Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Elachista cinereopunctella parasite

Elachista cinereopunctella (Haworth, 1828) grey-spotted dwarf mine Mine generally descending from the leaf tip. The mine may occupy the space between leaf margin and midrib, but may also occupy the entire width of the leaf. Most frass accumulated in the oldest part of the mine. Pupation external; the pupa is…

Carex host plants

…35 35a head black: Elachista utonella 35b head light brown: Elachista alpinella 36a with two orange red dorsal length lines: Elachista cinereopunctella 36b no length lines: Elachista gleichenella 37a species, within Europe, known only from Italy: Elachista fulgens 37b species (also) elsewhere in Italy: Elachista albidella, alpinella, kilmunella & utonella…

genus Carex host plant genus

…Elachistidae Elachista adscitella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista albidella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista alpinella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista arnoldi leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista atricomella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista biatomella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista bisulcella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista carinisella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista chrysodesmella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista cinereopunctella leaf miner…

genus Deschampsia host plant genus

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite predator Torymidae Torymus stenus leaf vagrant Lygaeidae Ischnodemus sabuleti flower vagrant Miridae Leptopterna ferrugata flower vagrant Miridae Stenotus binotatus leaf vagrant Miridae Stenodema holsata predator Miridae Fieberocapsus flaveolus leaf vagrant Miridae Acetropis carinata leaf vagrant Miridae Trigonotylus ruficornis leaf vagrant Rhopalidae Rhopalus…

Deschampsia cespitosa host plant species

tufted hair-grass synonym: Aira caespitosa, cespitosa; Deschampsia caespitosa organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf vagrant Lygaeidae Ischnodemus sabuleti predator Miridae Fieberocapsus flaveolus leaf vagrant Miridae Teratocoris saundersi stem borer doubtful Chloropidae Chlorops interruptus stem borer Chloropidae Chlorops speciosus leaf vagrant Noctuidae Mythimna impura root collar vagrant Noctuidae…

Sesleria host plants

…per soort 2a larva yellow-white, dorsally two orange-red length lines Elachista cinereopunctella 2b larva greenish, without length lines => 3 3a larva dull grey green, solitary: Elachista megerlella 3b larva olive green, often 2-3 per mine: Elachista adscitella Not included in the key: Cerodontha elbergi; Chromatomyia opacella; Elachista dimicatella, heinemanni….

genus Melica host plant genus

…hystrix leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha incisa leaf miner main Agromyzidae Cerodontha melicae leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha pygmaea leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia norwegica leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista albidella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista apicipunctella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista atricomella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista cinereopunctella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista compsa leaf miner Elachistidae…

Carex flacca host plant species

…Elachistidae Elachista cinereopunctella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista eleochariella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista gleichenella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista pigerella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista quadripunctella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista utonella leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia ribesii-diversicoloris leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia silvatica leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia urticae-flaccae leaf…

Carex humilis host plant species

…leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista chrysodesmella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista cinereopunctella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista gleichenella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista hedemanni leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista juliensis leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista martinii leaf pustule uredinia Pucciniales Puccinia amphispora leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia humilicola leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia linosyridis-caricis…

Carex digitata host plant species

fingered sedge organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Septoria caricis fruit gall Ustilaginales Anthracoidea irregularis leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha caricicola leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista cinereopunctella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista gleichenella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista kebneella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista occidentalis leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista

Carex ornithopoda host plant species

bird’s-foot sedge synonym: Carex ornithopoda subsp. elongata organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf scale Coccidae Luzulaspis grandis fruit gall Ustilaginales Anthracoidea irregularis leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista cinereopunctella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista gleichenella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista obliquella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista ornithopodella leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales…

Melica host plants

…diagnostic, and the larvae of many species are not well known; no key is possble: Elachista adscitella, albidella, apicipunctella, atricomella, cinereopunctella, compsa, gangabella, luticomella, obliquella, subalbidella 3a larva: the black warts at the outside of the rear spiracula are small, without a “root”: Cerodontha incisa 3b these warts large, with…

genus Sesleria host plant genus

Elachista cinereopunctella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista dimicatella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista heinemanni leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia coronata leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia graminis leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia sesleriae leaf stripe Tilletiales Tilletia sesleriae leaf stripe Ustilaginales Ustilago striiformis root vagrant summer generation Aphididae Anoecia corni…

Carex ericetorum host plant species

…Phytoptidae Phytoptus liroi fruit gall Ustilaginales Anthracoidea caryophylleae flower gall Ustilaginales Moreaua aterrima leaf borer Cecidomyiidae Thurauia aquatica leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista cinereopunctella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista occidentalis leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista serricornis leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia leucanthemi-vernae leaf stripe Urocystidales Urocystis fischeri leaf stripe Ustilaginales Schizonella melanogramma…

Sesleria caerulea host plant species

…Erysiphaceae Blumeria graminis leaf leaf spot Phyllachorales Phyllachora graminis leaf gall Eriophyidae Abacarus hystrix leaf gall Eriophyidae Aceria tenuis leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia nigra leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista cinereopunctella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista dimicatella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista heinemanni leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia coronata leaf pustule uredinia telia…

Carex pilosa host plant species

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite fruit gall Ustilaginales Anthracoidea pilosae leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha angulata leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha caricicola leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha caricivora leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha spinata leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista cinereopunctella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista gleichenella leaf pustule uredinia telia doubtful Pucciniales Puccinia…