Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Phyllonorycter quercifoliella parasite

Phyllonorycter quercifoliella (Zeller, 1839) common oak midget Quercus robur, Rhenen; summer generation Quercus robur, Alkmaar; cocoon of the summer generation Quercus robur, Nederhorst den Berg; autumn generation Quercus robur, Reusel: mine with exuvium mine Lower surface tentiform mine, variable in size, (10)-15-(22) mm. Lower epidermis with one sharp fold. Pupa…

Phyllonorycter trojana parasite

Phyllonorycter trojana Deschka, 1982 Lepidoptera, Gracillariidae Quercus trojana; from A & Z Laštuvka (2007a) mine Small lower-surface tentiform mine with one strong fold; 9-20 mm lang. The roof is mostly completely eaten out. Cocoon in the mine; frass lies around it in horse-shoe shape. hostplants Fagceae, narrowly monophagous Quercus trojana….

Phyllonorycter cerris parasite

Phyllonorycter cerris (Gregor, 1952) on Quercus mine Mine canoot be distinguished from the one by Ph. quercifoliella. host plants Fagaceae, monophagous Quercus cerris, libani. distribution within Europe Czechia, Slovakia, Austria, Hungary, Montenegro. egg, larva, pupa not described. references Gregor, Šefrová, Laštůvka & Laštůvka (2022a)….

Phyllonorycter quercifoliella pupa parasite

Phyllonorycter quercifoliella Quercus robur, Crailo, Bussumerheide; cremaster, dorsal cremaster lateral, and detail of the extremely coarse dorsal spinulation of the last segments thorax abd1-4; the anterior angle of abd2-4 with a pair of large, outwards pointing spines Quercus robur, Alkmaar, Nijenrode estate; two more pictures of the cremaster See Gregor…

Quercus host plants

…clump: Phyllonorycter endryella 33b mine smaller => 34 34a cocoon covered by frass: Phyllonorycter rebimbasi 34b unknown: Phyllonorycter cocciferella 35a species from Crete: Phyllonorycter gerfriedi 35b species from the Greek mainland: Phyllonorycter olympica 36a mine very large; pupa in a flimsy cocoon, frass in a clump: Phyllonorycter endryella 36b mine…

genus Quercus host plant genus

…miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter ilicifoliella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter kuhlweiniella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter kusdasi leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter lautella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter messaniella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter muelleriella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter olympica leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter parisiella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter quercifoliella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter quercus leaf…

Quercus robur host plant species

Phyllonorycter kuhlweiniella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter lautella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter messaniella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter muelleriella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter quercifoliella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter roboris leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter sublautella leaf miner Gracillariidae Povolnya leucapennella leaf miner Heliozelidae Heliozela sericiella leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia albifasciella leaf miner Nepticulidae…

Quercus cerris host plant species

…Orchestes quercus leaf miner Eriocraniidae Dyseriocrania subpurpurella leaf miner Gracillariidae Acrocercops brongniardella leaf miner Gracillariidae Caloptilia alchimiella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter abrasella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter harrisella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter ilicifoliella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter lautella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter muelleriella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter roboris leaf miner Gracillariidae…

Quercus petraea host plant species

…Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter harrisella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter heegeriella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter kuhlweiniella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter lautella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter messaniella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter muelleriella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter quercifoliella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter roboris leaf miner Heliozelidae Heliozela sericiella leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia albifasciella leaf miner…

Quercus faginea host plant species

…quercusradicis leaf miner Bucculatricidae Bucculatrix ulmella leaf miner Gracillariidae Acrocercops brongniardella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter barbarella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter harrisella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter quercifoliella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter roboris leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia albifasciella leaf miner doubtful Nepticulidae Ectoedemia contorta leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia heringi leaf miner rarely…

Quercus trojana host plant species

…gall Cecidomyiidae Macrodiplosis pustularis leaf miner Bucculatricidae Bucculatrix ulmella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter abrasella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter kusdasi leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter quercifoliella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter trojana leaf miner doubtful Nepticulidae Ectoedemia gilvipennella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella szoecsiella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella trojana leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella zangherii…

Cocoon introduction

…Tischeria ekebladella on Oak: pupa in openend cocoon moths: Phyllonorycter Phyllonorycter larvae , whithin their tentiform mine, always make a silken cocoon, although the silk sometimes is spun so loosely that the cocoon is practically invisible. Some species make the cocoon contiguous with the inner wall of the mine, and…

Quercus x hispanica host plant species

…leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe alphitoides leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Dryomyia circinans leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Janetia cerris leaf miner Gracillariidae Acrocercops brongniardella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter messaniella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter quercifoliella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter roboris leaf miner Tischeriidae Tischeria decidua leaf miner Tischeriidae Tischeria dodonaea leaf miner Tischeriidae Tischeria ekebladella…

Quercus libani host plant species

synonym: Quercus vesca organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf miner doubtful Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter quercifoliella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter cerris leaf vagrant Nolidae Bena bicolorana leaf vagrant Nolidae Bena bicolorana leaf vagrant Notodontidae Harpyia milhauseri unknown unknown Chrysomelidae Psylliodes kasnakensis leaf gall agamous generation Cynipidae Cerroneuroterus lanuginosus flower…

Chrysocharis laomedon parasite

Chrysocharis laomedon (Walker, 1839) parasite Parasitoid of Phyllonorycter cerasicolella, issikii, maestingella, quercifoliella. host plants polyphagous Fagus sylvatica; Prunus cerasifera; Quercus petraea; Tilia cordata. distribution within Europe PESI (2022). references Szőcs, Thuróczy, Melika & Csóka (2015a)….

Sympiesis gordius parasite

Sympiesis gordius (Walker, 1839) /em>. parasite Parasitoïd of Acrocercops brongniardella; Lyonetia clerkella; Phyllonorycter acerifoliella, blancardella, cerasicolella, comparella, ? coryli, corylifoliella, froelichiella, geniculella, hilarella, issikii, kuhlweiniella, maestingella, oxyacanthae, platani, populifoliella, pyrifoliella, quercifoliella, rajella, roboris, scitulella. sorbi, strigulatella, trifasciella, ulmifoliella, Tischeria ekebladella. host plants polyphagous Acer; Alnus; Fagus sylvatica; Malus domestica; Platanus;…

Cirrospilus vittatus parasite

Cirrospilus vittatus Walker, 1838 parasite Ectoparasitoid on Agromyza albitarsis, demeijerei; Anoplonyx destructor; Calycomyza humeralis; Chromatomyia horticola; Ectoedemia occultella; Leucoptera laburnella; Liriomyza; Mompha raschkiella; Phyllocnistis citrella; Phyllonorycter quercifoliella, salicicolella; Phytomyza cytisi; Pristiphora laricis; Trifurcula eurema. host plants polyphagous Citrus; Cistus monspeliensis; Crataegus monogyna; Lotus cytisoides; Malus domestica; Populus; Quercus cerris. distribution…

Sympiesis sericeicornis parasite

Sympiesis sericeicornis (Nees, 1834) parasite Ectoparasitoid of. Aglais urticae, Apanteles; Caloptilia elongella; Cameraria ohridella; Epinotia sordidana; Fenusa dohrnii; Heterarthrus nemoratus; Lyonetia clerkella; Metallus pumilus; Metriochroa; Phyllocnistis labyrinthella; Phyllonorycter acerifoliella, agilella, alpina, blancardella, comparella, coryli, corylifoliella, cydoniella, dubitella, emberizaepeella, esperella, geniculella, heegeriella, hilarella, issikii, kuhlweiniella; ? lantanella, maestingella, mespilella, messaniella, nicellii,…

Cirrospilus diallus parasite

Cirrospilus diallus Walker, 1838 parasite Ectoparasitoid of Neuroterus numismalis; Phyllonorycter harrisella, quercifoliella; Phyllocnistis citrella. host plants polyphagous Citrus. distribution within Europe PESI (2022). references Askew (1968a), lo Pinto, Salerno & Wajnberg (2005a)….

Chrysocharis pentheus parasite

Chrysocharis pentheus (Walker, 1839) parasite Parasitoid of Chromatomyia horticola; Coptotriche heinemanni; Dyseriocrania subpurpurella; Fenusa dohrnii; Phyllocnistis citrella; Phyllonorycter comparella, heegeriella, maestingella, quercifoliella, roboris; Stigmella aurella, paradoxa, pyri; Tischeria ekebladella. host plants polyphagous Alnus glutinosa; Citrus; Crataegus monogyna; Doronicum hungaricum; Fagus sylvatica; Populus alba; Pyrus communis subsp. pyraster; Quercus cerris, petraea;…

Pnigalio longulus parasite

Pnigalio longulus (Zetterstedt, 1838) parasite Parasitoid in galls of ? Coleophora serratella; ? Nycteola revayana; Phyllonorycter blancardella, corylifoliella, froelichiella, hilarella, klemannella, quercifoliella, rajella, salictella; Prays oleae; Tischeria ekebladella. host plants polyphagous Olea europaea; Quercus. distribution within Europe PESI (2022). references Alissandrakis, Psirofonia, Kavallieratos, ao (2018a), Askew (1984a….

Cirrospilus elongatus parasite

Cirrospilus elongatus Bouček, 1959 parasite Parasitoid of Phyllonorycter quercifoliella; Prays oleae. host plants polyphagous Olea europaea; Quercus petraea. distribution within Europe PESI (2022). references Alissandrakis, Psirofonia, Kavallieratos, ao (2018a), Askew, Blasco-Zumeta & Pujade-Villar (2001a), Szőcs, Thuróczy, Melika & Csóka (2015a)….

Sympiesis dolichogaster parasite

Sympiesis dolichogaster Ashmead, 1888 parasite Parasitoid of Caloptilia fidella;Phyllonorycter comparella, populifoliella, quercifoliella, roboris; Tischeria ekebladella. host plants polyphagous Colutea; Populus alba; Quercus cerris, petraea. distribution within Europe PESI (2022). references Bouček (1959a), Szőcs, Thuróczy, Melika & Csóka (2015a)….

Cirrospilus viticola parasite

Cirrospilus viticola (Rondani, 1877) parasite Parasitoid of Phyllonorycter heegeriella, issikii, quercifoliella, roboris. host plants polyphagous Quercus petraea; Tilia cordata. distribution within Europe PESI (2022). synonyms Cirrospilus subviolaceus Thomson. 1878. references Askew (1968a), Szőcs, Thuróczy, Melika & Csóka (2015a)….

Neochrysocharis formosa parasite

Neochrysocharis formosa (Westwood, 1833) parasite Endoparasitoid of incl. Chromatomyia horticola; Liriomyza huidobrensis, sativae, trifolii; Micrurapteryx sophorivora; Phyllocnistis citrella; Phyllonorycter heegeriella, lautella, maestingella, quercifoliella; Stigmella, Tischeria ekebladella. host plants polyphagous Citrus; Fagus sylvatica; Phaseolus vulgaris; Quercus petraea; Robinia pseudoacacia; Spiraea media. distribution within Europe PESI (2022). synonyms Chrysonotomyia formosa; Neochrysocharis formosus….

Achrysocharoides robiniae parasite

Achrysocharoides robiniae Hansson & Shevtsova, 2010 parasite Parasitoid in mines of Macrosaccus robiniella; Phyllonorycter quercifoliella. host plants polyphagous Quercus petraea; Robinia pseudoacacia. distribution within Europe PESI (2022). references Hansson & Shevtsova (2010a), Jałoszyński (2018b), Szőcs, Thuróczy, Melika & Csóka (2015a)….

Closterocerus trifasciatus parasite

Closterocerus trifasciatus (Westwood, 1833) parasite Parasitoid in galls of Cameraria ohridella; Dryocosmus kuriphilus; Macrosaccus robiniella; Parectopa robiniella; Phyllocnistis citrella; Phyllonorycter comparella, heegeriella, quercifoliella, roboris; Profenusa pygmaea; Tischeria ekebladella. host plants polyphagous Aesculus hippocastanum; Castanea sativa; Citrus; Populus alba; Quercus cerris, petraea, pubescens; Robinia pseudoacacia. distribution within Europe PESI (2022). references…

Pediobius saulius parasite

Pediobius saulius (Walker, 1839) parasite Parasitoid in galls of Bucculatrix ulmella; Cameraria ohridella; Dryocosmus kuriphilus Phyllonorycter comparella, heegeriella, lautella, platani, quercifoliella, roboris; Tischeria ekebladella. host plants polyphagous Aesculus hippocastanum; Castanea sativa; Platanus acerifolia; Populus alba; Quercus cerris, petraea. distribution within Europe PESI (2022). references Kos, Lacković, Melika & Matošević (2021a),…

Conomorium patulum parasite

Conomorium patulum (Walker, 1835) parasite Parasitoid of Euproctis chrysorrhoea; Phyllonorycter quercifoliella. host plants polyphagous Quercus petraea. distribution within Europe PESI (2022). references Lotfalizadeh & Gharali (2008a), Szőcs, Thuróczy, Melika & Csóka (2015a)….

Achrysocharoides butus parasite

Achrysocharoides butus (Walker, 1839) on Querus parasite Parasitoid in mines of Phyllonorycter kuhlweiniella, quercifoliella. host plants Fagaceae, monophagous Quercus petraea, ronur. distribution within Europe PESI (2022). synonyms Enaysma butus. notes A reference to Fenusa pumila on Betula pendula is quite unlikely (cf Bryan). references Askew & Ruse (1974a), Bouček (1968a),…

Chrysocharis phryne parasite

Chrysocharis phryne (Walker, 1839) parasite Parasitoid in mines of Phyllonorycter emberizaepennella, lautella, quercifoliella, schreberella, sorbi; Stigmella lemniscella. host plants polyphagous Lonicera; Quercus; Sorbus; Symphoricarpos; Ulmus. distribution within Europe PESI (2022). references Gijswijt (1965a), Szőcs, Thuróczy, Melika & Csóka (2015a), Vidal (1986a)….

Achrysocharoides cilla parasite

Achrysocharoides cilla (Walker, 1839) parasite Parasitoid of Metallus pumilus; Phyllonorycter comparella, heegeriella, issikii, maestingella, quercifoliella, roboris, sorbi; Profenusa pygmaea. host plants polyphagous Fagus sylvatica; Populus alba; Quercus cerris, petraea; ? Rubus; Sorbus aucuparia; Tilia cordata. distribution within Europe PESI (2022). synonyms Enaysma cilla. references Askew & Ruse (1974a), Bryan (1980a,…

Achrysocharoides latreillii parasite

Achrysocharoides latreillii (Curtis, 1826) on Quercus parasite Parasitoid of Phyllonorycter harrisella, ilicifoliella, quercifoliella, roboris. host plants Fahaceae, monophagous Quercus cerris, petraea, robur. distribution within Europe PESI (2022). synonyms Achrysocharoides, Enaysma, latreilei. references Askew & Ruse (1974a), Bryan (1980a, 1983a), Szőcs, Thuróczy, Melika & Csóka (2015a)….

Pediobius pyrgo parasite

Pediobius pyrgo (Walker, 1839) parasite Parasitoid of Phyllonorycter quercifoliella, roboris; Tortrix viridana. host plants polyphagous Quercus cerris, pubescens. distribution within Europe PESI (2022). references Kondur & Şi̇mşek (2016a), Szőcs, Thuróczy, Melika & Csóka (2015a)….

Cirrospilus lyncus parasite

Cirrospilus lyncus Walker, 1838 parasite Parasitoid of Phyllonorycter heegeriella, issikii, lautella, “pomonella”,quercifoliella, roboris; Tischeria ekebladella. host plants polyphagous Malus domestica; Quercus petraea; Tilia cordata. distribution within Europe PESI (2022). references Askew (1968a), Gijswijt (1962a), Szőcs, Thuróczy, Melika & Csóka (2015a), Vidal (1986a)….