Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Yponomeuta cagnagella parasite

Yponomeuta cagnagella (Hübner, 1813) spindle ermine mine Small, full depth blotch, mainly in the younger leaves. The larvae soon start living free, making the well-known collective spinnings that can shroud entire shrubs. host plants Celastraceae, monophagous Euonymus europaeus, japonicus, verrucosus. phenology Larvae mine in April-May (Agassiz, 1996a; Hering, 1957a). BENELUX…

Euonymus host plants

…free => 2 1c galls, etc => Tables for all parasites per species 2a blotch small, full depth; older larvae, often in large numbers, in a collective spinning: Yponomeuta cagnagella 2b blotch large, upper surface; free-living larvae in a rolled leaf: Gracillaria syringella Not included in the key: Scythropia crataegella….

genus Euonymus host plant genus

…mirabilis stem vagrant Flatidae Metcalfa pruinosa leaf hidden Ypsolophidae Ypsolopha mucronella leaf hidden Yponomeutidae Yponomeuta plumbella leaf hidden Yponomeutidae Yponomeuta irrorella leaf vagrant Tortricidae Cacoecimorpha pronubana fruit borer Pyralidae Nephopterix angustella leaf scale Aleyrodidae Neopealius rubi stem scale Coccidae Saissetia oleae stem vagrant rarely Aphididae Acyrthosiphon pisum leaf scale Diaspididae…

Euonymus europaeus host plant species

…Lycaenidae Celastrina argiolus leaf vagrant Geometridae Ligdia adustata leaf vagrant Sphingidae Acherontia atropos stem borer Buprestidae Agrilus graminis stem borer Buprestidae Agrilus roscidus stem borer Buprestidae Agrilus convexicollis leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Eucoeliodes mirabilis leaf hidden Ypsolophidae Ypsolopha mucronella leaf hidden Yponomeutidae Yponomeuta plumbella leaf hidden Yponomeutidae Yponomeuta irrorella fruit…

Eupelmus barai parasite

…Diplolepis spinosissimae; Iraella ionescui; Isocolus scabiosae; Liposthenes glechomae, kerneri; Neodiprion sertifer; Neuroterus albipes; Panteliella bicolor; Phanacis centaureae; Tetramesa brevicornis, cylindrica; Timaspis phoenixopodos, rufipes; Trigonaspis brunneicornis, mendesi; Xestophanes potentillae, szepligetii. Lepidoptera Coleophora silenella; Millieria dolosalis; Rhyacionia buoliana; Yponomeuta cagnagella, malinellus host plants polyphagous Aristolochia clematitis; Centaurea; Crepis foetida; Eryngium campestre; Papaver…

Euonymus japonicus host plant species

…Aphis fabae evonymi stem scale Coccidae Pulvinaria regalis leaf scale Coccidae Pulvinaria floccifera leaf vagrant Aphididae Aphis gossypii leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Aphis fabae stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis aurantii leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe euonymicola leaf scale Diaspididae Unaspis euonymi leaf miner Yponomeutidae Yponomeuta cagnagella stem gall Rhizobiales Agrobacterium tumefaciens…

Euonymus verrucosus host plant species

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf vagrant Geometridae Ligdia adustata leaf miner Yponomeutidae Yponomeuta cagnagella leaf hidden Ypsolophidae Ypsolopha mucronella stem scale Coccidae Pulvinaria vitis leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Aphis fabae fabae leaf gall Aphididae Aphis fabae evonymi leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe euonymi leaf gall Eriophyidae…