Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Stigmella aurella larva parasite

Stigmella aurella Rubus spec., Belgium, prov. Hainaut, Hensies © Jean-Yves Baugnée detail When larvae (and a miscroscope) are available, aurella can be distinguished from S. splendidissimella and poterii by the presence of a finely spinulose field near the rear margin of the pronotum; when the material has not been cleared…

Stigmella poterii parasite

Stigmella poterii (Stainton, 1857) downland pigmy Potentilla sp.; coll. JC Koster mine Egg generally at the upperside of the leaf, on a vein. The mine is a short corridor, no longer than 3 cm. Its first part is narrow and tends to follow a vein. The second part is rather…

Potentilla host plants

…=> 10 10a frass in the first section of the gallery diffuse, greyish green: Stigmella anomalella 10b frass black and granular, also in the first section: Stigmella splendidissimella 11a egg at the upperside: Stigmella poterii 11b egg at the underside => 12 12a lowland species: Stigmella aeneofasciella 12b always, or…

Sanguisorba host plants

…4 4a egg usually upper-surface; final part of corridor clearly widened: Stigmella poterii 4b egg generally lower-surface; corridor hardly widened towards the end => 5 5a first third of the corridor entirely filled with greenish frass: Stigmella anomalella 5b frass here in a narrow central line, leaving a clear zone…

genus Sanguisorba host plant genus

…Habroloma triangulare leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora potentillae leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora violacea leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella anomalella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella centifoliella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella muricatella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella poterii leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella rolandi leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella sanguisorbae leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella thuringiaca leaf miner Nepticulidae…

Filipendula host plants

Stigmella splendidissimella 8b eaa at the underside; gallery slender, widened at the end: Stigmella thuringiaca 9a lobe case => 10 9b spatulate leaf case => 11 10a case brown; mouth angle 0°-10°: Coleophora violacea 10b case usually whitish; mouth angle 30°-50°: Coleophora potentillae 11a case pale: Coleophora albicostella 11b case…

Rubus host plants

…contorted, following a vein; final part forming a secondary blotch (not in the Benelux): Ectoedemia erythrogonella 6a mine maximally 3 cm; first part narrow, following a vein or the leaf margin; second half clearly broader; very rare species: Stigmella poterii 6b mine > 3 cm => 7 7a corridor long…

Sanguisorba minor host plant species

…Nepticulidae Stigmella poterii leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella rolandi leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella thuringiaca leaf miner Psychidae Apterona helicoidella leaf pustule Chytridiales Synchytrium aureum leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia Pucciniales Phragmidium sanguisorbae leaf vagrant Triozidae Bactericera modesta stem gall Asterolecaniidae Planchonia arabidis root collar vagrant Aphididae Aphis sanguisorbae poterii leaf vagrant…

genus Potentilla host plant genus

…Incurvariidae Incurvaria praelatella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella aeneofasciella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella anomalella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella poterii leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella splendidissimella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella stelviana leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella thuringiaca leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella tormentillella leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia arcuatella leaf miner Psychidae Apterona helicoidella leaf miner…

Sanguisorba officinalis host plant species

…Agromyzidae Agromyza idaeiana leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia angulifasciella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella anomalella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella centifoliella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella poterii leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella sanguisorbae leaf miner Tischeriidae Coptotriche szoecsi leaf oviposition scar Tenthredinidae Empria testaceipes leaf pustule Chytridiales Synchytrium aureum leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia Pucciniales…

genus Rubus host plant genus

…oehlmanniella leaf miner Incurvariidae Incurvaria praelatella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella aurella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella auromarginella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella poterii leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella pretiosa leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella splendidissimella leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia erythrogenella leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia rubivora leaf miner Tenthredinidae Metallus albipes leaf miner Tenthredinidae Metallus…

Argentina anserina host plant species

…potentillae-anserinae leaf leaf spot Venturiales Venturia potentillae leaf gall Eriophyidae Cecidophyes potentillae leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza idaeiana leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza sulfuriceps leaf miner Buprestidae Trachys fragariae leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella aeneofasciella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella poterii leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella splendidissimella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella thuringiaca leaf miner Tenthredinidae…

Comarum host plants

…1a blotch mine => 2 1b gallery nine, starting at a semi-globular shining egg shell: Stigmella poterii 1c fleck mine; larva in a transportable case: Coleophora albicostella 1d galls, etc => Tables for all parasites per species 2a larva a maggot: Agromyza idaeiana 2b larva with differentiated head, and thoracic…

Potentilla tabernaemontani host plant species

…kratochvili flower borer larva Curculionidae Anthonomus germanicus leaf gall Eriophyidae Phyllocoptes parvulus leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza idaeiana leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora albicostella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella poterii leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella thuringiaca leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella tormentillella leaf miner Tenthredinidae Fenella nigrita leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia Pucciniales Phragmidium potentillae…

Potentilla erecta host plant species

…gall Eriophyidae Phyllocoptes parvulus leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza idaeiana leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza sulfuriceps leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia arcuatella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella aeneofasciella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella poterii leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella tormentillella leaf miner Tenthredinidae Fenella nigrita leaf pustule Chytridiales Synchytrium pilificum leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia Pucciniales…

Rubus saxatilis host plant species

…aphanis leaf leaf spot Venturiales Coleroa chaetomium leaf gall Aphididae Aulacorthum cylactis leaf gall Eriophyidae Aceria silvicola leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza idaeiana leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza sulfuriceps leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia rubivora leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella aurella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella poterii leaf miner Tenthredinidae Metallus pumilus leaf miner Tischeriidae…

Rubus arcticus host plant species

arctic bramble organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Cladius brullei leaf scale Aleyrodidae Aleyrodes lonicerae leaf down Erysiphales Podosphaera aphanis leaf gall Eriophyidae Aceria silvicola leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia rubivora leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella poterii leaf pustule Pucciniales Arthuriomyces peckianus leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia…

Rubus chamaemorus host plant species

…Acleris caledoniana leaf scale Aleyrodidae Aleyrodes lonicerae leaf gall Aphididae Aulacorthum cylactis leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora plumbella leaf miner Incurvariidae Incurvaria oehlmanniella leaf miner Nepticulidae Ectoedemia rubivora leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella poterii leaf pustule uredinia telia doubtful Pucciniales Pucciniastrum arcticum leaf vagrant Aphididae Amphorophora rubi leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Calepitrimerus chamaemori…

Comarum palustre host plant species

…Neophytobius muricatus unknown borer larva Curculionidae Anthonomus brunnipennis leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Ramularia grevilleana leaf gall larva Attelabidae Apoderus erythropterus leaf down Erysiphales Podosphaera aphanis leaf leaf spot Blastocladiales Physoderma comari leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza idaeiana leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora albicostella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella poterii leaf miner Tenthredinidae Fenella…

genus Comarum host plant genus

…muricatus leaf vagrant larva Curculionidae Pelenomus commari unknown borer larva Curculionidae Anthonomus brunnipennis leaf gall larva Attelabidae Apoderus erythropterus leaf down Erysiphales Podosphaera aphanis leaf leaf spot Blastocladiales Physoderma comari leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza idaeiana leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora albicostella leaf miner Nepticulidae Stigmella poterii leaf miner Tenthredinidae Fenella nigrita…