Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Elachista poae parasite

Elachista poae Stainton, 1855 sweet-grass dwarf Glyceria maxima, Nieuwendam; lowest part of the mine (sitting within a leaf sheath, that has been taken away) gallery, higher in te mine, lighted from behind mine Narrow, whitish (in the end often reddish brown) gallery of several decimeters in length, descending from the…

Elachista poae larva parasite

Elachista poae Glyceria maxima, Nieuwendam head and pronotum; p2 abdominal and anal prolegs 10/12/2011…

genus Festuca host plant genus

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite Scutelleridae Phimodera humeralis predator Eupelmidae Eupelmus falcatus leaf vagrant Miridae Trigonotylus ruficornis leaf vagrant Miridae Systellonotus triguttatus leaf vagrant Miridae Conostethus roseus leaf vagrant Miridae Acetropis carinata leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Neottiglossa pusilla leaf vagrant Rhopalidae Chorosoma schillingii leaf vagrant Rhopalidae Myrmus miriformis…

genus Poa host plant genus

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite predator Torymidae Torymus poae seeds vagrant Lygaeidae Plinthisus brevipennis leaf vagrant Miridae Stenodema holsata leaf vagrant Scutelleridae Odontotarsus plicatulus leaf vagrant Scutelleridae Odontotarsus purpureolineatus leaf vagrant Scutelleridae Odontotarsus robustus doubtful Scutelleridae Irochrotus maculiventris flower vagrant Scutelleridae Eurygaster hottentotta flower vagrant Scutelleridae Eurygaster…

genus Calamagrostis host plant genus

Elachista dimicatella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista elegans leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista fasciola leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista griseella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista maculicerusella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista obliquella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista pomerana leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista pullicomella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista stabilella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista subalbidella leaf miner Elachistidae…

genus Holcus host plant genus

…leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista argentella leaf miner main Elachistidae Elachista bifasciella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista canapennella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista chrysodesmella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista diederichsiella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista dimicatella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista freyerella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista hedemanni leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista herrichii leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista

genus Dactylis host plant genus

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite Alydidae Micrelytra fossularum root collar vagrant Miridae Capsus ater flower vagrant Miridae Leptopterna ferrugata flower vagrant doubtful Miridae Megaloceroea recticornis flower vagrant Miridae Leptopterna dolabrata leaf vagrant Miridae Stenodema laevigata leaf vagrant Miridae Amblytylus nasutus root vagrant Pentatomidae Sciocoris homalonotus flower vagrant…

Poa pratensis host plant species

…milii leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista albifrontella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista argentella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista collitella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista freyerella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista griseella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista humilis leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista luticomella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista pollinariella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista pomerana leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista

Glyceria host plants

…line: Elachista poae 16b frass, at least in the oldest part of the mine, in two or more parallel lines: Elachista apicipunctella 17a larva with length lines: Orthotelia sparganella 17b no length lines => 18 18a larva: pinacula colourless (the bases of the setae themselves are black): Cnephasia incertana 18b…

Festuca ovina host plant species

Elachista dispilella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista dispunctella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista distigmatella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista festucicolella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista pollinariella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista pullicomella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista triatomea leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista triseriatella leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia coronata leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia…

Milium effusum host plant species

…main Agromyzidae Chromatomyia milii leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia nigra leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza flaveola leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista albifrontella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista apicipunctella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista atricomella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista bifasciella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista cingillella leaf miner main Elachistidae Elachista diederichsiella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista dimicatella…

genus Milium host plant genus

…mobilis leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza nigrella leaf miner Cosmopterigidae Cosmopterix orichalcea leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista albifrontella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista apicipunctella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista atricomella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista bifasciella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista cingillella leaf miner main Elachistidae Elachista diederichsiella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista dimicatella leaf miner Elachistidae…

Holcus mollis host plant species

Elachista diederichsiella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista dimicatella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista hedemanni leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista rufocinerea leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista subnigrella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista unifasciella leaf pustule Cantharellales Ceratorhiza rhizodes leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia coronata leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia holcina leaf stripe Microbotryales Ustilentyloma…

Poa nemoralis host plant species

…Agromyzidae Liriomyza flaveola leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista apicipunctella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista bedellella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista bifasciella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista exactella leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia graminis leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia petasites-poarum leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia poae-aposeridis leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia…

Calamagrostis arundinacea host plant species

…Elachistidae Elachista albifrontella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista apicipunctella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista bifasciella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista deriventa leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista dimicatella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista elegans leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista fasciola leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista subalbidella leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia coronata leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales…

genus Agrostis host plant genus

…leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista freyerella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista herrichii leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista humilis leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista maculicerusella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista nobilella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista stabilella leaf miner Ephydridae Hydrellia griseola leaf pustule Cantharellales Ceratorhiza rhizodes leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia borealis leaf pustule uredinia…

genus Glyceria host plant genus

Elachista apicipunctella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista poae leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista pomerana leaf miner Ephydridae Hydrellia griseola leaf miner Ephydridae Hydrellia thoracica leaf pustule Cantharellales Ceratorhiza rhizodes leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia coronata leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia graminis leaf stripe Blastocladiales Physoderma gerhardtii leaf stripe uredinia telia…

Poa trivialis host plant species

…leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista chrysodesmella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista freyerella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista pollinariella leaf pustule Cantharellales Ceratorhiza rhizodes leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia poae-nemoralis leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia poarum leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces poae leaf stripe Urocystidales Urocystis poae leaf stripe Ustilaginales Ustilago…

Poa host plants

…construction of a key impossible: Elachista adscitella, albicapilla, albidella, albifrontella, apicipunctella, argentella, bedellella, bifasciella, canapennella, chrysodesmella, collitella, consortella, dimicatella, elegans, exactella, freyerella, griseella, humilis, luticomella, maculicerusella, obliquella, poae, pollinariella, pomerana, pullicomella, stabilella, subalbidella 5a at the start of the mine (often within a leaf sheath) at the outside an egg…

Ochlopoa annua host plant species

annual meadowgrass synonym: Poa annua organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite flower vagrant Pentatomidae Aelia acuminata leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Leprosoma tuberculatum root collar vagrant Pentatomidae Sciocoris hoberlandti root collar vagrant Pentatomidae Sciocoris sulcatus leaf vagrant Scutelleridae Eurygaster integriceps leaf vagrant Delphacidae Toya propinqua leaf vagrant Berytidae Berytinus clavipes…

genus Phalaris host plant genus

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf vagrant Miridae Capsus wagneri leaf vagrant Miridae Stenodema trispinosa predator Nabidae Nabis rugosus root collar vagrant rarely Lygaeidae Dimorphopterus spinolae leaf predator doubtful Miridae Dicyphus globulifer flower vagrant Miridae Leptopterna dolabrata leaf vagrant Lygaeidae Ischnodemus sabuleti leaf vagrant Scutelleridae Eurygaster integriceps…

Poa compressa host plant species

…miner Elachistidae Elachista freyerella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista maculicerusella leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia poae-nemoralis leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia poarum leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces poae leaf stripe Urocystidales Urocystis poae leaf stripe Ustilaginales Ustilago striiformis leaf vagrant Aphididae Atheroides serrulatus leaf vagrant Aphididae Sitobion avenae…

Schedonorus arundinaceus host plant species

…Cosmopterigidae Cosmopterix orichalcea leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista bisulcella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista freyerella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista rufocinerea leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista stabilella leaf pustule Cantharellales Ceratorhiza rhizodes leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia coronata leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia graminis leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia poae-nemoralis leaf…

Poa alpina host plant species

…miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha alpina leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista dimicatella leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia poarum leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces poae leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces poae-alpinae leaf stripe Urocystidales Urocystis poae leaf stripe Ustilaginales Ustilago striiformis stem gall Cecidomyiidae Mayetiola graminis leaf vagrant Aphididae Sipha maydis…

Poa palustris host plant species

…flaveola leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista albidella leaf pustule Cantharellales Ceratorhiza rhizodes leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia petasites-poarum leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia poae-nemoralis leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia poarum leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces poae leaf stripe Urocystidales Urocystis poae-palustris leaf stripe Ustilaginales Ustilago striiformis leaf…

Glyceria maxima host plant species

…Agromyzidae Chromatomyia nigra leaf miner Crambidae Donacaula forficella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista poae leaf miner Ephydridae Hydrellia thoracica leaf pustule Cantharellales Ceratorhiza rhizodes leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia coronata leaf stripe Ustilaginales Ustilago davisii leaf stripe Ustilaginales Ustilago filiformis stem gall Cecidomyiidae Octodiplosis glyceriae leaf vagrant Aphididae Sipha glyceriae…

Spaniopus dissimilis parasite

Spaniopus dissimilis Walker, 1833 parasite Parasitoid in galls/mines of Coleophora; Diplolepis rosae; Elachista poae; Hexomyza simplex; Mayetiola destructor; Phanacis caulicola. host plants polyphagous Asparagus officinalis; Helminthotheca echioides; Rosa. distribution within Europe PESI (2022). references Jennings (2004a), Lotfalizadeh & Gharali (2008a), Morrison-III, Gibson & Szendrei (2014a), Tselikh (2015a)….

genus Alopecurus host plant genus

…Agromyza mobilis leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza nigrella leaf miner doubtful Agromyzidae Agromyza nigripes leaf miner older larva Coleophoridae Coleophora lixella leaf miner older larva Coleophoridae Coleophora ornatipennella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista albifrontella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista dimicatella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista maculicerusella leaf miner Ephydridae Hydrellia griseola leaf pustule Cantharellales…

Festuca stricta subsp. sulcata host plant species

…glyceriae leaf leaf spot Georgefischeriales Jamesdicksonia dactylidis leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista bedellella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista festucicolella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista nitidulella leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia poae-nemoralis leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia scillae-rubrae leaf stripe Ustilaginales Ustilago striiformis stem gall Eurytomidae Tetramesa brevicollis root collar unknown Eurytomidae…

Alopecurus pratensis host plant species

…Elachistidae Elachista albifrontella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista dimicatella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista maculicerusella leaf miner Ephydridae Hydrellia griseola leaf pustule Cantharellales Ceratorhiza rhizodes leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia coronata leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia graminis leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia perplexans leaf pustule uredinia telia rarely Pucciniales…

genus Lolium host plant genus

…Cerodontha muscina leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha pygmaea leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia milii leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia nigra leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza flaveola leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza phryne leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza mobilis leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza nigrella leaf miner Agromyzidae Pseudonapomyza atra leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista luticomella leaf miner Ephydridae…

Festuca versicolor host plant species

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista irenae leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista nobilella leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia poae-nemoralis…

Lolium perenne host plant species

…leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha pygmaea leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia nigra leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza flaveola leaf miner Agromyzidae Pseudonapomyza atra leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista luticomella leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia coronata leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia graminis leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia loliicola leaf pustule uredinia telia…

Glyceria fluitans host plant species

…leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza nigripes leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia nigra leaf miner Crambidae Donacaula forficella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista pomerana leaf miner Ephydridae Hydrellia thoracica leaf pustule Cantharellales Ceratorhiza rhizodes leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia graminis leaf stripe Ustilaginales Ustilago davisii leaf stripe Ustilaginales Ustilago filiformis stem vagrant Aphididae…

Poa pratensis subsp. irrigata host plant species

synonym: Poa humilis, irrigata, subcaerulea organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf leaf spot Georgefischeriales Jamesdicksonia dactylidis leaf gall Eriophyidae Aceria tenuis leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista luticomella leaf stripe Urocystidales Urocystis poae leaf stripe Ustilaginales Ustilago striiformis…