Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Eupteryx collina parasite

Eupteryx collina (Flor, 1861) on Mentha parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Lamiaceae, monophagous Mentha longifolia. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Bückle (2005a).

Eupteryx origani parasite

Eupteryx origani Zachvatkin, 1948 on Mentha, Origanum parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Lamiaceae, oligophagous Mentha longifolia; Origanum vulgare. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Bückle (2005a).

Eupteryx heydenii parasite

Eupteryx heydenii (Kirschbaum, 1869) on Chaerophyllum parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Apiaceae, monophagous Chaerophyllum hirsutum. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Bückle (2005a).

Erythria aureola parasite

Erythria aureola (Fallén, 1806) on Thymus parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Lamiaceae, monophagous Thymus. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Bückle (2005a).

Erythria parasite

Dikraneurini parasite

Macropsis remanei parasite

Macropsis remanei Nickel, 1999 on Salix parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Salicaceae, narrowly monophagous Salix elaeagnos. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Bückle (2005a).

Macropsis parasite

Macropsinae parasite

Javesella forcipata parasite

Javesella forcipata (Boheman, 1847) on Deschampsia, Holcus parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Deschampsia; Holcus. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Bückle (2005a).

Paradelphacodes paludosus parasite

Paradelphacodes paludosus (Flor, 1861) on Carex parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Cyperaceae, monophagous Carex panicea, rostrata. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Bückle (2005a).

Paradelphacodes parasite

Xanthodelphax flaveolus parasite

Xanthodelphax flaveolus (Flor, 1861) on Poa parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, monophagous Poa pratensis. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Bückle (2005a).

Litemixia pulchripennis parasite

Litemixia pulchripennis Asche, 1980 on Molinia parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, monophagous Molinia caerulea. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Bückle (2005a).

Litemixia parasite

Chlorionidea flava parasite

Chlorionidea flava Löw, 1885 on Sesleria parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, monophagous Sesleria caerulea. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Bückle (2005a).

Chlorionidea parasite

Euconomelus lepidus parasite

Euconomelus lepidus (Boheman, 1847) on Eleocharis parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Cyperaceae, monophagous Eleocharis quinqueflora. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Bückle (2005a).

Euconomelus parasite

Kelisia ribauti parasite

Kelisia ribauti Wagner, 1938 on Carex parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Cyperaceae, monophagous Carex nigra. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Bückle (2005a.

Kelisia pallidula parasite

Kelisia pallidula (Boheman, 1847) on Carex parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Cyperaceae, monophagous Carex panicea. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Bückle (2005a).

Kelisia vittipennis parasite

Kelisia vittipennis (Sahlberg, 1868) on Eriophorum parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Cyperaceae, monophagous Eriophorum. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Bückle (2005a).

Kelisia irregulata parasite

Kelisia irregulata Haupt, 1935 on Carex parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Cyperaceae, monophagous Carex flacca. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Bückle (2005a).

Kelisia guttula parasite

Kelisia guttula (Germar, 1818) on Carex parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Cyperaceae, monophagous Carex flacca. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Bückle (2005a).

Pentastiridius leporinus parasite

Pentastiridius leporinus (Linnaeus, 1761) on Phragmites parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, monophagous Phragmites australis. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Bückle (2005a).

Pentastiridius parasite

Cixius similis parasite

Cixius similis Kirschbaum, 1868 on trees parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Alnus glutinosa. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Bückle (2005a).

Cixius parasite

Cixiini parasite

Ommatidiotus dissimilis parasite

Ommatidiotus dissimilis (Fallén, 1806) on Carex, Eriophorum parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Cyperaceae, oligophagous Carex; Eriophorum. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Kunz & Holzinger (2018a).

Ommatidiotus parasite

Ommatidiotinae parasite

Caliscelidae parasite

Euides alpina parasite

Euides alpina (Wagner, 1948) on Phragmites parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, monophagous Phragmites australis. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Kunz & Holzinger (2018a).

Pseudodelphacodes flaviceps parasite

Pseudodelphacodes flaviceps (Fieber, 1866) on Calamagrostis parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, monophagous Calamagrostis pseudophragmites. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Kunz & Holzinger (2018a).

Pseudodelphacodes parasite

Cicadula quadrinotata parasite

Cicadula quadrinotata (Fabricius, 1794) on Carex parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Cyperaceae, monophagous Carex. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Trivellone (2010a).

Cicadula parasite

Myndus musivus parasite

Myndus musivus (Germar, 1825) on Salix parasite Larvae at the roots; adults free on the leaves. host plants Salicaceae, monophagous Salix. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Kunz & Holzinger (2018a), Trivellone (2010a).

Myndus parasite

Oecleini parasite

Stenocranus major parasite

Stenocranus major (Kirschbaum, 1868) on Phalaroides parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, monophagous Phalaroides arundinacea. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Trivellone (2010a).

Macrosteles septemnotatus parasite

Macrosteles septemnotatus (Fallén, 1806) on Filipendula parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Rosaceae, monophagous Filipendula ulmaria. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Trivellone (2010a).

Macrosteles parasite

Macrostelini parasite

Paralimnus phragmitis parasite

Paralimnus phragmitis (Boheman, 1847) on Phragmites parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, monophagous Phragmites australis. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Trivellone (2010a).

Paralimnus parasite

Stroggylocephalus agrestis parasite

Stroggylocephalus agrestis (Fallén, 1806) on Carex parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Cyperaceae, monophagous Carex. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Trivellone (2010a).

Stroggylocephalus parasite

Ahprodinae parasite

Megamelus notulus parasite

Megamelus notulus (Germar, 1830) on Carex parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Cyperaceae, monophagous Carex. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). synonyms Megamelus notula. references Trivellone (2010a).

Megamelus parasite

Paraliburnia adela parasite

Paraliburnia adela (Flor.1861) on Phalaroides parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, monophagous Phalaroides arundinacea. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Trivellone (2010a).

Paraliburnia parasite

Euides basilinea parasite

Euides basilinea (Germar, 1821) on Phragmites parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, monophagous Phragmites australis. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Trivellone (2010a).

Graphocephala fennahi parasite

Graphocephala fennahi Young, 1977 rhododendron leafhopper on Rhododendron parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Ericaceae, monophagous Rhododendron ponticum. phenology Univoltine; hibernation as egg. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). notes The species is native to North America and was introduced in the 1930’s to Great Britain and in the 1970’s to continental […]

Graphocephala parasite

Cicadellini parasite

Cicadellinae parasite

Psammotettix slovacus parasite

Psammotettix slovacus Dlabola, 1948 on Calamagrostis parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, monophagous Calamagrostis epigeios. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Malenovský & Lauterer (2010a.

Psammotettix poecilus parasite

Psammotettix poecilus (Flor, 1861) on Calamagrostis parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, monophagous Calamagrostis epigeios, pseudophragmites. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Malenovský & Lauterer (2010a).

Psammotettix nardeti parasite

Psammotettix nardeti Remane, 1965 on Nardus parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, monophagous Nardus stricta. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Malenovský & Lauterer (2010a).

Psammotettix parasite

Orientus ishidae parasite

Orientus ishidae (Matsumura, 1902) japanese, mosaic, leafhopper on deciduous trees parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Betula pendula; Malus domestica; Salix alba, caprea, purpurea. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Malenovský & Lauterer (2010a).

Orientus parasite

Metalimnus steini parasite

Metalimnus steini (Fieber, 1869) on Carex parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Cyperaceae, monophagous Carex hirta. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Malenovský & Lauterer (2010a), Musik & Taszakowski (2013a).

Metalimnus parasite

Calamotettix taeniatus parasite

Calamotettix taeniatus (Horváth, 1911) on Phragmites parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, monophagous Phragmites australis. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Kunz & Holzinger (2018a), Malenovský & Lauterer (2010a).

Calamotettix parasite

Paralimnini parasite

Anoplotettix horvathi parasite

Anoplotettix horvathi Metcalf, 1952 on grasses parasite Larvae on grasses, adults on the leaves of deciduous trees. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Malenovský & Lauterer (2010a).

Anoplotettix parasite

Allygus maculatus parasite

Allygus maculatus Ribaut, 1952 on grasses parasite Larvae on grasses, adults on the leaves of deciduous trees. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Malenovský & Lauterer (2010a).

Allygus parasite

Allygidius mayri parasite

Allygidius mayri (Kirschbaum, 1868) on grasses parasite Larvae on grasses, adults on the leaves of deciduous trees. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Malenovský & Lauterer (2010a).

Allygidius parasite

Athysanini parasite

Deltocephalinae parasite

Zyginidia mocsaryi parasite

Zyginidia mocsaryi (Horváth, 1910) on Drymochloa, Sesleria parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Drymochloa sylvatica; Sesleria caerulea. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Bückle (2005a), Malenovský & Lauterer (2010a).

Zyginidia parasite

Erythroneurini parasite

Zyginella pulchra parasite

Zyginella pulchra Löw, 1885 on Acer, etc. parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Sapindaceae, monophagous Acer campestre, monspessulanum, platanoides, pseudoplatanum. Rarely Alnus; Crataegus; Quercus, phenology Hiberates as imago on conifers. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Malenovský & Lauterer (2010a).

Zyginella parasite

Zyginellini parasite

Kybos calyculus parasite

Kybos calyculus (Cerutti, 1939) on Betula parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Betulaceae, monophagous Betula pendula, pubescens. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Malenovský & Lauterer (2010a).

Kybos abstrusus parasite

Kybos abstrusus (Linnavuori, 1949) on Populus parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Salicaceae, monophagous Populus nigra. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Malenovský & Lauterer (2010a).

Kybos parasite

Kyboasca maligna parasite

Kyboasca maligna (Walsh, 1862) on Malus, etc. parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Rpsaceae, oligophagous Crataegus; Malus; Prunus amygdaloides; Rosa canina. However, also mentioned from Carpinus betulus distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Malenovský & Lauterer (2010a).

Kyboasca parasite

Eurhadina kirschbaumi parasite

Eurhadina kirschbaumi Wagner, 1937 on Quercus parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Fagaceae, monophagous Quercus petraea, robur. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Malenovský & Lauterer (2010a).

Eurhadina parasite

Eupteryx decemnotata parasite

Eupteryx decemnotata Rey, 1891 ligurian leafhopper parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Lamiaceae, oligophagous Nepeta x faassenii; Rosmarinus officinalis; Salvia officinalis. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Malenovský & Lauterer (2010a).

Eupteryx parasite

Empoasca ossiannilssoni parasite

Empoasca ossiannilssoni Nuorteva, 1948 on ? Picea, ? Prunus parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants ? polyphagous ? Picea abies; ? Prunus padus. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Malenovský & Lauterer (2010a).

Empoasca apicalis parasite

Empoasca apicalis (Flor, 1891) on Lonicera, Sambucus parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Adoxaceae, Caprifoliaceae, narrowly polyphagous Lonicera; Sambucus ebulus. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Malenovský & Lauterer (2010a).

Empoasca parasite

Empoascini parasite

Edwardsiana stehliki parasite

Edwardsiana stehliki Lauterer, 1958 on Corylus parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Betulaceae, monophagous Corylus avellana, maxima. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Malenovský & Lauterer (2010a).

Edwardsiana soror parasite

Edwardsiana soror (Linnavuori, 1950)v on Alnus parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Betulaceae, monophagous Alnus incana. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Malenovský & Lauterer (2010a).

Edwardsiana rosaesugans parasite

Edwardsiana rosaesugans (Cerutti, 1939) on Rosa parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Rosaceae, monophagous Rosa ? canina, pendulina. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Malenovský & Lauterer (2010a).

Edwardsiana alnicola parasite

Edwardsiana alnicola (Edwards, 1924) on Alnus parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Betulaceae, monophagous Alnus glutinosa. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Malenovský & Lauterer (2010a).

Edwardsiana parasite

Typhlocybini parasite

Typhlocybinae parasite

Idiocerinae parasite

Ribautodelphax pallens parasite

Ribautodelphax pallens (Stål, 1854) on Festuca parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, monophagous Festuca ovina. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Malenovský & Lauterer (2010a).

Ribautodelphax angulosus parasite

Ribautodelphax angulosus (Ribaut, 1953) on Anthoxanthum parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, monophagous Anthoxanthum odoratum. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). synonyms Ribautodelphax angulosa. references Malenovský & Lauterer (2010a).

Nothodelphax distinctus parasite

Nothodelphax distinctus (Flor, 1861) on Eriophorum parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Cyperaceae, monophagous Eriophorum vaginatum. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). synonyms Nothodelphax distincta. references Malenovský & Lauterer (2010a).

Nothodelphax albocarinatus parasite

Nothodelphax albocarinatus (Stål, 1858) on Carex parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Cyperaceae, monophagous Carex limosa. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). synonyms Nothodelphax albocarinata. references Malenovský & Lauterer (2010a).

Nothodelphax parasite

Kelisia sima parasite

Kelisia sima Ribaut, 1934 on Carex parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Cyperaceae, monophagous Carex flava. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Bückle (2005a), Malenovský & Lauterer (2010a).

Kelisia punctulum parasite

Kelisia punctulum (Kirschbaum, 1868) on Carex parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Cyperaceae, monophagous Carex acutiformis. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Malenovský & Lauterer (2010a).

Javesella salina parasite

Javesella salina (Haupt, 1924) on “grasses” parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Juncaceae, Poaceae, restricted polyphagous Briza media; Juncus gerardi; Puccinellia distans. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Malenovský & Lauterer (2010a).

Gravesteiniella boldi parasite

Gravesteiniella boldi (Scott, 1870) on Ammophila parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, monophagous Ammophila arenaria. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Malenovský & Lauterer (2010a).

Gravesteiniella parasite

Florodelphax paryphasma parasite

Florodelphax paryphasma (Flor, 1861) on Carex parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Cyperaceae, monophagous Carex disticha. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Malenovský & Lauterer (2010a).

Florodelphax parasite

Ditropsis flavipes parasite

Ditropsis flavipes (Signoret, 1865) on Bromopsis parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, monophagous Bromopsis erecta. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Malenovský & Lauterer (2010a).

Ditropsis parasite

Delphax pulchellus parasite

Delphax pulchellus (Curtis, 1833) on Phragmites parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, monophagous Phragmites australis. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Malenovský & Lauterer (2010a).

Criomorphus williamsi parasite

Criomorphus williamsi China,1939 on ? Poa parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, monophagous Poa ? palustris, ? trivialis. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Malenovský & Lauterer (2010a).

Criomorphus parasite

Chloriona vasconica parasite

Chloriona vasconica Ribaut, 1934 on Phragmites parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, monophagous Phragmites australis. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Malenovský & Lauterer (2010a).

Chloriona sicula parasite

Chloriona sicula Matsumura, 1910 on Phragmites parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, monophagous Phragmites australis. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Malenovský & Lauterer (2010a).

Chloriona glaucescens parasite

Chloriona glaucescens Fieber, 1866 on Phragmites parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, monophagous Phragmites australis. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Malenovský & Lauterer (2010a).

Chloriona clavata parasite

Chloriona clavata Dlabola, 1960 on Phragmites parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, monophagous Phragmites australis. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Malenovský & Lauterer (2010a).

Xanthodelphax stramineus parasite

Xanthodelphax stramineus (Stål, 1858) on Agrostis parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, monophagous Agrostis. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). synonyms Xanthodelphax straminea. references Malenovský, Baňař & Kment (2011a).

Xanthodelphax parasite

Stenocranus fuscovittatus parasite

Stenocranus fuscovittatus (Stål, 1858) on Carex parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Cyperaceae, monophagous Carex acuta, acutiformis, elata, panicea, paniculata. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Malenovský & Lauterer (2010a), Musik & Taszakowski (2013a).

Stenocranus minutus parasite

Stenocranus minutus (Fabricius, 1787) on Dactylis parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, monophagous Dactylis. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Malenovský, Baňař & Kment (2011a).

Stenocranus parasite

Stenocraninae parasite

Ribautodelphax pungens parasite

Ribautodelphax pungens (Ribaut, 1953) on Brachypodium parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, monophagous Brachypodium pinnatum. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Malenovský, Baňař & Kment (2011a).

Ribautodelphax imitans parasite

Ribautodelphax imitans (Ribaut, 1953) tall fescue planthopper on Schedonorus parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, monophagous Schedonorus arundinaceus, ? pratensis. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Malenovský, Baňař & Kment (2011a), Malenovský & Lauterer (2010a).

Ribautodelphax albostriatus parasite

Ribautodelphax albostriatus (Fieber, 1866) on Poa parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, monophagous Poa angustifolia, pratensis. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). synonyms Ribautodelphax albostriata. references Malenovský, Baňař & Kment (2011a), Trivellone (2010a).

Ribautodelphax parasite

Muirodelphax aubei parasite

Muirodelphax aubei (Perris, 1857) on Poa parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, monophagous Poa pratensis. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Malenovský, Baňař & Kment (2011a).

Muirodelphax parasite

Muellerianella brevipennis parasite

Muellerianella brevipennis (Boheman, 1847) on Deschampsia parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, monophagous Deschampsia cespitosa. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Malenovský, Baňař & Kment (2011a).

Muellerianella parasite

Mirabella albifrons parasite

Mirabella albifrons (Fieber, 1866) on Calamagrostis parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, monophagous Calamagrostis epigeios. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Malenovský, Baňař & Kment (2011a).

Mirabella parasite

Metropis inermis parasite

Metropis inermis Wagner, 1939 on Festuca parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, monophagous Festuca. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Malenovský, Baňař & Kment (2011a).

Metropis parasite

Megadelphax sordidulus parasite

Megadelphax sordidulus (Stål, 1853) on Arrhenatherum parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, monophagous Arrhenatherum elatius. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). synonyms Megadelphax sordidula. references Malenovský, Baňař & Kment (2011a).

Megadelphax parasite

Kosswigianella exigua parasite

Kosswigianella exigua (Boheman, 1847) on Festuca parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, monophagous Festuca. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Malenovský, Baňař & Kment (2011a).

Kosswigianella parasite

Kelisia praecox parasite

Kelisia praecox Haupt, 1935 on Carex parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Cyperaceae, monophagous Carex brizoides. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Malenovský, Baňař & Kment (2011a), Malenovský & Lauterer (2010a), Musik & Taszakowski (2013a).

Kelisia monoceros parasite

Kelisia monoceros Ribaut, 1934 on Carex parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Cyperaceae, monophagous Carex cuprina, muricata, sempervirens. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Malenovský, Baňař & Kment (2011a), Malenovský & Lauterer (2010a).

Kelisia confusa parasite

Kelisia confusa Linnavuori, 1957 on Carex parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Cyperaceae, monophagous Carex acutiformis, elata. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Malenovský, Baňař & Kment (2011a), Malenovský & Lauterer (2010a).

Kelisia parasite

Javesella dubia parasite

Javesella dubia (Kirschbaum, 1868) on Agrostis parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, monophagous Agrostis. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Malenovský, Baňař & Kment (2011a).

Javesella parasite

Eurysula lurida parasite

Eurysula lurida (Fieber, 1866) on Calamagrostis parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, monophagous Calamagrostis epigeios. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Malenovský, Baňař & Kment (2011a).

Eurysula parasite

Eurybregma nigrolineata parasite

Eurybregma nigrolineata Scott, 1875 on Elytrigia parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, monophagous Elytrigia repens. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Malenovský, Baňař & Kment (2011a).

Eurybregma parasite

Ditropis flavipes parasite

Ditropis flavipes (Signoret, 1865) on Bromopsis parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, monophagous Bromopsis erecta. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Malenovský, Baňař & Kment (2011a).

Delphax crassicornis parasite

Delphax crassicornis (Panzer, 1796) on Phragmites parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, monophagous Phragmites australis. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Malenovský, Baňař & Kment (2011a).

Delphax parasite

Conomelus lorifer parasite

Conomelus lorifer Ribaut, 1948 on Juncus parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Juncaceae, monophagous Juncus effusus. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Malenovský, Baňař & Kment (2011a), Trivellone (2010a).

Conomelus parasite

Chloriona unicolor parasite

Chloriona unicolor (Herrich-Schäffer, 1835) on Phragmites parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, monophagous Phragmites australis. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Malenovský, Baňař & Kment (2011a), Malenovský & Lauterer (2010a.

Chloriona smaragdula parasite

Chloriona smaragdula (Stål, 1853) on Phragmites parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, monophagous Phragmites australis. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Malenovský, Baňař & Kment (2011a).

Chloriona dorsata parasite

Chloriona dorsata Edwards, 1898 on Phragmites parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, monophagous Phragmites australis. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Malenovský, Baňař & Kment (2011a), Malenovský & Lauterer (2010a).

Chloriona parasite

Anakelisia perspicillata parasite

Anakelisia perspicillata (Boheman, 1845) on Carex parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Cyperaceae, monophagous Carex flacca, pilulifera. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Bückle (2005a), Malenovský, Baňař & Kment (2011a).

Anakelisia parasite

Kelisiinae parasite

Acanthodelphax spinosus parasite

Acanthodelphax spinosus (Fieber, 1866) on Festuca parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, monophagous Festuca. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). synonyms Acanthodelphax spinosa. references Malenovský, Baňař & Kment (2011a).

Acanthodelphax parasite

Delphacini parasite

Delphacinae parasite

Delphacidae parasite

Hyalesthes obsoletus parasite

Hyalesthes obsoletus Signoret, 1835 on herbs parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Convolvulus arvensis; Urtica dioica. Adults on many more species. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). notes H. obsoletus is the best known of a complex of cryptic species (Kosovac ao). references Kosovac, Johannesen, Krstić, ao (2018a), Malenovský, Baňař & […]

Hyalesthes parasite

Pentastirina parasite

Pentasitiini parasite

Cixiidae parasite

Tingis ragusana parasite

Tingis ragusana (Fieber, 1861) on Stachys parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Lamiaceae, monophagous Stachys alpina, germanica, sylvatica. phenology Hibernation as imago. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Stehlík (2002a).

Tingis maculata parasite

Tingis maculata (Herrich-Schäffer, 1838) on Stachys parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Lamiaceae, monophagous Stachys recta. phenology Hibernation as imago. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Stehlík (2002a).

Tingis geniculata parasite

Tingis geniculata (Fieber, 1844) on Prunella, Stachys parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Lamiaceae, oligophagous Prunella; Stachys. phenology Hibernation as imago. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Stehlík (2002a).

Tingis caucasica parasite

Tingis caucasica (Jakovlev, 1880) on Ajuga parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Lamiaceae, monophagous Ajuga. phenology Hibernation as imago. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Stehlík (2002a).

Tingis pilosa parasite

Tingis pilosa Hummel, 1825 on Lamium, etc. parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Lamiaceae, oligophagous Galeopsis tetrahit; Lamium album, purpureum. phenology Hibernation as imago. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Stehlík (2002a).

Tingis grisea parasite

Tingis grisea Germar, 1835 on Centaurea parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Centaurea stoebe. phenology Hibernation as imago. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Stehlík (2002a).

Tingis auriculata parasite

Tingis auriculata (Costa, 1847) on Daucus parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Apiaceae, monophagous Daucus carota. phenology Hibernation as imago. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Stehlík (2002a).

Tingis angustata parasite

Tingis angustata (Herrich-Schäffer, 1838) on thistles parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Asteraceae, oligophagous ? Anthemis macedonica subsp. stribrnyi; Carduus; Cirsium arvense; Onopordum acanthium. phenology Hibernation as imago. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Stehlík (2002a).

Tingis ampliata parasite

Tingis ampliata (Herrich-Schäffer, 1838) creeping thistle lacebug on Cirsium parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Cirsium arvense, palustre. phenology Hibernation as imago. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Stehlík (2002a), Viskens, Bruers & Vercauteren (0000a).

Tingis cardui parasite

Tingis cardui (Linnaeus, 1758) spear thistle lacebug on Carduus, Cirsium parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Asteraceae, oligophagous Carduus acanthoides; Cirsium vulgare. phenology Hibernation as imago. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Pagola-Carte & Zabalegui (2006a).Stehlík (2002a), Viskens, Bruers & Vercauteren (0000a).

Tingis reticulata parasite

Tingis reticulata Herrich-Schaffer, 1835 on Ajuga parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Lamiaceae, monophagous Ajuga reptans. phenology Hibernation as imago. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Pagola-Carte & Zabalegui (2006a), Stehlík (2002a).

Tingis pauperata parasite

Tingis pauperata (Puton, 1879) on Phlomis parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Lamiaceae, monophagous Phlomis herba-venti. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Pagola-Carte & Zabalegui (2006a).

Tingis marrubii parasite

Tingis marrubii Vallot, 1829 on Marrubium parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Lamiaceae, monophagous Marrubium vulgare. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Pagola-Carte & Zabalegui (2006a), Stehlík (2002a).

Physatocheila dumetorum parasite

Physatocheila dumetorum (Herrich-Schäffer, 1838) on Crataegus parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Rosaceae, monophagous Crataegus monogyna. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Pagola-Carte & Zabalegui (2006a).

Physatocheila parasite

Phaenotropis parvula parasite

Phaenotropis parvula (Signoret, 1865) on Dorycnium parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Dorycnium pentaphyllum. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Pagola-Carte & Zabalegui (2006a).

Phaenotropis parasite

Oncochila simplex parasite

Oncochila simplex (Herrich-Schäffer, 1830) on Euphorbia parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Euphorbiaceae, monophagous Euphorbia amygdaloides, cyparissias. phenology Hibernation as imago. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Pagola-Carte & Zabalegui (2006a), Stehlík (2002a).

Oncochila parasite

Lasiacantha gracilis parasite

Lasiacantha gracilis (Herrich-Schäffer, 1830) on Linum parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Linaceae, monophagous Linum perenne, tenuifolium, usitatissimum. phenology Hibernation as egg. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Stehlík (2002a).

Lasiacantha capucina parasite

Lasiacantha capucina (Germar, 1837) on Thymus parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Lamiaceae, monophagous Thymus serpyllum, vulgaris. phenology Hibernation as imago. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Pagola-Carte & Zabalegui (2006a), Stehlík (2002a).

Lasiacantha parasite

Hyalochiton komaroffii parasite

Hyalochiton komaroffii (Jakovlev, 1880) on Teucrium parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Lamiaceae, monophagous Teucrium montanum, polium. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Pagola-Carte & Zabalegui (2006a), Stehlík (2002a).

Hyalochiton parasite

Galeatus maculatus parasite

Galeatus maculatus (Herrich-Schäffer, 1838) on Pilosella parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Asteraceae, ± monophagous Pilosella officinarum. However, sometimes found in numbers on totally different plants, like Potentilla; Salvia pratensis phenology Bivoltine; hibernation as imago. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Grancher, Aubourg & Gargatte (2011a), Pagola-Carte & Zabalegui (2006a), Stehlík […]

Galeatus parasite

Dictyonota fuliginosa parasite

Dictyonota fuliginosa Costa, 1853 on Cytisus, etc. parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, oligophagous Cytisus scoparius; Genista scorpius. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Pagola-Carte & Zabalegui (2006a).

Catoplatus nigriceps parasite

Catoplatus nigriceps Horváth, 1905 on Seseli parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Apiaceae, monophagous Seseli osseum. phenology Hibernation as imago. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Stehlík (2002a).

Catoplatus horvathi parasite

Catoplatus horvathi (Puton, 1879) on Bupleurum, Seseli parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Apiaceae, oligophagous Bupleurum falcatum; Seseli osseum. phenology Hibernation as imahgo. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Stehlík (2002a).

Catoplatus fabricii parasite

Catoplatus fabricii (Stål, 1868) on Leucanthemum parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Leucanthemum vulgare. phenology Hibernation as imago. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Pagola-Carte & Zabalegui (2006a), Stehlík (2002a), Viskens, Bruers & Vercauteren (0000a).

Catoplatus carthusianus parasite

Catoplatus carthusianus (Goeze, 1778) on Eryngium parasite Larvae and adults free at the undersides of the leaves. host plants Apiaceae, monophagous Eryngium campestre. phenology Hibernation as imago. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Pagola-Carte & Zabalegui (2006a), Stehlík (2002a).

Catoplatus parasite

Bradyrrhoa gilveolella parasite

Bradyrrhoa gilveolella (Treitschke, 1982) rush skeleton weed root moth on Chondrilla parasite Larvae in a silk-lined feeding tube along the roots; pupation in a cavity on the tube. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Chondrilla juncea. phenology Univoltine. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Kashefi, Markin & Littlefield (2008a), Wapshere & Cullen (1984a).

Opsilia coerulescens parasite

Opsilia coerulescens (Scopoli, 1763) on Echium parasite The larvae bore down in the peduncle; once full grown they hibernate in the dead root crown roots. host plants Boraginaceae, monophagous Echium plantagineum, vulgare. phenology Univoltine, distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). synonyms Phytoecia coerulescens. references Sheppard, Smyth & Swirepik (0000a), Wapshere (1980a), Wapshere & Cullen (1984a).

Opsilia parasite

Lamiinae parasite

Dictyla nassata parasite

Dictyla nassata (Puton, 1874) on Echium parasite Larvae and adults free in the inflorescence. host plants Boraginaceae, monophagous Echium plantagineum. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Pagola-Carte & Zabalegui (2006a), Stehlík (2002a), Wapshere (1980a), Wapshere & Cullen (1984a).

Pelochrista medullana parasite

Pelochrista medullana (Staudinger, 1879) brown-winged root moth on Centaurea parasite Larvae in a spinning at the roots; there also the hibernation. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Centaurea diffusa, stoebe. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Muller (1989).

Pelochrista subtiliana parasite

Pelochrista subtiliana (Jäckh, 1960) on Aster host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Aster. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Fazekas (2009b).

Oporopsamma wertheimsteini parasite

Oporopsamma wertheimsteini (Rebel, 1913) on Chondrilla parasite Larvae at the root collar. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Chondrilla juncea. phenology Univoltine. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Fazekas (2009b), Wapshere & Cullen (1984a)..

Oporopsamma parasite

Brachyneurina peniophorae parasite

Brachyneurina peniophorae Harris & Evans, 1979 on Peniophora Peniophora cinerea, Belgium, prov. Limbourg, Gerhoeven, de Rammelaars, 20.xi.2020 © Carina Van Steenwinkel; fungus det. Eddie Lavreys two galls larva in opened gall gall 2-3 cm size spongy clumps protruding from the smooth flat fungal substrate. The light brown colour contrasts with the grey to bluish grey […]

Brachyneurina parasite

unknown on Pyrola rotundifolia parasite

unknown on Pyrola rotundifolia Noord-Hollands Duinreservaat, 26.xi.2020 © Luc Knijnsberg notes The underside of the leaf was completely unaffected.

unknown leaf spots on Ericaceae parasite

leaf spots parasite

Orthotomicus robustus parasite

Orthotomicus robustus (Knotek, 1899) on Cedrus, Pinus parasite Larvae and adults in the bark. host plants Cupressaceae, Pinaceae, polyphagous Cedrus libani; Pinus heldreichii, nigra. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Sarikaya & Avci (2011a), Sarikaya & Yildirim (2011a).

Pityokteines marketae parasite

Pityokteines marketae Knížek, 1998 on Abies galleries in the bark (from Aytar & Hizal) parasite Larvae and adults in the bark. host plants Pinaceae, monophagous Abies cilicica & subsp. isaurica, nordmanniana. phenology Bivoltine. distribution within Europe Turkey. references Aytar & Erdem (2012a), Aytar & Hizal (2012a), Sarikaya & Yildirim (2011a).

Opogona sacchari parasite

Opogona sacchari (Bojer, 1856) banana moth on Musa, etc. parasite Larvae bore in thick fleshy stems, partly in already decaying parts. host plants polyphagous Dracaena draco; Musa. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). notes Species originally from Mauritius; in Europa mainly a pest in greenhouses. references Hrnčić, Radonjić & Perović (2017a).

Opogona parasite

Hieroxestinae parasite

Teichobiinae parasite

Scardiinae parasite

Epichoristodes acerbella parasite

Epichoristodes acerbella (Walker, 1864) african carnation tortrix on Dianthus, etc. parasite Larvae in a webbing among the leaves. host plants polyphagous Arctotheca; Dianthus; Euonymus; Glebionis segetum; Hypochaeris radicata; Raphanus raphanistrum; Rumex acetosella. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). notes Originally a South African species; appeared in Europe around 1960. references Glavendekić (2006a), Hrnčić, Radonjić & Perović […]

Epichoristodes parasite

Omphalapion concinnum parasite

Omphalapion concinnum (Schilsky, 1906) on Anthemis parasite Larvae in the capitula. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Anthemis rigida. distribution within Europe Cyprus. references Winkelmann (2017a).

Derelomus antonioui parasite

Derelomus antonioui Alziar, 2007 on Phoenix parasite Larvae and adults in the male inflorescence; pupation in the soil. host plants Arecaceae, monophagous Phoenix canariensis, dactylifera. distribution within Europe Cyprus. references Ponel & Lemaire (0000a), Winkelmann (2017a).

Hypera jucunda parasite

Hypera jucunda (Capiopont, 1869) on Lotus host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Lotus longesiliquosus. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). larva See Skuhrovec (2005b), references Mifsud & Colonnelli (2010a), Skuhrovec (2005b).

Chrysolina helopioides parasite

Chrysolina helopioides (Suffrian, 1851) on Ferula host plants Apiaceae, monophagous Ferula communis. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Petitpierre, Bastazo & Vela (2011a).

Monoxia obesula parasite

Monoxia obesula Blake, 1939 on Atriplex, Chenopodium, Halimione mine Not described. host plants Amaranthaceae, oligophagous Atriplex halimus; Chenopodium album; Halimione portulacoides. distribution within Europe western Mediterranean. larva larve (from Montagud Alario & Rodrigo Coll) notes North American species. references Clark, Rattu & Cillo (2014a), Mifsud (2016a), Montagud Alario & Rodrigo Coll (2017a), Petitpierre, Sacarés & […]

Monoxia parasite

Scolytus triarmatus parasite

Scolytus triarmatus (Eggers, 1912) on Ulmus parasite Larvae and adults in the bark. host plants Ulmus glabra. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Sanchez, Chittaro, Germann & Knížek (2020a), Süda (2006a).

Phloeotribus cristatus parasite

Phloeotribus cristatus (Fauvel, 1889) on Spartium, etc. parasite Larvae and adults in the bark. host plants Fabaceae, oligophagous Calicotome spinosa, villosa; Cytisus scoparius; Genista; Retama; Spartium junceum. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Sanchez, Chittaro, Germann & Knížek (2020a).

Pityophthorus buyssoni parasite

Pityophthorus buyssoni Reitter, 1901 on Pinus parasite Larvae and adults in the bark. host plants Pinaceae, monophagous Pinus sylvestris. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Plaza (1983a), Sanchez, Chittaro, Germann & Knížek (2020a).

Longitarsus hittita parasite

Longitarsus hittita Biondi, 1995 on Solenanthus parasite Larvae at the roots. host plants Boraginaceae, monophagous Solenanthus stamineus. distribution within Europe Turkey. references Biondi (1995b).

Longitarsus zangherii parasite

Longitarsus zangherii Warchalowski, 1968 on Petasites parasite Larvae at the roots. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Petasites hybridus. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Biondi (1996a).

Longitarsus ventricosus parasite

Longitarsus ventricosus (Foudras, 1860) on Senecio parasite Larvae at te roots. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Senecio ovatus. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Biondi (1996a).

Longitarsus trepidus parasite

Longitarsus trepidus Warchalowski, 1973 on Salvia parasite Larvae at the roots. host plants Lamiaceae, monophagous Salvia multicaulis, nemorosa. distribution within Europe Turkey. references Aslan, Gök, Gürbüz & Ayvaz (2009a), Biondi (1996a).

Longitarsus suturatus parasite

Longitarsus suturatus (Foudras, 1860) on Scrophularia, Verbascum parasite Larvae at the roots. host plants Scrophulariaceae, oligophagous Scrophularia auriculata, nodosa, sambucifolia, umbrosa; Verbascum thapsus. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Biondi (1996a).

Longitarsus springeri parasite

Longitarsus springeri Leonardi, 1975 on Jacobaea, Senecio parasite Larvae at the roots. host plants Asteraceae, narrowly oligophagous Jacobaea erratica; Senecio squalidus subsp. rupestris. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Biondi (1996a), Farina & Leonardi (2018a).

Longitarsus sencieri parasite

Longitarsus sencieri (Allaerd, 1860) on Cynoglossum parasite Larvae at the roots. host plants Boraginaceae, monophagous Cynoglossum cheirifolium, creticum. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Biondi (1996a).

Longitarsus peyerimhoffi parasite

Longitarsus peyerimhoffi (Abeeille, 1909) on Echium parasite Larvae at the roots. host plants Boraginaceae, monophagous Echium boissieri. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Biondi (1996a).

Longitarsus pardoi parasite

Longitarsus pardoi Doguet, 1974 on ? Plantago parasite Larvae at the roots. host plants Plantaginaceae, monophagous ? Plantago. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Biondi (1996a).

Longitarsus nigrocillus parasite

Longitarsus nigrocillus (Motschulsky, 1849) on Convolvulus parasite Larvae at the roots. host plants Convolvulaceae, monophagous Convolvulus arvensis, lineatus. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Biondi (1996a).

Longitarsus nebulosus parasite

Longitarsus nebulosus (Allard, 1866) on Scrophularia parasite Larvae at the roots. host plants Scrophulariaceae, monophagous Scrophularia. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Biondi (1996a).

Longitarsus juncicola parasite

Longitarsus juncicola (Foudras, 1860) on Glechoma, Mentha parasite Larvae at the roots. host plants Lamiaceae, oligophagous Glechoma hederacea; Mentha arvensis, cervina, pulegium, x rotundifolia. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Biondi (1996a).

Longitarsus jailensis parasite

Longitarsus jailensis Heikertinger, 1913 on Trachystemon parasite Larvae at the roots. host plants Boraginaceae, monophagous Trachystemon orientalis. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Biondi (1996a).

Longitarsus gruevi parasite

Longitarsus gruevi Leonardi & Mohr, 1974 on Scrophularia parasite Larvae at the roots. host plants Scrophulariaceae, monophagous Scrophularia auriculata. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Biondi (1996a).

Longitarsus cinerariae parasite

Longitarsus cinerariae Wollaston, 1854 on Pericallis parasite Larvae at the roots. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Pericallis aurita. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Biondi (1996a).

Longitarsus ferruginipennis parasite

Longitarsus ferruginipennis Fuente, 1910 on Phlomis parasite Larvae at the roots. host plants Lamiaceae, monophagous Phlomis crinita, purpuea. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). synonyms Longitarsus caroli Bastazo & Garcia Raso, 1985. references Biondi (1996a).

Longitarsus bytinskii parasite

Longitarsus bytinskii Furth, 1979 on Plantago parasite Larvae at the roots. host plants Plantaginaceae, monophagous Plantago lanceolata. distribution within Europe Turkey. references Aslan, Gök, Gürbüz & Ayvaz (2009a), Biondi (1996a), Furth (1979a).

Longitarsus bulgaricus parasite

Longitarsus bulgaricus Gruev, 1973 on Echium parasite Larvae at the roots. host plants Boraginaceae, monophagous Echium. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Biondi (1996a).

Longitarsus bonnairei parasite

Longitarsus bonnairei (Allard, 1866) on Cerinthe parasite Larvae at the roots. host plants Boraginaceae, monophagous Cerinthe major. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Biondi (1996a).

Longitarsus bergeali parasite

Longitarsus bergeali Doguet & Gruev, 1988 on Thymus parasite Larvae at the roots. host plants Lamiaceae, monophagous Thymus. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Biondi (1996a).

Longitarsus anatolicus parasite

Longitarsus anatolicus Weise, 1900 on Anchusa parasite Larvae at the roots. host plants Boraginaceae, monophagous Anchusa. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Biondi (1995b, 1996a).

Schizotetranychus asparagi parasite

Schizotetranychus asparagi (Oudemans, 1928) on Asparagus females; from Migeon & Auger parasite Mites on the leaves. host plants Asparagaceae, monophagous Asparagus officinalis. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Ben-David, Ueckermann & Gerson (2013a), Migeon & Auger (2013a), Vierbergen (1990a).

Oligonychus coniferarum parasite

Oligonychus coniferarum (McGregor, 1950) on conifers parasite mites free on the needles. host plants Cupressaceae, Pinaceae, narrowly polyphagous Cupressus sempervirens; Pinus halepensis. distribution within Europe Turkey. references Ben-David, Ueckermann & Gerson (2013a).

Eotetranychus hirsti parasite

Eotetranychus hirsti Pritchard & Baker, 1955 on deciduous trees parasite Mites free on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Bauhinia; Ficus carica; Nerium. distribution within Europe Cyprus. references Ben-David, Ueckermann & Gerson (2013a).

Petrobia tunisiae parasite

Petrobia tunisiae Manson, 1964 on grasses parasite Mites free on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Anisantha madritensis, sterilis; Hordeum murinum subsp. leporinum; Lolium rigidum. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Ben-David, Ueckermann & Gerson (2013a).

Petrobia latens parasite

Petrobia latens (Müller, 1776) brown wheat mite parasite Mites free on the leaves. host plants broadly polyphagous Allium; Fragaria; Hordeum. Also “fruit trees”. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Ben-David, Ueckermann & Gerson (2013a), del Rivero & García Marí (1983a), Vierbergen (1990a).

Petrobia harti parasite

Petrobia harti (Ewing, 1909) oxalis spider mite on Oxalis parasite Mites free at the undersides of the leaves. host plants Oxalidaceae, monophagous Oxalis articulata, corniculata. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Ben-David, Ueckermann & Gerson (2013a), Roy, Aditya & Kumar Saha (2011a).

Petrobia parasite

Aplonobia histricina parasite

Aplonobia histricina (Berlese, 1910) parasite Mites free on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Oxalis pes-caprae; Pyrus communis. Rarely Citrus. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Ben-David, Ueckermann & Gerson (2013a).

Aplonobia parasite

Leptispa filiformis parasite

Leptispa filiformis (Germar, 1842) on grasslike plants host plants restricted polyphagous Carex pendula; Dactylis glomerata; Scirpus. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Jolivet (1998a), Vela & de Ferrer (1994a).

Leptispa parasite

Chrysolina eurina parasite

Chrysolina eurina (Frivaldszky, 1883) on Tanacetum parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Tanacetum vulgare. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Atuchin (2008a), Jarosiewicz & Nejfeld (2019a), Orlova-Bienkowskaja (2013a), Twardy & Borowiec (2012a).

Agdistis paralia parasite

Agdistis paralia (Zeller, 1847) on Limonium parasite Larvae free on the leaves. host plants Plumbaginaceae, monophagous Limonium confusum, densissimum, narbonense, vulgare. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). larva, pupa See Nel references Bella (2007a), GIelis (1996a), Nel (1996a), Requena (1999a).

Agdistis satanas parasite

Agdistis satanas Millière, 1875 parasite Detritivorous (Nel). distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Bella (2007a, Gielis (1996a), Nel (1996a), Requena (1999a), Sutter (1991a).

Chrysolina schatzmayri parasite

Chrysolina schatzmayri (Müller, 1916) on Artemisia, Inula parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Asteraceae, oligophagous Artemisia caerulescens; Inula. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Daccordi & Ruffo (2004a).

Phrissotrichum delphinense parasite

Phrissotrichum delphinense (Hustache, 1913) on Helianthemum host plants Cistaceae, monophagous Helianthemum nummularium subsp. grandiflorum. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Ehret (1990a).

Phrissotrichum grenieri parasite

Phrissotrichum grenieri (Desbrochers des Loges, 1875) on Helianthemum host plants Cistaceae, monophagous Helianthemum apenninum, hirtum, nummularium subsp. obscurum, violaceum. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Ehret (1990a).

Phrissotrichum revelieri parasite

Phrissotrichum revelieri (Perris, 1870) on Cistus host plants Cistaceae, monophagous Cistus halimifolius. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Ehret (1990a).

Phrissotrichum perrisii parasite

Phrissotrichum perrisii (Wencker, 1859) on Cistus host plants Cistaceae, monophagous Cistus lasianthus subsp. alyssoides. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Ehret (1990a).

Phrissotrichum boiteli parasite

Phrissotrichum boiteli (Normand, 1939) on Cistus host plants Cistaceae, monophagous Cistus. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Ehret (1990a, 1997a).

Phrissotrichum joannium parasite

Phrissotrichum joannium Ehret, 1997 on Cistus host plants Cistaceae, monophagous Cistus. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Ehret (1997a).

Phrissotrichum wenckeri parasite

Phrissotrichum wenckeri (Brisout de Barnville, 1863) on Cistus host plants Cistaceae, monophagous Cistus laurifolius. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Ehret (1990a, 1997a), Velázquez de Castro, Alonso Zarazaga & Outerelo (1990a).

Ceutorhynchus varius parasite

Ceutorhynchus varius Rey, 1895 on Arabidopsis host plants Brassicaceae, monophagous Arabidopsis thaliana. References to Erophila verna are probably incorrect, those to Alyssum alyssoides and Sisymbrium certainly. synonyms Long considered a variety of C. hirtulus. references Benedikt, Borovec, Fremuth ao (2010a), Delbol (2013a), Wanat & Colonnelli (2004a).

Anisandrus maiche parasite

Anisandrus maiche (Kurentsov, 1941) on deciduous trees parasite Larvae and adults in the sapwood; ambrosia beetles. host plants polyphagous Betula pendula; Populus tremula; Quercus petraea; Ulmus minor. distribution within Europe East Asiatic species, in Europe since the start of the 21st century. references Nikulina, Mandelshtam, Petrov, ao (2015a), Terekhova & Skrylnik (2012a).

Anisandrus parasite

Scolytus jaroschewskyi parasite

Scolytus jaroschewskyi Schevyrew, 1893 on deciduous trees parasite Larvae and adults in the bark. host plants polyphagous Elaeagnus angustifolia; Ulmus laevis, minor. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Nikulina, Mandelshtam, Petrov, ao (2015a), Petrov, Mandelshtam & Beaver (2019a).

Carphoborus teplouchovi parasite

Carphoborus teplouchovi Spessivtseff, 1916 on Larix, Picea parasite Larvae and adults in the bark. host plants Pinaceae, oligophagous Picea abies, jezoensis, obovata; Larix sibirica. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Nikulina, Mandelshtam, Petrov, ao (2015a).

Liparthrum genistae parasite

Liparthrum genistae (Aubé, 1862) on Spartium, etc. parasite Larvae and adults in the bark of the branches. host plants Fabaceae, oligophagous Anagyris foetida; Calicotome spinosa, villosa; Laburnum; Spartium junceum. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Nikulina, Mandelshtam, Petrov, ao (2015a).

Taphrorychus siculus parasite

Taphrorychus siculus Eggers, 1908 on Alnus parasite Larvae and adults in the bark. host plants Betulaceae, monophagous Alnus. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Nikulina, Mandelshtam, Petrov, ao (2015a), Sanchez, Chittaro, Germann & Knížek (2020a).

Trypophloeus bispinulus parasite

Trypophloeus bispinulus Eggers, 1927 on Populus parasite Larvae and adults in the bark. host plants Salicaceae, monophagous Populus tremula. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Nikulina, Mandelshtam, Petrov, ao (2015a).

Xyleborinus attenuatus parasite

Xyleborinus attenuatus (Blandford, 1894) on deciduous trees parasite Larvae bore in the sapwood; ambrosia beetle. host plants polyphagous Alnus glutinosa, hirsuta; Betula platyphylla; Carpinus betulus; Corylus avellana; Fagus sylvatica; Fraxinus excelsior; Populus tremula; Prunus avium; Quercus robur; Sorbus. notes East Asiatic species, arrive in Europe around the start of the 21st century. references Borowski & […]

Scolytus zaitzevi parasite

Scolytus zaitzevi Butovitsch, 1929 on Ulmus parasite Larvae and adults in the bark. host plants Ulmaceae, monophagous Ulmus minor. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Nikulina, Mandelshtam, Petrov, ao (2015a), Petrov, Mandelshtam & Beaver (2019a).

Scolytus orientalis parasite

Scolytus orientalis (Eggers, 1910) on Ulmus, Zelkova parasite Larvae and adults in the bark. host plants Ulmaceae, oligophagous Ulmus laevis, minor; Zelkova carpinifolia. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). synonyms Possibly a form of S. multistriatus. references Nikulina, Mandelshtam, Petrov, ao (2015a), Petrov, Mandelshtam & Beaver (2019a).

Polygraphus punctifrons parasite

Polygraphus punctifrons Thomson, 1886 on Picea, Pinus parasite Larvae and adults in the bark. host plants Pinaceae, oligophagous Picea abies, obovata; Pinus sylvestris. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Nikulina, Mandelshtam, Petrov, ao (2015a).

Phloeotribus brevicollis parasite

Phloeotribus brevicollis (Kolenati, 1846) on Fagus parasite Larvae and adults in the bark. host plants Fagaceae, monophagous Fagus orientalis. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). synonyms Phloeophthorus brevicollis. references Marković & Stojanović (1999a), Nikulina, Mandelshtam, Petrov, ao (2015a).

Chaetoptelius vestitus parasite

Chaetoptelius vestitus (Mulsant & Rey,1860) on Pistacia, etc. parasite Larvae and adults in the bark. host plants polyphagous Cotinus coggygria; Juniperus; Olea europaea; Pinus brutia; Pistacia atlantica, chinensis subsp. integerrima, lentiscus, terebinthus, vera; Smilax aspera. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Comparini, Gallego, Núñez, ao (2018a), Mehrnejad (2001a), Nikulina, Mandelshtam, Petrov, ao (2015a).

Chaetoptelius parasite

Hylesinus wachtli parasite

Hylesinus wachtli Reitter, 1887 on Fraxinus parasite Larvae and adults in the bark. host plants Oleaceae, monophagous Fraxinus excelsior, ornus. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Nikulina, Mandelshtam, Petrov, ao (2015a).

Thamnurgus caucasicus parasite

Thamnurgus caucasicus Reiter, 1887 on herbs parasite Larvae in the stems. host plants polyphagous Cannabis sativa; Carduus; Carthamus lanatus; Echinops; Euphorbia; Gossypium; Jurinea arachnoidea; Salvia aethiopis. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Mandelshtam, Petrov & Korotyaev (2012a), Nikulina, Mandelshtam, Petrov, ao (2015a).

Trypophloeus tremulae parasite

Trypophloeus tremulae Stark, 1952 on Populus parasite Larvae and adults in the bark. host plants Salicaceae, monophagous Populus alba, balsamifera, nigra, simonii, tremula, trichocarpa. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Nikulina, Mandelshtam, Petrov, ao (2015a).

Phloeotribus muricatus parasite

Phloeotribus muricatus (Eggers, 1929) on Fraxinus, etx. parasite Larvae and adults in the bark of dry branches. host plants Oleaceae, oligophagous Fraxinus ornus; Olea europaea. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Doychev & Ovcharov (2006a), Nikulina, Mandelshtam, Petrov, ao (2015a).

Ips mannsfeldi parasite

Ips mannsfeldi (Wachtl, 1879) on Pinus parasite Larvae and adults in the bark. host plants Pinaceae, monophagous Pinus brutia, nigra, sylvestris. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). synonyms Orthotomicus mannsfeldi. references Doychev & Ovcharov (2006a), Sanchez, Chittaro, Germann & Knížek (2020a), Sarikaya & Yildirim (2011a), Schedl (1980a).

Ips duplicatus parasite

Ips duplicatus (Sahlberg, 1836) double-spined bark beetle on Picea, etc. parasite Larvae and adults in the bark. host plants Pinaceae, ± monophagous Picea abies. Rarely Abies alba; Pinus cembra, strobus, sylvestris. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Holuša & Grodzki (2008a), Nikulina, Mandelshtam, Petrov, ao (2015a), Olenici, Duduman, Olenici, ao (2011a), Sanchez, Chittaro, Germann & […]

Ips cembrae parasite

Ips cembrae (Heer, 1836) larch bark beetle on Larix, etc. parasite Larvae and adults in the bark. host plants Pinaceae, oligophagous Larix decidua, gmelinii, sibirica; Picea abies. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Nikulina, Mandelshtam, Petrov, ao (2015a), Schedl (1980a).

Pityogenes irkutensis parasite

Pityogenes irkutensis Eggers, 1910 on Pinus parasite Larvae and adults in the bark. host plants Pinaceae, monophagous Pinus sylvestris. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Nikulina, Mandelshtam, Petrov, ao (2015a), Sanchez, Chittaro, Germann & Knížek (2020a), Schedl (1980a).

Trypophloeus rybinskii parasite

Trypophloeus rybinskii Reitter, 1894 on Populius, Salix parasite Larvae and adults in the bark. host plants Salicaceae, oligophagous Populus x canadensis, nigra; Salix. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Nikulina, Mandelshtam, Petrov, ao (2015a), Sanchez, Chittaro, Germann & Knížek (2020a), Schedl (1980a).

Trypophloeus alni parasite

Trypophloeus alni (Lindemann, 1875) on Alnus parasite Larvae and adults in the bark. host plants Betulaceae, monophagous Alnus glutinosa, incana. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Nikulina, Mandelshtam, Petrov, ao (2015a), Schedl (1980a).

Cryphalus saltuarius parasite

Cryphalus saltuarius Weise, 1891 on Picea, Pinus parasite Larvae and adults in de bast. host plants Pinaceae, oligophagous Abies sibirica; Picea abies, obovata, orientalis; Pinus sibirica. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Doychev & Ovcharov (2006a), Nikulina, Mandelshtam, Petrov, ao (2015a), Schedl (1980a).

Polygraphus subopacus parasite

Polygraphus subopacus Thomson, 1871 on Picea, Pinus parasite Larvae and adults in the bark. host plants Pinaceae, oligophagous Picea abies; Pinus. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Nikulina, Mandelshtam, Petrov, ao (2015a), Sanchez, Chittaro, Germann & Knížek (2020a), Schedl (1980a).

Hylurgops glabratus parasite

Hylurgops glabratus (Zetterstedt, 1828) on Picea, etc. parasite Larvae and adults in the bRK. host plants Pinaceae, oligophagous Abies alba; Picea abies; Pinus cembra, mugo, sylvestris. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Nikulina, Mandelshtam, Petrov, ao (2015a), Schedl (1980a).

Hylastinus fankhauseri parasite

Hylastinus fankhauseri Reitter, 1894 on Laburnum parasite Larvae and adults in rhe bark. host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Laburnum alpinum, anagyroides. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Schedl (1980a).

Pteleobius kraatzi parasite

Pteleobius kraatzi (Eichhoff, 1884) on Ulmus parasite Larvae and adults in the bark. host plants Ulmaceae, monophagous Ulmus laevis, minor, pumila. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Nikulina, Mandelshtam, Petrov, ao (2015a), Schedl (1980a), Sanchez, Chittaro, Germann & Knížek (2020a).

Orthotomicus proximus parasite

Orthotomicus proximus (Eichhoff, 1867) on Pinus, etc. parasite Larvae and adults in the bark. host plants Pinaceae, oligophagous Picea abies; Pinus peuce, sylvestris. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Borowski & Mokrzycki (2016a), Nikulina, Mandelshtam, Petrov, ao (2015a), Schedl (1980a).

Cryphalus intermedius parasite

Cryphalus intermedius Ferrari, 1867 on Larix parasite Larvae and adults in the bark. host plants Pinaceae, monophagous Larix decidua, sibirica. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Borowski & Mokrzycki (2016a), Nikulina, Mandelshtam, Petrov, ao (2015a), Schedl (1980a).

Pityophthorus morosovi parasite

Pityophthorus morosovi Spessivtseff, 1926 on Picea, etc. parasite Larvae and adults in the bark of thin branches. host plants Pinaceae, oligophagous Abies concolor; Picea abies, obovata, omorika. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). synonyms Pityophthorus morozowi. references Borowski & Mokrzycki (2016a), Nikulina, Mandelshtam, Petrov, ao (2015a), Schedl (1980a).

Pityophthorus exsculptus parasite

Pityophthorus exsculptus (Ratzeburg, 1837) on Picea, Pinus parasite Larvae and adults in the bark of standing, moribund trees. host plants Pinaceae, oligophagous Picea abies; Pinus. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Borowski & Mokrzycki (2016a), Nikulina, Mandelshtam, Petrov, ao (2015a), Sanchez, Chittaro, Germann & Knížek (2020a), Schedl (1980a).

Dendroctonus micans parasite

Dendroctonus micans (Kugelann, 1794) great spruce bark beetle on Picea, etc. parasite Larvae and adults in the bark. host plants Pinaceae, oligophagous Picea abies, engelmannii, jezoensis, obovata, orientalis, pungens, sitchensis; Pinus sylvestris. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Borowski & Mokrzycki (2016a), Nikulina, Mandelshtam, Petrov, ao (2015a), Schedl (1980a), Vakula, Zúbrik, Galko, ao (2016a).

Dendroctonus parasite

Pityophthorus knoteki parasite

Pityophthorus knoteki Reitter,1898 on Pinus parasite Larvae and adults in the bark. host plants Pinaceae, monophagous Pinus cembra, mugo & subsp. rotundata, peuce. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Cola & Freude (1972a), Hellrigl (1985a), Nikulina, Mandelshtam, Petrov, ao (2015a).

Phragmataecia castaneae parasite

Phragmataecia castaneae (Hübner, 1790) reed leopard on Phragmites Phragmites australis, Hungary, Kimle, 27.vii.2017 © László Érsek: occupied plant larva in opened culm detail larve head and thorax parasite Larva bores in the culm. host plants Poaceae, monophagous Phragmites australis. phenology The development takes two years; pupation in the spring, in the upper part of the […]

Phragmataecia parasite

Zeuzerinae parasite

Pityophthorus carniolicus parasite

Pityophthorus carniolicus Wichmann, 1910 on Pinus, etc. parasite Larvae and adults in the bark of dead branches, less than 2 cm thick; monogamous species. host plants Pinaceae, monophagous ? Picea abies; Pinus nigra, sylvestris; ? Pseudotsuga menziesii. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Borowski & Mokrzycki (2016a), Faccoli & Battisti (2001a), Holzschuh (1966a), Sanchez, Chittaro, […]

Lymantor aceris parasite

Lymantor aceris (Lindemann, 1875) on deciduous trees parasite Larvae and adults in the bark. host plants polyphagous Acer campestre, platanoides, pseudoplatanus, tataricum; Cornus mas; Cotoneaster; Frangula alnus; Juglans regia; Prunus avium, padus; Rhamnus cathartica. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Borowski & Mokrzycki (2016a), Nikulina, Mandelshtam, Petrov, ao (2015a), Sanchez, Chittaro, Germann & Knížek (2020a), […]

Pityogenes porifrons parasite

Pityogenes porifrons Eggers, 1933 on Pinus parasite Larvae and adults in the bark. host plants Pinaceae, monophagous Pinus halepensis. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Ciesla, Erkanat & Akeson (2011a).

Pityophthorus henscheli parasite

Pityophthorus henscheli Seitner, 1887 on Pinus parasite Larvae and adults in the bark of the branches that have been frayed by male roes. host plants Pinaceae, monophagous Pinus cembra, mugo, nigra & subsp. pallasiana, peuce, sylvestris. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Battisti & Gallo (1987a), Hellrigl (1985a), Nikulina, Mandelshtam, Petrov, ao (2015a), Schedl (1980a), […]

Pityophthorus glabratus parasite

Pityophthorus glabratus Eichhoff, 1878 on Pinus parasite Larvae and adults in the bark of drying twigs of standing trees. host plants Pinaceae, monophagous Pinus cembra, mugo, nigra, sylvestris, uncinata. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Battisti & Gallo (1987a), Nikulina, Mandelshtam, Petrov, ao (2015a), Plaza (1983a), Schedl (1980a).

Pityogenes bistridentatus parasite

Pityogenes bistridentatus (Eichhof, 1878) on Pinus parasite Larvae and adults in the bark of dead branches. host plants Pinaceae, monophagous Pinus brutia, cembra, heldreichii, mugo, nigra & subsp. pallasiana, peuce, pinea, sylvestris. Also reported from Cedrus libani (Cupressaceae). distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Battisti & Gallo (1987a), Ciesla, Erkanat & Akeson (2011a), Doychev & […]

Ips amitinus parasite

Ips amitinus (Eichhoff, 1871) small spruce bark beetle on Picea, etc. parasite Larvae in the bark of branches and thin trees. host plants Pinaceae, oligophagous Abies alba; Larix decidua; Picea abies, pungens; Pinus cembra, mugo, strobus, sylvestris. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Borowski & Mokrzycki (2016a), Hellrigl (1985a), Holuša, Lukášová, Grodzki, ao (2012a), Nikulina, […]

Pityogenes conjunctus parasite

Pityogenes conjunctus (Reitter, 1887) on Pinus parasite Larvae in the bark of damaged branches. host plants Pinaceae, monophagous Pinus cembra, mugo, uncinata. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Nikulina, Mandelshtam, Petrov, ao (2015a), Vojtěch, Křenová & Jakuš (2013a).

Dryocoetes hectographus parasite

Dryocoetes hectographus Reitter, 1913 on Picea. etc. parasite Larvae in the bark of fallen trees. host plants Pinaceae, oligophagous Abies alba; Larix; Picea abies; Pinus cembra, sylvestris. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Battisti & Gallo (1987a), Nikulina, Mandelshtam, Petrov, ao (2015a), Schedl (1980a), Vojtěch, Křenová & Jakuš (2013a).

Phloeotribus spinulosus parasite

Phloeotribus spinulosus (Rey, 1883) on Picea parasite Larvae in the bark of the undersides of dead branches. host plants Pinaceae, monophagous Picea abies, jezoensis, obovata. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). synonyms Phloeophthorus spinulosus. references Nikulina, Mandelshtam, Petrov, ao (2015a), Schedl (1980a), Vojtěch, Křenová & Jakuš (2013a).

Longitarsus isoplexidis parasite

Longitarsus isoplexidis Wollaston, 1854 on Echium parasite Larvae at the roots. host plants Boraginaceae, monophagous Echium candicans, strictum. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Biondi (1986a, 1996a).

Psylliodes stolida parasite

Psylliodes stolida Wollaston, 1860 on ? Mercurialis host plants Euphorbiaceae, monophagous ? Mercurialis annua. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). synonyms Psylliodes stolidus. references Biondi (1995a), Erber & Wheater (1987a).

Psylliodes laurisilvae parasite

Psylliodes laurisilvae Biondi, 1987 on Crambe host plants Brassicaceae, monophagous Crambe. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Biondi (1995a).

Psylliodes angusticeps parasite

Psylliodes angusticeps Israelson, 1980 on Crambe host plants Brassicaceae, monophagous Crambe strigosa. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Biondi (1995a).

Longitarsus stragulatus parasite

Longitarsus stragulatus (Foudras, 1860) on Jacobaea, Senecio parasite Larvae at the roots. host plants Asteraceae, narrowlt oligophagous Jacobaea delphinifolia; Senecio leucanthemifolius. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Baviera & Biondi (2015a), Biondi (1987a, 1995a, 1996a), Furth (1979a), García (2009a) , Gök & Gürbüz (2002a).

Longitarsus persimilis parasite

Longitarsus persimilis Wollaston, 1860 on Echium parasite Larvae at the roots. host plants Boraginaceae, monophagous Echium. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Biondi (1995a, 1996a).

Longitarsus messerschmidtiae parasite

Longitarsus messerschmidtiae Wollaston, 1864 on Ceballosia parasite Larvae at the roots. host plants Boraginaceae, monophagous Ceballosia fruticosa. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Biondi (1986a, 1995a, 1996a).

Longitarsus kleiniiperda parasite

Longitarsus kleiniiperda Wollaston, 1860 on Kleinia parasite Larvae at the roots. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Kleinia neriifolia. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Biondi (1987a, 1995a. 1996a).

Longitarsus jandiensis parasite

Longitarsus jandiensis Biondi, 1986 on Echium parasite Larvae at the roots. host plants Boraginaceae, monophagous Echium handiense. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Biondi (1986a, 1995a, 1996a).

Longitarsus incospicuus parasite

Longitarsus incospicuus Wollaston, 1860 on Sideritis parasite Larvae at te roots. host plants Lamiaceae, monophagous Sideritis canariensis, macrostachys. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Biondi (1995a, 1996a).

Longitarsus gomerensis parasite

Longitarsus gomerensis Biondi, 1986 on Echium parasite Larvae at the roots. host plants Boraginaceae, monophagous Echium aculeatum. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Biondi (1986a, 1995a, 1996a).

Longitarsus brevipennis parasite

Longitarsus brevipennis Wollaston, 1860 on Heliotropium parasite Larvae at the roots. host plants Boraginaceae, monophagous Heliotropium erosum. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Biondi (1987a, 1995a, 1996a).

Aphthona plenifrons parasite

Aphthona plenifrons (Wollaston, 1864) on ? Iris host plants Iridaceae, monophagous ? Iris pseudacorus. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Biondi (1995a).

Aphthona crassipes parasite

Aphthona crassipes (Wollaston, 1860) on Aeonium host plants Crassulaceae, monophagous Aeonium. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Biondi (1987a, 1995a).

Aphthona tristis parasite

Aphthona tristis Lindberg, 1950 on Euphorbia host plants Euphorbiaceae, monophagous Euphorbia. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Biondi (1993b, 1995a).

Aphthona paivana parasite

Aphthona paivana (Wollaston, 1860) on Euphorbia host plants Euphorbiaceae, monophagous Euphorbia regis-jubae. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). synonyms Heyrovskya paivana. references Biondi (1987a, 1993b, 1995a).

Aphthona occidentalis parasite

Aphthona occidentalis Lindberg, 1950 on Euphorbia host plants Euphorbiaceae, monophagous Euphorbia regis-jubae. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). synonyms Heyrovskya occidentalis. references Biondi (1987a, 1993b, 1995a).

Aphthona moralesi parasite

Aphthona moralesi Madar & Madar, 1965 on Euphorbia host plants Euphorbiaceae, monophagous Euphorbia regis-jubae. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). synonyms Heyrovskya moralesi. references Biondi (1987a, 1993b, 1995a).

Aphthona gomerensis parasite

Aphthona gomerensis (Gruev & Petitpierre, 1979) on Euphorbia host plants Euphorbiaceae, monophagous Euphorbia lamarckii, regis-jubae. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). synonyms Heyrovskya gomerensis. references Biondi (1987a, 1993b, 1995a).

Sibinia sericea parasite

Sibinia sericea Wollaston, 1864 on Spergularia host plants Caryophyllaceae, monophagous Spergularia. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Oromí, López, Arechavaleta, ao (2003a).

Aphthona wachnitzae parasite

Aphthona wachnitzae (Madar & Madar, 1968) on Euphorbia host plants Euphorbiaceae, monophagous Euphorbia balsamifera, lamarckii. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). synonyms Heyrovskya oromii (Madar & Madar, 1968). references Biondi (1987a, 1993b, 1995a), Oromí, López, Arechavaleta, ao (2003a).

Aphthona convexior parasite

Aphthona convexior Lindberg, 1950 on Euphorbia host plants Euphorbiaceae, monophagous Euphorbia balsamifera, lamarckii, regis-jubae. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). synonyms Heyrovskya convexior. references Biondi (1987a, 1993b, 1995a), Oromí, López, Arechavaleta, ao (2003a).

Pentatemnus arenarius parasite

Pentatemnus arenarius Wollaston, 1861 on Schizogyne parasite “in the roots”. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous ? Schizogyne sericea. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Erber & Wheater (1987a), Garcia (1991a).

Pentatemnus parasite

Crioceris nigropicta parasite

Crioceris nigropicta Wollaston, 1864 host plants Host plant not known; beetles observed on flowering Rubia fruticosa distribution within Europe Canary Islands. references Garcia (1991a).

Thamiocolus grancanariensis parasite

Thamiocolus grancanariensis Stüben & Schütte, 2014 on Sideritis host plants Lamiaceae, monophagous Sideritis dasygnaphala. distribution within Europe Canary Islands. references Stüben & Schütte (2014a).

Thamiocolus garajonay parasite

Thamiocolus garajonay Stüben, 2014 on Sideritis host plants Lamiaceae, monophagous Sideritis cretica, lotsyi. distribution within Europe Canary Islands. references Stüben & Schütte (2014a).

Thamiocolus wollastoni parasite

Thamiocolus wollastoni (Uyttenbogaart, 1930) on Sideritis host plants Lamiaceae, monophagous Sideritis canariensis, cretica, macrostachys. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Garcia (1991a), Stüben & Schütte (2014a).

Hesperorrhynchus phytobioides parasite

Hesperorrhynchus phytobioides (Wollaston, 1864) on Aichryson host plants Crassulaceae, monophagous Aichryson. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Colonnelli (1992a).

Mogulones pseudopollinarius parasite

Mogulones pseudopollinarius (Lindberg, 1950) on Echium host plants Boraginaceae, monophagous Echium plantagineum. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Colonnelli (1992a).

Mogulones deiectus parasite

Mogulones deiectus Colonnelli 1992 on Echium parasite Larvae in the base of the stem. host plants Boraginaceae, monophagous Echium bonnetii, decaisnei subsp. purpuriense. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Colonnelli (1992a).

Hesperorrhynchus incautus parasite

Hesperorrhynchus incautus Colonnelli 1992 on Monanthes host plants Crassulaceae, monophagous Monanthes laxiflora. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Colonnelli (1992a).

Xyleborus atratus parasite

Xyleborus atratus Eichhoff, 1875 on loofbomen parasite Larvae and adults in the sapwood of dying or dead trees. host plants polyphagous; in Europe no information yet. notes Asiatic species, introduced into North America, observed in Italy in 2007. references Faccoli (2008a).

Xyleborus pfeili parasite

Xyleborus pfeili (Ratzeburg, 1837) on Alnus, Populus parasite Larvae and adults in dead or dying branches. host plants polyphagous Alnus glutinosa; Populus tremula. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Lombardero (1996a), Nikulina, Mandelshtam, Petrov, ao (2015a), Sanchez, Chittaro, Germann & Knížek (2020a), Schedl (1980a).

Xyleborus cryptographus parasite

Xyleborus cryptographus (Ratzeburg, 1837) on Populus parasite Larvae and adults in the bark of dead or dying branches. host plants Salicaceae, monophagous Populus alba, nigra, tremula. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). synonyms Heteroborips cryptographus. references Borowski & Mokrzycki (2016a), Lombardero (1996a), Mandelshtam & Petrov (2019a), Nikulina, Mandelshtam, Petrov, ao (2015a), Sanchez, Chittaro, Germann & Knížek […]

Liparthrum mandibulare parasite

Liparthrum mandibulare Wollaston, 1854 on deciduous trees parasite Larvae and adults in the bak of dead or dying branches. host plants polyphagous Alnus glutinosa; Betula pendula, pubescens; Castanea sativa; Erica arborea; Euphorbia regis-jubae; Laburnum; Prunus laurocerasus; Quercus robur; Rosa; Rubus. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Israelson, Machado, Oromi & Palm (1981a), Lagarde & Noblecourt […]

Dryocoetes himalayensis parasite

Dryocoetes himalayensis Strohmeyer, 1908 on Juglans parasite Larvae and adults in the bark. host plants Juglandaceae, monophagous Juglans nigra. distribution within Europe Czech Republic, France, Switzerland. notes Himalayan species, since ± 1970 in Europe. references Foit, Kašák, Májek, ao (2017a).

Liparthrum semidegener parasite

Liparthrum semidegener Israelson, 1990 on Genista parasite Larvae and adults in dead or dying branches. host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Genista maderensis. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Jordal, Kirkendall & Harkestad (2004a).

Liparthrum nigrescens parasite

Liparthrum nigrescens Wollaston, 1865 on Cytisus, Laurus parasite Larvae and adults in dead or dying branches. host plants polyphagous Cytisus proliferus; Laurus azorica. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Jordal, Kirkendall & Harkestad (2004a).

Liparthrum curtum parasite

Liparthrum curtum Wollaston, 1854 on Castanea, Ficus parasite Larvae and adults in the bark. host plants polyphagous Castanea sativa; Ficus carica. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Jordal, Kirkendall & Harkestad (2004a).

Liparthrum colchicum parasite

Liparthrum colchicum Semenov, 1903 on Laurus parasite Larvae and adults in the bark of up to 10 cm thick branches. host plants Lauraceae, monophagous Laurus nobilis. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Jordal, Kirkendall & Harkestad (2004a), Lombardero & Novoa (1994a).

Liparthrum canum parasite

Liparthrum canum Israelson, 1990 on Echium parasite Larvae and adults in dead or dying stems. host plants Boraginaceae, monophagous Echium aculeatum. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Jordal, Kirkendall & Harkestad (2004a).

Liparthrum artemisiae parasite

Liparthrum artemisiae Wollaston, 1854 on Artemisia parasite Larvae and adults in dead or dying stems. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Artemisia thuscula. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Israelson, Machado, Oromi & Palm (1981a), Jordal, Kirkendall & Harkestad (2004a).

Microlarinus eliasenae parasite

Microlarinus eliasenae Marshall, 1928 on Tetraena parasite Larvae in the stems. host plants Zygophyllaceae, monophagous Tetraena fontanesii. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Israelson, Machado, Oromi & Palm (1981a), Marshall (1928a).

Lasiorhynchites vaucheri parasite

Lasiorhynchites vaucheri (Desbrochers des Loges, 1896) on Quercus host plants Fagaceae, monophagous Quercus faginea, pyrenaica, suber. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). synonyms Nelasiorhynchites vaucheri . references Verdugo-Páez (2009a).

Brachycerus rotundicollis parasite

Brachycerus rotundicollis Escalera, 1918 on Scilla parasite Larvae in the underground perts. host plants Asparagaceae, monophagous Scilla. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Germann, Braunert, Colonnelli, ao (2020a).

Ceutorhynchus descurainiae parasite

Ceutorhynchus descurainiae Stüben, 2016 on Descurainia host plants Brassicaceae, monophagous Descurainia millefolia. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Stüben (2016c).

Liparthrum bituberculatum parasite

Liparthrum bituberculatum Wollaston, 1854 on Laurus parasite Larvae and adults in the bark. host plants Lauraceae, monophagous Laurus azorica. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Israelson, Machado, Oromi & Palm (1981a), Jordal, Kirkendall & Harkestad (2004a).

Liparthrum bicaudatum parasite

Liparthrum bicaudatum Wollaston, 1865 on Euphorbia parasite Larvae and adults in dead or dying stems. host plants Euphorbiaceae, monophagous Euphorbia balsamifera. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Jordal (2006a), Jordal, Kirkendall & Harkestad (2004a).

Liparthrum lowei parasite

Liparthrum lowei Wollaston, 1862 on Euphorbia parasite Larvae and adults in dead or dying stems. host plants Euphorbiaceae, monophagous Euphorbia lamarckii. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Jordal (2006a), Jordal, Kirkendall & Harkestad (2004a).

Liparthrum inarmatum parasite

Liparthrum inarmatum Wollaston, 1860 on Euphorbia parasite Larvae and adults in dead or dying stems. host plants Euphorbiaceae, monophagous Euphorbia balsamifera, lamarckii, piscatoria. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Hernandez, Lopez, Perez & Oromi (2009a), Jordal (2006a), Jordal, Kirkendall & Harkestad (2004a), Oromí, López, Arechavaleta, ao (2003a).

Triotemnus subretusus parasite

Triotemnus subretusus Wollaston, 1864 on Euphorbia parasite Larvae and adults in dead or dying stems. host plants Euphorbiaceae, monophagous Euphorbia. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Jordal (2006a).

Triotemnus parasite

Coleobothrus alluaudi parasite

Coleobothrus alluaudi (Peyerimhoff, 1923) on Euphorbia parasite Larvae and adults in dead or dying stems. host plants Euphorbiaceae, monophagous Euphorbia. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Jordal (2006a).

Coleobothrus luridus parasite

Coleobothrus luridus (Wollaston, 1860) on Euphorbia parasite Larvae and adults in dead or dying stems. host plants Euphorbiaceae, monophagous Euphorbia canariensis. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Jordal (2006a).

Coleobothrus parasite

Aphanarthrum mairei parasite

Aphanarthrum mairei Peyerimhoff, 1923 on Euphorbia parasite Larvae and adults in dead or dying stems. host plants Euphorbiaceae, monophagous Euphorbia. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Jordal (2006a).

Aphanarthrum pygmaeum parasite

Aphanarthrum pygmaeum Wollaston, 1865 on Euphorbia parasite Larvae and adults in dead or dying stems. host plants Euphorbiaceae, monophagous Euphorbia canariensis. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Israelson, Machado, Oromi & Palm (1981a), Jordal (2006a).

Aphanarthrum canariense parasite

Aphanarthrum canariense Wollaston, 1860 on Euphorbia parasite Larvae and adults in dead or dying stems. host plants Euphorbiaceae, monophagous Euphorbia. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Jordal (2006a).

Aphanarthrum euphorbiae parasite

Aphanarthrum euphorbiae Wollaston, 1854 on Euphorbia parasite Larvae and adults in dead or dying stems. host plants Euphorbiaceae, monophagous Euphorbia. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Jordal (2006a).

Aphanarthrum jubae parasite

Aphanarthrum jubae Wollaston, 1860 on Euphorbia parasite Larvae and adults in dead or dying stems. host plants Euphorbiaceae, monophagous Euphorbia balsamifera. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Jordal (2006a), Oromí, López, Arechavaleta, ao (2003a).

Aphanarthrum canescens parasite

Aphanarthrum canescens Wollaston, 1865 on Euphorbia parasite Larvae and adults in dead or dying stems. host plants Euphorbiaceae, monophagous Euphorbia balsamifera. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Jordal (2006a).

Aphanarthrum bicinctum parasite

Aphanarthrum bicinctum Wollaston, 1860 on Euphorbia parasite Larvae and adults in dead or dying stems. host plants Euphorbiaceae, monophagous Euphorbia. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Jordal (2006a).

Aphanarthrum wollastoni parasite

Aphanarthrum wollastoni Iraelson, 1972 on Euphorbia parasite Larvae and adults in dead or dying stems. host plants Euphorbiaceae, monophagous Euphorbia. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Jordal (2006a).

Aphanarthrum subglabrum parasite

Aphanarthrum subglabrum Iraelson, 1972 on Euphorbia parasite Larvae and adults in dead or dying stems. host plants Euphorbiaceae, monophagous Euphorbia lamarckii. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Jordal (2006a), Jordal, Emerson & Hewitt (2006a).

Aphanarthrum piscatorium parasite

Aphanarthrum piscatorium Wollaston, 1860 on Euphorbia parasite Larvae and adults in dead or dying stems. host plants Euphorbiaceae, monophagous Euphorbia lamarckii, regis-jubae. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Hernandez, Lopez, Perez & Oromi (2009a), Jordal (2006a).

Aphanarthrum glabrum parasite

Aphanarthrum glabrum Wollaston, 1860 on Euphorbia parasite Larvae and adults in dead or dying stems. host plants Euphorbiaceae, monophagous Euphorbia lamarckii. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Hernandez, Lopez, Perez & Oromi (2009a), Jordal (2006a), Jordal, Emerson & Hewitt (2006a).

Aphanarthrum bicolor parasite

Aphanarthrum bicolor Wollaston, 1860 on Euphorbia parasite Larvae and adults in dead or dying stems. host plants Euphorbiaceae, monophagous Euphorbia lamarckii. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Hernandez, Lopez, Perez & Oromi (2009a), Jordal (2006a).

Aphanarthrum aeonii parasite

Aphanarthrum aeonii Lindberg, 1953 on Euphorbia, Sonchus parasite Larvae and adults in dead or dying stems. host plants polyphagous Euphorbia; Sonchus leptocephalus. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Israelson, Machado, Oromi & Palm (1981a), Jordal (2006a).

Cisurgus wollastonii parasite

Cisurgus wollastonii Eichhoff, 1878) on Euphorbia parasite Larvae and adults in dead and dying stems. host plants Euphorbiaceae, monophagous Euphorbia canariensis. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Jordal (2006a), Jordal & Kníźek (2007a).

Cisurgus parasite

Aphanarthrum armatum parasite

Aphanarthrum armatum Wollaston, 1861 on Euphorbia parasite Larvae and adults in dead and dying stems. host plants Euphorbiaceae, monophagous Euphorbia balsamifera. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Jordal (2006a), Jordal & Kníźek (2007a).

Aphanarthrum affine parasite

Aphanarthrum affine Wollaston, 1860 on Euphorbia parasite Larvae and adults in dead and weakened stems. host plants Euphorbiaceae, monophagous Euphorbia regis-jubae. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Jordal (2006a), Jordal & Kníźek (2007a).

Aphanarthrum parasite

Orthotomicus suturalis parasite

Orthotomicus suturalis (Gyllenhal, 1827) on Pinus, etc. parasite Larvae and adults in the bark. host plants Pinaceae, oligophagous Abies alba; Larix decidua; Picea abies; Pinus cembra, mugo, nigra subsp. pallasiana, sylvestris. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). synonyms Ips suturalis. references Borowski & Mokrzycki (2016a), Doychev & Ovcharov (2006a), Duffy (1953a), Lombardero & Novoa (1994a), Munroe […]

Trypophloeus asperatus parasite

Trypophloeus asperatus (Gyllenhal, 1813) on Alnus, Populus, Salix parasite Larvae and adults in the bark. host plants polyphagous Alnus glutinosa; Populus nigra, tremula; Salix. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). synonyms Trypophloeus spiculatus Eggers, 1927. references Borowski & Mokrzycki (2016a), Duffy (1953a), Lombardero & Novoa (1994a), Schedl (1980a) .

Crypturgus pusillus parasite

Crypturgus pusillus (Gyllenhal, 1813) on Picea, etc. parasite Larvae and adults in the bark. host plants Pinaceae, oligophagous Abies alba; Larix decidua; Picea abies; Pinus nigra, strobus, sylvestris. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Borowski & Mokrzycki (2016a), Doychev & Ovcharov (2006a), Duffy (1953a), Jordal & Kníźek (2007a), Nikulina, Mandelshtam, Petrov, ao (2015a), Plaza (1983a), […]

Hylesinus orni parasite

Hylesinus orni Fuchs, 1906 on Fraxinus parasite Larvae and adults in the bark. host plants Oleaceae, monophagous Fraxinus. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). synonyms Leperesinus orni. references Duffy (1953a).

Hylastes brunneus parasite

Hylastes brunneus Erichson, 1836 on Picea, Pinus parasite Larvae and adults in the bark. host plants Pinaceae, olifophagous Picea abies; Pinus sylvestris. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Duffy (1953a), Nikulina, Mandelshtam, Petrov, ao (2015a), Vojtěch, Křenová & Jakuš (2013a).

Polygraphus poligraphus parasite

Polygraphus poligraphus (Linnaeus, 1758) small spruce bark beetle on Picea, etc. parasite Larvae and adults in the bark of the thinner branches. host plants Pinaceae, monophagous Picea abies; Pinus sylvestris. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Duffy (1953a), Nikulina, Mandelshtam, Petrov, ao (2015a), Schedl (1980a), Vojtěch, Křenová & Jakuš (2013a).

Trypophloeus granulatus parasite

Trypophloeus granulatus (Ratzeburg, 1837) on Populus parasite Larvae and adults in the bark. host plants Salicaceae, monophagous Populus alba, nigra, tremula. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Duffy (1953a), Klimesch (1913a, 1915a), Munroe (1926a), Nikulina, Mandelshtam, Petrov, ao (2015a), Sanchez, Chittaro, Germann & Knížek (2020a), Schedl (1980a).

Ardis pallipes parasite

Ardis pallipes (Audinet-Serville, 1823) dalende rozescheutboorder on Rosa Rosa multiflora, Hungary, Budapest, 28.iv.2018 © László Érsek: affected shoot top top section of the soot withers the larva completely fills the soot section through the affected shoot larva dorsal and ventral head and thorax legs head, frontal view Rosa canina, Belgium, prov. Namur, Viroinval, Treignes, RN […]

Ips typographus parasite

Ips typographus Linnaeus, 1758 eight-toothed spruce bark beetle, european spruce bark beetle on Picea, etc. gallery systems © Tpani, Wikimedia Commons parasite Larvae and adults in the bark of both healthy and weakened treed. Polygamous species, host plants Pinaceae, oligophagous Picea abies. Kess often Abies alba, sibirica; Pinus sylvestris. phenology 1-2 Generations; hibernations as imago […]

Pityogenes chalcographus parasite

Pityogenes chalcographus (Linnaeus, 1761) six-toothed spruce bark beetle on Picea, etc. parasite Larvae and adults in the thin bark of young trees. host plants Pinaceae, oligophagous Abies alba; Larix decidua; Picea abies, obovata, omorika, orientalis; Pinus banksiana, cembra, mugo, strobus, sylvestris; Pseudotsuga menziesii. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Avtzis, Arthofer, Stauffer, ao (2010a), Battisti […]

Trypophloeus binodulus parasite

Trypophloeus binodulus (Ratzeburg, 1837) on Populus, Salix parasite Larvae and adults in the bark of dying branches, high in the crown of living trees. host plants Salicaceae, oligophagous Populus alba, x canadensis, nigra; Salix x fragilis. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). synonyms Trypophloeus asperatus (Gyllenhal, 1813). references Borowski & Mokrzycki (2016a), Munroe (1926a), Nikulina, Mandelshtam, […]

Trypophloeus parasite

Cryphalus abietis parasite

Cryphalus abietis (Ratzeburg, 1837) on Picea, etc. parasite Larvae in irregular galleries, radiation from an irregular brood chamber in the bark, often at the branch nodes. Species breeds in stems of small undersized spruces, on cut and broken trees, especially abundant in proximal part of small branches. host plants Pinaceae, oligophagous Abies alba; Larix decidua; […]

Hylastes opacus parasite

Hylastes opacus Erichson, 1836 on Picea, Pinus parasite Larvae and adults free in the bark of roots and stumps. host plants Pinaceae, oligophagous Picea abies; Pinus cembra, nigra subsp. pallasiana, sylvestris. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Borowski & Mokrzycki (2016a), Duffy (1953a), Kumbaşli, Hizal, Acer, ao (2018a), Munroe (1926a), Nikulina, Mandelshtam, Petrov, ao (2015a), […]

Hylastes cunicularius parasite

Hylastes cunicularius Erichson, 1836 on Picea parasite Larvae and adults in the bark. host plants Pinaceae, monophagous Picea abies. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Borowski & Mokrzycki (2016a), Duffy (1953a), Munroe (1926a), Nikulina, Mandelshtam, Petrov, ao (2015a), Schedl (1980a), Vojtěch, Křenová & Jakuš (2013a).

Hylesinus crenatus parasite

Hylesinus crenatus (Fabricius, 1787) large ash bark-beetle on Fraxinus Slovakia, Biele Karpaty, Horné Orechové, okr. Trenčín, 18.i.2014 © mgr. František Šaržík, BioLib.cz: broedgangen parasite Larvae and adults in the bark. host plants Oleaceae, monophagous Fraxinus excelsior. phenology 1-2 Generations distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Duffy (1953a), Munroe (1926a), Nikulina, Mandelshtam, Petrov, ao (2015a), Schedl […]

Scolytus koenigi parasite

Scolytus koenigi Schevyrew, 1890 maple bark beetle on Acer Acer campestre, galleries (from Kašák ao). parasite Larvae and adults in the bark of 3-12 cm thick branches of dead or dying trees. host plants Sapindaceae, monophagous Acer campestre, platanoides, tataricum. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Kašák, Foit, Holuša & Knížek (2015a), Nikulina, Mandelshtam, Petrov, […]

Taphrorychus bicolor parasite

Taphrorychus bicolor (Herbst, 1793) on loofbomen parasite Larvae and adults in the bark. host plants polyphagous Carpinus betulus, orientalis; Corylus avellana; Fagus orientalis, sylvatica, x taurica; Quercus petraea, robur. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Duffy (1953a), Lombardero (1995a), Marković & Stojanović (2015a), Munroe (1926a), Nikulina, Mandelshtam, Petrov, ao (2015a), Ødegaard & Ligaard (2000a), Roganović […]

Scolytus carpini parasite

Scolytus carpini (Ratzeburg, 1837) on Carpinus, etc. parasite Larvae and adults in the bark. host plants Betulaceae, oligophagous Carpinus betulus; Corylus colurna; Ostrya carpinifolia. Also Fagus x taurica; Quercus. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Borowski & Mokrzycki (2016a), Marković & Stojanović (2015a), Nikulina, Mandelshtam, Petrov, ao (2015a), Petrov, Mandelshtam & Beaver (2019a), Roganović (2012a), […]

Hylesinus toranio parasite

Hylesinus toranio (Danthoine, 1788) lesser ash bark-beetle on Fraxinus, etc. parasite Larvae and adults in the bark. host plants Oleaceae, oligophagous Fraxinus angustifolia, excelsior, ornus, pennsylvanica; Olea europaea; Syringa vulgaris. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). synonyms Hylesinus oleiperda (Fabricius, 1782). references Athanasíou & Zárpas (0000a), Coca-Abia, Crespo-Alarcón & San Nicolas-Belenguer (2014a), Doychev & Ovcharov (2006a), […]

Ernoporus tilliae parasite

Ernoporus tilliae (Panzer, 1793) on Hibiscus, Tilia parasite Larvae and adults in thr bark. host plants Malvaceae, oligophagous Hibiscus; Tilia cordata. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Borowski & Mokrzycki (2016a), Duffy (1953a), Marković & Stojanović (2015a), Munroe (1926a), Nikulina, Mandelshtam, Petrov, ao (2015a), Schedl (1980a).

Ernoporus parasite

Ernoporicus fagi parasite

Ernoporicus fagi (Fabricius, 1798) on deciduous trees parasite Larvae and adults in the bark of broken branches. host plants polyphagous Carpinus betulus; Fagus orientalis, sylvatica, x taurica; ? Tilia cordata. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). synonyms Ernopocerus, Ernoporus, fagi. references Borowski & Mokrzycki (2016a), Doychev & Ovcharov (2006a), Duffy (1953a), Marković & Stojanović (2015a), Munroe […]

Ernoporicus caucasicus parasite

Ernoporicus caucasicus (Lindemann, 1876) on Tilia, etc. parasite Larvae and adults in the bark of dry branches. host plants Malvaceae, ± monophagous Tilia cordata, dasystyla, platyphyllos, tomentosa; Ulmus glabra. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). synonyms Ernoporus caucasicus. references Borowski & Mokrzycki (2016a), Doychev & Ovcharov (2006a), Marković & Stojanović (2000a, 2015a), Nikulina, Mandelshtam, Petrov, ao […]

Ernoporicus parasite

Scolytus laevis parasite

Scolytus laevis Chapuis, 1869 on Ulmus parasite Larvae and adults in the bark. host plants Ulmaceae, monophagous Ulmus glabra, laevis, minor. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Anderbrant & Schlyter (1987a), Marković & Stojanović (2012a), Nikulina, Mandelshtam, Petrov, ao (2015a), Petrov, Mandelshtam & Beaver (2019a), Schedl (1980a).

Scolytus pygmaeus parasite

Scolytus pygmaeus (Fabricius, 1787) pygmy elm bark beetle on Ulmus parasite Larvae and adults in the bark. host plants Ulmaceae, monophagous Ulmus glabra, laevis, minor, pumila. Also Corylus colurna distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Borowski & Mokrzycki (2016a), Marković & Stojanović (2012a, 2015a), Nikulina, Mandelshtam, Petrov, ao (2015a), Petrov, Mandelshtam & Beaver (2019a), Schedl […]

Xylechinus pilosus parasite

Xylechinus pilosus (Ratzeburg, 1837) on Abies, etc. parasite Larvae and adults in the bark. host plants Pinaceae, oligophagous Abies alba, sibirica; Picea abies, jezoensis, obovata; Pinus cembra, pumila. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Borowski & Mokrzycki (2016a), Duffy (1953a), Nikulina, Mandelshtam, Petrov, ao (2015a), Sarıkaya (2013a), Schedl (1980a), Vojtěch, Křenová & Jakuš (2013a).

Xylechinus parasite

Taphrorychus villifrons parasite

Taphrorychus villifrons (Dufour, 1843) on Quercus, etc. Quercus, galleries (from Bussler & Immler) parasite Larvae and adults in the bark. host plants polyphagous Alnus glutinosa; Betula pendula, pubescens. Carpinus betulus, orientalis; Castanea sativa; Corylus avellana; Fagus orientalis; Fraxinus excelsior; Prunus avium, persica; Pyrus communis subsp. pyraster; Quercus canariensis, castaneifolia, cerris, frainetto, ilex, lusitanica, petraea, pubescens, […]

Taphrorychus parasite

Saliciphilus ramicola parasite

Saliciphilus ramicola (Reitter, 1894) on woody planta parasite Larvae and adults in the bark. host plants polyphagous Carpinus orientalis; Corylus avellana; Fagus orientalis, sylvatica; Quercus cerris. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). synonyms Taphrorychus ramicola. references Sarıkaya (2013a, 2017a), Tuncer, Knizek & Hulcr (2017a).

Saliciphilus parasite

Taphrocoetes hirtellus parasite

Taphrocoetes hirtellus (Eichhoff, 1878) on deciduous trees Fagus sylvatica: galleries (from Wichmann) parasite Larvae and adults in the bark. host plants polyphagous Corylus avellana; Fagus orientalis, sylvatica, x taurica; Quercus cerris, frainetto. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). synonyms Taphrorychus hirtellus. references Knížek (2009a), Tuncer, Knizek & Hulcr (2017a), Roganović (2012a), Wichmann (1912a).

Taphrocoetes parasite

Taphrorychini parasite

Lymantor coryli parasite

Lymantor coryli (Perris, 1853) on deciduous trees parasite Larvae and adults in the bark. host plants polyphagous Acer campestre, platanoides; Carpinus betulus; Corylus avellana; Fagus sylvatica; Frangula alnus; Prunus padus; Sorbus aucuparia; Tilia cordata. Ak ao write that in Actinidia chinensis the fruits are infected. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Ak, Güçlü & Tuncer […]

Lymantor parasite

Trypodendron laeve parasite

Trypodendron laeve Eggers, 1939 on Picea, Pinus parasite Larvae and adults in the sapwood; ambrosia beetles. host plants Pinaceae, oligophagous Picea abies, jezoensis, obovata; Pinus sylvestris. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Lukášová & Holuša (2014a), Lukášová, Knížek, Holuša, ao (2012a), Olenici, Duduman, Isaia, ao (2018a), Olenici, Knížek, Olenici, ao (2014a), Sanchez, Chittaro, Germann & […]

Phloeosinus laricionis parasite

Phloeosinus laricionis Faccoli & Sidoti, 2013 on Pinus parasite Larvae and adults in the bark of the stems of young trees. host plants Pinaceae, monophagous Pinus nigra subsp. laricio. distribution within Europe Sicily. references Faccoli & Sidoti (2013a).

Stigmella naturnella parasite

Stigmella naturnella (Klimesch, 1936) occupied mine (from van Nieukerken, 2020a) mine Egg at upper- or underside of the leaf, usually free from a vein. Long, slender, more or less sinuous corridor with a rather narrow central frass line, mostly not following a vein. The first section of the gallery lies in the sponge parenchym, therefore […]

Kissophagus novaki parasite

Kissophagus novaki Reitter, 1i94 on Hedera parasite Larvae and adults in the bark. host plants Araliaceae, monophagous Hedera colchica, helix. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Gebhardt (2015b), Nikulina, Mandelshtam, Petrov, ao (2015a), Sanchez, Chittaro, Germann & Knížek (2020a), Schedl (1980a).

Cyclorhipidion bodoanus parasite

Cyclorhipidion bodoanus (Reitter, 1913) on Quercus, etc. parasite Larvae and adults in the sapwood; ambrosia beetle. host plants Fagaceae, oligophagous Castanea sativa; Quercus. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). synonyms Xyleborus bodoanus. references Bussler, Blaschke & Walentowski (2010a), Sanchez, Chittaro, Germann & Knížek (2020a), Vorst, Heijerman, van Nunen & van Wielink (2008a).

Cyclorhipidion parasite

Xyleborinus alni parasite

Xyleborinus alni Niijima, 1909 on decuduous trees parasite Larvae and adults in the sapwood; ambrosia beetle. host plants polyphagous Alnus; Betula; Corylus avellana; Prunus avium; Quercus robur.. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). synonyms Xyleborus alni. references Bussler & Immler (2007a), Vorst, Heijerman, van Nunen & van Wielink (2008a).

Pityogenes trepanatus parasite

Pityogenes trepanatus (Nördlinger, 1848) on Pinus parasite Larvae and adults in the bark. host plants Pinaceae, monophagous Pinus nigra & laricio + pallasiana, pinaster, radiata, sylvestris. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Doychev & Ovcharov (2006a), Duffy (1953a), Lombardero & Novoa (1994a), Munroe (1926a), Nikulina, Mandelshtam, Petrov, ao (2015a), Schedl (1980a), Vorst, Heijerman, van Nunen […]

Dryocoetes alni parasite

Dryocoetes alni (Georg, 1856) on deciduous trees parasite Larvae and adults in the bark of thick dying branches. host plants polyphagous Alnus glutinosa, incana, viridis; Corylus avellana; Fagus orientalis. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). synonyms Dryocaetes, Dryocoetinus, alni. references Borowski & Mokrzycki (2016a), Dodelin (2010a), Duffy (1953a), Munroe (1926a), Nikulina, Mandelshtam, Petrov, ao (2015a), Schedl […]

Crypturgus hispidulus parasite

Crypturgus hispidulus Thomson, 1870 on Picea, etc. parasite Larvae and adults in the bark. host plants Pinaceae, oligophagous Larix; Picea abies; Pinus strobus, sylvestris. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Borowski & Mokrzycki (2016a), Jordal & Kníźek (2007a), Kumbaşli, Hizal, Acer, ao (2018a), Nikulina, Mandelshtam, Petrov, ao (2015a), Schedl (1980a), Vojtěch, Křenová & Jakuš (2013a), […]

Polygraphus grandiclava parasite

Polygraphus grandiclava Thomson, 1886 on Picea, Pinus, Prunus! parasite Larvae and adults in the bark. host plants restricted polyphagous Picea abies; Pinus cembra, heldreichii, mugo, strobus, sylvestris; Prunus avium, cerasus, domestica, padus. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Avtzis, Knížek, Hellrigl & Stauffer (2008a), Battisti & Gallo (1987a), Nikulina, Mandelshtam, Petrov, ao (2015a), Schedl (1980a), […]

Polygraphus parasite

Hypocryphalus scabricollis parasite

Hypocryphalus scabricollis (Eichhoff, 1878) on Ficus parasite Larvae and adults in the bark. host plants Moraceae, monophagous Ficus retusa. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Mifsud & Knížek (2009a).

Hypocryphalus parasite

Crypturgus cylindricollis parasite

Crypturgus cylindricollis Eggers, 1940 on Picea, Pinus parasite Larvae and adults in the bark. host plants Pinaceae, oligophagous Picea orientalis; Pinus. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Mifsud & Knížek (2009a).

Scolytus amygdali parasite

Scolytus amygdali Guérin Méneville, 1847 almond bark beetle on Prunus, etc. parasite Larvae and adults in the bark. host plants Rosaceae, oligophagous Amelanchier ovalis; Mespilus germanica; Prunus armeniaca, dulcis, persica. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Mifsud & Knížek (2009a), Nikulina, Mandelshtam, Petrov, ao (2015a), Petrov, Mandelshtam & Beaver (2019a), Schedl (1980a), Zeiri, Ayberk, Braham […]

Scolytus mali parasite

Scolytus mali (Bechstein, 1805) on Prunus, etc. large fruit-tree bark-beetle parasite Larvae and adults in the bark. host plants polyphagous Carpinus betulus; Castanea sativa; Corylus; Cotoneaster; Crataegus; Cydonia; Malus domestica; Populus; Prunus armeniaca, avium, domestica, laurocerasus, mahaleb, persicca; Pyracantha coccinea; Pyrus communis; Sorbus ointermedia, torminalis; Ulmus. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). synonyms Scolytus pruni (Ratzeburg, […]

Scolytus sulcifrons parasite

Scolytus sulcifrons Rey, 1883 on deciduous trees parasite Larvae and adults in the bark. host plants polyphagous Quercus; Ulmus laevis, minor. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Mifsud & Knížek (2009a), Nikulina, Mandelshtam, Petrov, ao (2015a), Petrov, Mandelshtam & Beaver (2019a).

Hypoborus ficus parasite

Hypoborus ficus Erichson, 1836 fig bark beetle on Ficus, etc. Ficus; at left the gallery system in the decorticated wood (below a biramous boord gallery, on top a blister-like brood gallery); at right the cortex, damaged where it is positioned over a brood gallery © C. Allgaier, from Gebhardt. parasite Larvae and adults in the […]

Hypoborus parasite

Liparthrum mori parasite

Liparthrum mori (Aubé, 1862) on Morus, etc. Morus alba; entrance openings (from Campo ao). parasite Larvae and adults in the barl. host plants polyphagous Genista; Morus alba; Ficus carica; Viscum album subsp. austriacum. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Bernabo (1993a), Campo, Conti & Faccoli (2014a), Mifsud & Knížek (2009a), (Aubé, 1862).

Phloeotribus scarabaeoides parasite

Phloeotribus scarabaeoides (Bernard, 1788) olive bark beetle on Olea, etc. parasite Larvae and adults in the bark of young branches of living trees, but even more of discarded pruning wood. host plants Oleaceae, oligophagous Fraxinus angustiufolia, excelsior; Olea europaea; Phillyrea; Syringa vulgaris. But also Pistacia lentiscus; Rhamnus alaternus. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Athanasíou […]

Phloeotribus parasite

Kissophagus hederae parasite

Kissophagus hederae (Schmitt, 1843) on Hedera feeding traces in a decorticated branch (from Sobczyk) parasite Larvae and adults bore in the bark. host plants Araliaceae, monophagous Hedera colchica, helix. phenology Hibernation as imago, in a gallery. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). synonyms Cissophagus hederae; Kissophagus vicinus (Comolli, 1837). references Duffy (1953a), Gebhardt (2015b), Lombardero & […]

Kissophagus parasite

Xyleborus dryographus parasite

Xyleborus dryographus (Ratzeburg, 1837) on Quercus, etc. Schematic array of the gallery system (from Lombardero, 1996a) parasite Ambrosia beetles, galleries in the sapwood. host plants Fagaceae, oligophagous Acer; Carpinus; Castanea sativa; Fagus x taurica; Prunus laurocerasus; Quercus castaneifolia, cerris, frainetto, ilex, petraea, pubescens robur, suber; Tilia; Ulmus. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Cebeci & […]

Xyleborus monographus parasite

Xyleborus monographus (Fabricius, 1792) on deciduous trees Schematic array of the gallery system (from Lombardero, 1996a) parasite Ambrosia beetles, in the sapwood. host plants polyphagous Acer; Betula pendula; Carpinus betulus; Castanea sativa; Fagus orientalis, sylvatica, x taurica; Fraxinus excelsiorJuglans regia; Prunus avium; Quercus canariensis, castaneifolia, cerris, coccifera, frainetto, ilex, lusitanica, petraea, pubescens, pyrenaica, robur, rubra, […]

Trypodendron signatum parasite

Trypodendron signatum (Fabricius, 1787) on deciduous trees parasite Ambrosia beetles in the sapwood of dowmed or strongly weakened trees. Monogamous species. host plants polyphagous Acer pseudoplatanus;Alnus glutinosa; Betula; Fagus orientalis, sylvatica, x taurica; Fraxinus; Populus; Quercus petraea, robur; Salix; Ulmus. phenology Hibernation as imago in a gallery. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). synonyms Xyloterus signatus; […]

Trypodendron domesticum parasite

Trypodendron domesticum (Linnaeus, 1758) on trees parasite Ambrosia beetles, making galleries in the sapwood of downed or severely weakened trees; monogamous species. host plants polyphagous Acer pseudoplatanus; Alnus glutinosa; Betula pendula; Carpinus betulus; Castanea; Fagus orientalis, sylvatica, x taurica; Ilex aquifolium; Juglans regia; Malus domestica; Picea abies; Quercus pyrenaica, robur; Salix caprea; Sorbus aucuparia. phenology […]

Trypodendron lineatum parasite

Trypodendron lineatum (Olivier, 1795) lineated bark beetle, striped ambrosia beetle on Pseudotsuga, etc. parasite Ambrosia beetles; galleries in the sapwood of thick stems of dead or dying trees. Monogamous species. host plants Pinaceae, oligophagous Abies alba, grandis, nordmanniana & subsp. equi-trojani, numidica, pinsapo; Cedrus libani; Larix decidua, sibirica; Picea abies, omorika, orientalis; Pinus brutia, cembra, […]

Trypodendron parasite

Xyloterini parasite

Scolytus intricatus parasite

Scolytus intricatus (Ratzeburg, 1837) oak bark beetle on Quercus, etc. parasite Larvae and adults in galleries in the bark of the stem and thick branches of dead or declining trees; monogamous species. host plants polyphagous Aesculus hippocastanum; Alnus glutinosa; Betula costata, pendula, pubescens; Carpinus betulus; Castanea sativa; Corylus; Fagus orientalis, sylvatica, x taurica; Juglans; Morus; […]

Phloeotribus rhododactylus parasite

Phloeotribus rhododactylus (Marsham, 1802) on Cytisus, etc. parasite Larvae and adults in galleries in the bark; monogamous species. host plants Fabaceae, oligophagous √Adenocarpus complicatus; Calicotome spinosa, villosa; Cytisus scoparius; Genista florida; Laburnum; Lembotropis nigricans; Retama sphaerocarpa; Spartium junceum; Ulex europaeus. But also recorded from Ficus carica; Fraxinus excelsior. phenology Hibernation as imago, distribution within Europe […]

Phloeotribini parasite

Orthotomicus longicollis parasite

Orthotomicus longicollis (Gyllenhal, 1i827) on Pinus parasite Larvae and adults in the bark of seriously weakened trees; monogamous species. host plants Pinaceae, monophagous Pinus brutia, nigra & subsp. pallasiana, pinaster, sylvestris. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references López Romero, Romón Ochoa, Iturrondobeitia Bilbao & Goldaracena Lafuente (2007a), Nikulina, Mandelshtam, Petrov, ao (2015a), Sarıkaya (2013a), Sarikaya […]

Orthotomicus laricis parasite

Orthotomicus laricis (Fabricius, 1892) lesser larch bark-beetle on Larix, etc. parasite Larvae and adults in the bark of old trees; polygamous species. host plants Pinaceae, oligophagous Larix decidua; Picea abies, obovata, orientalis; Pinus cembra, nigra & subsp. laricio, pinaster, radiata, strobus, sylvestris. phenology Bivoltine. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). synonyms Ips laricis. references Battisti & […]

Ips sexdentatus parasite

Ips sexdentatus (Börner, 1776) on Pinus, etc. parasite Larvae and adults in the bark, generally of weakened trees; polygamous species. host plants Pinaceae, oligophagous Abies nordmanniana & subsp. equi-trojani; Cedrus; Larix; Picea abies, orientalis, pungens; Pinus brutia, heldreichii, koraiensis, nigra & subsp. pallasiana, pinaster, radiata, sibirica, sylvestris; Pseudotsuga menziesii. phenology 1-3 Generations, depending on the […]

Ips acuminatus parasite

Ips acuminatus (Gyllenhal, 1827) on Pinus, etc. parasite Larvae and adults in the bark; polygamous species. Generally in downed trees, but may occur in healthy trees that then may be killed. host plants Pinaceae, oligophagous Abies; Picea abies; Pinus nigra, sylvestris, uncinata. phenology Bivoltine. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Borowski & Mokrzycki (2016a), Duffy […]

Ips parasite

Pityogenes bidentatus parasite

Pityogenes bidentatus (Herbst, 1784) two-toothed pine beetle on Pinus., etc. parasite Larvae and adults in the bark of thin branches; polygamous species. host plants Pinaceae, oligophagous Picea; Pinus mugo, nigra & subsp. pallasiana, pinaster, radiata, strobus, sylvestris, uncinata. phenology 1-2 Generations. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Battisti & Gallo (1987a), Doychev & Ovcharov (2006a), […]

Gnathotrichus materiarius parasite

Gnathotrichus materiarius (Fitch, 1858) on Pinus, etc. Pinus sylvestris, transverse section of stem with galleries and discolouration (© G. Rogowski, uit Mazur ea). parasite Ambrosia beetle, makes long galleries in the wood of weakened or downed trees; monogamous species. host plants Pinaceae, oligophagous Abies; Larix; Picea abies; Pinus echinata, ponderosa, strobus, sylvestris; Pseudotsuga; Tsuga. distribution […]

Gnathotrichus parasite

Cortylina parasite

Pityophthorus lichtensteinii parasite

Pityophthorus lichtensteinii (Ratzeburg, 1837) on Picea, Pinus parasite Larvae and adults in the bark of 1-2 years old twigs of weakened trees; polygamous species; feeding pattern with 4-7 brood galleries. host plants Pinaceae, oligophagous Picea obovata; Pinus cwmbra mugo, nigra & subsp. laricio + pallasiana, pinaster, sibirica, strobus, sylvestris. çRarely Abies alba; Picea abies. distribution […]

Xyleborus eurygraphus parasite

Xyleborus eurygraphus (Ratzeburg, 1873) on Pinus Schematic array of the gallery system (from Lombardero, 1996a) parasite Ambrosia beetles; occurs in weakened or downed trees. host plants Pinaceae, monophagous Pinus brutia, halepensis, nigra & subsp.pallasiana, pinaster, pinea, radiata, sylvestris. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Cebeci & Ayberk (2010a), Comparini, Gallego, Núñez, ao (2018a), Lombardero (1996a), […]

Xyleborus dispar parasite

Xyleborus dispar (Fabricius, 1792) broad-leaved pinhole borer on woody plants Schematic array of the gallery system (from Lombardero, 1996a) parasite Ambrosia beetle, also capable to infect healthy trees. host plants polyphagous Abies; Acer campestre, negundo; Actinidia chinensis; Aesculus hippocastanum; Alnus glutinosa, incana; Betula pendula, pubescens; Carpinus betulus; Castanea dentata, sativa; Celtis; Corylus avellana; Crataegus; Cydonia; […]

Xyleborus parasite

Xylosandrus germanus parasite

Xylosandrus germanus (Blandford, 1894) black timber beetle on woody plants parasite Ambrosia beetles; groups of larvae in the xylem. Mostly in already dead trees, but also capable to attack healthy trees. host plants polyphagous Abies alba; Acer platanoides, pseudoplatanus; Alnus glutinosa; Betula pendula; Carpinus betulus; Castanea crenata, sativa; Cornus florida; Corylus avellana; Diospyros kaki; Fagus […]

Xylosandrus parasite

Xyleborinus saxesenii parasite

Xyleborinus saxesenii (Ratzeburg, 1837) fruit-tree pinhole borer on Prunus, etc., etc. Schematic array of the gallery system (from Lombardero, 1996a) parasite Larvae in a communal, fungus-lined cavity in the sapwood of the thicker branches of weakened trees. Ammbrosia-beetle. host plants polyphagous Abies alba, cilicica, koreana, nordmanniana subsp. equi-trojani; Acacia; Acer campestre, platanoides; Actinidia chinensis, deliciosa; […]

Xyleborinus parasite

Xyleborini parasite

Dryocoetes villosus parasite

Dryocoetes villosus (Fabricius, 1792) on deciduous trees parasite Larvae and adults in the bark of weakened trees. host plants polyphagous ? Alnus glutinosa; Castanea sativa; Fagus x taurica; Quercus petraea, robur. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). synonyms Dryocaetes, Dryocetinus, villosus; Dryocoetes minor Eggers, 1908. references Borowski & Mokrzycki (2016a), Duffy (1953a), Forbicioni, Abbazzi, Bellò ao […]

Dryocoetes autographus parasite

Dryocoetes autographus (Ratzeburg, 1837) on Pinus, etc. parasite Larvae and adults in the bark of thick roots of weakened trees. host plants Pinaceae, oligophagous Abies alba; Larix decidua; Picea abies, obovata, orientalis; Pinus cembra, sibirica, strobus, sylvestris. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). synonyms Dryocaetes autographus. references Battisti & Gallo (1987a), Borowski & Mokrzycki (2016a), Duffy […]

Dryocoetes parasite

Hypothenemus eruditus parasite

Hypothenemus eruditus Westwood, 1836 on woody plants parasite Larvae and adults tunnel in the phloem of the thinnest branches; the species is polygamous, the brood tunnel is 1-3 cm long. host plants polyphagous Acacia; Alnus; Castanea; Citrus; Corylus avellana; Cryptomeria japonica; Diospyros kaki; Eriobotrya japonica; Eucalyptus camaldulensis; Euphorbia balsamifera; Ficus carica; Fraxinus; Geranium; Humulus lupulus; […]

Hylurgops palliatus parasite

Hylurgops palliatus (Gyllenhal, 1813) lesser spruce shoot beetle on Pinus, etc. parasite Larvae and adults in the bark of the base of the stem, thick branches and roots of debilitated trees. Monogamous species. host plants Pinaceae, oligophagous Abies alba, nordmanniana; Larix decidua; Picea abies, obovata, omorika, orientalis; Pinus cembra, nigra, peuce, pinaster, pinea, radiata, sibirica, […]

Hylurgops parasite

Scolytus ratzeburgi parasite

Scolytus ratzeburgi Janson, 1856 birch bark beetle, birch sapwood borer on Betula Betula pendula; infected stem, after removal of the bark, exposing the gallery system engraved in the wood (from Lukić ao). characteristic for this species is a row, of to 20 cm long, of 2 mm sized openings over the brood gallery. parasite Larvae […]

Pityophthorus traeghardhi parasite

Pityophthorus traeghardhi Spessivtseff, 1921 on Picea parasite Larvae and adults in the bark of 4-6 mm thick twigs, 4-6 m above the ground, of exposed trees. host plants Pinaceae, monophagous Picea abies, obovata. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Bakke & Kvamme (1977a), Borowski & Mokrzycki (2016a), Nikulina, Mandelshtam, Petrov, ao (2015a).

Pityophthorus micrographus parasite

Pityophthorus micrographus (Linnaeus, 1758) on Picea, etc. gallery pattern (from Rell ao) parasite Larvae and adults in the bark of thin branches, high above the ground, of weakened trees. host plants Pinaceae, oligophagous Abies alba, sibirica; Picea abies, obovata; Pinus cembra, mugo, sylvesttris. phenology Univoltine. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Borowski & Mokrzycki (2016a), […]

Pityophthorus cephaloniae parasite

Pityophthorus cephaloniae Pfeffer, 1940 on Abies host plants Pinaceae, monophagous Abies cephalonica. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Lieutier, Mendel & Faccoli (2016a).

Pityophthorus pityographus parasite

Pityophthorus pityographus (Ratzeburg, 1837) fir bark beetle on Picea, etc. gallery pattern (from Rell ao) parasite Larvae and adults in the bark of the thinnest twigs. host plants Pinaceae, oligophagous Abies alba, cephalonica, nordmanniana subsp. equi-trojani; Larix decidua; Picea abies, omorika; Pinus cembra, mugo & subsp. rotundata, strobus, sylvestris; Pseudotsuga menziesii. distribution within Europe (PESI, […]

Pityophthorus pinsapo parasite

Pityophthorus pinsapo Pfeffer, 1982 on Abies host plants Pinaceae, monophagous Abies pinsapo. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Lieutier, Mendel & Faccoli (2016a), Plaza (1983a).

Pityophthorus juglandis parasite

Pityophthorus juglandis Blackman, 1928 on Juglans walnut twig beetle parasite Larvae and adults bore in the bark of thick branches. host plants Juglandaceae, monophagous Juglans regia. distribution within Europe Mexican and North American species, recorded in Italy. notes Vector of the fungus Geosmithia morbida Kolařík, Freeland, Utley & Tisserat, 2010, causer of the “thousand cankers […]

Scolytus scolytus parasite

Scolytus scolytus (Fabricius, 1775) on Ulmus, etc parasite Larvae and adults in the bark of the stem and thick branches of weakened trees. host plants polyphagous Ulmus americana, glabra, laevis, minor, pumila; Zelkova carpinifolia. Less often also Carpinus betulus; Fraxinus excelsior; Populus nigra; Salix; Quercus robur. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). synonyms Scolytus destructor Olivier, […]

Scolytus multistriatus parasite

Scolytus multistriatus (Marsham, 1802) small elm bark beetle. smaller european elm bark beetle on Ulmus, etc. parasite In the bark of the stem and thick branches of weakened trees; monogamous species. host plants polyphagous Ulmus glabra, laevis, minor, pumila. less often Corylus colurna; Populus; Prunus; Rhamnus alaternus distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). notes Main vector […]

Scolytus kirschii parasite

Scolytus kirschii Skalitzky, 1876 on Ulmus, etc. parasite In the bark of young branched and stems. host plants Ulmaceae, monophagous Ulmus glabra, laevis, minor, pumula. Rarely Fraxinus; Populus; Prunus. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Compte (1981a), Marković & Stojanović (2012a, 2015a), Nikulina, Mandelshtam, Petrov, ao (2015a), Petrov, Mandelshtam & Beaver (2019a), Sanchez, Chittaro, Germann […]

Scolytus rugulosus parasite

Scolytus rugulosus (Müller, 1818) shothole borer, small fruit bark beetle on Prunus, etc. brood gallery and larval galleries (from Ayberk & Cebeci) parasite Larvae and adults in the bark. host plants polyphagous Acer platanoides, undulatum; Alnus glutinosa; Amelanchier ovalis; Castanea sativa; Corylus avellana; Cotoneaster multiflorus; Crataegus monogyna; Cydonia oblonga; Eriobotrya japonica; Fagus sylvatica; Malus domestica, […]

Scolytus ensifer parasite

Scolytus ensifer Eichhoff, 1881 on Ulmus, Zelkova parasite in the bark. host plants Ulmaceae, monophagous Ulmus glabra, laevis, minor; Zelkova carpinifolia. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Marković & Stojanović (2012a, 2015a), Mifsud & Colonnelli (2010a), Nikulina, Mandelshtam, Petrov, ao (2015a), Petrov, Mandelshtam & Beaver (2019a), Sanchez, Chittaro, Germann & Knížek (2020a), Schedl (1980a).

Scolytus parasite

Scolytini parasite

Pityokteines spinidens parasite

Pityokteines spinidens (Reitter, 1894) on Abies host plants Pinaceae, monophagous Abies alba, grandis, nordmanniana. Rarely Pinus sylvestris distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Borowski & Mokrzycki (2016a), Lieutier, Mendel & Faccoli (2016a), Nikulina, Mandelshtam, Petrov, ao (2015a), Schedl (1980a).

Pityokteines vorontzowi parasite

Pityokteines vorontzowi (Jakobson, 1895) on Abies host plants Pinaceae, monophagous Abies alba, nordmanniana subsp. equi-trojani. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). synonyms Pityokteines vorontzovi. references Lieutier, Mendel & Faccoli (2016a), Nikulina, Mandelshtam, Petrov, ao (2015a), Schedl (1980a).

Pityokteines curvidens parasite

Pityokteines curvidens (Germar, 1824) fir engraver beetle, silver fir bark beetle on Abies.etc. brood galleries in the bark (from Mößnang). parasite In the thin bark of the stem and thick branches high in the canopy. host plants Pinaceae, oligophagous Abies alba, borisii-regis, cephalonica, cilicica, firma, nordmanniana subsp. equi-trojani, sachalinensis; Picea abies. phenology Bivoltine; hibernation as […]

Pityokteines parasite

Pityogenes quadridens parasite

Pityogenes quadridens (Hartig,1834) on Pinus parasite Larvae and adults in the bark of thin branches. host plants Pinaceae, monophagous Pinus banksiana, brutia. mugo, nigra, sylvestris. phenology 1-2 Generations. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Borowski & Mokrzycki (2016a), Ciesla, Erkanat & Akeson (2011a), Doychev & Ovcharov (2006a), Duffy (1953a), López Romero, Romón Ochoa, Iturrondobeitia Bilbao […]

Pityogenes pennidens parasite, references

Pityogenes pennidens (Reitter, 1889) on Pinus host plants Pinaceae, monophagous Pinus brutia, halepensis, pinea. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Ciesla, Erkanat & Akeson (2011a), Lieutier, Mendel & Faccoli (2016a), Sarıkaya (2013a), Sarikaya & Avci (2011a).

Pityogenes calcaratus parasite

Pityogenes calcaratus (Eichhof, 1878) on Pinus, etc. parasite In the bark of thin branches of severely weakened trees; polygamous species. host plants Pinaceae, oligophagous Cedrus deodara; Pinus brutia, halepensis, nigra, pinaster, pinea, radiata, sylvestris; Pseudotsuga menziesii. phenology 2-4 generations. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). notes Mainly in trees that already have been weakened by an […]

Pityogenes parasite

Phloeosinus acatayi parasite

Phloeosinus acatayi Schedl, 1958 on Cedrus, Juniperus host plants Pinaceae, oligophagous Cedrus libani; Juniperus excelsa. distribution within Europe Turkey. references Lieutier, Mendel & Faccoli (2016a), Sarikaya & Yildirim (2011a).

Phloeosinus rudis parasite

Phloeosinus rudis Blandford, 1894 on Platycladus host plants Cupressaceae, monophagous Platycladus orientalis. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Lieutier, Mendel & Faccoli (2016a).

Phloeosinus henschi parasite

Phloeosinus henschi Reitter, 1901 on Cupressus, Juniperus host plants Cupressaceae, oligophagous Cupressus sempervirens; Juniperus oxycedrus, phoenicea; Thuja. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Lieutier, Mendel & Faccoli (2016a), Nikulina, Mandelshtam, Petrov, ao (2015a).

Phloeosinus cedri parasite

Phloeosinus cedri Brisout de Barneville, 1883 on Cedrus host plants Pinaceae, monophagous Cedrus atlantica. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Lieutier, Mendel & Faccoli (2016a).

Phloeosinus thujae parasite

Phloeosinus thujae (Perris, 1855) on Juniperus, etc. parasite In the bark of thin (

Phloeosinus aubei parasite

Phloeosinus aubei (Perris, 1855) small cypress shoot beetle on Juniperus, etc. galleries (from Nowak ao) parasite in the bark of branches and stems of strongly weakened trees. host plants Cupressaceae, oligophagous Cephalotaxus; Cryptomeria japonica; Cupressus lusitanica, macrocarpa, sempervirens; Juniperus communis, excelsa, foetidissima, oxycedrus & subsp. macrocarpa, phoenicea, sabina, virginiana; Platycladus orientalis; Sequoiadendron giganteum; Tetraclinis articulata; […]

Phloeosinus armatus parasite

Phloeosinus armatus Reitter, 1887 cypress shoot beetle on Cupressus parasite In up to 2 com thick stressed stems and branches. host plants Cupressaceae, monophagous Cupressus arizonica, macrocarpa, sempervirens. phenology 2-4 Generations distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Ciesla, Erkanat & Akeson (2011a), Lieutier, Mendel & Faccoli (2016a) .

Phloeosinus parasite

Phloeosinini parasite

Orthotomicus tridentatus parasite

Orthotomicus tridentatus Eggers, 1921 on Cedrus parasite In the bark of trees under stress. host plants Pinaceae, monophagous Cedrus libani. phenology Bivoltine. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Lieutier, Mendel & Faccoli (2016a).

Carphoborus minimus parasite

Carphoborus minimus Fabrcius, 1798 on Pinus host plants Pinaceae, monophagous Pinus bankaiana, brutia, mugo, nigra & subsp. laricio + pallasiana, pinaster, sylvestris. Rarely Larix decidua distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Doychev & Ovcharov (2006a), Nikulina, Mandelshtam, Petrov, ao (2015a), Ruiz-Portero, Barranco & Cabello (2004a), Schedl (1980a).

Pityophthorus pubescens parasite

Pityophthorus pubescens (Marsham, 1802) twig beetle on Pinus parasite Larvae and adults make irregular galleries in the bark of terminal branches. host plants Pinaceae, monophagous Pinus halepensis, nigra, pinaster, pinea, radiata, sylvestris. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Ciesla, Erkanat & Akeson (2011a), Duffy (1953a), Lieutier, Mendel & Faccoli (2016a), López, Iturrondobeitia & Goldarazena (2013a), […]

Pityophthorus parasite

Pityophthorina parasite

Tomicus minor parasite

Tomicus minor (Hartig, 1834) lesser pine shoot beetle on Pinus parasite Larvae bore in the bark of thinner branches of weakened trees. host plants Pinaceae, monophagous Pinus brutia, densiflora, halepensis, koraiensis, mugo & subsp. rotundata, nigra & subsp. laricio + pallasiana + salzmannii, pinaster, pinea, radiata, strobus, sylvestris, thunbergii. Also listed from Picea orientalis and […]

Crypturgus cinereus parasite

Crypturgus cinereus (Herbst, 1793) on Pinus, etc. parasite Larvae and adults make irregular tunnels in the bark is weakened trees. The beetles, less than 1.5 mm in size, need the entrance holes of bigger species for penetration. The species is monogamous. host plants Pinaceae, oligophagous Abies alba, sibirica; ? Juniperus; Picea abies, obovata, orientalis; Pinus […]

Crypturgus subcribrosus parasite

Crypturgus subcribrosus Eggers 1933 on Picea, Pinus host plants Pinaceae, oligophagous Picea abies; Pinus sylvestris. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Jordal & Kníźek (2007a), Nikulina, Mandelshtam, Petrov, ao (2015a), Sanchez, Chittaro, Germann & Knížek (2020a).

Hylurgus miklitzi parasite

Hylurgus miklitzi Wachtl, 1881 on Pinus host plants Pinaceae, monophagous Pinus brutia, halepensis, nigra, pinaster, pinea. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Lieutier, Mendel & Faccoli (2016a), Mifsud & Knížek (2009a), Sarıkaya (2013a), Sarikaya & Yildirim (2011a).

Hylurgus ligniperda parasite

Hylurgus ligniperda Hylurgus ligniperda red-haired, golden-haired, pine bark beetle on Pinus parasite Larvae in the bark of the stem basis, root collar of thick superficial roots of severely weakened or dead trees. Monogamous species. host plants Pinaceae, monophagous Pinus brutia, halepensis, mugo, nigra & subsp. pallasiana, pinaster, pinea, radiata, strobus, sylvestris. phenology Bivoltine. distribution within […]

Hylurgus parasite

Tomicini parasite

Hylastes batnensis parasite

Hylastes batnensis Brisout de Barneville, 1883 on Cedrus host plants Pinaceae, monophagous Cedrus libani. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Lieutier, Mendel & Faccoli (2016a).

Hylastes attenuatus parasite

Hylastes attenuatus Erichson, 1836 on Pinus parasite Larvae and adults in the bark of stems and branches; thee species is monogamous. host plants Pinaceae, monophagous Pinus halepensis, nigra subsp. pallasiana, pinaster, pinea, sylvestris. phenology Univoltine, distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Doychev & Ovcharov (2006a), Duffy (1953a), Lieutier, Mendel & Faccoli (2016a), López Romero, Romón […]

Hylastes angustatus parasite

Hylastes angustatus (Herbst, 1793) on Picea, Pinus parasite Larvae and adults in the bark of thick roots and the base of the stem of weakened trees. The species is monogamous. host plants Pinaceae, oligophagous Picea abies, orientalis; Pinus nigra & subsp. pallasiana, peuce, pinaster, pinea, ponderosa, radiata, sylvestris. phenology Unovoltine. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). […]

Hylastes linearis parasite

Hylastes linearis Erichson, 1836 on Pinus host plants Pinaceae, monophagous Pinus brutia, canariensis, halepensis, nigra, pinaster, pinea, sylvestris. phenology Univoltine. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Doychev, Ovcharov & Golev (2012a), Forbicioni, Abbazzi, Bellò ao (2019a), Lieutier, Mendel & Faccoli (2016a), Nikulina, Mandelshtam, Petrov, ao (2015a), Olenici, Knížek, Olenici, ao (2014a), Sarikaya & Avci (2011a), […]

Hylastes ater parasite

Hylastes ater (Paykull, 1800) black pine bark beetle on Pinus parasite Larvae in the bark of the base of trees and thick exposed roots of strongly weakened trees. The young beetles feed for their maturation on the bark of young trees and saplings, often killing them. Monogamous species. host plants Pinaceae, monophagous Pinus nigra & […]

Hylastes parasite

Hylastini parasite

Crypturgus parallelocollis parasite

Crypturgus parallelocollis Eichhof, 1878 on Abies parasite Irregular galleries in the bark of dying trees. The tiny adult beetles enter the bark using entrance openings made by larger bark beetles species. host plants Pinaceae, monophagous Abies borisii-regis, cephalonica. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Lieutier, Mendel & Faccoli (2016a).

Crypturgus cribrellus parasite

Crypturgus cribrellus Reitter, 1894 on Pinus parasite Irregular galleries in the bark of dying trees. The tiny adult beetles enter the bark using entrance openings made by larger bark beetles species. host plants Pinaceae, monophagous Pinus brutia, halepensis, nigra & subsp. pallasiana, pinaster, pinea, sylvestris. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Lieutier, Mendel & Faccoli […]

Crypturgus numidicus parasite

Crypturgus numidicus Ferrari, 1867 on Abies, Cedrus, Picea parasite Irregular galleries in the bark of dying trees. The tiny adult beetles enter the bark using entrance openings made by larger bark beetles species. host plants Pinaceae, monophagous Abies numidica, pinsapo; Cedrus libani; Pinus brutia, halepensis, heldreichii, nigra, pinaster, sylvestris. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references […]

Crypturgus mediterraneus parasite

Crypturgus mediterraneus Eichhof, 1871 on Abies, Pinus parasite Irregular galleries in the bark of dying trees. The tiny adult beetles enter the bark using entrance openings made by larger bark beetles species. host plants Pinaceae, oligophagous Abies numidica, pinsapo; Pinus brutia, halepensis, nigra aubsp. pallasiana, pinaster, pinsapo, radiata. phenology At least three generations per year. […]

Crypturgus parasite

Crypturgini parasite

Cryphalus piceae parasite

Cryphalus piceae (Ratzeburg, 1837) fir bark beetle on Abies, etc. parasite Larvae make galleries, radiation from a central point, in the phloem of branches of weakened trees. host plants Pinaceae, ± monophagous Abies alba, borisii-regis, cephalonica, cilicica, nordmanniana & subsp. equi-trojani, procera; Picea abies. phenology Bivoltine. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Borowski & Mokrzycki […]

Cryphalus numidicus parasite

Cryphalus numidicus Eichhof, 1878 on Abies, etc. parasite THe larvae make irregular tunnels in the phloem of young branches of healthy trees. host plants Pinaceae, oligophagous Abies numidica, pinsapo; Cedrus atlantica; Pinus halepensis. phenology Univoltine or bivoltine. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Lieutier, Mendel & Faccoli (2016a).

Cryphalus parasite

Carphoborus marani parasite

Carphoborus marani Pfeffer, 1941 on Pinus host plants Pinaceae, monophagous Pinus halepensis. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Lieutier, Mendel & Faccoli (2016a).

Carphoborus henscheli parasite

Carphoborus henscheli Reitter, 1887 on Pinus, etc. host plants Pinaceae, monophagous Cedrus libani; Pinus brutia, heldreichii, mugo, nigra, peuce, pinea, sylvestris. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Lieutier, Mendel & Faccoli (2016a), Sarıkaya (2013a), Sarikaya & Yildirim (2011a).

Carphoborus perrisi parasite

Carphoborus perrisi (Chapuis, 1869) on Pistacia, etc. host plants Anacardiaceae, monophagous Pistacia atlantica subsp. mutica, terebinthus, vera. Rarely also Acer; Cotinus coggygria; Olea europaea; Pinus. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Forbicioni, Abbazzi, Bellò ao (2019a), Nikulina, Mandelshtam, Petrov, ao (2015a).

Carphoborus bonnairei parasite

Carphoborus bonnairei Brisout de Barneville, 1884 on Pinus host plants Pinaceae, monophagous Pinus halepensis. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Lieutier, Mendel & Faccoli (2016a).

Carphoborus pini parasite

Carphoborus pini Eichhof, 1881 on Pinus parasite Larvae in up to 0.5 cc thick branches of dying or stressed trees. host plants Pinaceae, monophagous Pinus halepensis, pinaster, pinea. Occasionally Pinus brutia distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Ciesla, Erkanat & Akeson (2011a), Forbicioni, Abbazzi, Bellò ao (2019a), Lieutier, Mendel & Faccoli (2016a).

Carphoborus parasite

Polygraphini parasite

Tomicus destruens parasite

Tomicus destruens (Wollaston, 1865) mediterranean pine shoot weevil on Pinus parasite Larvae bore in the bark of young thin stems and not too thick branches. host plants Pinaceae, monophagous Pinus brutia, canariensis, halepensis, pinaster, pinea. phenology Univoltine. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Ciesla, Erkanat & Akeson (2011a), Faccoli (2006a), Forbicioni, Abbazzi, Bellò ao (2019a), […]

Xylocleptes bispinus parasite

Xylocleptes bispinus (Duftschmid, 1825) on Clematis parasite Larvae bore in the stem, under the bark. host plants Ranunculaceae, monophagous Clematis orientalis, vitalba. Also Vitis vinifera ? (Comparini ao). phenology Bkivoltine. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). notes Mainly in dead and dying branches, less often in living wood. references Comparini, Gallego, Núñez, ao (2018a), Duffy (1953a), […]

Xylocleptes parasite

Platyphytoptus vitalbae parasite

Platyphytoptus vitalbae Farkas, 1960 parasite Described on the base of a single specimen that was found on Clematis vitalba. Also because the other species of this genus live on conifers, it is assumed that this was a coincidental association. references Farkas (1960a, 1965a), Mihajlović, Spasić, Petanović & Mihajlović (1998a), Ripka (2007a).

Orthotomicus erosus parasite

Orthotomicus erosus (Wollaston, 1857) mediterranean pine engraver on Pinus parasite Mainly in dead wood, but also capable to infest live trees that are stressed by drought etc. The females gnaw a gallery in the bark (in the phloem) and deposit individual eggs; the larvae make their individual gallery in the phloem. Polygamous species. host plants […]

Orthotomicus parasite

Coccotrypes dactyliperda parasite

Coccotrypes dactyliperda (Fabricius, 1801) date stone beetle on Phoenix, etc. infected date (from Forbicioni ao) parasite Larvae in the seeds. Infected seeds drop to the ground.. host plants Arecaceae, monophagous Howea forsteriana; Phoenix canariensis, dactylifera. phenology Bivoltien. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Comparini, Gallego, Núñez, ao (2018a), Duffy (1953a), Forbicioni, Abbazzi, Bellò ao (2019a), […]

Coccotrypes parasite

Dactylotrypes longicollis parasite

Dactylotrypes longicollis (Wollaston, 1864) on Chamaerops, Dracaena, Phoenix parasite Larvae in the seeds. host plants Arecaceae, Asparagaceae, narrowly polyphagous Chamaerops humilis; Dracaena draco; Phoenix canariensis, dactylifera. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Forbicioni, Abbazzi, Bellò ao (2019a), Israelson, Machado, Oromi & Palm (1981a), LaBonte & Takahashi (2012a), Lombardero & Novoa (1994a), Mifsud & Colonnelli (2010a).

Dactylotrypes parasite

Dryocoetini parasite

Hypothenemus leprieuri parasite

Hypothenemus leprieuri (Perris, 1866) on Ficus host plants Moraceae, monophagous Ficus carica. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). synonyms Hypothenemus leprieurii. references Forbicioni, Abbazzi, Bellò ao (2019a), Mifsud & Knížek (2009a).

Hypothenemus parasite

Cryphalini parasite

Smicronyx revelierei parasite

Smicronyx revelierei Tournier, 1874 on Centaurium host plants Gentianaceae, monophagous Centaurium. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Forbicioni, Abbazzi, Bellò ao (2019a).

Melaleucus spoliatus parasite

Melaleucus spoliatus (Boheman, 1836) on Beta host plants Amaranthaceae, monophagous Beta vulgaris. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Colonnelli, Osella & Cornacchia (2011a), Forbicioni, Abbazzi, Bellò ao (2019a), Mifsud & Colonnelli (2010a).

Melaleucus parasite

Microplontus nigrovittatus parasite

Microplontus nigrovittatus (Schultze, 1901) on Glebionis host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Glebionis coronaria. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). synonyms Microplontus subfasciatus (Chevrolat, 1860). references Forbicioni, Abbazzi, Bellò ao (2019a).

Ceutorhynchus duvali parasite

Ceutorhynchus duvali Brisout de Barneville, 1869 on Bunias host plants Brassicaceae, monophagous Bunias erucago. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Colonnelli, Osella & Cornacchia (2011a), Forbicioni, Abbazzi, Bellò ao (2019a), Hacet & Colonelli (2019a), Papi (2009a).

Micrelus ferrugatus parasite

Micrelus ferrugatus (Perris, 1847) on Calluna, Erica host plants Eeicaceae, monophagous Calluna vulgaris; Erica tetralix. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Delbol (2013a), Forbicioni, Abbazzi, Bellò ao (2019a) .

Baridina parasite

Apostasimerini parasite

Dichromacalles dromedarius parasite

Dichromacalles dromedarius (Boheman, 1844) on Helminthotheca parasite Larvae at the roots. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Helminthotheca echioides. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Forbicioni, Abbazzi, Bellò ao (2019a).

Dichromacalles diocletianus parasite

Dichromacalles diocletianus (Germar, 1817) on Centaurea parasite Larvae at the roots. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Centaurea calcitrapa. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Forbicioni, Abbazzi, Bellò ao (2019a), Mifsud & Colonnelli (2010a).

Dichromacalles parasite

Tylodina parasite

Coniocleonus tabidus parasite

Coniocleonus tabidus (Olivier, 1790) on Cistus host plants Cistaceae, monophagous Cistus. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Forbicioni, Abbazzi, Bellò ao (2019a).

Perapion ilvense parasite

Perapion ilvense (Wagner, 1905) on Rumex host plants Polygonaceae, monophagous Rumex acetosella. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Ehret (1990a), Forbicioni, Abbazzi, Bellò ao (2019a), Velázquez de Castro, Alonso Zarazaga & Outerelo (1990a).

Exapion subparallelum parasite

Exapion subparallelum (Desbrochers des Loges, 1888) on Calicotome host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Calicotome spinosa, villosa. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Ehret (1990a), Forbicioni, Abbazzi, Bellò ao (2019a).

Thamiocolus susannae parasite

Thamiocolus susannae Dieckmann, 1982 on Salvia host plants Lamiaceae, monophagous Salvia. notes Not listed in (PESI, 2020) but accepted as a valid species in the catalogue by Colonnelli. references Colonnelli (2004a), Sert(2009a).

Pseudocoeliodes rubricus parasite

Pseudocoeliodes rubricus (Gyllenhal, 1837) on Pistacia, etc. parasite Larvae bore in the flowers and in the axis of the inflorescence. host plants Anacardiaceae, ± monophagous Pistacia. Occasionally Paliurus spina-christi (Rhamnaceae). distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Sert (2009a), Tzanakakis (2009a).

Pseudocoeliodes parasite

Neoglocianus smyrnensis parasite

Neoglocianus smyrnensis (Schultze, 1898) on Papaver host plants Papaveraceae, monophagous Papaver rhoeas. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Sert (2009a).

Coeliastes rustemi parasite

Coeliastes rustemi Korotyaev, Gültekin and Colonnelli, 2002 on Lamium host plants Lamiaceae, monophagous Lamium album, multifidum. distribution within Europe Turkey. references Sert (2009a).

Lixus bidens parasite

Lixus bidens Capiomont, 1874 on Opopanax parasite Oviposition in a prefabricated perforation of thee stem; the larva lives as a borer. host plants Apiaceae, monophagous Opopanax chironium. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Péricart (1960a).

Hyporatasa allotriella parasite

Hyporatasa allotriella (Herrich-Schäffer, 1855) on Camphorosma parasite Biology of the larva not described. Pupation in a dense, interiorly white cocoon in a tube in the soil. host plants Amaranthaceae, monophagous Camphorosma annua. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). synonyms Pogonotrophus allotriella. references Fazekas (2013a).

Hyporatasa parasite

Hypera pandellei parasite

Hypera pandellei (Capiomont, 1868) on Lathyrus, etc. parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. Pupation in a globular, smooth, white cocoon among the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, oligophagous Lathyrus linifolius, pratensis; Vicia sepium. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). larva Light green, pinacula black (Dieckmann) references Dieckmann (1989b).

Neoglanis globosus parasite

Neoglanis globosus Fairmaire, 1858) on Astragalus, etc. parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves; there also the pupa, in a with reticulate cocoon. host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Astragalus monspessulanus; Dorycnium pentaphyllum; Onobrychis viciifolia. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). larva Green, marrow white dorsal line; hairs long, white, on tiny dark pinacula; stigmata green. synonyms […]

Neoglanis rubi parasite

Neoglanis rubi (Krauss, 1900) on Rubus parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Rosaceae, monophagous Rubus idaeus. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). larva Green, white lateral band; hairs long, pale, on black pinacula; stigmata green. synonyms Donus rubi. references Cunev (2013a), Dieckmann (1989b), Wolf (2017a).

Neoglanis segnis parasite

Neoglanis segnis (Capiomont, 1866) on Rumex parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves; pupation a cocoon, attached to the plant. host plants Polygonaceae, monophagous Rumex arifolius. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). larva Green with white hairs on small black pinacula; stigmata green. synonyms Donus segnis. references Benedikt, Borovec, Fremuth ao (2010a), Dieckmann (1989b).

Sharpia rubida parasite

Sharpia rubida (Rosenhauer, 1856) on Cressa parasite Larvae in the flowers buds; pupation in the soil. host plants Convolvulaceae, monophagous Cressa cretica. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). larva larva lateral and dorsal (from Gompel ao). references Alonso-Zarazaga, Ugarte San Vicente & Coello (2009a), Baviera & Caldara (2020a), Gompel, Piry, Desnouhes, ao (2009a), Mifsud & Colonnelli […]

Sharpia parasite

Archarius vicetinus parasite

Archarius vicetinus (Cussigh, 1989) on Acer parasite inquilnes in galls of Pediaspis aceris that have been parasitised by Dichatomus acerinus. The fully fed larva leaved the gall via a hole in the wall and pupates in the soil. host plants Sapindaceae, monofaag Acer pseudoplatanus. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). synonyms Curculio vicetinus. references Callot (2014a), […]

Mesopolobus sericeus parasite

Mesopolobus sericeus (Förster, 1770) on Acer parasite Inquiline of Pediaspis aceris. host plants Sapindaceae, monofaag Acer pseudoplatanus. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). synonyms Mesopolobus jucundus Walker, 1834. references Pujade i Villar (1994a).

Mesopolobus parasite

Eupelmus splendens parasite

Eupelmus splendens Giraud, 1872 on Acer parasite Inquiline of Pediaspis aceris. host plants Sapindaceae, monofaag Acer pseudoplatanus. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Pujade i Villar (1994a).

Eupelmidae parasite

Cecidostiba docimus parasite

Cecidostiba docimus (Walker, 1839) on Acer parasite Inquiline of Pediaspis aceris. host plants Sapindaceae, monofaag Acer pseudoplatanus. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). synonyms Cecidostiba juncundus, “jucunda” Förster, 1851. references Askew (1963a), Pujade i Villar (1994a).

Cecidostiba parasite

Pteromalinae parasite

Eurytoma pediaspisi parasite

Eurytoma pediaspisi Pujade i Villar, 1994 on Acer parasite Inquiline of Pediaspis aceris. host plants Sapindaceae, monofaag Acer pseudoplatanus. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Pujade i Villar (1994a).

Neoglanis velutinus parasite

Neoglanis velutinus (Boheman, 1842) on herbs parasite Larvae freely at the undersides of the leaves; here also the pupae, in a white reticulate cocoon. host plants polyphagous Aconitum napellus; Doronicum austriacum; Rumex alpinus; Saxifraga rotundifolia; Stellaria nemorum. phenology Univoltine. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). larva Greenish, with dorsally white length lines and short white hairs. […]

Rutidosoma monticola parasite

Rutidosoma monticola (Otto, 1897) on Oxalis host plants Oxalidaceae, monophagous Oxalis acetosella. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Teodor & Crişan (2010a).

Neoglanis ovalis parasite

Neoglanis ovalis (Boheman, 1842) on herbs parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves; pupation in a white reticulate cocoon at the plant. host plants FFFFFFF, monophagous oligophagous polyphagous Adenostyles; Alchemilla vulgaris; Bistorta officinalis; Centaurea; Chaerophyllum hirsutum; Geranium palustre, sylvaticum; Leucanthemum; Petasites; Rubus; Rumex alpinus; Senecio; Stellaria; Tanacetum vulgare. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). larva […]

Neoglanis tessellatus parasite

Neoglanis tessellatus (Boheman, 1834) on Achillea parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. Here also the pupa, in a white, reticulate cocoon. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Achillea millefolium. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). larva, pupa Green with a narrow dorsal and a broad lateral white line; hairs long. See Dieckmann, Skuhrovec. synonyms ? Donus […]

Donus reichi parasite

Donus reichi (Capiomont, 1868) on Medicago parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Medicago. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). larva, pupa See Skuhrovec. references Skuhrovec (2007a).

Neoglanis palumbarius parasite

Neoglanis palumbarius (Germar, 1821) on Lamium, Salvia parasite Larvae free at the undersides of the leaves. host plants Lamiaceae, oligophagous Lamium orvala; Salvia glutinosa. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). larva, pupa Green with white hairs and green stigmata; sometimes a white dorsal and lateral length line. See Dieckmann, Skuhrovec. synonyms Donus palumbarius. references Cunev (2013a), […]

Neoglanis oxalidis parasite

Neoglanis oxalidis (Herbst, 1795) on herbs parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves; pupation in q white reticulate cocoon at the plant. host plants polyphagous Adenostyles; Chaerophyllum aromaticum; Petasites; Senecio. phenology Univoltine. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). larva Green, long witte hairs. See Dieckmann, Skuhrovec. synonyms Donus oxalidis. references Benedikt, Borovec, Fremuth ao (2010a), […]

Neoglanis osellai parasite

Neoglanis osellai (Winkelman, 2001) on Achillea parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Achillea clavennae. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). larva, pupa See Skuhrovec. synonyms Donus osellai. references Skuhrovec (2007a).

Neoglanis intermedius parasite

Neoglanis intermedius (Boheman, 1842) on herbs parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves; pupation in a white reticulate cocoon on the plant. host plants polyphagous Achillea millefolium; Centaurea jacea, scabiosa; Cirsium arvense; Convolvulus arvensis; Daucus carota; Mentha x piperita; Myrrhis odorata; Salvia pratensis, verbenaca, verticillata; Tripleurospermum inodorum. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). larva, pupa […]

Neoglanis cyrtus parasite

Neoglanis cyrtus (Germar, 1821) on herbs parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Centaurea; Lamium purpureum; Mentha; Origanum vulgare; Sanguisorba minor; Sarcopoterium spinosum. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). larva, pupa See Skuhrovec. synonyms Donus cyrtus. references Benedikt, Borovec, Fremuth ao (2010a), Germann & Braunert (2016a, 2018a), Germann, Müller, Müller & Schön […]

Donus crinitus parasite

Donus crinitus (Boheman, 1834) on Medicago parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Medicago. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). larva, pupa See Skuhrovec. synonyms Brachypera crinita. references Colonnelli, Osella & Cornacchia (2011a), Skuhrovec (2007a), Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Neoglanis comatus parasite

Neoglanis comatus (Boheman, 1842) on herbs parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves; pupation in a smooth, yellowish cocoon attached to the plant. host plants polyphagous Anthriscus; Aruncus; Bistorta officinalis; Chaerophyllum hirsutum; Geranium; Myosoton aquaticum. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). larva Green with white dorsal and lateral linres; hairs short white; stigmata green. See […]

Pachyrhinus mustela parasite

Pachyrhinus mustela (Herbst, 1797) on Pinus, etc. parasite Larvae at the roots. host plants Pinaceae, oligophagous Abies; Picea; Pinus. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Rheinheimer & Hassler (2010a).

Pachyrhinus lethierryi parasite

Pachyrhinus lethierryi (Desbrochers des Loges, 1875) on Cupressus, etc. parasite Larvae at the roots. host plants Cupressaceae, oligophagous Chamaecyparis lawsoniana; Cupressus; Juniperus; Thuja plicata. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Delbol, Dekoninck & Drumont (2013a), Germann (2013b), Germann & Braunert (2018a), Mifsud & Colonnelli (2018a)

Pachyrhinus parasite

Neoxyonyx strigatirostris parasite

Neoxyonyx strigatirostris (Hochhut, 1847) on Ephedra host plants Ephedraceae, monophagous Ephedra major & subsp. procera. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Germann & Braunert (2018a), Sert (2009a).

Neoxyonyx parasite

Ita korotyaevi parasite

Ita korotyaevi Meregalli & Borovec, 2011 on Halocnemum host plants Amaranthaceae, monophagous Halocnemum strobilaceum. distribution within Europe Turkey. references Baviera & Caldara (2020a).

Ita hispanica parasite

Ita hispanica Meregalli & Borovec, 2011 on Suaeda host plants Amaranthaceae, monophagous Suaeda vera. distribution within Europe Spain. references Meregalli & Borovec (2011a).

Ita parasite

Itini parasite

Tychius naxiae parasite

Tychius naxiae Faust, 1889 on Melilotus host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Melilotus. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Baviera & Caldara (2020a).

Tychius longicollis parasite

Tychius longicollis Brisout de Barneville, 1862 on Ononis, Trifolium host plants Fabaceae, oligophagous Ononis spinosa subsp. procurrens; Trifolium. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Baviera & Caldara (2020a), Benedikt, Borovec, Fremuth ao (2010a), Forbicioni, Abbazzi, Bellò ao (2019a).

Tychius grandicollis parasite

Tychius grandicollis Desbrochers des Loges, 1873 on Trifolium host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Trifolium. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Baviera & Caldara (2020a).

Tychius cupriferoides parasite

Tychius cupriferoides (Ragusa, 1922) on Trifolium host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Trifolium. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Baviera & Caldara (2020a), Colonnelli & Osella (2009a), Skuhrovec, Gosik & Caldara (2014a).

Tychius amplicollis parasite

Tychius amplicollis Aubé, 1850 on Vicia larva © Francesco Sacco (from Casalini ao) parasite Larvae in the pods. host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Vicia sativa subsp. macrocarpa. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Baviera & Caldara (2020a), Casalini, Colonnelli & Sacco (2018a).

Sibinia tychiiformis parasite

Sibinia tychiiformis Pic, 1902 on Paronychia host plants Caryophyllaceae, monophagous Paronychia. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Baviera & Caldara (2020a).

Sibinia planiuscula parasite

Sibinia planiuscula Desbrochers des Loges, 1873 on Limonium host plants Plumbaginaceae, monophagous Limonium. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Baviera & Caldara (2020a).

Pachytychius avulsus parasite

Pachytychius avulsus Faust, 1885 on Triticum host plants Poaceae, monophagous Triticum. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Baviera & Caldara (2020a).

Pseudorchestes flavidus parasite

Pseudorchestes flavidus (Brisout de Barneville, 1865) on Centaurea host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Centaurea. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Baviera & Caldara (2020a).

Rhinusa incana parasite

Rhinusa incana (Kirsh, 1881) on Linaria host plants Plantaginaceae, monophagous Linaria capraria, “multicaulis subsp. aetnensis + humilis + messaniensis”. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). notes Linaria multicaulis, without reference to an author, is an ambiguous name, but based on the distribution of the beetle, Sicily, it may be assumed that L. supina was intended. However, […]

Rhinusa griseohirta parasite

Rhinusa griseohirta (Desbrochers des Loges, 1869) on Linaria host plants Plantaginaceae, monophagous Linaria. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Baviera & Caldara (2020a).

Rhinusa depressa parasite

Rhinusa depressa (Rottenberg, 1871) on Antirrhinum, Misopates host plants Plantaginaceae, oligophagous Antirrhinum latifolium; Misopates orontium. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Baviera & Caldara (2020a), Forbicioni, Abbazzi, Bellò ao (2019a).

Rhinusa algirica parasite, introduction

Rhinusa algirica (Brisout de Barneville, 1867) on Scrophularia host plants Scrophulariaceae, monophagous Scrophularia. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Baviera & Caldara (2020a).

Derelomus subcostatus parasite

Derelomus subcostatus Boheman, 1844 on Chamaerops host plants Arecaceae, monophagous Chamaerops humilis. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Baviera & Caldara (2020a).

Archarius troglodytes parasite

Archarius troglodytes (Jekel, 1861) on ? Quercus host plants Fagaceae, monophagous ? Quercus. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Baviera & Caldara (2020a).

Stereonychus phillyreae parasite

Stereonychus phillyreae (Chevrolat, 1859) on Fraxinus, Phillyrea parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Oleaceae, oligophagous Fraxinus; Phillyrea angustifolia. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Baviera & Caldara (2020a), Colonnelli, Osella & Cornacchia (2011a), Germann, Braunert, Colonnelli, ao (2020a).

Tetranychus evansi parasite

Tetranychus evansi Baker & Pritchard, 196 tomato red spider mite on Solanum, etc. parasite Mites free on the leaves. host plants Solanaceae, oligophagous Lycopersicon esculentum; Nicotiana; Solanum melongena, nigrum, tuberosum; Withania somnifera. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Anagnou–Veroniki. Papaioannou–Souliotis, Karanastasi & Giannopolitis (2008a), Ben-David, Ueckermann & Gerson (2013a), Marić, Marčić, Petanović & Auger (2018a).

Pseudobryobia longisetis parasite

Pseudobryobia longisetis (Reck, 1947) on herbs parasite Mites free on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Asyneuma argutum; Convolvulus; Cynara scolymus; Mentha; Phlomis; Salvia nemorosa, officinalis, prathensis, “sibthorpii”. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Mladenović, Stojnić, Vidović & Radulović (2013a.

Pseudobryobia parasite

Bryobia vasiljevi parasite

Bryobia vasiljevi Reck, 1953 polyphagous parasite Mittes free on the leaves. host plants broadly polyphagous,incliding Agrostis; Amaranthus; Asparagus; Campanula alliariifolia; Clianthus puniceus; Cousinia microcarpa; Festuca rubra; Fragaria; Lathyrus; Lolium perenne; Malus domestica, sylvestris; Medicago sativa; Melilotus; Parietaria; Passiflora mollissima; Prunus cerasus; Trifolium; Triticum aestivum; Urtica; Vicia sativa. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Mladenović, Stojnić, […]

Bryobia ulmophila parasite

Bryobia ulmophila Reck, 1947 on deciduous trees parasite Mites free on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Cornus mas; Fraxinus excelsior; Malus sylvestris; Prunus cerasus, domestica; Ulmus. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Mladenović, Stojnić, Vidović & Radulović (2013a).

Bryobia rubrioculus parasite

Bryobia rubrioculus (Scheuten, 1857) polyphagous parasite Mites free on the leaves. host plants polyphagous, mainly Rosaceae, including Corylus colurna; Malus domestica, pumila, sylvestris; Prunus avium, cerasifera, cerasus, domestica, serotina; Pyrus communis. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Mladenović, Stojnić, Vidović & Radulović (2013a), Vierbergen (1990a).

Bryobia lagodechiana parasite

Bryobia lagodechiana Reck, 1953 polyphagous parasite Mites free on the leaves. host plants broadly polyphagous, including Crataegus monogyna; Potentilla; Prunus cerasus; Rosa. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Mladenović, Stojnić, Vidović & Radulović (2013a).

Bryobia graminum parasite

Bryobia graminum (von Paula Schrank, 1781) polyphagous parasite Mites free on the leaves. host plants broadly polyphagous, including Allium cepa; Calicotome villosa; Daucus carota. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Ben-David, Ueckermann & Gerson (2013a), Mladenović, Stojnić, Vidović & Radulović (2013a).

Bryobia angustisetis parasite

Bryobia angustisetis Jakobashvili, 1958 on Corylus, Malus, Prunus parasite Mites free on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Corylus colurna; Malus domestica; Prunus cerasifera, cerasus. distribution within Europe Balkan. references Mladenović, Stojnić, Vidović & Radulović (2013a).

Tephritis ozaslani parasite

Tephritis ozaslani Kütük, Bayrak & Hayat 2012 on Inula parasite Larvae and puparia in the flower heads. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Inula oculus-christi. distribution within Europe Turkey. references Kütük, Bayrak & Hayat (2012a).

Tephritis erdemlii parasite

Tephritis erdemlii Kütük, 2008 on Cirsium parasite Larvae and puparia in the flower heads. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Cirsium vulgare. distribution within Europe Turkey. references Kütük (2008a), Mohamadzade Namin, Nozari & Najarpoor (2010a).

Platystoma rufipes parasite

Platystoma rufipes Meigen, 1826 on Crambe parasite A puparium has been found in the pupal chamber of the weevil Lixus canescens. This might indicate a biotic relationship, although the larvae of several other Platystoma species are known to feed on dead organic material. host plants Brassicaceae, monophagous Crambe maritima. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references […]

Platystoma parasite

Platystomatinae parasite

Platystomatidae parasite

Urophora kasachstanica parasite

Urophora kasachstanica (Richter, 1964) on Rhaponticum parasite Larvae and puparia in the capitula. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Rhaponticum repens. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Fazel, Fallahzadeh & Gheibi (2011a).

Terellia orheana parasite

Terellia orheana Korneyev, 1990 on Jurinea parasite Larvae and pupapria in the capitula. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Jurinea multiflora, stoechadifolia. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Korneyev, Evstigneev, Karimpour, ao (2013a).

Terellia odontolophi parasite

Terellia odontolophi Korneyev, 1993 on Psephellus parasite Larvae and puparia in the flower heads. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Psephellus trinervius. distribution within Europe Ukraine. references Korneyev, Evstigneev, Karimpour, ao (2013a).

Terellia freidbergi parasite

Terellia freidbergi Korneyev, Evstigneev, Karimpour, Kütük, Mohamadzade Namin, Ömür Koyuncu & Yaran, 2013 on Centaurea parasite Larvae in the capitula. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Centaurea behen. distribution within Europe Turkey. references Korneyev, Evstigneev, Karimpour, ao (2013a).

Chaetostomella steropea parasite

Chaetostomella steropea (Rondani, 1870) on Carlina parasite Larvae in the capitula. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Carlina gummifera. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). synonyms Orellia steropea. references Neuenschwander & Freidberg (1983a).

Katonaia hemileopsis parasite

Katonaia hemileopsis (Hering, 1947) on Ballota parasite Larvae in the inflorescence. host plants Lamiaceae, monophagous Ballota pseudodictamnus. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Neuenschwander & Freidberg (1983a).

Katonaia parasite

Myopites zernyi parasite

Myopites zernyi Hering, 1939 on Pulicaria parasite Larvae in the capitula. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Pulicaria dysenterica, odora. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Neuenschwander & Freidberg (1983a).

Terellia pseudovirens parasite

Terellia pseudovirens (Hering, 1940) on Klasea parasite Larvae in the capitula. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Klasea cerinthifolia, erucifolia, radiata. distribution within Europe Greece, Cyprus, Ukraine. references Zarghani, Khaghaninia, Mohamadzade Namin, ao (2016a).

Terellia askaleensis parasite

Terellia askaleensis Kütük, Bayrak & Hayat 2011 on Centaurea parasite Larvae in the flower heads. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Centaurea carduiformis. distribution within Europe Turkey. references Kütük, Bayrak & Hayat (2011a).

Orellia tragopogonis parasite

Orellia tragopogonis Korneyev & Dirlbeck, 2003 on Tragopogon parasite Larvae and puparia, in a cocoon, in the flower heads. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Tragopogon dubius. distribution within Europe Spain. references Korneyev (2003a).

Terellia cyanoides parasite

Terellia cyanoides Korneyev, 2003 on Jurinea parasite Larvae in the capitula; prior to pupation they descend into the peduncle; puparium in a cocoon out of plant material. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Jurinea. distribution within Europe Ukraine. puparium Yellow with black caudal segment and one simple sclerotized prong below posterior spiracles at middle. references Korneyev (2003a).

Procecidochares utilis parasite

Procecidochares utilis Stone, 1947 crofton weed gall, cotton weed gall fly, eupatorium gall fly on Ageratina Ageratina adenophora, New Zealand, Auckland, 8.iii.2018 © jacqui-nz parasite Conspicuous stem galls. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Ageratina adenophora. distribution within Europe Madeira. notes Central American species, introduced in Madeira for the biological control of its host plant, that is […]

Procecidochares parasite

Cecidocharini parasite

Urophora phaeocera parasite

Urophora phaeocera (Hering, 1961) on Cousinia parasite Larvae and puparia in the flower heads. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Cousinia libanotica. distribution within Europe Turkey. references Khaghaninia, Gharajedaghi & Mohamadzade Namin (2012), Mohamadzade Namin, Nozari & Najarpoor (2010a).

Urophora xanthippe parasite

Urophora xanthippe (Munro, 1934) on Rhaponticum parasite Larvae in the flower heads. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Rhaponticum repens. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Karimpour (2011a).

Urophora pauperata parasite

Urophora pauperata (Ziatzev, 1945) on Centaurea parasite Larvae in the flower heads. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Centaurea calcitrapa, iberica. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Karimpour (2011a), Mohamadzade Namin & Nozari (2011a).

Campiglossa difficilis parasite

Campiglossa difficilis (Hendel, 1927) on Taraxacum parasite Larvae in the capitula, initially within the achenes, later between them. Pupation partly in the capitula, partly in the soil. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Taraxacum officinale, sect. Scariosa. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). synonyms Paroxyna difficilis. references Dirlbeck & Dirlbeck (1994a), Greve (1999a), Merz & Kofler (2008a), Mohamadzade […]

Terellia lappae parasite

Terellia lappae (Cederhielm, 1798) on thistles parasite Larvae tunnel in the receptacle; there also the pupation. host plants Asteraceae, oligophagous Carduus acanthoides; Onopordum acanthium, bracteatum. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). synonyms Orellia lappae. references Dirlbeck & Dirlbeck (1994a), Neuenschwander & Freidberg (1983a).

Trupanea guimari parasite

Trupanea guimari (Becker, 1908) on Launaea parasite Larvae in the capitula. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Launaea lanifera. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). synonyms Urelliosoma guimari. references Merz (1992a).

Trupanea tubulata parasite

Trupanea tubulata Munro, 1964 on ? Dittrichia parasite Larvae in the capitula. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous ? Dittrichia viscosa. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Merz (1992a).

Campiglossa martii parasite

Campiglossa martii (Becker, 1908) on Launaea parasite Larvae in the capitula. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Launaea lanifera. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Merz (1992a).

Orotava cribrata parasite

Orotava cribrata (Bigot, 1892) on Pericallis parasite Larvae in the flower heads. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Pericallis steetzii. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Merz (1992a).

Orotava parasite

Campiglossa irrorata parasite

Campiglossa irrorata (Fallén, 1814) on ? Artemisia parasite Larvae probably live as norers in the root collar. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous ? Artemisia campestris. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Merz & Kofler (2008a).

Campiglossa reticulata parasite

Campiglossa reticulata (Becker, 1908) on Argyranthemum host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Argyranthemum frutescens. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Merz (1992a).

Campiglossa multimaculosa parasite

Campiglossa multimaculosa (Diribeck & Diribeck, 1969) on Argyranthemum parasite Larvae in the flower heads. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Argyranthemum callichrysum. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Merz (1992a).

Campiglossa duplex parasite

Campiglossa duplex (Becker, 1908) on Argyranthemum host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Argyranthemum frutescens. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Merz (1992a).

Myopites nigrescens parasite

Myopites nigrescens Becker, 1908 on Phagnalon, Schizogyne parasite Larvae in the flower heads. host plants Asteraceae, oligophagous Phagnalon rupestre; Schizogyne sericea. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Mierz (1992a).

Sphaeniscus filiolus parasite

Sphaeniscus filiolus (Loew, 1869) on Lavandula parasite Larvae in the inflorescence. host plants Lamiaceae, monophagous Lavandula multifida. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). synonyms Sphaeniscus filiola. references Mierz (1992a).

Sphaeniscus parasite

Heringina arezoana parasite

Heringina arezoana Mohamadzade Namin & Korneyev 2015 on ? Helichrysum host plants Asteraceae, monophagous ? Helichrysum arenarium. distribution within Europe Turkey. references Mohamadzade Namin & Korneyev (2015a).

Capitites ramulosa parasite

Capitites ramulosa (Loew, 1844) on Phagnalon host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Phagnalon rupestre. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). synonyms Acanthiophilus ramulosus. references Dirlbeck (1974a), Merz (1992a), Neuenschwander & Freidberg (1983a), Soltanizadeh, Saghaei & Ostovan (2015a).

Urophora phalolepidis parasite

Urophora phalolepidis Merz & White, 1991 on Centaurea parasite Larvae in the capitula. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Centaurea alba, iberica. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Kütük, Yaran, Torbali, ao (2019a).

Omias rotundatus parasite

Omias rotundatus (Fabricius, 1792) on Beta etc. parasite Larvae at the root collar; pupation in the soil. host plants Amaranthaceae, oligophagous Atriplex patula; Beta vulgaris; Chenopodium album. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Rheinheimer & Hassler (2010a).

Omias parasite

Omiini parasite

Goniurellia longicauda parasite

Goniurellia longicauda Freidberg, 1980 on Pallenis, etc. host plants Asteraceae, oligophagous Asteriscus graveolens; Pallenis spinosa; Pulicaria. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Fazel, Fallahzadeh & Gheibi (2011a), Merz (1992a), Mohamadzade Namin, Nozari & Rasoulian (2010a).

Goniurellia parasite

Orellia stictica parasite

Orellia stictica (Gmelin, 1790) on Tragopogon, etc. parasite Larvae in the flower heads. host plants Asteraceae, oligophagous Cirsium arvense; Onopordum tauricum; Scorzonera; Taraxacum; Tragopogon buphthalmoides, pratensis subsp. orientalis. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Karimpour (2011a), Kütük, Yaran, Torbali, ao (2019a), Mohamadzade Namin & Nozari (2011a), Mohamadzade Namin, Nozari & Rasoulian (2010a).

Chetostoma curvinerve parasite

Chetostoma curvinerve Rondani, 1856 on Lonicera parasite Larvae possibly inquilines in the galls of Hoplocampoides xylostei. host plants Caprifoliaceae, monophagous Lonicera xylosteum. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Mohamadzade Namin, Nozari & Rasoulian (2010a), Smit (2005a).

Chaetorellia succinea parasite

Chaetorellia succinea (Costa, 1844) false peacock fly on Centaurea parasite Larvae in the capitula. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Centaurea calcitrapa, hyalolepis, iberica, idaea, “lunulata”, pallescens, solstitialis. Also Cirsium arvense ? distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Balciunas Villegas (1999a, 2001a), Kütük, Yaran, Torbali, ao (2019a), White (1989a).

Chaetorellia carthami parasite

Chaetorellia carthami Stackelberg, 1929 on Carthamus parasite Larvae in the flower heads. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Carthamus tenuis, tinctorius. distribution within Europe Cyprus. references White (1989a).

Chaetorellia hestia parasite

Chaetorellia hestia Hering, 1937 on Centaurea parasite Larvae in the flower heads. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Centaurea aspera, collina, sphaerocephala. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references White (1989a).

Chaetorellia conjuncta parasite

Chaetorellia conjuncta (Becker, 1913) on Centaurea parasite Larvae in the flower heads. host plants Asteraceae, ? monophagous ? Carthamus tenuis; Centaurea calcitrapa, hyalolepis, iberica, pallescens, procurrens, solstitialis. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references El Harym & Belqat (2017a), Karimpour (2011a), Mohamadzade Namin, Nozari & Rasoulian (2010a), White (1989a).

Chaetorellia australis parasite

Chaetorellia australis Hering, 1940 peacock fly on Centaurea, Cyanus parasite Larvae in the capitula. host plants Asteraceae, narrowly oligophagous Cyanus depressus, segetum; Centaurea solstitialis. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Balciunas & Villegas (1999a), Mohamadzade Namin, Nozari & Rasoulian (2010a), White (1989a).

Tephritomyia lauta parasite

Tephritomyia lauta (Loew, 1969) on Echinops parasite Larvae in the capitula. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Echinops sphaerocephalus, spinosissimus. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). synonyms Acanthiophilus lautus. references Dirlbeck (1974a), Gharajedaghi, Khaghaninia & Mohamadzade Namin (2011a), Kütük, Yaran, Torbali, ao (2019a), Mohamadzade Namin & Nozari (2011a), Mohamadzade Namin, Nozari & Najarpoor (2010a), Neuenschwander & Freidberg (1983a), […]

Tephritomyia parasite

Euarestia bullans parasite

Euarestia bullans (Wiedemann, 1830) bathurst burr fly on Xanthium parasite Larvae in the capitula. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Xanthium spinosum. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). synonyms Camaromya bullans. references Gharajedaghi, Khaghaninia & Mohamadzade Namin (2011a), Khaghaninia & Gharajedaghi (2012a), Kütük, Yaran, Torbali, ao (2019a), Mohamadzade Namin & Nozari (2012a), Mohamadzade Namin, Nozari & Najarpoor (2010a), […]

Euarestia parasite

Euarestini parasite

Urophora doganlari parasite

Urophora doganlari Kütük, 2006 on Psephellus parasite Larvae in the capitula. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Psephellus bornmuelleri. distribution within Europe Turkey. references Kütük (2006b).

Terellia zerovae parasite

Terellia zerovae Korneyev, 1985 on Centaurea parasite Larvae in the capitula. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Centaurea argentea, aucheri, calcitrapa, diffusa, iberica, solstitialis, stoebe, virgata subsp. squarrosa. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Korneyev, Evstigneev, Karimpour, ao (2013a), Kütük & Yaran (2011a), Mohamadzade Namin & Nozari (2011a), Mohamadzade Namin, Nozari & Najarpoor (2010a).

Terellia uncinata parasite

Terellia uncinata White, 1989 on Centaurea parasite Larvae in the capitula. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Centaurea idaea, sicula, solstitialis. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Karimpour (2011a), Korneyev, Evstigneev, Karimpour, ao (2013a), Kütük & Yaran (2011a), Mohamadzade Namin & Nozari (2011a), Mohamadzade Namin, Nozari & Najarpoor (2010a).

Terellia sabroskyi parasite

Terellia sabroskyi Freidberg, 1982 on Ptilostemon parasite Larvae in the flower heads. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Ptilostemon gnaphaloides. distribution within Europe Crete, Turkey. references Kütük & Yaran (2011a), Neuenschwander & Freidberg (1983a).

Terellia quadratula parasite

Terellia quadratula (Loew, 1869) on Echinops parasite Larvae in the flower heads. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Echinops spinosissimus. distribution within Europe Turkey. references Khaghaninia, Gharajedaghi, Zarghani & Pour Abad (2012a), Kütük & Yaran (2011a), Kütük, Yaran, Torbali, ao (2019a), Mohamadzade Namin, Nozari & Rasoulian (2010a).

Terellia nigripalpis parasite

Terellia nigripalpis Hendel, 1927 on Centaurea, Cirsium parasite Larvae in the capitulla. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Centaurea; Cirsium vulgare. distribution within Europe Turkey. references Dirlbeck (1974a), Kütük & Yaran (2011a).

Terellia yukseli parasite

Terellia yukseli Kütük, 2009 on Centaurea parasite Larvae in the capitula. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Centaurea urvillei. distribution within Europe Turkey. references Kütük, Bayrak & Hayat (2011a), Kütük & Yaran (2011a).

Terellia gynaecochroma parasite

Terellia gynaecochroma (Hering, 1937) on ? Carduus, Onopordum parasite Larvae in the flower heads. host plants Asteraceae, ? oligophagous ? Carduus acanthoides; Cynara; Onopordum acanthium, heteracanthium, illyricum. distribution within Europe Croatia, Turkey. references Bjeliš (2007a), Karimpour (2011a), Khaghaninia & Gharajedaghi (2012a), Khaghaninia, Gharajedaghi, Zarghani & Pour Abad (2012a), Kütük, Bayrak & Hayat (2011a), Kütük & […]

Terellia luteola parasite

Terellia luteola (Wiedemann, 1830) on Carthamus parasite Larvae in the flower heads. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Carthamus dentatus, glaucus, lanatus, tenuis, tinctorius. A reference to Onopordum acanthiunby Kütük & Varol is not repeated by Kütük & Yaran. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Korneyev (2008a), Kütük & Varol (2006a), Kütük & Yaran (2011a), Merz & […]

Oxyaciura tibialis parasite

Oxyaciura tibialis (Robineau-desvoidy, 1830) on Lavandula, Rosmarinus host plants Lamiaceae, oligophagous Lavandula multifida; Rosmarinus officinalis. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Bjeliš (2007a), Dirlbeck (1974a), Merz (1992a), Merz & Blasco-Zumeta (1995a), Mohamadzade Namin, Nozari & Rasoulian (2010a), Smit (2006a).

Oxyaciura parasite

Tephritinae Incertae Sedis parasite

Zaceratini parasite

Trypetina parasite

Plioreoceptina parasite

Chetostomatina parasite

Trypetini parasite

Carpomyina parasite

Carpomyini parasite

Adramini parasite

Trypetinae parasite

Tephritini parasite

Xyphosiini parasite

Terelliini parasite

Tephrellina parasite

Oedaspidina parasite

Tephrellini parasite

Noeetini parasite

Myopitini parasite

Dithrycini parasite

Tephritinae parasite

Dacini parasite

Ceratitidini parasite

Dacinae parasite

Peliococcus martinezi parasite

Peliococcus martinezi Gavrilov & Matile-Ferrero, 2008 on Rosmarinus parasite Females 1.5 mm, on the stems. host plants Lamiaceae, monophagous Rosmarinus officinalis. distribution within Europe France. references Gavrilov & Matile-Ferrero (2008a).

Coccura comari parasite

Coccura comari (Künow, 1880) on Rubus, etc. Rubus caesius; ovisacs © Ph. Bruneau de Miré (from Gavrilov & Matile-Ferrero) parasite Adult female 4 mm, pink, at the base of the stems. Parthenogenetic, ovoviviparous, ant-attended. host plants Rosaceae, oligophagous Comarum palustre; Malus; Potentilla; Rosa; Rubus caesiusm fruticosus; Sanguisorba officinalis. phenology Univoltine; hibernation as 2nd instar larva. […]

Coccura parasite

Tenthredo propinqua parasite

Tenthredo propinqua Klug, 1817 on Gentiana larve (© E Altenhofer, from Liston ao) parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. Freshly moulted larvae are greenish yellow, but soon appear white by a cover of fine wax. host plants Gentianaceae, monophagous Gentiana asclepiadea. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). notes The arrows in the picture indicate […]

Mogulones sahini parasite

Mogulones sahini Gültekin & Colonnelli, 2006 on Symphytum host plants Boraginaceae, monophagous Symphytum officinale. distribution within Europe Turkey. references Gültekin & Colonnelli (2006a).

Scythris eversmanni parasite

Scythris eversmanni Nupponen & Nupponen, 2000 on Caragana host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Caragana frutex. references Nupponen (2005a).

Hypera libanotidis parasite

Hypera libanotidis (Reitter, 1896) on Seseli host plants Apiaceae, monophagous Seseli libanotis. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Benedikt, Borovec, Fremuth ao (2010a), Skuhrovec (2005a).

Psylliodes ausoniae parasite

Psylliodes ausoniae Leonardi, 2013 on Ostrya, Quercus host plants polyphagous Ostrya carpinifolia; Ostrya carpinifolia. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Baviera & Biondi (2015a), Leonardi (2013a).

Psylliodes libertii parasite

Psylliodes libertii Leonardi, 2013 on Ostrya, Quercus host plants polyphagous Ostrya carpinifolia; Ostrya carpinifolia. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Baviera & Biondi (2015a), Leonardi (2013a).

Psylliodes laevifrons parasite

Psylliodes laevifrons Kutschera, 1864 on ? Ostrya, ? Quercus host plants polyphagous ? Ostrya carpinifolia; ? Quercus ilex. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Leonardi (2013a).

Crioceris bicruciata parasite

Crioceris bicruciata Sahlberg, 1823 on Asparagus host plants Asparagaceae, monophagous Asparagus acutifolius, aethiopicus, officinalis. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Maican & Serafim (2016a).

Rhyacionia hafneri parasite

Rhyacionia hafneri (Rebel, 1937) on Pinus host plants Pinaceae, monophagous Pinus nigra. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Jaroš & Liška (2005a), Pastorális, Liška, Elsner, ao (2017a).

Coleophora dignella parasite

Coleophora dignella Toll, 1961 on Onobrychis, etc. parasite Case not known. host plants Fabaceae, oligophagous Onobrychis arenaria, viciifolia; Astragalus. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Baldizzone, Tokár, Kovács & Kovács (2004a), Pastorális, Liška, Elsner, ao (2017a).

Eotetranychus fraxini parasite

Eotetranychus fraxini (Reck, 1948) on Fraxinus parasite Mites free on the leaves. host plants Oleaceae, monophagous Fraxinus excelsior, ornus. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Marić, Marčić, Petanović & Auger (2018a), Migeon, Malagnini, Navajas & Duso (2007a).

Eotetranychus uncatus parasite

Eotetranychus uncatus Garman, 1952 on Malus, Prunus parasite Mites free on the leaves. host plants Rosaceae, oligophagous Malus domestica; Prunus cerasifera. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Guttierrez & Helle (1981a), Migeon, Malagnini, Navajas & Duso (2007a).

Eotetranychus rubiphilus parasite

Eotetranychus rubiphilus (Reck, 1948) on Rubus, etc. parasite Mites free on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Prunus spinosa; Rubus; Vitis vinifera. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Migeon, Malagnini, Navajas & Duso (2007a).

Eotetranychus aceri parasite

Eotetranychus aceri (Reck, 1948) on Acer, etc. parasite Mites free on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Acer campestre, monspessulanum, pseudoplatanus; Pyrus communis subsp. pyraster. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Marić, Marčić, Petanović & Auger (2018a), Migeon, Malagnini, Navajas & Duso (2007a).

Asproparthenis omeri parasite

Asproparthenis omeri Korotyaev, Gülteki̇n & Gülteki̇n, 2020 on Bassia parasite Adults free on the leaves. host plants Amaranthaceae, monophagous Bassia hirsuta. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Korotyaev, Gülteki̇n & Gülteki̇n (2020a).

Stomodes gyrosicollis parasite

Stomodes gyrosicollis Boheman, 1843 on Medicago, etc. parasite Larvae at the roots. host plants Fabaceae, oligophagous Medicago; Trifolium. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). notes Several more species of this genus have been sifted from litter or have been found under stones. references Rheinheimer & Hassler (2010a).

Stomodes parasite

Peritelini parasite

Sphenophorus abbreviatus parasite

Sphenophorus abbreviatus (Fabricius, 1787) on grasses host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Cynodon dactylon; Dactylis glomerata; Lolium perenne; Poa pratensis. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Benedikt, Borovec, Fremuth ao (2010a), Benedikt, Krátký & Schön (2016a).

Sphenophorus parumpunctatus parasite

Sphenophorus parumpunctatus Gyllenhal, 1839 on Scirpus host plants Cyperaceae, monophagous Scirpus. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Colonnelli, Osella & Cornacchia (2011a), Mifsud & Colonnelli (2010a).

Nefis brevirostris parasite

Nefis brevirostris (Hochhuth, 1851) on Cousinia, etc. parasite Larvae in the flower heads. host plants Asteraceae, oligophagous Cirsium baytopiae; Cousinia macroptera. distribution within Europe Turkey. synonyms Larinus brevirostris. references Gültekin (2013b).

Nefis ochroleucus parasite

Nefis ochroleucus (Capiomont, 1774) on Cousinia Cousinia macroptera, larva (from Gültekin) parasite A single larva develops in a flower head. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Cousinia macroptera, urumiensis. phenology distribution within Europe Turkije. synonyms Larinus ochroleucus. references Gültekin (2013b).

Nefis korotyaevi parasite

Nefis korotyaevi Gültekin 2013 on Pulicaria parasite Larvae in the flower heads. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Pulicaria dysenterica. distribution within Europe Turkey. references Gültekin (2013b).

Nefis parasite

Lixus ascanii parasite

Lixus ascanii (Linnaeus, 1767) on Capparis parasite Larvae in the stems. host plants Capparaceae, monophagous Capparis sicula subsp. herbacea. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Compte (1981a), Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Liparus dirus parasite

Liparus dirus (Herbst, 1795) on Peucedanum, etc. parasite Larvae in the roots. host plants Apiaceae, oligophagous Laserpitium latifolium; Peucedanum cervaria. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Stejskal & Krátký (2007a), Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Rhinusa littorea parasite

Rhinusa littorea (Brisout de Barneville, 1862) on Linaria host plants Plantaginaceae, monophagous Linaria supina, thymifolia. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Ceutorhynchus curtulus parasite

Ceutorhynchus curtulus Schultze, 1903 on Lepidium host plants Brassicaceae, monophagous Lepidium hirtum subsp. petrophilum. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Lasiorhynchites coeruleocephalus parasite

Lasiorhynchites coeruleocephalus (Schaller, 1783) on Pinus parasite Larvae bore in moribund shoots. host plants Pinaceae, monophagous Pinus sylvestris. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). synonyms Stenorhynchites coeruleocephalus. references Alonso Zarazaga (1983a), Compte (1981a), Cunev (2013a), Dieckmann (1974a), Rheinheimer & Hassler (2010a), Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Rhynchitina parasite

Deporaina parasite

Chonostropheina parasite

Rhynchitini parasite

Deporaini parasite

Byctiscini parasite

Auletini parasite

Rhynchitinae parasite

Dieckmanniellus chevrieri parasite

Dieckmanniellus chevrieri (Boheman, 1845) on Lythrum host plants Lythraceae, monophagous Lythrum salicaria. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Nazarenko (2015a), Wanat & Borowski (2013a), Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Cryptorhynchina parasite

Cryptorhynchini parasite

Cryptorhynchinae parasite

Nanophyini parasite

Corimalia fausti parasite

Corimalia fausti (Reitter, 1890) on Tamarix host plants Tamaricaceae, monophagous Tamarix. distribution within Europe Turkije, Ukraine. references Avgın & Colonnelli (2011a), Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Allomalia quadrivirgata parasite

Allomalia quadrivirgata (Costa, 1863) on Tamarix host plants Tamaricaceae, monophagous Tamarix africana, smyrnensis. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Forbicioni, Abbazzi, Bellò ao (2019a), Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Allomalia parasite

Stenopelmini parasite

Notaris maerkeli parasite

Notaris maerkeli (Boheman, 1843) on Scirpus host plants Cyperaceae, monophagous Scirpus sylvaticus. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Dieckmann (1986a), Nazarenko (2018a), Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Notaris aterrima parasite

Notaris aterrima (Hampe, 1850) on helophytes host plants polyphagous ? Calamagrostis; Carex brizoides; ? Dactylis glomerata. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). synonyms Notaris aterrimus. references Dieckmann (1986a), Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Notaris aethiops parasite

Notaris aethiops (Fabricius, 1793) on helophytes host plants polyphagous ? Carex acuta; Sparganium erectum; Typha. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). synonyms Erirhinus aethiops. references Anderson (1997a), Benedikt, Borovec, Fremuth ao (2010a), Dieckmann (1986a), Kofler (1990a, 2014a), Read (1981a), Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Lepidonotaris petax parasite

Lepidonotaris petax (Sahlberg, 1823) on Phragmites host plants Poaceae, monophagous Phragmites australis. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Benedikt, Krátký & Schön (2016a), Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Lepidonotaris parasite

Icaris sparganii parasite

Icaris sparganii (Gyllenhal, 1836) on helophytes host plants polyphagous Bolboschoenus maritimus; Eleocharis; Juncus; Phalaroides arundinacea; Phragmites australis; Sparganium. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Benedikt, Borovec, Fremuth ao (2010a), Dieckmann (1986a), Friedman (2018a), Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Icaris parasite

Aeonium glandulosum parasite

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite unknown unknown Curculionidae Hesperorrhynchus glutinosus

Herpes porcellus parasite

Herpes porcellus (Lacordaire, 1863) on Alkanna, etc. larva (from Szénási) parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. Pupation in a globilar, white, reticulate cocoon, attached to the host plant. host plants Boraginaceae, oligophagous Alkanna tinctoria. Rarely also Cynoglossum officinale; Echium vulgare. Beetles also on other Boraginaceae. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). synonyms Herpes sorbi […]

Herpes parasite

Lepyrus palustris parasite

Lepyrus palustris (Scopoli, 1763) on Salix parasite Larvae at the roots; pupation in the soil. host plants Salicaceae, monophagous Salix. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Balalaikins & Bukejs (2012b), Szalay-Marzsó (1963a), Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a) .

Lepyrus parasite

Lepyrini parasite

Liparus coronatus parasite

Liparus coronatus (Goeze, 1775) on Anthriscus, etc. parasite Larvae in the roots. host plants Apiaceae, oligophagous Anthriscus; Chaerophyllum; Daucus; Peucedanum. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Balalaikins & Bukejs (2012b), Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Liparus parasite

Molytina parasite

Hylobius pinastri parasite

Hylobius pinastri (Gyllenhal, 1813) on Picea, Pinus host plants Pinaceae, oligophagous Picea abies; Pinus sylvestris. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Balalaikins & Bukejs (2012b), Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Hylobius abietis parasite

Hylobius abietis (Linnaeus, 1758) large pine weevil on Picea, Pinus parasite Larvae in the main roots and stumps of dead or dying trees; the beetles feed on the tender bark of young branches. host plants of the beetles Pinaceae, oligophagous Picea abies; Pinus sylvestris. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Balalaikins & Bukejs (2012b), Leather, […]

Hylobius excavatus parasite

Hylobius excavatus (Laicharting, 1781) on Picea host plants Pinaceae, monophagous Picea abies. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Balalaikins & Bukejs (2012b), Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Lixus incanescens parasite

Lixus incanescens Boheman, 1835 on Atriplex, etc. parasite Larvae and pupae in the stems. host plants Amaranthaceae, oligophagous Atriplex calotheca, dimorphostegia, tatarica; Beta vulgaris; Chenopodium album, foliosum, urbicum, vulvaria; Halocharis hispida; Salsola kali, tragus; Suaeda. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Gültekin (2007a); Volovnik (2007a).

Larinus hedenborgi parasite

Larinus hedenborgi Boheman, 1845 on Echinops parasite Larvae in the flower heads. Pupation in a cocoon, that is attached to the stem. The wall if the cocoon, known as a trehala, contains large quantities of sugar and is collected and consumed by people. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Echinops. distribution within Europe Rhodes, Turkey. references Gültekin […]

Larinus capsulatus parasite

Larinus capsulatus Güeltekin, 2008 on Echinops parasite Larvae in the flower heads. Pupation in a cocoon, that is attached to the stem. The wall if the cocoon, known as a trehala, contains large quantities of sugar and is collected and consumed by people. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Echinops orientalis. distribution within Europe Turkey. larva, pupa […]

Magdalis fallax parasite

Magdalis fallax Kirsch, 1878 on Quercus host plants Fagaceae, monophagous Quercus. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Magdalis punctirostris parasite

Magdalis punctirostris (Gyllenhal, 1836) on Pinus host plants Pinaceae, monophagous Pinus. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Larinus adspersus parasite

Larinus adspersus Hochhuth, 1847 on Carduus host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Carduus. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Carduus.

Larinus ruber parasite

Larinus ruber Motschulsky, 1845 on Psephellus host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Psephellus sumensis. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Rhagoletis flavicincta parasite

Rhagoletis flavicincta Enderlein, 1934 on Lonicera parasite Larvae in the berries. host plants Caprifoliaceae, monophagous Lonicera caerulea, tatarica. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Korneyev, Mishustin & Korneyev (2017a), Mohamadzade Namin & Rasoulian (2009a), Stalažs & Balalaikins (2017a).

Rhagoletis zernyi parasite

Rhagoletis zernyi Hendel,1927 on Juniperus parasite Larvae in the “berries”. host plants Cupressaceae, monophagous Juniperus thurifera. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Korneyev, Mishustin & Korneyev (2017a), Merz & Blasco-Zumeta (1995a, 1999a), Stalažs & Balalaikins (2017a).

Rhagoletis flavigenualis parasite

Rhagoletis flavigenualis Hering, 1958 on Juniperus parasite Larvae in the “berries”. host plants Cupressaceae, monophagous Juniperus excelsa, foetidissima, sabina. distribution within Europe Turkey. references Korneyev, Mishustin & Korneyev (2017a), Mohamadzade Namin, Nozari & Rasoulian (2010a), Mohamadzade Namin & Rasoulian (2009a), Stalažs & Balalaikins (2017a).

Larinus canescens parasite

Larinus canescens Gyllenhal, 1835 on Centaurea parasite Larvae in the capitula. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Centaurea orientalis, ornata. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Cobo, Alonso-Zarazaga, Ribes, ao (2014a), Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Larinus sibiricus parasite

Larinus sibiricus Gyllenhal, 1835 on Xeranthemum parasite Larvae in the flower heads; there also the oviposition and the pupation. [: host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Xeranthemum annuum. phenology Univoltine. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Gültekin & Korotyaev (2005a), Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Larinus inaequalicollis parasite

Larinus inaequalicollis Capiomont, 1874 on Echinops host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Echinops orientalis. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Gültekin (2008a), Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Larinus idoneus parasite

Larinus idoneus Gyllenhal, 1835 on Centaurea, Jurinea host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Centaurea; Jurinea cyanoides. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). larva, pupa See Zotov references Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a), Zotov (2010a).

Lachnaeus crinitus parasite

Lachnaeus crinitus (Boheman, 1836) on Inula, Pulicaria host plants Asteraceae, narrowly oligophagous Inula britannica; Pulicaria dysenterica. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Dieckmann (1983a), Trnka, Krátký & Stejskal (2017a), Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Lachnaeus parasite

Eustenopus villosus parasite

Eustenopus villosus (Boheman, 1843) on Centaurea parasite Oviposition in the young capitula. Larvae in the capitula, feeding on the developing achenes. Pupation in the capitula. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Centaurea solstitialis. phenology Univoltine. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Connett, Wilson, Mccaffrey & Harmon (2001a), Fornasari & Sobhian (1993a), Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Eustenopus parasite

Rhabdorrhynchus vilhelmseni parasite

Rhabdorrhynchus vilhelmseni Gültekin, 2006 on Borago host plants Boraginaceae, monophagous Borago officinalis. references Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Rhabdorrhynchus karelini parasite

Rhabdorrhynchus karelini (Fåhraeus, 1842) on Onosma host plants Boraginaceae, monophagous Onosma tinctoria. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). synonyms Rhabdorrhynchus karelinii. references Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Leucophyes pedestris parasite

Leucophyes pedestris (Poda, 1761) on Lotus host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Lotus corniculatus. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). synonyms Leucosomus pedestris. references Dieckmann (1983a), Stejskal & Trnka (2013a), Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Leucophyes parasite

Rhagoletis berberidis parasite

Rhagoletis berberidis Jermy, 1981 on Berberis parasite The larvae develop in the berries. host plants Berberidaceae, monophagous Berberis vulgaris. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Korneyev, Mishustin & Korneyev (2017a), Mohamadzade Namin, Nozari & Rasoulian (2010a), Mohamadzade Namin & Rasoulian (2009a), Stalažs & Balalaikins (2017a).

Carpomya pardalina parasite

Carpomya pardalina Bigot, 1891 on Cucumis parasite Larvae bore in the fruits. host plants Cucurbitaceae, monophagous Cucumis melo. distribution within Europe Cyprus, Ukraine. synonyms Myiopardalis pardalina. references Dirlbeck (1974a), Fazel, Fallahzadeh & Gheibi (2011a), Korneyev, Mishustin & Korneyev (2017a), Mohamadzade Namin, Nozari & Rasoulian (2010a).

Carpomya liat parasite

Carpomya liat (Freidberg, 2016) on Bryonia parasite Larvae in the berries. host plants Cucurbitaceae, monophagous Bryonia cretica. distribution within Europe Turkey. references Korneyev, Mishustin & Korneyev (2017a) .

Carpomya vesuviana parasite

Carpomya vesuviana Costa, 1853 on Ziziphus parasite Larvae in the fruits. host plants Rhamnaceae, monophagous Ziziphus jujuba, lotus, spina-christi. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Dirlbeck (1974a), Fazel, Fallahzadeh & Gheibi (2011a), Korneyev, Mishustin & Korneyev (2017a), Mohamadzade Namin & Nozari (2011a), Mohamadzade Namin, Nozari & Rasoulian (2010a).

Carpomya incompleta parasite

Carpomya incompleta (Becker, 1903) on Ziziphus parasite Larvae in the fruits. host plants Rhamnaceae, monophagous Ziziphus jujuba, lotus, spina-christi. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Korneyev, Mishustin & Korneyev (2017a).

Dactylopius opuntiae parasite

Dactylopius opuntiae (Cockerell, 1896) false prickly pear cochineal on Opuntia parasite Larvae and adults free on the plants. host plants Cactaceae, monophagous Opuntia ficus-indica. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). notes Produces a dye of lesser quality than Dactylopius coccus, but is much more aggressive towards the host plant. references Ben-Dov Y & Sánchez-García (2015a), Ülgentürk […]

Eurhadinoceraea athalioides parasite

Eurhadinoceraea athalioides (Jakovlev, 1891) on Pulsatilla parasite Larvae free on the leaves. host plants Ranunculaceae, monophagous Pulsatilla vulgaris. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Çalmaşur (2019a), Liston (2008b).

Leucomigus candidatus parasite

Leucomigus candidatus (Pallas, 1771) on Artemisia host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Artemisia. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Cyphocleonus adumbratus parasite

Cyphocleonus adumbratus (Gebler, 1833) on Artemisia host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Artemisia abrotanum. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Conorhynchus nigrivittis parasite

Conorhynchus nigrivittis (Pallas, 1781) on ? Calluna host plants Ericaceae, monophagous ? Calluna vulgaris. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Conorhynchus brevirostris parasite

Conorhynchus brevirostris (Gyllenhal, 1834) on Salicornia, Suaeda host plants Amaranthaceae, oligophagous Salicornia; Suaeda. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Mifsud & Colonnelli (2010a).

Conorhynchus hololeucus parasite

Conorhynchus hololeucus (Pallas, 1781) on Chenopodium parasite Larvae in the root collar; pupaion in a ccoon, attached to the stem. host plants Amaranthaceae, monophagous Atriplex tatarica; Chenopodium. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). larva, pupa See Nikulina. synonyms Temnorhinus hololeucus. references Gültekin (2008a,b), Nikulina (2020a).

Conorhynchus mendicus parasite

Conorhynchus mendicus (Gyllenhal, 1834) sugar-beet weevil on Beta host plants Amaranthaceae, monophagous Beta vulgaris. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). synonyms Temnorhinus mendicus. references Colonnelli, Osella & Cornacchia (2011a), Mifsud & Colonnelli (2010a).

Conorhynchus parasite

Asproparthenis carinata parasite

Asproparthenis carinata (Zoubkoff, 1829) on Salsola, etc. host plants Amaranthaceae, oligophagous Atriplex tatarica; Halimione verrucifera; Salsola; Suaeda arcuata. phenology distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Hypera transsylvanica parasite

Hypera transsylvanica (Petri, 1901) on Vicia host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Vicia. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Benedikt, Borovec, Fremuth ao (2010a), Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Hypera denominanda parasite

Hypera denominanda (Capiomont, 1868) on Lathyrus, Vicia host plants Fabaceae, oligophagous Lathyrus pratensis; Vicia cracca, tenuifolia. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). larva See Skuhrovec (2005b) references Balalaikins (2012b), Cunev (2013a), Skuhrovec (2005a,b), Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Hypera rogenhoferi parasite

Hypera rogenhoferi (Ferrari, 1866) on Daucus host plants Apiaceae, monophagous Daucus carota. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Hypera fornicata parasite

Hypera fornicata (Penecke, 1928) on Trifolium host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Trifolium medium, pratense. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Benedikt, Borovec, Fremuth ao (2010a), Skuhrovec (2005a), Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Neoglanis elegans parasite

Neoglanis elegans (Boheman, 1842) on Achillea parasite Larvae free on the leaves. Pupation in a yellowish white reticulate cocoon, attached to the plant. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Achillea millefolium. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). larva Green, white dorsal length line; long white hairs. synonyms Donus elegans. references Benedikt, Borovec, Fremuth ao (2010a), Dieckmann (1989b), Yunakov, […]

Dynaspidiotus abieticola parasite

Dynaspidiotus abieticola (Koroneos, 1934) on Abies, etc. parasite Scales on the needles. host plants Pinaceae, oligophagous Abies cephalonica, concolor, nordmanniana subsp. equi-trojani, pinsapo; Picea pungens. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Akkuzu, Arslangündoğdu & Selmi (2006a), Stathas (2015a), Ülgentürk, Çanakçioğlu & Kaygin (2004a), Ülgentürk, Özdemir, Muştu, ao (2019a).

Neoglanis bucovinensis parasite

Neoglanis bucovinensis (Penecke, 1928) on Centaurea host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Centaurea scabiosa & subsp. apiculata + spinulosa, ? jacea. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). synonyms Donus bucovinensis. references Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a) .

Neoglanis parasite

Chlorophanus pollinosus parasite

Chlorophanus pollinosus (Fabricius, 1792) on Alnus, Salix host plants polyphagous Alnus; Salix. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Chlorophanus excisus parasite

Chlorophanus excisus (Fabricius, 1801) on Salix host plants Salicaceae, monophagous Salix. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Dieckmann (1983a), Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Chlorophanus parasite

Tanymecina parasite

Tanymecini parasite

Donus vidua parasite

Donus vidua (Gené, 1837) on Geranium parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves; there also the cocoon, in a yellowish white reticulate cocoon. host plants Geraniaceae, monophagous Geranium sanguineum. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). larva, pupa Olive green; yellowish white dorsal line; hairs long, white, on black pinacula; stigmata black. See Dieckmann, Skuhrovec (2006a). […]

Donus lunatus parasite

Donus lunatus (Wollaston, 1854) on Erodium, Geranium parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Geraniaceae, oligophagous Erodium; Geranium. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). larva, pupa See Skuhrovec. synonyms Brachypera, Hypera, lunata. references Mifsud & Colonnelli (2010a), Skuhrovec (2006a).

Donus dauci parasite

Donus dauci (Olivier, 1807) on Erodium, Geranium parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. There also the pupa in a smooth, yellow cocoon. host plants Geraniaceae, oligophagous Erodium cicutarium, moschatum; Geranium pusillum. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). larva, pupa Green, broad white, darkly seamed dorsal band; nairs long, white, on dark pinacula; stigmata black. […]

Donus parasite

Attactagenus dispar parasite

Attactagenus dispar (Graells, 1858) on herbs host plants polyphagous; often on: Cytisus balansae; Genista cinerascens. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Sanz Benito, García-Ocejo Izquierdo & de los Mozos Pascua (1996a), Velázquez de Castro, Alonso Zarazaga & Outerelo (1990a).

Attactagenus albinus parasite

Attactagenus albinus (Boheman, 1833) on herbs host plants polyphagous, often on Cytisus; Genista tinctoria. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Attactagenus parasite

Strophomorphus porcellus parasite

Strophomorphus porcellus (Schoenherr, 1832) on herbs host plants polyphagous; often on Achillea; Anthemis; Artemisia; Centaurea. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Mifsud & Colonnelli (2010a); Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Pelletierius albosignatus parasite

Pelletierius albosignatus (Boheman, 1839) on herbs host plants polyphagous; often on Genista tinctoria. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). synonyms Strophosoma albosignatum. references Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Pelletierius parasite

Graptus carpathicus parasite

Graptus carpathicus (Reitter, 1901) on herbs host plants polyphagous, preference for Symphytum cordatum. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Graptus parasite

Alophini parasite

Gronops lunatus parasite

Gronops lunatus (Fabricius, 1775) on Spergula, etc. host plants Caryophyllaceae, oligophagous Herniaria; Scleranthus; Spergula morisonii; Spergularia rubra. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Bosmans (2012a), Compte (1981a), Forbicioni, Abbazzi, Bellò ao (2019a), Rheinheimer & Hassler (2010a), Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Gronops parasite

Asporogronops inaequalis parasite

Asporogronops inaequalis (Boheman, 1842) on Chenopodium parasite Larvae at the roots. host plants Amaranthaceae, monophagous Chenopodium album. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). synonyms Gronops inaequalis. references Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a) .

Asporogronops parasite

Tychius pauperculus parasite

Tychius pauperculus Tournier, 1873 on Lotus host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Lotus ornithopodioides. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Mifsud & Colonnelli (2010a).

Tychius uralensis parasite

Tychius uralensis Pic, 1902 on Caragana host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Caragana frutex. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Tetranychus lintearius parasite

Tetranychus lintearius Dufour, 1832 gorse spider mite on Ulex Ulex europaeus © Eric Coombs, Oregon Department of Agriculture, Bugwood.org parasite Mites in n extensive dense web. host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Ulex europaeus. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Heijerman & Dorst (2015a).

Cuscuta palaestina parasite

Cuscuta palaestina Boiss. on Sarcopoterium parasite Dodder. host plants Rosaceae, monophagous Sarcopoterium spinosum. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Haran, Schütte & Friedman (2017a).

Cuscuta parasite

references Kaiser, Vogg, Fürst & Albert (2015a), Pal Sharma & Kapoor (2014a).

Smicronyx albosquamosus parasite

Smicronyx albosquamosus (Wollaston, 1854) on Cuscuta host plants Convolvulaceae, monophagous Cuscuta. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Haran, Schütte & Friedman (2017a), Mifsud & Colonnelli (2010a).

Smicronyx syriacus parasite

Smicronyx syriacus Faust, 1887 on Cuscuts host plants Convolvulaceae, monophagous Cuscuta palaestina. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Benedikt, Krátký & Schön (2016a), Colonnelli (2016a), Haran, Schütte & Friedman (2017a), Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Smicronyx pauperculus parasite

Smicronyx pauperculus Wollaston, 1864 on Cuscuta host plants Convolvulaceae, monophagous Cuscuta campestris. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Haran, Schütte & Friedman (2017a).

Smicronyx fulvipes parasite

Smicronyx fulvipes Reiche & Saulcy, 1858 on ? host plants ? Orobanche; ? Veronica beccabunga. distribution within Europe Greece. references Haran, Schütte & Friedman (2017a).

Tychius ochraceus parasite

Tychius ochraceus Tournier, 1874 on Trifolium host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Trifolium hybridum. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Tychius lautus parasite

Tychius lautus Gyllenhal, 1836 on Medicago host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Medicago minima. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Tychius bicolor parasite

Tychius bicolor Brisout de Barneville, 1862 on Melilotus host plants Fabaceaae, monophagous Melilotus albus, “leiosperma”, officinalis, segetalis. References to Astragalus monspessulanus are unlikely. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Benedikt, Borovec, Fremuth ao (2010a), Forbicioni, Abbazzi, Bellò ao (2019a), Friedman (2018a), Mifsud & Colonnelli (2010a), Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Tychius beckeri parasite

Tychius beckeri Tournier, 1873 on Medicago host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Medicago falcata, ? minima. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Tychius astragali parasite

Tychius astragali Becker, 1862 on Astragalus host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Astragalus albicaulis, arbuscula, asper, austriacus, macropus, onobrychis, subuliformis. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Benedikt, Borovec, Fremuth ao (2010a), Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Phytophthora austrocedri parasite

Phytophthora austrocedri Greslebin & Hansen, 2007 on Juniperus, etc. parasite The disease kills the phloem, that turns brown. The disease extends from the root up; ultimately the entire tree is killed. host plants Cupressaceae, oligophagous Chamaecyparis lawsoniana; Cupressus x leylandii, nootkatensis, sempervirens; Juniperus communis. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). synonyms Phytophthora austrocedrae. notes The disease […]

Ramularia cynarae parasite

Ramularia cynarae Saccardo, 1879 on thistles Cirsium arvense, Belgium, prov. Antwerp, Geel, Mosselgoren, 22.ix.2020 © Carina Van Steenwinkel leaf spots detail of a leaf spot large variation in shapes and sizes of the conidia conidia in chains parasite Conidia catenate, 2-5 x 10-35 µm, 0-3-septate. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Carduus acanthoides, candicans, crispus, defloratus, nutans, […]

Tychius albilaterus parasite

Tychius albilaterus Stierlin, 1864 on Cytisus host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Cytisus. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Tychius affinis parasite

Tychius affinis Becker, 1864 on Astragalus host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Astragalus varius. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a) .

Sibinia gallica parasite

Sibinia gallica Pic, 1902 on ? Osyris host plants Santalaceae, monophagous ? Osyris alba. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Velázquez de Castro, Blasco-Zumeta, Colonnelli, ao (2000a).

Sibinia staticis parasite

Sibinia staticis (Becker, 1864) on Limonium host plants Plumbaginaceae, monophagous Limonium tomentellum. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Sibinia meridionalis parasite

Sibinia meridionalis Brisout de Barneville, 1867 on Limonium host plants Plumbaginaceae, monophagous Limonium. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Philernus ponticus parasite

Philernus ponticus Korotyaev 1979 on Halocnemum host plants Amaranthaceae, monophagous Halocnemum strobilaceum. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a) .

Philernus farinosus parasite

Philernus farinosus (Gyllenhal, 1835) on Petrosimonia host plants Amaranthaceae, monophagous Petrosimonia oppositifolia. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a) .

Philernus parasite

Smicronyx cyaneus parasite

Smicronyx cyaneus (Gyllenhal, 1836) on Orobanche host plants Orobanchaceae, monophagous Orobanche. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Colonnelli, Osella & Cornacchia (2011a), Mifsud & Colonnelli (2010a).

Cionus griseus parasite

Cionus griseus Lindberg,1958 on Scrophularia host plants Scrophulariaceae, monophagous Scrophularia glabrata. distribution within Europe Canary Islands. references Košťál & Caldara (2019a).

Cionus variegatus parasite

Cionus variegatus (Brullé, 1839) on Scrophularia host plants Scrophulariaceae, monophagous Scrophularia smithii subsp. langeana. distribution within Europe Canary Islands. references Košťál & Caldara (2019a).

Cionus pulverosus parasite

Cionus pulverosus Guérin-Méneville, 1844 on Verbascum host plants Scrophulariaceae, monophagous Verbascum. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Košťál & Caldara (2019a) .

Cionus distinctus parasite

Cionus distinctus Desbrochers des Loges, 1869 on Scrophularia host plants Scrophulariaceae, monophagous Scrophularia ramosissima, umbrosa. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Košťál & Caldara (2019a).

Cionus schoenherri parasite

Cionus schoenherri Brisout de Barneville, 1863 on Scrophularia host plants Scrophulariaceae, monophagous Scrophularia canina, lucida, nodosa. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Košťál & Caldara (2019a).

Evergestis extimalis parasite

Evergestis extimalis (Scopoli, 1763) marbled yellow pearl on Brassicaceae Diplotaxis tenuifolia, Belgium, prov. Antwerp, Mol, 19.ix.2020 © Carina Van Steenwinkel; det Tymo Muus: occupied inflorescence detail with larva parasite Larvae, often a few together, in a dense web in the inflorescence, feeding at the flower buds and fruits. host plants Brassicaceae, oligophagous Arabis; Berteroa incana; […]

Rhinusa rara parasite

Rhinusa rara Toševski & Caldara, 2015 on Linaria host plants Plantaginaceae, monophagous Linaria genistifolia & subsp. dalmatica. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Miarus solarii parasite

Miarus solarii Smreczyński, 1957 on Campanula host plants Campanulaceae, monophagous Campanula. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Caldara (2007a), Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Miarus monticola parasite

Miarus monticola Petri, 1912 on Campanula host plants Campanulaceae, monophagous Campanula patula, rotundifolia. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Behne (1987a), Caldara (2007a), Knutelski & Surowiak (2011a), Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Mecinus marina parasite

Mecinus marina (Korotyaev, 1924) on Plantago host plants Plantaginaceae, monophagous Plantago tenuiflora. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Cleopomiarus persimilis parasite

Cleopomiarus persimilis (Smreczyński, 1973) on Campanula host plants Campanulaceae, monophagous Campanula. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Caldara & Legalov (2016a), Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Cionus montanus parasite

Cionus montanus Wingelmüller, 1914 on Verbascum host plants Scrophulariaceae, monophagous Verbascum densiflorum, lychnitis, thapsus. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Košťál & Caldara (2019a).

Cionus colonnellii parasite

Cionus colonnellii Košťál & Caldara, 2019 on Verbascum host plants Scrophulariaceae, monophagous Verbascum. distribution within Europe Italy. references Košťál & Caldara (2019a).

Cionus winkelmanni parasite

Cionus winkelmanni Košťál & Caldara, 2019 on Scrophularia host plants Scrophulariaceae, monophagous Scrophularia. distribution within Europe Turkey. references Košťál & Caldara (2019a).

Cionus ungulatus parasite

Cionus ungulatus Germar, 1821 on Scrophularia host plants Scrophulariaceae, monophagous Scrophularia canina. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Košťál & Caldara (2019a).

Cionus wanati parasite

Cionus wanati Białooki, 2006 on Verbascum host plants Scrophulariaceae, monophagous Verbascum. distribution within Europe Turkey. references Košťál & Caldara (2019a).

Cionus donckieri parasite

Cionus donckieri Pic, 1898 on Verbascum host plants Scrophulariaceae, monophagous Verbascum. distribution within Europe Turkey. references Košťál & Caldara (2019a).

Cionus hypsibatus parasite

Cionus hypsibatus Wingelmüller, 1914 on Verbascum host plants Scrophulariaceae, monophagous Verbascum. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Košťál & Caldara (2019a).

Cionus subalpinus parasite

Cionus subalpinus Reitter, 1904 on Scrophularia host plants Scrophulariaceae, monophagous Scrophularia canina subsp. hoppii. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Košťál & Caldara (2019a).

Cionus canariensis parasite

Cionus canariensis Uyttenboogaart, 1937 on Scrophularia host plants Scrophulariaceae, monophagous Scrophularia calliantha. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Košťál & Caldara (2019a).

Cionus caucasicus parasite

Cionus caucasicus Reitter, 1888 on Scrophularia host plants Scrophulariaceae, monophagous Scrophularia scopolii. distribution within Europe Turkey. references Košťál & Caldara (2019a).

Rhinusa comosa parasite

Rhinusa comosa (Rosenschoeld, 1838) on Verbascum host plants Scrophulariaceae, monophagous Verbascum macrurum, pulverulentum, thpasus. distribution within Europe Italy, Croatia, Montenegro, Macedonia, Greece, Bulgaria, Turkey. references Baviera & Caldara (2020a), Caldara, Casalini & Baviera (2012a).

Rhinusa moroderi parasite

Rhinusa moroderi (Reitter, 1906) on Verbascum host plants Scrophulariaceae, monophagous Verbascum sinuatum. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Baviera & Caldara (2020a), Caldara, Casalini & Baviera (2012a), Forbicioni, Abbazzi, Bellò ao (2019a), Mifsud & Colonnelli (2010a).

Rhinusa verbasci parasite

Rhinusa verbasci (Rosenschoeld, 1838) on Verbascum host plants Scrophulariaceae, monophagous Verbascum blattaria, formosum, macrurum, thapsus. distribution within Europe Southern Spain, Sicily, Greece, Turkey. references Baviera & Caldara (2020a), Caldara, Casalini & Baviera (2012a).

Cionus balianii parasite

Cionus balianii Solari, 1932 on Scrophularia host plants Scrophulariaceae, monophagous Scrophularia canina. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Benedikt, Borovec, Fremuth ao (2010a), Casalini & Colonnelli (2014a), Košťál & Caldara (2019a).

Ceratapion dalmatinum parasite

Ceratapion dalmatinum (Győrffy, 1923) on Centaurea host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Centaurea jacea subsp. gaudinii. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Casalini & Colonnelli (2014a).

Curculio reichei parasite

Curculio reichei (Desbrochers des Loges, 1868) on Quercus parasite Larvae ore in the acorns. host plants Fagaceae, monophagous Quercus ilex, petraea. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Cleopus solani parasite

Cleopus solani (Fabricius, 1792) on Verbascum parasite Larvae and adults free on the leaves. host plants Scrophulariaceae, monophagous Verbascum phlomoides, pulverulentum, thapsiforme, thapsus. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Delbol (2013a), Dieckmann (1962a), Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Cionus pulverulosus parasite

Cionus pulverulosus Gyllenhal, 1839 on Verbascum host plants Scrophulariaceae, monophagous Verbascum. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Procas granulicollis parasite

Procas granulicollis Walton, 1848 climbing corydalis weevil parasite The biology of the few Procas species is unknown. Only in P. granulicollis it has been observed that the weevils, straddling a leaf, were eating Ceratocapnos claviculata; in captivity they also accepted Pseudofumaria lutea. However, it is considered impossible that these plants could be the larval host […]

Procas parasite

Erirhinini parasite

Erirhininae parasite

Erirhinidae parasite

Auletobius gaditanus parasite

Auletobius gaditanus Verdugo, Stüben, Torres & Coello, 2020 on Pistacia host plants Anacardiaceae, monophagous Pistacia lentiscus. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Verdugo, Stüben , Torres & Coello (2020a).

Hesperorrhynchus palmensis parasite

Hesperorrhynchus palmensis Krátký, 2016 on Aichryson host plants Crassulaceae, monophagous Aichryson bollei, palmensis. distribution within Europe Canary Islands. references Stüben & Krátký (2016a).

Magdalis caucasica parasite

Magdalis caucasica (Tournier, 1872) on Ulmus parasite Larvae bore in an apparently healthy branch; there also the pupation. host plants Ulmaceae, monophagous Ulmus glabra, minor. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Mazur, Olbrycht & Szewkienicz (2014a), Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Bradybatus tomentosus parasite

Bradybatus tomentosus Desbrochers des Loges, 1892 on Acer host plants Sapindaceae, monophagous Acer platanoides. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Dieckmann (1988a), Szénási (2014a), Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Acentrus histrio parasite

Acentrus histrio (Schoenherr, 1837) on Glaucium parasite Larvae bore in the root collar and base of the stem, without causing galling. host plants Papaveraceae, monophagous Glaucium corniculatum, flavum. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Baviera & Caldara (2020a), Forbicioni, Abbazzi, Bellò ao (2019a), Košťál (2014b), Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a.

Acentrus parasite

Acentrini parasite

Scleropterus offensus parasite

Scleropterus offensus Boheman, 1837 on Alchemilla, Geum host plants Rosaceae, oligophagous Alchemilla; Geum rivale. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Benedikt, Borovec, Fremuth ao (2010a), Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Homorosoma validirostre parasite

Homorosoma validirostre (Gyllenhal, 1837) on Polygonum host plants Polygonaceae, monophagous Polygonum. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Homorosoma parasite

Rhinoncus leucostigma parasite

Rhinoncus leucostigma (Marsham, 1802) on Rumex parasite Larvae tunnel in the root collar. host plants Polygonaceae, monophagous Rumex. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). notes In the past confused with Rhinoncus pericarpius (cf Huang & Colonnelli). references Forbicioni, Abbazzi, Bellò ao (2019a), Huang & Colonnelli (2014a), Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Cleopus pulchellus parasite

Cleopus pulchellus (Herbst, 1795) on Scrophularia, Verbascum parasite Oviposition in a cavity in a leaf. The larvae live freely at the undersides of the leaves, earing holes. Pupation in cocoon in the soil. host plants Scrophulariaceae, oligophagous Scrophularia canina, nodosa; Verbascum thapsus. phenology Univoltine; hibernation as imago. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Delbol (2013a), […]

Cleopus parasite

Sirocalodes nigroterminatus parasite

Sirocalodes nigroterminatus (Wollaston, 1854) on Fumaria host plants Papaveraceae, monophagous Fumaria. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Stüben (2017a).

Hesperorrhynchus lineatotessellatus parasite

Hesperorrhynchus lineatotessellatus (Wollaston, 1854) on Aichryson host plants Crassulaceae, monophagous Aichryson divaricatum. distribution within Europe Madeira. references Stüben (2017a), Stüben & Krátký (2016a).

Hesperorrhynchus glutinosus parasite

Hesperorrhynchus glutinosus Stüben, 2016 on Aeonium host plants Crassulaceae, monophagous Aeonium glandulosum, glutinosum. distribution within Europe Madeira. references Stüben (2017a), Stüben & Krátký (2016a).

Cosmopolites sordidus parasite

Cosmopolites sordidus (Germar, 1824) banana weevil, banana root borer on Musa parasite Larvae bore in the corms and roots. host plants Musaceae, monophagous Musa acuminata. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Gold, Pena & Karamura (2001a), Stüben (2017a).

Cosmopolites parasite

Sphenophorini parasite

Kalcapion sagittiferum parasite

Kalcapion sagittiferum (Wollaston, 1854) on Mercurialis parasite Larvae bore in the stems; there also the pupation. host plants Euphorbiaceae, monophagous Mercurialis. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). synonyms Kalcapion semivittatum sagittiferum. references Stüben (2017a).

Exapion uliciperda parasite

Exapion uliciperda (Pandellé, 1867) on Ulex parasite Larvae and pupae in the pods. host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Ulex europaeus, minor. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Ehret (1990a), Stüben (2017a).

Auletobius maderensis parasite

Auletobius maderensis (Wollaston, 1854) on ? Morella host plants Myricaceae, ? monophagous Legalov mentions Morella faya, but Stüben lists a number of different candidates. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Legalov (2001a), Morris (2004a), Stüben (2017a).

Trichosirocalus centrimacula parasite

Trichosirocalus centrimacula (Scultze, 1899) on ? Leucanthemum, Plagius host plants Asteraceae, oligophagous ? Leucanthemum pallens, vulgare; Plagius flosculosus. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Casalini & Colonnelli (2014a), Mifsud & Colonnelli (2010a).

Trichosirocalus dawsoni parasite

Trichosirocalus dawsoni (Brisout de Barneville, 1869) on Plantago host plants Plantaginaceae, monophagous Plantago. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Delbol (2013a).

Trichosirocalus histrix parasite

Trichosirocalus histrix (Perris, 1852) on Cladanthus host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Cladanthus mixtus. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Benedikt, Borovec, Fremuth ao (2010a).

Thamiocolus nubeculosus parasite

Thamiocolus nubeculosus (Gyllenhal, 1837) on Marrubium, Phlomis host plants Lamiaceae, oligophagous Marrubium peregrinum; Phlomis tuberosa. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Thamiocolus longicornis parasite

Thamiocolus longicornis Dieckmann, 1973 on Lamium, Stachys host plants Lamiaceae, oligophagous Lamium album; Stachys sylvatica. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Stachys sylvatica.

Prisistus kuntzei parasite

Prisistus kuntzei (Smreczyński, 1957) on Gagea host plants Liliaceae, monophagous Gagea pusilla. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Prisistus parasite

Platypteronyx auritus parasite

Platypteronyx auritus Kirsch,1879 on Ephedra host plants Ephedraceae, monophagous Ephedra distachya. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Colonelli (2005a), Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Phrydiuchus spilmani parasite

Phrydiuchus spilmani Warner, 1969 on Salvia host plants Lamiaceae, monophagous Salvia aethiopis, verbenaca. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Dieckmann (1972a), Forbicioni, Abbazzi, Bellò ao (2019a).

Phrydiuchus speiseri parasite

Phrydiuchus speiseri (Schultze, 1897) on Salvia host plants Lamiaceae, monophagous Salvia x sylvestris. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Schillhammer (1993a).

Phrydiuchus tau parasite

Phrydiuchus tau Warner, 1969 on Salvia host plants Lamiaceae, monophagous Salvia aethiopis, austriaca, verticillata. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Benedikt, Borovec, Fremuth ao (2010a), Dieckmann (1972a), Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a) .

Phrydiuchus augusti parasite

Phrydiuchus augusti Colonnelli, 2003 on Salvia host plants Lamiaceae, monophagous Salvia nemorosa. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Stejskal (2004b), Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Paroxyonyx maltsevi parasite

Paroxyonyx maltsevi Korotyaev, 1997 on Ephedra host plants Ephedraceae, monophagous Ephedra distachya. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Colonnelli (2005a), Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Oprohinus jakovlevi parasite

Oprohinus jakovlevi (Schultze, 1902) on Allium host plants Amaryllidaceae, monophagous Allium lineare, nutansm oleraceum, schoenoprasum. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Mogulonoides radula parasite

Mogulonoides radula (Germar, 1824) on Anchusa host plants Boraginaceae, monophagous Anchusa officinalis. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Cunev (2013a), Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Mogulonoides parasite

Mogulones sainteclairei parasite

Mogulones sainteclairei (Wagner, 1927) on Borago host plants Boraginaceae, monophagous Borago pygmaea. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). synonyms Ceutorhynchus sainteclairei. references Compte (1981).

Melanobaris quadraticollis parasite

Melanobaris quadraticollis (Boheman, 1836) on Brassica, etc. parasite Larvae tunnel in the stems. host plants Brassicaceae, oligophagous Brassica napus, nigra; Hirschfeldia incana; Sinapis arvensis. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). synonyms Baris quadraticollis. references Compte (1981a), Lessieur, Dauphin, Labatut & Lacombe (2017a).

Tychius cinnamomeus parasite

Tychius cinnamomeus Kiesenwetter, 1851 on Dorycnium parasite Larvae in the pods. host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Dorycnium hirsutum, pentaphyllum, rectum. distribution within Europe (PESI, 2020). references Benedikt, Borovec, Fremuth ao (2010a), Compte (1981a).