Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Gracillaria syringella parasite

Gracillaria syringella (Fabricius, 1794) common slender Syringa vulgaris, Russia, Moscow region, Orekhovo-Zuevsky district, Topoliniy village 18.vi.20118 © Andrey Ponomarev young larvae in opened mine older larva leaf fold with cocoon cocoon pupa, dorsal pupa, lateral pupa, ventral imago Ligustrum ovalifolium: (old) mines and leaf rolls, Belgium, Liège, 9.ix.2009 © Jean-Yves…

Gracillaria syringella larva parasite

Ligustrum ovalifolium, Nieuwendam the larvae are almost transparant, and small in comparsion to their mine Fraxinus excelsior, Leiden: head and proleg of a free living larva See Fulmek (1910b) for a detailed description of the larva….

Fraxinus host plants

Fraxinus ash (For a dichotomous table for galls on Fraxinus by Hans Roskam click here) Dichotomous table for leafminers 1a corridor, in the end often widening into a blotch => 2 1b blotch from the start: Gracillaria syringella 1c fleck mine: Coleophora badiipennella 1d galls, etc => Tables for all…

Weigela host plants

Weigela bush honeysuckle Dichotomous table for leafminers 1a opaque blotch with a number of small larvae; older larve live free under a rolled leaf: Gracillaria syringella 1b galls, etc. => Tables for all parasites per species…

Magnolia host plants

Magnolia Dichotomous table for leafminers 1a Opaque, flat blotch, usually with several larvae; older larve live free in a rolled leaf: Gracillaria syringella (xenophagy?) 1b galls, etc.=> Tables for all parasites per species…

Syringa host plants

Syringa lilac Dichotomous table for leafminers 1a large greenish, quickly browning, flat blotch, opaque, with a number of larvae: Gracillaria syringella 1b narrow, silvery, finally contracting blotch with 1 larva: Caloptilia cuculipennella 1c galls, etc => Tables for all parasites per species…

Ligustrum host plants

Ligustrum privet (For a dichotomous table for galls on Ligustrum by Hans Roskam click here) Dichotomous table for leafminers 1a broad greenish, later brown, flat blotch, opaque, with a number of larvae. Older larvae in a leaf roll that is placed perpendicular to the midrib: Gracillaria syringella 1b narrow, silvery,…

Jasminum host plants

Jasminum jasmine Dichotomous table for leafminers 1a greenish, later brown blotch without an apparent initial corridor; a number of larvae share a mine: Gracillaria syringella 1b silvery blotch with a conspicuous initial corridor: larva solitary: Caloptilia cuculipennella 1c galls, etc. => Tables for all parasites per species Not included in…

Phillyrea host plants

…contrated tentiform mine: Caloptilia cucullipennella 5b you larvae live differently => 6 6a young larvae in a, usually communal, blotch; later they live in a leaf roll: Gracillaria syringella 6b young larvae make full depth corridors, or blotches, or a combination of the two; later they cause window feeding: Prays…

Forsythia host plants

Forsythia (For a dichotomous table for galls on Forsythia by Hans Roskam click here) Dichotomous table for leafminers 1a 1-2 cm corridor-like mines, larvae mostly dead already: Gracillaria syringella 1b fleck mine: Coleophora serratella 1c galls, etc => Tables for all parasites per species…

Forestiera host plants

Forestiera swampprivet Dichotomous table for leafminers 1a Opaque, flat blotch, usually with several larvae; older larve live free in a rolled leaf: Gracillaria syringella

Chionanthus host plants

Chionanthus fringetree Dichotomous table for leafminers 1a opaque, flat blotch, usually with several larvae; older larve live free in a rolled leaf: Gracillaria syringella 1b galls, etc. => Tables for all parasites per species…

Deutzia host plants

Deutzia Dichotomous table for leafminers 1a Opaque blotch with a number of small larvae; older larvae live free under a rolled leaf: Gracillaria syringella 1b gallen etc => Tabellen voor alle parasieten per soort…

Euonymus host plants

…free => 2 1c galls, etc => Tables for all parasites per species 2a blotch small, full depth; older larvae, often in large numbers, in a collective spinning: Yponomeuta cagnagella 2b blotch large, upper surface; free-living larvae in a rolled leaf: Gracillaria syringella Not included in the key: Scythropia crataegella….

Symphoricarpos host plants

…(mine almost a stellate blotch), grey; puparium light brown; frass in discrete grains: Chromatomyia periclymeni 8a the mine, quite large, makes the leaf roll lengthwise: Phyllonorycter emberizaepenella 8b mine much smaller, rolling the leaf transversely or obliquely: Phyllonorycter trifasciella Not included in the key: Aulagromyza flavoscutellata; Gracillaria syringella; Perittia herrichiella….

Diervilla host plants

Diervilla incl. Weigela, bush honeysuckle. Dichotomous table for leafminers 1a opaque blotch with a number of small larvae; older larve live free under a rolled leaf: Gracillaria syringella

Sambucus host plants

Sambucus Elder (For a dichotomous table for galls on Sambucus by Hans Roskam click here) Dichotomous table for leafminers 1acorridor, widening into an irregular upper-surface blotch: Liriomyza amoena 1b galls, etc. => Tables for all parasites per species Not included in the key: Gracillaria syringella….

genus Fraxinus host plant genus

…discrepans leaf gall Psyllidae Psyllopsis distinguenda leaf gall Psyllidae Psyllopsis dobreanuae leaf gall Psyllidae Psyllopsis fraxini leaf gall Psyllidae Psyllopsis fraxinicola leaf gall Psyllidae Psyllopsis meliphila leaf miner Agromyzidae Amauromyza fraxini leaf miner Agromyzidae Aulagromyza heringii leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora badiipennella leaf miner Gracillariidae Caloptilia cuculipennella leaf miner Gracillariidae Gracillaria

Fraxinus sogdiana host plant species

synonym: Fraxinus potamophila organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf down Erysiphales Phyllactinia fraxini leaf miner Gracillariidae Caloptilia cuculipennella leaf miner Gracillariidae Gracillaria syringella unknown unknown Gracillariidae Gracillaria loriolella…

Fraxinus excelsior host plant species

…generation Psyllidae Psyllopsis repens leaf miner Agromyzidae Aulagromyza heringii leaf miner Gracillariidae Caloptilia cuculipennella leaf miner Gracillariidae Gracillaria syringella leaf miner Yponomeutidae Prays fraxinella leaf pustule Chytridiales Synchytrium aureum leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Tegonotus collaris stem gall Diaspididae Chionaspis salicis stem gall Hypocreales Neonectria ditissima stem gall Pseudomonadales Pseudomonas savastanoi pv…

Ligustrum ibota host plant species

synonym: Ligustrum ciliatum organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf miner Gracillariidae Gracillaria syringella

Syringa komarowii host plant species

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Igutettix oculatus leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe syringae-japonicae leaf miner Gracillariidae Gracillaria syringella

Ligustrum ovalifolium host plant species

…Eriophyidae Aceria loewi leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe syringae leaf leaf spot Capnodiales thedgonia ligustrina leaf gall Aphididae Myzus ligustri leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora siccifolia leaf miner Gracillariidae Caloptilia cuculipennella leaf miner Gracillariidae Gracillaria syringella leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Puccinia isiacae leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aculus ligustri leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Shevtchenkella ligustri…

Ligustrum vulgare host plant species

…ligustrina leaf gall Aphididae Myzus ligustri leaf gall spring generation rarely Aphididae Prociphilus bumeliae leaf miner Gracillariidae Caloptilia cuculipennella leaf miner Gracillariidae Gracillaria syringella leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Puccinia isiacae leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aculus ligustri leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Shevtchenkella ligustri root gall Meloidogynidae Meloidogyne hapla stem gall Asterolecaniidae Planchonia arabidis…

Phillyrea latifolia host plant species

…Gelechiidae Thiotricha coleella fruit borer Rhynchitidae Rhodocyrtus cribripennis stem scale Coccidae Saissetia oleae leaf scale Aleyrodidae Aleurolobus olivinus leaf scale Aleyrodidae Simplaleurodes hemisphaerica stem vagrant spring generation rarely Aphididae Prociphilus oleae leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Braueriella phillyreae leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza phillyreae leaf miner Gracillariidae Gracillaria syringella leaf miner Gracillariidae Metriochroa…

Syringa emodi host plant species

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aceria saalasii leaf miner Gracillariidae Gracillaria syringella leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aceria petanovicae…

Syringa josikaea host plant species

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe syringae leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Igutettix oculatus leaf bud gall Eriophyidae Aceria loewi leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe syringae-japonicae leaf miner Gracillariidae Gracillaria syringella

Weigela florida host plant species

weigelia synonym: Diervilla florida organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Phaeoramularia weigelicola leaf vagrant Geometridae Apeira syringaria stem scale Coccidae Parthenolecanium corni leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis nasturtii leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Aphis nasturtii leaf miner Gracillariidae Gracillaria syringella

Syringa reticulata host plant species

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Igutettix oculatus leaf miner Gracillariidae Gracillaria syringella

Syringa tomentella subsp. sweginzowii host plant species

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe syringae-japonicae leaf miner Gracillariidae Gracillaria syringella

Syringa vulgaris host plant species

…Tenuipalpidae Cenopalpus pulcher leaf bud gall Eriophyidae Aceria loewi leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe syringae leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe syringae-japonicae leaf down Erysiphales Phyllactinia fraxini leaf gall spring generation rarely Aphididae Prociphilus bumeliae leaf miner Gracillariidae Caloptilia cuculipennella leaf miner Gracillariidae Gracillaria syringella leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aceria petanovicae leaf vagrant Eriophyidae…

Syringa x persica host plant species

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Igutettix oculatus fruit borer Tortricidae Eupoecilia ambiguella leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe syringae-japonicae leaf miner Gracillariidae Gracillaria syringella

Diervilla lonicera host plant species

synonym: Diervilla canadensis, humilis; Diervillea canadensis organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf miner Gracillariidae Gracillaria syringella

genus diervilla host plant genus

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf miner Gracillariidae Gracillaria syringella

genus Weigela host plant genus

…note taxonomic group parasite leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Phaeoramularia weigelicola leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Sciaphilus asperatus leaf vagrant Geometridae Apeira syringaria stem scale Coccidae Parthenolecanium corni leaf scale Coccidae Coccus hesperidum leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis nasturtii leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Aphis nasturtii leaf miner Gracillariidae Gracillaria syringella

Osmanthus x burkwoodii host plant species

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf gall Aphididae Prociphilus osmanthae leaf miner Gracillariidae Gracillaria syringella

August, 2021 news

new pictures Acleris schalleriana; Asphondylia menthae, sarothamni; Aulagromyza populi; Bremia stellata; Caloptilia stigmatella; Cercospora beticola; Contarinia fagi, ? melanocera; Coptotriche angusticollella; Corylobium avellanae; Dasineura rubella; Gracillaria syringella; Illinoia lambersi; Isochnus sequensi; Lymantria dispar; cf Massalongia rubra; Melampsora laricis-populina; Orchestes rusci; Patchiella reaumuri; Phytoecia cylindrica; Peronospora polygoni-convolvuli, rubi; Plasmopara muralis; Puccinia…

Jasminum nudiflorum host plant species

winter jasmine organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf miner Gracillariidae Gracillaria syringella

Fraxinus latifolia host plant species

synonym: Fraxinus oregona organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf vagrant Miridae Tropidosteptes pacificus leaf scale Aleyrodidae Siphoninus phillyreae leaf hidden Yponomeutidae Zelleria hepariella leaf miner Gracillariidae Caloptilia cuculipennella leaf miner Gracillariidae Gracillaria syringella

Fraxinus quadrangulata host plant species

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf miner Gracillariidae Caloptilia cuculipennella leaf miner Gracillariidae Gracillaria syringella

genus Phillyrea host plant genus

…generation rarely Aphididae Prociphilus oleae fruit gall Cecidomyiidae Probruggmanniella phillyreae leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Braueriella phillyreae leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza phillyreae leaf miner Gracillariidae Caloptilia cuculipennella leaf miner Gracillariidae Gracillaria syringella leaf miner Gracillariidae Metriochroa latifoliella leaf miner Tenthredinidae Silliana lhommei leaf miner Yponomeutidae Prays oleae leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia…

September, 2016 news

…dipsacearum, subulifex; Epermenia chaerophyllella; Erysiphe euonymi, flexuosa, ornata, penicillata, pisi var. pisi, prunastri, ulmi var. ulmi, vanbruntiana; Golovinomyces biocellatus; Gracillaria syringella; Lasioptera rubi; Melampsora populnea; Metallus pumilus; Neuroterus anthracinus; Parornix carpinella, scoticella; Pediaspis aceris; Peronospora chenopodii-polyspermi; Phyllactinia betulae; Phyllonorycter acerifoliella, schreberella; Phytomyza agromyzina, origani, ranunculi, tetrasticha; Plasmopara viticola; Podosphaera plantaginis;…

genus Chionanthus host plant genus

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe syringae leaf down Erysiphales Phyllactinia fraxini leaf miner Gracillariidae Gracillaria syringella

genus Deutzia host plant genus

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite stem scale Coccidae Ceroplastes ceriferus leaf miner doubtful Gracillariidae Gracillaria syringella leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe deutziae leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae…

Fraxinus ornus host plant species

…Psyllidae Psyllopsis discrepans leaf gall Psyllidae Psyllopsis fraxini leaf gall Psyllidae Psyllopsis meliphila leaf gall spring generation Psyllidae Psyllopsis repens leaf miner Gracillariidae Caloptilia cuculipennella stem vagrant Eriococcidae Pseudochermes fraxini leaf miner Gracillariidae Gracillaria syringella leaf miner Nepticulidae Etainia obtusa leaf miner Yponomeutidae Prays fraxinella leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Tegonotus collaris…

genus Forsythia host plant genus

…forsythiae stem borer Psilidae Chyliza leptogaster leaf down rarely Erysiphales Podosphaera pannosa leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora serratella leaf miner Gracillariidae Gracillaria syringella stem gall Rhizobiales Agrobacterium tumefaciens root collar gall Actinomycetales Rhodococcus fascians root gall Meloidogynidae Meloidogyne hapla leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae leaf vagrant Aphididae Macrosiphum euphorbiae…

genus Jasminum host plant genus

…hidden Crambidae Palpita vitrealis leaf scale Coccidae Pulvinaria floccifera stem scale Diaspididae Pseudaulacaspis pentagona systemic scale Diaspididae Parlatoria pergandii systemic scale Diaspididae Parlatoria oleae leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae leaf miner Gracillariidae Caloptilia cuculipennella leaf miner Gracillariidae Gracillaria syringella leaf pustule telia Pucciniales Puccinia jasmini unknown unknown Yponomeutidae…

genus Ligustrum host plant genus

…leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Thedgonia ligustrina leaf gall spring generation rarely Aphididae Prociphilus bumeliae leaf gall Aphididae Myzus ligustri leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora siccifolia leaf miner Gracillariidae Caloptilia cuculipennella leaf miner Gracillariidae Gracillaria syringella leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Puccinia isiacae leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Shevtchenkella ligustri leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aculus ligustri…

genus Osmanthus host plant genus

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf gall Aphididae Prociphilus osmanthae leaf miner Gracillariidae Gracillaria syringella unknown unknown Psyllidae Euphyllura phillyreae…

genus Forestiera host plant genus

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf miner Gracillariidae Gracillaria syringella

genus Syringa host plant genus

…down Erysiphales Phyllactinia fraxini leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Cladosporium syringicola leaf gall spring generation rarely Aphididae Prociphilus bumeliae leaf miner Gracillariidae Caloptilia cuculipennella leaf miner Gracillariidae Gracillaria syringella leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Puccinia isiacae leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Tetra balasi leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Tetraspinus lentus leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aceria petanovicae leaf…

Forestiera acuminata host plant species

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf miner Gracillariidae Gracillaria syringella

Forsythia suspensa host plant species

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf hidden Tortricidae Adoxophyes orana leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Tetra forsythiae leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aceria forsythiae leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Eriophyes forsythiae leaf miner Gracillariidae Gracillaria syringella leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae leaf vagrant Aphididae Macrosiphum euphorbiae…

Forsythia viridissima host plant species

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae leaf miner Gracillariidae Gracillaria syringella

Forsythia x intermedia host plant species

…scale Diaspididae Diaspidiotus uvae leaf vagrant Aphididae Aphis gossypii leaf vagrant Aphididae Macrosiphum euphorbiae leaf vagrant Aphididae Myzus ornatus stem scale Diaspididae Pseudaulacaspis pentagona stem borer Psilidae Chyliza leptogaster leaf miner Gracillariidae Gracillaria syringella stem gall Rhizobiales Agrobacterium tumefaciens root collar gall Actinomycetales Rhodococcus fascians root gall Meloidogynidae Meloidogyne hapla…

Fraxinus americana host plant species

…leaf spot Dothideomycetes Asteromella maculiformis stem scale Coccidae Filippia follicularis leaf hidden Crambidae Palpita vitrealis stem scale Diaspididae Pseudaulacaspis pentagona fruit gall Curculionidae Lignyodes bischoffi flower gall Eriophyidae Aceria fraxinivora leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura acrophila leaf miner Gracillariidae Caloptilia cuculipennella leaf miner Gracillariidae Gracillaria syringella stem scale Coccidae Parthenolecanium corni…

Fraxinus angustifolia subsp. oxycarpa host plant species

…Cecidomyiidae Dasineura fraxinea leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura fraxini leaf gall Eriophyidae Aculus epiphyllus leaf gall Psyllidae Psyllopsis distinguenda leaf gall Psyllidae Psyllopsis fraxini leaf vagrant Psyllidae Psyllopsis fraxinicola leaf gall spring generation Psyllidae Psyllopsis repens leaf miner Agromyzidae Amauromyza fraxini leaf miner Gracillariidae Caloptilia cuculipennella leaf miner Gracillariidae Gracillaria syringella

Fraxinus anomala host plant species

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf miner Gracillariidae Caloptilia cuculipennella leaf miner Gracillariidae Gracillaria syringella

Chionanthus virginicus host plant species

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe syringae leaf down Erysiphales Phyllactinia fraxini leaf miner Gracillariidae Gracillaria syringella

Fraxinus nigra host plant species

synonym: Fraxinus sambucifolia organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf down Erysiphales Phyllactinia fraxini leaf miner Gracillariidae Caloptilia cuculipennella leaf miner Gracillariidae Gracillaria syringella