Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

gallers on Bunias

Dichotomous table for gallers on Bunias

by Hans Roskam

1a On flowers or leaves => 3

1b On root collar or on roots => 2

2a Rotund, succulent, usually one-sided, one-chambered gall, up to 8 (10) mm long, on root collar. Containing a single larva. B. erucago. Ceutorhynchus assimilis

2b Roots with conspicuous, succulent, compact swellings, with masses of minute spores in many cells. B. erucago, orientalis: Plasmodiophora brassicae

3a On leaves => 4

3b Flower buds swollen, unopened. Containing a single or several whitish to pale yellow, jumping larvae. B. erucago, orientalis: Contarinia nasturtii

4a Malformations caused by animal inducers => 5

4b Leaf blades of younger leaves often close to main venation with minor, pale green upward swellings; on the underside with a white down of branched conidiophores. B. orientalis: Peronospora buniadis

5a Basal leaves with expanded loose downward rolls, usually on one side. Infected leaf blade parts ± bumpy, arched, darker green; on underside a single or several froth-covered nymphs. B. orientalis: Philaenus spumarius

5b Petioles or axis with spindle-shaped swellings, 10–15 mm long, also deep green inside. Containing a single larva. B. erucago: Ceutorhynchus chalybaeus

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