Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Phyllonorycter froelichiella parasite

Phyllonorycter froelichiella (Zeller, 1839) broad-barred midget on Alnus Alnus glutinosa, Belgium, prov. Antwerp, Meerhout © Carina Van Steenwinkel same leaf, underside the larva is remarkably small in proportion to the space offered by the mine larva (pathologic: a healthy larva is dark grey over the entire body) mine Large, lower-surface…

Phyllonorycter klemannella parasite

…Vos, 1999a; Microlepidoptera.nl, 2009). LUX recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2009). distribution within Europe Entire Europe, except Greece, perhaps also Spain (Fauna Europaea, 2009). larva pupa synonyms Phyllonorycter crocinella (Sorhagen, 1900) [Global taxonomic database of Gracillariidae, 2010]; Lithocolletis kleemannella. In accordance with the Fauna Europaea (2010) the trusted spelling “Phyllonorycter kleemannella” has…

Phyllonorycter klemannella larva parasite

Phyllonorycter klemannella Alnus glutinosa, Nieuwendam the same, ventral head, dorsal Alnus glutinosa, Brummen; top: Ph. froelichiella, bottom: Ph. klemannella The larva is yellowish white with a light brown head. (The larva of Ph. froelichiella, living in very similar mine, is grey). 23.v.2009…

Phyllonorycter chrysella parasite

Phyllonorycter chrysella (Constant, 1885) mine Not unusually large, lower-surface tentiform mine with many very fine length folds, always in an axil of midrib and side vein. The mine causes the leaf to contract strongly. Pupation within the mine. Before ecdysis the pupa works itself half out of the mine through…

Phyllonorycter froelichiella larva parasite

Alnus glutinosa, Huis te Vogelenzang thorax and detail of an abdominal proleg At strong magnification the grey colour of the larva is composed of many minute black dots….

Phyllonorycter froelichiella pupa parasite

Alnus southern England, exuvium leg. Rob Edmunds; cremaster thorax Cremaster with only one pair of spines; mesonotum without a pit at the rear margin….

Alnus host plants

…spines, directed outwards: Phyllonorycter rajella 13b species from southern Europe (France, Italy); pupa: this group of spines may be missing: Phyllonorycter vulturella 14a mountain species, on Alnus viridis => 15 14b lowland species, on other Alnus species => 16 14c of Phyllonorycter alnivorella, a species from south-western Europe, mine and…

genus Alnus host plant genus

…miner Eriocraniidae Paracrania chrysolepidella leaf miner Gracillariidae Caloptilia elongella leaf miner Gracillariidae Caloptilia falconipennella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter alnivorella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter alpina leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter chrysella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter froelichiella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter klemannella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter rajella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter stettinensis leaf…

Alnus glutinosa host plant species

…miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter chrysella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter froelichiella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter klemannella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter rajella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter stettinensis leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter vulturella leaf miner Heliozelidae Heliozela resplendella leaf miner Incurvariidae Incurvaria pectinea leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella alnetella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella glutinosae leaf…

Alnus incana host plant species

…Coleophoridae Coleophora milvipennis leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora serratella leaf miner Curculionidae Anoplus roboris leaf miner Curculionidae Orchestes testaceus leaf miner Gracillariidae Caloptilia elongella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter chrysella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter froelichiella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter klemannella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter rajella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter stettinensis leaf miner…

Alnus cordata host plant species

…Taphrina sadebeckii leaf miner doubtful Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter froelichiella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter rajella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter stettinensis leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella alnetella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella glutinosae leaf miner Tenthredinidae Fenusa dohrnii leaf miner Tenthredinidae Heterarthrus vagans leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Melampsoridium betulinum leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales…

March, 2018 news

new pictures Aculus hippocastani, magnirostris; Aulagromyza caraganae; Caloptilia staintoni; Cecidophyes nudus, psilonotus; Coleophora otidipennella; Coleosporium campanulae; Dasineura cytisi; Ectoedemia heringella; Eriophyes exilis; Gymnosporangium sabinae; Leucoptera spartifoliella; Mikiola fagi; Orchestes jota; Panaphis juglandis; Peronospora chenopodii, somniferi; Phyllonorycter froelichiella; Phytomyza agromyzina; Phytoptus abnormis; Polystigma rubrum; Profenusa pygmaea; Rabdophaga dubiosa, pierreana, saliciperda; Trifurcula…

Pnigalio longulus parasite

Pnigalio longulus (Zetterstedt, 1838) parasite Parasitoid in galls of ? Coleophora serratella; ? Nycteola revayana; Phyllonorycter blancardella, corylifoliella, froelichiella, hilarella, klemannella, quercifoliella, rajella, salictella; Prays oleae; Tischeria ekebladella. host plants polyphagous Olea europaea; Quercus. distribution within Europe PESI (2022). references Alissandrakis, Psirofonia, Kavallieratos, ao (2018a), Askew (1984a….

Achrysocharoides splendens parasite

Achrysocharoides splendens (Deluchi, 1954) parasite Parasitoid of Phyllonorycter emberizaepennella, froelichiella, lautella, nicellii, schreberella, strigulatella, tenerella, trifasciella. host plants polyphagous Alnus glutinosa, incana; Corylus avellana; Lonicera periclymenum; Quercus robur; Sorbus; Ulmus. distribution within Europe PESI (2022). synonyms Enaysma splendens. references Askew & Ruse (1974a), Bryan (1980a, 1983a), Szőcs, Thuróczy, Melika &…

Sympiesis gordius parasite

Sympiesis gordius (Walker, 1839) /em>. parasite Parasitoïd of Acrocercops brongniardella; Lyonetia clerkella; Phyllonorycter acerifoliella, blancardella, cerasicolella, comparella, ? coryli, corylifoliella, froelichiella, geniculella, hilarella, issikii, kuhlweiniella, maestingella, oxyacanthae, platani, populifoliella, pyrifoliella, quercifoliella, rajella, roboris, scitulella. sorbi, strigulatella, trifasciella, ulmifoliella, Tischeria ekebladella. host plants polyphagous Acer; Alnus; Fagus sylvatica; Malus domestica; Platanus;…