Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Perittia obscurepunctella parasite

Perittia obscurepunctella (Stainton, 1848) honeysuckle dwarf Lonicera periclymenum, Belgium, prov. Namur, Nismes, RN les Abannets, 27.vi.2019 © Stéphane Claerebout same mine, underside, with some ejected frass same mine, lighted from behind Lonicera periclymenum, Einde-Gooi. 13.vi.2002 mine Brownish, full depth, inflated blotch, usually at the leaf margin, often with a central…

Perittia carlinella parasite

Perittia carlinella (Walsingham, 1908) Lepidoptera, Elachistidae Carlina salicifolia; from Hering (1927a) mine The mine begins as an upper-surface, little contorted corridor, that locally is almost completely filled with reddish brown frass. The corridor widens into an elliptic blotch, in wich much silk is deposited. The blotch thereby gets length folds,…

Perittia echiella parasite

Perittia echiella (de Joannis, 1902) Echium plantagineum, Spain; from Hering (1936b) mine Mine lower-surface, starting at a flat, iridescent egg shell, then an undulating epidermal corridor of about 5 cm, that abruptly widens into an elliptic blotch of ca. 5 cm length, which almost fills all space between midrib and…

Perittia herrichiella parasite

Perittia herrichiella (Herrich-Schäffer, 1855) on Lonicera Lonicera xylosteum, Germany, Hesse, Diemelstadt-Dehausen, 24.vi.2018 © Hubertus Trilling: occupied mine larva mine Egg oval, with a few length ribs, near the leaf base. Mine begins a short corridor, followed, and often overrun, by a large flat blotch that expands towards the leaf margin….

Perittia obscurepunctella larva parasite

Perittia obscurepunctella Lonicera xylosteum, Bergsche heide torax dorsal and ventral abdominal and anal prolegs 2.iii.2009…

Perittia piperatella parasite

Perittia piperatella (Staudinger, 1859) Lepidoptera, Elachistidae mine Large, strongly puckered, tentiform mine at the leaf margin, usually in the leaf tip. No recognisable preceding corridor. Pupa in the mine, not in a coccoon. hostplants Cistaceae, monophagous Cistus ladanifer. phenology Larvae from November till March (Hering, 1957a). BENELUX Not known from…

Perittia weberella parasite

Perittia weberella Whitebread, 1984 Lepidoptera, Elachistidae mine Egg oval, with 7 length ribs, at the leaf underside, well removed from the margin, sometimes against the midrib. Mine a corridor, abruptly widening into, and often overrun by, a blotch. Frass more or less fills the corridor; in the blotch it is…

Perittia parasite

Lonicera host plants

…=> 10 9b mine begins at a round hole, through which the larva has entered the leaf: Alucita hexadactyla & Pterotopteryx dodecadactyla 10a larva leaden: Perittia obscurepunctella 10b larva reddish brown: Perittia herrichiella 10b larva whitish with red markins on the thorax: Perittia weberella 11a slender full depth corridor with…

Symphoricarpos host plants

Symphoricarpos snowberry Incl. Symphoria. Dichotomous table for leafminers 1d fleck mine: lobe cae => 2 1b whitish corridor (sometimes stellate and almost a blotch) => 3 1c brown blotch: Perittia obscurepunctella 1d tentiform mine => 8 1e galls, etc => Tables for all parasites per species 2a the rings that…

Lonicera xylosteum host plant species

…leaf miner Curculionidae Rhynchaenus xylostei leaf miner Elachistidae Perittia herrichiella leaf miner Elachistidae Perittia obscurepunctella leaf miner Elachistidae Perittia weberella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter emberizaepenella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter trifasciella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella lonicerarum leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Puccinia festucae leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Callyntrotus lonicerae stem gall Alucitidae Pterotopteryx…

genus Lonicera host plant genus

…leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia aprilina leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia isicae leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia lonicerae leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia nervi leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia periclymeni leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora ahenella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora violacea leaf miner Curculionidae Rhynchaenus xylostei leaf miner Elachistidae Perittia herrichiella leaf miner Elachistidae Perittia obscurepunctella…

Elachistidae parasite

…Nielsen (1977a); there also illustrations of mines. The British species are treated by Bland (1996a), the eastern European ones by Fal’kovich (1990b). In our region the mining representatives belong to the genera Elachista, Perittia, and Stephensia. Eliachista species are miners of plants with grassy leaves, real grasses in particular. In…

Lonicera tatarica host plant species

…leaf miner Agromyzidae Aulagromyza hendeliana leaf miner Agromyzidae Aulagromyza luteoscutellata leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia aprilina leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia lonicerae leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia periclymeni leaf miner Elachistidae Perittia herrichiella leaf miner Elachistidae Perittia obscurepunctella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter emberizaepenella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella lonicerarum leaf vagrant spring generation Aphididae…

genus Symphoricarpos host plant genus

…leaf miner Agromyzidae Aulagromyza flavoscutellata leaf miner Agromyzidae Aulagromyza hendeliana leaf miner Agromyzidae Aulagromyza luteoscutellata leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora ahenella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora violacea leaf miner Elachistidae Perittia herrichiella leaf miner rarely Elachistidae Perittia obscurepunctella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter emberizaepenella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter trifasciella leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Eriophyes…

Symphoricarpos albus host plant species

…Aulagromyza luteoscutellata leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora ahenella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora violacea leaf miner Elachistidae Perittia herrichiella leaf miner rarely Elachistidae Perittia obscurepunctella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter emberizaepenella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter trifasciella leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Eriophyes brownei leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia lonicerae leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae…

Echium host plants

…mine => 9 9a pupa with a dense cover of fine, short “hairs”: Aproaerema lerauti 9b pop with a smooth integument: Perittia echiella 10a gallery from begin to end; pupation within the mine; frass in isolated grains: Chromatomyia horticola 10b blotch, may be preceded by a corridor; frass in thread…

Cistus host plants

…in Portugal or southern Spain: Paraformoria ladaniphila 11b on Cistus albidus, perhaps also incanus, along the Mediterranean coast from Gibraltar to Genua: Parafomoria liguricella 12a tentiform mine => 13 12b ± flat mine => 14 13a pupation within the mine: Perittia piperatella 13b pupation outside the mine: Triberta cistifoliella 14a…

Symphytum host plants

…working itself halfway out: Dialectica scalariella 8b pupa in a cocoon, remains within the mine: Perittia echiella 9a long corridor; frass in discrete grains; puparium within the mine, in a, generally lower-surface, pupal chamber; the front spiracula of the puparium penetrate the epidermis: Chromatomyia horticola 9bmine different => 10 10a…

Onosma host plants

…voor alle parasieten per soort 2a larva a maggot: Agromyza abiens 2b larva with feet and a well recognisable head => 3 3a blotch, preceded by a long, narrow gallery: Perittia echiella 3b blotch, without a preceding gallery => 4 4a larva light grey: Cynaeda dentalis 4b larva black: Cynaeda…

Carlina host plants

…Amauromyza carlinae 11a larva with thoracic legs => 12 11b larva without legs: Orthochaetes insignis 12a mine begins as a corridor, ends as a blotch with strong length folds: Perittia carlinella 12b mine a blotch from the start, remaining completely flat: Scrobipalpa acuminatella Not included in the key: Jordanita subsolana….

Stephensia cedronellae parasite

…in a central line, in the blotch as scattered grains. In large leaves the larva may change mine. hostplants Lamiaceae, oligophagous Bystropogon origanifolius, plumosus; Cedronella canariensis; Clinopodium; Lavandula canariensis, stoechas; Mentha; Micromeria. phenology Larvae from January till March (Hering, 1957a). distribution within Europe Canary Islands (Fauna Europaea, 2009). synonyms Perittia

Stephensia calpella parasite

…Lamiaceae, monophagous Ballota hirsuta. phenology Larvae in April – May (Hering, 1957a). distribution within Europe Spain (Fauna Europaea, 2009). larva Body pale greenish, head and prothoracic plate black. pupa Yellowish brown. synonyms Perittia bullatella (Chrétien, 1908) (cf. Kaila, 1999a). references Hering (1936b, 1957a), Kaila (1999a), Nielsen & Traugott-Olsen (1978a), Parenti…

Lonicera periclymenum host plant species

…periclymeni leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Macrolabis lonicerae leaf gall Eriophyidae Aculus xylostei leaf miner Agromyzidae Aulagromyza cornigera leaf miner Agromyzidae Aulagromyza hendeliana leaf miner Agromyzidae Aulagromyza luteoscutellata leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia aprilina leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia lonicerae leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia periclymeni leaf miner Elachistidae Perittia herrichiella leaf miner Elachistidae Perittia

June, 2019 news

…bergrothiana, tympani; Deightoniella arundinacea; Didymomyia tiliacea; Dysaphis devecta; Eulecanium tiliae; Exobasidium uvae-ursi; Grypocentrus spec.; Harmandiola globuli; Heterarthrus flavicollis; Jaapiella chelidonii; Mikiola fagi; Neuroterus numismalis; Panemeria tenebrata; Pemphigus vesicarius; Perittia obscurepunctella; Peronospora myosotidis, obovata, ornithopi; Sackenomyia reaumurii; Septoria sisymbrii; Simplimorpha promissa; Taxomyia taxi; Tetraneura nigriabdominalis; Thecabius affinis; Trioza soniae; Urocystis alopecuri….

March, 2019 news

…logos of both organisations are displayed on the site. new miner for the Netherlands Mompha lacteella new pictures Agromyza nana; Coleroa chaetomium; Cumminsiella mirabilissima; Cydia millenniana; Diplolepis fructuum; Entyloma bellidis; Mycosphaerella ulmi; Perittia herrichiella; Peronospora alsinearum; Phyllaphis fagi; Phyllonorycter leucographella; Rabdophaga salicis; Rhopalomyia tanaceticola; Trioza centranthi; Uroleucon tanaceti; Xerephedromyia ustjurdensis….

Lonicera alpigena host plant species

…Eriophyidae Aculus xylostei leaf miner Agromyzidae Aulagromyza fallax leaf miner Agromyzidae Aulagromyza hendeliana leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia alpigenae leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia aprilina leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia lonicerae leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia nervi leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia periclymeni leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora ahenella leaf miner Elachistidae Perittia herrichiella leaf miner…

Podonosma orientalis host plant species

synonym: Onosma orientalis organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf vagrant Tingidae Tingis hellenica leaf miner Elachistidae Perittia echiella…

genus Cistus host plant genus

…orontii leaf down Erysiphales Leveillula taurica leaf down Erysiphales Oidiopsis cisti leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora leptoclada leaf miner Chrysomelidae Dicladispa testacea leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora bilineella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora confluella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora cyrniella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora helianthemella leaf miner Crinopterygidae Crinopteryx familiella leaf miner Elachistidae Perittia

Echium plantagineum host plant species

…Afrogethes tristis root vagrant Chrysomelidae Longitarsus dimidiatus root vagrant Chrysomelidae Longitarsus aeneus root collar borer larva Curculionidae Mogulones larvatus root borer larva Curculionidae Mogulones geographicus leaf down Erysiphales Golovinomyces asperifolii leaf down Erysiphales Leveillula taurica leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora echii leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza abiens leaf miner Elachistidae Perittia echiella…

Echium lusitanicum host plant species

synonym: Echium broteri organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Aecidium asperifolii leaf down Erysiphales Golovinomyces cynoglossi leaf down Erysiphales Golovinomyces asperifolii leaf miner Elachistidae Perittia echiella…

Echium decaisnei host plant species

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf vagrant Aphididae Aphis gossypii leaf miner Elachistidae Perittia echiella…

Cistus ladanifer host plant species

…Aphididae Aphis lupoi leaf vagrant Aphididae Aphis lichtensteini leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis cisticola leaf down Erysiphales Golovinomyces orontii leaf down Erysiphales Leveillula taurica leaf down Erysiphales Oidiopsis cisti leaf miner Elachistidae Perittia piperatella leaf miner Nepticulidae Parafomoria cistivora leaf miner Nepticulidae Parafomoria ladaniphila…

Carlina salicifolia host plant species

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf vagrant Tingidae Tingis canariensis leaf vagrant Pterophoridae Tabulaephorus punctinervis leaf miner Elachistidae Perittia carlinella…

genus Symphytum host plant genus

…miner Coleophoridae Coleophora pennella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora pulmonariella leaf miner Elachistidae Perittia echiella leaf miner Gracillariidae Dialectica imperialella leaf miner Gracillariidae Dialectica scalariella leaf miner Sciaridae Phytosciara macrotricha leaf pustule Blastocladiales Physoderma speciosum leaf pustule Chytridiales Synchytrium jaapianum leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Puccinia symphyti-bromorum leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales…

genus Onosma host plant genus

…Gelechiidae Ethmia bipunctella leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe lycopsidis leaf down Erysiphales Golovinomyces cynoglossi complex leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Janetiella onosmae leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza abiens leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora pennella leaf miner Crambidae Cynaeda dentalis leaf miner Crambidae Cynaeda gigantea leaf miner Elachistidae Perittia echiella leaf pustule telia Pucciniales Puccinia onosmaticola…

genus Echium host plant genus

…abiens leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza medicaginis leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora pennella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora tauricella leaf miner Crambidae Cynaeda dentalis leaf miner Crambidae Epascestria pustulalis leaf miner Elachistidae Perittia echiella leaf miner Gelechiidae Aproaerema lerauti leaf miner Gracillariidae Dialectica imperialella leaf miner Gracillariidae Dialectica scalariella leaf miner Psychidae Apterona…

genus Carlina host plant genus

…Curculionidae Orthochaetes insignis leaf miner Depressariidae Agonopterix arenella leaf miner Depressariidae Agonopterix nanatella leaf miner Elachistidae Perittia carlinella leaf miner Zygaenidae Jordanita subsolana leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia carlinae leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia divergens leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae root gall Curculionidae Pseudocleonus grammicus…

Elachertus inunctus parasite

Elachertus inunctus Nees, 1834 parasite Parasitoid in mines of Agonopterix heracliana; Leucoptera laburnella; ? Perittia obscurepunctella; Phyllonorycter blancardella, nicellii, nigrescentella. distribution within Europe PESI (2022). references Askew (1968a)….