Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Phyllonorycter insignitella parasite

Phyllonorycter insignitella (Zeller, 1846) clover midget mine Lower surface tentiform mine that occupies only part of a leaflet. In full grown leaves the mine is strongly inflated an is largely hidden by the leaf. Contrary to other species not the entire leaflet is mined out. host plants Fabaceae, oligophagous Lathyrus;…

Phyllonorycter nigrescentella parasite

Phyllonorycter nigrescentella (Logan, 1851) vetch midget Vicia sepium, Belgium, prov. Namur, Furfooz, Parc National de Furfooz © Stéphane Claerebout underside of the mine Vicia sepium, Belgium, prov. Namur, Dinant; © Jean-Yves Baugnée another specimen underside of the same mine Lathyrus pratensis, Luxemburg, Dudelange, Haerdt larva in opened mine; upper surface…

Lotus host plants

…mine; larva: thorax dorsally with at either side 10, 10 and 8 setae, resp.: Trifurcula eurema 9b pupation outside the mine; larva: thorax dorsally with at either side 13, 11 en 9 setae, resp.: Trifurcula cryptella, manygoza 10a the leaflet is completely mined: Phyllonorycter nigrescentella 10b the leaflet in only…

Lathyrus host plants

…mine weakly inflated; upper surface of mine essentially green; cremaster with two pairs of extremely slender spines: Phyllonoryter insignitella 5a the cocoon consists of a lining of the walls of the mine: Phyllonorycter nigrescentella 5b the cocoon consists of a thin film under and above the pupa: Phyllonorycter trifoliella 6a…

Medicago host plants

…set widely apart => 10 10a pupa: cremaster spines with a notch just below the terminal hook; abdomen segment 10 about as broad as long: Phyllonorycter medicaginella 10b cremaster spines not notched below the terminal hooks; abdomen segment 10 broader than long: Phyllonorycter insignitella 11a frass in concentric arcs; the…

genus Trifolium host plant genus

…miner Gracillariidae Parectopa ononidis leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter insignitella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter medicaginella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter nigrescentella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter trifoliella leaf miner Lycaenidae Polyommatus icarus leaf miner Psychidae Apterona helicoidella leaf miner Tortricidae Ancylis badiana leaf pustule Blastocladiales Physoderma trifolii leaf pustule Blastocladiales Physoderma vagans leaf…

Vicia host plants

…parasites per species 2a mine strongly inflated, almost the entire leaflet folding over it; upper surface mottled white; pupa: cremaster with two pairs of thorns that are set close together; especially the outer pair stout: Phyllonoryter nigrescentella 2b mine weakly inflated, its upper surface largely green; cremaster with two pairs…

Trifolium host plants

…m ine strongly inflated, almost the entire leaf folding over it; upper side white-mottled; cremaster with two pairs of thorns that are set close together; especially the outer pair stout: Phyllonoryter nigrescentella 2b mine weakly inflated, upper side largely green; cremaster with two pairs of thread thin spines, not set…

genus Lathyrus host plant genus

…Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter nigrescentella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter trifoliella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera lathyrifoliella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera orobi leaf miner main Tortricidae Ancylis badiana leaf pustule Chytridiales Synchytrium viride leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces viciae-fabae leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces lathyri-latifolii leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces…

genus Medicago host plant genus

Phyllonorycter medicaginella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter nigrescentella leaf miner Lycaenidae Polyommatus icarus leaf miner Psychidae Apterona gracilis leaf miner Psychidae Apterona helicoidella leaf pustule Chytridiales Synchytrium aureum leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces magnusii leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces punctatus leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces striatus leaf pustule…

Trifolium alpestre host plant species

…Dasineura trifolii leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza nana leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter insignitella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter nigrescentella leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces fallens leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces trifolii-repentis leaf pustule telia Pucciniales Uromyces flectens leaf pustule telia Pucciniales Uromyces trifolii stem borer Curculionidae Hypera nigrirostris…

Trifolium medium host plant species

…Dasineura axillaris leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe pisi var. pisi leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe trifoliorum leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora trifoliorum leaf leaf spot Helotiales Pseudopeziza trifolii leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Tricholaba trifolii leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza nana leaf miner Gracillariidae Parectopa ononidis leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter insignitella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter nigrescentella

Trifolium pratense host plant species

…Agromyza frontella leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza nana leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza congesta leaf miner Gelechiidae Aproaerema anthyllidella leaf miner Gelechiidae Syncopacma vinella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parectopa ononidis leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter insignitella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter nigrescentella leaf pustule Blastocladiales Physoderma trifolii leaf pustule Chytridiales Synchytrium aureum leaf pustule aecia…

Trifolium repens host plant species

…nana leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza congesta leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza brischkei leaf miner Gelechiidae Aproaerema anthyllidella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parectopa ononidis leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter medicaginella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter nigrescentella leaf pustule Blastocladiales Physoderma trifolii leaf pustule Chytridiales Synchytrium aureum leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces trifolii-repentis leaf…

genus Lotus host plant genus

…miner Coleophoridae Coleophora squamella leaf miner main Gelechiidae Syncopacma taeniolella leaf miner Gelechiidae Aproaerema anthyllidella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter insignitella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter nigrescentella leaf miner Lycaenidae Polyommatus icarus leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera lotella leaf miner Nepticulidae Trifurcula cryptella leaf miner Nepticulidae Trifurcula eurema leaf miner Nepticulidae Trifurcula manygoza…

Vicia sativa host plant species

…leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura viciae leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza bicophaga leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza lathyri leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza nana leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza viciae leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza congesta leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza xanthocera leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter nigrescentella leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces ervi leaf pustule…

Vicia sepium host plant species

…Agromyzidae Agromyza felleri leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza lathyri leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza viciae leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza vicifoliae leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza congesta leaf miner doubtful Agromyzidae Phytoliriomyza variegata leaf miner Cosmopterigidae Cosmopterix schmidiella leaf miner Gracillariidae Micrurapteryx gradatella leaf miner main Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter nigrescentella leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia…

Elachertus inunctus parasite

Elachertus inunctus Nees, 1834 parasite Ectoparasitoid in mines of Agonopterix heracliana; Leucoptera laburnella; ? Perittia obscurepunctella; Phyllonorycter blancardella, nicellii, nigrescentella; Tuta absoluta. host plants polyphagous Lycopersicon esculentum. distribution within Europe PESI (2022). references Askew (1968a), Vidal (1986a), Yarahmadi, Salehi & Lotfalizadeh (2016a)….

October, 2016 news

…Neovossia moliniae; Orchestes pilosus, testaceus; Parna tenella; Peronospora meliloti; Phyllactinia alnicola, betulae, orbicularis; Phyllocnistis saligna; Phyllonorycter emberizaepennella, issikii, nigrescentella; Phytomza hellebori, origani, podagrariae, tetrasticha; Podosphaera macrospora, xanthii; Puccinia obscura; Rabdophaga heterobia, rosaria; Rhizobium leguminosarum; Rhopalomyia campestris; Sawadaea bicornis; Scolioneura betuleti; Scythropia crataegella; Stigmella pretiosa, splendidissimella, styracicolella; Thelaxes dryophila; Tranzschelia discolor;…

Vicia dumetorum host plant species

…down Erysiphales Erysiphe baeumleri leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe pisi var. pisi leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza bicophaga leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza erythrocephala leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza nana leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter nigrescentella leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces viciae-fabae stem gall Apionidae Cyanapion gyllenhalii root collar vagrant Aphididae Megourella tribulis…

Trifolium rubens host plant species

…Coleophora paramayrella leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe trifoliorum leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora trifoliorum leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter nigrescentella leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces fallens leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces trifolii-repentis leaf pustule telia Pucciniales Uromyces flectens leaf pustule telia Pucciniales Uromyces trifolii stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis craccivora…

Lathyrus vernus host plant species

…borer larva Apionidae Synapion ebeninum fruit gall Curculionidae Tychius quinquepunctatus leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura lathyricola leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe trifoliorum leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora lathyri-verni leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Macrolabis orobi leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza orobi leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza bryoniae leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter nigrescentella leaf pustule Chytridiales Synchytrium…

genus Vicia host plant genus

…miner Coleophoridae Coleophora craccella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora vibicella leaf miner Cosmopterigidae Cosmopterix schmidiella leaf miner Drosophilidae Scaptomyza graminum leaf miner Gelechiidae Aproaerema anthyllidella leaf miner Gracillariidae Micrurapteryx gradatella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter nigrescentella leaf pustule Chytridiales Synchytrium aureum leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces ervi leaf pustule aecia…

Achrysocharoides nigricoxae parasite

Achrysocharoides nigricoxae (Delucchi, 1954) on Vicia parasite Parasitoid of Phyllonorycter nigrescentella. host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Vicia sepium. distribution within Europe PESI (2022). synonyms Enaysma nigricoxae. references Askew & Ruse (1974a)….