Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Phyllonorycter cydoniella parasite

…anceps, hostis, mespilella, sorbi) (Triberti, 2007a). phenology Larvae in June – July and September – October (Emmet, Watkinson & Wilson, 1985a), but see the note below. BENELUX Not known with certainty from the Benelux counties; all material from the Netherlands in collections proved to be Ph. mespilella te behoren (Huisman…

Phyllonorycter blancardella pupa parasite

Phyllonorycter blancardella Malus, Southern Engeland, coll. Rob Edmonds; exuvium, with the mesothorax torn open; the small dark pit at the posterior margin of the mesothorax id diagnostic spinulation of an abdomen segment abd. segment 8 cremaster Pupa with rear margin of mesothorax with a pit; cremaster with two pairs of…

Phyllonorycter mespilella parasite

Phyllonorycter mespilella (Hübner, 1805) scarce brown midget Sorbus torminalis, Czech Republic, northwestern Bohemia, Děčín © Jindra Černý (reared and genitalised) same mine, underside mine Lower-surfce, yellow-green tentiform mine, 20-32 mm long, with a number of fine folds in the lower epidermis. In most cases the mine is elongate, situated between…

Prunus host plants

Phyllonorycter sorbi 7b on other Prunus species => 8 7c (Prunus species can be exceptional hosts to the (very) rare Phyllonoryter cydoniella, mespilella, and messaniella; breeding is necessary to come to a definite identification in these cases.) 8a pupa: cremaster clearly longer than wide (rare, certainly on this host plant):…

Crataegus host plants

…chiclanensis 33b pan-European species: Coleophora spinella (most common on Hawthorn), but see also C. prunifoliae and C serratella. Not included in the key: Coleophora adjectella (contradictions in the description), Coleophora coracipennella, Coleophora potentillael Liriomyza trifolii; Phyllonorycter blancardella (xenophagy?), Phyllonorycter macedonica (unsufficiently described); Phyllonorycter sorbi; Stigmella mespilicola (occurence on this host…

Sorbus host plants

…pairs of short spines => 14 14a mine with numerous weak folds; frass in a line behind the cocoon: Phyllonorycter mespilella 14b mine with 1 sharp fold; frass in a clump in a corner of the mine: Phyllonorycter cydoniella 15a small branched mine without frass (rare on this host plant):…

Cotoneaster host plants

…dirty white, with many blackish speckles: Phyllonorycter corylifoliella 4a lower epidermis yellow green, with conspicuous folds => 5 4b lower epidermis grey brown, wrinkled => 7 5a mountain species: Phyllonorycter deschkai 5b lowland species => 6 6a folds of the mine fine, rather weak: Phyllonorycter mespilella 6b folds strong, sharp:…

Pyrus host plants

…later orange-brown: Callisto denticulella 5b mine not epidermal; epidermis pale green => 6 6a pupa grey-brown to grey; grass in a lump in a corner of the mine; common species: Phyllonorycter oxyacanthae 6b pupa reddish-brown to chestnut; frass in a line in the mine; rare species: Phyllonorycter mespilella 7a oviposition…

Amelanchier host plants

…cydoniella 15b the bases of the inner pair partly overlap with the bases of the outer pair: Phyllonorycter blancardella 16a mine 14-16 mm long: Phyllonorycter deschkai 16b mine 20-32 mm long: Phyllonorycter mespilella Not included in the key: Callisto pfaffenzelleri; Caloptilia spec.; Coleophora trigeminella; Parornix anglicella, Parornix ornatella; Stigmella torminalis….

Cydonia host plants

…breeding) => 4 4a species common in NW Europe => 5 4b rare in NW Europe or more southern species: Phyllonorycter hostis, Ph. mespilella 5a pupa greyish brown: Phyllonorycter oxyacanthae 5b pupa reddish brown: Phyllonorycter sorbi 6a lobe case: Coleophora violacea 6b tubular leaf case (youth case, ca. 5 mm)…

genus Malus host plant genus

…Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter cerasicolella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter corylifoliella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter gerasimowi leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter hostis leaf miner rarely Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter leucographella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter mespilella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter pyrifoliella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter sorbi leaf miner Incurvariidae Incurvaria oehlmanniella leaf miner Incurvariidae Incurvaria pectinea leaf…

genus Prunus host plant genus

…petiolella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix szocsi leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix torquillella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter anceps leaf miner rarely Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter cavella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter cerasicolella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter corylifoliella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter hostis leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter laurocerasi leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter mespilella leaf miner Gracillariidae…

Malus host plants

…mine silvery-white, without dark speckles: Phyllonorycter leucographella 5b fully developed mine dirty white because of many dark speckles: Phyllonorycter corylifoliella 6a mine remains rather flat; silvery at first, laer mostly orange brown: Callisto denticulella 6b mine very strongly contracted, remains silvery: Parornix petiolella 7a mine epidermal, silvery, later mostly orange…

genus Sorbus host plant genus

…miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter cydoniella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter deschkai leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter hostis leaf miner rarely Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter leucographella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter mespilella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter oxyacanthae leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter sorbi leaf miner Incurvariidae Incurvaria pectinea leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera malifoliella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella…

Mespilus host plants

…the leaf margin: Phyllonorycter anceps, blancardella [voorkomen op deze waardplant zeer onzeker], mespilella, oxyacanthae 4a lobe case: Coleophora violacea 4b tubular leaf case (youth case, ca. 5 mm) => 5 4c composite leaf case (> 5 mm) => 6 5a rear end of case crooked like the handle of a…

genus Pyrus host plant genus

…Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter leucographella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter mespilella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter oxyacanthae leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter sorbi leaf miner Incurvariidae Incurvaria pectinea leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera malifoliella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia prunifoliella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella desperatella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella minusculella leaf miner…

Sorbus torminalis host plant species

…Psyllidae Cacopsylla albipes leaf miner Bucculatricidae Bucculatrix bechsteinella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix scoticella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter corylifoliella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter cydoniella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter hostis leaf miner rarely Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter leucographella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter mespilella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter oxyacanthae leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter sorbi leaf…

Malus domestica host plant species

…siccifolia leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora serratella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora spinella leaf miner Gelechiidae Recurvaria nanella leaf miner Gracillariidae Callisto denticulella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix petiolella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter blancardella leaf miner rarely Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter cerasicolella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter corylifoliella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter gerasimowi leaf miner Gracillariidae…

genus Cydonia host plant genus

…Gelechiidae Recurvaria nanella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix anguliferella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter corylifoliella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter hostis leaf miner rarely Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter leucographella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter mespilella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter oxyacanthae leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter sorbi leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera malifoliella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella leaf…

genus Crataegus host plant genus

…leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix anglicella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter corylifoliella leaf miner rarely Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter leucographella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter macedonica leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter mespilella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter oxyacanthae leaf miner rarely Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter sorbi leaf miner Incurvariidae Incurvaria masculella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera malifoliella leaf miner Lyonetiidae…

Pyrus communis host plant species

Phyllonorycter hostis leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter mespilella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter oxyacanthae leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter sorbi leaf miner Incurvariidae Incurvaria pectinea leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera malifoliella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia prunifoliella leaf miner doubtful Nepticulidae Bohemannia pulverosella leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia atricollis leaf miner…

Sorbus aria host plant species

…Coleophora trigeminella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix scoticella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter corylifoliella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter deschkai leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter mespilella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter sorbi leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella hybnerella leaf miner doubtful Nepticulidae Stigmella incognitella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella magdalenae leaf miner…

genus Cotoneaster host plant genus

Phyllonorycter leucographella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter mespilella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter sorbi leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera malifoliella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia prunifoliella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella hybnerella leaf miner doubtful Nepticulidae Stigmella incognitella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella magdalenae leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella mespilicola leaf miner…

genus Mespilus host plant genus

…Coleophora violacea leaf miner Curculionidae Rhamphus oxyacanthae leaf miner Gelechiidae Recurvaria nanella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix anglicella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter anceps leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter corylifoliella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter mespilella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter oxyacanthae leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera malifoliella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella leaf miner Lyonetiidae…

Cydonia oblonga host plant species

…Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter corylifoliella leaf miner rarely Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter leucographella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter mespilella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter oxyacanthae leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera malifoliella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia prunifoliella leaf miner doubtful Nepticulidae Stigmella incognitella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella oxyacanthella leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Gymnosporangium…

Sorbus aucuparia host plant species

Phyllonorycter mespilella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter oxyacanthae leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter sorbi leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera malifoliella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia atricollis leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella magdalenae leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella nylandriella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella oxyacanthella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella sorbi leaf miner Yponomeutidae…

Cotoneaster integerrimus host plant species

…pfaffenzelleri leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter deschkai leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter mespilella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter sorbi leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera malifoliella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia prunifoliella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella magdalenae leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella oxyacanthella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella sorbi leaf miner Yponomeutidae Scythropia…

Mespilus germanica host plant species

…leaf miner Gelechiidae Recurvaria nanella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix anglicella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter corylifoliella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter mespilella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter oxyacanthae leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera malifoliella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia prunifoliella leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia atricollis leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella oxyacanthella…

Prunus cerasus host plant species

…miner Coleophoridae Coleophora currucipennella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora hemerobiella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora prunifoliae leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora spinella leaf miner Curculionidae Rhamphus oxyacanthae leaf miner Gelechiidae Recurvaria nanella leaf miner Gracillariidae Callisto insperatella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix torquillella leaf miner rarely Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter cavella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter cerasicolella…

genus Amelanchier host plant genus

…Gelechiidae Recurvaria nanella leaf miner Gracillariidae Callisto pfaffenzelleri leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix anglicella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix anguliferella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix ornatella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter deschkai leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter mespilella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera malifoliella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella hybnerella leaf miner…

Amelanchier ovalis host plant species

…Eriophyes pyri leaf gall Psyllidae Cacopsylla breviantennata leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora serratella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora trigeminella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix anglicella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix anguliferella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix ornatella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter deschkai leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter mespilella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera malifoliella leaf miner Nepticulidae…

Sorbus intermedia host plant species

…Aphis pomi leaf gall Eriophyidae Eriophyes pyri leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora hemerobiella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix scoticella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter mespilella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter sorbi leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella sorbi leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Gymnosporangium cornutum leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Ochropsora ariae…

May, 2017 news

…Drepanosiphum platanoidis; Epitrimerus marginemtorquens; Erysiphe symphoricarpi; Euura bridgmanii; Geocrypta braueri; Globia sparganii; Hyalopterus pruni; Lasioptera populna; Hyalopterus pruni; Macrolabis heraclei; Neaylax versicolor; Paracrania chrysolepidella; Periphyllus testudinaceus; Peronospora aparines, arenariae, arvensis, conferta, flava, trifolii-hybridi; Phanacis hypochoeridis; Phyllaphis fagi; Phyllocoptes eupadi, vaccinii; Phytomyza chaerophylli; Plasmopara pusilla; Podosphaera aphanis; Pterocomma rufipes; Phyllonorycter mespilella;…

Sympiesis sericeicornis parasite

Sympiesis sericeicornis (Nees, 1834) parasite Ectoparasitoid of. Aglais urticae, Apanteles; Caloptilia elongella; Cameraria ohridella; Epinotia sordidana; Fenusa dohrnii; Heterarthrus nemoratus; Lyonetia clerkella; Metallus pumilus; Metriochroa; Phyllocnistis labyrinthella; Phyllonorycter acerifoliella, agilella, alpina, blancardella, comparella, coryli, corylifoliella, cydoniella, dubitella, emberizaepeella, esperella, geniculella, heegeriella, hilarella, issikii, kuhlweiniella; ? lantanella, maestingella, mespilella, messaniella, nicellii,…