Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Phyllonorycter sorbi parasite

Phyllonorycter sorbi (Frey, 1855) rowan midget on Rosaceae, Maleae Sorbus aucuparia, Dronten, Roggebotbos © Hans Jonkman underside Sorbus aucuparia, Arnhem, Sonsbeek mine Lower-surface, yellow-green tentiform mine with a few sharp folds in the epidermis. In Rowan the mine isparallel to the leaf margin, in Cherry usually between two lateral veins….

Phyllonorycter cydoniella parasite

Phyllonorycter cydoniella (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) Malus domestica, Duin en Kruidberg – identification with much reservation! underside mine Elongated, lower surface, tentiform mine with one strong fold in the lower epidermis. Pupa in a white cocoon, in which no frass in incorporated; all frass in a clump in the mine….

Phyllonorycter deschkai parasite

Phyllonorycter deschkai Triberti, 2007 mine Lower-surface thin tentiform mine, 14-16 mm long, with only rarely some indistinct folds. Amelanchier ovalis; Cotoneaster integerrimus, nebrodensis; Sorbus aria, chamaemespilus. phenology Bivoltine, the dates dependent on th altitude; hibernation as pupa. distribution within Europe Alps, 500-1750 m (Triberti, 2007a). pupa Cremaster with two pair…

Phyllonorycter sorbi pupa parasite

Phyllonorycter sorbi Sorbus aucuparia, Gortelsche Berg; Prunus avium, Nieuwendam: cremasters See Gregor & Patočka (2001a), Patocka & Turčáni (2005a) and Triberti (2007a) for a description of the pupa. 1,vi.2009…

genus Sorbus host plant genus

…miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter cydoniella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter deschkai leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter hostis leaf miner rarely Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter leucographella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter mespilella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter oxyacanthae leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter sorbi leaf miner Incurvariidae Incurvaria pectinea leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera malifoliella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella…

Prunus host plants

Phyllonorycter cavella 8b cremaster shorter than wide => 9 9a pupa: cremaster with two pairs of spines, the inner pair not much smaller than the outer pair: Phyllonorycter sorbi 9b inner pair disticntly smaller than the outer one => 10 10a pupa: rear margin of cremaster weakly concave; sides of…

Sorbus host plants

Phyllonorycter sorbi 12b mine with either 1 strong or many feeble folds; rare species, in any case on this host plant => 13 13a pupa free in the mine, without a cocoon; cremaster with 1 pair of very slender spines: Phyllonorycter lantanella 13b pupa in a cocoon; cremaster with 2…

Cotoneaster host plants

…dirty white, with many blackish speckles: Phyllonorycter corylifoliella 4a lower epidermis yellow green, with conspicuous folds => 5 4b lower epidermis grey brown, wrinkled => 7 5a mountain species: Phyllonorycter deschkai 5b lowland species => 6 6a folds of the mine fine, rather weak: Phyllonorycter mespilella 6b folds strong, sharp:…

Crataegus host plants

…chiclanensis 33b pan-European species: Coleophora spinella (most common on Hawthorn), but see also C. prunifoliae and C serratella. Not included in the key: Coleophora adjectella (contradictions in the description), Coleophora coracipennella, Coleophora potentillael Liriomyza trifolii; Phyllonorycter blancardella (xenophagy?), Phyllonorycter macedonica (unsufficiently described); Phyllonorycter sorbi; Stigmella mespilicola (occurence on this host…

Pyrus host plants

…or silvery; positioned over a vein => 4 3b mine silvery, later orange-brown, between two veins: Callisto denticulella 4a fully developed mine silvery white, without black speckles: Phyllonorycter leucographella 4b fully developed mine dirty grey because of many black speckles on the upper epidermis: Phyllonorycter corylifoliella 5a mine epidermal, silvery,…

Sorbus aucuparia host plant species

Phyllonorycter mespilella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter oxyacanthae leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter sorbi leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera malifoliella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia atricollis leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella magdalenae leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella nylandriella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella oxyacanthella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella sorbi leaf miner Yponomeutidae…

Malus host plants

…mine silvery-white, without dark speckles: Phyllonorycter leucographella 5b fully developed mine dirty white because of many dark speckles: Phyllonorycter corylifoliella 6a mine remains rather flat; silvery at first, laer mostly orange brown: Callisto denticulella 6b mine very strongly contracted, remains silvery: Parornix petiolella 7a mine epidermal, silvery, later mostly orange…

genus Malus host plant genus

…Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter cerasicolella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter corylifoliella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter gerasimowi leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter hostis leaf miner rarely Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter leucographella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter mespilella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter pyrifoliella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter sorbi leaf miner Incurvariidae Incurvaria oehlmanniella leaf miner Incurvariidae Incurvaria pectinea leaf…

Cydonia host plants

…breeding) => 4 4a species common in NW Europe => 5 4b rare in NW Europe or more southern species: Phyllonorycter hostis, Ph. mespilella 5a pupa greyish brown: Phyllonorycter oxyacanthae 5b pupa reddish brown: Phyllonorycter sorbi 6a lobe case: Coleophora violacea 6b tubular leaf case (youth case, ca. 5 mm)…

genus Prunus host plant genus

…petiolella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix szocsi leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix torquillella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter anceps leaf miner rarely Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter cavella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter cerasicolella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter corylifoliella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter hostis leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter laurocerasi leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter mespilella leaf miner Gracillariidae…

Sorbus torminalis host plant species

…Psyllidae Cacopsylla albipes leaf miner Bucculatricidae Bucculatrix bechsteinella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix scoticella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter corylifoliella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter cydoniella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter hostis leaf miner rarely Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter leucographella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter mespilella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter oxyacanthae leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter sorbi leaf…

genus Crataegus host plant genus

…leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix anglicella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter corylifoliella leaf miner rarely Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter leucographella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter macedonica leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter mespilella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter oxyacanthae leaf miner rarely Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter sorbi leaf miner Incurvariidae Incurvaria masculella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera malifoliella leaf miner Lyonetiidae…

Chaenomeles host plants

…widening into a primary blotch: Lyonetia prunifoliella 1e fleck mine => 9 1f galls, etc => Tables for all parasites per species 2a mine upper-surface, silvery => 3 2b mine lower-surface: Phyllonorycter cydoniella, sorbi 3a fully developed mine silvery-white, without dark speckles : Phyllonorycter leucographella 3b fully developed mine witg…

genus Pyrus host plant genus

…Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter leucographella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter mespilella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter oxyacanthae leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter sorbi leaf miner Incurvariidae Incurvaria pectinea leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera malifoliella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia prunifoliella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella desperatella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella minusculella leaf miner…

Sorbus aria host plant species

…Coleophora trigeminella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix scoticella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter corylifoliella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter deschkai leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter mespilella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter sorbi leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella hybnerella leaf miner doubtful Nepticulidae Stigmella incognitella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella magdalenae leaf miner…

genus Cotoneaster host plant genus

Phyllonorycter leucographella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter mespilella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter sorbi leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera malifoliella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia prunifoliella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella hybnerella leaf miner doubtful Nepticulidae Stigmella incognitella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella magdalenae leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella mespilicola leaf miner…

genus Cydonia host plant genus

…Gelechiidae Recurvaria nanella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix anguliferella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter corylifoliella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter hostis leaf miner rarely Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter leucographella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter mespilella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter oxyacanthae leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter sorbi leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera malifoliella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella leaf…

Pyrus communis host plant species

Phyllonorycter hostis leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter mespilella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter oxyacanthae leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter sorbi leaf miner Incurvariidae Incurvaria pectinea leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera malifoliella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia prunifoliella leaf miner doubtful Nepticulidae Bohemannia pulverosella leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia atricollis leaf miner…

Sorbus domestica host plant species

…cerisolella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter corylifoliella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter cydoniella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter sorbi leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella nylandriella leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Gymnosporangium cornutum leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Gymnosporangium torminali-juniperini leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Epitrimerus pyri leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Dysaphis sorbi

Amelanchier host plants

…cydoniella 15b the bases of the inner pair partly overlap with the bases of the outer pair: Phyllonorycter blancardella 16a mine 14-16 mm long: Phyllonorycter deschkai 16b mine 20-32 mm long: Phyllonorycter mespilella Not included in the key: Callisto pfaffenzelleri; Caloptilia spec.; Coleophora trigeminella; Parornix anglicella, Parornix ornatella; Stigmella torminalis….

Cotoneaster integerrimus host plant species

…pfaffenzelleri leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter deschkai leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter mespilella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter sorbi leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera malifoliella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia prunifoliella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella magdalenae leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella oxyacanthella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella sorbi leaf miner Yponomeutidae Scythropia…

genus Chaenomeles host plant genus

Phyllonorycter leucographella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter sorbi leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera malifoliella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia prunifoliella leaf miner doubtful Nepticulidae Stigmella oxyacanthella leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Gymnosporangium confusum leaf vagrant spring generation Aphididae Rhopalosiphum oxyacanthae leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Myzus persicae leaf vagrant…

Sorbus intermedia host plant species

…Aphis pomi leaf gall Eriophyidae Eriophyes pyri leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora hemerobiella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix scoticella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter mespilella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter sorbi leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella sorbi leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Gymnosporangium cornutum leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Ochropsora ariae…

Prunus avium host plant species

…Coleophora spinella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora trigeminella leaf miner Curculionidae Rhamphus oxyacanthae leaf miner Gelechiidae Recurvaria nanella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix anguliferella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix finitimella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter corylifoliella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter hostis leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter sorbi leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera malifoliella leaf miner Lyonetiidae…

Malus sylvestris host plant species

…miner Gracillariidae Callisto denticulella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix petiolella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix scoticella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter blancardella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter corylifoliella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter sorbi leaf miner Incurvariidae Incurvaria oehlmanniella leaf miner Incurvariidae Incurvaria pectinea leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella leaf miner Nepticulidae Bohemannia pulverosella leaf…

Crataegus monogyna host plant species

…Parornix anglicella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter corylifoliella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter oxyacanthae leaf miner rarely Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter sorbi leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera malifoliella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia prunifoliella leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia atricollis leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella crataegella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella hybnerella leaf miner…

Malus domestica host plant species

…siccifolia leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora serratella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora spinella leaf miner Gelechiidae Recurvaria nanella leaf miner Gracillariidae Callisto denticulella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix petiolella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter blancardella leaf miner rarely Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter cerasicolella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter corylifoliella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter gerasimowi leaf miner Gracillariidae…

Prunus padus host plant species

…Eriophyes prunianus leaf gall Eriophyidae Phyllocoptes eupadi leaf gall Psyllidae Cacopsylla pruni leaf gall Taphrinales Taphrina wiesneri leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora coracipennella leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora spinella leaf miner Gracillariidae Callisto insperatella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix finitimella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter sorbi leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter spinicolella leaf miner Lyonetiidae…

Chaenomeles japonica host plant species

…siterata leaf hidden Tortricidae Ancylis tineana leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Pristiphora insularis leaf vagrant Aphididae Aphis gossypii leaf vagrant Aphididae Aphis spiraecola leaf down doubtful Erysiphales Podosphaera leucotricha leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter corylifoliella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter sorbi leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera malifoliella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella leaf miner Lyonetiidae…

Sorbus chamaemespilus host plant species

synonym: Pirus, Pyrus, chamaemespilus organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Gonioctena quinquepunctata fruit borer Tenthredinidae Hoplocampa chamaemespili leaf gall Eriophyidae Eriophyes pyri leaf gall Taphrinales Taphrina deformans leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix scoticella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter deschkai leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter sorbi leaf pustule aecia…

Sympiesis sericeicornis parasite

Sympiesis sericeicornis (Nees, 1834) parasite Ectoparasitoid of. Aglais urticae, Apanteles; Caloptilia elongella; Cameraria ohridella; Epinotia sordidana; Fenusa dohrnii; Heterarthrus nemoratus; Lyonetia clerkella; Metallus pumilus; Metriochroa; Phyllocnistis labyrinthella; Phyllonorycter acerifoliella, agilella, alpina, blancardella, comparella, coryli, corylifoliella, cydoniella, dubitella, emberizaepeella, esperella, geniculella, heegeriella, hilarella, issikii, kuhlweiniella; ? lantanella, maestingella, mespilella, messaniella, nicellii,…

Sympiesis gordius parasite

Sympiesis gordius (Walker, 1839) /em>. parasite Parasitoïd of Acrocercops brongniardella; Lyonetia clerkella; Phyllonorycter acerifoliella, blancardella, cerasicolella, comparella, ? coryli, corylifoliella, froelichiella, geniculella, hilarella, issikii, kuhlweiniella, maestingella, oxyacanthae, platani, populifoliella, pyrifoliella, quercifoliella, rajella, roboris, scitulella. sorbi, strigulatella, trifasciella, ulmifoliella, Tischeria ekebladella. host plants polyphagous Acer; Alnus; Fagus sylvatica; Malus domestica; Platanus;…

Hemiptarsenus ornatus parasite

Hemiptarsenus ornatus (Nees, 1834) parasite Ectoparasitoid in mines of Chromatomyia horticola; Elachista ? stabilella; Heterarthrus nemoratus; Phyllonorycter anderidae, sorbi; Stigmella aeneofasciella; Triberta helianthemella; Trifurcula cryptella (Stainton). host plants polyphagous Betula nana; Helianthemum; Populus nigra. distribution within Europe PESI (2022). synonyms Hemiptarsenus dropion (walker, 1839). references Askew (1968a), Bouček (1959a). Yefremova,…

Chrysocharis phryne parasite

Chrysocharis phryne (Walker, 1839) parasite Parasitoid in mines of Phyllonorycter emberizaepennella, lautella, quercifoliella, schreberella, sorbi; Stigmella lemniscella. host plants polyphagous Lonicera; Quercus; Sorbus; Symphoricarpos; Ulmus. distribution within Europe PESI (2022). references Gijswijt (1965a), Szőcs, Thuróczy, Melika & Csóka (2015a), Vidal (1986a)….

September, 2017 news

…cilicrus; Contarinia coryli, loti; Dothidella ulmi; Ectoedemia atricollis; Erysiphe divaricata, tortilis; Eudarluca caricis; Euura weiffenbachiella; Frommeëlla mexicana; Hemichroa crocea; Hybolasioptera fasciata; Kuehneola uredinis; Leucoptera malifoliella; Liriomyza pisivora; Macrolabis pilosellae; Mayetiola agrostidis, bromicola, culacera; Melampsora laricis-populina; Melampsorella symphyti; Mikiola fagi; Ophelimus maskelli; Paraconiothyrium tiliae; Parallelodiplosis galliperda; Phyllobrostis fregenella; Phyllonorycter sorbi; Pseudomicrostroma…

Achrysocharoides atys parasite

Achrysocharoides atys (Walker, 1839) parasite Parasitoid of Phyllonorycter blancardella, cydoniella, oxyacanthae. sorbi. host plants Rosaceae, oligophagous Crataegus monogyna; Malus domestica; Pyrus communis; Sorbus aucuparia. distribution within Europe PESI (2022). synonyms Enaysma atys. references Askew & Ruse (1974a), Bryan (1980a, 1983a), Vidal (1986a)….

Achrysocharoides cilla parasite

Achrysocharoides cilla (Walker, 1839) parasite Parasitoid of Metallus pumilus; Phyllonorycter comparella, heegeriella, issikii, maestingella, quercifoliella, roboris, sorbi; Profenusa pygmaea. host plants polyphagous Fagus sylvatica; Populus alba; Quercus cerris, petraea; ? Rubus; Sorbus aucuparia; Tilia cordata. distribution within Europe PESI (2022). synonyms Enaysma cilla. references Askew & Ruse (1974a), Bryan (1980a,…

August, 2016 news

New for the Benelux Liriomyza balcanica; Pegomya dulcamarae New for the Netherlands Agromyza dipsaci correction: galls on Bupleurum falcatum were not caused by Eryngiophaga hungarica but by: Planchonia arabidis. Unusual hostplant Phyllonorycter corylifoliella: Corylus avellana New pictures Acalyptris minimella; Aceria tenuis; Aequsomatus annulatus; Agromyza frontella, nana; Americina vittata; Andricus aries;…

genus Amelanchier host plant genus

…Gelechiidae Recurvaria nanella leaf miner Gracillariidae Callisto pfaffenzelleri leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix anglicella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix anguliferella leaf miner Gracillariidae Parornix ornatella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter deschkai leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter mespilella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Leucoptera malifoliella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella hybnerella leaf miner…

November, 2012 news

New species for the fauna of Belgium Phyllonorycter issikii; Phytomyza fallaciosa, ranunculivora, stolonigena; Stigmella sorbi. A case of xenophagy in Ectoedemia subbimaculella…

November, 2017 news

…pomi; Bremia cirsii; Camarotoscena speciosa; Campiglossa plantaginis; Caricosipha paniculatae; Ceruraphis eriophori; Chrysoesthia sexguttella; Coleophora atriplicis, coronillae; Cosmopterix scribaiella larva; Dasineura dioicae, lotharingiae; Dysaphis sorbi; Elachista maculicerusella; Entyloma microsporum; Erysiphe pisi var. pisi; Coleophora limoniella; Grapholita funebrana; Melampsora rostrupii; Microbotryum cordae; Phyllachora graminis; Phyllonorycter leucographella; Puccinia arenariae; Pucciniastrum epilobii; Roepkea marchali…