Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

gallers on Kickxia

Dichotomous table for gallers on Kickxia spuria

by Hans Roskam

(comp. Linaria)

1a Galls on roots, sometimes encroaching onto basal stem part => 2

1b Spongy, pale green swelling on basal shoot parts; galls occasionally also encroaching onto leaf midrib. Ditylenchus dipsaci

2a Galls conspicuous, more or less globular to tuberous => 3

2b Side roots with slender spindle-shaped swellings on all sides, bearing side roots. Meloidogyne hapla

3a Roots with rotund swellings, containing a single, curved beetle larva in chamber. Rhinusa collina

3b Similar, irregular tuberose, compact swellings on upper part of main root, sometimes on basal stem part or terminally on side roots. Galls contain many black spores. Melanotaenium hypogaeum

Last modified 8.vii.2020