Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Elachista subnigrella parasite

Elachista subnigrella Douglas, 1853 dark dwarf mine Narrow, flat, corridor descending from the leaf tip. Frass in an almost continuous line. The larva usually makes several mines. Mines pale yellow green at first, turning purple later. Pupation external. hostplants Poaceae, oligophagous Avena; Avenula pubescens; Bromopsis erecta, pannonica; Calamagrostis epigeios; Dactylis…

genus Festuca host plant genus

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite Scutelleridae Phimodera humeralis predator Eupelmidae Eupelmus falcatus leaf vagrant Miridae Trigonotylus ruficornis leaf vagrant Miridae Systellonotus triguttatus leaf vagrant Miridae Conostethus roseus leaf vagrant Miridae Acetropis carinata leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Neottiglossa pusilla leaf vagrant Rhopalidae Chorosoma schillingii leaf vagrant Rhopalidae Myrmus miriformis…

genus Calamagrostis host plant genus

Elachista dimicatella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista elegans leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista fasciola leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista griseella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista maculicerusella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista obliquella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista pomerana leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista pullicomella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista stabilella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista subalbidella leaf miner Elachistidae…

genus Holcus host plant genus

…leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista argentella leaf miner main Elachistidae Elachista bifasciella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista canapennella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista chrysodesmella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista diederichsiella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista dimicatella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista freyerella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista hedemanni leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista herrichii leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista

genus Dactylis host plant genus

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite Alydidae Micrelytra fossularum root collar vagrant Miridae Capsus ater flower vagrant Miridae Leptopterna ferrugata flower vagrant doubtful Miridae Megaloceroea recticornis flower vagrant Miridae Leptopterna dolabrata leaf vagrant Miridae Stenodema laevigata leaf vagrant Miridae Amblytylus nasutus root vagrant Pentatomidae Sciocoris homalonotus flower vagrant…

Dactylis glomerata host plant species

cock’s-foot synonym: Dactylis ciliata organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite Alydidae Micrelytra fossularum flower vagrant Miridae Leptopterna ferrugata flower vagrant doubtful Miridae Megaloceroea recticornis flower vagrant Miridae Leptopterna dolabrata leaf vagrant Miridae Stenodema laevigata leaf vagrant Miridae Amblytylus nasutus root vagrant Pentatomidae Sciocoris homalonotus flower vagrant Miridae Stenotus…

genus Bromus host plant genus

…albifrontella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista argentella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista atricomella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista cingillella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista elegans leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista freyerella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista herrichii leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista lastrella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista luticomella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista maculicerusella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista

Holcus mollis host plant species

Elachista diederichsiella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista dimicatella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista hedemanni leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista rufocinerea leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista subnigrella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista unifasciella leaf pustule Cantharellales Ceratorhiza rhizodes leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia coronata leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia holcina leaf stripe Microbotryales Ustilentyloma…

Avena host plants

…Oat: Coleophora ciconiella 3a larva with feet and chitinised head (Elachistidae) => 4 3b larva a maggot => 7 4a larva grey-green Elachista bedellella & E. pullicomella 4b larva dirty white – yellowish => 5 5a larva: head pale brown: Elachista griseella, E. pomerana & E. subnigrella 5b head dark…

Calamagrostis epigeios host plant species

wood small-reed synonym: Calamagrostis epigejos organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite predator Torymidae Torymus baudysi predator Pteromalidae Chlorocytus harmolitae flower vagrant Miridae Megaloceroea recticornis leaf vagrant Miridae Acetropis gimmerthali leaf vagrant Lygaeidae Dimorphopterus doriae root vagrant Scutelleridae Phimodera humeralis leaf vagrant Miridae Stenodema holsata leaf vagrant Miridae Trigonotylus…

genus Avenula host plant genus

…mobilis leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza nigrella leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza nigrociliata leaf miner Chrysomelidae Hispa atra leaf miner older larva Coleophoridae Coleophora lixella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista albifrontella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista argentella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista bedellella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista canapennella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista herrichii leaf miner…

Bromopsis erecta host plant species

…fuscula leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza flaveola leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista argentella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista cingillella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista lastrella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista metella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista obliquella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista sicula leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista subnigrella leaf pustule Cantharellales Ceratorhiza rhizodes leaf pustule uredinia telia…

Avenula pubescens host plant species

…Coleophoridae Coleophora lixella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista albifrontella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista argentella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista canapennella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista herrichii leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista subnigrella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista unifasciella leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia coronata leaf stripe Urocystidales Urocystis avenastri stem gall Chloropidae Chlorops pumilionis…

genus Avena host plant genus

…Coleophoridae Coleophora ciconiella leaf miner older larva Coleophoridae Coleophora ornatipennella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista albifrontella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista bedellella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista pomerana leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista pullicomella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista stabilella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista subnigrella leaf miner Ephydridae Hydrellia griseola leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales…

Bromus host plants

…pupation within or outside the mine => 6 5a of the species mentioned below the mines are insufficiently diagnostic and the larvae of most are not well known. A key cannot be made: Elachista albifrontella, argentella, atricomella, cingillella, elegans, freyerella, lastrella, luticomella, maculicerusella, obliquella, nobilella, sicula, subnigrella 6a larva: mandible…

Festuca host plants

…larva: has ventrally on each segment a light spot: Cosmopterix orichalcea 6b no such series of spots => 7 7a a large number of Elachistidae species occur on Festuca. Their mines are hardly diagnostic and the larvae of many are badly known. A key cannot be constructed: Elachista adscitella, albifrontella,…

Dactylis host plants

…7a the species below have been reported from Cock’s-foot; the larvae are not sufficiently known to enable the construction of a key: Elachista albifrontella, apicipunctella, argentella, atricomella, bifasciella, catalana, chrysodesmella, dimicatella, elegans, freyerella,< a href=””http://bladmineerders.nl/wordpress/elachista-gangabella”>gangabella, griseella, luticomella, maculicerusella, nobilella, obliquella, pullicomella, subnigrella, unifasciella 8a larva: mandible with one tooth: Hydrellia…

Holcus host plants

…2b larva a maggot; pupation within or outside the mine => 4 3a the mines of the following species are hardly diagnostic and the larve in many cases are insufficiently described; a key cannot be made: Elachista albifrontella, apicipunctella, argentella, bifasciella, canapennella, chrysodesmella, diederichsiella, dimicatella, freyerella, hedemanni, herrichii, humilis, maculicerusella,…

Avenula host plants

Elachista albifrontella, argentella, bedellella, canapennella, herrichi, pullicomella, subnigrella, unifasciella 4a larva: mandible with 1 tooth; at the start of the mine (often within a leaf sheath) at the outside an egg shell: Hydrellia griseola 4b mandible with 2 or more teeth; no egg shell visible => 5 5a puparium in…

Calamagrostis host plants

…sides => 3 1c galls, etc => Tables for all parasites per species 2a a number of Elachistidae; the larvae are not sufficiently known to enable the construction of a key: Elachista adscitella, albidella, albifrontella, apicipunctella, argentella, bifasciella, bisulcella, deriventa, dimicatella, elegans, fasciola, griseella, maculicerusella, obliquella, pomerana, pullicomella, stabilella, subalbidella,…

Bromopsis pannonica host plant species

synonym: Bromus erectus var. pannonicus, pannonicus, reptans, vernalis organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista argentella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista herrichii leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista subnigrella leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia alternans root gall Anguinidae Subanguina radicicola…