Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Parornix betulae parasite

Parornix betulae (Stainton, 1854) brown birch slender Betula pendula, België, prov. Namur, Doische, Fond; unusual concentration of mines © Steve Wullaert opened mine Betula pubescens, Borne; two mines and a folded leaf margin vacated mine Betula pubescens, Posbank, underside mine The mine begins as an inconspicuous lower surface corridor, mainly…

Parornix loganella parasite

Parornix loganella (Stainton, 1848) northern slender mine The mine, larva and pupa cannot be distinguised from those of Parornix betulae. hostplants Betulaceae, monophagous Betula pubescens. phenology Larvae in July – August (Emmet ao, 1985a). distribution within Europe From Fennoscandia and northern Russia to the British Isles, Denmark, and the Baltic…

Parornix betulae larva parasite

Parornix betulae Betula pubescens, Borne abdominal prolegs lateral and ventral thorax and abdominal proleg The for black marks on the pronotum distinguish the larva from the one of Caloptilia betulicola. 13.ix.2009…

genus Betula host plant genus

…miner Eriocraniidae Eriocrania salopiella leaf miner Eriocraniidae Eriocrania sangii leaf miner Eriocraniidae Eriocrania semipurpurella leaf miner Eriocraniidae Eriocrania sparrmannella leaf miner Eriocraniidae Heringocrania unimaculella leaf miner Gracillariidae Caloptilia betulicola leaf miner main Gracillariidae Caloptilia populetorum leaf miner doubtful Gracillariidae Caloptilia suberinella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix betulae leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix

Betula pendula host plant species

…larva Curculionidae Curculio rubidus leaf gall larva Rhynchitidae Byctiscus betulae leaf gall larva main Rhynchitidae Deporaus betulae stem gall Prodoxidae Lampronia fuscatella leaf gall larva Attelabidae Apoderus coryli leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Pristiphora testacea stem scale Diaspididae Lepidosaphes ulmi stem gall Tortricidae Epinotia tetraquetrana stem borer main Sesiidae Synanthedon culiciformis stem…

Betula pubescens host plant species

…Eriocrania semipurpurella leaf miner Eriocraniidae Eriocrania sparrmannella leaf miner Eriocraniidae Heringocrania unimaculella leaf miner Gracillariidae Caloptilia betulicola leaf miner Gracillariidae Caloptilia populetorum leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix betulae leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix loganella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix traugotti leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter anderidae leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter cavella leaf miner Gracillariidae…

Betula host plants

Betula birch (For a dichotomous table for galls on Betula by Hans Roskam click here) Dichotomous table for leafminers 1a mine ends in a round or oval excision => 2 1b blotch without a preceding corridor (or this corridor < 3 mm) => 6 1c blotch preceded by a corridor…

Betula nana host plant species

…Pristiphora borea leaf miner younger larva Adelidae Nemophora bellela flower borer larva Curculionidae Coeliodinus phrymos flower borer larva Curculionidae Coeliodinus nigritarsis stem vagrant Psyllidae Psylla betulaenanae leaf gall Aphididae Calaphis betulicola fruit gall Cecidomyiidae Semudobia betulae leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe ornata leaf down Erysiphales Phyllactinia betulae leaf gall Aphididae Hamamelistes…

genus Prunus host plant genus

…leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora spinella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora trigeminella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora violacea leaf miner Curculionidae Rhamphus oxyacanthae leaf miner Gelechiidae Recurvaria nanella leaf miner Gracillariidae Callisto insperatella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix anguliferella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix atripalpella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix finitimella leaf miner rarely Gracillariidae Parornix

Betula humilis host plant species

…leaf vagrant Argidae Arge dimidiata leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Pristiphora testacea leaf gall Eriophyidae Acalitus longisetosus leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe ornata leaf down Erysiphales Phyllactinia betulae leaf gall Eriophyidae Acalitus rudis leaf miner Curculionidae Orchestes rusci leaf miner Eriocraniidae Eriocrania sparrmannella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix betulae leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix traugotti…

Caloptilia betulicola parasite

…Russia to the Pyrenees and Alps, and from Ireland to Poland and Slovakia (Fauna Europaea, 2008); also Iberia (A & Z Laštůvka, 2014a). larva Whitish with pale brown head; pronotum without black spots (contrary to Parornix betulae). pupa See Patočka & Zach (1995a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), in a shiny,…

Betula papyrifera host plant species

synonym: Betula papyracea organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Pristiphora cadma leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix betulae leaf miner Tenthredinidae Profenusa thomsoni leaf miner Tenthredinidae Scolioneura betuleti leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Melampsoridium betulinum stem vagrant Aphididae Glyphina betulae stem vagrant Aphididae Clethrobius comes…

Prunus spinosa host plant species

…Coleophoridae Coleophora spinella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora trigeminella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora violacea leaf miner Curculionidae Rhamphus oxyacanthae leaf miner Gelechiidae Recurvaria nanella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix anguliferella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix atripalpella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix finitimella leaf miner main Gracillariidae Parornix torquillella leaf miner rarely Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter cerasicolella…

Betula utilis host plant species

synonym: Betula jacquemontii organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Euura viridis leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix betulae leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella sakhalinella leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Melampsoridium betulinum…

Betula alleghaniensis host plant species

synonym: Betula lutea organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora siccifolia leaf miner Eriocraniidae Eriocrania sparrmannella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix betulae leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella betulicola leaf miner Tenthredinidae Profenusa thomsoni leaf miner Tenthredinidae Scolioneura betuleti…

Betula grossa host plant species

synonym: Betula ulmifolia organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix betulae leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter ulmifoliella leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia occultella…

Prunus avium host plant species

…Coleophora spinella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora trigeminella leaf miner Curculionidae Rhamphus oxyacanthae leaf miner Gelechiidae Recurvaria nanella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix anguliferella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix finitimella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter corylifoliella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter hostis leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter sorbi leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera malifoliella leaf miner Lyonetiidae…

Betula obscura host plant species

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix betulae leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia occultella leaf miner Tenthredinidae Fenusella nana leaf miner Tenthredinidae Scolioneura betuleti…

genus Sorbus host plant genus

…Coleophoridae Coleophora trigeminella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora violacea leaf miner Curculionidae Rhamphus oxyacanthae leaf miner Gelechiidae Recurvaria nanella leaf miner Gracillariidae Callisto pfaffenzelleri leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix anglicella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix anguliferella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix scoticella leaf miner doubtful Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter cerisolella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter corylifoliella leaf…

Fagus sylvatica host plant species

…vagrant Diptilomiopidae Rhyncaphytoptus gracilipes inquiline Eriophyidae Epitrimerus fagi leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Acaphyllisa fagi leaf vagrant Diptilomiopidae Cheiracus ornatus leaf leaf spot main Dothideales Pseudodidymella fagi fruit borer Tortricidae Cydia amplana leaf gall larva main Rhynchitidae Byctiscus betulae leaf gall larva Rhynchitidae Deporaus betulae leaf gall larva Attelabidae Apoderus coryli stem…

genus Corylus host plant genus

…albiceps bud borer larva Curculionidae Coeliodes ruber leaf gall larva Rhynchitidae Byctiscus betulae leaf miner larva Rhynchitidae Caenorhinus mannerheimii leaf gall larva Rhynchitidae Deporaus betulae leaf miner Prodoxidae Lampronia intermediella leaf gall larva main Attelabidae Apoderus coryli leaf scale Aleyrodidae Pealius quercus leaf scale Aleyrodidae Trialeurodes vaporariorum leaf scale Aleyrodidae…

Corylus avellana host plant species

…borer Tortricidae Cydia amplana leaf bud borer Gelechiidae Parachronistis albiceps bud borer larva Curculionidae Coeliodes ruber leaf gall larva Rhynchitidae Deporaus betulae leaf gall larva Rhynchitidae Byctiscus betulae leaf miner larva Rhynchitidae Caenorhinus mannerheimii leaf gall larva main Attelabidae Apoderus coryli leaf scale Aleyrodidae Pealius quercus leaf scale Aleyrodidae Trialeurodes…

genus Fagus host plant genus

…fagifoliae leaf vagrant Diptilomiopidae Rhyncaphytoptus gracilipes inquiline Eriophyidae Epitrimerus fagi leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Acaphyllisa fagi leaf vagrant Diptilomiopidae Cheiracus ornatus leaf leaf spot main Dothideales Pseudodidymella fagi fruit borer Tortricidae Cydia amplana leaf gall larva main Rhynchitidae Byctiscus betulae leaf gall larva Rhynchitidae Deporaus betulae leaf gall larva Attelabidae Apoderus…

genus Carpinus host plant genus

…avellanella leaf hidden Gelechiidae Teleiodes wagae leaf hidden Tortricidae Lobesia reliquana leaf hidden Gelechiidae Teleiodes luculella leaf gall larva Rhynchitidae Deporaus betulae leaf hidden Ypsolophidae Ypsolopha parenthesella leaf hidden Crambidae Agrotera nemoralis leaf hidden Tortricidae Spilonota ocellana leaf hidden Tortricidae Clepsis consimilana leaf hidden Tortricidae Pandemis corylana leaf hidden Tortricidae…

Prunus domestica subsp. insititia host plant species

…oxyacanthae leaf miner Gelechiidae Recurvaria nanella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix finitimella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix torquillella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter spinicolella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera malifoliella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia atricollis leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia mahalebella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella plagicolella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella…

Prunus domestica host plant species

…leaf miner Gelechiidae Recurvaria nanella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix finitimella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix torquillella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter spinicolella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera malifoliella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella leaf miner doubtful Nepticulidae Bohemannia pulverosella leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia mahalebella leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia spinosella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella…

genus Malus host plant genus

…Coleophora spinella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora trigeminella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora violacea leaf miner Curculionidae Rhamphus oxyacanthae leaf miner Gelechiidae Recurvaria nanella leaf miner Gracillariidae Callisto denticulella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix petiolella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix scoticella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter anceps leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter blancardella leaf miner rarely…

Prunus armeniaca host plant species

…phillyreae Margarodidae Gueriniella serratulae stem scale Coccidae Saissetia oleae stem scale Coccidae Ceroplastes japonicus leaf vagrant Erebidae Ophiusa tirhaca stem borer Cossidae Zeuzera pyrina leaf gall Aphididae Myzus mumecola leaf vagrant Geometridae Operophtera brumata leaf vagrant Papilionidae Iphiclides feisthamelii leaf vagrant Lycaenidae Thecla betulae leaf vagrant Zygaenidae Aglaope infausta leaf…

genus Crataegus host plant genus

…Yponomeutidae Paraswammerdamia albicapitella leaf bud gall larva Curculionidae Anthonomus chevrolati flower borer larva Curculionidae Anthonomus sorbi leaf gall larva doubtful Rhynchitidae Byctiscus betulae stem borer larva Rhynchitidae Involvulus cupreus stem borer larva Rhynchitidae Rhynchites caeruleus fruit borer larva rarely Rhynchitidae Rhynchites auratus fruit borer larva Rhynchitidae Rhynchites bacchus fruit borer…

September, 2016 news

…dipsacearum, subulifex; Epermenia chaerophyllella; Erysiphe euonymi, flexuosa, ornata, penicillata, pisi var. pisi, prunastri, ulmi var. ulmi, vanbruntiana; Golovinomyces biocellatus; Gracillaria syringella; Lasioptera rubi; Melampsora populnea; Metallus pumilus; Neuroterus anthracinus; Parornix carpinella, scoticella; Pediaspis aceris; Peronospora chenopodii-polyspermi; Phyllactinia betulae; Phyllonorycter acerifoliella, schreberella; Phytomyza agromyzina, origani, ranunculi, tetrasticha; Plasmopara viticola; Podosphaera plantaginis;…

Carpinus betulus host plant species

…leaf hidden Gelechiidae Teleiodes wagae leaf hidden Tortricidae Lobesia reliquana leaf hidden Gelechiidae Teleiodes luculella leaf gall larva Rhynchitidae Deporaus betulae leaf hidden Ypsolophidae Ypsolopha parenthesella leaf hidden Crambidae Agrotera nemoralis leaf hidden Tortricidae Clepsis consimilana leaf hidden Tortricidae Pandemis corylana leaf hidden Tortricidae Pandemis cerasana stem gall Hypocreales Neonectria…

genus Acer host plant genus

…fruit borer larva Curculionidae Bradybatus fallax fruit borer larva Curculionidae Bradybatus elongatulus fruit borer larva Curculionidae Bradybatus seriesetosus fruit borer larva Curculionidae Bradybatus creutzeri fruit borer larva Curculionidae Bradybatus kellneri leaf gall larva Rhynchitidae Byctiscus betulae leaf gall larva Rhynchitidae Chonostropheus tristis leaf gall larva Rhynchitidae Chonostropheus seminiger leaf miner…

genus Cydonia host plant genus

…Spilonota ocellana fruit borer Tortricidae Cydia pomonella leaf hidden Tortricidae Adoxophyes orana leaf hidden Tortricidae Acleris variegana stem borer Tortricidae Enarmonia formosana leaf vagrant Tortricidae Acleris holmiana leaf vagrant Tenuipalpidae Brevipalpus obovatus systemic vagrant Tenuipalpidae Cenopalpus lanceolatisetae leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Gymnosporangium asiaticum leaf gall larva Rhynchitidae Byctiscus betulae stem…

Prunus padus host plant species

…Chloroclysta siterata leaf hidden Geometridae Pasiphila rectangulata leaf vagrant Geometridae Plemyria rubiginata leaf vagrant Geometridae Operophtera brumata flower vagrant Geometridae Pasiphila rectangulata leaf vagrant Geometridae Eupithecia insigniata leaf vagrant Pieridae Aporia crataegi leaf vagrant Lycaenidae Thecla betulae leaf vagrant Lycaenidae Satyrium pruni leaf vagrant rarely Geometridae Ligdia adustata leaf vagrant…

Pyrus communis host plant species

…doubtful Pucciniales Gymnosporangium asiaticum stem borer spring generation rarely Gelechiidae Anarsia lineatella fruit borer summer generation Gelechiidae Anarsia lineatella leaf bud borer larva Curculionidae Anthonomus kirschi leaf gall larva Rhynchitidae Byctiscus betulae leaf miner Rhynchitidae Neocoenorrhinus pauxillus leaf scale Aleyrodidae Siphoninus phillyreae leaf vagrant spring generation doubtful Aphididae Rhopalosiphum nymphaeae…

genus Pyrus host plant genus

…bud borer larva Curculionidae Anthonomus kirschi stem borer larva Rhynchitidae Rhynchites caeruleus fruit borer larva rarely Rhynchitidae Rhynchites auratus fruit borer larva Rhynchitidae Rhynchites bacchus leaf gall larva Rhynchitidae Byctiscus betulae fruit borer larva Rhynchitidae Tatianaerhynchites aequatus leaf gall larva rarely Attelabidae Apoderus coryli leaf miner Rhynchitidae Neocoenorrhinus pauxillus leaf…

June, 2018 host plants, news

…Contarinia petioli; Dasineura ranunculi; ? Digitivalva arnicella; Dryocosmus kuriphilus; Eriophyes alniincanae; Erysiphe euonymicola; Gilletteella cooleyi; Harmandiola globuli; Heterarthrus wuestneii; Liriomyza valerianae; Macrodiplosis roboris; Meconema thalassinum; Monochetus sulcatus; Parornix torquillella; Passalora circumscissa; Pegomya laticornis; Peronospora cf. arborescens, erodii, pulveracea; Phytomyza elsae, lappae; Phorodon humuli; Phyllonorycter acerifoliella; Profenusa pygmaea; Pseudorchestes pratensis; Puccinia…

Cydonia oblonga host plant species

…Tortricidae Acleris rhombana fruit borer Tortricidae Cydia pomonella leaf hidden Tortricidae Adoxophyes orana leaf vagrant Tenuipalpidae Brevipalpus obovatus systemic vagrant Tenuipalpidae Cenopalpus lanceolatisetae leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Gymnosporangium asiaticum leaf gall larva Rhynchitidae Byctiscus betulae leaf miner Rhynchitidae Neocoenorrhinus pauxillus stem borer Sesiidae Synanthedon myopaeformis fruit borer Tephritidae Ceratitis capitata…