Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Phyllocnistis citrella parasite

Phyllocnistis citrella Stainton, 1856 citrus leaf-miner Citrus sp © Wijnand Burggraaf-Barendregt Citrus sp., Peru, Lima © Chris Snyers mine Long epidermal corridor with a well-marked central frass line. Mine mostly lower-surface, less often upper-surface, and rarely on the rind of the developing fruit. Pupation, like in all Phyllocnistis species, in…

Pests introduction

…such densities that virtually each leaf is damaged, often by several mines; under such circumstances the plants loose so much photosynthesis surface that growth and fruit production come to a standstill. At least as destructive is Phyllocnistis citrella in citrus plantations. Now and then an infested leaf finds its way…

Cirrospilus brevis parasite

Cirrospilus brevis Zhu, LaSalle & Huang, 2002 on Citrus parasite Parasitoid in galls of Phyllocnistis citrella. host plants Rutaceae, monophagous Citrus. distribution within Europe PESI (2022). references Vercher, Costa-Comelles, Marzal & García-Marí (2005a)….

Citrus host plants

Citrus lemon, orange, etc. Dichotomous table for leafminers 1a epidermal gallery on the leaves, occasionally also the fruits: Phyllocnistis citrella 1b galls, etc => Tables for all parasites per species…

Pnigalio cristatus parasite

Pnigalio cristatus Ratzeburg, 1848 parasite Parasitoid in mines of Phyllocnistis citrella; Phyllonorycter; Tuta absoluta. host plants polyphagous Citrus. distribution within Europe PESI (2022). synonyms Ratzeburgiola cristata, cristatus. references Askew, Blasco-Zumeta & Pujade-Villar (2001a), Bayram, Giller, Fursov, ao (2016a), Noyes (2019a), Vercher, Costa-Comelles, Marzal & García-Marí (2005a)….

Chrysocharis pentheus parasite

Chrysocharis pentheus (Walker, 1839) parasite Endoparasitoid of Chromatomyia horticola; Phyllocnistis citrella; Stigmella aurella. host plants polyphagous Citrus; Rubus ulmifolius. distribution within Europe PESI (2022). references Mifsud & Askew (2019a), Vercher, Costa-Comelles, Marzal & García-Marí (2005a), Yefremova, Strakhova & Kravchenko, ao (2015a)….

Ageniaspis citricola parasite

Ageniaspis citricola Logvinovskaya, 1983 on Citrus parasite Parasitoid in mines of Phyllocnistis citrella. host plants Rutaceae, monophagous Citrus. distribution within Europe PESI (2022). references Edwards & Hoy (1998a), Evans (1995a), Papanikolaou, Kavallieratos, Kontodimas & Tomanović (2006a)….

Semielacher petiolata parasite

Semielacher petiolata (Girault, 1915) parasite Ectoparasitoid of Chromatomyia horticola; Phyllocnistis citrella. host plants Rutaceae, monophagous Citrus. distribution within Europe PESI (2022). synonyms Semielacher petiolatus. references Papanikolaou, Kavallieratos, Kontodimas & Tomanović (2006a), Yefremova, Strakhova & Kravchenko, ao (2015a)….

Citrostichus phyllocnistoides parasite

Citrostichus phyllocnistoides (Narayanam, 1960) on Citrus parasite Parasitoid in mines of Phyllocnistis citrella. host plants Rutaceae, monophagous Citrus. distribution within Europe PESI (2022). references Papanikolaou, Kavallieratos, Kontodimas & Tomanović (2006a), Vercher, Costa-Comelles, Marzal & García-Marí (2005a)….

genus Citrus host plant genus

…vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae leaf vagrant Aphididae Aphis citricidus stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis craccivora root vagrant summer generation Aphididae Rectinasus buxtoni systemic gall Eriophyidae Aceria sheldoni flower gall Cecidomyiidae Contarinia citri leaf gall Eriophyidae Phyllocoptruta oleivora leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllocnistis citrella leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aculops pelekassi leaf vagrant…

Pnigalio pectinicornis parasite

Pnigalio pectinicornis (Linnaeus, 1758) parasite Parasitoid of Antispila treitschkiella; Cerodontha phragmitidis; Elachista humilis; Leucospilapteryx omissella; Phyllocnistis citrella; Phyllonorycter blancardella, comparella, ? coryli, corylifoliella, hilarella, ? junoniella, nicellii, ? quinqueguttella, roboris, salictella, schreberella, spinicolella, Prays oleae. host plants polyphagous Citrus; Olea europaea. distribution within Europe PESI (2022). references Alissandrakis, Psirofonia, Kavallieratos,…

Cirrospilus vittatus parasite

Cirrospilus vittatus Walker, 1838 parasite Ectoparasitoid on Agromyza albitarsis, demeijerei; Anoplonyx destructor; Calycomyza humeralis; Chromatomyia horticola; Ectoedemia occultella; Leucoptera laburnella; Liriomyza; Mompha raschkiella; Phyllocnistis citrella; Phyllonorycter salicicolella; Phytomyza cytisi; Pristiphora laricis; Trifurcula eurema. host plants polyphagous Citrus; Cistus monspeliensis; Crataegus monogyna; Lotus cytisoides; Malus domestica; Populus. distribution within Europe PESI…

Pnigalio soemius parasite

Pnigalio soemius (Walker, 839) parasite Ectoparasitoid in mines of Agromyza albitarsis; Chirosia ? grossicauda; Chromatomyia horticola, milii; Ectodedemia occultella; Kessleria saxifragae; Leucoptera laburnella, lotella; Phyllocnistis citrella; Rhopalomyia ptarmicae. host plants polyphagous Citrus sinensis; Populus. distribution within Europe PESI (2022). references Askew (1968a), Çikman, Beyarslan & Civelek (2006a), Papanikolaou, Kavallieratos, Kontodimas…

Minotetrastichus frontalis parasite

Minotetrastichus frontalis (Nees, 1834) parasite Parasitoid of Cameraria ohridella, Coptotriche marginea; Diplolepis eglanteriae; Macrosaccus robiniella; Parectopa robiniella; Phyllocnistis citrella; Phyllonorycter. host plants polyphagous Aesculus hippocastanum; Citrus; Clinopodium nepeta; Malus domestica; Robinia pseudoacacia; Rubus ulmifolius. distribution within Europe PESI (2022). synonyms Tetrastichus cyclogaster (Ratzeburg, 1844); Minotetrastichus, Tetrastichus, ecus (Walker, 1839). references…

Cirrospilus diallus parasite

Cirrospilus diallus Walker, 1838 parasite Ectoparasitoid of Neuroterus numismalis; Phyllonorycter harrisella, quercifoliella; Phyllocnistis citrella. host plants polyphagous Citrus. distribution within Europe PESI (2022). references Askew (1968a), lo Pinto, Salerno & Wajnberg (2005a)….

Cirrospilus pictus parasite

Cirrospilus pictus (Nees, 1834) parasite Ectoparasitoid of Coleophora laricella; Leucoptera laburnella; Micrurapteryx sophorivora; Orchestes alni; Phyllocnistis citrella; Phyllonorycter hilarella. host plants polyphagous Citrus; Malus domestica; Robinia pseudoacacia. distribution within Europe PESI (2022). references Gençer & Seven (2005a), Gijswijt (1962a), lo Pinto, Salerno & Wajnberg (2005a), Noyes (2019a)….

Neochrysocharis formosa parasite

Neochrysocharis formosa (Westwood, 1833) parasite Endoparasitoid of incl. Chromatomyia horticola; Liriomyza huidobrensis, sativae, trifolii; Micrurapteryx sophorivora; Phyllocnistis citrella; Phyllonorycter; Stigmella. host plants polyphagous Citrus; Phaseolus vulgaris; Robinia pseudoacacia. distribution within Europe PESI (2022). references Askew, Blasco-Zumeta & Pujade-Villar (2001a); Çikman, Beyarslan & Civelek (2006a), Gençer & Seven (2005a), Kissayi, Benhalima…

Closterocerus trifasciatus parasite

Closterocerus trifasciatus (Westwood, 1833) parasite Parasitoid in galls of Cameraria ohridella; Dryocosmus kuriphilus; Macrosaccus robiniella; Parectopa robiniella; Phyllocnistis citrella. host plants polyphagous Aesculus hippocastanum; Castanea sativa; Citrus; Robinia pseudoacacia. distribution within Europe PESI (2022). references Kos, Lacković, Melika & Matošević (2021a), Lupi & Jucker (2002a)….

Sympiesis gregori parasite

Sympiesis gregori Bouček, 1959 parasite Parasitoid in mines of ? Aspilapteryx limosella; Phyllocnistis citrella; Phyllonorycter quinqueguttella; Triberta helianthemella. host plants polyphagous Citrus; Helianthemum nummularium; Teucrium. distribution within Europe PESI (2022). references Askew (1968a) Askew, Blasco-Zumeta & Pujade-Villar (2001a), Bouček (1959a), Vercher, Costa-Comelles, Marzal & García-Marí (2005a)….