Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Stigmella betulicola parasite

…Balkan Peninsula, and the Mediterranean Islands (Fauna Europaea, 2009). larva synonyms Nepticula betulicola; Stigmella nanivora Petersen, 1930. notes In comparison with Stigmella luteella more frequent on seedlings (Emmet, 1983a; Johansson ao, 1990a). references Ahr (1966a), Anisimovas, Diškus & Stonis (2006a), Bachmaier (1965a), Bengtsson (2008a), Borkowski (1969a), Buhr (1935a, 1964a), Buszko…

Stigmella glutinosae parasite

Stigmella rubescens (Heinemann, 1871). notes It is not well possible to definitely discriminate a single mine from the one of Stigmella alnetella, unless a larva is available. Erik van Nieukerken (pers. comm.) found the mine depicted below on Birch. The mine resembles St. luteella, but lacks the characteristic beginning. A…

Stigmella luteella parasite

Stigmella luteella (Stainton, 1857) short-barred pigmy Betula pubescens, Duin en Kruidberg Betula pendula, Belgium, prov. Antwerp, Retie, Prinsenpark © Carina Van Steenwinkel hypophyllous egg and first section van de mine mine Egg at the underside of the leaf, mostly close to a vein. The mine is a fairly slender corridor…

Betula host plants

Betula birch (For a dichotomous table for galls on Betula by Hans Roskam click here) Dichotomous table for leafminers 1a mine ends in a round or oval excision => 2 1b blotch without a preceding corridor (or this corridor < 3 mm) => 6 1c blotch preceded by a corridor…

Shape introduction

luteella gives an example . Stigmella luteella on Birch A leaf vein is an obstable for a larve, especially near the centre of the leaf, where the veins, and the midrib in particular, are the thickest. Species that have problems in crossing veins are often seen to make a corridor…

genus Betula host plant genus

…clerkella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia prunifoliella leaf miner rarely Nepticulidae Stigmella alnetella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella betulicola leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella confusella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella continuella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella lapponica leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella luteella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella naturnella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella sakhalinella leaf miner Nepticulidae…

Betula pendula host plant species

…Lyonetiidae Lyonetia clerkella leaf miner Lyonetiidae Lyonetia prunifoliella leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia minimella leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia occultella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella betulicola leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella confusella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella continuella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella lapponica leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella luteella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella naturnella leaf miner…

Betula pubescens host plant species

Stigmella confusella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella continuella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella lapponica leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella luteella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella naturnella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella sakhalinella leaf miner Tenthredinidae Fenusa pumila leaf miner Tenthredinidae Fenusella nana leaf miner Tenthredinidae Heterarthrus nemoratus leaf miner Tenthredinidae Profenusa thomsoni leaf miner Tenthredinidae…

Betula nana host plant species

…anderidae leaf miner Incurvariidae Phylloporia bistrigella leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia minimella leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia occultella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella betulicola leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella confusella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella continuella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella lapponica leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella luteella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella tristis leaf miner Yponomeutidae Atemelia…

November, 2016 news

…Orchestes fagi, rusci; Pegomya setaria; Phyllactinia fraxini, mali, orbicularis; Phyllonorycter messaniella; Phytomyza angelicastri, plantaginis, thysselini; Phytophthora infestans; Planetella tumorifica; Puccinia aegopodii, nitida; Rhamphus oxyacanthae, pulicarius; Septoria galeopsidis; Steneotarsonemus spec.; Stigmella luteella, magdalenae, myrtillella, regiella, ruficapitella; Subanguina radicicola; Taphrina alni, wettsteiniana; Tetraneura nigriabdominalis; Trachys minutus; Triozidae larva; Ustilago trichophora; Xestophanes potentillae….