Category Archives: [:en]parasite[:nl]parasiet[:]

Thrips atratus

Thrips atratus Haliday, 1836

on Caryophyllaceae, etc.

parasite

Thrips mainly in the flowers.

host plants

mainly Caryophyllaceae

Dactylis glomerata; Dianthus; Gypsophila fastigiata; Knautia arvensis; Lavandula latifolia; Pelargonium; Plantago; Silene latifolia; Solanum tuberosum; Spergula arvensis; Stachys annua; Stellaria alsine, graminea, holostea, media.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

synonyms

Taeniothrips atratus.

references

Buhr (1964b, 1965a), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Kucharczyk & Kucharczyk (2009a), Mound, Morison, Pitkin & Palmer (1976a), Raspudić, Ivezić, Brmež & Trdan (2009a), Roskam (2009a, 2019a), Ulitzka (2013a).

Thrips nigropilosus

Thrips nigropilosus Uzel, 1895

chrysanthemum thrips

on Asteraceae, etc.

parasite

Thrips in the flowers and inflorescences, to a lesses degree also among the leaves.

host plants

polyphagous, but primarily Asteraceae

Acer campestre; Achillea millefolium; Avena sativa; Chrysanthemum; Lactuca; Linum usitatissimum; Medicago sativa; Plantago lanceolata, maritima; Senecio; Sonchus arvensis; Sorghum halepense; Tanacetum; Taraxacum officinale.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

references

Buhr (1964a), Karadjova & Krumov (2015a), Mound, Morison, Pitkin & Palmer (1976a), Raspudić, Ivezić, Brmež & Trdan (2009a) , Roskam (2009a, 2019a).

Kakothrips robustus

Kakothrips robustus (Uzel, 1895)

pea thrips

on Fabaceae

parasite

The thrips live hidden in the flowers; the damage the developing ovary. This gives the later pads a scabious appearance.

host plants

Fabaceae, oligophagous

Lathyrus sativus, tuberosus; Lotus corniculatus; Medicago sativa; Onobrychis viciifolia; Phaseolus vulgaris; Pisum sativum; Securigera varia; Trifolium pratense, repens; Vicia cracca, faba, sativa.

phenology

One or more generations; hibernation as larva.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

synonyms

Kakothrips pisivorus (westwood, 1880).

references

Buhr (1965a), Karadjova & Krumov (2015a), Mound, Morison, Pitkin & Palmer (1976a), Raspudić, Ivezić, Brmež & Trdan (2009a), Roskam (2019a), Williams (1915a).

Iridothrips iridis

Iridothrips iridis (Watson, 1924)

on Iris

parasite

The thrips live in the submerges leaf sheaths that are filled with a mucous substance. Here also the hibernation takes place, as apterous females.

host plants

Iridaceae, monophagous

Iris pseudacorus.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

synonyms

Frankliniella iridis.

references

Jenser (2013a), Karadjova & Krumov (2015a), Mound, Morison, Pitkin & Palmer (1976a).

Odontothrips loti

Odontothrips loti (Haliday, 1852)

lupin flower thrips, birdsfoot trefoil thrips

on Fabaceae

parasite

Like all species of the genus Odontothrips this one lives concealed in the flowers of Fabaceae, damaging the ovaries.

host plants

Fabaceae, oligophagous

Anthyllis; Dorycnium pentaphyllum subsp. herbaceum; Hippocrepis emerus; Lathyrus pratensis; Lotus corniculatus; Lupinus; Medicago sativa; Ononis; Securigera varia; Trifolium.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

references

Buhr (1964b), Karadjova & Krumov (2015a), Lambinon Schneider & Feitz (2012a), Mound, Morison, Pitkin & Palmer (1976a), Raspudić, Ivezić, Brmež & Trdan (2009a), Roskam (2019a), Tomasi (2012a, 2014a), Ulitzka (2013a), Vîrteiu, Grozea, Ștef ao (2016a).

Diaspidiotus bavaricus

Diaspidiotus bavaricus (Lindinger, 1912)

blueberry armoured scale

on Ericaceae

parasite

Female scales on the lower, partly underground branches; they are dark grey, convex, ± 2 mm, with light brown central exuvia; mostly they are largely overgrown by fungi and algae, and hardly recognisable.

host plants

Ericaceae, oligophagous

Arbutus unedo; Calluna vulgaris; Empetrum nigrum; Erica arborea, ciliaris, cinerea, tetralix,umbellata.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

references

Gomez-Menor Ortega (1957a), Gertsson (2011a), Jansen (1999b, 2013a), Kozár, Guignard, Bachmann ao (1994a), Malumphy (2010a), Malumphy, Ostrauskas & Pye (2010a), Masten Milek, Seljak, Šimala ao (2016a), ScaleNet (2019).

Diaspidiotus zonatus

Diaspidiotus zonatus (Frauenfeld, 1868)

zonate armoured scale

on Quercus, etc.

Diaspidiotus zonatus, female scale

female scale (from Malumphy)

parasite

Scales on the branches.

host plants

primarily Fagaceae, monophagous

Quercus cerris, coccifera, ilex, infectoria subsp. veneris, ithaburensis, lusitanica, palustris, petraea, pubescens, pyrenaica, robur.

Also Ceratonia siliqua; Fagus sylvatica.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

synonyms

Aspidiotus, Quadraspidiotus, zonatus.

references

Blay Goicoechea (1992a), Buhr (1965a), Fetykó (2014a), Gertsson (2016a) , Gomez-Menor Ortega (1957a, 1960a), Hellrigl (2004a), Jansen (1999b, 2013a), Kozár, Guignard, Bachmann ao (1994a), Malumphy (2010a), Masten Milek, Seljak, Šimala ao (2016a), Roskam (2019a), Seljak (2010a), Spodek, Ben-Dov & Mendel (2013a).

Diaspidiotus ostreaeformis

Diaspidiotus ostreaeformis (Curtis, 1843)

yellow plum scale

polyphagous on woody plants

Diaspidiotus ostreaeformis: female scale

female scale (from Allen & Malumphy)

parasite

Female scale circular, dark grey to black, exuviae subcentral, orange-yellow; diameter up to 1.9 mm; body under the scale orange.

host plants

Acacia karroo, saligna; Aesculus hippocastanum; Alnus rubra; Betula pendula; Broussonetia papyrifera; Carpinus; Corylus avellana; Crataegus azarolus, rhipidophylla; Ficus carica, elastica; Fraxinus excelsior; Ligustrum; Malus pumila; Morus alba, nigra; Platanus occidentalis; Populus alba; Prunus avium, cerasus, domestica, persica; Pyrus communis; Quercus; Ribes nigrum; Salix; Sorbus aucuparia; Syringa vulgaris; Tilia platyphyllos; Ulmus; Wigandia caracasana.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

synonyms

Quadraspidiotus ostreaeformis.

references

Allen & Malumphy (0000a), Blay Goicoechea (1992a), Bugila (2006a), Buhr (1964b), Fetykó (2014a), Gomez-Menor Ortega (1957a), Hellrigl (2004a), Jansen (1999b), Kozár, Guignard, Bachmann ao (1994a), Malumphy (2010a), Malumphy, Ostrauskas & Pye (2010a), Masten Milek, Seljak, Šimala ao (2016a), Mifsud, Mazzeo, Russo & Watson (2014a), Podsiadło (2006a), Roskam (2019a), Schmutterer & Hoffmann (2003a), Seljak (2010a), Tomasi (2014a).

Cydia corollana

Cydia corollana (Hübner, 1823)

aspen-shoot piercer

on Populus

parasite

The larva lives in old galls of Saperda populnea, feeding on the green bark.

host plants

Salicaceae, monophagous

Populus tremula.

phenology

Univoltine; hibernation as larva.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Pictures on Lepiforum; see also Swatschek.

pupa

See Patočka & Turčáni.

synonyms

Grapholitha, Laspeyresia, corollana.

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Buhr (1965a), Disqué (1905a), Hancock & Bland (2015a), Lepiforum (2019), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Swatschek (1958a), Szőcs (1977a).

Clepsis rurinana

Clepsis rurinana (Linnaeus, 1758)

pale tortrix

broadly polyphagous

parasite

Larvae in rolled leaves.

host plants

Acer; Aconitum; Anthriscus; Arctostaphylos uva-ursi; Aster; Bupleurum falcatum; Chelidonium; Convolvulus; Corylus avellana; Euphorbia; Fagus sylvatica; Helianthemum nummularium; Lilium; Lonicera caprifolium, periclymenum, xylosteum; Quercus; Rosa canina; Rumex; Teucrium scorodonia.

phenology

Univoltine;hibernation as larva.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Pictures on Lepiforum; see also Swatschek.

pupa

See Patočka & Turčáni.

synonyms

Cacoecia, Clepsis, semialbana Guenée, 1845.

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Disqué (1905a), Hancock & Bland (2015a), Lepiforum (2019), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Schütze (1931a), Swatschek (1958a).

Adoxophyes orana

Adoxophyes orana (Fischer von Röslerstamm, 1834)

summer fruit tortrix

polyphagous, mainly on woody plants

parasite

Larvae among folded or spun leaves.

host plants

Acer campestre; Alnus glutinosa; Betula pendula; Corylus avellana; Cydonia oblonga; Fagus sylvatica; Forsythia suspensa; Gossypium herbaceum;Humulus lupulus; Laburnum; Ligustrum; Lonicera caprifolium, pericylmenum, xylosteum; Malus sylvestris; Medicago; Menyanthes trifoliata; Pistacia lentiscus; Populus; Prunus armeniaca, avium, domestica & subsp. insititia, padus, persica, triloba; Pyrus communis; Ribes nigrum, rubrum, uva-crispa; Rosa canina; Rubus fruticosus. Salix caprea, viminalis; Solanum dulcamara; Symphoricarpos albus; Syringa vulgaris; Taxus baccata; Tilia; Ulmus; Vaccinium.

phenology

Bivoltine; hibernation as larva.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Pictures on Lepiforum; see also Swatschek

pupa

See Patočka & Turčáni.

synonyms

Adoxophyes, Capua, reticulana (Hübner, 1819).

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Disqué (1905a), Hancock &; Bland (2015a), Huisman, Koster, Nieukerken & Ulenberg (2003a), Lepiforum (2019), Meijerman & Ulenberg (2000a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Swatschek (1958a).

Capua vulgana

Capua vulgana (Fabricius, 1828)

common tortrix

polyphagous on woody plants

parasite

Lavae amons pun leaves.

host plants

Alnus glutinosa; Betula; Carpinus betulus; Corylus avellana; Quercus; Rubus idaeus; Sorbus aucuparia; Ulmus; Vaccinium myrtillus.

phenology

Univoltine; hhibernation as pupa.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Body greyish brown; pictures on Lepiforum; see also Swatschek.

synonyms

Capua favillaceana Hübner, 1817.

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Hancock & Bland (2015a), Huisman, Koster, van Nieukerken & Ulenberg (2001a), Lepiforum (2019), Schütze (1931a), Swatschek (1958a).

Ptycholoma lecheana

Ptycholoma lecheana (Linnaeus, 1758)

brindled tortrix

polyphagous on woody plants

parasite

Larvae among spun leaves.

host plants

Abies; Acer; Crataegus; Fagus; Fraxinus; Larix; Malus; Picea; Populus; Prunus avium, cerasus, padus, spinosa; Quercus; Ribes nigrum; Salix; Sorbus aucuparia; Tilia; Ulmus minor.

phenology

Univoltine; hibernation as larva.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Body dorsally dark green to grey, mostly conspicuous pinacula; pictures on Lepiforum; see also Swatschek.

pupa

See Patočka & Turčáni.

synonyms

Cacoecia lecheana.

references

Baldizzone & Scalercio (2018a), Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Disqué (1905a), Hancock & Bland (2015a), Lepiforum (2019), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Schütze (1931a), Swatschek (1958a).

Lozotaeniodes cupressana

Lozotaeniodes cupressana (Duponchel, 1836)

on Chamaecyparis, Juniperus

parasite

Larvae among spun shoots.

host plants

Cupressaceae, oligophagous

Chamaecyparis; Juniperus oxycedrus & subsp, macrocarpa, phoenicea.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Body brown, with conspicuous white pinacula; pictures on Lepiforum; see also Swatschek.

references

Huertas Dionisio (2007a), Lepiforum (2019), Requena i Miret (1998a), Swatschek (1958a).

Lozotaenia forsterana

Lozotaenia forsterana (Fabricius, 1781)

large ivy tortrix

polyphagous

parasite

Larva among spun young leaves.

host plants

Abies; Andromeda polifolia; Campanula; Fraxinus; Hedera helix; Larix decidua; Ligustrum; Lonicera periclymenum; Luzula luzuloides; Picea; Pinus; Prunus laurocerasus, serotina; Rhododendron tomentosum; Ribes;Rubus idaeus; Sedum; Stachys sylvatica; Vaccinium myrtillus, uliginosum, vitis-idaea.

phenology

Univoltine, hibernation as larva.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

pictures on Lepiforum, see also Swatschek.

pupa

See Patočka & Turčáni.

synonyms

Tortrix forsterana.

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Disqué (1905a), Hancock & Bland (2015a(, Lepiforum (2019), Meijerman & Ulenberg (2000a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Schütze (1931a), Šumpich (2011b), Swatschek (1958a).

Paramesia gnomana

Paramesia gnomana (Clerck, 1759)

small straw tortrix

polyphagous

parasite

Larvae among pun leaves.

host plants

Iris pseudacorus; Plantago; Stachys germanica, sylvatica; Taraxacum; Vaccinium myrtillus.

phenology

Univoltine.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Body yellow to greyish green; head brownish yellow; prothoracic plate brown; anal plate yellowish green; thoracic pinacula brown, the abdominal ones yellowish green; see Swatschek.

pupa

See Patočka & Turčáni.

synonyms

Dichelia gnomana.

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Disqué (1905a), Hancock & Bland (2015a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Schütze (1931a), Swatschek (1958a).

Periclepsis cinctana

Periclepsis cinctana (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775)

dover tortrix, tree twist

polyphagous

parasite

Larva in a silken tube or among spun leaves.

host plants

Anthyllis vulneraria; Artemisia; Cytisus scoparius; Genista tinctoria; Lotus.

phenology

Univoltine.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Body greenish brown; head and prothoracic plate black; anal plate light brown, darkly punctuated; pinacula black; see Swatschek.

synonyms

Eulia cinctana.

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Disqué (1905a), Hancock & Bland (2015a), Schütze (1931a), Swatschek (1958a).

Philedone gerningana

Philedone gerningana (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775)

cinquefoil tortrix, twist

polyphagous on herbs

parasite

Larvae in a silken tube or among spun leaves.

host plants

Armeria maritima; Helianthemum; Limonium vulgare; Lotus corniculatus; Medicago minima; Myrica gale; Peucedanum; Plantago media; Potentilla erecta; Scabiosa columbaria; Vaccinium uliginosum.

Occasionally Picea sitchensis

phenology

Univoltine, hibernation as egg.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

pictures on Lepiforum; see also Swatschek.

pupa

See Patočka & Turčáni.

synonyms

Amphisa gerningana; Philedone geringiana: Swatschek.

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Disqué (1905a), Hancock & Bland (2015a), Lepiforum (2019), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Schütze (1931a), Swatschek (1958a).

Philedonides lunana

Philedonides lunana (Thunberg, 1784)

heath tortrix

polyphagous

parasite

Larvae among spun young leaves.

host plants

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi; Argentina anserina; Artemisia vulgaris; Calluna vulgaris; Centaurea nigra, scabiosa; Cirsium; Daucus carota; Erica; Fraxinus excelsior; Genista anglica; Larix; Mentha; Myrica gale; Ononis fruticosa;Peucedanum palustre;Picea sitchensis; Pinus contorta; Salix caprea; Silene uniflora; Smyrnium olusatrum; Trifolium pratense; Vaccinium

phenology

Univoltine; hibernation as pupa.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Pictures in Lepiforum; see also Swatschek.

pupa

See Patočka & Turčáni.

synonyms

Amphisa, Philedone, prodromana (Hübner, 1816).

synonyms

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Disqué (1905a), Hancock & Bland (2015a), Lepiforum (2019). Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Swatschek (1958a), Wegner (2010a).

Ditula joannisiana

Ditula joannisiana (Ragonot, 1888)

on Lavandula, Santolina

parasite

Larvae among young spun shoots.

host plants

polyphagous

Lavandula stoechas; Santolina.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Body greyish green; head blackish brown; prothoracic plate dark brown; anal plate greyish brown; pinacula blackish brown; see Swatschek.

synonyms

Hastula joannisiana.

references

Corley, Marabuto, Maravalhas ao (2009a); Swatschek (1958a).

Sparganothis pilleriana

Sparganothis pilleriana (Denis & Schiffermmüller, 1775)

long-nosed tortrix, vine leafroller tortrix

polyphagous

parasite

Larva among youbg spun leaves.

host plants

Artemisia campestris; Centaurea; Clematis vitalba; Dictamnus; Genista tinctoria; Humulus; Humulus lupulus; Iris foetidissima; Limonium vulgare; Lysimachia; Malus; Narthecium ossifragum; Origanum vulgare; Plantago; Polygonatum;Pyrus communis; Rosa spinosissima; Salvia officinalis; Sedum; Stachys germanica; Tanacetum corymbosum; Vincetoxicum hirundinaria; Vitis vinifera.

phenology

Univoltine; hibernation as imago.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Body greyish groen, often with a narrow dark dorsal length line; head and prothoracic plate blackish brown; pinacula recognisable as light dots; see Swatschek.

pupa

See Patočka & Turčáni.

synonyms

Oenophthira pilleriana.

notes

A pest in viticulture.

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Disqué (1905a), Hancock & Bland (2015a), Huisman & Koster (2000a), Kasy (1987a), Lepiforum (2019), Meijerman & Ulenberg (2000a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Pröse (1981a), Schütze (1931a), Swatschek (1958a).

Olindia schumacherana

schumacherana (Fabricius, 1787)

white-barred tortrix, .. twist

polyphagous on forest herbs

parasite

Larvae in spun leaves

host plants

Ajuga; Anemone; Aquilegia vulgaris; Chrysosplenium; Ficaria verna; Lamium galeobdolon; Mercurialis perennis; Vaccinium myrtillus.

phenology

Univoltine.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Body yellowish green; head yellow, with brown markings; prothoracic plate and pinacula brownish black; see Swatschek.

pupa

See Patočka & Turčáni.

synonyms

Anisotaenia, Olindia, ulmana (Hübner, 1823).

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Disqué (1905a), Hancock & Bland (2015a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Robbins (1991a), Schütze (1931a), Swatschek (1958a).

Doloploca punctulana

Doloploca punctulana (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775)

on Ligustrum

parasite

Larvae among spun young leaves

host plants

Oleaceae, monophagous

Ligustrum vulgare.

The reference by Schütze and Swatschek to Berberis, Lonicera seems unconfirmed.

phenology

Univoltine.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Body ventrally light green, dorsally olive green with a pair of light green subdorsal length lines; head light brown, small black markings;ptothoracic plate greenush, black markings; pinacula not recognisable; see Swatschek

pupa

See Patočka & Turčáni.

references

Disqué (1905a), Lepiforum (2019), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Schütze (1931a), Swatschek (1958a).

Cnephasia genitalana

Cnephasia Pierce & Metcalfe, 1915

dover shade

polyphagous on herbs

parasite

Larvae among spun flowers,

host plants

Campanula; Centaurea; .Digitalis purpurea; Hieracium; Leucanthemum vulgare; Mentha; Ononis; Ranunculus; Scorzonera humilis; Senecio; Teucrium.

phenology

Univoltine.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Yellowish grey with small black pinacula; see pinctures on Lepiforum.

pupa

See Patočka & Turčáni.

references

Hancock & Bland (2015a), Lepiforum (2019), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a).

Heterarthrus vikbergi

Heterarthrus vikbergi Liston, Mutanen & Viitasaari 2019

on Populus

mine

Irregular brown blotch mine, adjacent to the leaf margin. The solitary larva pupates in a circular cocoon (diameter 5-7 mm), that, under laboratory conditions, often dropped out ouf the leaf.

host plants

Salicaceae, monofaag

Populus balsaminfera.

distribution within Europe

Finland.

larva

The three sternites each with a brownish black spot; also the first two abdominal sternites with a vague spot.

references

Liston, Mutanen & Viitasaari (2019a).

Melampsora salicina

Melampsora salicina Desmazières, 1847

on Salix

parasite

Melampsora salicina is a collective term for all Melampsora species with a telia stage on willow.

references

Gäumann (1959a), Jage, Kruse, Kummer ao (2013a), Korytnianska & Popova (2012a), Skuhravá & Skuhravý (2003a).

Cnephasia conspersana

Cnephasia conspersana Douglas, 1846

coast shade

on Asteraceae (etc?)

parasite

Larvae in the old flower heads

host plants

Asteraceae, oligofaag

Antennaria dioica; Hieracium; Hypochaeris radicata; Leontodon hispidus; Leucanthemum vulgare; Pulicaria odora; Senecio; Taraxacum.

References to plants of different families, like Dryas octopetala; Helianthemum; Rhinanthus minor; Silene uniflora; Teucrium Trifolium pratense might stem from misidentifications in this notoriously difficult moth genus.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Corley (2005a), Hancock & Bland (2015a).

Eana penziana

Eana penziana (Thunberg, 1791)

large mottled shade

polyphagous on low herbs

parasite

Larvae in a silken tube on or in the soil, feeding on the root collar.

host plants

Armeria maritima; Festuca ovina; Helianthemum canum; Hippocrepis; Lotus; Plantago maritima; Saxifraga rosacea.

phenology

Univoltine.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Body dark green; head reddish brown; prothoracic and anal plate, also the pinacula, black.

synonyms

Cnephasia penziana.

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a)Hancock & Bland (2015a), Schütze (1931a).

Eana incanana

Eana incanana (Stephens, 1852)

bluebell shade

on Hyacinthoides

parasite

The larva lives in a spinning the inflorescence

host plants

Asparagaceae, monophagous

Hyacinthoides non-scripta.

Given the specialised biology of the larva, references to host plants like Leucanthemum vulgare; Salix; Vaccinium are unlikely.

phenology

Univoltine; hibernation probably as egg.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Body brown; head yellowish, with dark markings; prothoracic plate black with white markings; pinacula as small dark dots.

references

Baldizzone & Scalercio (2018a), Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Hancock & Bland (2015a), Lepiforum (2019).

Tortricodes alternella

Tortricodes alternella (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775)

winter shade

polyphagous on woody plants

parasite

Larvae among spun leaves.

host plants

Betula; Carpinus betulus; Corylus avellana; Crataegus; Hippophae rhamnoides;Prunus spinosa; Quercus; Tilia; Ulmus minor.

phenology

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Body ventrally whitish, dorsally reddish brown with three narrow whitish length lines; head dark brown, often with paler spots; prothoracic plate light brown, laterally dark brown; pinacula yellowish white; see Swatschek.

pupa

See Patočka & Turčáni.

synonyms

Cheimatophila, Tortricodes, tortricella (Hübner, 1796).

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Disqué (1905a), Hancock & Bland (2015a), Lepiforum (2019), Meijerman & Ulenberg (2000a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Requena i Miret (1998a), Swatschek (1958a).

Exapate duratella

Exapate duratella von Heyden, 1864

on Laric

parasite

The larva lives among spun needles.

host plants

Pinaceae, monophagous

Larix decidua.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Body dirty green with two whitiah subdorsal length lines; head yellowish green, posteriorly with dark markings; prothoracic plate greenish with fine black marks; see Swatschek.

pupa

See Patočka & Turčáni.

references

Hancock & Bland (2015a), Kovács & Kovács (2001a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Swatschek (1958a) (1958a).

Exapate congelatella

Exapate congelatella (Clerck, 1759)

autumnal shade

broadly polyphagous

parasite

Larvae among spun leaves.

host plants

Anthriscus; Berberis; Calluna; Chaerophyllum; Crataegus; Erica; Fragaria; Ligustrum; Malus; Myrica; Prunus spinosa; Quercus;Rhamnus cathartica; Ribes; Rubus; Salix; Syringa; Ulmus;
Vaccinium.

phenology

Univoltine;hibernation as egg.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Body light green with two whitish subdorsal length lines (sometimes colour brownish between these lines); head mottled light brown; prothoracic plate pale green with fine dark markings; see Swatschek.

pupa

See Patočka & Turčáni.

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Disqué (1905a), Hancock & Bland (2015a), Lepiforum (2019), Meijerman & Ulenberg (2000a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Schütze (1931a), Swatschek (1958a).

Neosphaleroptera nubilana

Neosphaleroptera nubilana (Hübner, 1799)

deep brown shade

on Crataegus, Malus, Prunus, etc.

parasite

Larvae among sun young leaves

host plants

Rosaceae, oligophagous

Crataegus; Malus domestica; Prunus armeniaca, domestica, spinosa; Pyrus communis.

References to Betula need confirmation.

phenology

Univoltine; hibernation as young larva.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Body light green; head light brown; prothoracic plate light brown, hind margin often with dark brown spots; pinacula concolorous; see Swatschek.

pupa

See Patočka & Turčáni

synonyms

Cnephasia nubilana.

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Disqué (1905a), Hancock & Bland (2015a), Lepiforum (2019), Meijerman & Ulenberg (2000a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Schütze (1931a), Swatschek (1958a).

Cochylimorpha woliniana

Cochylimorpha woliniana (Schleich, 1868)

on Artemisia

parasite

The larvae bore in the shoots; there also the hibernation.

host plants

Asteraceae, monophagous

Artemisia absinthium.

phenology

Univoltine

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Body brownish white; head blackish brown; see Swatschek.

synonyms

Conchylis, Stenodes, woliniana.

references

Schütze (1931a), Swatschek (1958a).

Cochylis posterana

Cochylis posterana Zeller, 1847

on distels

parasite

Larvae in the flower heads.

host plants

Asteraceae, o0ligophagous.

Arctium; Carduus acanthoides, nutans; Centaurea jacea; Cirsium vulgare.

phenology

Bivoltine; hibernation as larva.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Body brownish white, often with s reddish hue; head dark brown; prothoracic plate brown, margined black, median sulcus darkly punctuated; see Swatschek.

pupa

See Patočka & Turčáni.

synonyms

Conchylis posterana.

references

Disqué (1905a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Schütze (1931a), Swatschek (1958a).

Cochylidia richteriana

Cochylidia richteriana (Fischer von Röslerstamm, 1837)

on Artemisia

parasite

The larvae live in the roots and root collar

host plants

Asteraceae, monophagous

Artemisia vulgaris.

That the larve would also live in Achillea millefolium needs conformation.

phenology

Bivoltine, hibernation as larva.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Body yellowish white; head light brown; see Swatschek,

references

Bassi & Scaramozzino (1989a), Huisman, Koster, van Nieukerken & Ulenberg (2001a), Schütze (1931), Swatschek (1958a).

Anchinia cristalis

Anchinia cristalis (Scopoli, 1763)

on Daphne

parasite

Larvae among spun leaves

host plants

Thymelaeaceae, monophagous

Daphne mezereum.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Body dark grey with narrow median whitish length line; head light brown; prothoracic plate dark brown; pinacula black, bordered with white; see Lepiforum.

pupa

See Patočka & Turčáni.

references

Buvat & Nel (1999a), Lepiforum (2019), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Šumpich, Žemlička & Dvořák (2013a), Wimmer (1991a).

Aethes languidana

Aethes languidana (Mann, 1855)

on Helichrysum

parasite

The larva in a folded leaf

host plants

Asteraceae, monophagous

Helichrysum italicum subsp. picardii.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Body whitish; head and thoracic feet dark brown; prothoracic plate punctuated brown; see Swatschek.

synonyms

Phalonidia reversana (Staudinger, 1820).

references

Huertas Dionisio (2007a), Swatschek (1958a).

Eupoecilia cebrana

Eupoecilia cebrana (Hübner, 1813)

on Gnaphalium, Helichrysum

parasite

The larvae live in a silken tube in the inflorescence.

host plants

Asteraceae, oligophagous

Gnaphalium; Helichrysum arenarium.

phenology

Bivoltine, hibernation as larva.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Body yellowish white; head blackish brown; prothoracic plate brown with black dots; see Swatschek.

synonyms

Conchylis cebrana.

references

Disqué (1905a), Schütze (1931a), Swatschek (1958a).

Eupoecilia sanguisorbana

Eupoecilia sanguisorbana (Herrich-Schäffer, 1856)

on Sanguisorba

parasite

The larvae bore in the flowerheads when they come into fruit.

host plants

Rosaceae, monophagous

Sanguisorba officinalis.

phenology

Univoltine.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Body reddish brown; head, prothoracic and anala plates dark brown; see Swatschek,

synonyms

Conchylis sanguisorbana.

references

Disqué (1905a), Huemer & Wiesner (1997a), Lepiforum (2019), Réal (1981a), Schütze (1931a), Swatschek (1958a).

Phtheochroa purana

Phtheochroa purana (Guenée, 1845)

on Cephalaria

parasite

Biology not described.

host plants

Caprifoliaceae, monophagous

Cephalaria leucantha.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Body yellowish, dorsally reddish spots; head light brown; prothoracic plate yellowish, anal plate yellowish, dark-spotted (Swatschek)

synonyms

Hysterosia purana.

references

Swatschek (1958a.

Phtheochroa fulvicinctana

Phtheochroa fulvicinctana (Constant, 1893)

on Limonium

parasite

Biology not described.

host plants

Plumbaginaceae, monophagous

Limonium vulgare.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Body reddish with two dorsal and two subdorsal light length lines; head, protoracic and anal plates brown. See Swatschek.

synonyms

Hysterosia fulvicinctana.

references

Lepiforum (2019), Swatschek (1958a), Trematerra & Sciarretia (2000a).

Phtheochroa pulvillana

Phtheochroa pulvillana Herrich-Schäffer, 1851

on Asparagus

parasite

Several larvae together bore in thuk stem and rhizome; here also the hibernation and pupation takes place.

host plants

Asparagaceae, monophagous

Asparagus officinalis.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Body witish; head light brown; see Lepiforum, Swatschek

pupa

See Patočka & Turčáni.

synonyms

Hysterosia pulvillana.

references

Lepiforum (2019), Mazurkiewicz, Tumialis & Pezowicz (2013a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Schütze (1931a), Šumpich, Žemlička & Dvořák (2013a), Šumpich ao (2005a), Swatschek (1958a).

Phtheochroa schreibersiana

Phtheochroa schreibersiana (Frölich, 1828)

scarce gold conch

on polyphagous ?

parasite

The biology is not sufficiently clear, neither is the host plant spectrum. The young larvae initially would live among the leaves, then bore into the young shoots that would slacken.

host plants

Populus nigra; Prunus padus; Ulmus.

phenology

Univotine; hibernation as larva.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Body pale yellowish brown; body yellowish brown; prothoracic plate centrally and along the hind margin darkly punctuated. see Swatschek.

pupa

See Patočka & Turčáni.

synonyms

Hysterosia schreibersiana.

notes

Schütze (1935a) repeatedly found the larvae in the galls of Colopha compressa!

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Disqué (1905a), Hancock & Bland (2015a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Schütze (1931a, 1935a), Swatschek (1958a), Wieser (2004a).

Melampsora deformans

Melampsora deformans Leppik, 1949

parasite

Buhr points in his keys to this name, meaning a rust fungus that causes witches’ broom like malformations. The name is virtually unknown in the mycological literature. Gäumann supposes that the “species” applies to a witches broom that secondarily has been infected by some Melampsora.

references

Buhr (1964b, 1965a), Gäumann (1959a).

Acleris fimbriana

Acleris fimbriana (Thunberg, 1791)

on Malus, Prunus, Vaccinium

parasite

Larvae among spun young leaves.

host plants

Malus; Prunus spinosa; Vaccinium uliginosum.

phenology

Bivoltine; hibernation as imago.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Body dirty green; head dark brown; prothoracic plate dark brown, often darker at the margin; pinacula sometimes dark brown.

pupa

See Patočka & Turčáni (2005a).

synonyms

Acalla fimbriana, lubricana (Mann, 1867).

notes

In China an important pest on apple.

references

Disqué (1905a), Lepiforum (2019), Meijerman & Ulenberg (2000a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Pröse (1993a), Swatschek (1958a).

Acleris hippophaeana

Acleris hippophaeana (von Heyden, 1865)

on Hippophae

parasite

Larva among young spun leaves.

host plants

Elaeagnaceae, monophagous

Hippophae rhamnoides.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Body greyish white; head brown, laterally with black markings; prothoracic plate at hind margin somewhwat darker brown (Swatschek).

synonyms

Acalla hippophaeana.

references

Disqué (1905a), Lepiforum (2019)<>/a>, Pröse (1993a), Swatschek (1958a).

Acleris quercinana

Acleris quercinana (Zeller, 1849)

on Quercus

parasite

Larva among spun leaves.

host plants

Fagaceae, monophagous

Quercus.

phenology

Univoltine; hobernation possibly as egg.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Body green, head and prothoracic plate dark brown; resembling the larva of Acleris ferrugana (Swatschek).

synonyms

Acalla quercinana.

references

Diakonoff & Dorst (1982a), Disqué (1905a), Pastorális, Elsner, Kopeček ao (2013a), Pröse (1993a), Schütze (1931a), Swatschek (1958a).

Acleris effractana

Acleris effractana (Hübner, 1799)

grey notch-wing button, hook-winged tortrix moth

on Salix

parasite

Larva among spun leaves.

host plants

Salicaceae, monofaah

Salix cinerea, pentandra, cinerea.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

synonyms

Acleris stettinensis Leraut, 2003.

notes

This species has long been confused with Acleris emargana. For that reason there is no complete information available about its biology and host plant spectrum.

references

Hancock & Bland (2015a), Karsholt, Aarvik, Agassiz ao (2005a), Roweck & Savenkov (2007a), Svensson (2005a).

Acleris emargana

Acleris emargana (Fabricius, 1775)

notch-wing button

on Salix

parasite

Larva among spun leaves.

host plants

Salicaceae, oligophagous

Populus tremula; Salix caprea.

Only rarely on Populus tremula. Records from Betula may only be accidental.

phenology

Univoltine; hibernation possibly as egg.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Body and prothoracic plate pale green; head pale honey coloured; pinacula inconspicuous. See Swatschek.

pupa

See Patočka & Turčáni.

synonyms

Acalla emargana.

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Diakonoff & Dorst (1982a), Disqué (1905a), Hancock & Bland (2015a), Karsholt, Aarvik, Agassiz ao (2005a), Lepiforum (2019)<>/a>, Meijerman & Ulenberg (2000a), Murria Beltrán (2005a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Pröse (1993a), Swatschek (1958a).

Acleris literana

Acleris literana (Linnaeus, 1758)

lichen button

on Quercus

parasite

Larva among spun leaves.

host plants

Fgaceae, monophagous

Quercus petraea, robur.

References to Acer, Betula, Malus, Tilia as host plants under natural conditions need confirmation.

phenology

Univoltine; hibernation as imago.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva;

Body greenish; heaf yellow; prothoracic plate yellowish green with a dark spot; pinacula concolorous with body.

pupa

See Patočka & Turčáni.

synonyms

Acalla literana.

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Diakonoff & Dorst (1982a), Disqué (1905a), Hancock & Bland (2015a), Lepiforum (2019)<>/a>, Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Pröse (1993a), van Roosmalen, Wijker & Knijnsberg (2013a), Schütze (1931), Swatschek (1958a).

Acleris maccana

Acleris maccana (Treitschke, 1835)

marbled button

on Ericaceae, Myrica

parasite

Larva in a silke tube on the leaves.

host plants

Ericaceae, Myricaceae, restricted polyphagous

Myrica gale; Rhododendron tomentosum; Vaccinium myrtillus, uliginosum, vitis-idaea.

phenology

Univoltine; hibernation as imago.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Body pale greenish blue; head brownish, black marking at rear angle; prothoracic plate brownish; pinacula concolorous with body but well recognisable.

pupa

See Patočka & Turčáni.

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Hancock & Bland (2015a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Pröse (1993a), Schütze (1931a), Wegner (2010a).

Acleris abietana

Acleris abietana (Hübner, 1822)

perth button

on Picea, etc.

parasite

Larva in a slight web amobg the needles.

host plants

Pinaceae, monophagous

Abies alba; Picea abies; Pinus sylvestris.

phenology

Univoltine; hibernation probably as imago.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Body greyish brown; head and prothoracic plate light brown; pinacula dark brown.

pupa

See Patočka & Turčáni.

synonyms

All European material that has been ascribed to Acleris nigrilineana Kawabe, 1963 upon check of its DNA has been shown to belong to A. abietana (M. Mutanen in Lepiforum).

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Diakonoff & Dorst (1982a), Hancock & Bland (2015a), Lepiforum (2019), Meijerman & Ulenberg (2000a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Pröse (1993a).

Acleris lorquiniana

Acleris lorquiniana (Duponchel, 1835)

marsh button

on Lythrum

parasite

The larva lives in a silken tube in the inflorescence.

host plants

Lythraceae, monophagous

Lythrum salicaria.

phenology

Bivoltine; hibernation presumably as imago.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Body translucent pale green, head very pale brown, prothoracic plate not differentiated, pinacula not recognisable.

pupa

See Patočka & Turčáni

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Diakonoff & Dorst (1982a) , Hancock & Bland (2015a), Lepiforum (2019)<>/a>, Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Pröse (1993a), Triberti, Longo Turri, Adami & Zanetti (2017a).

Acleris rufana

Acleris rufana (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775)

sweet-gale button

polyphagous

parasite

Larvae among spun leaves.

host plants

Filipendula ulmaria; Myrica gale; Populus alba, x canescens; Rhododendron groenlandicum; Rubus fruticosus, idaeus; Salix caprea; Sanguisorba officinalis; Vaccinium uliginosum; Viburnum.

phenology

Univoltine, hibernation as imago,

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Body pale yellowish brown; had and prothoracic plate chestnut brown; pinacula whitish.

pupa

See Patočka & Turčáni.

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Diakonoff & Dorst (1982a), Graham (2014a), Hancock & Bland (2015a), Lepiforum (2019), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Pröse (1993a), Wegner (2010a).

Acleris lipsiana

Acleris lipsiana (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775)

northern button

polyphagous on woody plants

parasite

Larvae in spinning om the leaves.

host plants

Andromeda polifolia; Betula pendula; Malus sylvestris; Myrica gale; Salix caprea, repens; Spiraea; Vaccinium myrtillus,vitis-idaea.

The English literature only mentions Myrica, Vaccinium, bur pictures on Lepiforum demonstrate a much wider spectrum.

phenology

Univotine, hibernation as imago.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Body slender, whitish; head chestnut brown; prothoracic plate black, anteriorly white-margined; pinacula inconspicuous.

synonyms

Acalla lipsiana.

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Diakonoff & Dorst (1982a, Disqué (1905a), Hancock & Bland (2015a), Lepiforum (2019), Pröse (1993a), Schütze (1931a).

Acleris hyemana

Acleris hyemana (Haworth, 1811)

heath button

on (Erica), Calluna

parasite

The larve lives in a densense spinning, that several times is replaced.

host plants

Ericaceae, oligophagous

Erica; Calluna vulgaris.

phenology

Univoltine, hibernation as imago.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Body pale green; head pale honey coloured; prothoracic plate not differentiated; pinacula inconspicuous. See also Swatschek.

synonyms

Acalla, Acleris, mixtana (Hübner, 1813).

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Diakonoff & Dorst (1982a, Disqué (1905a), Hancock & Bland (2015a), Huisman, Koster, Muus & van Nieukerken (2013a), Lepiforum (2019), Pröse (1993a), Schütze (1931a), Swatschek (1958a), Wegner (2010a).

Acleris cristana

Acleris cristana (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775)

tufted button

on Rosaceae

parasite

Larvae in folded or spun leaves

host plants

Rosaceae, oligophagous

Crataegus; Malus sylvestris; Prunus domestica, spinosa; Pyrus communis; Rosa; Sorbus aria, sambucifolia.

References to Carpinus betulus; Salix caprea; Ulmus are unlikely.

phenology

Univoltine; hibernation as imago.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Body pale green; heaf brown; prothoracic plate brown to black, hind margin darker; pinacula inconspicuous.

pupa

See Patočka & Turčáni (2005a).

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Hancock & Bland (2015a), Huisman & Koster (2000a), Lepiforum (2019), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Pröse (1993a), Requena i Miret (1998a), Schütze (1931a).

Acleris hastiana

Acleris hastiana (Linnaeus, 1758)

sallow button

on (Populus), Salix

parasite

Larvae in rolled or spun leaves.

host plants

Salicaceae, oligophagous

Populus alba; Salix alba, aurita, caprea, cinerea subsp. oleifolia, x fragilis, repens, viminalis.

References to Andromeda polifolia; Prunus spinosa; Rhamnus frangula; Vaccinium uliginosum are unlikely.

phenology

Bivoltine, hibernation as imago.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Body greenish white; head shiny brownish black; prothoracic plate dark brown but anteriorly to a variable degree white; pinacula inconspicuous. See also Swatschek.

pupa

See Patočka & Turčáni.

synonyms

Acalla hastiana.

references

Baldizzone & Scalercio (2018a), Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Cleve (1979a), Diakonoff & Dorst (1982a, Disqué (1905a), Hancock & Bland (2015a), Huertas Dionisio (2007a), Lepiforum (2019), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Pröse (1993a), Requena i Miret (1998a), Schütze (1931a), Swatschek (1958a), Wegner (2010a).

Acleris umbrana

Acleris umbrana (Hübner, 1799)

dark-streaked button

polyphagous on woody plants

parasite

Larvae among spun leaves.

host plants

Alnus glutinosa; Carpinus betulus; Cornus sanguinea; Crataegus; Prunus avium, padus, spinosa; Salix caprea; Sorbus aucuparia.

Only the relation with sloe has been recently affirmed by breeding; all other relations should be considered dubious.

phenology

One or two generations; the imago hibernates.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Body pale green; head and prothoracic plate black, latter with median sulcus; mesonotum with two black suboval sclerites.

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Hancock & Bland (2015a), Lepiforum (2019), Pröse (1993a).

Acleris logiana

Acleris logiana (Clerck, 1759)

grey birch button, black headed birch leaffolder

on Betula

parasite

Larva among spun leaves.

host plants

Betulaceae, monophagous

Betula dahurica, pendula, platyphylla.

phenology

Univoltine; hibernation as imagp

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Body transparent greenish white; head dar brown; prothoracic plate greenish white with large triangular dark brown marking; pinacula inconspicuous. See Swatschek.

pupa

See Patočka & Turčáni.

synonyms

Acalla niveana (Fabricius, 1787).

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Diakonoff & Dorst (1982a, Disqué (1905a), Hancock & Bland (2015a), Lepiforum (2019), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Pröse (1993a), Schütze (1931a), Swatschek (1958a).

Acleris kochiella

Acleris kochiella (Goeze, 1783)

elm button

on Ulmus

parasite

Larva among spun leaves or in an folded leaf.

host plants

Ulmaceae, monophagous

Ulmus glabra, minor.

phenology

Bivoltine; hibernation as imago.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Body green; head and prothoracic plate dark brown; pinacula pale; see Swatschek.

pupa

See Patočka & Turčáni

synonyms

Acalla boscana (Fabricius, 1794).

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Diakonoff & Dorst (1982a), Disqué (1905a), Hancock & Bland (2015a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Pröse (1993a), Requena i Miret (1998a), Schütze (1931), Swatschek (1958a).

Acleris permutana

Acleris permutana (Duponchel, 1836)

buff button

on Rosa

parasite

Larva among spun leaves

host plants

Rosaceae, ? monophagous

Rosa spinosissima.

Reports from Prunus spinosa need conformation.

phenology

Univotine; hibernation as egg?

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Body yellowish green; head pale brown, laterally darker; prothoracic plate light brow, laterally with two spots; only the thoracic pinacula recognisable, brown.

synonyms

Acalla permutana.

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Diakonoff & Dorst (1982a) , Disqué (1905a), Hancock & Bland (2015a), Pröse (1993a), van Roosmalen, Wijker & Knijnsberg (2013a), Schütze (1931a), Swatschek (1958a), Wegner (2010a).

Acleris variegana

Acleris variegana (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775)

garden rose tortrix

polyphagous

parasite

Larvae in spun leaves or in a leaf fold.

host plants

preferably woody plants, in particular Rosaceae

Berberis; Carpinus betulus; Colutea gracilis; Corylus avellana;Crataegus; Cydonia; Dasiphora fruticosa; Hylotelephium maximum; Malus domestica; Populus tremula; Prunus armeniaca, avium, cerasus, domestica, dulcis, spinosa; Pyrus communis; Rhamnus cathartica; Rosa; Rubus idaeus; Salix; Sanguisorba minor; Ulmus; Vaccinium myrtillus, vitis-idaea.

phenology

Univoltine, hibernation as egg.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Body translucent greenish-brownish; head and prothoracic plate honey coloured; pinacula inconspicuous. See also Swatschek.

pupa

See Patočka & Turčáni.

synonyms

Acalla variegana.

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Diakonoff & Dorst (1982a), Disqué (1905), Hancock & Bland (2015a), Meijerman & Ulenberg (2000a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Pröse (1993q), Requena i Miret (1998a), Swatschek (1958a).

Acleris shepherdana

Acleris shepherdana (Stephens, 1852)

meadow-sweet button

on Filiendula etc.

parasite

Larva between spun leaflets.

host plants

Rosaceae, oligophagous

? Alchemilla; Aruncus dioicus; Filipendula ulmaria; Sanguisorba officinalis.

phenology

Univoltine; hibernation probably as young larva.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Bpdy green, head yellowish brown; prothoracic plate greyish, hind margin darkened;pinacula inconspicuous. See also Swatschek.

pupa

See Patočka & Turčáni.

synonyms

Acalla sheperdana.

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Diakonoff & Dorst (1982a), Hancock & Bland (2015a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Pröse (1981a, 1993a), Schütze (1931a), Swatschek (1958a).

Acleris ferrugana

Acleris ferrugana (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775)

rusty oak button

on Quercus

parasite

Larva between two spun leaves

host plants

Fagaceae, ? monophagous

? Fagus sylvatica; Quercus robur.

See the discussion by Erwin Rennwald on Lepiforum

phenology

Univoltine or bivoltine, hibernation as imago.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Body translucent pale green; head and prothoracic plate brown to black; pinacula inconspicuous. See also Swatschek/

pupa

See Patočka & Turčáni.

synonyms

Acalla ferrugana; Acalla litharyrana (Herrich-Schäffer, 1851).

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Diakonoff & Dorst (1982a, Disqué (1905a), Hancock & Bland (2015a), Lepiforum (2019), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Pröse (1993q), Swatschek (1958a), Szabóky & Csóka (2010a).

Acleris aspersana

Acleris aspersana (Hübner, 1817)

ginger button

polyphagous

parasite

Larva in a folded leaf or between some spun leaves.

host plants

mainly herbaceous Rosaceae, Cistaceae

Alchemilla vulgaris; Aruncus dioicus; Comarum palustre; Dryas octopetala; Filipendula ulmaria;Fragaria vesca; Geum; Helianthemum nummularium & subsp. obscurum; Malus sylvestris; Potentilla argentea, erecta, recta; Sanguisorba minor, officinalis.

, mentioned by Diakonff & Dorst, seems unlikely.

phenology

Univoltine; hibernation probably as egg.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Body translucent pale brown or green; head and prothoracic plate honey coloured; pinacula inconspicuous. See also Swatschek.

pupa

See Patočka & Turčáni.

synonyms

Acalla aspersana.

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Diakonoff & Dorst (1982a), Disqué (1905a), Hancock & Bland (2015a), Meijerman & Ulenberg (2000a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Pröse (1993q), Rennwald in Lepiforum (2019), Swatschek (1958a).

Acleris rhombana

Acleris rhombana (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775)

rhomboid tortrix, fruit tree tortrix

on woody Rosaceae

parasite

The larvae initially bore in the buds; soon after they live in spun young leaves.

host plants

Rosaceae, oligophagous

Crataegus; Malus; Prunus laurocerasus, maahaleb, spinosa; Pyrus communis; Rosa; Sorbus.

Perhaps rarely also Corylus; Quercus.

phenology

Univoltine; hibernation as egg.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Body dirty green; head brown, posterolaterally darkly marked; prothoracic plate brown; pinacula inconspicuous. See also Swatschek.

pupa

See Patočka & Turčáni.

synonyms

Acalla, Acleris, contaminana (Hübner, 1799).

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Diakonoff & Dorst (1982a) , Disqué (1905a), Hancock & Bland (2015a), Meijerman & Ulenberg (2000a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Pröse (1993q), Schütze (1931a), Swatschek (1958a).

Acleris sparsana

Acleris sparsana (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775)

ashy button

polyphagous

parasite

Larve among spun leaves

host plants

Acer campestre, pseudoplatanus; Carpinus betulus; Fagus sylvatica; Quercus robur; Rubus idaeus; Sorbus aucuparia.

phenology

Univoltine; hibernation as imago.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Body, pinacula and anal plate green; head greenish brown; prothoracic plate geen with laterally black markings. See also Swatschek/

pupa

See Patočka & Turčáni.

synonyms

Acalla sponsana (Fabricius, 1787).

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Diakonoff & Dorst (1982a), Disqué (1905a), Hancock & Bland (2015a), Meijerman & Ulenberg (2000a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Pröse (1993q), Schütze (1931a), Swatschek (1958a).

Acleris caledoniana

Acleris caledoniana (Stephens, 1852)

caledonian button

broadly polyphagous

parasite

Larvae in spun leaves.

host plants

Alchemilla alpina; Comarum palustre; Myrica gale; ? Pinus contorta; Potentilla erecta; Rubus chamaemorus; Vaccinium myrtillus, vitis-idaea.

phenology

Univoltine, hibernation as egg.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Body and prothoracic plate green; head yellowish brown with postero-laterally black markings.

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Graham (2014a), Hancock & Bland (2015a).

Acleris laterana

Acleris laterana (Fabricius, 1794)

dark-triangle button, broad-barred button moth

polyphagous

parasite

Larvae among spun leaves.

host plants

Rhododendron; Vaccinium myrtillus.

These are the only more or less reliably established host plant. Moreover the following incoherent mix are mentioned: Crataegus; Filipendula ulmaria; Populus; Prunus; Rosa; Rubus; Salix; Sorbus; Symphytum officinale.

phenology

Univoltine; hibernation as larva or imago.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Body pale green; head yellowish brown, laterally some black markings; prothoracic plate yellowish brown, hind margin with a blackish brown spot; anal plate and pinacula concolorous. See Swatschek.

pupa

See Patočka & Turčáni.

synonyms

Acleris latifasciana Haworth, 1811.

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Diakonoff & Dorst (1982a, Hancock & Bland (2015a), Meijerman & Ulenberg (2000a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Pröse (1993q), Swatschek (1958a).

Acleris comariana

Acleris comariana (Lienig & Zeller, 1846)

strawberry tortrix

on kruidachtige Rosaceae

parasite

Larvae between folded leaves.

host plants

Rosaceae, oligophagous

Comarum palustre; Fragaria vesca; Geum rivale.

References to Rhododendron; Salix need conformation.

phenology

Bivoltine; hibernation as egg.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Body brownish yellow; head yellow, laterally marked with black; prothoracic plate yellowish brown with hind margin black; pinacula brown.

pupa

See Patočka & Turčáni.

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Diakonoff & Dorst (1982a), Hancock & Bland (2015a), Kozlov & Kullberg (2010a), Meijerman & Ulenberg (2000a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Pröse (1993a), Swatschek (1958a).

Acleris holmiana

Acleris holmiana (Linnaeus, 1758)

white-triangle button, golden leaf roller moth

on woody Rosaceae

parasite

Larvae between sandwiched leaved or under a wub at the underside of a leaf.

host plants

Rosaceae, oligophagous

Cotoneaster; Crataegus; Cydonia; Malus domestica; Prunus spinosa; Pyrus;? Rosa; Rubus.

Schütze suspects that references to Rosa derive from confusion with Acleris bergamnniana.

phenology

Univoltine; hibernation as egg.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Body yellow to white; head and prothoracic plate brown, spotted with black; anal plate and pinacula inconspicuous (Swatschek).

pupa

See Patočka & Turčáni.

synonyms

Acalla, Croesia, holmiana.

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Disqué (1905a), Hancock & Bland (2015a), Meijerman & Ulenberg (2000a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Schüztze (1931a), Swatschek (1958a).

Acleris forsskaleana

Acleris forsskaleana (Linnaeus, 1758)

maple button, maple leaftier

on Acer

parasite

Larvae in spun young leaves and flowers, later in folded leaves.

host plants

Sapindacae, monophagous

Acer campestre, platanoides, pseudoplatanus.

phenology

Univoltine; hibernation as young larva

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Body yellowish white; head, prothoracic and anal plat pale greenish; pinacula inconspicuous, See also Swatschek.

pupa

See Patočka & Turčáni.

synonyms

Chroesia, Croesia, Tortrix, forsskaleana.

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Disqué (1905a), Hancock & Bland (2015a), Lepiforum (2019), Meijerman & Ulenberg (2000a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Swatschek (1958a).

Acleris bergmanniana

Acleris bergmanniana (Linnaeus, 1758)

yellow rose button

on Rosa

parasite

The larve lives amidst fresh spun leaves and flower buds.

host plants

Rosaceae, monophagous

Rosa canina, pendulina, rugosa, spinosissima.

References to Frangula alnus; Rhamnus cathartica need further confirmation.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Body dirty yellow’ head, prothoracic and anal plate black; pinacula inconspicuous.

pupa

See Patočka & Turčáni

synonyms

Chroesia, Croesia, Tortrix, bergmanniana.

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Disqué (1905a), Hancock & Bland (2015a), Meijerman & Ulenberg (2000a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Schürze (1931a), Swatschek (1958a), Wegner (2019a).

Aleimma loeflingiana

Aleimma loeflingiana (Linnaeus, 1758)

yellow oak button, pale yellow leafroller

on Quercus

parasite

The larvae live freely in rolled leaves.

host plants

Fagaceae, monophagous

Quercus.

Records from Acer, Carpinus betulus probably are exceptional.

phenology

Univoltine; hibernation as egg.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

pupa

See Patočka & Turčáni.

synonyms

Tortrix loeflingiana.

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Hancock & Bland (2015a), Meijerman & Ulenberg (2000a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Swatschek (1958a).

Tortrix viridana

Tortrix viridana Linnaeus, 1758

green oak tortrix

on Quercus

parasite

The young larvae bore into buds, but soon they live freely at the undersides of folded or inrolled leaves. In some years extremely numerous.

host plants

Fagaceae, monophagous

Quercus canariensis, petraea, pubescens, robur, suber.

Especially in years of mass occurrence larvae may be found also on other tree species.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Body green; head brownish black; prothoracic and anal plates pale brown to green. Pinacula brown, sometimes partly greenish brown (Swatschek).

puparium

See Patočka & Turčáni.

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Disqué (1905a), Hancock & Bland (2015a), Mannai, Ezzine & Ben Jamâa (2018a), Meijerman & Ulenberg (2000a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Swatschek (1958a).

Spatalistis bifasciana

Spatalistis bifasciana (Hübner, 1787)

small purple button

polyphagous

parasite

According to several old sources the larvae bore into berries. However, recent Bitish observations indicate that the larvae feed on the withered leaves of oak and sweet chestnut.

host plants

Cornus mas; Ligustrum vulgare; Rhamnus cathartica; Vaccinium myrtillus, uliginosum.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Body yellow with large violet pinacula; head, prothoracic and anal plate brown, darkly margined,

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Hancock & Bland (2015a), Huisman & Koster (2000a), Šumpich (2011a), Swatschek (1958a).

Thiodia citrana

Thiodia citrana (Hübner, 1799)

lemon bell

on Achillea, etc.

parasite

The larvae live in en spinning on the inflorescence, taking the flower heads together. Sometimes a larva also bores into the peduncle. Hibernation and pupation in a cocoon among the litter.

host plants

Asteraceae, oligophagous

Achillea cretica, millefolium; Artemisia campestris, vulgaris; Cota tinctoria; Tanacetum vulgare.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

synonyms

Semasia citrana.

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1979a), Disqué (1905a), Hancock & Bland (2015b), Schutze (1931a), Wimmer (1991a).

Eriopsela quadrana

Eriopsela quadrana (Hübner, 1813)

four-spot bell

on Solidago

parasite

A ground leaf is folded upwards and lengthwise, creating the impression of a tubular gall. The larva inside feeds on the leaf without damaging the lower epidermis. Hibernation and pupation in a cocoon among the litter.

host plants

Asteraceae, monophagous

Solidago virgaurea.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

synonyms

Steganoptycha quadrana.

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1979a), Disqué (1905a), Hancock & Bland (2015b), Wullaert (2017a).

Enarmonia formosana

Enarmonia formosana (Scopoli, 1763)

cherry-bark moth

on Rosaceae

parasite

The larva bores in the bark, especially in the thick bark at the foot of older trees en in places where the bark already is swollen by old wounds or cankers. The presence of the larve in its turn causes gumming and loosening of the bark. Reddish brown frass in bark fissures betrays the presence of the larva.

host plants

Rosaceae, oligophagous

Cydonia; Malus domestica; Prunus armeniaca, avium, cerasifera, cerasus, domestica, dulcis, laurocerasus, persica, serrulata; Pyracantha; Pyrus communis; Sorbus

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

See Patočka & Turčáni (2005a)

synonyms

Grapholitha woeberiana (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775).

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1979a), Buhr (1965a), Dang & Parker (1990a), Disqué (1905a), Hancock & Bland (2015b), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a).

Incurvaria vetulella

Incurvaria vetulella (Zetterstedt, 1839)

on Vaccinium

mine

Oviposition by way of an ovipositor, no egg visible therefore. The larva makes a small blotch. Already after its first moult the larva makes an oval excision. Sandwiched herein it drops to the ground and continues feeding of dead leaves.

host plants

Ericaceae, monophagous

Vaccinium myrtillus.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

notes

Mountain species.

references

Arbeitsgemeinschaft Microlepidoptera Bayern (2011a), Burmann (1943b), Junnilainen, Buchner, Kaitila & Mutanen (2019a), Kovács & Kovács (2000a), Kurz (2016a), Laštůvka & Laštůvka (2017a).

Paraclemensia cyanella

Paraclemensia cyanella (Zeller, 1850)

on Acer

mine

Oviposition by way of an ovipositor, no egg visible therefore. The larva makes a small blotch. Already after its first moult the larva makes an oval excision. Sandwiched herein it drops to the ground and continues feeding of dead leaves.

host plants

Sapindaceae, oligophagous

Acer campestre, monspessulanum.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

references

Baldizzone, Varalda & Donato (2010a), Kovács & Kovács (2000a), Wieser (2004a).

Celypha rurestrana

Celypha rurestrana (Duponchel, 1843)

hawkweed marble

on Hieracium

parasite

The larva bores in the taproot.

host plants

Asteraceae, monophagous

Hieracium umbellatum.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

synonyms

Oletreutes lucivagana (Lienig & Zeller, 1846).

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1979a), Disqué (1905a)m Hancock & Bland (2015b), Schütze (1931a).

Celypha striana

Celypha striana (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775)

barred marble

on Taraxacum

parasite

Initially the larva lives under a web at the outside of the taproot; later it lives within. It may cause the death of the plant.

host plants

Asteraceae, monophagous

Taraxacum officinale.

The occurrence on Plantago lanceolata need further confirmation.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

synonyms

Olehreutes striana.

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1979a), Corley, Rosete, Gonçalves ao (2016a), Disqué (1905a), Hancock & Bland (2015b) .

Piniphila bifasciana

Piniphila bifasciana (Hawoth, 1811)

pine marble

on Pinus

parasite

The larva bores in young shoots and in male inflorescences.

host plants

Pinaceae, monophagous

Pinus pinaster, sylvestris.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

synonyms

Olethreuetes bifasciana.

references

Baldizzone & Scalercio (2018a), Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1979a), Disqué (1905a), Hancock & Bland (2015b), Requena i Miret (1998a).

Lobesia botrana

Lobesia botrana (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775)

european vine moth

polyphagous

parasite

The larvae spin the inflorescence together and bore into the fruits.

host plants

Berberis vulgaris; Clematis vitalba; Cornus sanguinea; Daphne gnidium; Hedera helix; Ligustrum vulgare; Lonicera; Ribes; Viburnum lantana; Vitis vinifera.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

synonyms

Polychrosis botrana.

notes

together with Eupoecilia ambiguella an important pest in viticulture.

references

Abd El-Monsef Ahmed Ibrahim (2004a), Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1979a) , Disqué (1905a), Hancock & Bland (2015b), Huertas Dionisio (2007a), Huisman, Koster, Muus & van Nieukerken (2013a).

Lobesia occidentis

Lobesia occidentis Falkovitsh, 1970

spurge marble

on Euphorbia

parasite

The larvae bore in a stem, after having loosely spun together the terminal leaves,

host plants

Euphorbiaceae, monophagous

Euphorbia amygdaloides, paralias.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

synonyms

Lobesiodes occidentis.

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1979a). Hancock & Bland (2015b).

Zelkovaphis trinacriae

Zelkovaphis trinacriae Barbagallo, 2002

on Zelkova

gall

The leaves at the tip of a shoot are pale, thickened and scallop-shaped; they overlap and form a globular rosette. Aphids blackish brown; the progeny of the fundatrix is fully alate.

host plants

Ulmaceae, narrowly monophagous

Zelkova sicula.

distribution within Europe

Socily.

references

Aphid Species File (2019), Barbagallo, Cocuzza & Suma (2009a), Blackman & Eastop (2019), Campo, Mazzeo, Nucifora ao (2018a).

Endothenia quadrimaculana

Endothenia quadrimaculana (Hawoth, 1811)

blotched marble

on Mentha, Stachys

parasite

The larva bores in the root crown and in the rhizome; here also the hibernation and pupation.

host plants

Lamiaceae, oligophagous

Mentha spicata; Stachys palustris.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

synonyms

Olehreutes antiquana (Hübner, 1822).

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1979a), Disqué (1905a), Hancock & Bland (2015b), Lepiforum (2019), Schutze (1931a).

Endothenia nigricostana

Endothenia nigricostana (Haworth, 1811)

black-edged marble

on Stachys

parasite

The larva bores in the stem; hibernation in the root or root crown, pupation in the stem.

host plants

Lamiaceae, oligophagous

Lamium; Stachys palustris, sylvatica.

Robbins also mentions Stachys officinalis.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

synonyms

Olethreutes nigricostana.

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1979a), Disqué (1905a), Hancock & Bland (2015b), Huisman, Koster, Muus & van Nieukerken (2013a), Huisman, Kuchlein, van Nieukerken ao (1986a), Lepiforum (2019), De Prins & Steeman (2013a), Robbins (1991a), Schütze (1931a)m Šumpich (2011a).

Endothenia ustulana

Endothenia ustulana (Haworth, 1811)

bugle marble

on Ajuga

parasite

The larva initially bore in the rhizome and hibernates there; in the spring it bores in the stem. Attacked plants are severely stunted.

host plants

Lamiaceae, monophagous

Ajuga reptans.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1979a), Hancock & Bland (2015b), Huisman, Koster, Muus & van Nieukerken (2013a), Huisman, Koster, Nieukerken & Ulenberg (2003a). Lepiforum (2019), Robbins (1991a).

Epiblema turbidana

Epiblema turbidana (Treitschke, 1835)

butterbur bell

on Petasites

parasite

The larvae bore in the root crown and in the roots. There also the hibernation; the pupation follows in a cocoon in the soil.

host plants

Asteraceae, monophagous

Petasites albus, hybridus, ? pyrenaicus.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1979a), Hancock & Bland (2015b), Huisman & Koster (1999a), Huisman, Koster, Muus & van Nieukerken (2013a), Huisman, Koster, Nieukerken & Ulenberg (2003a).

Chromatomyia linnaeae

Chromatomyia linnaeae Griffiths, 1974

on Linnaea

mine

narrow gallery, soon widening into, and overrun by, an irregular upper surface blotch that may occupy a large part of the tiny leaf. Frass in dispersed grains. Puparium within the mine; the anterior spiracula penetrate the upper epidermis.

host plants

Caprifoliaceae, monophagous

Linnaea borealis.

distribution within Europe

Northern Finland, Sweden; described from Canada.

references

Griffiths (1974a), Itämies (1995a).

Endothenia marginana

Endothenia marginana (Haworth, 1811)

bordered marble

polyphagous

parasite

The lave live freely on the inflorescence, feeding on the developing fruits.

host plants

Galeopsis; Gentiana pneumonanthe; Pedicularis palustris, sylvatica; Plantago lanceolata; Rhinanthus minor;.

As is demonstrated by pictures of Rudolf Bryner in Lepiforum (2019), the larva also lives, like the one of E. gentianaena, also as a borer in the centre of the flower head of Dipsacus fullonum.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1979a), Hancock & Bland (2015b), Heckford (2010a), Koster & van Nieukerken (1998a), Laasonen & Laasonen (1995a).

Endothenia oblongana

Endothenia oblongana (Haworth, 1811)

downland marble

on Plantago (etc.?)

parasite

The larvae bore in the rootstock.

host plants

polyphagous?

Knautia arvensis; Plantago lanceolata.

Records from other plants, especially when it implies references to flower heads, need further scrutiny: Centaurea jacea, nigra; Cirsium oleraceum, palustre; Dipsacus fullonum; Galeopsis; Odontites vernus, vulgaris; Pedicularis; Scabiosa; Stachys officinalis; Succisa; Verbascum thapsus.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

synonyms

Olethreutes oblongana.

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1979a), Disqué (1905a), Hancock & Bland (2015b), Heckford (2010a), Koster & van Nieukerken (1998a), Laasonen & Laasonen (1995a).

Endothenia gentianaeana

Endothenia gentianaeana (Hübner, 1799)

teasel marble

on Dipsacus

parasite

One solitary larva lives in the interior of the flower head or in the peduncle just below, feeding on the pith. Here also the hibernation and pupation.

host plants

Caprifoliaceae, monophagous

Dipsacus fullonum.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

synonyms

Olethreutes gentianaeana.

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1979a), Disqué (1905a), Hancock & Bland (2015b), Huisman, Koster, van Nieukerken & Ulenberg (2003a, 2004a), Koster & van Nieukerken (1998a).

Bactra furfurana

Bactra furfurana (Haworth, 1811)

mottled marble

on Eleocharis, Juncus

parasite

The larva lives as a stem borer; also pupa in a the stem, in a slight cocoon. Affected stems turn yellow.

host plants

Cyperaceae, Juncaceae, restricted polyphagous

Eleocharis palustris; Juncus conglomeratus.

References to Schoenoplectus lacustris are incorrect (Hancock & Bland).

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1979a), Disqué (1905a), Hancock & Bland (2015b), Huisman, Koster, van Nieukerken & Ulenberg (2004a), Martin & Stoecklin (2014a).

Myelois circumvoluta

Myelois circumvoluta (Fourcroy, 1785)

thistle ermine

on thistles

parasite

The larvae develop in the flower heads; once fully fed they descend in the peduncle below for the hibernation and pupation.

host plants

Asteraceae, oligophagous

Arctium; Carlina acaulis subsp. caulescens; Centaurea scabiosa; Cirsium eriophorum, vulgare; Jurinea cyanoides; Onopordum.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

synonyms

Myelois cribrella (Hübner 1796).

references

Baldizzone & Scalercio (2018a), Harizanova, Stoeva, Cristofaro ao (2010a), Lepiforum, Mellini (1951a), Schütze (1931a), Wegner (2010a).

Dichrorampha aeratana

Dichrorampha aeratana (Pierce & Metcalfe, 1915)

obscure drill

on Leucanthemum, Tanacetum

parasite

The larvae bore in the roots, without inflicting recognisable damage to the plants. The larva hibernates in the root, then pupates in a cocoon in the soil.

host plants

Asteraceae, narrowly oligophagous

Leucanthemum vulgare; Tanacetum vulgare.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1979a), Hancock & Bland (2015b), Lepiforum, De Prins (1974a), Wegner (2010a).

Grapholita compositella

Grapholita compositella (Fabricius, 1775)

triple-stripe piercer

on Fabaceae

parasite

The larvae of the first generation, in early summer, live in an upwards running gallery in the stem; the larvae of the second generation leave among spun leaves or flowers.

host plants

Fabaceae, oligophagous

Astragalus cicer; Lotus corniculatus; Medicago sativa; Melilotus; Trifolium pratense, repens.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

synonyms

Cydia, Grapholitha, compositella.

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1979a), Disqué (1905a), Hancock & Bland (2015b), Lepiforum, Wegner (2010a).

Bactra robustana

Bactra robustana (Christoph, 1872)

saltern marble

on Bolboschoenus

parasite

Larvae in the stems and rhizomes. Pupation in the stem; affected stems turn yellow.

host plants

Cyperaceae, monophagous

Bolboschoenus maritimus.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1979a), Corley (2005a), Gerstberger (2003a), Hancock & Bland (2015b), Martin & Stoecklin (2014a), Ricker (2010a), Szőcs (1977a), Wegner (2010a).

Grapholita tenebrosana

Grapholita tenebrosana Duponchel, 1843

deep-brown piercer

on Rosa, (Sorbus)

parasite

The larva bores in the pulp of the hip, just below the epidermis. The mine is recognisable as a brown line; later the hip turns wrinkled and dark brown coloured. Hibernation and pupation in a cocoon, attached to a branch.

host plants

Rosaceae, oligophagous

Rosa canina, rugosa; Sorbus aucuparia.

Only rarely on Sorbus.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

synonyms

Cydia, Grapholitha tenebrosana; Grapholitha roseticolana Zeller, 1849.

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1979a), Disqué (1905a), Hancock & Bland (2015b), Huisman, Koster, van Nieukerken & Ulenberg (2001a), Schütze (1931a), Wegner (2010a).

Cydia succedana

Cydia succedana (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775)

gorse pod moth

on Ulex.etc/

parasite

The larvae develop in the pods.

host plants

Fabaceae, monophagous

Cytisus scoparius;Genista anglica, sagittalis, tinctoria; Lembotropis nigricans; Lotus corniculatus; Ulex europaeus.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

synonyms

Grapholitha succedana.

references

Disqué (1905a), Huisman, Koster, Muus & van Nieukerken (2013a), Schütze (1931a), Wegner (2010a).

Bactra lancealana

Bactra lancealana (Hübner, 1799)

rush marble

on Cyperaceae, Juncaceae

parasite

larvae bore in the stem and in the rhizome; here also the hibernation and pupation.

host plants

restricted polyphagous

Carex riparia; Cyperus longus; Eriophorum angustifolium; Juncus articulatus, conglomeratus, squarrosus; Schoenoplectus lacustris; Trichophorum cespitosum.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1979a), Disqué (1905a), Hancock & Bland (2015b), Martin & Stoecklin (2014a), Schütze (1931a), Triberti, Longo Turri, Adami & Zanetti (2017a), Wegner (2010a).

Cydia nigricana

Cydia nigricana (Fabricius, 1794)

pea moth

on pea etc.

parasite

The larvae bore within in the pods into the ripening seeds. Hibernation and pupation in a cocoon in the soil.

host plants

Fabaceae, oligophagous

Lathyrus japonicus, odoratus, pratensis; Lupinus; Pisum sativum; Vicia.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

synonyms

Laspeyresia nigricana; Cydia rusticella (Clerck, 1759).

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1979a), Hancock & Bland (2015b), Hering (1957a), Huisman & Koster (2000a), Maček (1999a), Robbins (1991a), Wegner (2010a).

Grapholita lunulana

Grapholita lunulana (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775)

northern cresent piercer

on Fabaceae

parasite

The larvae bore in the pods; hibernation and pupation in a cocoon among the litter.

host plants

Fabaceae, oligophagous

Lathyrus japonicus, linifolius, pratensis; Pisum sativum; Vicia cracca.

Records of Trifolium are unlikely.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

synonyms

Cydia lunulana.

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1979a) , Hancock & Bland (2015b), Requena i Miret (1998a), Wegner (2010a).

Pseudargyrotoza conwagana

Pseudargyrotoza conwagana (Fabricius, 1775)

yellow-spot tortrix

on Fraxinus, Ligustrum, Syringa

parasite

The larvae bore the fruits, feeding on the seeds.

host plants

Oleaceae, oligophagous

Fraxinus excelsior; Ligustrum vulgare; Syringa vulgaris.

The often repeated reference to Berberis vulgaris needs confirmation.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Body yellowish; head and prothoracic plate yellowish brown; pinacula and stigmata barely visible; see Swatschek.

pupa

See Patočka & Turčáni.

synonyms

Tortrix conwayana.

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Disqué (1905a), Hancock & Bland (2015a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Swatschek (1958a).

Tetranychus urticae

Tetranychus urticae Koch, 1836

two spotted spider mite

broadly polyphagous

Tetranychus urticae on Nerium oleander

Nerium oleander, Hungary, Győr, 12.vii.201 © László Érsek

Tetranychus urticae on Nerium oleander

unfolding bud

Tetranychus urticae on Nerium oleander

the leaves are covered with a thin webbing, in which exuvia are trapped

Tetranychus urticae: mite

mite

Tetranychus urticae on Nerium oleander

Nerium oleander, Hungary, Mosonmagyaróvár, 1.v.2011 © László Érsek; also the woody parts of the plant may be covered by webbing.

parasite

The mites live freely on the leaves, under a thin web.

host plants

Nerium oleander; Phaseolus vulgaris.

Only a few of the many hundreds of plant species that have been recorded as hosts of this mite!

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

notes

Especially in greenhouses a serious pest species.

references

Blanes-Dalmau, Caballero-López & Pujade-Villar (2017a).

Falseuncaria ruficiliana

Falseuncaria ruficiliana (Haworth, 1811)

red-fringed conch

on herbs

parasite

The larvae bore in the fruits.

host plants

Antirrhinum; ? Bellis perennis; ? Galatella linosyris; Gentiana verna; ? Inula helenium; Linaria vulgaris; Pedicularis sylvatica; Primula farinosa, veris; Rhinanthus minor; ? Solidago virgaurea.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Body yellowish white; head brown to black; see Swatschek.

pupa

See Patočka & Turčáni.

synonyms

Conchylis ciliella (Hübner, 1796).

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Disqué (1905a), Hancock & Bland (2015a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Schütze (1931a), Swatschek (1958a).

Cochylis pallidana

Cochylis pallidana Zeller, 1847

sheep’s-bit conch

on Jasione

parasite

Larvae in the flowers and fruits; hibernation and pupation in a cocoon among the litter.

host plants

Campanulaceae, monophagous

Jasione montana.

That the larva also live on Campanula as is stated by Kasy, is not repeated elsewhere.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Hancock & Bland (2015a), Huisman, Koster, Nieukerken & Ulenberg (2003a), Kasy (1987a), Wegner (2010a).

Cochylis hybridella

Cochylis hybridella (Hübner, 1813)

white-bodied conch

on Crepis, Helminthotheca, Picris

parasite

Larvae in the flower heads. Hibernation and pupation in a cocoon among the litter.

host plants

Asteraceae, monophagous

Crepis; Helminthotheca echioides; Picris hieracioides.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Body yellow, dorsally reddish; head yellowish brown; prothoracic plate yellowish, hind margin darker of with two dark spots; see Swatschek.

synonyms

Conchylis hybridella.

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Disqué (1905a), Hancock & Bland (2015a), Lepiforum (2019), Requena i Miret (1998a), Swatschek (1958a).

Cochylis molliculana

Cochylis molliculana Zeller, 1847

ox-tongue conch

on Helminthotheca

parasite

Larvae in the flowers heads.

host plants

Asteraceae, monophagous

Helminthotheca echioides.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

phenology

Two generations. The first generation pupates in a cocoon in the flower head; the second generation makes a cocoon among the litter and pupates after the hibernation.

references

Hancock & Bland (2015a), Huisman, Koster, Muus & van Nieukerken (2013a).

Cochylis dubitana

Cochylis dubitana (Hübner, 1799)

little conch

on Asteraceae

parasite

Larvae in the flower heads/

host plants

Asteraceae, oligophagous

Arctium lappa; Carduus acanthoides, nutans; Centaurea jacea; Cirsium vulgare; Crepis; Hieracium; Picris; Senecio; Solidago virgaurea.

phenology

Bivoltine.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Booy brownish white to white; head brown; prothoracic plate light brown, darker at the margins; anal plate with dark punctuations; see Swatschek.

pupa

See Patočka & Turčáni.

synonyms

Conchylis dubitana.

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Disqué (1905a), Hancock & Bland (2015a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Swatschek (1958a).

Cochylis flaviciliana

Cochylis flaviciliana (Westwood, 1854)

gold-fringed conch

on Knautia, Succisa

parasite

The larvae live in the flower heads; hibernation and pupation in a cocoon among the litter.

host plants

Caprifoliaceae, oligophagous

Knautia arvensis; Succisa pratensis.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Hancock & Bland (2015a), Murria Beltrán (2005a), Wimmer (2007a).

Cochylis roseana

Cochylis roseana (Haworth, 1811)

rosy conch

on Dipsacus

parasite

The larva bores a spiralling, silken-lined gallery through the fruits at the outside of the flower head; here also the hibernation and pupation.

host plants

Caprifoliaceae, monophagous

Dipsacus fullonum.

Records from Antirrhinum; Aster; Solidago need conformation.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Body dirty brown, head brown; see Swatschek.

synonyms

Conchylis roseana.

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Disqué (1905a), Hancock & Bland (2015a), Huisman & Koster (1999a), Huisman, Koster, van Nieukerken & Ulenberg (2004a), Swatschek (1958a).

Cochylidia rupicola

Cochylidia rupicola (Curtis, 1834)

hemp-agrimony conch

on Eupatorium, etc.

parasite

The larvae live in the flowers, feeding on the developing fruits. Hibernation and puption in a dry broken stem.

host plants

Asteraceae, oligophagous

Eupatorium cannabinum; Galatella linosyris.

The species is reported also from Agrimonia; Lycopus europaeus (Rosaceae, Lamiaceae) The biology of the larvae here is not described.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Body yellowish white; head light brown; prothoracic plate yellowish; see Swatschek.

synonyms

Conchylis rupicola.

references

Baldizzone & Scalercio (2018a), Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Disqué (1905a), Hancock & Bland (2015a), Huisman & Koster (2000a), Swatschek (1958a).

Cochylidia heydeniana

Cochylidia heydeniana (Herrich-Schäffer, 1851)

blue-fleabane conch

on Erigeron

parasite

The larvae of the first generation live in the flower heads; those of the second generation live in the peduncle; there also they hibernate and pupate.

host plants

Asteraceae, monophagous

Erigeron acris, canadensis.

From Spain also mentioned from Dittrichia viscosa; Pulicaria dysenterica; Solidago virgaurea.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

pupa

See Patočka & Turčáni.

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Hancock & Bland (2015a), Huertas Dionisio (2007a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Requena i Miret (1998a).

Cochylidia implicitana

Cochylidia implicitana (Wocke, 1856)

chamomile conch

on Asteraceae

parasite

The larva lives from autumn till spring as borer in the stem; here also the pupation.

host plants

Asteraceae, oligofaag

Achillea; Anthemis cotula; Artemisia campestris; Aster; Chrysanthemum; Gnaphalium; Matricaria chamomilla; Solidago virgaurea; Tripleurospermum inodorum, maritimum.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Body light yellow; head light brown; prothoracic plate yellowish, hind margin with two black spots or entirely darkened; see Swatschek.

pupa

See Patočka & Turčáni.

synonyms

Conchylis implicitana.

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Disqué (1905a), Hancock & Bland (2015a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Swatschek (1958a).

Eupoecilia ambiguella

Eupoecilia ambiguella (Hübner, 1796)

vine moth, european grape berry moth

polyphagous on berry bearing plants

parasite

The larvae live within the berries, feeding on the pulp and the seeds.

host plants

Acer campestre; Cornus mas, sanguinea; Frangula alnus; Hedera helix; Ligustrum; Lonicera periclymenum; Syringa x persica; Viburnum; Vitis vinifera

These are only the species that are mentioned most.

phenology

In northern Europe the species has one generation, but further to the south two or three.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Body brownish white; head an prothoracic plate blackish brown; anal plate and pinacula brown; see Swatschek.

pupa

See Patočka & Turčáni.

synonyms

Conchylis ambiguella.

notes

In regions where wine is cultivated an important pest. The larvae of the first generation spin flowers and young fruits together; later larvae bore in the fruits.

references

Abd El-Monsef Ahmed Ibrahim (2004a), Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Disqué (1905a), Hancock & Bland (2015a), Meijerman & Ulenberg (2000a), Molet & Mackesy (2014a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Swatschek (1958a).

Eupoecilia angustana

Eupoecilia angustana (Hübner, 1799)

marbled conch

polyphagous on low pants

parasite

The larvae live freely on flowers, neld together with silk, in the inflorescence, feeding on the developing fruits. Here also they hibernate and finally pupate.

host plants

Achillea millefolium; Calluna vulgaris; Origanum vulgare; Plantago; Solidago virgaurea; Thymus.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Body ± yellowish brown; head and prothoracic plate dark brown; anal plate brown; see Swatschek.

synonyms

Euxanthis angustana; Eupoecilia fasciella (Donovan, 1808).

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Disqué (1905a), Hancock & Bland (2015a), Swatschek (1958a), Wegner (2010a).

Agapeta zoegana

Agapeta zoegana (Linnaeus, 1767)

sulphur knapweed moth

on Asteraceae, Caprifoliaceae

parasite

The larva bores in the roots; there also the hibernation and pupation.

host plants

Asteraceae, Caprifoliaceae, narrowly polyphagous

Centaurea jacea, nigra, paniculata; Jurinea; Knautia arvensis; Scabiosa columbaria; Serratula tinctoria.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Body yellowish white; head ochraceous to yellowish brown, without lateral markings; prothoracic and anal plates yellowish; see Swatschek.

pupa

See Patočka & Turčáni.

synonyms

Euxanthis zoegana.

notes

Huisman ao (2005a) write that the larvae would live in the seed heads of Dipsacus fullonum; this seems to be a mistake.

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Disqué (1905a), Hancock & Bland (2015a), Huisman, Koster, van Nieukerken & Ulenberg (2005a), Muller (1989a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Requena i Miret (1998a), Swatschek (1958a).

Agapeta hamana

Agapeta hamana (Linnaeus, 758)

common yellow conch

on Carduus, Cirsium

parasite

The larvae bore in the roots; mostly there also the hibernation and pupation takes place.

host plants

Asteraceae, oligophagous

Carduus; Cirsium.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

synonyms

Euxanthis hamana.

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Disqué (1905a), Hancock & Bland (2015a), Huisman, Koster, van Nieukerken & Ulenberg (2001a), Schütze (1931a).

Gynnidomorpha alismana

Gynnidomorpha alismana (Ragonot, 1883)

water-plantain conch

on Alisma

parasite

The lava lives as a borer in the stem; there also the hibernation, in a silken cocoon, and the pupation

host plants

Alismataceae, monophagous

Alisma plantago-aquatica.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

pupa

Zie Patočka & Turčáni.

synonyms

Phalonidia alismana.

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Hancock & Bland (2015a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), De Prins, Steeman & Sierens (2016a).

Gynnidomorpha vectisana

Gynnidomorpha vectisana (Humphreys & Westwood, 1845)

small saltern conch

on Triglochin

parasite

The larvae of the first generation, in early summer, live freely in the inflorescence. Those of the autumn generation live as stem borers and hibernate in the roots; infected stems turn yellow and have straw coloured frass at their base.

host plants

Juncaginaceae, monophagous

Triglochin maritima, palustris.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

synonyms

Phalonidia vectisana.

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1873a), Hancock & Bland (2015a), Huisman & Koster (1996a), Gerstberger (2003a), Ricker (2010a), Wegner (2010a).

Gynnidomorpha minimana

Gynnidomorpha minimana (Caradja, 1916)

fen conch

on Menyanthes, Pedicularis, Triglochin

parasite

The larvae develop als borers in the stem, perhaps also in the fruits.

host plants

polyphagous

Menyanthes trifoliata; .Pedicularis palustris; Triglochin

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

synonyms

Phalonidia minimana.

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Hancock & Bland (2015a), Huisman, Koster, van Nieukerken & Ulenberg (2005a), Itämies (2011a), Triberti, Longo Turri, Adami & Zanetti (2017a) .

Phalonidia curvistrigana

Phalonidia curvistrigana (Stanton, 1859)

golden-rod conch

on Solidago

parasite

The larvae live in the flower heads, feeding on the young achenes; their presence is not very conspicuous from the outside. They hibernate in a cocoon in the litter.

host plants

Asteraceae, monophagous

Solidago virgaurea.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Body pale brown; head brown; prothoracic and anal plate paler, darkly punctuated; see Swatschek/

pupa

See Patočka & Turčáni.

synonyms

Brevisociaria, Conchylis, curvistrigana.

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Disqué (1905a), Hancock & Bland (2015a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Swatschek (1958a).

Phalonidia affinitana

Phalonidia affinitana (Douglas, 1846)

large saltmarsh conch

on sea aster

parasite

Oviposition on a flower head. The young larva for a short time lives within the head, then descends as a borer in the stem, sometimes as far as into the root.

host plants

Asteraceae, monophagous

Tripolium pannonicum subsp. tripolium (“Aster tripolium”).

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Body whitish, shortly before pupation somewhat reddish; head brown; see Swatschek.

pupa

See Patočka & Turčáni.

synonyms

Conchylis affinitana.

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Disqué (1905a), Gerstberger (2003a), Hancock & Bland (2015a), Hering (1928a), Kasy (1959a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Ricker (2010a), Sønderup (1949a), Swatschek (1958a), Szőcs (1977a), Wegner (2010a).

Phalonidia udana

Phalonidia udana (Guenée, 1845)

loosestrife conch

on Lysimachia

parasite

The larva bores in the stem; there also the hibernation, then the pupation.

host plants

Primulaceae, monophagous

Lysimachia thyrsiflora, vulgaris.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Body dirty white with five unsharp light red length lines; head, protohoracic and anal plates light brown. See Swatschek.

synonyms

Conchylis udana.

references

Disque (1905a), Fazekas (2014a), Groenen, Huisman & Doorenweerd (2013a), Hancock & Bland (2015a), Mutanen, Aarvik, Huemer ao (2012a), Swatschek (1958a).

Phalonidia manniana

Phalonidia manniana (Fischer von Röslerstamm, 1839)

water-mint conch

on Lycopus, Mentha

parasite

The larva bores in the stem; there also the hibernation and pupation.

host plants

Lamiaceae, oligophagous

Lycopus europaeus; Mentha aquatica, longifolia, x piperita.

References in the literature from Alisma plantago-aquatica; Butomus umbellatus; Inula are doubtful.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

pupa

See Patočka & Turčáni.

synonyms

Conchylis manniana.

notes

Until the study by Mutanen ao generally confused with Ph. udana.

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Disqué (1905a), Fazekas (2014a), Groenen, Huisman & Doorenweerd (2013a), Hancock & Bland (2015a), Mutanen, Aarvik, Huemer ao (2012a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Triberti, Longo Turri, Adami & Zanetti (2017a) .

Phtheochroa sodaliana

Phtheochroa sodaliana (Haworth, 1811)

buckthorn conch

on Frangula, Rhamnus

parasite

De larvae live in the berries, feeding on the seeds. They spin berries together and move from the on to the other. Infected berries darken prematurely. The larva hibernates in a cocoon among the litter.

host plants

Rhamnaceae, oligophagous

Frangula alnus; Rhamnus cathartica.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Body red, segment limits greenish; head light brown; prothoracic plate darker, hind margin darkly stippled; pinacula pale. See Hinneberg, Swatschek.

synonyms

Hysterosia sodaliana; Phtheochroa amandana Herrich-Schäffer, 1851.

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Hancock & Bland (2015a), Hinneberg (1901a), Schütze (1931a), Swatschek (1958a).

Aethes deutschiana

Aethes deutschiana (Zetterstedt, 1839)

on Bartsia

parasite

The larvae feed on the fruits, initially as borers, later from the outside. Pupation external.

host plants

Orobanchaceae, monophagous

Bartsia alpina.

That the species would live on Centaurea phrygia subsp. pseudophrygia (Bassi & Scaramozzino) is probably not anymore accepted.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

references

Bassi & Scaramozzino (1989a), Kovács & Kovács (2006a), Molau, Eriksen & Teilmann Knudsen (1989a), Taylor & Rumsey (2003a).

Aethes aurofasciana

Aethes aurofasciana (Mann, 1855)

on Gentiana

parasite

The larvae bore in the root collar, making from there blotchy mines into the leaves of the ground rosette. The leaves partly turn yellow, flowers may wilt prematurely. Pupation in the plant (Rudolf Bryner in Lepiforum, 2019)

host plants

Gentianaceae, monophagous

Gentiana acaulis, clusii.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

references

Kovács & Kovács (2006a).

Aethes kindermanniana

Aethes kindermanniana (Treitschke, 1830)

on Asteraceae

parasite

The larva lives freely on the spun flower heads, feeding on the fruits.

host plants

Asteraceae, oligophagous

Artemisia campestris; Leucanthemum vulgare; Tanacetum vulgare.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

synonyms

Conchylis kindermanniana.

larva

Body dirty grey; head blackish brown; prothoracic plate brownish, darky punctuated and with darker hind margin; anal plate brownish; see Swatschek.

references

Disqué (1905a), Farkas (2008a), Kovács & Kovács (2006a), Schütze (1931a), Swatschek (1958a).

Aethes rubigana

Aethes rubigana (Treitschke, 1830)

burdock conch

on burdock, thistles

parasite

The larva bores in the flower heads after flowering has ended, feeding on the fruits. Then it bores into a stem, awaiting the hibernation; there also the pupation.

host plants

Asteraceae, monophagous

Arctium lappa, minus; Cirsium oleraceum, vulgare.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Mody dirt yellowish white; head, prothoracic and anal plates brown; see Swatschek.

synonyms

Aethes badiana Hübner, 1822.

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Farkas (2009a), Hancock & Bland (2015a), Huisman, Koster, van Nieukerken & Ulenberg (2001a), Kovács & Kovács (2006a), Swatschek (1958a).

Aethes cnicana

Aethes cnicana (Westwood, 1854)

thistle conch

on thistles

parasite

The larva bores in the flower heads after flowering has ended, feeding on the fruits. Then it bores into a stem, awaiting the hibernation; there also the pupation.

host plants

Asteraceae, oligophagous

Carduus; Cirsium oleraceum, palustre, vulgare.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Body brownish white; head light brown; prothoracic plate brownish, hind margin darker; anal plate without markings; see Swatschek

pupa

See Patočka & Turčáni.

synonyms

Conchylis cnicana.

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Disqué (1905a), Fazekas (2008a), Hancock & Bland (2015a), Huisman, Koster, van Nieukerken & Ulenberg (2004a), Kovács & Kovács (2006a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Swatschek (1958a).

Aethes bilbaensis

Aethes bilbaensis (Rössler, 1877)

samphire conch

on Apiaceae

parasite

The larva lives freely on the umbels after flowering has ended, feeding on the fruits. Then it bores into a stem, awaiting the hibernation; there also the pupation.

host plants

Apiaceae, oligophagous

Carum carvi, verticillatum; Crithmum maritimum.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

references

Fazekas (2008a), Hancock & Bland (2015a), Kovács & Kovács (2006a), Razowski (1962a), Wullaert (2018a).

Aethes francillana

Aethes francillana (Fabricius, 1794)

long-barred yellow conch

on Apiaceae

parasite

The larva lives freely on the umbels after flowering has ended, feeding on the fruits. Then it bores into a stem, awaiting the hibernation; there also the pupation.

host plants

Apiaceae, oligophagous

Angelica sylvestris; Astydamia latifolia; Conium maculatum; Crithmum maritimum; Daucus carota; Elaeoselinum meoides; Eryngium campestre; Pastinaca sativa; Peucedanum officinale.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

pupa

See Patočka & Turčáni.

references

Baldizzone & Scalercio (2018a), Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Fazekas (2008a), Hancock & Bland (2015a), Huisman, Koster, van Nieukerken & Ulenberg (2004a), Kovács & Kovács (2006a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a) (2005a), Razowski (1962a), Wegner (2010a) .

Aethes flagellana

Aethes flagellana (Dupunchel, 1836)

on Eryngium

parasite

The descriptions of he biology are contradictory. Probably the larva lives freely on the inflorescence after flowering has ended, feeding in the fruits, then bores into the stem in anticipation of the hibernation.

host plants

Apiaceae, monofaag

Eryngium campestre.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

synonyms

Lozopera flagellana.

references

Corley, Rosete, Gonçalves ao (2016a), Disqué (1905a), Farkas (2008a), Huisman & Koster (1996a), Huisman, Koster, Muus & van Nieukerken (2013a), Huisman, Koster, van Nieukerken & Ulenberg (2004a), Kovács & Kovács (2006a), Razowski (1962a), Requena i Miret (1998a).

Aethes dilucidana

Aethes dilucidana (Stephens, 1852)

short-barred yellow conch

on hogweed, parsnip, etc.

parasite

The larvae live on the umbels after flowering has finished, feeding on the fruits.

host plants

Apiaceae, oligophagous

Heracleum sphondylium; Pastinaca sativa; Peucedanum oreoselinum.

phenology

Before hibernation the larva bores into a stem.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Farkas (2008a), Gielis, Huisman, Kuchlein ao (1985a), Hancock & Bland (2015a), Huisman, Koster, Nieukerken & Ulenberg (2003a), Kovács & Kovács (2006a), Razowski (1962a).

Aethes sanguinana

Aethes sanguinana (Treitschke, 1830)

on Eryngium

parasite

The larvae bore in the stem

host plants

Apiaceae, monophagous

Eryngium campestre.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Body dirty yellow; head, prothoracic plate, thoracic feet and stigmata black, pinaculaa black with black setae; see Swatschek.

references

Corley, Marabuto, Maravalhas ao (2008a), Farkas (2008a), Kovács & Kovács (2006a), Swatschek (1958a).

Aethes tesserana

Aethes tesserana (Denis & Schiffermüller,1775)

downland conch

on hawkweed etc.

parasite

the larvae live as root borers.

host plants

Asteraceae, oligophagous

Crepis; Helminthotheca echioides; Hieracium; Inula conyzae; Picris hieracioides.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Body yellowish white; head yellowish brown; prothoracic plate yellow; see Swatschek.

synonyms

Conchylis alcella (Fabricius, 1781).

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Disqué (1905a), Farks (2008a), Hancock & Bland (2015a), Kovács & Kovács (2006a), Swatschek (1958a).

Aethes smeathmanniana

Aethes smeathmanniana (Fabricius, 1781)

yarrow conch

on yarrow, etc.

parasite

The larvae live in a silken tube on the fruiting flower heads or umbels, feeding on the achenes.

host plants

Asteraceae, oligophagous

Achillea millefolium; Anthemis arvensis, cotula; Centaurea nigra; Lactuca sativa.

phenology

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Bost brownish grey; head blackish brown; prothoracic and anal plate brown; with dark dots; see Swatschek.

pupa

See Patočka & Turčáni.

synonyms

Conhylis smeathmanniana.

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Disqué (1905a), Fazekas (200a), Hancock & Bland (2015a), Kovács & Kovács (2006a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Swatschek (1958a).

Aethes margaritana

Aethes margaritana (Haworth, 1811)

silver coast conch

on Achillea etc.

parasite

Larvae free on the flower heads and fruits.

host plants

Asteraceae, oligophagous

Achillea millefolium; Leucanthemum vulgare; Matricaria chamomilla; Tanacetum.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Body diry greenish grey; head yellowish brown; prothoracic plate yellowish brown with dark points; see Swatschek.

pupa

See Patočka & Turčáni.

synonyms

Conchylis dipoltella (Hübner, 1813).

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Disqué (1905a), Fazekas (200a), Hancock & Bland (2015a), Huisman, Koster, Nieukerken & Ulenberg (2003a), Kovács & Kovács (2006a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Swatschek (1958a).

Aethes williana

Aethes williana (Brahm, 1791)

silver carrot conch

polyphagous

parasite

The larva bores in the lower part of the stem, from there descending into the root.

host plants

Apiaceae, Asteraceae

Daucus carota; Eryngium campestre; Ferula; Gnaphalium sylvaticum; Helichrysum arenarium.

phenology

In the UK one generation (larvae from August till April), in Hungary two.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Body yellow; head light to dark brown; prothoracic plate yellowish; anal plate with dark point; see Swatschek.

pupa

See Patočka & Turčáni

synonyms

Conchylis zephyrana (Treitschke, 1830).

notes

Sometimes a pest on Daucus.

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Disqué (1905a), Fazekas (2008a), Hancock & Bland (2015a), Huisman, Kuchlein, van Nieukerken ao (1986a), Kovács & Kovács (2006a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Swatschek (1958a).

Aethes margarotana

Aethes margarotana (Duponchel, 1836)

shore conch

on Eryngium

parasite

Larvae in the roots.

host plants

Apiaceae, monophagous

Eryngium campestre, maritimum.

phenology

Univoltine; larva from September till March.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Fazekas (2008a), Hancock & Bland (2015a), Kovács & Kovács (2006a).

Aethes piercei

Aethes piercei Obraztsov, 1952

devil’s-bit conch

on Succisa

parasite

The larvae develop in the roots.

host plants

Caprifoliaceae, monophagous

Succisa pratensis.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

synonyms

Aethes hartmanniana f. piercei.

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Fazekas (2008a,b), Hancock & Bland (2015a), Kovács & Kovács (2006a), De Prins (1981a).

Aethes hartmanniana

Aethes hartmanniana (Clerck, 1759)

scabious conch

on Knautia, Scabiosa

parasite

The larvae develop in the rootstock

host plants

Caprifoliaceae, oligophagous

Knautia arvensis; Scabiosa columbaria, ochroleuca; Succisa pratensis.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

larva

Body yellow; head light brown; prothoracic plate ± yellowish brown; pinacula conspicuous, large and dark; see Swatschek.

synonyms

Chlidonia, Conchylis, hartmanniana.

references

Bradley, Tremewan & Smith (1973a), Disqué (1905a), Fazekas (2008a,b), Hancock & Bland (2015a), Kovács & Kovács (2006a), De Prins (1981a), Swatschek (1958a).

Anguina pacificae

Anguina pacificae Cid del Prado Vera & Maggenti, 1984

on Agrostis, Poa

parasite

Green galls at the base of the stems. Many galls contained, next to nematies, a creamy mass of bacteria.

host plants

Poaceae, oligophagous

Agrostis canina; Ochlopoa annua.

distribution within Europe

Ireland.

references

Cid del Prado Vera & Maggenti (1984a), Fleming, Maule, Martin ao (2015a).

Cenopalpus scoopsetus

Cenopalpus scoopsetus Hatzinikolis & Papadoulis, 1999

on Erica

parasite

The mites are vagrants at the undersides of the leaves, without causing apparent damage.

host plants

Ericaceae, monophagous

Erica manipuliflora.

distribution within Europe

Crete.

references

Hatzinikolis & Papadoulis (1999a).

Cenopalpus arbuti

Cenopalpus arbuti Hatzinikolis & Emmanouel 1987

on Arbutus (Cercis)

Cwnopal;us arbuti

mite, dorsal view (from Hatzinikolis, Papadoulis & Panou)

parasite

The mites are vagrants at the undersides of the leaves, without causing apparent damage.

host plants

Ericaceae, ? monophagous

Arbutus unedo.

Slightly different mites found also on Cercis siliquastrum (Fabaceae)

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

references

Hatzinikolis & Emmanouel (1987a), Hatzinikolis, Papadoulis & Panou (2009a).

Dasyneuriola prolifica

Dasyneuriola prolifica Dorchin & Danon, 2019

on Suaeda

Dasyneuriola prolifica: gall on Suaeda vera

Suaeda vera, galled terminal bud (from Dorchin ao)

parasite

1-2 cm sized galling of terminal and lateral buds. Between the thickened and widened leaves live 3-30 light orange larvae. Pupation in white silken cocoons in the gall. Multivoltine.

host plants

Amaranthaceae, monophagous

Suaeda asphaltica, vera.

distribution within Europe

Canary Islands, Spain, Israel.

larva

Dasyneuriola prolifica: spatula

spatula and associated papillae (from Dorchin ao)

references

Dorchin, Danon & Dor (2019a).

Tenuipalpus punicae

Tenuipalpus punicae Pritchard & Baker, 1958

on Punica

Tenuipalpus punicae

mite, dorsal view (from Ueckermann ao)

parasite

The mites are vagrants at the undersides of the leaves, without causing apparent damage.

host plants

Lythraceae, monophagous

Punica granatum.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

references

Raissi Ardali, Hadizadeh, Mohammadi Sharif & Khanjani (2014a), Ueckermann, Palevsky, Gerson ao (2018a).

Cenopalpus lanceolatisetae

Cenopalpus lanceolatisetae (Attiah, 1956)

polyphagous

Cenopalpus lanceolatisetae

mite, dorsal view (from Ueckermann ao)

parasite

The mites are vagrants on the above-ground parts of the plant.

host plants

Alnus subcordata; Cotoneaster; Crataegus azarolus; Cydonia oblonga; Malus dometica, sylvestris; Punica granatum; Prunus armeniaca, domestica & subsp. insititia, persica, salicina; Pyrus communis.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

references

Hatzinikolis & Emmanouel (1987a), Raissi Ardali, Hadizadeh, Mohammadi Sharif & Khanjani (2014a), Ueckermann, Palevsky, Gerson ao (2018a).

Brevipalpus phoenicis

Brevipalpus phoenicis (Geijskes, 1939)

polyphagous

parasite

The mites are vagrants on all above-ground pat of the plant; the leaves may turn brown and drop, the fruits may remain small and have scabby spots.

host plants

Citrus reticulata, sinensis; Passiflora edulis; Phoenix canariensis.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

synonyms

Brevipalpus yothersi (Baker, 1949).

references

Childers, French & Rodrigues (2003a), Ueckermann, Palevsky, Gerson ao (2018a) .

Brevipalpus obovatus

Brevipalpus obovatus Donnadieu, 1875

polyphagous, mainly on Citrus

Brevipalpus obovatus

mite, dorsal view (from Ueckermann, Palevsky, Gerson ao)

parasite

The mites are vagrants at the undersides of the leaves, without causing apparent damage.

host plants

Alnus subcordata; Borago officinalis; Campsis grandiflora; Citrus; Erythrina crista-galli; Glebionis coronaria; Prunus cerasus; Pyrus communis; Rubus persicus; Smilax excelsa.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

references

Childers, French & Rodrigues (2003a), Raissi Ardali, Hadizadeh, Mohammadi Sharif & Khanjani (2014a), Ueckermann, Palevsky, Gerson ao (2018a).

Brevipalpus californicus

Brevipalpus californicus (Banks, 1904)

polyphagous, mainly on Citrus

Brevipalpus californicus

mite, dorsal view (from Ueckermann ao)

parasite

The mites are vagrants at the undersides of the leaves, can cause chlorosis, blistering, or necrotic areas.

host plants

Alnus subcordata; Citrus; Glebionis coronaria; Rubus persicus; Salix alba.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

references

Childers, French & Rodrigues (2003a), Raissi Ardali, Hadizadeh, Mohammadi Sharif & Khanjani (2014a), Ueckermann, Palevsky, Gerson ao (2018a).

Pentamerismus oregonensis

Pentamerismus oregonensis McGregor, 1949

on Cupressaceae, etc.

parasite

The mites are vagrants on the needles, without causing apparent damage.

host plants

Cupressaceae, oligophagous

Calocedrus decurrens; Juniperus communis, horizontalis, scopulorum; Platycladus orientalis.

But also Glebionis coronaria (Asteraceae)

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

references

Raissi Ardali, Hadizadeh, Mohammadi Sharif & Khanjani (2014a), Ueckermann & Ripka (2015a).

Cenopalpus adventicus

Cenopalpus adventicus Ueckermann & Ripka, 2015

on Rosmarinus

Cenopalpus adventicus

mite, dorsal view (from Ueckermann & Ripka)

parasite

The carmin mites are vagrants at the undersides of the leaves and stems, without causing apparent damage.

host plants

Lamiaceae, monophagous

Rosmarinus officinalis.

distribution within Europe

Hungary.

references

Ueckermann & Ripka (2015a).

Cenopalpus cumanicus

Cenopalpus cumanicus Ueckermann & Ripka, 2015

on Populus

Cenopalpus cumanicus

mite, dorsal view (from Ueckermann & Ripka)

parasite

The ault mites are vagrants at the undersides of the leaves, among the hair cover of the midrib; larvae mainly on the petioles and young shoots.

host plants

Salicaceae, monophagous

Populus alba, canescens.

distribution within Europe

Hungary.

references

Ueckermann & Ripka (2015a).

Acritonotus nascimentoi

Acritonotus nascimentoi Carmona, 1972

on Ruscus

Acritonotus nascimentoi

mite, lateral view (from Carmona)

parasite

The mites are vagrants at the undersides of the leaves, without causing apparent damage. The exuviae of the mites were so numerous that it created the impression of a mildew infection.

host plants

Asparagaceae, monophagous

Ruscus hypoglossum.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

references

Carmona (1972a).

Aculodes sylvatici

Aculodes sylvatici Skoracka, Labrzycka & Rector 2009

on Brachypodium

Aculodes sylvatici

mite, dorsal view (from Skoracka ao)

parasite

The mites are vagrants at the upper sides of the leaves, without causing apparent damage.

host plants

Poaceae, monophagous

Brachypodium sylvaticum.

distribution within Europe

Croati.

references

Skoracka, Labrzycka & Rector (2009a).

Aculodes festucae

Aculodes festucae Skoracka, Labrzycka & Rector 2009

on Schedonorus

Aculodes festucae

mite, dorsal view (from Skoracka ao)

parasite

The mites are vagrants at the upper sides of the leaves, without causing apparent damage.

host plants

Poaceae, monophagous

Schedonorus arundinaceus.

distribution within Europe

Croatia.

references

Skoracka, Labrzycka & Rector (2009a).

Acaralox croatiae

Acaralox croatiae Skoracka, Labrzycka & Rector, 2009

on Calamagrostis, Molinia

Acaralox croatae

mite, dorsal view (from Skoracka ao)

parasite

The mites are vagrants on the upper side of the leaves, without causing apparent damage.

host plants

Poaceae, oligophagous

Calamagrostis epigeios; Molinia caerulea.

distribution within Europe

Croatia.

references

Ripka (2015b), Skoracka, Labrzycka & Rector (2009a).

Shevtchenkella erigerivagrans

Shevtchenkella erigerivagrans (Davis, 1964)

on ? Artemisia, ? Taracacum

parasite

The mites are vagrants at the undersides of the leaves, without causing apparent damage.

host plants

Asteraceae, oligophagous

Artemisia absinthium; Taraxacum officinale.

Rather improbable combination.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

synonyms

Tegonotus erigerivagrans.

references

Boczek & Petanović (1996a), Petanović & Stanković (1999a).

Aculodes altamurgiensis

Aculodes altamurgiensis de Lillo & Vidović, 2018a

on Taeniatherium

parasite

The mites are vagrants on the plants, preferring sheltered parts of the plant, without causing apparent damage.

host plants

Poaceae, monophagous

Taeniatherum caput-medusae.

distribution within Europe

Italy.

references

de Lillo, Vidović, Petanović ao (2018a).

Nalepella danica

Nalepella danica Boczek, Harding & Shi, 22002

on Abies

parasite

The mites are vgrans on the needles; at high densities bronzing and loss of needles.

host plants

Pinaceae, monophagous

Abies alba, concolor, lasiocarpa.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

references

Kiedrowicz, Lewandowski & Skoracka (2016a), Lewandowksi (2014a).

Acaricalus juniperi

Acaricalus juniperi Szulc, 1967

on Juniperus

Acaricalus juniperi

mite, dorsal view (from Szulc)

parasite

The mites are vagrants on the needles at the base of th berries, without causing apparent damage.

host plants

Cupressaceae, monophagous

Juniperus communis.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

references

Kiedrowicz, Lewandowski & Skoracka (2016a), Skoracka, Lewandowski & Boczek (2005a), Szulc (1967a).

Epitrimerus knautiae

Epitrimerus knautiae Liro, 1942

on Knautia

parasite

The mites are vagrants at the undersides of the leaves, without causing apparent damage.

host plants

Caprifoliaceae, monophagous

Knautia arvensis.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

synonyms

Leipothrix knautiae.

references

Boczek & Petanović (1996a), Farkas (1965a), Liro (1942a), Petanović (2001b), Petanović & Rector (2007a), Skoracka, Lewandowski & Boczek (2005a).

Aculodes mckenziei

Aculodes mckenziei (Keifer, 1944)

on grasses

parasite

The mites are vagrants on the leaves, without causing apparent damage.

host plants

Poaceae, broadly oligophagous

Agrostis capillaris, gigantea, stolonifera; Alopecurus pratensis; Anisantha sterilis, tectorum; Apera spica-venti; Arrhenatherum elatius; Avenula pubescens; Bromopsis erecta, inermis; Bromus hordeaceus, racemosus; Calamagrostis epigeios; Dactylis glomerata;Elytrigia repens Festuca ovina, rubra; Festulolium braunii; Holcus lanatus; Lolium multiflorum, perenne; Phalaroides arundinacea; Phleum pratense; Poa pratensis, trivialis; Puccinellia capillaris; Schedonorus arundinaceus, pratensis; Trisetum flavescens; Triticum aestivum.

Records from Mentha longifolia; Rumex crispus may concern strays.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

references

Boczek & Petanović (1996a), Jočić & Petanović (2012a), Petanović & Stanković (1999a), Rector, Czarnoleski, Skoracka & Lembicz (2016a), Ripka (2007a), Roskam (2019a), Skoracka, Lewandowski & Boczek (2005a).

Leipothrix menthae

Leipothrix menthae Jočić, Petanović & Vidovic, 2011

on Mentha

Leipothrix menthae

mite, dorsal view (from Jočić ao).

parasite

The mites are vagrants at the undersides of the leaves, without causing apparent damage.

host plants

Lamiaceae, monophagous

Mentha x piperita.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

references

Jočić & Petanović (2012a), Jočić, Petanović & Vidović (2011a).

Aculus arzakanensis

Aculus arzakanensis (Bagdasarian, 1970)

on Juglans

parasite

The mites are vagrants at the undersides of the leaves, without causing apparent damage.

host plants

Juglandaceae, monophagous

Juglans regia.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

synonyms

Vasates meghriensis Bagdasarian, 1970.

references

Petanović & Stanković (1999a), Skoracka, Lewandowski & Boczek (2005a) .

Phakopsora ziziphi-vulgaris

Phakopsora ziziphi-vulgaris Dietel, 1910

on Zizyphus

parasite

Uredinia and telia, both tiny, hypophyllous. Uredinia with hyaline, 30-40 µm long paraphyses; spores pale yellow, 12-17 x 17-25 µm. Teliospores in 2-5 layers, yellowish brown, 6-10 x 10-18 µm.

host plants

Rhamnaceae, monophagous

Ziziphus spina-christi.

references

Savchenko, Heluta, Wasser & Nevo (2014c), Savchenko, Wasser, Heluta & Nevo (2019a).

Phakopsora pachyrhizi

Phakopsora pachyrhizi Sydow & Sydow, 1914

Asian soybean rust

on Glycine

parasite

Only uredinia (telia are unknown in Europe). They are hypophyllous, small, rust-coloured, bearing paraphyses. Spores yellowish brown, 16-24 x 18-38 µm, densely echinulate.

host plants

Fabaceae, monophagous

Glycine max.

references

Savchenko, Heluta, Wasser & Nevo (2014c), Savchenko, Wasser, Heluta & Nevo (2019a.

Aculops ballotae

Aculops ballotae (Farkas, 1963)

on Ballota

parasite

The mites are vagrants at the undersides of the leaves, without causing apparent damage.

host plants

Lamiaceae, monophagous

Ballota nigra.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

synonyms

Vasates ballotae.

references

Boczek & Petanović (1996a), Farkas (1963a, 1965a), Petanović & Stanković (1999a), Ripka (2007a).

Rhyncaphytoptus capreae

Rhyncaphytoptus capreae Liro, 1942

on Salix

parasite

The mites are vagrants at the undersides of the leaves, without causing apparent damage.

host plants

Salicaceae, monophagous

Salix caprea, cinerea, silesiaca.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

references

Farkas (1965a), Jočić & Petanović (2012a), Liro (1942a), Petanović & Stanković (1999a), Ripka (2007a), Roivainen (1947a, 1951a), Skoracka, Lewandowski & Boczek (2005a).

Aculops undulatus

Aculops undulatus (Roivainen 1947)

on Salix

parasite

The mites are vagrants at the undersides of the leaves, without causing apparent damage.

host plants

Salicaceae, monophagous

Salix cinerea, phylicifolia, repens.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

synonyms

Phyllocoptes, Vasates, undulatus.

references

Farkas (1965a), Roivainen (1947a, 1950a, 1951a).

Caeoma origani

Caeoma origani Savchenko, Heluta, Wasser & Nevo 2014

on Origanum

parasite

Uredinia of an unknown Coleosporium species. They are amphigenous, pulverulent, bright orange. Spores verrucose, 20-28 x 21-36 µm.

host plants

Lamiaceae, monophagous

Origanum syriacum.

references

Savchenko, Heluta, Wasser & Nevo (2014c), Savchenko, Wasser, Heluta & Nevo (2019a).

Aculus tibialis

Aculus tibialis (Liro, 1943)

on Hippophae

parasite

The mites are vagrants at the undersides of the leaves under the stellate hairs, without causing apparent damage.

host plants

Elaeagnaceae, monophagous

Hippophae rhamnoides.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

synonyms

Vasates tibialis.

references

Denizhan, Monfreda, de Lillo & Çobanoglu (2008a), Farkas (1965a), Roivainen (1951a).

Phyllocoptes balasi

Phyllocoptes balasi Farkas, 1962

on Sanguisorba

parasite

The mites are vagrants at the undersides of the leaves, without causing apparent damage.

host plants

Rosaceae, monophagous

Sanguisorba minor & subsp. balearica, officinalis.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

references

Boczek & Petanović (1996a), Farkas (1965a), Petanović (1998a), Petanović & Stanković (1999a), Ripka (2007a, 2009b).

Anthocoptes rubi

Anthocoptes rubi Domes, 1962

on Rubus

Anthocoptes rubi

mite, dorsal and lateral view (from Domes)

parasite

The mites are vagrants at the undersides of the leaves, without causing apparent damage.

host plants

Rosaceae, monophagous

Rubus bifrons, caesius, canescens, idaeus.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

references

Boczek & Petanović (1996a), Domes (1962a), Petanović (1998a), Petanović & Stanković (1999a), Skoracka, Lewandowski & Boczek (2005a).

Aculus sarothamni

Aculus sarothamni Boczek, 1961

on Cytisus

parasite

The mites are vagrants at the undersides of the leaves, without causing apparent damage.

host plants

Fabaceae, monophagous

Cytisus austriacus, scoparius.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

synonyms

Vasates sarothamni.

references

Boczek (1961a), Farkas (1965a), Petanović (1998a), Skoracka, Lewandowski & Boczek (2005a).

Tetra durmitorensis

Tetra durmitorensis Petanović & Boczek, 1992

on Arctostaphylos

Tetra durmitorensis

mite, dorsal view (from Petanović & Boczek(

parasite

The mites are vagrants at the undersides of the leaves, without causing apparent damage.

host plants

Ericaceae, monophagous

Arctostaphylos alpinus, uva-ursi.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

references

Jočić & Petanović (2012a), Petanović & Boczek (1992a), Petanović & Stanković (1999a).

Aculus unctus

Aculus unctus Boczek, 1964

on Populus

parasite

The mites are vagrants at the undersides of the leaves, without causing apparent damage.

host plants

Salicaceae, monophagous

Populus tremula.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

references

Jočić & Petanović (2012a), Petanović & Stanković (1999a), Skoracka, Lewandowski & Boczek (2005a).

Aculops niloticus

Aculops niloticus Abou-Awad, 1980

on Mentha

parasite

The mites are vagrants at the undersides of the leaves, without causing apparent damage.

host plants

Lamiaceae, monophagous

Mentha spicata.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

synonyms

Vasates niloticus.

references

Boczek & Petanović (1996a), Jočić & Petanović (2012a), Petanović & Stanković (1999a).

Aculops euphorbiae

Aculops euphorbiae (Petanović, 1991)

on Euphorbia

parasite

The mites are vagrants at the undersides of the leaves, without causing apparent damage.

host plants

Euphorbiaceae, monophagous

Euphorbia cyparissias. nicaeensis & subsp. glareosa, seguieriana, spinosa, .

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

synonyms

Vasates euphorbiae.

references

Boczek & Petanović (1996a), Jočić & Petanović (2012a), Petanović & de Lillo (1993a), Petanović & Stanković (1999a).

Aculus calcarifer

Aculus calcarifer (Liro, 1943)

on Tussilago

parasite

The mites are vagrants at the undersides of the leaves, without causing apparent damage.

host plants

Asteraceae, monophagous

Tussilago farfara.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

synonyms

Eriophyes calcarifer.

references

Farkas (1965a), Ripka (2007a, Roivainen (1947a, 1950a), Skoracka, Lewandowski & Boczek (2005a).

Aculus pimpinellae

Aculus pimpinellae (Liro, 1941)

on Pimpinella

De mijten leven vrij aan de onderkant van de bladeren, zonder herkenbare schade te veroorzaken.

parasite

The mites are vagrants at the undersides of the leaves, without causing apparent damage.

host plants

Apiaceae, monophagous

Pimpinella saxifraga, tragium.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

synonyms

Phyllocoptes, Vasates, pimpinellae.

references

Farkas (1965a), Jočić & Petanović (2012a), Petanović & Stanković (1999a, Roivainen (1947a, 1950a, 1951a), Skoracka, Lewandowski & Boczek (2005a).

Aculops arianus

Aculops arianus (Nalepa, 1893)

on Cotoneaster, Sorbus

parasite

Mites are vagrants on the leaves, but according to Farkas alos in pock galls.

host plants

Rosaceae, oligophagous

Cotoneaster integerrimus; Sorbus aria, hybrida.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

synonyms

Vasates arianus.

references

Farkas (1965a), Jočić & Petanović (2012a), Petanović & Stanković (1999a), Roivainen (1950a, 1951a).

Eriophyes parabuxi

Eriophyes parabuxi Keifer, 1964

on Buxus

De mijten leven vrij aan de onderkant van de bladeren, zonder herkenbare schade te veroorzaken.

parasite

The mites are vagrants at the undersides of the leaves, without causing apparent damage.

host plants

Buxaceae, monophagous

Buxus sempervirens.

distribution within Europe

North American species; the occurrence in the nature of Europe is questionable.

references

Pye & Ostojá-Starzewski (2009a) .

Aculops benakii

Aculops benakii (Hatzinikolis, 1969)

on Olea

Aculops benakii

mite, lateral view (from Hatzinikolis)

parasite

The mites live at the undersides of the leaves, protected by the stellate hairs. Yellow leaf spots develop, where the stellate hairs have been dropped.

host plants

Oleaceae, monophagous

Olea europaea.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

synonyms

Aculus benakii.

references

Hatzinikolis (1969a), Kapaxidi (2013a), Nuzzaci & Parenzan (1983a), Shahini, Kullaj, Çakalli & de Lillo (2009a), Vidović & Petanović (2008a).

Shevtchenkella oleae

Shevtchenkella oleae (Natcheff, 1966)

on Olea

parasite

The mites are vagrants on the leaves; at high densities malformations of the leaves, russeting and leaf drop may occur.

host plants

Oleaceae, monophagous

Olea europaea.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

synonyms

Tegolophus oleae.

references

Nuzzaci & Parenzan (1983a), Vidović & Petanović (2008a).

Shevtchenkella barensis

Shevtchenkella barensis Vidović & Petanović, 2008

on Olea

Shevtchenkella barensis Shevtchenkella barensis

mite, dorsal and lateral view (from Vidović & Petanović)

gall

The mites cause irregularly lobed margins with humping and curving of the rachis of young leaves. Fully formed leaves are spotted with lighter green hollows on upper side with corresponding chlorotic protuberances on underside

host plants

Oleaceae, monophagous

Olea europaea.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

references

Jočić & Petanović (2012a), Vidović & Petanović (2008a).

Rhyncaphytoptus pauciannulatus

Rhyncaphytoptus pauciannulatus Liro, 1943

on Cotoneaster

parasite

The mites are vagrants at the undersides of the leaves, without causing apparent damage.

host plants

Rosaceae, monophagous

Cotoneaster horizontalis, integerrimus, melanocarpus, salicifolius, tomentosus.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

references

Denizhan, Monfreda, de Lillo & Çobanoğlu (2015a), Farkas (1965a), Jočić & Petanović (2012a), Petanović & Stanković (1999a).

Tetra concava

Tetra concava (Keifer, 1939)

on elm

parasite

The mites are vagrants at the upper sides of the leaves, without causing apparent damage.

host plants

Ulmaceae, monophagous

Ulmus “campestris”, minor, procera.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

references

Denizhan (2011a), Denizhan, Monfreda, de Lillo & Çobanoğlu (2015a), Farkas (1965a), de Lillo (1997a), Ripka (2007a).

Metaculus lepidifolii

Metaculus lepidifolii Monfreda & de Lillo, 2012

on Lepidium

parasite

The mites are vagrants at the undersides of the leaves; the plants may become stunted, the flowers discoloured, the leaves strongly malformed.

host plants

Brassicaceae, monophagous

Lepidium latifolium.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

references

Denizhan, Monfreda, de Lillo & Çobanoğlu (2015a), Monfreda & de Lillo (2012a).

Anthocoptes loricatus

Anthocoptes loricatus (Nalepa, 1889)

on Coeylus

parasite

The mites are vagrants at the undersides of the leaves, without causing apparent damage.

host plants

Betulaceae, monophagous

Corylus avellana.

Mentioned by Ripka also from Ulmus “campestris”, laevis.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2019).

references

Denizhan, Monfreda, de Lillo & Çobanoğlu (2015a), Farkas (1965a), Ripka (2007a, Skoracka, Lewandowski & Boczek (2005a).