Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Parornix anglicella parasite

Parornix anglicella (Stainton, 1850) hawthorn slender Crataegus monogya, Nieuwendam; upperside and underside Crataegus monogya, Ede; the mine begins at an iridescent egg shell, followed by a fine lower-surface epidermal corridor Mespilus germanica, België, Luik; © Jean-Yves Baugnée Sorbus latifolia, Belgium, Liège, Coteaux de la Citadelle – identification “cf” © Jean-Yves…

Parornix anglicella larva parasite

Parornix anglicella Mespilus germanica, Belgium, Liège: free living larva; © Jean-Yves Baugnée detail, ventral view Crataegus monogyna, Fortmond; free living larva head and pronotum 14/10/2013…

Cotoneaster host plants

…Phyllonorycter sorbi 7a older larva in a leaf tip, rolled into a cone: Parornix anglicella 7b older larva under a folded leaf marging or a fold, in the middle under a leaf, covered with silk: Parornix scoticella 8a small drop- or pear-shaped blotch, for a great part filled with frass:…

Sorbus host plants

…fresh mine yellow green to whitish; pupation in the mine => 12 11a older larvae live in a leaf segment, rolled into a cone: Parornix anglicella 11b older larvae under a down-folded leaf margin or in a silk-covered leaf fold: Parornix scoticella 12a mine with some sharp folds; common species:…

Crataegus host plants

…wrinkled but not strongly folded; mine roundish, in a leaf lobe: Parornix anglicella 4b lower epidermis yellow-green, strongly folded; mine elongated along the leaf margin or between two veins => 5 5a pupa grey-brown, without, or in a very thin, yellow cocoon (very common on Hawthorn): Phyllonorycter oxyacanthae 5b pupa…

Mespilus host plants

…all parasites per species 2a miune upper-surface, silvery (brown in the end): Phyllonorycter corylifoliella 2b mine lower-surface => 3 3a lower epidermis brownish, wrinkeld but not strongly folded; mine at the leaf margin: Parornix anglicella 3b lower epidermis yellow-green, with some strong folds; mine elongated, between two veins or along…

Amelanchier host plants

…cydoniella 15b the bases of the inner pair partly overlap with the bases of the outer pair: Phyllonorycter blancardella 16a mine 14-16 mm long: Phyllonorycter deschkai 16b mine 20-32 mm long: Phyllonorycter mespilella Not included in the key: Callisto pfaffenzelleri; Caloptilia spec.; Coleophora trigeminella; Parornix anglicella, Parornix ornatella; Stigmella torminalis….

Fragaria host plants

…mouth angle 20°-30°: Coleophora potentillae 10a larva: pinacula colourless (the bases of the setae themselves are black) : Cnephasia incertana 10b pinacula black => 11 11a larva: behind/below the anus a chitinous comb: Cnephasia asseclana 11b anal comb absent: Cnephasia stephensiana Not included in the key: Parornix anglicella; Tinagma perdicella….

genus Sorbus host plant genus

…Coleophoridae Coleophora trigeminella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora violacea leaf miner Curculionidae Rhamphus oxyacanthae leaf miner Gelechiidae Recurvaria nanella leaf miner Gracillariidae Callisto pfaffenzelleri leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix anglicella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix anguliferella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix scoticella leaf miner doubtful Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter cerisolella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter corylifoliella leaf…

Amelanchier ovalis host plant species

…Eriophyes pyri leaf gall Psyllidae Cacopsylla breviantennata leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora serratella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora trigeminella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix anglicella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix anguliferella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix ornatella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter deschkai leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter mespilella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera malifoliella leaf miner Nepticulidae…

genus Amelanchier host plant genus

…Gelechiidae Recurvaria nanella leaf miner Gracillariidae Callisto pfaffenzelleri leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix anglicella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix anguliferella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix ornatella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter deschkai leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter mespilella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera malifoliella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella hybnerella leaf miner…

Sorbus aucuparia host plant species

…currucipennella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora hemerobiella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora prunifoliae leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora siccifolia leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora serratella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora spinella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora trigeminella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix anglicella leaf miner main Gracillariidae Parornix scoticella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter corylifoliella leaf miner Gracillariidae…

Crataegus flava host plant species

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix anglicella

Crataegus pentagyna host plant species

synonym: Crataegus klokovii, melanocarpa; Mespilus pentagyna organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf down Erysiphales Phyllactinia mali leaf down Erysiphales Podosphaera clandestina leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix anglicella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter oxyacanthae leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella crataegella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella hybnerella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella oxyacanthella leaf…

genus Crataegus host plant genus

…leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix anglicella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter corylifoliella leaf miner rarely Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter leucographella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter macedonica leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter mespilella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter oxyacanthae leaf miner rarely Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter sorbi leaf miner Incurvariidae Incurvaria masculella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera malifoliella leaf miner Lyonetiidae…

Crataegus coccinea host plant species

pear-fruited cockspurthorn synonym: Crataegus pedicellata; Mespilus coccinea (L.) Marshall, Houard organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf scale Aleyrodidae Asterobemisia carpini leaf vagrant spring generation Aphididae Rhopalosiphum oxyacanthae leaf down Erysiphales Podosphaera clandestina leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura crataegi leaf gall Psyllidae Cacopsylla crataegi leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix anglicella

Crataegus douglasii host plant species

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf miner Bucculatricidae Bucculatrix bechsteinella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix anglicella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella oxyacanthella…

Crataegus heldreichii host plant species

synonym: Mespilus heldreichii organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix anglicella

Crataegus laciniata host plant species

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf vagrant Noctuidae Amphipyra berbera leaf down Erysiphales Phyllactinia mali leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix anglicella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter macedonica leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella crataegella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella oxyacanthella leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Gymnosporangium confusum…

Crataegus laevigata host plant species

…Curculionidae Rhamphus subaeneus leaf miner Gelechiidae Recurvaria nanella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix anglicella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter corylifoliella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia atricollis leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella crataegella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella hybnerella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella oxyacanthella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella paradoxa leaf miner…

Crataegus monogyna host plant species

Parornix anglicella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter corylifoliella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter oxyacanthae leaf miner rarely Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter sorbi leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera malifoliella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia prunifoliella leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia atricollis leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella crataegella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella hybnerella leaf miner…

Crataegus mollis host plant species

synonym: Crataegus cibaria, subvillosa organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf scale Aleyrodidae Siphoninus phillyreae stem borer Buprestidae Agrilus sinuatus leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix anglicella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella…

Crataegus rivularis host plant species

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix anglicella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter oxyacanthae leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella crataegella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella oxyacanthella…

Crataemespilus grandiflora host plant species

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix anglicella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella crataegella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella oxyacanthella…

genus Fragaria host plant genus

…Coleophora flavipennella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora gryphipennella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora potentillae leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora violacea leaf miner doubtful Douglasiidae Tinagma perdicella leaf vagrant Aphididae Myzus ascalonicus leaf vagrant Aphididae Aulacorthum circumflexum leaf vagrant Aphididae Aulacorthum solani leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix anglicella leaf miner main Incurvariidae Incurvaria praelatella leaf…

Crataegus spathulata host plant species

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix anglicella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella crataegella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella oxyacanthella…

Mespilus germanica host plant species

…leaf miner Gelechiidae Recurvaria nanella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix anglicella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter corylifoliella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter mespilella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter oxyacanthae leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera malifoliella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia prunifoliella leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia atricollis leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella oxyacanthella…

genus Mespilus host plant genus

…Coleophora violacea leaf miner Curculionidae Rhamphus oxyacanthae leaf miner Gelechiidae Recurvaria nanella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix anglicella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter anceps leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter corylifoliella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter mespilella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter oxyacanthae leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera malifoliella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella leaf miner Lyonetiidae…

Crataemespilus dardari host plant species

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix anglicella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella oxyacanthella…

Crataegus x lavallei host plant species

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf leaf spot Dothideomycetes Asteromella vulgaris leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix anglicella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella oxyacanthella leaf gall Aphididae Aphis pomi…

Crataegus x hiemalis host plant species

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix anglicella