Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Pancalia schwarzella parasite

Pancalia schwarzella (Fabricius, 1798) scarce violet cosmet on violets parasite The young larvae bore in the petioles. Later they live in a web on the runners and roots. host plants Violaceae, monophagous Viola calaminaria, canina, hirta, tricolor & subsp. curtisii. synonyms Pancalia latreillella (Curtis, 1830). references Baldizzone (2008a), Emmet &…

Pancalia nodosella parasite

…June, July. BENELUX BE recorded (De Prins, 1998a). NE recorded Koster (1991a). LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2014). distribution within Europe from Germany to Iberia, and from France to the Ukraine (Fauna Europaea, 2014). notes The related Pancalia leeuwenhoekella (Linnaeus), possibly also P. schwarzella (Fabricius) bore in the petiole, later…

Viola hirta host plant species

…Cosmopterigidae Pancalia schwarzella leaf borer younger larva Cosmopterigidae Pancalia schwarzella root vagrant older larva Cosmopterigidae Pancalia leeuwenhoekella leaf borer younger larva Cosmopterigidae Pancalia leeuwenhoekella root collar vagrant Aphididae Aphis violae leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura affinis leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura violahirtae leaf pustule Chytridiales Synchytrium aureum leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia…

Viola tricolor host plant species

…older larva Cosmopterigidae Pancalia schwarzella leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Ametastegia glabrata leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Ametastegia pallipes stem borer Crambidae Heliothela wulfeniana flower hidden Thripidae Frankliniella intonsa root vagrant older larva Cosmopterigidae Pancalia leeuwenhoekella leaf borer younger larva Cosmopterigidae Pancalia leeuwenhoekella leaf miner Curculionidae Orthochaetes setiger leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Ramularia agrestis…

Viola tricolor subsp. curtisii host plant species

synonym: Viola curtisii organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf borer younger larva Cosmopterigidae Pancalia schwarzella root hidden older larva Cosmopterigidae Pancalia schwarzella leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Issoria lathonia leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Argynnis niobe stem borer Crambidae Heliothela wulfeniana leaf miner Cosmopterigidae Pancalia nodosella leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia…

genus Viola host plant genus

…Nymphalidae Argynnis niobe leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Argynnis adippe leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Argynnis pandora leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Argynnis elisa root collar borer Curculionidae Leiosoma cribrum leaf vagrant adult Cixiidae Reptalus cuspidatus flower hidden Thripidae Taeniothrips picipes leaf borer younger larva Cosmopterigidae Pancalia schwarzella leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Ametastegia pallipes leaf hidden Pyralidae…

Viola canina host plant species

…adippe leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Tenthredo notha leaf borer younger larva Cosmopterigidae Pancalia schwarzella leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Ametastegia pallipes leaf miner Cosmopterigidae Pancalia nodosella root vagrant older larva Cosmopterigidae Pancalia leeuwenhoekella leaf borer younger larva Cosmopterigidae Pancalia leeuwenhoekella leaf miner Curculionidae Orthochaetes setiger leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Cercospora violae leaf gall…

Viola calaminaria host plant species

synonym: Viola lutea subsp. calaminaria organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf borer younger larva Cosmopterigidae Pancalia schwarzella root hidden older larva Cosmopterigidae Pancalia schwarzella leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Issoria lathonia leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura violae leaf gall Eriophyidae Cecidophyes violae…