Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Parornix scoticella parasite

Parornix scoticella (Stainton, 1850) rowan slender Malus domestica, Belgium, prov. Namur, Couvin, Boussu-en-Fagne © Stéphane Claerebout larva Sorbus torminalis, Belgium, prov. Namur, Philippeville, Fagnolles © Stéphane Claerebout detail Sorbus aucuparia, Reusel: surface of the mine cocoon mine The mine begins with a lower-surface epidermal corridor, but soon the larva starts…

Parornix scoticella larva parasite

Sorbus aucuparia, Reusel: very young larva The older, although still mining, larva shows the 2+2 spots on the pronotum that are characteristic for Parornix….

Sorbus host plants

…fresh mine yellow green to whitish; pupation in the mine => 12 11a older larvae live in a leaf segment, rolled into a cone: Parornix anglicella 11b older larvae under a down-folded leaf margin or in a silk-covered leaf fold: Parornix scoticella 12a mine with some sharp folds; common species:…

Cotoneaster host plants

…Phyllonorycter sorbi 7a older larva in a leaf tip, rolled into a cone: Parornix anglicella 7b older larva under a folded leaf marging or a fold, in the middle under a leaf, covered with silk: Parornix scoticella 8a small drop- or pear-shaped blotch, for a great part filled with frass:…

Malus host plants

…May: Yponomeuta malinellus 12b mine in autumn => 13 13a larva with black head and brownish ; larvae later live free in a communal web: Scythropia crataegella 13b larva with brown head and a whitish ; larva later lives free under a folded leaf margin: Parornix scoticella 14a mine ca…

Dryas host plants

…initial corridor is at all visible, it does not run along the leaf margin; the older larve lives free in a leaf that is spun into a pod: Parornix alpicola * * see also Parornix scoticella. Not included in the key: Stigmella tatrica (biology unknown, host plant not quite certain)….

genus Sorbus host plant genus

…trigeminella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora violacea leaf miner Curculionidae Rhamphus oxyacanthae leaf miner Gelechiidae Recurvaria nanella leaf miner Gracillariidae Callisto pfaffenzelleri leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix anglicella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix anguliferella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix scoticella leaf miner doubtful Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter cerisolella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter corylifoliella leaf miner Gracillariidae…

genus Malus host plant genus

…Coleophoridae Coleophora siccifolia leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora spinella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora trigeminella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora violacea leaf miner Curculionidae Rhamphus oxyacanthae leaf miner Gelechiidae Recurvaria nanella leaf miner Gracillariidae Callisto denticulella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix petiolella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix scoticella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter anceps leaf miner…

genus Cotoneaster host plant genus

…rarely Gracillariidae Callisto denticulella leaf miner Gracillariidae Callisto pfaffenzelleri leaf miner rarely Gracillariidae Parornix devoniella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix scoticella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter corylifoliella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter deschkai leaf miner rarely Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter leucographella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter mespilella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter sorbi leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera…

Sorbus aucuparia host plant species

…Coleophoridae Coleophora trigeminella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix anglicella leaf miner main Gracillariidae Parornix scoticella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter corylifoliella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter mespilella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter oxyacanthae leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter sorbi leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera malifoliella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia atricollis leaf…

Malus sylvestris host plant species

…hemerobiella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora potentillae leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora serratella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora trigeminella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora violacea leaf miner Curculionidae Rhamphus oxyacanthae leaf miner Gelechiidae Recurvaria nanella leaf miner Gracillariidae Callisto denticulella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix petiolella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix scoticella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter…

September, 2016 news

…dipsacearum, subulifex; Epermenia chaerophyllella; Erysiphe euonymi, flexuosa, ornata, penicillata, pisi var. pisi, prunastri, ulmi var. ulmi, vanbruntiana; Golovinomyces biocellatus; Gracillaria syringella; Lasioptera rubi; Melampsora populnea; Metallus pumilus; Neuroterus anthracinus; Parornix carpinella, scoticella; Pediaspis aceris; Peronospora chenopodii-polyspermi; Phyllactinia betulae; Phyllonorycter acerifoliella, schreberella; Phytomyza agromyzina, origani, ranunculi, tetrasticha; Plasmopara viticola; Podosphaera plantaginis;…

Cotoneaster nebrodensis host plant species

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix scoticella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter corylifoliella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter deschkai leaf miner doubtful Nepticulidae Stigmella incognitella leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Gymnosporangium confusum leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Gymnosporangium fusisporum…

Sorbus aria host plant species

…leaf gall Psyllidae Cacopsylla albipes leaf gall Psyllidae Cacopsylla breviantennata leaf miner Bucculatricidae Bucculatrix bechsteinella leaf miner Buprestidae Trachys minutus leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora hemerobiella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora prunifoliae leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora trigeminella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix scoticella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter corylifoliella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter deschkai…

Sorbus chamaemespilus host plant species

synonym: Pirus, Pyrus, chamaemespilus organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Gonioctena quinquepunctata fruit borer Tenthredinidae Hoplocampa chamaemespili leaf gall Eriophyidae Eriophyes pyri leaf gall Taphrinales Taphrina deformans leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix scoticella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter deschkai leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter sorbi leaf pustule aecia…

Sorbus intermedia host plant species

…Aphis pomi leaf gall Eriophyidae Eriophyes pyri leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora hemerobiella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix scoticella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter mespilella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter sorbi leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella sorbi leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Gymnosporangium cornutum leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Ochropsora ariae…

Sorbus torminalis host plant species

…leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix scoticella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter corylifoliella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter cydoniella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter hostis leaf miner rarely Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter leucographella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter mespilella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter oxyacanthae leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter sorbi leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella hahniella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella…