Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Elachista gangabella parasite

…in spring to pupate (Traugott-Olsen & Schmidt-Nielsen, 1977a). BENELUX BE recorded (De Prins, 1998a). NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a; Microlepidoptera.nl, 2008). LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2008). distribution within Europe All Europe (Corley ao, 2006a; Fauna Europaea, 2008). larva synonyms Elachista taeniatella Stainton, 1857. E. gangabella and unifasciella

Elachista unifasciella parasite

Elachista unifasciella (Haworth, 1828) narrow-barred dwarf mine In autumn the larva makes a long, somewhat blistered, slightly transparant corridor. In spring it mines the basal leaves that lie on the ground. These mines are swollen, clouded green, opaque, and the mined tips of the leaves are puckered and shrunken,filled with…

genus Holcus host plant genus

…Elachistidae Elachista hedemanni leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista herrichii leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista humilis leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista maculicerusella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista nobilella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista pullicomella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista rufocinerea leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista subnigrella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista subocellea leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista unifasciella leaf miner…

genus Dactylis host plant genus

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf leaf spot Ploettnerulaceae Rhynchosporium secalis leaf leaf spot Spermospora ciliata leaf leaf spot Didymellaceae Ascochyta leptospora leaf leaf spot Ploettnerulaceae Oculimacula yallundae leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Ramularia holci-lanati leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Ramularia pusilla Alydidae Micrelytra fossularum root collar vagrant Miridae…

genus Brachypodium host plant genus

…leaf miner main Elachistidae Elachista chrysodesmella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista cingillella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista fasciola leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista gangabella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista maculicerusella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista obliquella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista pollinariella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista stabilella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista subalbidella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista

Dactylis glomerata host plant species

cock’s-foot synonym: Dactylis ciliata organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf leaf spot Spermospora ciliata leaf leaf spot Didymellaceae Ascochyta leptospora leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Ramularia holci-lanati leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Ramularia pusilla Alydidae Micrelytra fossularum flower vagrant Miridae Leptopterna ferrugata flower vagrant doubtful Miridae Megaloceroea recticornis flower…

Brachypodium sylvaticum host plant species

…Agromyzidae Chromatomyia norwegica leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista adscitella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista albifrontella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista apicipunctella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista argentella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista bifasciella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista bisulcella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista chrysodesmella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista cingillella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista fasciola leaf miner…

genus Milium host plant genus

…miner Elachistidae Elachista cingillella leaf miner main Elachistidae Elachista diederichsiella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista dimicatella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista elegans leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista luticomella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista metella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista obliquella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista stabilella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista unifasciella leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales…

Milium effusum host plant species

Elachista bifasciella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista cingillella leaf miner main Elachistidae Elachista diederichsiella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista dimicatella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista elegans leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista luticomella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista metella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista obliquella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista stabilella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista unifasciella leaf pustule…

Holcus mollis host plant species

Elachista diederichsiella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista dimicatella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista hedemanni leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista rufocinerea leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista subnigrella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista unifasciella leaf pustule Cantharellales Ceratorhiza rhizodes leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia coronata leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia holcina leaf stripe Microbotryales Ustilentyloma…

genus Avenula host plant genus

…argentella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista bedellella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista canapennella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista herrichii leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista pullicomella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista subnigrella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista unifasciella leaf miner Ephydridae Hydrellia griseola leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia coronata leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia graminis…

Avenula pubescens host plant species

…Coleophoridae Coleophora lixella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista albifrontella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista argentella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista canapennella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista herrichii leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista subnigrella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista unifasciella leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia coronata leaf stripe Urocystidales Urocystis avenastri stem gall Chloropidae Chlorops pumilionis…

Dactylis host plants

…7a the species below have been reported from Cock’s-foot; the larvae are not sufficiently known to enable the construction of a key: Elachista albifrontella, apicipunctella, argentella, atricomella, bifasciella, catalana, chrysodesmella, dimicatella, elegans, freyerella,< a href=””http://bladmineerders.nl/wordpress/elachista-gangabella”>gangabella, griseella, luticomella, maculicerusella, nobilella, obliquella, pullicomella, subnigrella, unifasciella 8a larva: mandible with one tooth: Hydrellia…

Holcus host plants

…2b larva a maggot; pupation within or outside the mine => 4 3a the mines of the following species are hardly diagnostic and the larve in many cases are insufficiently described; a key cannot be made: Elachista albifrontella, apicipunctella, argentella, bifasciella, canapennella, chrysodesmella, diederichsiella, dimicatella, freyerella, hedemanni, herrichii, humilis, maculicerusella,…

Avenula host plants

Elachista albifrontella, argentella, bedellella, canapennella, herrichi, pullicomella, subnigrella, unifasciella 4a larva: mandible with 1 tooth; at the start of the mine (often within a leaf sheath) at the outside an egg shell: Hydrellia griseola 4b mandible with 2 or more teeth; no egg shell visible => 5 5a puparium in…

Milium host plants

…a chitinous comb: Cnephasia asseclana 4b anal comb absent: Cnephasia stephensiana 5 of the following species the mines are not diagnostic and the larvae in many cases insufficiently described; no key can be constructed: Cosmopterix orichalcea; Elachista adscitella, albifrontella, apicipunctella, atricomella, bifasciella cingillella, diederichsiella, dimicatella, elegans, luticomella, obliquella, stabilella, unifasciella

Brachypodium host plants

…parasites per species 2a a large number of Elachistidae live on Brachypodium. The mines are not very diagnostic and the majority of the larvae is insufficiently described. It is not possible to key them out. The species concerned are: Elachista adscitella, albifrontella, anserinella, apicipunctella, argentella, bifasciella, bisulcella, chrysodesmella, cingillella, fasciola,…

Dactylis glomerata subsp. lobata host plant species

…spot incertae sedis Mastigosporium muticum leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphaceae Blumeria graminis leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha incisa leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha pygmaea leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista apicipunctella leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista unifasciella leaf stripe uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia striiformoides leaf stripe Ustilaginales Ustilago striiformis leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Rhopalosiphum padi…