Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Epinotia tedella parasite

Epinotia tedella (Clerck, 1759) common spruce bell Picea abies, Belgium, prov. Namen, Graide-Station © Jean-Yves Baugnée another aspect mine The larva completely mines a group of c. 15 needles. The larva penetrates the base the needles. Most frass is deposited outside the mines. The mined needles are surrounded by a…

Picea host plants

…per species 2a larva green => 3 2b larva brownish => 4 3a mine in spring: Epinotia nanana 3b mine in autumn: Epinotia tedella 4a mine without frass: Coleotechnites piceaella 4b mined needles contain frass grains => 5 5a mine in the previous year’s needles; larvae remain in the mine…

Picea abies host plant species

…miner Tortricidae Cymolomia hartigiana leaf miner main Tortricidae Dichelia histrionana leaf miner Tortricidae Epinotia nanana leaf miner Tortricidae Epinotia pygmaeana leaf miner Tortricidae Epinotia subsequana leaf miner Tortricidae Epinotia tedella leaf miner Tortricidae Pseudohermenias abietana leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Chrysomyxa empetri leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Chrysomyxa ledi leaf pustule aecia…

genus Picea host plant genus

…nanana leaf miner Tortricidae Epinotia pygmaeana leaf miner Tortricidae Epinotia subsequana leaf miner Tortricidae Epinotia tedella leaf miner Tortricidae Pseudohermenias abietana leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Pucciniastrum sparsum leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Chrysomyxa empetri leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Chrysomyxa ledi leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Chrysomyxa rhododendri leaf pustule telia Pucciniales Chrysomyxa…