Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Phyllonorycter leucographella parasite

Phyllonorycter leucographella (Zeller, 1850) firethorn leaf-miner on Pyracantha Pyracantha coccinea, Hungary, Budapest, 10.vi.2018 © László Érsek same leaf, underside: the mine is completely restricted to the palissade parenchyma larva in the sap drinking stage in its mine Pyracantha coccinea, Amsterdam frass Sorbus aucuparia, Belgium, prov. Namur, Couvin, lieu-dit “Champagnat” ©…

Phyllonorycter corylifoliella parasite

leucographella forms mines on apple an hawthorn when firethorn is growing nearby. Ph. leucographella hibernates as larva (Stigter & van Frankenhuyzen, 1991a, also own observation), while corylifoliella hibernates as pupa (Emmet, Watkinson & Wilson, 1985a). Sorbus aucuparia, Nieuwendam. The silvery epidermis, speckled with drops of frass, has largely been removed….

Phyllonorycter leucographella pupa parasite

Pyracantha coccinea, Loosduinen: “nose”, lateral; thorax tip of the antennae en third pair of feet; dorsal spinulation cremaster, dorsal The rear feet of the pupa (the one that point furthest behind, between the antennae) have a hooklike extension distally; in all other Phyllonorycter species that feed on Rosaceae this extension…

Phyllonorycter leucographella larva parasite

Pyracantha coccinea, Hongarije, Budapest, 10.vi.2018 © László Érsek: larva in the young, sap-drinking stage, dorsal … … ventral … … lateraal larva in the later, tissue-feeding, stage, dorsal … … ventral … … lateral Crataegus monogyna, Amsterdam; larva in the sap drinking stage, dorsal larva in the sap drinking stage,…

Sorbus host plants

…larger, circular; frass in concentric circles: Leucoptera malifoliella 8a mine upper-surface => 9 8b mine lower-surface => 10 9a full-grown mines silvery-white, without black speckles: Phyllonorycter leucographella 9b full-grown mines dirty grey because of numerous black speckles: Phyllonorycter corylifoliella 10a fresh mine grey-brown, larvae later live free => 11 10b…

Crataegus host plants

…29 1i galls, etc => Tables for all parasites per species 2a mine upper-surface, silvery => 3 2b mine lower-surface => 4 3a fully developed mine silvery white, without black speckles: Phyllonorycter leucographella 3b fully developed mine dirty white because of numerous black speckles: Phyllonorycter corylifoliella 4a lower epidermis brownish,…

Cotoneaster host plants

…dirty white, with many blackish speckles: Phyllonorycter corylifoliella 4a lower epidermis yellow green, with conspicuous folds => 5 4b lower epidermis grey brown, wrinkled => 7 5a mountain species: Phyllonorycter deschkai 5b lowland species => 6 6a folds of the mine fine, rather weak: Phyllonorycter mespilella 6b folds strong, sharp:…

Pyrus host plants

…or silvery; positioned over a vein => 4 3b mine silvery, later orange-brown, between two veins: Callisto denticulella 4a fully developed mine silvery white, without black speckles: Phyllonorycter leucographella 4b fully developed mine dirty grey because of many black speckles on the upper epidermis: Phyllonorycter corylifoliella 5a mine epidermal, silvery,…

Malus host plants

…mine silvery-white, without dark speckles: Phyllonorycter leucographella 5b fully developed mine dirty white because of many dark speckles: Phyllonorycter corylifoliella 6a mine remains rather flat; silvery at first, laer mostly orange brown: Callisto denticulella 6b mine very strongly contracted, remains silvery: Parornix petiolella 7a mine epidermal, silvery, later mostly orange…

Cydonia host plants

…breeding) => 4 4a species common in NW Europe => 5 4b rare in NW Europe or more southern species: Phyllonorycter hostis, Ph. mespilella 5a pupa greyish brown: Phyllonorycter oxyacanthae 5b pupa reddish brown: Phyllonorycter sorbi 6a lobe case: Coleophora violacea 6b tubular leaf case (youth case, ca. 5 mm)…

genus Malus host plant genus

…Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter blancardella leaf miner rarely Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter cerasicolella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter corylifoliella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter gerasimowi leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter hostis leaf miner rarely Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter leucographella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter mespilella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter pyrifoliella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter sorbi leaf miner Incurvariidae Incurvaria oehlmanniella…

Pyracantha host plants

…a clear preceding corridor: Stigmella hybnerella 1c corridor from start to end => 3 1d gallen etc => Tabellen voor alle parasieten per soort 2a upper-surface, silvery, blotch: Phyllonorycter leucographella 2b lower-surface, yellow green, tentiform mine: Phyllonorycter oxyacanthae 3a corridor < 10 mm, mostly hook-like, in a vein axil: Bucculatrix…

genus Sorbus host plant genus

Phyllonorycter cydoniella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter deschkai leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter hostis leaf miner rarely Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter leucographella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter mespilella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter oxyacanthae leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter sorbi leaf miner Incurvariidae Incurvaria pectinea leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera malifoliella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella leaf miner…

Fagus host plants

…corridor, containing a discoid cocoon (rare on this host plant): Tischeria decidua 1d tentiform mine => 4 1e small blotch without an excision or preceding corridor => 6 1f corridor => 8 1g elongated, silvery blotch overlying a vein; Phyllonorycter leucographella 1h fleck mine; larva mines from a transportable case:…

Chaenomeles host plants

…widening into a primary blotch: Lyonetia prunifoliella 1e fleck mine => 9 1f galls, etc => Tables for all parasites per species 2a mine upper-surface, silvery => 3 2b mine lower-surface: Phyllonorycter cydoniella, sorbi 3a fully developed mine silvery-white, without dark speckles : Phyllonorycter leucographella 3b fully developed mine witg…

Sorbus torminalis host plant species

…leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix scoticella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter corylifoliella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter cydoniella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter hostis leaf miner rarely Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter leucographella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter mespilella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter oxyacanthae leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter sorbi leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella hahniella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella…

genus Pyrus host plant genus

Phyllonorycter leucographella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter mespilella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter oxyacanthae leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter sorbi leaf miner Incurvariidae Incurvaria pectinea leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera malifoliella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia prunifoliella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella desperatella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella minusculella leaf miner Nepticulidae…

genus Cydonia host plant genus

…Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter leucographella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter mespilella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter oxyacanthae leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter sorbi leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera malifoliella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia prunifoliella leaf miner doubtful Nepticulidae Stigmella incognitella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella oxyacanthella leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Gymnosporangium clavariiforme…

genus Crataegus host plant genus

…leaf miner rarely Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter leucographella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter macedonica leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter mespilella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter oxyacanthae leaf miner rarely Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter sorbi leaf miner Incurvariidae Incurvaria masculella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera malifoliella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia prunifoliella leaf miner Nepticulidae…

Sorbus aria host plant species

…leaf gall Psyllidae Cacopsylla albipes leaf gall Psyllidae Cacopsylla breviantennata leaf miner Bucculatricidae Bucculatrix bechsteinella leaf miner Buprestidae Trachys minutus leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora hemerobiella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora prunifoliae leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora trigeminella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix scoticella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter corylifoliella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter deschkai…

genus Cotoneaster host plant genus

…rarely Gracillariidae Callisto denticulella leaf miner Gracillariidae Callisto pfaffenzelleri leaf miner rarely Gracillariidae Parornix devoniella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix scoticella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter corylifoliella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter deschkai leaf miner rarely Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter leucographella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter mespilella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter sorbi leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera…

Cydonia oblonga host plant species

…rarely Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter leucographella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter mespilella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter oxyacanthae leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera malifoliella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia prunifoliella leaf miner doubtful Nepticulidae Stigmella incognitella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella oxyacanthella leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Gymnosporangium clavariiforme leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales…

genus Chaenomeles host plant genus

…leaf miner rarely Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter leucographella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter sorbi leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera malifoliella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia prunifoliella leaf miner doubtful Nepticulidae Stigmella oxyacanthella leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Gymnosporangium confusum leaf vagrant spring generation Aphididae Rhopalosiphum oxyacanthae leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae…

genus Pyracantha host plant genus

…doubtful Eriophyidae Phyllocoptes goniothorax leaf miner Bucculatricidae Bucculatrix bechsteinella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora prunifoliae leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter leucographella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter oxyacanthae leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Gymnosporangium amelanchieris leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Gymnosporangium confusum stem gall summer generation Aphididae Eriosoma lanigerum stem scale…

Pyracantha coccinea host plant species

…bechsteinella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora prunifoliae leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter leucographella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter oxyacanthae leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Gymnosporangium amelanchieris leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Gymnosporangium confusum stem gall summer generation Aphididae Eriosoma lanigerum stem scale Coccidae Parthenolecanium corni leaf gall Aphididae Aphis pomi…

November, 2017 news

…pomi; Bremia cirsii; Camarotoscena speciosa; Campiglossa plantaginis; Caricosipha paniculatae; Ceruraphis eriophori; Chrysoesthia sexguttella; Coleophora atriplicis, coronillae; Cosmopterix scribaiella larva; Dasineura dioicae, lotharingiae; Dysaphis sorbi; Elachista maculicerusella; Entyloma microsporum; Erysiphe pisi var. pisi; Coleophora limoniella; Grapholita funebrana; Melampsora rostrupii; Microbotryum cordae; Phyllachora graminis; Phyllonorycter leucographella; Puccinia arenariae; Pucciniastrum epilobii; Roepkea marchali…

March, 2019 news

…logos of both organisations are displayed on the site. new miner for the Netherlands Mompha lacteella new pictures Agromyza nana; Coleroa chaetomium; Cumminsiella mirabilissima; Cydia millenniana; Diplolepis fructuum; Entyloma bellidis; Mycosphaerella ulmi; Perittia herrichiella; Peronospora alsinearum; Phyllaphis fagi; Phyllonorycter leucographella; Rabdophaga salicis; Rhopalomyia tanaceticola; Trioza centranthi; Uroleucon tanaceti; Xerephedromyia ustjurdensis….

Cotoneaster lucidus host plant species

shiny cotoneaster organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite stem vagrant Ortheziidae Orthezia urticae stem scale Diaspididae Lepidosaphes ulmi leaf miner rarely Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter leucographella

To be a miner introduction

…and ceiling the larval head is no more directed dowwards, as is functional in the open, but directed anteriorly. Also the head is strongly flattened, to the point of becoming chisel-shaped. Generally the larvae also are smaller than in related, free-living species. Phyllonorycter leucographella on Firethorn; head in lateral view…

July, 2018 host plant genus, news

…Liriomyza ptarmicae; Lyonetia clerkella; Melanaphis donacis; Microbotryum lychnidis-dioicae; Neuroterus numismalis; Passalora dubia; Phyllonorycter leucographella, platani; Phytomyza krygeri, senecionis; Plenodomus visci; Pleospora typhicola; Plutella xylostella; Profenusa pygmaea; Puccinia circaeae, coronata, crepidis, urticata; Ramularia acris, agrestis, gei, inaequalis, simplex; Rhinocola aceris; Septoria lavandulae; Sphaerulina westendorpii; Stigmaeopsis nanjingensis; Stigmella anomalella, betulicola; Takecallis arundinariae;…