Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Phyllonorycter insignitella parasite

Phyllonorycter insignitella (Zeller, 1846) clover midget mine Lower surface tentiform mine that occupies only part of a leaflet. In full grown leaves the mine is strongly inflated an is largely hidden by the leaf. Contrary to other species not the entire leaflet is mined out. host plants Fabaceae, oligophagous Lathyrus;…

Phyllonorycter medicaginella parasite

…fast and strong expansion in Europe (Dauphin & Grange, 2014a; Sefrová, 2002c). larva Described by Sefrová (2002c). pupa synonyms Lithocolletis medicaginella; Phyllonorycter insignitella: Beiger, 1979 [Buszko & Beshkov, 2004a]. references van As & Ellis (2004a), Beiger (1979a), Bengtsson & Johansson (2011a), Buszko (1986a, 1992b), Buszko & Beshkov (2004a), Dauphin &…

Ononis host plants

…1e galls, etc => Tables for all parasites per species 2a pupa: cremaster spines just before the terminal hook wit a notch; abdomen segment 10 as broad as long: Phyllonorycter medicaginella 2b cremaster spines not notched; abdomen segment 10 broader than long: Phyllonorycter insignitella 3a larva mines from a case;…

Medicago host plants

…set widely apart => 10 10a pupa: cremaster spines with a notch just below the terminal hook; abdomen segment 10 about as broad as long: Phyllonorycter medicaginella 10b cremaster spines not notched below the terminal hooks; abdomen segment 10 broader than long: Phyllonorycter insignitella 11a frass in concentric arcs; the…

Melilotus host plants

…parasites per species 2a pupa: cremaster spines just before the terminal hook wit a notch; abdomen segment 10 as broad as long: Phyllonorycter medicaginella 2b cremaster spines not notched; abdomen segment 10 broader than long: Phyllonorycter insignitella 3a mine tiny => 4 3b mine not unusually small => 6 4a…

Lathyrus host plants

…mine weakly inflated; upper surface of mine essentially green; cremaster with two pairs of extremely slender spines: Phyllonoryter insignitella 5a the cocoon consists of a lining of the walls of the mine: Phyllonorycter nigrescentella 5b the cocoon consists of a thin film under and above the pupa: Phyllonorycter trifoliella 6a…

Lotus host plants

…incompletely mined: Phyllonorycter insignitella 11a larva free, not in a case or tube: Polyommatus icarus 11b larva in a silken tube, into which it withdraws during feeding pauses => 12 11c larva in a transportable case => 13 12a larva greyish-green with whitish length lines: Scythris picaepennis 12b larva dark…

genus Trifolium host plant genus

…Syncopacma vinella leaf miner Gelechiidae Aproaerema anthyllidella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parectopa ononidis leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter insignitella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter medicaginella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter nigrescentella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter trifoliella leaf miner Lycaenidae Polyommatus icarus leaf miner Psychidae Apterona helicoidella leaf miner Tortricidae Ancylis badiana leaf pustule Blastocladiales…

Vicia host plants

…of thread-thin spines, not set close together: Phyllonoryter insignitella 3a ‘corridor-blotch’; larva with chitinised head; larvae later live free between spun leaves => 4 3b clear blotch, may have a narrow initial corridor; larva a maggot, remaining in the mine till pupation => 7 4a larva dark, limits between the…

Trifolium host plants

…close together: Phyllonoryter insignitella 3a older larvae live free between spun leaves; mine full depth, very transparent => 4 3b larvae remain in the mine => 5 4a larva dark grey with anteriorly a white dorsal line: Aproaerema anthyllidella 4b larva brownish-yellow with red transverse bands: Syncopacma taeniolella 5a at…

genus Lathyrus host plant genus

…Coleophora coronillae leaf miner Cosmopterigidae Cosmopterix schmidiella leaf miner doubtful Gelechiidae Syncopacma karvoneni leaf miner Gelechiidae Aproaerema anthyllidella leaf miner Gracillariidae Sauterina hofmanniella leaf miner doubtful Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter insignitella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter nigrescentella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter trifoliella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera lathyrifoliella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera orobi leaf…

genus Medicago host plant genus

…leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora fuscociliella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora hospitiella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora spumosella leaf miner Drosophilidae Scaptomyza flava leaf miner Drosophilidae Scaptomyza graminum leaf miner Gelechiidae Syncopacma taeniolella leaf miner Gelechiidae Syncopacma vinella leaf miner Gelechiidae Aproaerema anthyllidella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter insignitella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter medicaginella…

Medicago lupulina host plant species

…Peronosporales Peronospora romanica leaf leaf spot Helotiales Pseudopeziza medicaginis leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Jaapiella medicaginis leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Jaapiella jaapiana leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza frontella leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza nana leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza congesta leaf miner Gelechiidae Aproaerema anthyllidella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter insignitella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter medicaginella leaf…

genus Lotus host plant genus

…Coleophoridae Coleophora squamella leaf miner main Gelechiidae Syncopacma taeniolella leaf miner Gelechiidae Aproaerema anthyllidella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter insignitella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter nigrescentella leaf miner Lycaenidae Polyommatus icarus leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera lotella leaf miner Nepticulidae Trifurcula cryptella leaf miner Nepticulidae Trifurcula eurema leaf miner Nepticulidae Trifurcula manygoza leaf…

genus Ononis host plant genus

…Gelechiidae Aproaerema anthyllidella leaf miner Gelechiidae Mirificarma cytisella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parectopa ononidis leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter insignitella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter medicaginella leaf miner Psychidae Apterona helicoidella leaf miner Scythrididae Scythris siccella leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces bugranae leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces diniensis leaf pustule uredinia…

Medicago falcata host plant species

…Cecidomyiidae Wachtliella dalmatica leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza frontella leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza nana leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza congesta leaf miner Gelechiidae Syncopacma vinella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter insignitella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter medicaginella leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces striatus stem gall Asterolecaniidae Planchonia arabidis root collar gall Blastocladiales Physoderma…

Trifolium alpestre host plant species

…Dasineura trifolii leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza nana leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter insignitella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter nigrescentella leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces fallens leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces trifolii-repentis leaf pustule telia Pucciniales Uromyces flectens leaf pustule telia Pucciniales Uromyces trifolii stem borer Curculionidae Hypera nigrirostris…

Trifolium medium host plant species

…Erysiphe trifoliorum leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora trifoliorum leaf leaf spot Helotiales Pseudopeziza trifolii leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Tricholaba trifolii leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza nana leaf miner Gracillariidae Parectopa ononidis leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter insignitella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter nigrescentella leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces fallens leaf pustule aecia uredinia…

Trifolium pratense host plant species

…miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza congesta leaf miner Gelechiidae Aproaerema anthyllidella leaf miner Gelechiidae Syncopacma vinella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parectopa ononidis leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter insignitella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter nigrescentella leaf pustule Blastocladiales Physoderma trifolii leaf pustule Chytridiales Synchytrium aureum leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces fallens leaf pustule aecia…

Trifolium montanum host plant species

…Tychius lineatulus fruit gall Curculionidae Tychius polylineatus fruit gall Curculionidae Tychius pusillus fruit gall Curculionidae Tychius sharpi leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe trifoliorum leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora trifoliorum leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza nana leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza congesta leaf miner Gracillariidae Parectopa ononidis leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter insignitella leaf pustule Blastocladiales…

Ononis spinosa subsp. procurrens host plant species

…ononidis leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Contarinia ononidis leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe pisi var. cruchetiana leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora ononidis leaf gall spring generation Cecidomyiidae Asphondylia ononidis leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza cicerina leaf miner Gelechiidae Aproaerema anthyllidella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parectopa ononidis leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter insignitella leaf miner Scythrididae Scythris…