Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Elachista cingillella parasite

Elachista cingillella (Herrich-Schäffer, 1855) white-tipped dwarf mine Gradually widening mine in the base of the blade; the sides very irregularly scalloped out. In the end the blade may be eaten out completely. When lighted from behind the mine is not uniformly transparent, but rather yellowish green and mottled because the…

Elachista metella parasite

Elachista metella Kaila, 2002 mine Not described. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Bothriochloa ischaemum; Bromopsis erecta; Milium effusum. These hostplants are listed by Parenti & Varalda (1994a) for “Elachista cingillella”. phenology Two annual generations BENELUX Uncertain. Both from the Netherlands and Belgium E. cingillella has been reported; without a revision of…

genus Brachypodium host plant genus

…leaf miner main Elachistidae Elachista chrysodesmella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista cingillella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista fasciola leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista gangabella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista maculicerusella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista obliquella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista pollinariella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista stabilella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista subalbidella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista

Brachypodium sylvaticum host plant species

…Agromyzidae Chromatomyia norwegica leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista adscitella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista albifrontella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista apicipunctella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista argentella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista bifasciella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista bisulcella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista chrysodesmella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista cingillella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista fasciola leaf miner…

genus Bromus host plant genus

Elachista herrichii leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista lastrella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista luticomella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista maculicerusella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista metella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista nobilella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista obliquella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista sicula leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista subnigrella leaf miner Ephydridae Hydrellia griseola leaf pustule Cantharellales…

Elymus host plants

…from Elymus caninus (Bearded Couch): Elachista adscitella, apicipunctella 4c recorded from Elymus repens (Scutch): Elachista albifrontella, argentella, cingillella, griseella, littoricola, maculicerusella, pollinariella, pullicomella 4d recorded from Elymus hispidus: Elachista pollutella 4e recorded from Hordelymus europaeus: Elachista obliquella 5a larva: mandible with 1 tooth; mine usually begins in a leaf sheath;…

genus Milium host plant genus

…miner Elachistidae Elachista cingillella leaf miner main Elachistidae Elachista diederichsiella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista dimicatella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista elegans leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista luticomella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista metella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista obliquella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista stabilella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista unifasciella leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales…

Milium effusum host plant species

Elachista bifasciella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista cingillella leaf miner main Elachistidae Elachista diederichsiella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista dimicatella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista elegans leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista luticomella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista metella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista obliquella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista stabilella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista unifasciella leaf pustule…

Bromopsis erecta host plant species

…fuscula leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza flaveola leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista argentella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista cingillella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista lastrella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista metella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista obliquella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista sicula leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista subnigrella leaf pustule Cantharellales Ceratorhiza rhizodes leaf pustule uredinia telia…

Bromus host plants

…pupation within or outside the mine => 6 5a of the species mentioned below the mines are insufficiently diagnostic and the larvae of most are not well known. A key cannot be made: Elachista albifrontella, argentella, atricomella, cingillella, elegans, freyerella, lastrella, luticomella, maculicerusella, obliquella, nobilella, sicula, subnigrella 6a larva: mandible…

Brachypodium host plants

…parasites per species 2a a large number of Elachistidae live on Brachypodium. The mines are not very diagnostic and the majority of the larvae is insufficiently described. It is not possible to key them out. The species concerned are: Elachista adscitella, albifrontella, anserinella, apicipunctella, argentella, bifasciella, bisulcella, chrysodesmella, cingillella, fasciola,…

Bothriochloa host plants

Bothriochloa Dichotomous table for leafminers 1a larva with thoracic feet and chitinised head: Elachista cingillella, metella 1b galls, etc => Tables for all parasites per species…

Milium host plants

…a chitinous comb: Cnephasia asseclana 4b anal comb absent: Cnephasia stephensiana 5 of the following species the mines are not diagnostic and the larvae in many cases insufficiently described; no key can be constructed: Cosmopterix orichalcea; Elachista adscitella, albifrontella, apicipunctella, atricomella, bifasciella cingillella, diederichsiella, dimicatella, elegans, luticomella, obliquella, stabilella, unifasciella…

Bothriochloa ischaemum host plant species

synonym: Andropogon, Dichanthium, ischaemum; Bothriochloa panormitana organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Zyginidia scutellaris leaf vagrant Delphacidae Remanodelphax cedroni leaf vagrant doubtful Cicadellidae Nesoclutha erythrocephala leaf scale Diaspididae Duplachionaspis natalensis flower gall Ustilaginales Sporisorium andropogonis leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista cingillella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista metella…

genus Bothriochloa host plant genus

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Zyginidia scutellaris leaf vagrant Delphacidae Remanodelphax cedroni leaf scale Diaspididae Duplachionaspis natalensis leaf vagrant doubtful Cicadellidae Nesoclutha erythrocephala flower gall Ustilaginales Sporisorium andropogonis leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista cingillella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista metella leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia…