Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Phyllonorycter harrisella parasite

Phyllonorycter harrisella (Linnaeus, 1761) white oak midget Quercus robur, Duin en Kruidberg lighted from behind Quercus robur, St Gerlach; opened mine mine Rather small, lower-surface tentiform mine, less than 14 mm long, with one strong fold in the lower epidermis. Pupa in a tough white cocoon that is attached to…

Phyllonorycter delitella parasite

Phyllonorycter delitella (Duponchel, 1843) Lepidoptera, Gracillariidae mine Small, lower-surface, tentiform mine, c. 9 x 5 mm, with one strong fold in the lower epidermis; upperside of the mine mostly entirely eaten out. Pupa in the mine in a silken cocoon of about 5 mm, that is attached to the mine…

Phyllonorycter distentella parasite

Phyllonorycter distentella (Zeller, 1846) scarce midget mine Lower-surface tentiform mine; lower epidermis with a numerous extremely fine folds. The mine is exceptionally large, 25 mm on average, and extends from midrib to leaf margin. The roof of the mine is largely eaten out but generally a green centre is left…

Phyllonorycter harrisella pupa parasite

Phyllonorycter harrisella Quercus robur, Engeland; thorax dorsal of an exuvium; collection Rob Edmunds spinulation of the abdomen Quercus robur, Gortelse Berg; Hilversum; cremaster dorsal and lateral See (Gregor & Patočka (2001a) and Patočka & Turčáni (2005a) for a description of the pupa. 3.x.2009…

Quercus host plants

…clump: Phyllonorycter endryella 33b mine smaller => 34 34a cocoon covered by frass: Phyllonorycter rebimbasi 34b unknown: Phyllonorycter cocciferella 35a species from Crete: Phyllonorycter gerfriedi 35b species from the Greek mainland: Phyllonorycter olympica 36a mine very large; pupa in a flimsy cocoon, frass in a clump: Phyllonorycter endryella 36b mine…

genus Quercus host plant genus

…leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter gerfriedi leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter graecus leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter harrisella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter heegeriella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter ilicifoliella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter kuhlweiniella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter kusdasi leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter lautella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter messaniella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter muelleriella…

Quercus pubescens host plant species

…leaf miner Gracillariidae Caloptilia alchimiella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter amseli leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter barbarella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter delitella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter distentella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter harrisella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter kuhlweiniella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter kusdasi leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter muelleriella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter parisiella…

Quercus robur host plant species

…leaf miner Gracillariidae Acrocercops brongniardella leaf miner Gracillariidae Caloptilia alchimiella leaf miner Gracillariidae Caloptilia robustella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter distentella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter harrisella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter heegeriella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter kuhlweiniella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter lautella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter messaniella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter muelleriella…

Quercus cerris host plant species

…Bucculatricidae Bucculatrix ulmella leaf miner Curculionidae Orchestes quercus leaf miner Eriocraniidae Dyseriocrania subpurpurella leaf miner Gracillariidae Acrocercops brongniardella leaf miner Gracillariidae Caloptilia alchimiella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter abrasella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter harrisella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter ilicifoliella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter lautella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter muelleriella leaf miner…

Quercus petraea host plant species

…miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter heegeriella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter kuhlweiniella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter lautella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter messaniella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter muelleriella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter quercifoliella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter roboris leaf miner Heliozelidae Heliozela sericiella leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia albifasciella leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia caradjai leaf…

Quercus faginea host plant species

…Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter harrisella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter quercifoliella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter roboris leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia albifasciella leaf miner doubtful Nepticulidae Ectoedemia contorta leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia heringi leaf miner rarely Nepticulidae Ectoedemia suberis leaf miner Tischeriidae Tischeria decidua leaf miner Tischeriidae Tischeria dodonaea leaf miner Tischeriidae Tischeria ekebladella…

Quercus dalechampii host plant species

…numismalis leaf bud gall Cynipidae Andricus polycerus leaf bud gall Cynipidae Andricus truncicola leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe alphitoides leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Janetia cerris leaf miner Gracillariidae Acrocercops brongniardella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter harrisella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter lautella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter roboris leaf miner Tenthredinidae Profenusa pygmaea leaf miner…

Quercus frainetto host plant species

…gall sexual generation Cynipidae Andricus gallaeurnaeformis leaf gall sexual generation Cynipidae Cynips divisa leaf gall sexual generation Cynipidae Neuroterus albipes leaf gall sexual generation Cynipidae Neuroterus tricolor leaf bud gall Eriophyidae Aceria suberina leaf gall Taphrinales Taphrina caerulescens leaf miner Curculionidae Orchestes quercus leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter harrisella leaf miner…

Euderus viridis parasite

Euderus viridis Thomson, 1878 parasite Parasitoid of Coleophora taeniipennella; Phyllonorycter harrisella. distribution within Europe PESI (2022). references Askew (1968a)….

Quercus macranthera host plant species

…bud gall Cynipidae Andricus bakrachus leaf down Erysiphales Phyllactinia orbicularis leaf down Erysiphales Phyllactinia roboris leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Macrodiplosis pustularis leaf gall Triozidae Trioza remota leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora lutipennella leaf miner Gracillariidae Caloptilia alchimiella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter harrisella leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia subbimaculella leaf miner Tischeriidae Tischeria ekebladella…

Quercus pontica host plant species

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf bud gall agamous generation Cynipidae Andricus kollari leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora lutipennella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter harrisella

Cirrospilus diallus parasite

Cirrospilus diallus Walker, 1838 parasite Ectoparasitoid of Neuroterus numismalis; Phyllonorycter harrisella, quercifoliella; Phyllocnistis citrella. host plants polyphagous Citrus. distribution within Europe PESI (2022). references Askew (1968a), lo Pinto, Salerno & Wajnberg (2005a)….