Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Elachista adscitella parasite

…pupa Described by Patočka & Turčáni (2005a) and Parenti (2006b). synonyms Elachista revinctella: Traugott-Olsen & Nielsen, 1977a (see Parenti, 1992a; Bland, 1996a). In the older literature often confused with E. megerlella (= obliquella Stainton, 1854). references Baldizzone (2004a), Baran, Mazurkiewicz & Pałka (2007a), Bidzilya, Budashkin & Zhakov (2016a), Bland (1996a),…

Elachista obliquella parasite

Elachista obliquella Stainton, 1854 wood dwarf mine Oviposition on the upperside of the leaf, often 2-3 eggs on the same leaf. Initially a narrow, brown, ascending corridor is made, with most frass in its basal part. This mine is soon vacated, and a new mine is made in another leaf….

Carex host plants

…38a head black: Elachista utonella 38b head light brown: Elachista obliquella 39a head dark brown: Elachista gleichenella 39b head light brown => 40 40a prothoracic plate dark brown: Elachista obliquella 40b prothoracic plate light brown: Elachista serricornis 41a head black: Elachista utonella 41b head light brown : Elachista serricornis 42a…

genus Carex host plant genus

Elachista imatrella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista juliensis leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista kebneella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista kilmunella leaf miner doubtful Elachistidae Elachista leifi leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista martinii leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista morandinii leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista nobilella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista obliquella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista occidentalis leaf miner…

genus Festuca host plant genus

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Graminopassalora graminis leaf leaf spot Spermospora lolii leaf leaf spot Ploettnerulaceae Oculimacula yallundae leaf leaf spot Spermospora ciliata leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Ramularia holci-lanati leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Ramularia gracilispora leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Ramularia pusilla root collar…

genus Poa host plant genus

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf leaf spot Didymellaceae Ascochyta leptospora leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Graminopassalora graminis leaf leaf spot Ploettnerulaceae Oculimacula yallundae leaf leaf spot Ploettnerulaceae Rhynchosporium secalis leaf leaf spot Spermospora ciliata leaf leaf spot Plectosphaerellaceae Spermosporina graminella leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Ramularia holci-lanati leaf…

genus Deschampsia host plant genus

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf leaf spot Ploettnerulaceae Rhynchosporium secalis leaf leaf spot Spermospora ciliata leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Graminopassalora graminis leaf leaf spot Ploettnerulaceae Oculimacula yallundae leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Ramularia holci-lanati leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Ramularia holci-lanati leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Ramularia pusilla leaf…

genus Calamagrostis host plant genus

…leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista dimicatella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista elegans leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista fasciola leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista griseella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista maculicerusella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista obliquella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista pomerana leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista pullicomella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista stabilella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista subalbidella…

genus Dactylis host plant genus

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf leaf spot Ploettnerulaceae Rhynchosporium secalis leaf leaf spot Spermospora ciliata leaf leaf spot Didymellaceae Ascochyta leptospora leaf leaf spot Ploettnerulaceae Oculimacula yallundae leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Ramularia holci-lanati leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Ramularia pusilla Alydidae Micrelytra fossularum root collar vagrant Miridae…

genus Brachypodium host plant genus

…leaf miner main Elachistidae Elachista chrysodesmella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista cingillella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista fasciola leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista gangabella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista maculicerusella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista obliquella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista pollinariella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista stabilella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista subalbidella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista

Deschampsia cespitosa host plant species

tufted hair-grass synonym: Aira caespitosa, cespitosa; Deschampsia caespitosa organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf leaf spot Spermospora ciliata leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Graminopassalora graminis leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Ramularia holci-lanati leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Ramularia pusilla leaf vagrant Lygaeidae Ischnodemus sabuleti predator Miridae Fieberocapsus flaveolus leaf vagrant…

Dactylis glomerata host plant species

cock’s-foot synonym: Dactylis ciliata organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf leaf spot Spermospora ciliata leaf leaf spot Didymellaceae Ascochyta leptospora leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Ramularia holci-lanati leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Ramularia pusilla Alydidae Micrelytra fossularum flower vagrant Miridae Leptopterna ferrugata flower vagrant doubtful Miridae Megaloceroea recticornis flower…

genus Bromus host plant genus

Elachista herrichii leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista lastrella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista luticomella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista maculicerusella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista metella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista nobilella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista obliquella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista sicula leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista subnigrella leaf miner Ephydridae Hydrellia griseola leaf pustule Cantharellales…

Brachypodium sylvaticum host plant species

…Agromyzidae Chromatomyia norwegica leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista adscitella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista albifrontella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista apicipunctella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista argentella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista bifasciella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista bisulcella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista chrysodesmella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista cingillella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista fasciola leaf miner…

Elymus host plants

…from Elymus caninus (Bearded Couch): Elachista adscitella, apicipunctella 4c recorded from Elymus repens (Scutch): Elachista albifrontella, argentella, cingillella, griseella, littoricola, maculicerusella, pollinariella, pullicomella 4d recorded from Elymus hispidus: Elachista pollutella 4e recorded from Hordelymus europaeus: Elachista obliquella 5a larva: mandible with 1 tooth; mine usually begins in a leaf sheath;…

genus Milium host plant genus

…miner Elachistidae Elachista cingillella leaf miner main Elachistidae Elachista diederichsiella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista dimicatella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista elegans leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista luticomella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista metella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista obliquella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista stabilella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista unifasciella leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales…

Milium effusum host plant species

Elachista bifasciella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista cingillella leaf miner main Elachistidae Elachista diederichsiella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista dimicatella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista elegans leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista luticomella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista metella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista obliquella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista stabilella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista unifasciella leaf pustule…

genus Elymus host plant genus

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf leaf spot Cladosporiaceae Cladosporium elymi leaf leaf spot Ploettnerulaceae Rhynchosporium secalis leaf leaf spot Spermospora ciliata leaf leaf spot Ploettnerulaceae Rhynchosporium secalis leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Graminopassalora graminis leaf leaf spot Ploettnerulaceae Oculimacula yallundae leaf leaf spot Ploettnerulaceae Rhynchosporium secalis leaf…

genus Melica host plant genus

…hystrix leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha incisa leaf miner main Agromyzidae Cerodontha melicae leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha pygmaea leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia norwegica leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista albidella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista apicipunctella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista atricomella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista cinereopunctella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista compsa leaf miner Elachistidae…

Brachypodium pinnatum host plant species

…miner Elachistidae Elachista obliquella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista stabilella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista subalbidella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista subocellea leaf pustule Cantharellales Ceratorhiza rhizodes leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia brachypodii leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia coronata leaf stripe uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia striiformis leaf stripe Tilletiales Tilletia olida…

Bromopsis erecta host plant species

…fuscula leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza flaveola leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista argentella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista cingillella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista lastrella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista metella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista obliquella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista sicula leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista subnigrella leaf pustule Cantharellales Ceratorhiza rhizodes leaf pustule uredinia telia…

Carex elata host plant species

…echinospora fruit gall Ustilaginales Anthracoidea heterospora fruit gall Ustilaginales Anthracoidea liroi leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha morosa leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista adscitella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista bisulcella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista carinisella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista fulgens leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista obliquella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista serricornis leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista

Rostraria cristata host plant species

…graminis leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista argentella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista collitella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista freyerella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista herrichii leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista obliquella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista pullicomella leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia fragosoi leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia longissima leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales…

genus Rostraria host plant genus

…leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista argentella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista collitella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista freyerella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista herrichii leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista obliquella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista pullicomella leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia fragosoi leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia longissima leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia…

Dactylis host plants

…7a the species below have been reported from Cock’s-foot; the larvae are not sufficiently known to enable the construction of a key: Elachista albifrontella, apicipunctella, argentella, atricomella, bifasciella, catalana, chrysodesmella, dimicatella, elegans, freyerella,< a href=””http://bladmineerders.nl/wordpress/elachista-gangabella”>gangabella, griseella, luticomella, maculicerusella, nobilella, obliquella, pullicomella, subnigrella, unifasciella 8a larva: mandible with one tooth: Hydrellia…

Bromus host plants

…pupation within or outside the mine => 6 5a of the species mentioned below the mines are insufficiently diagnostic and the larvae of most are not well known. A key cannot be made: Elachista albifrontella, argentella, atricomella, cingillella, elegans, freyerella, lastrella, luticomella, maculicerusella, obliquella, nobilella, sicula, subnigrella 6a larva: mandible…

Festuca host plants

…larva: has ventrally on each segment a light spot: Cosmopterix orichalcea 6b no such series of spots => 7 7a a large number of Elachistidae species occur on Festuca. Their mines are hardly diagnostic and the larvae of many are badly known. A key cannot be constructed: Elachista adscitella, albifrontella,…

Carex ornithopoda host plant species

bird’s-foot sedge synonym: Carex ornithopoda subsp. elongata organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf scale Coccidae Luzulaspis grandis fruit gall Ustilaginales Anthracoidea irregularis leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista cinereopunctella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista gleichenella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista obliquella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista ornithopodella leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales…

Calamagrostis host plants

…sides => 3 1c galls, etc => Tables for all parasites per species 2a a number of Elachistidae; the larvae are not sufficiently known to enable the construction of a key: Elachista adscitella, albidella, albifrontella, apicipunctella, argentella, bifasciella, bisulcella, deriventa, dimicatella, elegans, fasciola, griseella, maculicerusella, obliquella, pomerana, pullicomella, stabilella, subalbidella,…

Brachypodium host plants

…parasites per species 2a a large number of Elachistidae live on Brachypodium. The mines are not very diagnostic and the majority of the larvae is insufficiently described. It is not possible to key them out. The species concerned are: Elachista adscitella, albifrontella, anserinella, apicipunctella, argentella, bifasciella, bisulcella, chrysodesmella, cingillella, fasciola,…

Melica host plants

…diagnostic, and the larvae of many species are not well known; no key is possble: Elachista adscitella, albidella, apicipunctella, atricomella, cinereopunctella, compsa, gangabella, luticomella, obliquella, subalbidella 3a larva: the black warts at the outside of the rear spiracula are small, without a “root”: Cerodontha incisa 3b these warts large, with…

Poa host plants

…construction of a key impossible: Elachista adscitella, albicapilla, albidella, albifrontella, apicipunctella, argentella, bedellella, bifasciella, canapennella, chrysodesmella, collitella, consortella, dimicatella, elegans, exactella, freyerella, griseella, humilis, luticomella, maculicerusella, obliquella, poae, pollinariella, pomerana, pullicomella, stabilella, subalbidella 5a at the start of the mine (often within a leaf sheath) at the outside an egg…

Rostraria host plants

Rostraria mediterranean hairgrass incl. Lophochloa. Dichotomous table for leafminers 1a the mining larva is a caterpillar: Elachista argentella, collitella, freyerella, herrichi, obliquella, pullicomella 1b galls, etc. => Tables for all parasites per species…

Milium host plants

…a chitinous comb: Cnephasia asseclana 4b anal comb absent: Cnephasia stephensiana 5 of the following species the mines are not diagnostic and the larvae in many cases insufficiently described; no key can be constructed: Cosmopterix orichalcea; Elachista adscitella, albifrontella, apicipunctella, atricomella, bifasciella cingillella, diederichsiella, dimicatella, elegans, luticomella, obliquella, stabilella, unifasciella…

Carex acuta host plant species

…Cerodontha angulata leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha eucaricis leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha morosa leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista albidella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista alpinella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista obliquella leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia circaeae-caricis leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia paludosa leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia pringsheimiana leaf pustule…

Carex spicata host plant species

…vagrant Eriophyidae Eriophyes lentiginosus fruit gall Cecidomyiidae Wachtliella caricis fruit gall Ustilaginales Anthracoidea vankyi flower gall Psyllidae Livia crefeldensis leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha vigneae leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista carinisella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista obliquella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista utonella leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia opizii leaf vagrant Aphididae Caricosipha…

Carex sylvatica host plant species

…Cerodontha caricivora leaf miner main Agromyzidae Cerodontha spinata leaf miner main Agromyzidae Cerodontha staryi leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista gleichenella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista obliquella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista serricornis leaf miner Ephydridae Hydrellia griseola leaf vagrant Aphididae Sitobion avenae leaf stripe Ustilaginales Schizonella melanogramma root collar gall Cecidomyiidae Planetella cornifex…

Bromopsis ramosa host plant species

…nigrella leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha incisa leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia nigra leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista luticomella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista obliquella leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia alternans leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia coronata leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia graminis leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia symphyti-bromorum root…

Poa chaixii host plant species

…Erysiphaceae Blumeria graminis leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha chaixiana leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha fasciata leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha melicae leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha rohdendorfi leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista dimicatella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista obliquella leaf pustule Cantharellales Ceratorhiza rhizodes leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia poarum leaf stripe Ustilaginales Ustilago striiformis…

Hemiptarsenus unguicellus parasite

Hemiptarsenus unguicellus (Zetterstedt, 1838) parasite Parasitoid in galls of Cerodontha ? iraeos, iridis, pygmaea; Chromatomyia nigra; Elachista obliquella ; Prays oleae. host plants polyphagous Olea europaea. distribution within Europe PESI (2022). references Alissandrakis, Psirofonia, Kavallieratos, ao (2018a), Bouček (1959a)….

Hordelymus europaeus host plant species

woodbarley synonym: Cuviera europaea; Elymus europaeus; Hordeum europaeum, sylvaticum organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Coenonympha hero leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphaceae Blumeria graminis leaf leaf spot Phyllachorales Phyllachora graminis leaf film Ustilaginales Tranzscheliella hypodytes leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha incisa leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista obliquella leaf…