Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Phyllonorycter strigulatella parasite

Phyllonorycter strigulatella (Lienig & Zeller, 1846) grey-alder midget Alnus incana, Pietersberg detail mine Elongated, lower-surface, in the end tubular contracted tentiform mine, usually starting at a small distance from the midrib. The lower epidermis with many weak wrinkles but no clear folds. Often several mines in a leaf. All frass…

Phyllonorycter strigulatella pupa parasite

Phyllonorycter strigulatella Alnus incana, Pietersberg; thorax (note the pair of pits at the rear margin of the metanotum) and the dorsal spinulation of the abdomen the group of spines ventrally on abdomen 7. Alnus incana; cremaster of a specimen from southern England (coll. Rob Edmunds) Alnus incana, Pietersberg; in both…

Phyllonorycter strigulatella larva parasite

Alnus incana, Tilburg, de Kaaistoep; head dorsal The body is yellowish white….

Alnus host plants

…spines, directed outwards: Phyllonorycter rajella 13b species from southern Europe (France, Italy); pupa: this group of spines may be missing: Phyllonorycter vulturella 14a mountain species, on Alnus viridis => 15 14b lowland species, on other Alnus species => 16 14c of Phyllonorycter alnivorella, a species from south-western Europe, mine and…

genus Alnus host plant genus

…miner Eriocraniidae Paracrania chrysolepidella leaf miner Gracillariidae Caloptilia elongella leaf miner Gracillariidae Caloptilia falconipennella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter alnivorella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter alpina leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter chrysella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter froelichiella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter klemannella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter rajella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter stettinensis leaf…

Alnus incana host plant species

…Coleophoridae Coleophora milvipennis leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora serratella leaf miner Curculionidae Anoplus roboris leaf miner Curculionidae Orchestes testaceus leaf miner Gracillariidae Caloptilia elongella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter chrysella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter froelichiella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter klemannella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter rajella leaf miner Gracillariidae Phyllonorycter stettinensis leaf miner…

Sympiesis gordius parasite

Sympiesis gordius (Walker, 1839) /em>. parasite Parasitoïd of Acrocercops brongniardella; Lyonetia clerkella; Phyllonorycter acerifoliella, blancardella, cerasicolella, comparella, ? coryli, corylifoliella, froelichiella, geniculella, hilarella, issikii, kuhlweiniella, maestingella, oxyacanthae, platani, populifoliella, pyrifoliella, quercifoliella, rajella, roboris, scitulella. sorbi, strigulatella, trifasciella, ulmifoliella, Tischeria ekebladella. host plants polyphagous Acer; Alnus; Fagus sylvatica; Malus domestica; Platanus;…

Achrysocharoides splendens parasite

Achrysocharoides splendens (Deluchi, 1954) parasite Parasitoid of Phyllonorycter emberizaepennella, froelichiella, lautella, nicellii, schreberella, strigulatella, tenerella, trifasciella. host plants polyphagous Alnus glutinosa, incana; Corylus avellana; Lonicera periclymenum; Quercus robur; Sorbus; Ulmus. distribution within Europe PESI (2022). synonyms Enaysma splendens. references Askew & Ruse (1974a), Bryan (1980a, 1983a), Szőcs, Thuróczy, Melika &…