Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Cerambyx scopolii parasite

Cerambyx scopolii Fuessly, 1775 on broadleaved trees parasite Larvae bore, usually ibn dead wood, but occasionally in living branches. host plants polyphagous Acer; Betula; Carpinus; Castanea; Corylus; Fagus; Juglans; Malus; Ostrya; Populus; Prunus; Quercus; Salix; Syringa; Tilia; Ulmus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Compte-Sart & Carreras-Torrent (2018a), Hellrigl (2010c), Misud (2002a), Tăuşan & Bucşa […]

Vadonia imitatrix parasite

Vadonia imitatrix Daniel, 1891 on Knautia, Scabiosa parasite Larvae in the roots. host plants Caprifoliaceae, oligophagous Knautia; Scabiosa. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Adlbauer & Egger (1997a).

Vadonia unipunctata parasite

Vadonia unipunctata (Fabricius, 1797) on Knautia, Scabiosa parasite Larvae in the roots. host plants Caprifoliaceae, oligophagous Knautia; Scabiosa. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Adlbauer & Egger (1997a), Adlbauer & Hölzer (2002a).

Vadonia bipunctata parasite

Vadonia bipunctata (Fabricius, 1791) on Knautia, Scabiosa parasite Larvae in the roots. host plants Caprifoliaceae, oligophagous Knautia; Scabiosa. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Adlbauer & Egger (1997a.

Dichagyris endemica parasite

Dichagyris endemica Fibiger, Svendsen & Nilsson, 1999 on Jurinea parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Jurinea cypria. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Pyrgus. references

Dichagyris imperator parasite

Dichagyris imperator (Bang-Haas, 1912) on Zygophyllum parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Zygophyllaceae, monophagous Zygophyllum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). synonyms Ochropleura alcarriensis Calle & Agenjo, 1981. references Fibiger, Moberg & Yela (1985a), Kravchenko, Fibiger, Mooser & Muller (2006a).

Dichagyris forcipula parasite

Dichagyris forcipula (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) on herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Atriplex; Galium; Rumex. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Pyrgus. synonyms Ygoga forcipula. references Dapporto (1998a), Lepiforum (2021), Pyrgus (2021).

Dichagyris musiva parasite

Dichagyris musiva (Hübner, 1803) on herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Cichorium intybus; Galium mollugo; Picris. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Pyrgus. synonyms Albocosta musiva. references Ebert (ed., 1998a), Lepiforum (2021), Pyrgus (2021).

Agapanthia maculicornis parasite

Agapanthia maculicornis (Gyllenhal, 1817) on herbs parasite Larvae in the stems. host plants polyphagous Campanula glomerata; Helianthus annuus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Kovács (1997a) , Sláma (1998a).

Vadonia steveni parasite

Vadonia steveni (Sperck, 1835) on Euphorbia parasite Larvae in the roots. host plants Euphorbiaceae, monophagous Euphorbia seguieriana. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Adlbauer & Egger (1997a), Kovács (1997a).

Vadonia parasite

Lasionycta staudingeri parasite

Lasionycta staudingeri (Aurivillus, 1891) on Empetrum parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Empetrum, monophagous Empetrum nigrum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Crabo & Lafontaine (2009a).

Lasionycta secedens parasite

Lasionycta secedens (Walker, 1858) on Vaccinium, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous, preferably Vaccinium vitis-idaea. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Crabo & Lafontaine (2009a).

Lasionycta skraelingia parasite

Lasionycta skraelingia (Herrich-Schäffer, 1852) on kruiden parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Betula nana; Polygonum aviculare; Vaccinium uliginosum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Crabo & Lafontaine (2009a).

Lasionycta parasite

Eriopygini parasite

Dichagyris flammatra parasite

Dichagyris flammatra (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) black collar on Jurinea, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous, mostly found on Jurinea cypria. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Pyrgus. synonyms Basistriga flammatra. references Ebert (ed., 1998a) , Kravchenko, Fibiger, Mooser & Muller (2006a); Lepiforum (2021), Pyrgus (2021).

Dichagyris parasite

Axylia putris parasite

Axylia putris Linnaeus, 1761) flame on herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Atriplex; Clematis vitalba; Galium; Plantago; Polygonum; Rumex; Sonchus; Stellaria. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Dolinskaya & Gerya, Lepiforum, Pyrgus. references Dolinskaya & Geryak (2010a), Ebert (ed., 1998a), Koren, Vukotić & Črne (2015a), Lepiforum (2021), Pyrgus […]

Axylia parasite

Pachetra sagittigera parasite

Pachetra sagittigera (Hufnagel, 1766) feathered ear on grasses, herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Achillea millefolium; Brachypodium sylvaticum; Corynephorus canescens; Cytisus scoparius; Dactylis glomerata; Digitalis purpurea; Hieracium; Ochlopoa annua; Poa nemoralis; Senecio; Teucrium; Verbascum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Pyrgus. references Andújar Tomás, Gómez Ladrón de […]

Pachetra parasite

Cerambyx dux parasite

Cerambyx dux (Faldermann, 1837) on broadleaved trees parasite Larvae bore in the wood of living or moribund trees. host plants polyphagous Crataegus; elaeagnus; Prunus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Sharaf (2010a), Tăuşan & Bucşa (2010a).

Cerambyx carinatus parasite

Cerambyx carinatus Küster, 1846 on Prunus, etc. parasite Larvae bore in the wood of living trees. host plants Rosaceae, oligophagous Prunus avium; Pyrus spinosa. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Kovács (2015a), Misud (2002a), Tezcan & Rejzek (2002a).

Saperda punctata parasite

Saperda punctata (Linnaeus, 1767) on Ulmus parasite Larvae bore in the wood of declining trees. host plants Ulmaceae, monophagous Ulmus. Occasionally Quercus; Tilia. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Feldtrauer & Feldtrauer (2011b), Kovács (1997a), Misud (2002a).

Cerambyx nodulosus parasite

Cerambyx nodulosus Germar, 1817 on Malus, Pyrus, etc. parasite Larvae bore in the wood of living trees. host plants polyphagous Acer; Crataegus; Malus; Pyrus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Misud (2002a), Tăuşan & Bucşa (2010a), Tezcan & Rejzek (2002a) .

Cerambyx miles parasite

Cerambyx miles Bonelli 1812 on Quercus, etc. parasite Larvae bore in the trunk of living trees. host plants polyphagous Carpinus; Crataegus; Malus; Prunus; Pyrus; Quercus; Vitis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Hellrigl (2010c), Misud (2002a).

Cerambyx welensii parasite

Cerambyx welensii Küster, 1846 on Quercus, etc. parasite Larvae bore in the stem of living trees. host plants Fagaceae, ± monophagous Quercus ilex. Rarely Ceratonia; Platanus distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Misud (2002a), Tăuşan & Bucşa (2010a).

Cerambyx cerdo parasite

Cerambyx cerdo Linnaeus 1758 great capricorn beetle on Quercus, etc. parasite Larvae bore, initially below the bark, later deeper in the wood of free-standing, living but weakened old oaks. host plants polyphagous Castanea sativa; Fagus sylvatica; Fraxinus excelsior; Juglans regia; Platanus; Prunus; Quercus iiex, pubescens, petraea, robur, suber; Salix; Ulmus. Predominantly oaks. distribution within Europe […]

Septoria menyanthis parasite

Septoria menyanthis Desmazières, 1853 on Menyanthes Menyanthes trifoliata, Belgium, prov. Antwerp, Mol, de Maat, 16.ix.2021 © Carina Van Steenwinkel: leaf spots detail (upper side) with pycnidia pycnidium with extruded spore mass spores 1.5-2.5 x 30-65 µm, (1-)3(-5) septate. host plants Menyanthaceae, monophagous Menyanthes trifoliata. references Brandenburger (1985a: 495).

Cerambyx parasite

Tholera decimalis parasite

Tholera decimalis (Poda, 1761) feathered gothic on grasses parasite Larvae at the root collar. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Elytrigia repens; Festuca ovina; Lolium perenne. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Pyrgus. references Ebert (ed., 1998a), Lepiforum (2021), Peslier (2002a), Pyrgus (2021).

Tholera cespitis parasite

Tholera cespitis (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) hedge rustic on grasses parasite Larvae at the root collar. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Brachypodium pinnatum; Bromopsis erecta; Dactylis glomerata; Deschampsia cespitosa; Elytrigia repens. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Pyrgus. references Ebert (ed., 1998a), Lepiforum (2021), Peslier (2002a) , Pyrgus (2021).

Tholera parasite

Cerapteryx graminis parasite

Cerapteryx graminis (Linnaeus, 1758) antler moth on “grasses” parasite Larvae at the root collar. host plants restricted polyphagous Agrostis capillaris, stolonifera; Avenella flexuosa; Carex nigra; Deschampsia cespitosa; Molinia caerulea. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Pyrgus. references Ebert (ed., 1998a), Graveland & Berris (1988a), Lepiforum (2021)., Peslier (2002a, Pyrgus (2021).

Cerapteryx parasite

Tholerini parasite

Egira conspicillaris parasite

Egira conspicillaris (Linnaeus, 1758) silver cloud on herbs, shrubs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Acer; Artemisia; Cytisus ruthenicus, scoparius; Genista tinctoria; Lotus; Polygonum; Prunus spinosa; Rumex; Securigera varia; Tilia; Ulmus minor. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Pyrgus. references Dapporto (1998a), Ebert (ed., 1998a), Koren, Vukotić & […]

Egira parasite

Panolis flammea parasite

Panolis flammea (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) pine beauty on Pinus, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the neeedles. host plants Pinaceae, oligophagous Abies alba; Picea abies; Pinus nigra, sylvestris. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Pyrgus. references Bertaccini (2008a), Ebert (ed., 1998a), Koren, Vukotić & Črne (2015a), Lepiforum (2021), Peslier (2002a), Pyrgus […]

Panolis parasite

Agapanthiola leucaspis parasite

Agapanthiola leucaspis (Steven, 1817) on herbs parasite Larvae in the stems. host plants polyphagous Achillea millefolium, salicifolia; Ballota nigra; Campanula sibirica; Cannabis sativa; Carduus; Cephalaria transsylvanica; Cichorium; Cirsium arvense; Echinops sphaerocephalus; Erigeron; Euphorbia; Hieracium; Matricaria; Melilotus officinalis; Picris; Potentilla “sibirica”; Salvia dumetorum; Scabiosa ochroleuca; Silene multiflora; Sonchus oleraceus; Veronica longifolia; Vincetoxicum hirundinaria. distribution within Europe […]

Agapanthiola parasite

Agapanthia dahli parasite

Agapanthia dahli (Richter, 1821) on thistles parasite Larvae in the stems. host plants Asteraceae, oligophagous Artemisia; Carduus acanthoides, nutans; Cirsium vulgare; Onopordum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Hellrigl (2010c),Kovács (1997a), Sláma (1998a).

Agapanthia cynarae parasite

Agapanthia cynarae (Gyllenhal, 1817) on thistles parasite Larvae in the stems. host plants Asteraceae, oligophagous Carduus pycnocephalus; Cirsium; Cynara; Onopordum. Also mentioned from Acanthus; Aconitum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Misud (2002a), Sláma (1998a).

Opsilia molybdaena parasite

Opsilia molybdaena (Dalman, 1817) on Cerinthe, etc. parasite Larvae in the stengels. host plants Boraginaceae, oligophagous Aegonychon purpurocaeruleum; Cerinthe; Cynoglossum; Lithospermum. References to Chrysanthemum; Papaver rhoeas seem dubious. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). synonyms Phytoecia molybdaena. references Kovács (1997a), Sláma (1998a).

Opsilia uncinata parasite

Opsilia uncinata (Redtenbacher, 1842) on Cerinthe, etc. parasite Larvae in the stems. host plants Boraginaceae, oligophagous Cerinthe; Lithospermum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). synonyms Phytoecia uncinata. references Sláma (1998a).

Oberea moravica parasite

Oberea moravica Kratochvíl, 1989 on Euphorbia parasite Larvae in the stems. host plants Euphorbiaceae, monophagous Euphorbia lucida, palustris. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Sláma (1998a).

Ephedromyia debilopalpis parasite

Ephedromyia debilopalpis Marikovskij, 1953 on Ephedra gall Larvae cause lengthwise spherical, orange coloured swelling on the twig. It is 5–15 mm long, 4–8 mm mm broad, with thin wall. host plants Ephedraceae, monophagous Ephedra. distribution within Europe Russia. references Gagné & Jaschhof (2021a), Skuhravá & Skuhravý (2021a: 97).

Ephedromyia parasite

Lasioptera turcica parasite

Lasioptera turcica Möhn, 1968 on Echinophora gall Larvae in small stem gall. host plants Apiaceae, monophagous Echinophora tournefortii. distribution within Europe Turkey. references Skuhravá, Bayram, Çam, Tezcan & Can (2005a), Skuhravá & Skuhravý (2021a: 96).

Anorthoa munda parasite

Anorthoa munda (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) twin-spotted quaker on broadleaved trees parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Betula pendula; Carpinus betulus; Corylus avellana; Fagus sylvatica; Fraxinus excelsior; Lonicera xylosteum; Lonicera xylosteum; Prunus serotina, spinosa; Quercus petraea, robur; Rubus idaeus; Salix caprea; Syringa vulgaris; Tilia platyphyllos; Ulmus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, […]

Anorthoa parasite

Orthosia gracilis parasite

Orthosia gracilis (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) powdered quaker on herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Artemisia vulgaris; Betula pendula; Cirsium arvense; Epilobium; Filipendula; Fragaria ananassa; Geranium; Hypericum hirsutum, perforatum; Lysimachia punctata, vulgaris; Medicago sativa; Populus tremula; Prunus spinosa; Rosa; Rubus caesius, fruticosus; Rumex; Salix caprea, puprurea; Sambucus ebulus; Trifolium pratense. distribution […]

Orthosia cerasi parasite

Orthosia cerasi (Fabricius, 1775) common quaker on broadleaved trees parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Acer campestre, monspessulanum, platanoides, pseudoplatanus; Arbutus unedo; Betula; Carpinus betulus; Corylus avellana; Crataegus monogyna; Fagus sylvatica; Populus gileadensis, tremula; Prunus avium, domestica, spinosa; Pyrus communis; Quercus faginea, ilex, petraea, rubur, suber; Rubus idaeus; Salix alba, caprea, x […]

Orthosia populeti parasite

Orthosia populeti (Fabricius, 1775) lead-coloured drab on Populus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Salicaceae, monophagous Populus alba, x canadensis, nigra, tremula. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Pyrgus. references Ebert (ed., 1998a), Lepiforum (2021), Peslier (2002a), Pyrgus (2021).

Musaria affinis parasite

Musaria affinis (Harrer, 1784) on Laserpitium, etc. parasite Larvae in the stems. host plants Apiaceae, oligophagous Bupleurum; Chaerophyllum aromaticum; Laserpitium; Pastinaca; Peucedanum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). synonyms Phytoecia affinis (Voet, 1778 nec DeGeer, 1775). references Funke (1996a), Hellrigl (2010c), Sláma (1998a), Szczepański & Szczepański (2019a).

Oberea euphorbiae parasite

Oberea euphorbiae (Germar, 1813) on Euphorbia parasite Larvae, solitary. in the stems; pupation in the root collar. host plants Euphorbiaceae, monophagous Euphorbia palustris. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Fabbri (1999a), Hellrigl (2010c), Kovács (1997a), Sláma (1998a).

Oberea oculata parasite

Oberea oculata (Linnaeus, 1758) eyed longhorn beetle on Salix parasite Larvae tunnel in branches and stem of living trees. host plants Salicaceae, monophagous Salix alba, caprea, cinberea, daphnoides subsp. acutifolia, x fragilis, pentandra, triandra, viminalis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Hellrigl (2010c), Jørum Pedersen 1995a, Sláma (1998a), Vitali (2018a).

Saperda carcharias parasite

Saperda carcharias (Linnaeus, 1758) poplar borer on Populus parasite Larvae tunnel in stem and branches of living trees. The galleries become almost finger-thick and several decimeters long. host plants Salicaceae, monophagous Populus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Hellrigl (2010c).

Saperda similis parasite

Saperda similis Laicharting 1784

Asphondylia clinopodiiflorae parasite

Asphondylia clinopodiiflorae Fedotova, 2003 on Clinopodium gall Larvae and pupae in the galled flower buds. host plants Lamiaceae, monophagous Clinopodium vulgare. phenology Univoltine. distribution within Europe European Russia. references Skuhravá & Skuhravý (2021a: 81).

Asphondylia nepetae parasite

Asphondylia nepetae Viggiani, 2018 on Clinopodium gal Larvae in thr galled flowers bods. host plants Lamiaceae, monophagous Clinopodium nepeta. phenology Multivoltine; hibernation as pupa in a galll distribution within Europe Italy, Croatia. references Skuhravá & Skuhravý (2021a: 81).

Orthosia opima parasite

Orthosia opima ([Hübner, 1809) northern drab on Salix, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Alnus; Berberis thunbergii; Betula; Calluna; Cytisus scoparius; Quercus; Salix caprea; ? Sanguisorba officinalis; Trifolium; Vaccinium. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Pyrgus. references Ebert (ed., 1998a), Koren, Vukotić & Črne (2015a), Lepiforum (2021), […]

Orthosia cruda parasite

Orthosia cruda (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) small quaker on Quercus, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Acer; Betula; Carpinus betulus; Crataegus; Fagus sylvatica; Lonicera; Malus domestica; Populus; Prunus domestica, spinosa; Quercus cerris, frainetto, infectoria, petraea, robur, rotundifolia; Rubus fruticosus, idaeus; Salix caprea; Tilia tomentosa; Trifolium alpestre; Ulmus. distribution within Europe PESI […]

Orthosia gothica parasite

Orthosia gothica (Linnaeus, 1758) hebrew character on broadleaved trees, herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Acer campestre; Aesculus hippocastanum; Alliaria petiolata; Alnus glutinosa, incana; Anthriscus caucalis; Artemisia; Betula; Calluna vulgaris; Carpinus betulus; Castanea sativa; Cerastium fontanum subsp. vulgare; Corylus avellana; Crataegus; Filipendula; Fragaria ananassa; Frangula alnus; Galium; Genista; Geum aleppicum; Populus; […]

Orthosia incerta parasite

Orthosia incerta (Hufnagel, 1766) clouded drab on broadleaved trees parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Alnus; Betula pendula; Cotoneaster dammeri; Crataegus monogyna; Fraxinus; Lonicera xylosteum; Populus alba, x canadensis, tremula; Prunus spinosa; Quercus pyrenaica, robur; Salix caprea, viminalis; Tilia; Ulmus; Vaccinium myrtillus, uliginosum; Viburnum opulus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, […]

Hydrellia tarsata parasite

Hydrellia tarsata Haliday, 1839 on Stratiotes mine Mine in the leaves both above and below the water; more details are not known. Puparium within the mine. host plants Hydrocharitaceae, monophagous Stratiotes aloides. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Kahanpää & Zatwarnick (2015a), Katzenberger & Zacharias (2015a), Przhiboro (2005a).

Rosenscheldia abundans parasite

Rosenscheldia abundans (Dobrozrakova) Petrak, 1941 on Prunella Prunella vulgaris, Scotland, E Ross, Blackmuir Wood, 17.xi.2019 © Murdo Macdonald, det. Bruce Ing detail parasite Globular, black, ± 0.3 mm sized pseudothecia, grouped in elongate stromata, that erupt through the epidermis of the stems. host plants Lamiaceae, monophagous Prunella vulgaris. references Ellis & Ellis (1997a).

Rosenscheldia parasite

Mythimna languida parasite

Mythimna languida (Walker, 1858) on grasses parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Hyparrhenia hirta; Phragmites australis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Pyrgus. references Kravchenko, Fibiger, Mooser, ao (2007a), Lepiforum (2021), Pyrgus (2021).

Mythimna riparia parasite

Mythimna riparia (Rambur, 1829) on grasses parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Calamagrostis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Pyrgus. synonyms Aletia riparia. references Dapporto (1998a), Koren, Vukotić & Črne (2015a), Kravchenko, Fibiger, Mooser, ao (2007a), Lepiforum (2021), Pyrgus (2021).

Mythimna prominens parasite

Mythimna prominens (Walker, 1856) on grasses parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Lolium multiflorum; Piptatherum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Bella, Parenzan & Russo (2009a).

Mythimna litoralis parasite

Mythimna litoralis (Curtis, 1827) shore wainscot on Ammophila parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, monophagous Ammophila arenaria. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Pyrgus. references Bentley (2008a), Huertas Dionisio (2007a), Lepiforum (2021), Pyrgus (2021).

Mythimna unipuncta parasite

Mythimna unipuncta (Haworth, 1809) rice armyworm on grasses, cereals parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Arundo donax; Avena sativa; Hordeum; Oryza; Triticum; Zea mays. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Pyrgus. synonyms Pseudaletia unipuncta. references Andújar Tomás, Gómez Ladrón de Guevara & Ruano Marco (1985a), Ebert (ed., […]

Mythimna favicolor parasite

Mythimna favicolor (Barrett, 1896) Mathew’s wainscot on salt-grasses parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Agrostis stolonifera; Elytrigia atherica, juncea subsp. boreoatlantica; Festuca rubra subsp. litoralis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Wegner. references Wegner (2015b).

Janetiella goiranica parasite

Janetiella goiranica Kieffer & Trotter, 1905 on Carpesium gall Shoots are deformed, spongious and densely covered with pubescence. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Carpesium cernuum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Gagné & Jaschhof (2014a), Skuhravá & Skuhravý (1994a, 2021a: 70).

Rhizomyia perplexa parasite

Rhizomyia perplexa Kieffer, 1898 on Carex parasite Larvae between the roots. host plants Cyperaceae, oligophagous Carex flacca. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Skuhravá & Skuhravý (2021a: 68), Skuhravá, Skuhravý, Dauphin & Coutin (2005a).

Herbomyia robusta parasite

Herbomyia robusta Möhn, 1955 on Carex parasite Larvae freely in the leaf sheaths; there also they hibernate, then pupate, within a cocoon. host plants Cyperaceae, monophagous Carex elata. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Haarder, Bruun, Harris & Skuhravá (2016a), Möhn (1955c), Skuhravá & Skuhravý (2021a: 65), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Meyer (2014a).

Herbomyia parasite

Coquillettomyia dentata parasite

Coquillettomyia dentata Felt, 1908 on Carex parasite Larvae freely in the leaf sheaths. host plants Cyperaceae, monophagous Carex. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Skuhravá & Skuhravý (2021a: 64), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Meyer (2014a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý, Skrzypczyńska & Szadziewski (2008a).

Coquillettomyia parasite

Mythimna l-album parasite

Mythimna l-album (Linnaeus, 1767) wainscot on grasses parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Anisantha sterilis; Arrhenatherum elatius; Avenella flexuosa; Brachypodium pinnatum; Bromopsis erecta; Dactylis glomerata; Festuca ovina; Phleum pratense; Poa. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Pyrgus. references Ebert (ed., 1998a), Koren, Vukotić & Črne (2015a), Kravchenko, Fibiger, […]

Mythimna pallens parasite

Mythimna pallens Mythimna pallens common wainscot on grasses parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Arrhenatherum elatius; Avenella flexuosa; Calamagrostis epigeios; Dactylis glomerata; Elytrigia repens; Leymus arenarius; Lolium perenne; Ochlopoa annua; Phalaris; Phragmites australis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Pyrgus. references Ebert (ed., 1998a), Lepiforum (2021), Pyrgus […]

Mythimna impura parasite

Mythimna straminea parasite

Mythimna straminea (Treitschke, 1825) southern wainscot on Phragmites, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants narrowly polyphagous Carex acuta; Festuca; Phalaris; Phragmites australis; Typha. Vhiefly on Phragmites. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Pyrgus. references Bella, Parenzan & Russo (2009a), Ebert (ed., 1998a), Huemer (2001a), Kravchenko, Fibiger, Mooser, ao […]

Ceroplastes japonicus parasite

Ceroplastes japonicus Green, 1921 japanese wax scale, tortoise wax scale on woody plants © Scott Yollis, Bugwood.org: female scales (young) parasite Scales mainly on the shoots. host plants polyphagous Acer pseudoplatanus; Actinidia chinensis; Aralia; Aucuba japonica; Chaenomeles japonica; Citrus limon, reticulata, trifoliata; Diospyros kaki; Eriobotrya japonica; Euonymus japonicus; Hedera helix; Ilex aquifolium; Laurus nobilis; Magnolia […]

Ceroplastes rusci parasite

Ceroplastes rusci (Linnaeus, 1758) fig wax scale on shrubs © Jeffrey W. Lotz, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Bugwood.org parasite Scales on the branches. host plants polyphagous Acacia saligna; Annona cherimola; Camellia japonica; Chamaerops humilis; Citrus limon, sinensis; Crataegus; Ficus carica, microcarpa, rubiginosa; Morus; Myrtus communis; Nerium oleander; Pistacia lentiscus, terebinthus; Pittosporum; Platanus […]

Ceroplastes sinensis parasite

Ceroplastes sinensis del Guercio, 1900 chinese wax scale, hard wax scale on shrubs Citrus limon © United States National Collection of Scale Insects Photographs , USDA Agricultural Research Service, Bugwood.org (the small “stars” are young specimens) parasite Scales on the branches. host plants polyphagous Cascabela thevetia; Citrus limon, sinensis; Ficus carica; Myrtus communis; Prunus dulcis; […]

Lasioptera buhri parasite

Lasioptera buhri Möhn, 1968 on herbs gall In the stem a black mass of fungal matter, in which lives a group of orange-red larvae. host plants polyphagous Campanula trachelium; Crepis biennis; Hieracium murorum; Lactuca muralis; Lapsana communis; Melilotus officinalis; Picris hieracioides; Tragopogon pratensis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Gagé & Jaschhof (2014a), Skuhravá & […]

Mayetiola bromi parasite

Mayetiola bromi (Hammerschmidt, 1834) on Bromus s.l. gall Larvae live in the slight swellings under the sheath of the first and second leaf just above a node. host plants Poaceae, narrowly oligophagous Anisantha tectorum; Bromus secalinus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Neacsu (1972a), Skuhravá & Skuhravý (2021a: 56).

Mythimna turca parasite

Mythimna turca (Linnaeus, 1761) double-line on “grassen” parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants narrowly polyphagous Agrostis capillaris, vinralis; Brachypodium sylvaticum; Calamagrostis epigeios; Carex brizoides, flacca, hirta, panicea; Dactylis glomerata; Festuca ovina; Holcus mollis; Luzula; Molinia arundinacea, caerulea; Poa nemoralis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Pyrgus. references Ebert (ed., […]

Mythimna pudorina parasite

Mythimna pudorina (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) striped wainscot on “grasses” parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants narrowly polyphagous Calamagrostis epigeios; Carex acutiformis; Deschampsia cespitosa; Molinia arundinacea; Phalaroides arundinacea. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Pyrgus. synonyms Aletia pudorina. references Lepiforum (2021), Pyrgus (2021).

Mythimna albipuncta parasite

Mythimna albipuncta (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) white-point on grassen parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Avenella flexuosa; Brachypodium pinnatum; Calamagrostis epigeios; Elytrigia repens; Molinia arundinacea. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Pyrgus. synonyms Aletia albipuncta. references Ebert (ed., 1998a), Huertas Dionisio (2007a), Koren, Vukotić & Črne (2015a), […]

Mythimna ferrago parasite

Mythimna ferrago (Fabricius, 1787) clay on grasses parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Arrhenatherum elatius; Avenella flexuosa; Brachypodium pinnatum; Bromopsis erecta; Calamagrostis epigeios; Dactylis glomerata; Elytrigia repens; Festuca ovina; Molinia arundinacea. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Pyrgus. synonyms Aletia ferrago. references Lepiforum (2021), Pyrgus (2021).

Mythimna conigera parasite

Mythimna conigera (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) brown-line bright-eye on grasses parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Bromopsis erecta; Calamagrostis purpurea; Dactylis glomerata; Elytrigia repens; Festuca ovina; Phalaroides arundinacea. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Pyrgus. synonyms Aletia conigera. references Corley, Marabuto, Maravalhas ao (2011a), Ebert (ed., 1998a), […]

Mythimna parasite

Ceroplastes ceriferus parasite

Ceroplastes ceriferus (Fabricius, 1798) indian wax scale on broadleaved trees em>Acer palmatum, female scale (from Ülgentürk) parasite Scales at the branches. host plants polyphagous Acer palmatum; Buxus; Camellia; Cornus; Deutzia; Euonymus; Ficus; Hedera; Laurus nobilis; Magnolia; Malus; Pyracantha; Spiraea. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Fetykó & Kozár (2012a), Seljak (2012a), Ülgentürk (2016a).

Ceroplastes parasite

Theophilea subcylindricollis parasite

Theophilea subcylindricollis Hladil, 1988 on Elytrigia, etc. parasite Larvae in the culms. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Elytrigia repens; Poa angustifolia. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Dascălu (2005a), Sláma (1998a).

Leucania palaestinae parasite

Leucania palaestinae Staudinger, 1897 on Arundo, Phragmites parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Arundo; Phragmites australis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Pyrgus. references Bella, Parenzan & Russo (2009a), Kravchenko, Fibiger, Mooser, ao (2007a), Lepiforum (2021), Pyrgus (2021).

Leucania zeae parasite

Leucania zeae (Duponchel, 1827) on Arundo, Phragmites parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Arundo donax, plinii; Phragmites australis. The occurrence on Zea mays is moot. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Pyrgus. references Bella, Parenzan & Russo (2009a), Kravchenko, Fibiger, Mooser, ao (2007a), Lepiforum (2021), Pyrgus (2021).

Leucania comma parasite

Leucania comma (Linnaeus 1761) shoulder-striped wainscot on grasses parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Avenella flexuosa; Dactylis glomerata; Deschampsia cespitosa; Schedonorus arundinaceus, pratensis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Pyrgus. references Ebert (ed., 1998a), Koren, Vukotić & Črne (2015a), Pyrgus (2021).

Leucania obsoleta parasite

Leucania obsoleta (Hübner, 1803) obscure wainscot on Phragmites parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, monophagous Phragmites australis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Pyrgus. references Bella, Parenzan & Russo (2009a), Ebert (ed., 1998a), Lepiforum (2021), Pyrgus (2021).

Polia nebulosa parasite

Polia nebulosa (Hufnagel, 1766) grey arches on maonly shrubs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Acer pseudoplatanus; Betula; Cornus sanguinea; Ligustrum; Lonicera; Polygonum; Prunus domestica, spinosa; Rubus caesius, futicosus, idaeus; Salix alba, caprea; Sambucus; Senecio ovatus; Ulmus; Urtica dioica. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Pyrgus. references Dapporto […]

Trichoferus campestris parasite

Trichoferus campestris (Faldermann, 1835) mulberry longhorn beetle on conifers, deciduous trees parasite Larvae tunnel in the sapwood of healthy, weakened and dead trees. host plants polyphagous Abies; Betula pendula; Broussonetia; Gleditsia triacanthos; Juglans regia; Malus; Morus; Picea; Pinus; Salix; Sorbus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Everatt, Malumphy & Ostoja-Starzewski (2015a), Hegyessy & Kutasi (2010a).

Lasioptera ariasis parasite

Lasioptera ariasis Skuhravá & Garcia in litt. on Prunus parasite Malformation of the fruits. host plants Rosaceae, monophagous Prunus cerasus. notes Probably the species (?) has never been published. references Skuhravá, Blasco–Zumeta & Pujade–Villar (2002a), Skuhravá, Skuhravý, Blasco-Zumeta & Pujade-Villar (2006a).

Agapanthia asphodeli parasite

Agapanthia asphodeli (Latreille, 1804) on Asphodelus, etc. host plants polyphagous Asphodelus; Ferula; Thapsia. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Biscaccianti (2007a), Misud (2002a).

Trichoferus griseus parasite

Trichoferus griseus (Fabricius, 1792) on Ficus parasite Larvae bore in the wood; probably only living on dead material. host plants Moraceae, monophagous Ficus carica. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Biscaccianti (2007a), Gouverneur, Drumont, Berger, ao (2014a), Hellrigl (2010c)

Stefaniella skuhravae parasite

Stefaniella skuhravae Elsayed, 2014 on Atriplex gall with exuvium (from Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Elsayed) gall Weak unilocular swelling of the male inflorescence; inside a single larva or pupa. host plants Amaranthaceae, monophagous Atriplex halimus. distribution within Europe Described from Egypt, according to Skuhravá & Skuhravý also in Socily. references Elsayed, Skuhravá, Karam ao (2015a), Skuhravá […]

Dasineura tripolii parasite

Dasineura tripolii Neascu, 1968 on Tripolium gall Swellings at the bases of the leaves. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Tripolium pannonicum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Skuhravá & Skuhravý (2021a: 44), Skuhravá, Skuhravý & Neacsu (1972a).

Polia hepatica parasite

Polia hepatica (Clerck, 1759) silvery arches on Vaccinium, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Betula pendula; Calluna vulgaris; Carpinus betulus; Rubus fruticosus; Salix; Vaccinium myrtillus, uliginosum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Pyrgus. synonyms Aplecta tincta (Brahm, 1791); Polia trimaculosa (Esper, 1788). references Ebert (ed., 1998a), Lepiforum […]

Polia bombycina parasite

Polia bombycina (Hufnagel, 1766) pale shining brown on herbs, shrubs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Achillea; Berberis vulgaris; Cornus sanguinea; Cytisus scopariu; Ononis spinosa; Polygonum; Pulsatilla; Rubus idaeus; Sonchus; Vaccinium myrtillus, uliginosum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Pyrgus. references Dapporto (1998a), Ebert (ed., 1998a), Lepiforum (2021), […]

Polia parasite

Papestra biren parasite

Papestra biren (Goeze, 1781) glaucous shears on Vaccinium, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Aconitum; Salix caprea; Sorbus aucuparia; Vaccinium myrtillus, uliginosum, vitis-idaea. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Pyrgus. references Ebert (ed., 1998a), Lepiforum (2021), Peslier (2002a), Pyrgus (2021).

Papestra parasite

Mamestra brassicae parasite

Mamestra brassicae (Linnaeus, 1758) cabbage moth on herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Atriplex sagittata; Atropa bella-donna; Brassica oleracea, rapa; Chamerion angustifolium; Consolida; Convolvulus arvensis; Datura; Knautia arvensis; Lactuca sativa; Nicotiana tabacum; Papaver; Pelargonium peltatum, zonale; Philadelphus coronarius; Potentilla reptans; Rumex; Sinapis arvensis; Tropaeolum majus; Urtica. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). […]

Mamestra parasite

Ceramica pisi parasite

Ceramica pisi (Linnaeus, 1758) broom moth on herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Betula pubescens; Cirsium; Cytisus; Daucus carota; Euphrasia; Galatella linosyris; Gentiana pneumonanthe; Hypericum; Juncus; Lotus pedunculatus; Persicaria amphibia; Picris hieracioides; Pteridium; Salix caprea; Scabiosa; Tussilago farfara; Vaccinium myrtillus, oxycoccos, uliginosum; Vicia. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa […]

Ceramica parasite

Sideridis kitti parasite

Sideridis kitti (Schawerda, 1914) on Astragalus, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, oligophagous Astragalus cicer, danicus, glycyphyllos; Vicia. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Pyrgus. synonyms Heliophobus kitti. references Lepiforum (2021), Pyrgus (2021), Simonyi, Ronkay & Gyulai (2015a).

Melanchra persicariae parasite

Melanchra persicariae (Linnaeus, 1761) dot moth on herbs and shrubs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Acer pseudoplatanus; Actaea spicata; Aegopodium podagraria; Alnus glutinosa; Angelica sylvestris; Atropa bella-donna; Betula; Campanula; Chrysanthemum; Circaea; Cirsium arvense, oleraceum; Corylus avellana; Cytisus scoparius; Daucus carota; Dryopteris filix-mas; Epilobium; Fagus sylvatica; Frangula alnus; Fraxinus excelsior; Heracleum sphondylium; […]

Melanchra parasite

Sideridis reticulata parasite

Sideridis reticulata (Goeze, 1781) bordered gothic on kruiden parasite Larvae freely on the flowers and leaves. host plants polyphagous Dianthus carthusianorum; Saponaria; Silene. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Pyrgus. synonyms Heliophobus reticulata. references Dapporto (1998a), Ebert (ed., 1998a), Peslier (2002a), Pyrgus (2021), Simonyi, Ronkay & Gyulai (2015a).

Sideridis lampra parasite

Sideridis lampra (Schawerda, 1913) on kruiden parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants In captivity: Dianthus carthusianorum; Pimpinella; Seseli. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Ebert (ed., 1998a).

Sideridis rivularis parasite

Sideridis rivularis (Fabricius, 1775) campion on Saponaria, Silene parasite Larvae in/at the fruits. host plants Caryophyllaceae, oligophagous Saponaria officinalis; Silene alba, baccifera, dioica, flos-cuculi, vulgaris. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Pyrgus. synonyms Aneda, Hadena, Harmodia, rivularis. references Bella, Parenzan & Russo (2009a), Dapporto (1998a), Ebert (ed., 1998a), Lepiforum (2021), Peslier […]

Purpuricenus graecus parasite

Purpuricenus graecus Sláma, 1993 on Quercus parasite The young larva tunnels a circular gallery under the bark of a thin, live branch. The larva then lives and pupates in the distal, died, part of the branch. host plants Fagaceae, ? monophagous Quercus coccifera. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Rapuzzi & Sama (2013a).

Eurytomocharis eragrostidis parasite

Eurytomocharis eragrostidis Howard, 1896 on Eragrostis Eragrostis minor, Belgium, prov. Antwerp, Mol, 31.viii.2021 © Carina Van Steenwinkel gall opened gall with larvva 4.ix.2019. exit hole. parasite gallinga of the stem. host plants Poaceae, monophagous oligophagous polyphagous Eragrostis minor, pectinacea. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). notes Identification provisional. E. eragrostidis induces galling on Eragrostis in North […]

Eurytomocharis parasite

Rhopalomyia flavipalpis parasite

Rhopalomyia flavipalpis Vimmer, 1928 on Artemisia parasite Larvae in the flower heads, probably inquilines. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous oligophagous polyphagous Artemisia vulgaris. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Skuhravá & Skuhravý (2021a: 40).

Hadena capsincola parasite

Hadena capsincola (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) on Saponaria, Silene parasite Larvae in/at the fruits. host plants Caryophyllaceae, oligophagous Saponaria officinalis; Silene alba, vulgaris. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Pyrgus. references Kravchenko, Poltavsky & Müller (2018a), Lepiforum (2021), Pyrgus (2021).

Hadena silenes parasite

Hadena silenes (Hübner, 1822) on Silene parasite Larvae in/at the fruits. host plants Caryophyllaceae, monophagous Silene cretica. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Pyrgus. references Kravchenko, Fibiger, Mooser, ao (2007a), Peslier (2002a), Pyrgus (2021).

Conisania luteago parasite

Conisania luteago (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) on Dianthus, Silene parasite Larvae at the stems and roots. host plants Caryophyllaceae, oligophagous Dianthus; Silene. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Hadena, Luteohadena, luteago. references Ebert (ed., 1998a), Koren, Vukotić & Črne (2015a), Lepiforum (2021), Vegliante & Zilli (2007a), Vyšniauskaitė & Tamutis (2012a).

Conisania andalusica parasite

Conisania andalusica (Staudinger, 1859) Barrett’s marbled coronet on Silene parasite Larvae at the stems and roots. host plants Caryophyllaceae, monophagous Silene nutans, vulgaris. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Hadena, Luteohadena, andalusica. references Lepiforum (2021), Peslier (2002a).

Conisania parasite

Hadena caesia parasite

Hadena caesia (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) the grey on Silene, etc. parasite Larvae in/at the fruits. host plants Caryophyllaceae, oligophagous Gypsophila repens; Saponaria bellidifolia; Silene alpestris, ciliata, multicaulis, pusilla, saxifraga, vulgaris. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Pyrgus. references Dapporto (1998a), Lepiforum (2021), Peslier (2002a), Pyrgus (2021), Wagner & Beshkov (2018a).

Silene multicaulis parasite

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite fruit borer Noctuidae Hadena caesia

Trichoferus fasciculatus parasite

Trichoferus fasciculatus (Falderman, 1837) on Abies parasite Larvae bore in living branches, causing their death. host plants Pinaceae, monophagous Abies nordmanniana, pinsapo. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Soria & Vives (1995a).

Lycophotia porphyrea parasite

Lycophotia porphyrea (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) ttrue lover’s knot on Calluna, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Ericaceae, oligophagous Bruckenthalia spiculifolia; Calluna vulgaris; Erica tetralix. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Pyrgus. references Beshkov & Nahirnić-Beshkova (2021a), Lepiforum (2021), Pyrgus (2021), Wirooks & Theissen (1999a).

Phytoecia erythrocnema parasite

Phytoecia erythrocnema Lucas, 1846 on Ammi parasite Larvae in the subterranean parts. host plants Fagaceae, monophagous Ammi visnaga. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Verdugo & Coello (2003a).

Deroplia troberti parasite

Deroplia troberti (Mulsant, 1843) on Nerium, etc. parasite Larvae in withering or dead shoots. host plants polyphagous Laurus; Nerium oleander; Pistacia lentiscus; Quercus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Verdugo & Coello (2003a).

Deroplia parasite

Purpuricenus ferrugineus parasite

Purpuricenus ferrugineus Fairnaire, 1851 on Cistus parasite Larvae in the shoots. host plants Cistaceae, monophagous Cistus creticus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Verdugo & Coello (2003a).

Trichoferus magnanii parasite

Trichoferus magnanii Sama, 1992 on Cistus parasite Larvae in the roots and root collar. host plants Cistaceae, monophagous Cistus albidus, crispus, creticus, ladanifer. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Navarro, Urbano & Llinares (2013a), Verdugo & Coello (2003a).

Trichoferus parasite

Rhopalomyia abrotani parasite

Rhopalomyia abrotani (Trail, 1886) on Artemisia gall Orange-red larvae cause small galls on the leaves. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Artemisia abrotanum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). synonyms Probably only a synonym of Rhopalomyia foliorum. references Gagné & Jaschhof (2014a), Skuhravá & Skuhravý (2021a: 36).

Resseliella vespicoloris parasite

Resseliella vespicoloris (Barnes, 1933) on Arabis parasite Biology unknown; might be an inquiline of Dasineura alpestris. host plants Brassicaceae, monophagous Arabis alpina subsp. caucasica. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Skuhravá & Skuhravý (2021a: 35).

Hadena sancta parasite

Hadena sancta (Staudinger, 1859) on Silene parasite Larvae in/at the fruits. host plants Caryophyllaceae, monophagous Silene succulenta. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Pyrgus. references Huertas Dionisio (2007a), Kravchenko, Fibiger, Mooser, ao (2007a), Lepiforum (2021), Pyrgus (2021).

Silene succulenta parasite

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite fruit borer Noctuidae Hadena sancta

Hadena luteocincta parasite

Hadena luteocincta (Rambur, 1834) on Dianthus parasite Larvae in/at the fruits. host plants Caryophyllaceae, monophagous Dianthus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Pyrgus. references ertaccini (2008a,b), Peslier (2002a), Pyrgus (2021).

Hadena irregularis parasite

Hadena irregularis (Hufnagel, 1766) viper’s bugloss on Gypsophila, Silene parasite Larvae at/in flowers and fruits; older larvae hide in the litter at daytime. host plants Caryophyllaceae, oligophagous Gypsophila fastigiata Silene otites. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Pyrgus. references Ebert (ed., 1998a), Gelbrecht & Richert (2000a), Lepiforum (2021), Pyrgus (2021).

Hadena perplexa parasite

Hadena perplexa (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) tawny shears on Silene parasite Larvae at/in flowers and fruits; older larvae hide in the litter at daytime. host plants Caryophyllaceae, monophagous Silene baccifera, nutans, vulgaris. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Pyrgus. synonyms Anepia perplexa, Harmodia lepida (Esper, 1790). references Andújar Tomás, Gómez Ladrón […]

Hadena filograna parasite

Hadena filograna (Esper, 1788) on Silene parasite Larvae at/in flowers and fruits; older larvae hide in the litter at daytime. host plants Caryophyllaceae, monophagous Silene nutans. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Pyrgus. references Corley, Marabuto, Maravalhas ao (2011a), Dapporto (1998a), Ebert (ed., 1998a), Lepiforum (2021), Peslier (2002a), Pyrgus (2021), Wagner […]

Phytoecia nigricornis parasite

Phytoecia nigricornis (Fabricius, 1781) goldenrod longhorn beetle on Artemisia, etc./h2> parasite Larvae in the roots. host plants Asteraceae, oligophagous Artemisia absinthium, campestris, siversiana, vulgaris; Glebionis segetum; Leucanthemum vulgare; Solidago virgaurea; Tanacetum vulgare. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Funke (1996a), Hellrigl (2010c), Lorenz (1997a), Molander & Franzén (2010a), Sláma (1998a), Vitali (2018a).

Brachyta interrogationis parasite

Brachyta interrogationis (Linnaeus, 1758) on Geranium parasite Larvae in the roots. host plants Geraniaceae, monophagous Geranium sylvaticum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Barševskis & Savenkov (2013a), Hellrigl (2010c).

Brachyta parasite

Hadena clara parasite

Hadena clara (Staudinger, 1901) on Silene parasite Larvae in and at the fruits; older larvae hide in the litter during the day. host plants Caryophyllaceae, monophagous Silene boryi, cordifolia, parnassica, vallesia. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Pyrgus, Wagner. references Pyrgus (2021), Wagner (2012a), Wagner & Beshkov (2018a).

Hadena tephroleuca parasite

Hadena tephroleuca (Boisduval, 1833) on Gypsophila, Silene parasite Larvae in and at the fruits; older larvae hide in the litter during the day. host plants Caryophyllaceae, oligophagous Gypsophila repens; Silene rupestris. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Pyrgus, Wagner. references Pyrgus (2021), Wagner (2012a) .

Hadena drenowskii parasite

Hadena drenowskii (Rebel, 1930) on Silene parasite Larvae in the fruits; larger larvae hide in the litter during the day. host plants Caryophyllaceae, monophagous Silene bupleuroides. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Pyrgus, Wagner & Beshkov. references Pyrgus (2021), Wagner & Beshkov (2018a).

Phytoecia icterica parasite

Phytoecia icterica (Schaller, 1783) on Pastinaca, etc. parasite Larvae in the stems. host plants Apiaceae, oligophagous Ammi visnaga; Conium maculatum; Daucus carota; Heracleum; Pastinaca sativa; Petroselinum crispum; Pimpinella saxifraga. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Hellrigl (2010c), Sláma (1998a), Ugarte San Vicente (2005a), Verdugo & Coello (2003a), Vitali (2018a), Vitali, Reiners & Cungs (2021a).

Phytoecia rufipes parasite

Phytoecia rufipes (Olivier, 1795) on Foeniculum, etc. parasite Larvae in the stems. host plants Apiaceae, oligophagous Coriandrum sativum; Ferulago campestris; Foeniculum vulgare. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Rejzek, Sama & Alziar (2001a).

Phytoecia pustulata parasite

Phytoecia pustulata (von Paula Schrank, 1776) on Tanacetum, etc. parasite Larvae in the stems. host plants Asteraceae, oligophagous Achillea millefolium; Anthemis; Artemisia abrotanum; Chrysanthemum; Tanacetum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Barševskis & Savenkov (2013a), Funke (1996a), Hellrigl (2010c), Rejzek, Sama & Alziar (2001a), Sláma (1998a).

Phytoecia behen parasite

Phytoecia behen Sama & Rejzek, 1999 on Centaurea parasite Larvae in the stems. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Centaurea urvillei. distribution within Europe Turkey. references Rejzek, Sama & Alziar (2001a).

Neomusaria suvorowi parasite

Neomusaria suvorowi (Pic, 1906) on Salvia parasite Larvae in the stems. host plants Lamiaceae, monophagous Salvia. distribution within Europe Turkey. references Rejzek, Sama & Alziar (2001a).

Neomusaria merkli parasite

Neomusaria merkli (Ganglbauer, 1884) on Salvia parasite Larvae in the stems. host plants Lamiaceae, monophagous Salvia sclarea, cf tomentosa. distribution within Europe Turkey. references Rejzek, Sama & Alziar (2001a).

Neomusaria balcanica parasite

Neomusaria balcanica (Frivaldszky, 1835) on Salvia parasite Larvae in the stems. host plants Lamiaceae, monophagous Salvia sclarea. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Rejzek, Sama & Alziar (2001a).

Hadena magnolii parasite

Hadena magnolii (Boisduval, 1829) on Silene parasite Larvae in the fruits. host plants Caryophyllaceae, monophagous Silene nutans, saxifraga distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Pyrgus. references Ebert (ed., 1998a), Kravchenko, Fibiger, Mooser, ao (2007a), Lepiforum (2021), Peslier (2002a), Pyrgus (2021), Vegliante & Zilli (2007a), Wagner & Beshkov (2018a).

Hadena albimacula parasite

Hadena albimacula (Borkhausen, 1792) white spot on Silene parasite Larvae in the fruits. host plants Caryophyllaceae, monophagous Silene nutans, paradoxa, radicosa. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Pyrgus. references Bentley (2008a), Dapporto (1998a), Ebert (ed., 1998a), Lepiforum (2021), Peslier (2002a) , Pyrgus (2021), de Vos, Ellis, Groenendijk, ao (2010a), Wagner (2008a), […]

Hadena confusa parasite

Hadena confusa (Hufnagel, 1766) marbled coronet on Silene parasite Larvae in the fruits. host plants Caryophyllaceae, monophagous Silene alba, cilista, flos-cuculi, nutans, vulgaris. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Pyrgus. references Dapporto (1998a), Ebert (ed., 1998a), Lepiforum (2021), Peslier (2002a), Pyrgus (2021), Wagner (2008a), Wagner & Beshkov (2018a).

Hadena compta parasite

Hadena compta (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) varied coronet on Dianthus parasite Larvae in the fruits. host plants Caryophyllaceae, monophagous Dianthus barbatus, carthusianorum, cruentus, haematocalyx, integer subsp. minutiflorus, sylvestris. ? Also Silene nutans, vulgaris (Peslier). distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Pyrgus. references Dapporto (1998a), Ebert (ed., 1998a), Kravchenko, Fibiger, Mooser, ao […]

Musaria tirellii parasite

Musaria tirellii (Luigioni, 1913) on Crepis parasite Larvae in the stems. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Crepis lacera. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Rejzek, Sama & Alziar (2001a).

Crepis lacera parasite

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite stem borer Cerambycidae Musaria tirellii

Musaria puncticollis parasite

Musaria puncticollis (Faldermann, 1837) on Eryngium parasite Larvae in the stems. host plants Apiaceae, monophagous Eryngium. distribution within Europe Turkey. references Rejzek, Sama & Alziar (2001a).

Musaria boeberi parasite

Musaria boeberi Ganglbauer, 1884) on Chaerophyllum parasite Larvae in the stems. host plants Apiaceae, monophagous Chaerophyllum aureum. distribution within Europe Turkey. references Rejzek, Sama & Alziar (2001a).

Musaria astarte parasite

Musaria astarte Ganglbauer, 1885) on Cirsium parasite Larvae in the stems. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Cirsium. distribution within Europe Turkey. references Rejzek, Sama & Alziar (2001a).

Musaria cephalotes parasite

Musaria cephalotes (Küster, 1846) on Trinia parasite Larvae in the stems. host plants Apiaceae, monophagous Trinia dalechampii. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Rejzek, Sama & Alziar (2001a).

Trinia dalechampiI parasite

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite stem borer Cerambycidae Musaria cephalotes

Musaria rubropunctata parasite

Musaria rubropunctata (Goeze, 1777) on Trinia parasite Larvae in the stems. host plants Apiaceae, monophagous Trinia glauca. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Rejzek, Sama & Alziar (2001a).

Musaria argus parasite

Musaria argus (Frölich, 1793) on Seseli parasite Larvae in the stems. host plants Apiaceae, monophagous Seseli annuum, montanum subsp. tommasinii, osseum, pallasii. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). synonyms Phytoecia argus. references Rejzek, Sama & Alziar (2001a), Sláma (1998a).

Helladia praetexta parasite

Helladia praetexta (Steven, 1817) on Lapsana parasite Larvae in the stems. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Lapsana communis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Rejzek, Sama & Alziar (2001a).

Hadena bicruris parasite

Hadena bicruris (Hufnagel, 1766) lychnis on Silene, etc. parasite Larvae in the fruits. host plants Caryophyllaceae, oligophagous Saponaria officinalis; Silene alba, dioica, latifolia, vulgaris. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Pyrgus. synonyms Harmodia bicruris. references Dapporto (1998a), Ebert (ed., 1998a), Lepiforum (2021), Peslier (2002a), Pyrgus (2021), Reuhl (1974b), Vegliante & Zilli […]

Hadena parasite

Hecatera cappa parasite

Hecatera cappa (Hübner, 1809) on Consolida, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the fruits. host plants Ranunculaceae, oligophagous Consolida hispanica; Staphisagria macrosperma. That the larvae would live on Scrophularia, as is stated by Kravchenko ao, does not seem likely. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Pyrgus. references Kravchenko, Fibiger, Mooser, ao (2007a), […]

Hecatera weissi parasite

Hecatera weissi (Draudt, 1934) on Galactites, ? etc. parasite Larvae freely on the capitula. host plants Asteraceae, oligophagous Galactites tomentosus; ? Lactuca. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Corley, Marabuto, Maravalhas ao (2009a), Huertas Dionisio (2007a).

Hecatera dysodea parasite

Hecatera dysodea (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) small ranunculus on Lactuca, etc. parasite Larvae freely in the inflorescence. host plants Asteraceae, oligophagous Lactuca muralis, perennis, sativa, serriola; Picris hieracioides; Prenanthes purpurea; Sonchus arvensis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Pyrgus. synonyms Aetheria, Mamestra, dysodea; Polia spinaciae (Vieweg, 1790). references Ebert (ed., 1998a), […]

Hecatera bicolorata parasite

Hecatera bicolorata (Hufnagel, 1766) broad-barred white on Lactuca, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the flower heada. host plants Asteraceae, oligophagous Crepis capillaris, tectrum; Eupatorium; Hieracium lachenalii subsp. cruentifolium; Jacobaea erucifolia; Lactuca muralis, serriola; Picris; Prenanthes purpurea; Scorzoneroides autumnalis; Sonchus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Pyrgus. synonyms Aetheria, Mamestra, bicolorata. references […]

Hecatera parasite

Helladia millefolii parasite

Helladia millefolii (Adams, 1817) on Dittrichia parasite Larvae in the stems. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Dittrichia viscosa. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Rejzek, Sama & Alziar (2001a).

Helladia plasoni parasite

Helladia plasoni (Ganglbauer, 1884) on Gundelia parasite Larvae in the stems. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Gundelia tournefortii. distribution within Europe Turkey. references Rejzek, Sama & Alziar (2001a).

Helladia humeralis parasite

Helladia humeralis (Waltl, 1838) on thistles parasite Larvae in the stems. host plants Asteraceae, oligophagous Centaurea; Cirsium; Notobasis syriaca. distribution within Europe Turkey references Rejzek, Sama & Alziar (2001a).

Helladia orbicollis parasite

Helladia orbicollis Reiche & Saulcy, 1858) on thistles parasite Larvae in the stems. host plants Asteraceae, oligophagous Centaurea; Notobasis syriaca. distribution within Europe Turkey. references Rejzek, Sama & Alziar (2001a).

Helladia flavescens parasite

Helladia flavescens (Brullé, 1832) on Onopordum parasite Larvae in the stems. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Onopordum illyricum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Rejzek, Sama & Alziar (2001a).

Hada plebeja parasite

Hada plebeja (Linnaeus, 1761) shears on Silene, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the inflorescences and leaves; during the day hidden among the litter. host plants polyphagous Pilosella aurantiaca; Silene nutans; Taraxacum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Pyrgus. references Dapporto (1998a), Ebert (ed., 1998a), Lepiforum (2021), Pyrgus (2021).

Hada parasite

Lacanobia blenna parasite

Lacanobia blenna (Hübner, 1824) stranger on Atriplex, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Amaranthaceae, oligophagous Atriplex; Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima; Chenopodium; Salsola. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Corley, Merckx, Marabuto, ao (2013a), Pérez De-Gregorio, Fernández & Rondós (2015a, Peslier (2002a).

Lacanobia suasa parasite

Lacanobia suasa (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) dog’s tooth on herbs, shrubs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Atriplex hortensis; Beta; Brassica oleracea; Chenopodium album; Cirsium arvense; Convolvulus arvensis; Corylus avellana; Cyclamen; Galium; Lactuca sativa; Lysimachia nummularia; Malus domestica; Melilotus; Plantago major; Polygonum aviculare; Rubus idaeus; Rumex; Salix; Sonchus; Trifolium; Valeriana. distribution within […]

Lacanobia contigua parasite

Lacanobia contigua (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) beautiful brocade on herbs, shrubs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Angelica sylvestris; Artemisia absinthium; Atriplex; Betula; Calluna vulgaris; Campanula rotundifolia; Cytisus scoparius; Frangula alnus; Gentiana cruciata; Heracleum sphondylium; Onobrychis viciifolia; Rubus fruticosus, idaeus; Senecio; Silene; Vaccinium myrtillus, uliginosum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, […]

Cardoria scutellata parasite

Cardoria scutellata (Fabricius, 1792) on Falcaria parasite Larvae in the stems. host plants Apiaceae, monophagous Falcaria vulgaris. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). synonyms Phytoecia scutellata. references Rejzek, Sama & Alziar (2001a), Sláma (1998a).

Cardoria parasite

Pygoptosia speciosa parasite

Pygoptosia speciosa (Frivaldsky, 1884) on Klasea parasite Larvae in the stems. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Klasea cerinthifolia, kurdica. distribution within Europe Turkey. references Rejzek, Sama & Alziar (2001a).

Pygoptosia parasite

Pilemia serriventris parasite

Pilemia serriventris Holzschuh, 1984 on Cynoglossum parasite Larvae in the stems. host plants Boraginaceae, monophagous Cynoglossum officinale. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Rejzek, Sama & Alziar (2001a).

Pilemia annulata parasite

Pilemia annulata (Hampe, 1862) on Nonea parasite Larvae in the stems. host plants Boraginaceae, monophagous Nonea stenosolen. distribution within Europe Turkey. references Rejzek, Sama & Alziar (2001a).

Coptosia schuberti parasite

Coptosia schuberti Fuchs, 1965 on Cynoglottis parasite Larvae in the stems. host plants Boraginaceae, monophagous Cynoglottis barrelieri. distribution within Europe Turkey. references Rejzek, Sama & Alziar (2001a).

Coptosia compacta parasite

Coptosia compacta (Ménétries, 1832) on Solenanthus parasite Larvae in the stems. host plants Boraginaceae, monophagous Solenanthus stamineus. distribution within Europe Turkey. references Rejzek, Sama & Alziar (2001a).

Coptosia bithynensis parasite

Coptosia bithynensis (Ganglbauer, 1884) on Anchusa, etc. parasite Larvae in the stems. host plants Boraginaceae, oligophagous Anchusa cf. azurea; Cynoglossum cf. foliosum. distribution within Europe Turkey. references Rejzek, Sama & Alziar (2001a).

Semnosia interrupta parasite

Semnosia interrupta (Pic, 1905) on Prangos parasite Larvae in the stems. host plants Apiaceae, monophagous Prangos. distribution within Europe Turkey. references Rejzek, Sama & Alziar (2001a).

Semnosia herminae parasite

Semnosia herminae (Reitter, 1890) on Ferula, etc. parasite Larvae in the stems. host plants Apiaceae, oligophagous Ferula; Prangos. distribution within Europe Turkey. references Rejzek, Sama & Alziar (2001a).

Semnosia parasite

Pteromallosia albolineata parasite

Pteromallosia albolineata (Hampe, 1852) on Echinops parasite Larvae in the stems. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Echinops “scovitzi”. distribution within Europe Turkey. references Rejzek, Sama & Alziar (2001a).

Pteromallosia parasite

Oberea erythrocephala parasite

Oberea erythrocephala (von Paula Schrank, 1776) red headed leafy spurge stem borer on Euphorbia parasite The female girdles the upper part of the stem, then deposits a single egg just above the girdle, covering it with latex. The larva bres into the stem, then descends through the pith to the root collar and roots. Here […]

Oberea ressli parasite

Oberea ressli Demelt, 1963 on Vincetoxicum parasite Larvae in the stems. host plants Apocynaceae, monophagous Vincetoxicum hirundinaria. distribution within Europe Turkey. references Rejzek, Sama & Alziar (2001a).

Theophilea cylindricollis parasite

Theophilea cylindricollis Pic, 1897 on grasses parasite Larvae in the culms. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Elytrigia repens; Secale cf. cereale. distribution within Europe Turkey. references Dascălu (2005a), Rejzek, Sama & Alziar (2001a).

Theophilea parasite

Agapanthia walteri parasite

Agapanthia walteri Reitter, 1898 on herbs parasite Larvae in the stems. host plants polyphagous Carduus; Cirsium; Heracleum. distribution within Europe Turkey. references Rejzek, Sama & Alziar (2001a) .

Agapanthia coeruleipennnis parasite

Agapanthia coeruleipennnis Frivaldsky, 1878 on Gundelia parasite Larvae in the stems. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Gundelia tournefortii. distribution within Europe Turkey. references Rejzek, Sama & Alziar (2001a).

Purpuricenus wachanrui parasite

Purpuricenus wachanrui Levrat, 1858 on Verbascum parasite Larvae in the stems. host plants Scrophulariaceae, monophagous Verbascum. distribution within Europe Turkey. references Rejzek, Sama & Alziar (2001a).

Cortodera syriaca parasite

Cortodera syriaca Pic, 1901 on Gundelia parasite Larvae in the stems. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Gundelia tournefortii. distribution within Europe Turkey. references Rejzek, Sama & Alziar (2001a).

Cortodera colchica parasite

Cortodera colchica Reitter, 1890 on Cyanus parasite Larvae bore in the stems. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Cyanus triumfettii. distribution within Europe Turkey. references Rejzek, Sama & Alziar (2001a).

Cortodera cirsii parasite

Cortodera cirsii Holzschuh, 1975 on Cirsium parasite Larvae bore in the stem. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Cirsium. distribution within Europe Turkey. references Rejzek, Sama & Alziar (2001a).

Cortodera parasite

Lepturinae parasite

Lacanobia thalassina parasite

Lacanobia thalassina (Hufnagel, 1766) pale-shouldered brocade on shrubs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Betula; Cytisus ruthenicus, scoparius; Frangula alnus; Lonicera; Quercus; Rubus fruticosus; Vaccinium myrtillus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Pyrgus. references Ebert (ed., 1998a), Lepiforum (2021), Peslier (2002a), Pyrgus (2021).

Lacanobia oleracea parasite

Lacanobia oleracea (Linnaeus, 1758) bright-line brown-eye, tomato moth on herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Artemisia; Atriplex; Brassica; Calluna vulgaris; Capsicum annuum; Chenopodium; Cirsium arvense; Clematis vitalba; Convolvulus arvensis; Cyclamen; Hydrangea macrophylla; Lactuca; Lupinus; Lycopersicon esculentum; Malva moschata; Microrrhinum minus; Persicaria hydropiper; Pisum sativum; Prunus spinosa; Ribes; Rumex crispus; Salix alba. […]

Lacanobia splendens parasite

Lacanobia splendens (Hübner, 1808) splendid brocade on marsh plants parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Arctium; Cicuta virosa; Convolvulus arvensis;Lactuca; Lysimachia; Menyanthes trifoliata;Plantago; Solanum dulcamara; Thelypteris palustris. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Pyrgus. references Ebert (ed., 1998a), Jacobs (2005a), Lepiforum (2021), Pyrgus (2021).

Lacanobia w-latinum parasite

Lacanobia w-latinum (Hufnagel, 1766) light brocade on herbs and trees parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Atriplex; Beta maritima; Betula pendula; Chenopodium; Cytisus scoparius; Digitalis grandiflora; Genista; Hypericum; Lamium; Salix caprea; Salsola; Tussilago farfara; Ulmus glabra. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Pyrgus. references Corley, Merckx, Marabuto, ao […]

Lacanobia aliena parasite

Lacanobia aliena (Hübner, 1809) on herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Anthyllis vulneraria; Calluna vulgaris; Cytisus scoparius; Galatella linosyris; Hippocrepis comosa; Medicago sativa; Melilotus; Ononis spinosa subsp. procurrens; Ornithopus; Prunus spinosa; Salix aurita. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Pyrgus. references Ebert (ed., 1998a), Fibiger (1980a), Lepiforum […]

Lacanobia parasite

Coranarta restricta parasite

Coranarta restricta Yela, 2002 on Arctostaphylos parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Ericaceae, ? monophagous Arctostaphylos uva-ursi. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Yela (2002a).

Anarta melanopa parasite

Anarta melanopa (Thunberg, 1791) broad-bordered white underwing on kruiden parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Dryas octopetala; Silene acaulis; Vaccinium; Veronica alpina. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Pyrgus. synonyms Hadula melanopa. references Burmann (1963a), Lepiforum (2021), Pyrgus (2021).

Blepisanis vittipennis parasite

Blepisanis vittipennis (Reiche, 1877) on Achillea parasite Larvae in the stems. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Achillea arabica. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Rejzek, Sama & Alziar (2001a), Sama, Buse, Orbach, ao (2010a).

Blepisanis parasite

Phytoecia virgula parasite

Phytoecia virgula (Charpentier, 1825) on herbs parasite Larvae in the stems. host plants Asteraceae, oligophagous Anthemis; Artemisia; Chrysanthemum; Echinops; Hieracium; Inula; Onopordum; Tanacetum. ? Also Daucus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Sama, Buse, Orbach, ao (2010a).

Phytoecia geniculata parasite

Phytoecia geniculata Mullsant, 1862 on thistles parasite Larvae in the stems. host plants Asteraceae, oligophagous Cirsium; Notobasis syriaca; Silybum marianum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Rejzek, Sama & Alziar (2001a), Sama, Buse, Orbach, ao (2010a).

Phytoecia caerulea parasite

Phytoecia caerulea (Scopoli, 1772) on Sinapis, etc. parasite Larvae in the stems. host plants Brassicaceae, oligophagous Rapistrum; Sinapis; Sisymbrium. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Sama, Buse, Orbach, ao (2010a), Sláma (1998a).

Neomusaria waltli parasite

Neomusaria waltli Sama, 1991 on Salva parasite Larvae in the stems. host plants Lamiaceae, monophagous Salvia. distribution within Europe Turkey. references Rejzek, Sama & Alziar (2001a), Sama, Buse, Orbach, ao (2010a).

Neomusaria parasite

Musaria wachanrui parasite

Musaria wachanrui (Mulsant, 1851) on Eryngium parasite Larvae in the stems. host plants Apiaceae, monophagous Eryngium. distribution within Europe Turkey. references Rejzek, Sama & Alziar (2001a), Sama, Buse, Orbach, ao (2010a).

Musaria parasite

Helladia alziari parasite

Helladia alziari Sama, 1992 on Dittrichia parasite Larvae in the roots and stems. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Dittrichia viscosa. distribution within Europe Turkey. references Sama, Buse, Orbach, ao (2010a).

Helladia armeniaca parasite

Helladia armeniaca (Frivaldszky, 1878) on Podospermum parasite Larvae in the roots and stems. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Podospermum alpigenum. distribution within Europe Turkey. references Rejzek, Sama & Alziar (2001a), Sama, Buse, Orbach, ao (2010a).

Helladia parasite

Pilemia hirsutula parasite

Pilemia hirsutula (Frölich, 1893) on Phlomis, etc. parasite Larvae in roots and stems. host plants Lamiaceae, oligophagous Ballota nigra; Eremostachys laciniata; Marrubium vulgare; Phlomis tuberosa; Stachys recta. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). synonyms Phytoecia hirsutula. references Rejzek, Sama & Alziar (2001a), Sama, Buse, Orbach, ao (2010a), Sláma (1998a).

Coptosia ganglbaueri parasite

Coptosia ganglbaueri Pic, 1936 on Anchusa, etc. parasite Larvae in the roots and stems. host plants Boraginaceae, oligophagous Anchusa strigosa; Cynoglottis barrelieri; Echium glomeratum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Sama, Buse, Orbach, ao (2010a).

Coptosia parasite

Oxylia argentata parasite

Oxylia argentata (Ménétriés, 1832) on Anchusa, etc. parasite Larvae in the roots and stems. host plants Boraginaceae, oligophagous Anchusa azurea; Echium italicum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Rejzek, Sama & Alziar (2001a), Sama, Buse, Orbach, ao (2010a).

Oxylia parasite

Saperda quercus parasite

Saperda quercus Charpentier, 1825 on Quercus parasite Larvae bore in living branches. host plants Fagaceae, monophagous Quercus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Sama, Buse, Orbach, ao (2010a).

Agapanthia kirbyi parasite

Agapanthia kirbyi (Gyllenhal, 1817) on Verbascum, etc. parasite Larvae in the stems. host plants polyphagous Carduus; Centaurea iberica, solstitialis; Onopordum; Silybum marianum; Verbascum lychnitis, speciosum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Kovács (1997a), Mi̇roğlu, Ateş, Çikman & Özgen (2019a), Sama, Buse, Orbach, ao (2010a), Sláma (1998a).

Agapanthia frivaldszkyi parasite

Agapanthia frivaldszkyi Ganglbauer, 1884 on Cephalaria parasite Larvae in the stems. host plants Caprifoliaceae, monophagous Cephalaria microcephala, speciosa. However, according to Rejzek ao Serratula. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Rejzek, Sama & Alziar (2001a), Sama, Buse, Orbach, ao (2010a).

Anarta stigmosa parasite

Anarta stigmosa (Christoph, 1887) on halophytes parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Amaranthaceae, oligophagous Atriplex; Chenopodium; Salsola. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Kravchenko, Fibiger, Mooser, ao (2007a).

Anarta pugnax parasite

Anarta pugnax (Hübner, 1824) on Hippocrepis, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, oligophagous Hippocrepis; Lotus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dapporto (1998a), Lepiforum (2021).

Coranarta cordigera parasite

Coranarta cordigera (Thunberg, 1792) small dark yellow underwing on Arctostaphylos, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Ericaceae, oligophagous Andromeda polifolia; Arctostaphylos uva-ursi; Rhododendron tomentosum; Vaccinium oxycoccos, uliginosum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Anarta cordigera. references Ebert (ed., 1998a), Lepiforum (2021), Malkiewicz & Wiśniewski (2019a).

Coranarta parasite

Anarta myrtilli parasite

Anarta myrtilli (Linnaeus, 1761) beautiful yellow underwing on Calluna, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Ericaceae, oligophagous Calluna vulgaris; Erica tetralix. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Pyrgus. references Ebert (ed., 1998a), Huertas Dionisio (2007a), Lepiforum (2021), Pyrgus (2021).

Anarta odontites parasite

Anarta odontites (Boisduval, 1829) on Hippocrepis parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Hippocrepis comosa. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Pyrgus. synonyms Hadula odontites; Discestra microdon (Guenée, 1852). references Ebert (ed., 1998a), Lepiforum (2021), Pyrgus (2021).

Agapanthia suturalis parasite

Agapanthia suturalis (Fabricius, 1787) on herbs parasite Larvae in the stems. host plants polyphagous Carduus; Cirsium; Jasione montanal Knautia arvensis; Melilotus; Salvia pratensis; Valeriana officinalis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Sama, Buse, Orbach, ao (2010a).

Calamobius filum parasite

Calamobius filum (Rossi, 1790) on grasses parasite Larvae in the lower part of the culms. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Agropyron; Arrhenatherum elatius; Avena longiglumis, sativa, sterilis; Calamagrostis canescens, epigeios, pseudophragmites; Dactylis glomerata; Hordeum; Leymus racemosus subsp. sabulosus; Phalaroides arundinacea; Poa; Secale cereale; “Sulla coronaria”; Triticum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Belgers (2012a), Boichuk & […]

Calamobius parasite

Phoracantha semipunctata parasite

Phoracantha semipunctata (Fabricius, 1775) eucalyptus longhorned borer on Eucalyptus parasite Larvae bore under the bark of dying or weakened trees. host plants Myrtaceae, monophagous Eucalyptus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). notes Originally an Australian species, currently a cosmopolitan. references Sama, Buse, Orbach, ao (2010a), Suma, Nucifora, Caleca ao (2018a).

Phoracantha parasite

Purpuricenus interscapillatus parasite

Purpuricenus interscapillatus Plavilstshikov, 1937 on broadleaved trees parasite The young larva tunnels a circular gallery under the bark of a thin, live branch. The larva then lives and pupates in the distal, died, part of the branch. host plants polyphagous Crataegus; Prunus; Quercus coccifera, ithaburensis; Rhamnus lycioides subsp. graeca. distribution within Europe Cyprus, Turkey. references […]

Purpuricenus dalmatinus parasite

Purpuricenus dalmatinus Sturm, 1843 on Quercus parasite Larvae bore in the stem and in the branches. host plants Fagaceae, monophagous Quercus coccifera, ithaburensis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Sama, Buse, Orbach, ao (2010a).

Purpuricenus parasite

Chlorophorus trifasciatus parasite

Chlorophorus trifasciatus (Fabricius, 1781) on Ononis, etc. parasite Larvae in the roots. host plants Fabaceae, oligophagous Dorycnium hirsutum; Ononis natrix. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Sama, Buse, Orbach, ao (2010a).

Chlorophorus parasite

Plagionotus floralis parasite

Plagionotus floralis (Pallas, 1773) lucerne longicorn, alfalfa longhorn beetle on Medicago, etc. parasite Larvae bore in roots and stems. host plants Fabaceae, oligophagous Medicago sativa; Melilotus; Onobrychis. Also associated with Achillea millefolium; Amaranthus; Camellia; Euphorbia seguieriana. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). synonyms Echinocerus floralis. references Kovács (1997a), Sama, Buse, Orbach, ao (2010a).

Plagionotus parasite

Ropalopus ledereri parasite

Ropalopus ledereri Fairmaire, 1866 on broadleaved trees parasite Larvae feeding within terminal twigs of living trees. host plants polyphagous Crataegus; Malus trilobata; Quercus coccifera. distribution within Europe Turkey. references Sama, Buse, Orbach, ao (2010a).

Ropalopus parasite

Aromia moschata parasite

Aromia moschata (Linnaeus, 1758) musk beetle on Salix, etc. parasite Larvae bore in the wood of dead stems and branches. host plants polyphagous Acer; Alnus; Populus nigra; Salix caprea; Sorbus. Primarily Salix distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Hellrigl (2010c), Kovács (1997a), Sama, Buse, Orbach, ao (2010a).

Aromia parasite

Certallum ebulinum parasite

Certallum ebulinum (Linnaeus, 1767) on herbs parasite Larvae in the roots and stems. host plants Brassicaceae, oligophagous Erysimum grandiflorum; Raphanus; Sisymbrium. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Mifsud (22002a), Sama, Buse, Orbach, ao (2010a).

Certallum parasite

Cerambycinae parasite

Agapanthia naciyae parasite

Agapanthia naciyae Rapuzzi & Sama 2012 on Astragalus parasite Larvae bore in the stems. host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Astragalus. distribution within Europe Turkey. references Rapuzzi & Sama (2012a).

Agapanthia osmanlis parasite

Agapanthia osmanlis Reiche, 1858 on Cephalaria, Dipsacus parasite Larvae bore in the stems. host plants Caprifoliaceae, oligophagous Cephalaria procera; Dipsacus fullonum, lacinatus. ? Also Klasea radiata (Rejzek ao). distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Kovács (1997a), Rejzek, Sama & Alziar (2001a), Rapuzzi & Sama (2012a), Tozlu (2010a).

Agapanthia ozdikmeni parasite

Agapanthia ozdikmeni Rapuzzi & Sama 2012 on Cephalaria parasite Larvae bore in the stem. host plants Caprifoliaceae, monophagous Cephalaria procera. distribution within Europe Turkey. references Rapuzzi & Sama (2012a).

Oria musculosa parasite

Oria musculosa (Hübner, 1808) brighton wainscot on grassen parasite Larvae bore in the stems. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Aegilops cylindrica; Alopecurus; Anisantha tectorum; Arrhenatherum elatius; Avena fatua, sativa; Brachypodium pinnatum; Bromopsis inermis; Calamagrostis epigeios; Cynodon dactylon; Dactylis; Elytrigia repens; Festuca ovina; Hordeum murinum; Lolium multiflorum; Panicum; Secale cereale; Setaria; Triticum aestivum; Zea mays. distribution within […]

Oria parasite

Agapanthia viti parasite

Agapanthia viti Rapuzzi & Sama, 2012 on Dipsacus parasite Larvae bore in the stem. host plants Caprifoliaceae, monophagous Dipsacus laciniatus. distribution within Europe Balkan, Hungary. references Keszthelyi & Horváth (2015a), Rapuzzi & Sama (2012a).

Agapanthia lopadusae parasite

Agapanthia lopadusae Rapuzzi & Sparacio 2017 on Asphodelus, etc/ parasite Larvae bore in the stems. host plants polyphagous Asphodelus ramosus; ? Ferula. distribution within Europe Italy. references Rapuzzi & Sparacio (2017a).

Agapanthia intermedia parasite

Agapanthia intermedia Ganglbauer, 1884 on Knautia parasite Larvae bore in the stem. host plants Caprifoliaceae, monophagous Knautia arvensis, dipsacifolia, drymeia. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Adlbauer & Hölzer (2002a), Kovács (1997a), Lorenz (1997a), Sama (2008a), Sláma (1998a), Szczepański & Szczepański (2019a), Teunissen (2007a), Vitali (2018a).

Agapanthia villosoviridescens parasite

Agapanthia villosoviridescens (De Geer, 1775) golden-bloomed grey longhorn on thistles, etc. parasite Larvae bore in the stems. host plants polyphagous Angelica; Astrantia major; Anthriscus sylvestris; Carduus nutans; Chaerophyllum; Cirsium arvense, palustrem vulgare; Cynoglottis barrelieri; Erigeron annuus; Eupatorium; Filipendula; Helleborus; Heracleum sphondylium; Parasenecio; Senecio; Torilis; Urtica dioica; Veratrum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Feldmann (1990a), […]

Agapanthia cardui parasite

Agapanthia cardui (Linnaeus, 1767) on thistles, etc. parasite Larvae bore in the stem. host plants Asteraceae, oligophagous Artemisia; Carduus; Carthamus; Chrysanthemum; Leucanthemum vulgare; Cirsium; ? Knautia; Senecio. ? Also Asphodelus; Heracleum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). synonyms Agapanthia pannonica Kratochvíl, 1985. references Chmurova, Mendel, Potts & Barclay (2018a), Hellrigl (2010c), Sláma (1998a), Vitali (2018a).

Agapanthia parasite

Pilemia tigrina parasite

Pilemia tigrina (Mulsant, 1851) on Cynoglottis parasite Larvae bore in the stem. host plants Boraginaceae, monophagous Cynoglottis barrelieri. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). synonyms Phytoecia tigrina, anchusae Fuss, 1852. references Crișan, Manci, Ruicănescu & Rákosy (2017a), Gradinarov & Petrova (2019a), Kovács (1997a), Sartorius (1858a), Tóth, Csathó, Buşmachiu & Merkl (2016a).

Pilemia parasite

Phragmatiphila nexa parasite

Phragmatiphila nexa (Hübner, 1808) on “grasses” parasite Larvae bore in the culm. host plants polyphagous Carex riparia; Glyceria maxima; Typha. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Dapporto (1998a), Dapporto, Fiorini, Fiumi & Flamigni (2005a), Ebert (ed., 1998a), Huemer (2001a).

Phragmatiphila parasite

Saragossa porosa parasite

Saragossa porosa (Eversmann, 1854) on Artemisia, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Asteraceae, oligophagous Artemisia maritima, pontica; Tanacetum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Székely & Dincă (2009a), Vajgand (2017a).

Saragossa parasite

Pseudocercosporella gei parasite

Pseudocercosporella gei (Farlow) Braun, 1990 on Geum parasite Leaf spots pale, amphigenous, margin indistinct, narrow, purple. Caespituli epiphyllous. Conidiophores in compact bundles. Conidia acicular, 3 x 13-38 µm, 1-4 septate. host plants Rosaceae, monophagous Geum aleppicum, urbanum. references Połeć & Ruszkiewicz-Michalska (2012a).

Pseudocercosporella parasite

Cercospora berteroae parasite

Cercospora berteroae Hollós, 1907 on Berteroa parasite Rak-margined amphigenous leaf spots. Caespituli amphigenous. Conidia solitary, straight, narrowly obclavate, 4-5 x 45-75 µm, 2-6 septate. host plants Brassicaceae, monophagous Berteroa incana. references Brandenburger (1985a: 183), Połeć & Ruszkiewicz-Michalska (2012a).

Gortyna xanthenes parasite

Gortyna xanthenes Germar, 1842 artichoke moth on Cynara parasite Larvae bore in the stem and in the flower head. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Cynara cardunculus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). synonyms Hydroecia xanthenes. references Gil Ortega (1999a).

Hydria montivaga parasite

Hydria montivaga (Duponchel, 1831) on Berberis parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Berberidaceae, monophagous Berberis hispanica, vulgaris. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). synonyms Rheumaptera montivaga, andalusica (Ribbe, 1912). references Leraut (2004a), Redondo & Gastón (2004a).

Celaena haworthii parasite

Celaena haworthii (Curtis, 1829) Haworth’s minor on Eriophorum, ? etc. parasite Larvae at/in the stems. host plants polyphagous Eriophorum angustifolium, vaginatum. Possibly alo Calamagrostis; Deschampsia; Juncus; Nardus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). synonyms Calamia haworthii. references Bator (2002a), Lepiforum (2021), Pyrgus (2021). Ebert (ed., 1998a).

Celaena parasite

Calamia tridens parasite

Calamia tridens (Hufnagel, 1766) burren green on grasses parasite Larvae freely on the culms. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Arrhenatherum elatius; Brachypodium pinnatum; Bromopsis erecta; Festuca ovina. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Pyrgus. references Ebert (ed., 1998a), Lepiforum (2021), Pyrgus (2021).

Calamia parasite

Gortyna borelii parasite

Gortyna borelii Pierret, 1837 Fisher’s estuarine moth on Peucedanum parasite Larvae bore in the stem and in the rhizome. host plants Apiaceae, monophagous Peucedanum officinale. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Pyrgus, Ringwood ao. references Ebert (ed., 1998a), Lepiforum (2021), Pyrgus (2021), Ringwood, Gardiner, Steiner & Hill (2002a), Ringwood, Hill & […]

Oxicesta chamoenices parasite

Oxicesta chamoenices (Herrich-Schäffer, 1845) on Euphorbia parasite Larvae freely on the leaves; young larvae communal. host plants Euphorbiaceae, monophagous Euphorbia cyparissias, nicaeensis, seguieriana. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Pyrgus. references Lepiforum (2021), Pyrgus (2021).

Paysandisia archon parasite

Paysandisia archon (Burmeister, 1880) south american palm borer on palms parasite Ovisition in the crown of the plant. The larvae bore inside, sometimes initially a a still folded leaf, but u;ltimalety in the stem. The reach a length of 9 cm and lave for one or to years. Pupation in a cocoon, made out of […]

Paysandisia parasite

Castniinae parasite

Castniidae parasite

Gortyna flavago parasite

Gortyna flavago (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) frosted orange on herbs parasite Larvae in the stems. host plants polyphagous Arctium lappa, tomentosum; Artemisia; Caltha palustris; Cirsium oleraceum, vulgare; Digitalis; Eupatorium cannabinum; Filipendula ulmaria; Hypericum perforatum; Jacobaea vulgaris; Petasites hybridus; Ranunculus acris; Scrophularia auriculata, nodosa; Senecio ovatus; Urtica dioica; Valeriana; Verbascum nigrum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). […]

Gortyna parasite

Amphipoea lucens parasite

Amphipoea lucens (Freyer, 1845) arge ear on Molinia, etc. parasite Larvae in the base of the plant. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Molinia caerulea. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Embacher (1983a), Ebert (ed., 1998a).

Amphipoea fucosa parasite

Amphipoea fucosa (Freyer, 1830) saltern ear on grassen parasite Larvae in the base of the plant. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Calamagrostis; Dactylis; Elytrigia repens; Hordeum murinum; Lolium perenne. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Ebert (ed., 1998a).

Eupithecia rosmarinata parasite

Eupithecia rosmarinata Dardoin & Millière, 1865 on Rosmarinus parasite Larvae freely on the inflorescence. host plants Lamiaceae,? monophagous Rosmarinus officinalis. ? Also Thymus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Bertaccini & Campri (2007a), Lepiforum (2021).

Archanara neurica parasite

Archanara neurica (Hübner, 1808) white-mantled wainscoat on Phalaroides, etc. parasite Larvae bore in the culm, causing the death of some of the younger leaves. The karva several times moves to a new culm. Pupation in the culm. host plants polyphagous Juncus; Phalaroides arundinacea; Phragmites australis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Pyrgus. […]

Archanara dissoluta parasite

Archanara dissoluta (Treitschke, 1825) brown-veined wainscot on Phragmites parasite Larvae bore in the culm, causing the death of some of the younger leaves. The karva several times moves to a new culm, making a characteristic opening. Pupation in the culm. host plants Poaceae, monophagous Phragmites australis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Ebert (ed., 1998a), […]

Archanara parasite

Lenisa geminipuncta parasite

Lenisa geminipuncta (Haworth, 1809) twin-spotted wainscot on Phragmites parasite Larvae bore in the culm, causing the death of some of the younger leaves. The karva several times moves to a new culm, making a characteristic opening. Pupation in the culm. host plants Poaceae, monophagous Phragmites australis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see […]

Lenisa parasite

Epiphyas postvittana parasite

Epiphyas postvittana (Walker, 1863) light brown apple moth mainly on dicotyledons parasite Larvae among spun leaves. host plants extremely polyphagous Actinidia deliciosa; Camellia; Ceanothus; Citrus; Diospyros; Eriobotrya; Fragaria; Laurus nobilis; Lonicera; Malus domestica; Mangifera indica; Musa x paradisiaca; Persea americana; Pyracantha; Pyrus; Rhododendron; Ribes; Rubus; Skimmia japonica; Vaccinium; Viscum album; Vitis. distribution within Europe PESI […]

Epiphyas parasite

Luperina siegeli parasite

Luperina siegeli Berio, 1986 on grasses parasite Larvae bore in the roots. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous In captivity Poa trivialis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Konrad. references Konrad (2010a).

Xestia jordani parasite

Xestia jordani (Turati, 1912) on Erica parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Ericaceae, monophagous Erica arborea. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Konrad. synonyms Coenophila jordani. references Konrad (2010a).

Luperina dumerilii parasite

Luperina dumerilii (Duponchel, 1826) EEEDumeril’s rustic on grasses parasite Larvae freely at the roots. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Arrhenatherum elatius; Bromopsis erecta; Bromus hordeaceus; Dactylis glomerata; Poa angustifolia, pratensis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Ebert (ed., 1998a), Ochse, Geier & Rosenbauer (2002a).

Amphipoea oculea parasite

Amphipoea oculea (Linnaeus, 1761) ear moth on grasses parasite Larvae in/at the basal parts of the plant. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Deschampsia cespitosa. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Dapporto (1998a), Ebert (ed., 1998a).

Amphipoea parasite

Luperina nickerlii parasite

Luperina nickerlii (Freyer, 1845) sandhill rustic on grasses parasite Larvae freely at the roots. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Cynosurus cristatus; Elytrigia juncea; Festuca ovina, rubra; Parapholis incurva; Puccinellia maritima. Possibly Festuca ovina is the only host plant (Gelbrecht & Weidlich). distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Ebert (ed., 1998a), Gelbrecht & Weidlich (1992a), Vávra (2016a).

Luperina parasite

Luperina testacea parasite

Luperina testacea (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) flounced rustic on grassen parasite Larvae freely at the roots. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Avena sativa; Dactylis glomerata; Elytrigia repens; Hordeum vulgare; Triticum aestivum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Pyrgus. references Ebert (ed., 1998a), Pyrgus (2021).

Coenobia rufa parasite

Coenobia rufa (Haworth, 1809) small rufous on Juncus parasite Larvae in the stems; move several times; pupation in a stem. host plants Juncaceae, monophagous Juncus articulatus, effusus, subnodulosus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Ebert (ed., 1998a), Schaefer (1980a).

Coenobia parasite

Denticucullus pygmina parasite

Denticucullus pygmina (Haworth, 1809) small wainscot on “grasses” parasite Larvae in the culms. host plants polyphagous Carex; Festuca; Glyceria; Juncus; Poa; Typha. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). synonyms Chortodes pygminus, Photedes pygmina. references Bella, Parenzan & Russo (2009a), Ebert (ed., 1998a), Schaefer (1980a.

Denticucullus parasite

Photedes minima parasite

Photedes minima (Haworth, 1809) smal dotted buff on grassen parasite Larvae in the culms. host plants Poaceae, monophagous Avenella flexuosa; Deschampsia cespitosa. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Chortodes minimus. references Corley, Merckx, Cardoso, ao (2012a), Ebert (ed., 1998a), Lepiforum (2021), Schaefer (1980a).

Arenostola phragmitidis parasite

Arenostola phragmitidis (Hübner, 1803) fen wainscot on Phragmites parasite Larvae bore in the culm, causing the death of some of the younger leaves. They move several times to another culm; opening in the side of the culm. Pupation in the mud. host plants Poaceae, monophagous Phragmites australis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa […]

Arenostola parasite

Eremobia ochroleuca parasite

Eremobia ochroleuca (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) dusky sallow on grasses parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Alopecurus pratensis; Arrhenatherum elatius; Avenula pubescens; Cynosurus cristatus; Dactylis glomerata; Elytrigia repens; Lolium temulentum; Phleum pratense; Secale cereale. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 1998a), Lepiforum (2021).

Eremobia parasite

Photedes captiuncula parasite

Photedes captiuncula (Treitschke, 1825) least minor on “Grasses” parasite Larvae in the leaf sheaths. host plants ? polyphagous Carex flacca. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Bertaccini (2008b), Ebert (ed., 1998a).

Mesapamea secalella parasite

Mesapamea secalella Remm, 1983 on grasses parasite Larvae in the leaf sheaths. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Holcus lanatu; Phalaroides arundinacea. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Mesapamea didyma auct. references Ebert (ed., 1998a), Lepiforum (2021), Wirooks & Theissen (1999a), Wirooks & Theissen (1999a).

Mesapamea secalis parasite

Mesapamea secalis (Linnaeus, 1758) common rustic on grasses parasite Larvae in the leaf sheaths. They destroy seedlings in the autumn, and continue eating the uppermost leaf sheath of older plants the following spring, causing the diagnostic “white head” appearance. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Alopecurus; Arrhenatherum; Avena; Dactylis glomerata; Phleum pratense; Secale cereale; Triticum aestivum; Zea […]

Mesapamea parasite

Litoligia literosa parasite

Litoligia literosa (Haworth, 1809) rosy minor on grasses parasite Larvae in the leaf sheaths. host plants Poaceae, ? oligophagous Dactylis glomerata. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa seePyrgus. synonyms Mesoligia literosa. references Ebert (ed., 1998a), Pyrgus (2021).

Litoligia parasite

Hyssia cavernosa parasite

Hyssia cavernosa (Eversmann, 1842) on kruiden parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Aristolochia clematitis; Picris hieracioides; Silene. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Huemer & Mayr (1999a), Lepiforum (2021), Lind (2008a), Švitra, Dapkus & Kazlauskas (2003a).

Hyssia parasite

Eucarta virgo parasite

Eucarta virgo (Treitschke, 1835) silvery gem on Artemisia, Tanacetum parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Asteraceae, oligophagous Artemisia vulgaris; Chrysanthemum; Tanacetum vulgare. Also mentioned from Mentha; Salix; Taraxacum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Pyrgus. references Lehmann & Gelbrecht (2004a), Lepiforum (2021), Pyrgus (2021), Švitra, Dapkus & Kazlauskas (2003a), […]

Standfussiana lucernea parasite

Standfussiana lucernea (Linnaeus, 1758) on heerbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Artemisia; Campanula; Cerastium; Chamerion; Primula veris; Saxifraga; Sedum; Stellaria media. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Pyrgus. references Kravchenko, Poltavsky & Müller (2018a), Lepiforum (2021), Pyrgus (2021).

Standfussiana parasite

Eremohadena chenopodiphaga parasite

Eremohadena chenopodiphaga (Rambur, 1832) on halophytes host plants Amaranthaceae, oligophagous “Chenopodium fruticosum” (? Suaeda vera), Halimione portulacoides; Salsola soda. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Kravchenko, Poltavsky & Müller (2018a).

Eremohadena parasite

Mesoligia furuncula parasite

Mesoligia furuncula (Dens & Schiffermüller, 1775) cloaked minor on “grasses” parasite Larvae in the culms. host plants polyphagous Arrhenatherum elatius; Calamagrostis epigeios; Deschampsia cespitosa; Glyceria maxima; Luzula luzuloides; Schedonorus arundinaceus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Ebert (ed., 1998a).

Mesoligia parasite

Oligia latruncula parasite

Oligia latruncula (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) tawny marbled minor on grasses parasite Larvae in the culms. host plants Poaceae, ? oligophagous Dactylis glomerata. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Pyrgus. references Ebert (ed., 1998a), Kravchenko, Poltavsky & Müller (2018a), Lepiforum (2021), Pyrgus (2021).

Oligia versicolor parasite

Oligia versicolor (Borkhausen, 1792) rufous minor on “grasses” parasite Larvae in the culms. host plants polyphagous Brachypodium sylvaticum; Carex; Luzula luzuloides; Milium effusum; Poa pratensis. In captivity also Anisantha sterilis; Dactylis glomerata. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Pyrgus. references Corley, Merckx, Cardoso, ao (2012a), Ebert (ed., 1998a), Pyrgus (2021), Wirooks & […]

Oligia strigilis parasite

Oligia strigilis (Linnaeus, 1758) marbled minor on grasses parasite Larvae in the basal part of the culm. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Dactylis glomerata; Deschampsia cespitosa; Elymus; Poa. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Pyrgus. references Ebert (ed., 1998a), Koren, Vukotić & Črne (2015a), Pyrgus (2021), Vegliante & Zilli (2007a).

Oligia parasite

Apamea maillardi parasite

Apamea maillardi (Geyer, 1834) on Deschampsia, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Deschampsia cespitosa. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Pyrgus. references Pyrgus (2021).

Apamea oblonga parasite

Apamea oblonga (Haworth, 1809) crescent striped on grasses parasite Larvae at the base of the plants. host plants Poaceae, ? oligophagous Puccinellia. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Bentley (2008a).

Lateroligia ophiogramma parasite

Lateroligia ophiogramma (Esper, 1794) double lobed on Phalaroides parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Phalaroides arundinacea. Sometimes Glyceria maxima; Phragmites australis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Pyrgus. synonyms Apamea ophiogramma. references Ebert (ed., 1997b), Lepiforum (2021), Pyrgus (2021), Wirooks & Theissen (1999a).

Lateroligia parasite

Apamea scolopacina parasite

Apamea scolopacina (Esper, 1788) slender brindle on “grasses” parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants restricted polyphagous Alopecurus pratensis; Brachypodium sylvaticum; Briza media; Carex spicata, sylvatica; Dactylis glomerata & subsp. lobata; Elymus caninus; Glyceria notata; Luzula; Milium effusum; Poa nemoralis, trivialis; Scirpus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Pyrgus. references […]

Apamea sordens parasite

Apamea sordens (Hufnagel, 1766) rustic shoulder-knot on cereals, grssses parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Avena sativa; Brachypodium sylvaticum; Calamagrostis epigeiosl Dactylis glomerata; Elytrigia repens; Hordeum; Leymus arenarius; Phalaroides arundinacea; Phleum pratense; Phragmites australis; Schedonorus pratensis; Secale cereale; Triticum aestivum; Zea mays. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see […]

Apamea ramonae parasite

Apamea ramonae Wagner, 2015 on Festuca parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, monophagous Festuca francoi. distribution within Europe Azores. egg, larva, pupa see Pyrgus, Wagner. references Pyrgus (2021), Wagner (2015b).

Colostygia wolfschlaegerae parasite

Colostygia wolfschlaegerae (Pinker, 1953) on Galium parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Rubiaceae, monophagous Galium palustre. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Pyrgus. synonyms Calostigia wolfschlaegerae. references Pinker (1956a), Pyrgus (2021).

Apamea sphagnicola parasite

Apamea sphagnicola Wagner, 2014 on Festuca parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, monophagous Festuca francoi. distribution within Europe Azores. egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Pyrgus. references Wagner (2014a, 2015b), Pyrgus (2021)

Apamea exulis parasite

Apamea exulis (Lefèbvre, 1836) northern arches on Molinia parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, ? monophagous Molinia caerulea. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Haggett. references Haggett (2017a).

Agrochola haematidea parasite

Agrochola haematidea (Duponchel, 1827) southern chestnut on Erica parasite Larvae in the inflorescence and on the leaves. host plants Ericaceae, monophagous Erica arborea, cinerea, scoparia, tetralix. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Pyrgus. references Carnet & Garrin (2016a), Fernández Vidal (2018c), Lepiforum (2021), Pyrgus (2021).

Apamea anceps parasite

Apamea anceps (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) large nutmeg on grasses parasite Larvae at the inflorescence. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Ammophila arenaria; Brachypodium; Dactylis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 1997b), Huertas Dionisio (2007a), Kravchenko, Fibiger, Mooser, ao (2008b), Lepiforum (2021).

Apamea illyria parasite

Apamea illyria Freyer, 1846 on Calamagrostis, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Calamagrostis epigeios; Dactylis glomerata; Milium. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Pyrgus.de. references Dapporto (1998a), Ebert (ed., 1997b), Lepiforum (2021), Pyrgus (2021).

Apamea unanimis parasite

Apamea unanimis (Hübner, 1813) small clouded brindle on grasses parasite Larvae at night on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Phalaroides arundinacea; Phragmites australis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Ebert (ed., 1997b), pyrgus (2021).

Apamea remissa parasite

Apamea remissa (Hübner, 1809) dusky brocade on grasses parasite Larvae freely on the inflorescence. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Calamagrostis arundinacea, epigeiois, villosa; Dactylis glomerata; Deschampsia cespitosa; Elytrigia repens; Molinia caerulea; Ochlopoa annua; Phalaroides arundinacea; Schedonorus giganteus; Secale cereale. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 1997b), Lepiforum (2021).

Apamea platinea parasite

Apamea platinea (Treitschke, 1825) on grasses parasite Larvae at the roots. host plants Poaceae, ? monophagous Festuca ovina, pallens. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Dapporto (1998a), Ebert (ed., 1997b).

Apamea rubrirena parasite

Apamea rubrirena (Treitschke, 1815) on grasses parasite Larvae at the basal part of the stem. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Calamagrostis arundinacea; Drymochloa sylvatica. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Ebert (ed., 1997b), Zub & Nässig (1996a).

Euura leptocephalus parasite

Euura leptocephalus (Thomson, 1863) on Salix parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Salicaceae, monophagous Salix glauca. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Prous, Liston & Mutanen (2021a).

Teinoptera olivina parasite

Teinoptera olivina (Herrich-Schäffer, 1852) on Dianthus host plants Caryophyllaceae, monophagous Dianthus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Jakšić (2018a).

Teinoptera parasite

Apamea furva parasite

Apamea furva (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) confused on Festuca parasite Larvae at the roots. host plants Poaceae, monophagous Festuca ovina, pallens. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Ebert (ed., 1997b).

Apamea lateritia parasite

Apamea lateritia (Hufnagel, 1766) scarce brindle on grasses parasite Larvae at the roots. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Avenella flexuosa; Deschampsia cespitosa; Festuca ovina; Nardus stricta. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Corley, Rosete, Romão, ao (2015a), Ebert (ed., 1997b).

Apamea aquila parasite

Apamea aquila Donzel, 1837 on Molinia parasite Larvae in the inflorescence. host plants Poaceae, monophagous Molinia caerulea. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Pyrgus. references Ebert (ed., 1997b), Hemmersbach (2001a), Pyrgus (2021), Šumpich (2015a).

Apamea epomidion parasite

Apamea epomidion (Haworth, 1809) clouded brindle on grasses parasite Larvae at the roots. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Brachypodium sylvaticum; Drymochloa sylvatica. ? Also Rubus fruticosus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Apamea characterea (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775). references Ebert (ed., 1997b), Lepiforum (2021), Sarto i Monteys (1984b).

Apamea crenata parasite

Apamea crenata (Hufnagel, 1766) clouded-bordered brindle on grasses parasite Larvae at the roots. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Avenella flexuosa; Calamagrostis epigeios; Deschampsia cespitosa; Drymochloa sylvatica; Molinia. ? also Rubus fruticosus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dapporto (1998a), Ebert (ed., 1997b), Lepiforum (2021), Wirooks & Theissen (1999a).

Apamea sublustris parasite

Apamea sublustris (Esper, 1788) reddish light arches on grasses parasite Larvae freely at the roots. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Festuca ovina; Molinia. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Ebert (ed., 1997b).

Narraga fasciolaria parasite

Narraga fasciolaria (Hufnagel, 1767) on Artemisia parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Artemisia campestris. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Kasy (1959a), Lepiforum (2021).

Lycophotia erythrina parasite

Lycophotia erythrina (Herrich-Schäffer, 1852) on ? Erica parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Ericaceae, monophagous ? Erica arborea. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). synonyms Paucgraphia erythrina. references Grassi, Pimpinelli, Pinzari & Zilli (2007a).

Cucullia biornata parasite

Cucullia biornata Fischer von Waldheim, 1840 on Artemisia parasite Larvae freely on the inflorescence. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Artemisia. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Székely, Dincă & Juhász (2011a).

Cucullia argentina parasite

Cucullia argentina (Fabricius, 1787) on Artemisia parasite Larvae freely on the inflorescence. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Artemisia. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Székely & Dincă (2009a), Székely, Dincă & Juhász (2011a).

Eupithecia extensaria parasite

Eupithecia extensaria (Freyer, 1845) on Artemisia parasite Larvae freely on the inflorescence. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Artemisia campestris. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Malkiewicz ao. references Malkiewicz, Buszko & Stelmaszczyk (2007a), Székely, Dincă & Juhász (2011a).

Eupithecia variostrigata parasite

Eupithecia variostrigata Alphéraky, 1876 on Artemisia parasite Larvae freely on the inflorescence. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Artemisia caerulescens, herba-alba, ? scoparia. that also Camphorosma monspeliaca would be a host plant seems less likely. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Lepiforum (2021), Sciarretta & Zahm (2003a), Székely, Dincă & Juhász (2011a).

Narraga tessularia parasite

Narraga tessularia (Metzner, 1845) on Artemisia parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Artemisia alba, maritima. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Jakšić (2018a), Kasy (1959a), Lepiforum (2021), Székely, Dincă & Juhász (2011a).

Narraga parasite

Cardepia affinis parasite

Cardepia affinis Rothschild, 1913 on halophytes parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Amaranthaceae, oligophagous Atriplex; Halocnemum strobilaceum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Bella, Parenzan & Russo (2009a), Kravchenko, Fibiger, Mooser, ao (2007a).

Cardepia sociabilis parasite

Cardepia sociabilis (de Graslin, 1850) on Salsola, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Amaranthaceae, oligophagous Atriplex prostrata; Salsola vermiculata. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Discestra sociabilis. references Fernández, Cifuentes, Romera, ao (2006a), Huertas Dionisio (2007a), Lepiforum (2021).

Cardepia parasite

Apamea lithoxylaea parasite

Apamea lithoxylaea (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) light arches on grasses parasite Larvae freely at the roots. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Ochlopoa annua. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 1997b), Lepiforum (2021), Vegliante & Zilli (2007a).

Apamea monoglypha parasite

Apamea monoglypha (Hufnagel, 1766) dark arches on grasses parasite Larvae freely at the roots. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Brachypodium; Bromus; Calamagrostis; Corynephorus; Dactylis glomerata; Deschampsia; Elymus; Festuca ovina; Lolium. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Adolph, Kortstock, Niehoff & Schweitzer (2019a). Ebert (ed., 1997b), Kravchenko, Fibiger, Mooser, ao (2008b), Lepiforum […]

Apamea parasite

Mniotype solieri parasite

Mniotype solieri (Boisduval, 1829) bedrule brocade on herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Pelargonium zonale; Valeriana tuberosa. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dapporto (1998a), Lepiforum (2021), Vegliante & Zilli (2007a).

Mniotype adusta parasite

Mniotype adusta (Esper, 1790) dark brocade on herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Achillea; Erica; Galium; Lactuca; Origanum; Salix; Silene. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dapporto (1998a), Ebert (ed., 1997b), Lepiforum (2021).

Mniotype satura parasite

Mniotype satura (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) beautiful arches on herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Cirsium arvense; Humulus lupulus; Lonicera; Prunus; Scrophularia. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Dolinskaya, Lepiforum. synonyms Blepharita satura. references Dapporto (1998a), Dolinskaya (2011a), Ebert (ed., 1997b), Lepiforum (2021).

Atriplex nummularia parasite

old man saltbush organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf vagrant Erebidae Orgyia dubia

Oxicesta geographica parasite

Oxicesta geographica (Fabricius, 1787) on Euphorbia parasite Larvae communally on the leaves. host plants Euphorbiaceae, monophagous Euphorbia amygdaloides, cyparissias, nicaeensis subsp. stepposa. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Pyrgus. references Cristofaro, Gassmann & Pecora (1994a), Lepiforum (2021), Pyrgus (2021).

Calophasia hamifera parasite

Calophasia hamifera Staudinger, 1863 on Linaria parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Plantaginaceae, monophagous Linaria nivea. The reference by Kraus to Linum might be a mistake. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Kraus (2000a), Lepiforum (2021).

Cucullia scrophulariphila parasite

Cucullia scrophulariphila (Staudinger, 1859) on Scrophularia parasite Larvae freely on the inflorescence. host plants Scrophulariaceae, monophagous Scrophularia auriculata. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Shargacucullia scrophulariphila. references Kraus (2000a), Lepiforum (2021).

Orgyia dubia parasite

Orgyia dubia Tauscher, 1806)Tauscher, 1806) tussock moth on shrubs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Atriplex halimus, nummularia; Calicotome; Chenopodium quinoa; Polygonum equisetiforme. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Patočka ao. references Imam & Mansour (2019a), Kraus (2000a), Lepiforum (2021), Patočka & Turčáni (2008a) .

Albarracina warionis parasite

Albarracina warionis (Oberthür, 1881) on Ephedra parasite Larvae freely on the plants. host plants Ephedraceae, monophagous Ephedra fragilis, major. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Kraus (2000a), Lepiforum (2021). Murria (1994a).

Albarracina parasite

Oxicesta serratae parasite

Oxicesta serratae Zerny, 1927 on Euphorbia parasite Larvae communally on the leaves. host plants Euphorbiaceae, monophagous Euphorbia serrata. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see García-Barros. references García-Barros (1984a), Kraus (2000a).

Oxicesta parasite

Garella nilotica parasite

Garella nilotica (Rogenhofer, 1882) black olive caterpillar moth on Tamarix, etc. parasite Larvae bore in galls, induced by gall mites. host plants Tamarix, monophagous Tamarix aphylla, nilotica. In the sub-tropics outside of Europe on numerous other plant families. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). synonyms Characoma nilotica. references Caldwell & Ali (2016a), Grenier & Grenier (2014a), […]

Garella parasite

Polymixis polymita parasite

Polymixis polymita (Linnaeus, 1761) on herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants ? polyphagous Convolvulus arvensis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Lepiforum (2021), Tóth, Tóthová & Cagáň (2004a).

Polymixis serpentina parasite

Polymixis serpentina (Treitschke, 1825) on herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Cichorium intybus; Hieracium murorum; Medicago sativa; Myosoton; Stellaria media. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ippolito & Parenzan (1998a), Lepiforum (2021).

Polymixis culoti parasite

Polymixis culoti (Schawerda, 1921) on herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous In capvity: Lonicera; Lunaria; Rumex; Taraxacum; Urtica. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Ortner & Pöll. references Ortner & Pöll (1994a).

Polymixis bischoffii parasite

Polymixis bischoffii (Herrich-Schäffer, 1850) on herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous ? Sonchus; ? Taraxacum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Lepiforum (2021), Svendsen (1991a).

Polymixis lichenea parasite

Polymixis lichenea (Hübner, 1813) feathered ranunculus on herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Armeria maritima; Centranthus ruber; Sedum acre. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Lepiforum (2021), Wegner (2014a.

Polymixis rufocincta parasite

Polymixis rufocincta (Geyer, 1828) on herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Asplenium ruta-muraria; Dianthus; Hieracium; Lamium; Silene. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dapporto (1998a), Jakšić (2016a), Lepiforum (2021).

Polymixis sublutea parasite

Polymixis sublutea (Turati, 1909) on kruiden parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Fedia cornucopiae; Senecio. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Bella, Parenzan & Russo (2009a).

Crypsedra gemmea parasite

Crypsedra gemmea (Treitschke, 1825) cameo on grassen parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Host plants in nature are not known; on captivity successfully reared in Alopecurus pratensis; Avenella flexuosa; Deschampsia cespitosa; Holcus lanatus; Ochlopoa annua; Phleum pratense; Poa pratensis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Polymixis […]

Crypsedra parasite

Ammopolia witzenmanni parasite

Ammopolia witzenmanni (Standfuss, 1890) on Rhamnus, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Arbutus unedo; Arctostaphylos uva-ursi; Phillyrea angustifolia; Quercus ilex, rotundifolia; Rhamnus alaternus; Salix babylonica, caprea, cinerea subsp. oleifolia, eleagnos. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Bella, Parenzan & Russo (2009a), Lepiforum (2021), Pino Pérez (2015a), […]

Ammopolia parasite

Arytrura parasite

Arytrura musculus parasite

Arytrura musculus (Ménétriés, 1859) on Salix parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Salicaceae, monophagous Salix caprea. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Koren, Zadravec & Lauš (2017a).

Arytrurini parasite

Antitype suda parasite

Antitype suda (Geyer, 1832) on herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Galium; Silene. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Mrnjavčić Vojvoda, Mihoci, Vajdić & Kučinić (2014a).

Polymixis flavicincta parasite

Polymixis flavicincta (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) large ranunculus on herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Asphodelus; Rumex; Viola. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Andújar Tomás, Gómez Ladrón de Guevara & Ruano Marco (1985a), Ebert (ed., 1997b), Lepiforum (2021).

Polymixis xanthomista parasite

Polymixis xanthomista (Hübner, 1819) black-banded on herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants olyphagous Armeria maritima; Dipsacus fullonum; Genista pilosa; Hieracium; Lactuca; Limonium vulgare; Quercus; Rumex acetosa; Silene uniflora; Taraxacum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 1997b), Kraus (2000a), Lepiforum (2021).

Polymixis parasite

Ammoconia caecimacula parasite

Ammoconia caecimacula (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) on herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Arabis hirsuta; Betula pendula; Cephalanthera damasonium; Cytisus scoparius; Digitalis purpurea; Galium estebanii, glaucum, lucidum, mollugo, rotundifolium; Genista; Rumex acetosa, acetosella, hydrolapathum, obtusifolius; Salvia pratensis; Scrophularia canina; Silene gallica, legionensis, nutans, scabriflora; Smyrnium olusatrum; Stellaria media, nemorum subsp. montana; […]

Ammoconia senex parasite

Ammoconia senex (Geyer, 1826) on herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous ? Plantago; ? Taraxacum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Lepiforum (2021).

Ammoconia parasite

Antitype chi parasite

Antitype chi Antitype chi grey chi on herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Aquilegia vulgaris; Calluna vulgaris; Centaurea; Epilobium; Galium arenarium; Juncus effusus; Onobrychis viciifolia; Prenanthes purpurea; Rumex acetosella; Scrophularia nodosa; Senecio ovatus; Silene flos-cuculi; Trichophorum cespitosum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 1997b), […]

Antitype parasite

Aedia leucomelas parasite

Aedia leucomelas (Linnaeus, 1758) sorcerer, eastern alchymist, sweet potato leaf worm on Calystegia, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Convolvulaceae, oligophagous Calystegia sepium, silvatica; Convolvulus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dapporto (1998a), Koren, Vukotić & Črne (2015a), Kravchenko, Müller, Orlova & Seplyarskaya (2004a), Lepiforum (2021), Vegliante […]

Dryobota labecula parasite

Dryobota labecula (Esper, 1788) oak rustic on Quercus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fagaceae, monophagous Quercus ilex, rotundifolia, suber. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Toimil, Turčáni ao. references Dobado (2020a), Kraus (2000a), Lepiforum (2021), Marabuto (2018a), Toimil (1987a), Turčáni, Patočka & Kulfan (2010a).

Dryobota parasite

Periclista andrei parasite

Periclista andrei Konow, 1906 on Quercus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fagaceae, monophagous Quercus ilex. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Toimil. references Toimil (1987a).

Schistostege decussata parasite

Schistostege decussata (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) on Euphorbia parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Euphorbiaceae, monophagous Euphorbia. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Bertaccini & Campri (2003a).

Schistostege parasite

Idaea belemiata parasite

Idaea belemiata (Milliere, 1868) on Euphorbia parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Euphorbiaceae, monophagous Euphorbia spinosa. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Bertaccini & Campri (2003a).

Autophila maura parasite

Autophila maura (Staudinger, 1888) on Genista, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, oligophagous Genista; Ulex europaeus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Fibiger, Sammut, Seguna & Catania (2007a).

Autophila cataphanes parasite

Autophila cataphanes (Hübner, 1813) on Genista parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Genista. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Andújar Tomás, Gómez Ladrón de Guevara & Ruano Marco (1985a).

Autophila parasite

Synthymia fixa parasite

Synthymia fixa (Fabricius, 1787) goldwing on Bituminaria parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Bituminaria bituminosa. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Andújar Tomás, Gómez Ladrón de Guevara & Ruano Marco (1985a), Bella, Parenzan & Russo (2009a), Lafranchis (2020a), Lepiforum (2021).

Synthymia parasite

Clytie syriaca parasite

Clytie syriaca (Bugnion, 1837) on Tamarix parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Tamaricaceae, monophagous Tamarix gallica, nilotica, ramosissima. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Kravchenko, Müller, Orlova & Seplyarskaya (2004a).

Clytie sancta parasite

Clytie sancta (Staudinger, 1897) on Tamarix parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Tamaricaceae, monophagous Tamarix. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Andújar Tomás, Gómez Ladrón de Guevara & Ruano Marco (1985a), Katbeh-Bader (2017a), Kravchenko, Müller, Orlova & Seplyarskaya (2004a).

Ophiusa tirhaca parasite

Ophiusa tirhaca (Cramer, 1773) on Pistacia, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Cistus halimifolius, salviifolius; Cotinus coggygria; Myrtus communis; Pelargonium; Pistacia lentiscus, terebinthus; Prunus armeniaca; Punica granatum; Rhus coriaria. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Andújar Tomás, Gómez Ladrón de Guevara & Ruano Marco (1985a), Dapporto, […]

Ophiusa parasite

Acontia candefacta parasite

Acontia candefacta (Hübner, 1831) on Ambrosia parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Ambrosia artemisiifolia. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Tarachidia candefacta. notes North American species, introduced into Europe for the biological control of the equally North American ambrosia. references Lepiforum (2021), Manci, Sitar, Corduneanu & […]

Acontia lucida parasite

Acontia lucida (Hufnagel, 1766) pale shoulder on Malva, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Malvaceae, oligophagous Alcea biennis; Malva moschata, neglecta, sylvestris. References to Chenopodium; Convolvulus; Trifolium are less likely. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Andújar Tomás, Gómez Ladrón de Guevara & Ruano Marco (1985a), Dapporto […]

Sesamia cretica parasite

Sesamia cretica Lederer, 1857 pink borer, greater sugarcane borer on grasses, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Arundo donax; Saccharum; Sesamum; Sorghum; Triticum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Kravchenko, Fibiger, Mooser, ao (2008b).

Sesamia nonagrioides parasite

Sesamia nonagrioides (Lefebvre, 1827) mediterranean corn borer, corn stalk borer on grasses, etc. parasite Larvae bore in the culm. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Oryza sativa; Sorghum; Zea mays. Larva also in the stem of Andryala integrifolia (Asteraceae: Huertas Dionisio). distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Andújar Tomás, Gómez Ladrón de Guevara & Ruano Marco (1985a), […]

Sesamia parasite

Sesamiina parasite

Rhizedra lutosa parasite

Rhizedra lutosa (Hübner, 1803) large wainscot on Arundo, Phragmites parasite Larvae bore in the rhizomes; attacked plants may die off entirely. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Arundo donax; Phragmites australis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Andújar Tomás, Gómez Ladrón de Guevara & Ruano Marco (1985a), Bella, Parenzan & Russo (2009a), […]

Rhizedra parasite

Dryobotodes carbonis parasite

Dryobotodes carbonis Wagner, 1931 on Quercus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fagaceae, monophagous Quercus coccifera. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Turčáni ao. references Dapporto (1998a), Lepiforum (2021), Turčáni, Patočka & Kulfan (2010a).

Dryobotodes roboris parasite

Dryobotodes roboris (Boisduval, 1828) southern brindled green on Quercus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fagaceae, monophagous Quercus coccifera, ilex. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Turčáni ao. synonyms Dryobotodes cerris (Boisduval, 1840). references Andújar Tomás, Gómez Ladrón de Guevara & Ruano Marco (1985a), Dobado (2020a), Kraus (2000a), Lepiforum […]

Dryobotodes tenebrosa parasite

Dryobotodes tenebrosa (Esper, 1789) on Quercus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fagaceae, monophagous Quercus ilex. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Turčáni ao. references Dobado (2020a), Lepiforum (2021), Toimil & Soria (1983a), Turčáni, Patočka & Kulfan (2010a), Vegliante & Zilli (2007a).

Dryobotodes monochroma parasite

Dryobotodes monochroma (Esper, 1790) on Quercus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fagacese, monophagous Quercus faginea, ilex, pubescens, suber. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Toimil. references Dobado (2020a), Kraus (2000a), Lepiforum (2021), Toimil (1987a), Vegliante & Zilli (2007a).

Dryobotodes eremita parasite

Dryobotodes eremita (Fabricius, 1775) brindled green on Quercus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fagaceae, monophagous Quercus faginea, ilex, robur. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Toimil. references Dapporto (1998a), Dobado (2020a), Ebert (ed., 1997b), Koren, Vukotić & Črne (2015a), Lepiforum (2021), Toimil (1987a).

Dryobotodes parasite

Dichonia aeruginea parasite

Dichonia aeruginea (Hübner, 1808) on Quercus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fagaceae, monophagous Quercus petraea. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Turčáni ao. references Dapporto (1998a), Lepiforum (2021), Turčáni, Patočka & Kulfan (2010a).

Dichonia convergens parasite

Dichonia convergens (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) on Quercus parasite Larvae among loosely spun leaves leaves. host plants Fagaceae, monophagous Quercus petraea. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Turčáni ao. references Bertaccini & Campri (2003a), Ebert (ed., 1997b), Lepiforum (2021), Turčáni, Patočka & Kulfan (2010a), Weidlich & Gelbrecht (1995a.

Dichonia parasite

Griposia aprilina parasite

Griposia aprilina (Linnaeus, 1758) merveille du jour on Quercus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fagaceae, ± monophagous Quercus frainetto, ilex, petraea, robur, rubra. Occasionally Fagus sylvatica; Prunus; Tilia; Ulmus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Speidel ao, Turčáni ao. synonyms Dichonia aprilina. references Andújar Tomás, Gómez Ladrón de […]

Griposia parasite

Raphia hybris parasite

Raphia hybris (Hübner, 1813) on Populus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Salicaceae, monophagous Populus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Andújar Tomás, Gómez Ladrón de Guevara & Ruano Marco (1985a).

Raphia parasite

Allophyes alfaroi parasite

Allophyes alfaroi Agenjo, 1951 on Prunus, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Rosaceae, oligophagous Crataegus monogyna; Prunus spinosa. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Andújar Tomás, Gómez Ladrón de Guevara & Ruano Marco (1985a), Lepiforum (2021).

Calophasia opalina parasite

Calophasia opalina (Esper, 1793) on Antirrhinum, Linaria parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Plantaginaceae, oligophagous Antirrhinum; Linaria. Also reported from Delphinium. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Kravchenko, Poltavsky & Müller (2018a), Lepiforum (2021), Peslier (2000a).

Calophasia platyptera parasite

Calophasia platyptera (Esper, 1788) antirrhinum brocade on Antirrhinum, Linaria parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Plantaginaceae, oligophagous Antirrhinum majus; Linaria pedunculata, viscosa. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dapporto (1998a), Huertas Dionisio (2007a), Kravchenko, Fibiger, Muller & Ronkay (2005a), Lepiforum (2021), Peslier (2000a).

Calophasia almoravida parasite

Calophasia almoravida de Graslin, 1863 on Linaria, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Plantaginaceae, oligophagous Antirrhinum; Linaria vulgaris. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Andújar Tomás, Gómez Ladrón de Guevara & Ruano Marco (1985a), Huertas Dionisio (2007a), Lepiforum (2021), Peslier (2000a).

Anarta sodae parasite

Anarta sodae (Rambur, 1829) on Salsola, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Amaranthaceae, oligophagous Chenopodium album; Salsola genistoides; Sarcocornia. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). synonyms Discestra sodae. references Andújar Tomás, Gómez Ladrón de Guevara & Ruano Marco (1985a), Fernández, Cifuentes, Romera, ao (2006a), Huertas Dionisio (2007a).

Valeria jaspidea parasite

Valeria jaspidea (de Villers, 1789) on sloe parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Rosaceae, monophagous Prunus spinosa. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Andújar Tomás, Gómez Ladrón de Guevara & Ruano Marco (1985a), Bertaccini & Campri (2003a), Corley, Marabuto, Maravalhas ao (2011a), Kraus (2000a), Lepiforum (2021).

Valeria oleagina parasite

Valeria oleagina (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) green-brindled dot on sloe, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Rosaceae, oligophagous Crataegus; Prunus spinosa. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dapporto (1998a), Ebert (ed., 1997b), Koren, Vukotić & Črne (2015a), Lepiforum (2021), Stojanović, Ćurčić, Orlović & Galić (2011a).

Valeria parasite

Allophyes oxyacanthae parasite

Allophyes oxyacanthae (Linnaeus, 1758) green-brindled crescent on hawthorn, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Rosaceae, oligophagous Crataegus monogyna, rhipidophylla; Malus domestica; Prunus cerasus, domestica & subsp. insititia, spinosa; Pyrus spinosa; Sorbus aucuparia. But also Betula pendula (Voogd & Groenendijk) distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dapporto (1998a), […]

Allophyes parasite

Xylocampa areola parasite

Xylocampa areola (Esper, 1789) early grey on Lonicera parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Caprifoliaceae, monophagous Lonicera caprifolium, periclymenum, pileata, xylosteum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Andújar Tomás, Gómez Ladrón de Guevara & Ruano Marco (1985a), Ebert (ed., 1997b), Lepiforum (2021).

Xylocampa parasite

Sideridis turbida parasite

Sideridis turbida (Esper, 1790) white colon on herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Cakile maritima; Frangula alnus; Gypsophila fastigiata; Plantago lanceolata; Onobrychis montana; Spergularia rubra. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Pyrgus. synonyms Sideridis albicolon (Hübner, 1813). references Bentley (2008a), Ebert (ed., 1998a), Lepiforum (2021), Pyrgus (2021).

Sideridis parasite

Senta flammea parasite

Senta flammea (Curtis, 1828) flame wainscot on Phragmites parasite Larvae during the night freely on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, monophagous Phragmites australis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Bentley (2008a).

Senta parasite

Longalatedes elymi parasite

Longalatedes elymi (Treitschke, 1825) lyme grass on Leymus parasite Larvae bore in the base of the stem and rhizome. host plants Poaceae, monophagous Leymus arenarius. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Photedes elymi. references Bentley (2008a), Lepiforum (2021).

Longalatedes parasite

Pediasia fascelinella parasite

Pediasia fascelinella (Hübner, 1813) banded grass-veneer on Elytrigia, etc. parasite Larvae in silken tubes among the feet of the plants. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Elytrigia juncea, rpens. Associated by Petersen ao also with “Deschampsia canescens”; possibly this is intended to mean Corynephorus canescens. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Lepiforum […]

Pediasia luteella parasite

Pediasia luteella (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) on Festuca, etc. parasite Larvae in silken tubes at the base of the plants. host plants Poaceae, monophagous Festuca ovina; Poa. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Petersen, Friese & Rinnhofer (1973a).

Pediasia aridella parasite

Pediasia aridella (Thunberg, 1788) saltmarsh grass-veneer on Puccinellia, etc. parasite Larvae in silken tubes at thre foot of the plants. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Festuca rubra subsp. litoralis; Puccinellia fasciculata, maritima. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Bentley (2008a), Petersen, Friese & Rinnhofer (1973a), Ricker (2010a).

Lithophane merckii parasite

Lithophane merckii (Rambur, 1832) on Alnus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Betulaceae, monophagous Alnus glutinosa, incana. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Wegner. references Kravchenko, Poltavsky & Müller (2018a), Lepiforum (2021), Wegner (2011a), Zilli, Peria, Baldi & Pavesi (0000a).

Lithophane ledereri parasite

Lithophane ledereri (Staudinger, 1892) on Platanus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Platanaceae, monophagous Platanus orientalis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Kravchenko, Fibiger, Mooser, ao (2008a), Lepiforum (2021).

Lithophane lapidea parasite

Lithophane lapidea (Hübner, 1808) on Juniperus, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Cupressaceae, oligophagous Cupressus; Juniperus phoenicea. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Kravchenko, Fibiger, Mooser, ao (2008a), Lepiforum (2021), Wegner (2011a).

Lithophane lamda parasite

Lithophane lamda (Fabricius, 1797) nonconformist on Myrica, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Myrica gale; Rhododendron tomentosum; Salix aurita. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Lempke (1989a), Lepiforum (2021), Wegner (2014b).

Lithophane leautieri parasite

Lithophane leautieri (Boisduval, 1829) Blair’s shoulder-knot on Cupressus, Juniperus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Cupressaceae, oligophagous Cupressus; Juniperus communis, oxycedrus, sabina, thurifera. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Boursin (1962a), Corley, Marabuto, Maravalhas, ao (2008a, 2009a), Gómez de Aizpúrua (1995b), Lepiforum (2021).

Lithophane consocia parasite

Lithophane consocia (Borkhausen, 1792) Softly’s shoulder-knot on Alnus, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Betullaceae, oligophagous Alnus glutinosa, incana; Corylus avellana. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 1997b), Lepiforum (2021).

Lithophane furcifera parasite

Lithophane furcifera (Hufnagel, 1766) conformist on broadleaved trees parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Alnus glutinosa; Betula; Fraxinus; Quercus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 1997b), Lepiforum (2021).

Lithophane ornitopus parasite

Lithophane ornitopus (Hufnagel, 1766) grey shoulder-knot on Quercus, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Populus tremula; Prunus padus, spinosa; Quercus robur; Salix alba; Ulmus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Dolinskaya, Lepiforum. references Dapporto (1998a), Dolinskaya (2011a), Ebert (ed., 1997b), Jakšić (2018a), Koren, Vukotić & Črne (2015a), Lepiforum […]

Lithophane socia parasite

Lithophane socia (Hiufnagel, 1766) pale pinion on broadleaved trees parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Alnus incana; Carpinus betulus; Frangula alnus; Fraxinus; Lonicera xylosteum; Prunus padus, spinosa; Pyrus communis; Quercus; Rubus idaeus; Salix caprea; Tilia. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Lithophane hepatica (Clerck, 1759). references Dapporto […]

Oncocera semirubella parasite

Oncocera semirubella (Scopoli, 1763) rosy-striped knot-horn on Lotus, etc. parasite Larvae in a silken tube on the inflorescence. host plants Fabaceae, oligophagous Lotus corniculatus; Medicago lupulina; Trifolium repens. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Bentley (2008a), Lepiforum (2021), Wegner (2010a).

Oncocera parasite

Hydraecia osseola parasite

Hydraecia osseola Staudinger, 1882 marsh mallow moth, giant ear on Althaea parasite Larvae in the stems and rhizome. host plants Malvaceae, monophagous Althaea officinalis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Bentley (2008a), Koren (2021a), Lepiforum (2021).

Photedes fluxa parasite

Photedes fluxa (Hübner,1809) mere wainscoat on Calamagrostis parasite Larvae bore in the culm. host plants Poaceae, monophagous Calamagrostis epigeios. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). synonyms Chortodes fluxa, fluxus. references Bentley (2008a), Ebert (ed., 1998a), Schaefer (1980a).

Photedes extrema parasite

Photedes extrema (Hübner, 1809) concolorous on Calamagrostis parasite Larvae bore in the culm. host plants Poaceae, monophagous Calamagrostis canescens, eipigeios. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). synonyms Chortodes extrema, extremus. references Bentley (2008a), Ebert (ed., 1998a).

Actebia praecox parasite

Actebia praecox (Linnaeus, 1758) portland moth on creeping willow, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Lupinus arboreus; Salix repens. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Bentley (2008a), Lepiforum (2021).

Actebia parasite

Xylena exsoleta parasite

Xylena exsoleta (Linnaeus, 1758) sword-grass on herbs parasite Larvae freely on the inflorescences. host plants polyphagous Allium cepa; Anthemis; Anthyllis; Brassica oleracea; Clematis; Consolida; Euphorbia; Gladiolus italicus; Glebionis coronaria; Hedysarum coronarium; Helianthemum; Iris pseudacorus; Leucanthemum vulgare; Limonium; Onobrychis viciifolia; Ononis spinosa subsp. procurrens; Prunus; Rheum ribes; Rumex acetosa; Scrophularia canina; Silene vulgaris; Trifolium; Verbascum nigrum; […]

Xylena vetusta parasite

Xylena vetusta (Hübner, 1813) red sword-grass on grasses, herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Acer platanoides; Agrostis stolonifera; Angelica sylvestris; Asparagus officinalis; Beta vulgaris; Betula pendula; Bistorta officinalis; Brassica oleracea; Caltha palustris; Carex; Centaurea; Chamerion angustifolium; Cirsium; Consolida regalis; Crepis paludosa; Eleocharis palustris; Equisetum; Festuca rubra; Galium; Glyceria maxima; Iris pseudacorus; […]

Xylena solidaginis parasite

Xylena solidaginis (Hübner, 1803) golden-rod brindle on Vaccinium parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Ericaceae, monophagous Vaccinium myrtillus, uliginosum, vitis-idaea. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Lithomoia solidaginis. references Ebert (ed., 1997b), Lepiforum (2021).

Aporophyla lutulenta parasite

Aporophyla lutulenta (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) deep-brown dart on herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Achillea; Anthericum; Capsella; Crataegus; Cytisus; Galium verum; Genista; Holosteum; Lithospermum; Myosotis; Oxalis; Plantago; Poa; Potentilla; Prunus; Rumex; Senecio; Stellaria. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms The status of Aporophyla lueneburgensis and […]

Aporophyla lueneburgensis parasite

Aporophyla lueneburgensis (Freyer, 1848) northern deep-brown dart onCalluna, ? etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Ericaceae, ? monophagous Calluna vulgaris. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms The status of Aporophyla lueneburgensis and A. lutulenta is moot. Some authors state there is but one species, lutulenta. The prevailing […]

Aporophyla australis parasite

Aporophyla australis (Boisduval, 1828) feathered brindle on “grasses”, herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Carex; Cichorium; Geranium; Ochlopoa annua; Silene uniflora; Teucrium scorodonia. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Bentley (2008a), Dapporto (1998a), Lepiforum (2021), Peslier (2000a), Sammut, Sammut, Catania, ao (2003a).

Aporophyla canescens parasite

Aporophyla canescens (Duponchel, 1826) on ? monocotyledons parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Asphodelus; Narcissus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dapporto (1998a), Lepiforum (2021), Peslier (2000a) .

Aporophyla nigra parasite

Aporophyla nigra (Haworth, 1809) black rustic on herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Asparagus aphyllus; Calluna vulgaris; Cistus calycinus, halimifolius, salviifolius; Drimia maritima; Euphorbia cyparissias; Genista tinctoria; Lathyrus clymenum; Origanum vulgare; Osyris alba; Plantago; Quercus coccifera; Rumex; Sanguisorba minor; Trifolium; Verbascum; Vicia sativa. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa […]

Aporophyla parasite

Euchalcia emichi parasite

Euchalcia emichi (Rogenhofer & Mann, 1873) on Alkanna parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Boraginaceae, monophagous Alkanna tinctoria, tubulosa. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Wagner ao. references Wagner (2017a), Wagner, Fritsch, Beck & Asal-Brunner (2017a).

Asteroscopus syriaca parasite

Asteroscopus syriaca (Warren, 1910) on Fraxinus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Oleaceae, monophagous Fraxinus ornus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Huber & Pröll (1996a).

Brachylomia viminalis parasite

Brachylomia viminalis (Fabricius, 1777) minor shoulder-knot on Populus, Salix parasite Larvae in a young leaf, rolled into a cone. host plants Salicaceae, oligophagous Populus; Salix caprea. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Corley, Merckx, Cardoso, ao (2012a), Ebert (ed., 1997b), Lepiforum (2021), Peslier (2000a).

Brachylomia parasite

Asteroscopus sphinx parasite

Asteroscopus sphinx Hufnagel, 1766) sprawler on broadleaved trees parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Acer campestre; Carpinus; Corylus avellana; Crataegus; Euonymus japonicus; Fagus sylvatica; Fraxinus excelsior; Ligustrum vulgare; Lonicera xylosteum; Malus domestica; Populus tremula; Prunus spinosa; Quercus; Salix caprea; Syringa vulgaris; Tilia cordata; Ulmus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa […]

Asteroscopus parasite

Brachionycha nubeculosa parasite

Brachionycha nubeculosa (Esper 1785) rannoch sprawler on broadleaved trees parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Betula peundula; Carpinus betulus; Corylus avellana; Frangula alnus; Lonicera xylosteum; Populus tremula; Prunus padus, spinosa; Quercus; Salix; Tilia; Ulmus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 1997b), Koren, Vukotić & Črne […]

Brachionycha parasite

Euchalcia chlorocharis parasite

Euchalcia chlorocharis (Dufay, 1961) on Alkanna parasite Larvae freely on the inflorescence. host plants Boraginaceae, monophagous Alkanna noneiformis, orientalis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Pinker, Wagner. synonyms Plusia chlorocharis. references Pinker (1963b), De Vrieze (2001a), Wagner (2017a).

Cucullia achilleae parasite

Cucullia achilleae Guenée, 1852 on Artemisia parasite Larvae freely on the inflorescence. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Artemisia herba-alba. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Cifuentes, Fernández, Romera, ao (2007a), Lepiforum (2021).

Ragnhildiana ampelopsidis parasite

Ragnhildiana ampelopsidis (Peck) Braun, Nakashima, Videira & Crous, 2017 on Parthenocissus Parthenocissus quinquefolia, Belgium, prov. Limbourg, Reppel, Abeekvallei, 13.viii.2021 © Carina Van Steenwinkel detail underside conidiophores another image conidia conidium conidium conidium host plants Vitaceae, monophagous Parthenocissus quinquefolia. synonyms Cercospora ampelopsidis Peck, 1877; Passalora ampelopsidis (Peck) Braun, 1997). references Brandenburger (1985a: 375), Świderska-Burek (2015a), Videira, […]

Episema grueneri parasite

Episema grueneri Boisduval, 1837 on Muscari parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Asparagaceae, monophagous Muscari. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Cao, Fiumi & Govi (2012a).

Episema glaucina parasite

Episema glaucina (Esper, 1789) on Athericum, Muscari parasite THe larvae feed on the few cm of the stem and leaves just beneath the ground level. The detached above-ground parts are not touched; they wither and disappear, making it very difficult to trace the larva’s activity. host plants Asparagaceae, oligophagous Anthericum liliago; Muscari botryoides, racemosum.; Ornithogalum […]

Episema parasite

Episemini parasite

Orbona fragariae parasite

Orbona fragariae (Vieweg, 1790) on broadleaved trees parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Rosaceae, ? oligophagous ? Prunus spinosa. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Conistra fragariae. references Ebert (ed., 1997b), Lepiforum (2021).

Orbona parasite

Conistra erythrocephala parasite

Galium erythrocephala (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) red-headed chestnut on Quercus, etc., herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves of trees; older larvae also feed on herbs and litter. host plants polyphagous Carpinus; Fagus; Fragaria; Galium; Plantago; Quercus; Ulex. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Wegner. references Dapporto (1998a), Ebert (ed., 1997b), […]

Conistra rubiginea parasite

Conistra rubiginea (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) dotted chestnut on broadleaved trees, herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves; when young on trees, olders ones also on herbs. host plants polyphagous Crataegus; Fragaria; Prunus domestica subsp. insititia, spinosa; Quercus; Rosa; Rubus fruticosus; Rumex; Salix caprea; Taraxacum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Dolinskaya, […]

Conistra veronicae parasite

Conistra veronicae (Hübner, 1813) on Prunus parasite Larvae freely on the inflorescences; when this food source is exhausted they complete their development on plants of the herb layer. host plants Rosaceae, monophagous Prunus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 1997b), Kravchenko, Fibiger, Mooser, ao (2008a), Lepiforum (2021).

Hypericum lysimachioides parasite

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite unknown unknown Crambidae Ephelis cruentalis

Meganephria bimaculosa parasite

Meganephria bimaculosa (Linnaeus 1767) double-spot brocade on Ulmus, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Ulmaceae, monophagous Ulmus minor. Also Prunus spinosa; Quercus (Koren ao). distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Bálint, Katona & Ronkay (2016a), Ebert (ed., 1997b), Koren, Vukotić & Črne (2015a), Lepiforum (2021), Wegner (2011a).

Meganephria parasite

Psaphidina parasite

Psaphidini parasite

Xylena lunifera parasite

Xylena lunifera Warren, 1910 on Prunus parasite Larvae freely in the inflorescence. host plants Rosaceae, monophagous Prunus spinosa. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Wegner. references Lepiforum (2021), Wegner (2011a).

Xylena parasite

Xanthodes albago parasite

Xanthodes albago (Fabricius, 1794) on Malva, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Malvaceae, oligophagous Abutilon; Hibiscus; Malva moschata, olbia, unguiculata. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Bella, Parenzan & Russo (2009a), Lepiforum (2021), Wegner (2011a).

Xanthodes parasite

Bagisarinae parasite

Conistra rubiginosa parasite

Conistra rubiginosa (Scopoli, 1763) black-spotted chestnut on broadleaved trees parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Acer campestre; Calluna vulgaris; Crataegus; Cytisus scoparius; Malus domestica; Prunus domestica & subsp. insititia, padus, spinosa; Rosa; Syringa vulgaris; Ulmus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Adolph, Kortstock, Niehoff & Schweitzer (2019a), […]

Conistra vaccinii parasite

Conistra vaccinii (Linnaeus, 1761) chestnut on broadleaved trees parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Acer campestre; Alnus; Betula; Calluna vulgaris; Carpinus betulus; Malus domestica; Populus tremula; Prunus padus, spinosa; Quercus robur; Ribes alpinum, uva-crispa; Rubus idaeus; Salix caprea, cinerea; Sorbus aucuparia; Tilia; Ulmus minor; Vaccinium myrtillus; Verbascum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). […]

Jodia croceago parasite

Jodia croceago (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) orange upperwing on Quercus, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Acer; Fagus; Populus; Pyrus; Quercus ilex, pubescens. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Turčáni ao. references Dapporto (1998a), Ebert (ed., 1997b), Kraus (2000a), Kravchenko, Fibiger, Mooser, ao (2008a), Lepiforum (2021), Turčáni, […]

Jodia parasite

Eupsilia transversa parasite

Eupsilia transversa (Hufnagel, 1766) satellite on broadleaved trees parasite Larvae among loosely spun leaves. host plants polyphagous Acer campestre; Betula; Corylus avellana; Crataegus; Euonymus europaeus; Fagus sylvatica; Frangula alnus; Malus domestica; Populus tremula; Prunus avium, domestica, spinosa; Pyrus communis; Quercus robur, Ribes nigrum, rubrum; Rubus fruticosus; Rumex; Salix caprea; Syringa vulgaris; Tilia platyphyllos; Ulmus minor. […]

Eupsilia parasite

Agrochola lunosa parasite

Agrochola lunosa (Haworth, 1809) lunar underwing on grasses parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous ? Dactylis glomerata; ? Holcus lanatus; ? Ochlopoa annua. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Omphaloscelis lunosa. references Ebert (ed., 1997b), Lepiforum (2021).

Pabulatrix pabulatricula parasite

Pabulatrix pabulatricula (Brahm, 1791) union rustic on Molinia parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, monophagous Molinia caerulea. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Wegner. synonyms Eremobina pabulatricula. references Ebert (ed., 1997b). Wegner (2014b).

Pabulatrix parasite

Sitona syriacus parasite

Sitona syriacus Stierlin, 1884 on ? Lotus host plants Fabaceae, monophagous ? Lotus halophilus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Velázquez de Castro, Friedman & Borovec (2010a).

Agrochola laevis parasite

Agrochola laevis (Hübner, 1803) on broadleaved trees, herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves, buds and inflorescences; mainly older larvae on herbs. host plants polyphagous Lamium; Quercus petraea; Rumex; Taraxacum; Ulmus. phenology Larvae in early spring. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Turčáni ao, Wegner. references Ebert (ed., 1997b), Lepiforum (2021), […]

Agrochola litura parasite

Agrochola litura (Linnaeus, 1758) brown-spot pinion on herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Anthriscus caucalis; Calystegia sepium; Genista tinctoria; Geum rivale; Helianthemum nummularium; Ligustrum vulgare; Lotus corniculatus; Medicago sativa; Onobrychis viciifolia; Quercus; Rubus; Rumex acetosa; Salix caprea; Urtica dioica. phenology Larvae in spring. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa […]

Agrochola humilis parasite

Agrochola humilis (Denis & Schffermüller, 1775) on trees an herba parasite Larvae probably mainly on buds and and inflorescences, later on herbs. host plants polyphagous Carduus acanthoides; Sambucus; Sonchus. phenology Larvae in early spring, distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dapporto (1998a), Ebert (ed., 1997b), Lepiforum (2021).

Agrochola helvola parasite

Agrochola helvola (Linnaeus, 1758) on trees and herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves; often on buds and inflorescences, full-grown larvae often on herbs. host plants polyphagous Artemisia campestris; Corylus avellana; Crataegus; Erica; Geranium sanguineum; Populus; Prunus spinosa; Quercus coccifera, ithaburensis, robur; Rubus fruticosus, idaeus, saxatilis; Salix; Ulmus Vaccinium myrtillus, uliginosum. phenology Larvae in the […]

Sitona fairmairei parasite

Sitona fairmairei (Allard, 1869) on Medicago, etc. host plants Medicago, oligophagous Medicago; Trifolium; Vicia. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Velázquez de Castro, Friedman & Borovec (2010a).

Coelositona ocellatus parasite

Coelositona ocellatus (Küster,1849) on Retama, etc. parasite Larvae freely at the roots. host plants Fabaceae, oligophagous Ononis; Retama raetam. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Velázquez de Castro, Friedman & Borovec (2010a).

Charagmus stierlini parasite

Charagmus stierlini (Reitter, 1903) on Medicago, etc. parasite Larvae at the roots. host plants Fabaceae, oligophagous Medicago sativa; Ononis; Pisum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). synonyms Sitona stierlini. references Velázquez de Castro González (1997a), Velázquez de Castro, Friedman & Borovec (2010a).

Maraschia grisescens parasite

Maraschia grisescens Osthelder, 1933 on broadleaved trees parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Acer pseudoplatanus; Quercus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Kravchenko, Fibiger, Mooser, ao (2008a), Lepiforum (2021).

Maraschia parasite

Agrochola nitida parasite

Agrochola nitida (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) on ? broadleaved trees and herbs parasite Probably the larvae, like in related species, live freely on the leaves of broadleaved trees. Almost full-grown they will descend and continue feeding for a while on plants of the herb layer. host plants polyphagous Clematis vitalba; Cyclamen; Fragaria; Plantago lanceolata; Primula […]

Agrochola macilenta parasite

Agrochola macilenta (Hübner, 1809) yellow-line quaker on broadleaved trees, herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves; younger larvae on the trees, older ones in the herb layer. host plants polyphagous Calluna vulgaris; Carpinus orientalis; Crataegus rhipidophylla; Fagus sylvatica; Hieracium; Plantago; Populus alba, nifra, tremula; Prunus spinosa; Quercus; Ulmus. phenology Larvae in early spring, distribution within […]

Agrochola lota parasite

Agrochola lota (Clerck, 1759) red-line quaker on Salix, etc. parasite Larvae among spun leaves. host plants polyphagous Acer; Alnus; Populus; Salix alba, caprea, x fragilis, vimonalis. phenology Larvae in early spring, distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dapporto (1998a), Ebert (ed., 1997b), Koren, Vukotić & Črne (2015a), Lepiforum (2021), Wirooks […]

Agrochola circellaris parasite

Agrochola circellaris (Hufnagel, 1766) the brick on Salix, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the catkins or inflorescence; once almost fully fed the drop to the ground and may feed for a while on the low vegetation. host plants polyphagous Lamium album; Populus x canadensis, tremula; Pyrus; Salix aurita, caprea, cinerea; Ulmus minor; Veronica. phenology Larvae […]

Agrochola lychnidis parasite

Agrochola lychnidis (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) beaded chestnut on herbs and trees parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants olyphagous Campanula trachelium; Centaurea; Cirsium; Crataegus azarolus; Cytisus; Malva; Melilotus; Prunus spinosa; Quercus; Ranunculus; Rumex crispus; Salix; Scabiosa; Stellaria; Trifolium; Verbascum phlomoides. phenology Larvae in early spring, distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa […]

Agrochola parasite

Nola holsatica parasite

Nola holsatica Sauber, 1916 on Genista parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Genista anglica, pilosa. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Nola aerugula holsatica. references Fibiger & Karsholt (1998a), Lepiforum (2021).

Schrankia balneorum parasite

Schrankia balneorum (Alphéraky, 1880) on halophytes parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Limonium meyerei; Tripolium pannonicum. In captivity also Mentha longifolia, distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Lepiforum (2021), Manci, Sitar & Rákosy (2018a).

Acantholipes regularis parasite

Acantholipes regularis (Hübner, 1813) on Glycyrrhiza parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Glycyrrhiza glabra. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Wagner & Fritsch. references Kravchenko, Müller, Orlova & Seplyarskaya (2004a), Wagner & Fritsch (2017a).

Acantholipes parasite

Acantholipini parasite

Eutelia adulatrix parasite

Eutelia adulatrix (Hübner, 1813) on Pistacia, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Anacardiaceae, oligophagous Cotinus coggygria; Pistacia lentiscus, terebinthus; Rhus. The repeated reference to Ligustrum vulgare seems unlikely. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Patočka. references Andújar Tomás, Gómez Ladrón de Guevara & Ruano Marco (1985a), Dapporto (1998a), […]

Eutelia adoratrix parasite

Eutelia adoratrix (Staudinger, 1892) on Rhus (? Pistacia) parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Anacardiaceae, ? monophagous Pistacia ? lentiscus, ? terebinthus; Rhus coriaria. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Wagner & Fritsch. references Wagner & Fritsch (2017a).

Eutelia parasite

Euteliinae parasite

Euteliidae parasite

Xanthia ruticilla parasite

Xanthia ruticilla (Esper, 1791) on Quercus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fagaceae, monophagous Quercus faginea, ilex. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Turčáni ao. synonyms Agrochola, Spudaea, ruticilla. references Andújar Tomás, Gómez Ladrón de Guevara & Ruano Marco (1985a), Dapporto (1998a), Dobado (2020a), Lepiforum (2021), Sammut, Sammut, Catania, […]

Xanthia castanea parasite

Xanthia castanea Osthelder, 1933 on Quercus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fagaceae, monophagous Quercus coccifera. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Agrochola castanea; Xanthia pontica Kljutshko, 1968. references Kravchenko, Fibiger, Mooser, ao (2008a), Lepiforum (2021).

Tiliacea citrago parasite

Tiliacea citrago (Linnaeus, 1758) orange sallow on Tilia parasite Larvae freely on the leaves; the young larva for a while lives a a borer in a young shoot, recognisable by the extruded frass. host plants Malvaceae, monophagous Tilia cordata, x europaea, platyphyllos. phenology Larvae in early spring, distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa […]

Xanthia ocellaris parasite

Xanthia ocellaris (Borkhausen, 1792) pale-lemon sallow on Populus parasite Larvae feed on the male catkins. host plants Salicaceae, monophagous Populus x canadensis.nigra, tremula. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). phenology Larvae in early spring, egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Cirrhia ocellaris. references Ebert (ed., 1997b), Lepiforum (2021), Wirooks & Theissen (1999a).

Xanthia gilvago parasite

Xanthia gilvago (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) dusky-lemon sallow on Ulmus, Populus parasite Larvae on the inflorescence; when this source is exhausted the drop to the ground, may eventually feed for a while on the low vegetation. host plants polyphagous Populus; Ulmus glabra, minor. phenology Larvae in early spring, distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, […]

Xanthia icteritia parasite

Xanthia icteritia (Hufnagel, 1766) sallow on Populus, Salix parasite Larvae feed on a catkin; when this source is exhausted they drop to the ground and may for a while feed on the low vegetation. host plants Salicaceae, oligophagous Populus alba, tremula; Salix aurita, caprea, cinerea. phenology Larvae in early spring, distribution within Europe PESI (2021). […]

Ceutholopha isidis parasite

Ceutholopha isidis (Zeller, 1867) on Acacia, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Acacia farnesiana, nilotica, tortilis; Searsia tripartita. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Corley, Rosete, Marabuto ao (2014a), Pinzari & Pinsari (2919a).

Ceutholopha parasite

Clytie illunaris parasite

Clytie illunaris (Hübner, 1813) trent double-stripe on Tamarix parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Tamaricaceae, monophagous Tamarix africana, canariensis, gallica. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Freytag, Lepiforum. references Freytag (1999a) , Hausmann & Scalercio (2016a), Huertas Dionisio (2007a), Kravchenko, Müller, Orlova & Seplyarskaya (2004a), Lepiforum (2021), Pérez De-Gregorio, Fernández […]

Clytie parasite

Anomis erosa parasite

Anomis erosa Hübner, 1810 yellow scallop on Abutilon, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Malvaceae, oligophagous Abelmoschus esculentus; Abutilon striatum, theophrasti; Gossypium; Hibiscus rosa-sinensis; Malva pusilla. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Freytag. references Freytag (1999a).

Anomis parasite

Anomini parasite

Scoliopterygini parasite

Zekelita ravalis parasite

Zekelita ravalis (Herrich-Schäffer, 1851) on Alhagi parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, ? monophagous Alhagi. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Kravchenko, Orlova, Fibiger, ao (2006b).

Hypena palpalis parasite

Hypena palpalis (Hübner, 1796) on Parietaria parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Urticaceae, monophagous Parietaria. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Dapporto, Fiorini, Fiumi & Flamigni (2005a).

Hypena rostralis parasite

Hypena rostralis (Linnaeus, 1758) buttoned snout on Humulus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Cannabaceae, monophagous Humulus lupulus. Also mentioned from Urtica and even Rubus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Pyrgus. references Bentley (2008a), Dapporto (1998a), Kravchenko, Poltavsky & Müller (2018a), Lepiforum (2021), Pyrgus (2021).

Hypena munitalis parasite

Hypena munitalis Mann, 1861 on Vincetoxicum parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Apocynaceae, monophagous Vincetoxicum canescens, tmoleum. Also reported from Stellaria but this is very unlikely to be a host plant. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Wagner & Fritsch. references Kravchenko, Orlova, Fibiger, ao (2006b), De Vrieze (2001a), Wagner […]

Hypena lividalis parasite

Hypena lividalis (Hübner, 1796) chevron snout on Parietaria, Urtica parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Urticaceae, oligophagous Parietaria; Urtica. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Huertas Dionisio (2007a), Kravchenko, Orlova, Fibiger, ao (2006b), Lepiforum (2021), Vegliante & Zilli (2007a).

Hypena obsitalis parasite

Hypena obsitalis (Hübner, 1813) on Parietaria, Urtica parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Urticaceae, monophagous Parietaria; Urtica membranacea. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references van As (2016a), Kravchenko, Orlova, Fibiger, ao (2006b), Lepiforum (2021).

Nodaria nodosalis parasite

Nodaria nodosalis (Herrich-Schäffer, 1851) on nerbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves; often on dead and withered leaves. host plants polyphagous Ipomoea; Lactuca sativa. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Freytag, Lepiforum. references Bella, Parenzan & Russo (2009a), Freytag (1999a), Kravchenko, Orlova, Fibiger, ao (2006b), Lepiforum (2021).

Nodaria parasite

Schrankia taenialis parasite

Schrankia taenialis (Hübner, 1809) white-line snout on herbs parasite Larvae freely at the inflorescence. host plants polyphagous Calluna vulgaris; Melampyrum; Thymus vulgaris. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Freytag, Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 2003a), Freytag (1999a), Kravchenko, Orlova, Fibiger, ao (2006b), Lepiforum (2021).

Craniophora pontica parasite

Craniophora pontica (Staudinger, 1879) on Fraxinus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Oleaceae, monophagous Fraxinus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Demerges & Grenier (2008a), Kravchenko, Orlova, Fibiger, ao (2006b), Lepiforum (2021).

Tiliacea sulphurago parasite

Tiliacea sulphurago (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) on Acer, etc. parasite Larvae freely in the inflorescence and on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Acer campestre, Betula; Fagus; Fraxinus; Quercus; Salix; Tilia; Ulmus minor. phenology Larvae in early spring, distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Xanthia sulphurago. references Lepiforum (2021), Wegner (2011a).

Tiliacea aurago parasite

Tiliacea aurago (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) barred sallow on broadleaved trees parasite Larvae freely in the inflorescence on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Acer; Carpinus betulus; Fagus sylvatica; Quercus; Salix; Vaccinium myrtillus. phenology Larvae in early spring, distribution within Europe PESI (2021). synonyms Xanthia aurago. references Dapporto (1998a), Ebert (ed., 1997b), Lepiforum (2021), Stojanović, Ćurčić, […]

Tiliacea parasite

Xanthia togata parasite

Xanthia togata (Esper, 1788) pink-barred sallow on Populus, Salix parasite The larvae bore in the catkins. In the end they drop to the ground, may feed for a short while on the low vegetation, then pupate in the soil. host plants Salicaceae, monophagous Populus; Salix aurita, caprea, cinerea. phenology Larvae in early spring, distribution within […]

Xanthia parasite

Atethmia ambusta parasite

Atethmia ambusta (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) on Pyrus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Rosaceae, monophagous Pyrus communis, spinosa. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 1997b), Govi & Fiumi (2018a), Lepiforum (2021).

Atethmia centrago parasite

Atethmia centrago (Haworth, 1809) centre-barred sallow on Fraxinus parasite Larvae during the night freely on the inflorescence ans buds; at daytime they are hidden among moss at the foot of the tree. host plants Oleaceae, monophagous Fraxinus excelsior. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Wegner. references Bálint, Katona & Ronkay (2016a), […]

Atethmia parasite

Simyra dentinosa parasite

Simyra dentinosa Freyer, 1838 on Euphorbia parasite Larvae comunally, freely on the leaves. host plants Euphorbiaceae, monophagous Euphorbia acanthothamnos, “esuloides”, myrsinites. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Kemal, Koçak & Uçak (2018a), Kravchenko, Orlova, Fibiger, ao (2006b), Lepiforum (2021).

Scotopteryx vicinaria parasite

Scotopteryx vicinaria (Duponchel, 1830) on Astragalus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Astragalus monspessulanus, onobrychis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Bálint, Katona & Ronkay (2016a), Burmann (1978a).

Cosmia confinis parasite

Cosmia confinis Herrich-Schäffer, 1849 on Ulmus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Ulmaceae, monophagous Ulmus minor. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Cosmia rhodopsis Boursin, 1962. references Lepiforum (2021), Pinker (1963a).

Cosmia trapezina parasite

Cosmia trapezina (Linnaeus, 1758) dun-bar on broadleaved trees parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Acer campestre, pseduplatanus; Betula pendula; Carpinus betulus; Cornus sanguinea; Corylus avellana; Crataegus rhipidophylla; Fagus sylvatica; Fraxinus excelsior; Malus domestica; Populus tremula; Prunus padus, spinosa; Pyrus communis; Quercus petraea, robur, rubra; Ribes uva-crispa; Rosa; Rubus fruticosus, idaeus; Salix alba, […]

Cosmia pyralina parasite

Cosmia pyralina (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) lunar-spotted pinion on broadleaved trees parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Betula; Malus domestica; Populus; Prunus domestica, spinosa; Pyrus; Quercus; Salix; Tilia; Ulmus minor. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Patočka. references Ebert (ed., 1997b), Koren, Vukotić & Črne (2015a), Lepiforum (2021), […]

Cosmia diffinis parasite

Cosmia diffinis (Linnaeus, 1767) white-spotted pinion on Ulmus parasite Larvae among loosely spun leaves. host plants Ulmaceae, monophagous Ulmus minor. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Patočka, Wegner. references Ebert (ed., 1997b), Koren, Vukotić & Črne (2015a), Lepiforum (2021), Patočka (1980a), Stojanović, Ćurčić, Orlović & Galić (2011a), Wegner (2014b).

Cosmia affinis parasite

Cosmia affinis (Linnaeus, 1767) lesser-spotted pinion on Ulmus parasite Larvae among loosely spun leaves. host plants Ulmaceae, monophagous Ulmus laevis, minor. ? Occasionally ; Prunus spinosa; Quercus; Rosa; Tilia. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Patočka, Wegner. references Ebert (ed., 1997b), Fazekas (2020b), Lepiforum (2021), Patočka (1980a), Pinker (1963a), Stojanović, Ćurčić, […]

Cosmia parasite

Scotochrosta pulla parasite

Scotochrosta pulla (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) on Quercus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fagaceae, monophagous Quercus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Turčáni ea. references Corley, Rosete, Romão, ao (2015a), Lepiforum (2021), Turčáni, Patočka & Kulfan (2010a.

Scotochrosta parasite

Orthosia miniosa parasite

Orthosia miniosa (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) blossom underwing on Quercus, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leavesl young larvae communally in an tent. host plants polyphagous Acer; Arbutus unedo; Betula; Centaurea scabiosa; Crataegus; Fagus; Populus; Prunus spinosa; Quercus petraea, pubescens, pyrenaica, robur; Rosa; Rubus fruticosus; Salix; Sorbus aria. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, […]

Orthosia parasite

Dioszeghyana schmidti parasite

Dioszeghyana schmidti (Diószeghy 1935) on Acer, Quercus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Acer campestre, tataricum; Quercus cerris, pubescens. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Turčáni ao. synonyms Dioszeghyana schmidtii. references Lepiforum (2021), Turčáni, Patočka & Kulfan (2010a).

Dioszeghyana parasite

Orthosiini parasite

Dicycla oo parasite

Dicycla oo (Linnaeus 1758) heart moth on Quercus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fagaceae, monophagous Quercus frainetto, petraea, pubescens, robur. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Dolinskaya, Lepiforum, Turčáni ao, Wegner. references Dolinskaya (2011a), Ebert (ed., 1997b), Kraus (2000a), Lepiforum (2021), Stojanović, Ćurčić, Orlović & Galić (2011a), Toimil & […]

Dicycla parasite

Mesogona oxalina parasite

Mesogona oxalina (Hübner, 1803) on broadleaved trees parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Alnus incana; Hippophae rhamnoides; Populus; Prunus padus; Quercus; Rubus; Salix. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dapporto (1998a), Ebert (ed., 1997b), Koren, Vukotić & Črne (2015a), Lepiforum (2021), Reichholf (2005b), Rosenbauer, Gelbrecht, Lehmann ao […]

Mesogona acetosellae parasite

Mesogona acetosellae (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) pale stigma on broadleaved trees parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Prunus spinosa; Quercus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Turčáni ao. references Corley, Marabuto & Pires (2007a)Corley, Marabuto & Pires (2007a), Ebert (ed., 1997b), Lepiforum (2021). Turčáni, Patočka & Kulfan (2010a).

Mesogona parasite

Apterogenum ypsillon parasite

Apterogenum ypsillon (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) dingy shears on Populus, Salix parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Salicaceae, oligophagous Populus alba, x canadensis; Salix alba, babylonica, caprea, viminalis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Patočka. synonyms Enargia, Parastichtis, ypsillon. references Ebert (ed., 1997b), Elsner & Lehmann (1991a), Lepiforum (2021), […]

Apterogenum parasite

Parastichtis suspecta parasite

Parastichtis suspecta (Hübner, 1817) on ? opulus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Salicaceae, ? monophagous ? Populus nigra, tremula. According to some sources the larva initially feeds on poplar catkins, later on various low plants. Others mention willow and birch. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert […]

Parastichtis parasite

Oscinella angustipennis parasite

Oscinella angustipennis Duda, 1932 on Phragmites parasite Larvae are inquilines of Lipara lucens and L. oullitarsis. host plants Poaceae, monophagous Phragmites australis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Brunberg Nielsen (2014a), Nartshuk & Andersson (2012a).

Erannis declinans parasite

Erannis declinans (Staudinger, 1879) on Paliurus, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Rhamnaceae, etc. Paliurus spina-christi. Much less important Rosa canina; Ulmus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Beshkov (2015b), Beshkov & Nahirnić (2016a), Lepiforum (2021).

Peronospora chenopodii-ambrosioidis parasite

Peronospora chenopodii-ambrosioidis Golenia, 1962 on Dysphsania gall underside of the leaves with a greyish purple fungal down consisting of vertical conidiophores that apically several times are branching, each branch ending upon a colourless oval conidium. host plants Amaranthaceae, narrowly monophagous Dysphania ambrosioides. references Lee, Shin & Choi (2020a).

Rhizaspidiotus donacis parasite

Rhizaspidiotus donacis (Leonardi, 1920) arundo scale on Arundo parasite Scales at the rhizomes. host plants Poaceae, monophagous Arundo donax. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Braman, Lambert, Özsoy, ao (2021a), Goolsby, Moran, Adamczyk, ao (2009a), Moran & Goolsby (2010a).

Enargia paleacea parasite

Enargia paleacea (Esper, 1788) angle-strped sallow on Betula, Populus parasite Larvae among spun leaves. host plants polyphagous Betula pendula, pubescens; Populus nigra, tremula. Also Tilia cordata (Žikić ao). distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Bentley (2008a), Ebert (ed., 1997b), Lepiforum (2021), Žikić, Ritt, Colacci, ao (2019a).

Enargia parasite

Ipimorpha contusa parasite

Ipimorpha contusa (Freyer, 1849) on Populus parasite Larvae among spun leaves. host plants Salicaceae, monophagous Populus tremula. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). synonyms Cosmia contusa. references Lepiforum (2021), Søli (1988a).

Ipimorpha subtusa parasite

Ipimorpha subtusa (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) on Populus parasite Larvae among spun leaves. host plants Salicaceae, monophagous Populus tremula, trichocarpa. ? Also Salix. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Patočka. references Dapporto (1998a), Ebert (ed., 1997b), Koren, Vukotić & Črne (2015a), Lepiforum (2021), Patočka (1980a).

Ipimorpha retusa parasite

Ipimorpha retusa (Linnaeus, 1761) double kidney on Salix parasite Larvae among leaves. host plants Salicaceae, monophagous Salix caprea, cinerea, x fragilis, purpurea, viminalis. Also mentioned from Alnus; Populus distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 1997b), Koren, Vukotić & Črne (2015a), Lepiforum (2021), Wirooks & Theissen (1999a).

Ipimorpha parasite

Cosmiina parasite

Callopistria juventina parasite

Callopistria juventina (Stoll, 1782) latin on Pteridium parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Dennstaedtiaceae, monophagous Pteridium aquilinum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 1997b), Huertas Dionisio (2007a), Lepiforum (2021), Stojanović, Ćurčić, Orlović & Galić (2011a).

Callopistria parasite

Eriopinae parasite

Peronospora elsholtziae parasite

Peronospora elsholtziae Liu & Pai, 2009 on Elsholtzia gall upper side of the leaf with angular, eventually brown leaf spots. Underside with a thin, greyish purple to light brown fungal down of erect conidiophores that apically several times are dichotomously branching, each branch ending in a globular conidium. host plants Lamiaceae, monophagous Elsholtzia ciliata. references […]

Elsholtzia ciliata parasite

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora elsholtziae

Peronospora salviae-pratensis parasite

Peronospora salviae-pratensis Hoffmeister, Maier & Thines, 2020 on Salvia gall upper side of the leaf with angular, eventually brown leaf spots. Underside with a thin, greyish purple to light brown fungal down of erect conidiophores that apically several times are dichotomously branching, each branch ending in a globular conidium. host plants Lamiaceae, narrowly monophagous Salvia […]

Cercospora beticola parasite

Cercospora beticola Saccardo, 1876 on Beta, etc. Beta vulgaris, Belgium, prov. Limbourg, Diepenbeek, 4.viii.2021 © Carina Van Steenwinkel: early infection, undersid older leaf spot, upper side detail of a leaf spot conidia and conidiophores conidiophores conidia host plants Amaranthaceae, oligophagous Atriplex; Beta vulgaris; Chenopodium; Spinacia. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Brandenburger (1985a: 120), Kozłowska, […]

Meromyza zimzerla parasite

Meromyza zimzerla Nartshuk, 1992 on Phleum parasite Larvae bore in the culm. host plants Poaceae, monophagous Phleum phleoides, pratense. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Nartshuk (1992a).

Phlogophora kruegeri parasite

Phlogophora kruegeri Phlogophora kruegeri on Dryopteris parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Dryopteridaceae, monophagous Dryopteris aemula, intermedia subsp. azorica. distribution within Europe Azores. egg, larva, pupa see Wagner. references Wagner (2015a).

Chloantha hyperici parasite

Chloantha hyperici (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) pale-shouldered cloud on Hypericum parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Hypericaceae, monophagous Hypericum perforatum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Actinotia hyperici. references Andújar Tomás, Gómez Ladrón de Guevara & Ruano Marco (1985a), Dapporto (1998a), Ebert (ed., 1997b), Koren, Vukotić & Črne […]

Chloantha parasite

Actinotia radiosa parasite

Actinotia radiosa (Esper, 1804) on Hypericum parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Hypericaceae, monophagous Hypericum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 1997b), Lepiforum (2021).

Actinotia polyodon parasite

Actinotia polyodon (Clerck, 1759) purple cloud on Hypericum parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Hypericaceae, monophagous Hypericum perforatum, rumeliacum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 1997b), Lepiforum (2021), Žikić, Ritt, Colacci, ao (2019a).

Actinotia parasite

Auchmis detersa parasite

Auchmis detersa (Esper, 1787) on Berberis parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Berberidaceae, monophagous Berberis thunbergii, vulgaris. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Patočka. synonyms Auchmis comma (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775). references Ebert (ed., 1997b), Lepiforum (2021), Patočka (1980a).

Auchmis parasite

Hyppa rectilinea parasite

Hyppa rectilinea (Esper, 1788) saxon on Vaccinium, erc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyhagous Anthriscus sylvestris; Arctostaphylos uva-ursi; Calluna vulgaris; Chamerion angustifolium; Dryopteris filix-mas; Lamium; ? Plantago; Pteridium aquilinum; Rubus fruticosus, idaeus; Salix caprea; ? Sonchus; Sorbus aucuparia; Vaccinium myrtillus, uliginosum, vitis-idaea. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. […]

Hyppa parasite

Actinotiini parasite

Phlogophora scita parasite

Phlogophora scita (Hübner, 1790) green angle shades on ferns parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Pteridophyta, polyphagous ? Blechnum spicant; Dryopteris filix-mas; Pteridium aquilinum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 1997b), Lepiforum (2021).

Phlogophora interrupta parasite

Phlogophora interrupta (Warren, 1905) on ferns parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Pteridophyta, polyphagous Athyrium filix-femina; Blechnum spicant; Dryopteris aemula, affinis, carthusiana, crispifolia, filix-mas, intermedia subsp. azorica; Osmunda regalis; Thelypteris limbosperma; Woodwardia radicans. distribution within Europe Azores. egg, larva, pupa see Wagner. references Wagner (2015a).

Phlogophora furnasi parasite

Phlogophora furnasi Pinker, 1971 on Calluna, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Ericaceae, oligophagous Calluna vulgaris. Less often Erica scoparia subsp. azorica; Rubus. distribution within Europe Azores. egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Wagner. references Lepiforum (2021), Wagner (2015a).

Phlogophora cabrali parasite

Phlogophora cabrali Pinker, 1971 on Rubus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Rosaceae, monophagous Rubus hochstetterorum, ulmifolius. distribution within Europe Azores. egg, larva, pupa see Wagner. references Wagner (2015a.

Charanyca trigrammica parasite

Charanyca trigrammica (Hufnagel 1766) treble lines on herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Leontodon hispidus; Plantago lanceolata, major, media. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Dolinskaya, Lepiforum. references Dolinskaya (2011a), Ebert (ed., 1998a), Koren, Vukotić & Črne (2015a), Lepiforum (2021).

Meromyza nigriseta parasite

Meromyza nigriseta Fedoseeva, 1960 on grasses parasite Larvae bore in the culms. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Elytrigia repens; Hierochloe odorata; ?Leymus arenarius. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Brunberg Nielsen (2015a), Nartshuk & Pakalniškis (2004a).

Meromyza mosquensis parasite

Meromyza mosquensis Fedoseeva, 1960 on grasses parasite Larvae bore in the culms. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Agrostis capillaris; ? Corynephorus canescens; Festuca rubra; Poa pratensis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Brunberg Nielsen (2015a), Nartshuk & Pakalniškis (2004a).

Phlogophora meticulosa parasite

Phlogophora meticulosa (Linnaeus, 1758) angle shades on herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Adenostyles alliariae; Alliaria petiolata; Alnus glutinosa; Aster; Berberis thunbergii; Blechnum spicant; Borago officinalis; Brugmansia; Buddleja davidii; Calluna vulgaris; Chrysanthemum indicum; Cichorium endivia; Consolida ajacis; Cyclamen persicum; Cytisus scoparius; Dipsacus; Doronicum pardalianches; Dryopteris; Emex spinosa; Erica; Ficaria verna; Fragaria […]

Phlogophora parasite

Euplexia lucipara parasite

Euplexia lucipara (Linnaeus, 1758) small angle shades on herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Alnus glutinosa; Atriplex; Atropa bella-donna; Betula; Chelidonium majus; Clematis vitalba; Corylus avellana; Dryopteris; Epilobium; Heracleum sphondylium; Impatiens noli-tangere; Lamium; Mercurialis perennis; Petasites; Pteridium aquilinum; Rubus fruticosus, idaeus; Rumex; Salix; Sambucus nigra; Urtica dioica. distribution within Europe PESI […]

Euplexia parasite

Phlogophorini parasite

Trachea atriplicis parasite

Trachea atriplicis (Linnaeus, 1758) orache moth on Rumex, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Atriplex; Chenopodium bonus-henricus; Convolvulus; Galeopsis tetrahit; Persicaria hydropiper; Polygonum; Rumex acetosa, conglomeratus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Dolinskaya, Lepiforum. references Adolph, Kortstock, Niehoff & Schweitzer (2019a), Cao, Fiumi & Govi (2012a), Dapporto (1998a), […]

Trachea parasite

Thalpophila matura parasite

Thalpophila matura (Hufnagel, 1766) straw underwing on grasses parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Molinia; Schedonorus pratensis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Dolinskaya, Lepiforum. references Dapporto (1998a), Dolinskaya (2011a), Ebert (ed., 1997b), Lepiforum (2021).

Thalpophila parasite

Polyphaenis sericata parasite

Polyphaenis sericata (Esper, 1787) guernsey underwing on Ligustrum, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Cornus; Crataegus; Ligustrum vulgare; Lonicera; Prunus spinosa; Quercus; Syringa. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Dolinskaya, Lepiforum. synonyms Polyphaenis viridis (de Villers, 1789). references Dapporto (1998a), Dolinskaya (2011a), Ebert (ed., 1997b), Jakšić (2018a), Koren, […]

Polyphaenis parasite

Cucullia mixta parasite

Cucullia mixta Freyer, 1841 on Galatella parasite Larvae freely on the inflorescence. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Galatella linosyris. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). larva see Ahola & Ronkay. references Ahola & Ronkay (1999a).

Cucullia cemenelensis parasite

Cucullia cemenelensis Boursin, 1923 on Galatella parasite Larvae freely on the inflorescence. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Galatella sedifolia. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Herzet & Rosset. references Herzet & Rosset (2006a).

Xestia stigmatica parasite

Xestia stigmatica (Hübner, 1813) square-spotted clay on herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Galeopsis; Lamium; Mercurialis perennis; Plantago; Primula; Prunus spinosa; Rubus idaeus; Stellaria; Taraxacum; Urtica dioica; Vaccinium myrtillus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Dolinskaya & Geryak, Lepiforum. references Dolinskaya & Geryak (2010a), Koren, Vukotić & Črne […]

Xestia parasite

Athetis lepigone parasite

Athetis lepigone (Möschler, 1860) on ? grasses, herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous In captivity the following plants were accepted Argentina anserina; Avena sativa; Ballota nigra; Berberis thunbergii; Bistorta officinalis; Carex sylvatica; Chaerophyllum hirsutum; Chenopodium bonus-henricus; Cirsium canum; Convolvulus arvensis; Euphorbia helioscopia; Geranium phaeum; Geum rivale; Lycopus europaeus; Lysimachia nummularia; Plantago […]

Mormo maura parasite

Mormo maura (Linnaeus 1758) old lady on broadleaved trees, herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Acer platanoides; Alnus glutinosa; Betula; Crataegus; Fragaria; Fraxinus excelsior; Lamium; Populus x canadensis; Rubus caesius; Rumex; Salix x fragilis; Ulmus minor; Urtica dioica. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Andújar Tomás, […]

Mormo parasite

Charanyca ferruginea parasite

Charanyca ferruginea (Esper, 1785) brown rustic on herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Chondrilla juncea; Digitalis purpurea; Erigeron; Fragaria; Geranium pratense; Geum urbanum; Lactuca sativa; Linaria vulgaris; Plantago major; Polygonum; Rubus fruticosus, idaeus; Rumex; Securigera varia; Senecio vulgaris; Stellaria media; Verbascum; Vicia; Viola. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa […]

Charanyca parasite

Dypterygia scabriuscula parasite

Dypterygia scabriuscula (Linnaeus, 1758) bird’s wing on Rumex, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Polygonaceae, oligophagous Bistorta officinalis; Fallopia convolvulus; Polygonum aviculare; Rumex acetosa, acetosella, convolvulus. Also reported from Polygala vulgaris; Taraxacum officinale. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dapporto (1998a), Ebert (ed., 1997b), Koren, Vukotić & […]

Dypterygia parasite

Dypterygiini parasite

Athetis pallustris parasite

Athetis pallustris (Hübner, 1808) marsh moth on herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants ? polyphagous Filipendula ulmaria. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 1997b), Lepiforum (2021).

Aprostocetus monacoi parasite

Aprostocetus monacoi Viggiani, 2014 on Melilotus gall 3-4 cm long fusiform to almost globular swelling of the stem. Inside up to several tens elliptic gall chambers. The wasps appear after the hibernation. host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Melilotus indicus. distribution within Europe Italy. larva see Viggiani (2015b). references Viggiani (2015b), Viggiani & Monaco,(2014a).

Baryscapus hedysari parasite

Baryscapus hedysari Nieves-Aldrey & Askew, 2011 on Hedysarum parasite Parasitoid of Aprostocetus gallicolus. host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Hedysarum boveanum. distribution within Europe Spain. references Nieves-Aldrey & Askew, (2011a), Roskam (2019a).

Baryscapus parasite

Aprostocetus gallicolus parasite

Aprostocetus gallicolus Nieves-Aldrey & Askew, 2011 on Hedysarum gall Conspicuous, thick-walled, elliptic swelling of the stem, sometimes ridged or tinged with red. Inside a number of white larvae or their pupae. host plants Fabaceae, monophagous oligophagous polyphagous Hedysarum boveanum. distribution within Europe Spain. predators Baryscapus hedysari. notes In the paper by Nieves-Aldrey & Askew there […]

Gonipterus scutellatus parasite

Gonipterus scutellatus Gyllenhal, 1833 eucalyptus snout beetle on Eucalyptus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Myrtaceae, monophagous Eucalyptus globulus, viminalis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Inghilesi, Cervo, Pennacchio ao (2013a), Mansilla Vázquez (1992a), Mazza, Abbazzi, Andriolo, ao (2012a), Mazza, Inghilesi, Tricarico, ao (2015a), Ugarte San Vicente (2005a).

Gonipterus parasite

Gonipterini parasite

Quadrastichus mendeli parasite

Quadrastichus mendeli Kim & La Salle, 2008 on Eucalyptus parasite Parasitoid of Leptocybe invasa. [: host plants Myrtaceae, monophagous Eucalyptus camaldulensis. distribution within Europe Italy. references Kim, Mendel, Protasov, ao (2008a), Nugnes, Gebiola, Gualtieri, ao (2016a).

Chilodes maritima parasite

Chilodes maritima (Tauscher, 1806) silky wainscoat on Phragmites parasite the larva bores in the culm; according to some sources it primarily lives a carnivorous life. host plants Poaceae, monophagous Phragmites australis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Chilodes maritimus. references Ebert (ed., 1997b), Fernández Vidal (2014a), Huemer (2001a), Huemer & […]

Chilodes parasite

Spodoptera cilium parasite

Spodoptera cilium Guenée, 1852 on grasses, herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Axonopus; Capsicum annuum; Cynodon dactylon; Digitaria didactyla; Fragaria vesca. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Bella, Parenzan & Russo (2009a), Kravchenko, Fibiger, Mooser, ao (2008c), Lepiforum (2021), Vegliante & Zilli (2007a).

Spodoptera littoralis parasite

Spodoptera littoralis (Boisduval, 1833) mediterranean brocade, cotton leafworm on herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Arachis hypogaea; Atriplex halimus; Beta vulgaris; Brassica; Chrysanthemum; Gossypium; Hibiscus; Lycopersicon esculentum; Medicago sativa; Populus; Solanum nigrum, tuberosum; Ulmus; Zea mays. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Prodenia littoralis. references Andújar […]

Atypha pulmonaris parasite

Atypha pulmonaris (Esper, 1790) on Pulmonaria, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Boraginaceae, oligophagous Pulmonaria mollis, obscura, officinalis; Symphytum officinale. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 1997b), Lepiforum (2021), Schönborn (1999a), Vegliante & Zilli (2007a).

Atypha parasite

Hoplodrina ambigua parasite

Hoplodrina ambigua (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) Vine’s rustic on herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Arenaria; Betula; Galium mollugo; Lactuca; Leontodon; Medicago; Plantago; Rumex; Taraxacum; Verbascum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Dolinskaya, Lepiforum. references Dapporto (1998a), Dolinskaya (2011a), Ebert (ed., 1997b), Jakšić (2018a), Koren, Vukotić & Črne […]

Verbascum giganteum subsp. martinezii parasite

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite

Cerocala scapulosa parasite

Cerocala scapulosa (Hübner, 1808) on Cistus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Cistaceae, monophagous plantnaamengenus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Huertas Dionisio (2007a), Lepiforum (2021), Viejo Montesinos, González Granados & Gómez de Aizpurua (2014a).

Cerocala sana parasite

Cerocala sana Staudinger, 1901 on Helianthemum parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Cistaceae, monophagous Helianthemum lippii. distribution within Europe Turkey. references Kravchenko, Pstygo, Speidel & Müller (2013a).

Cerocala parasite

Cydia rymarczyki parasite

Cydia rymarczyki Varenne & Nel, 2013 on Quercus parasite Larvae bore in the acorns. host plants Fagaceae, monophagous Quercus ilex. distribution within Europe France, Malta, Greece. egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Huemer & van Nieukerken (2021a), Lepiforum (2021), Trematerra 2019a), Varenne & Nel (2013a).

Cydia aldocataniae parasite

Cydia aldocataniae Trematerra, 2019 on Quercus parasite Larvae botr in the acorns. host plants Fagaceae, monophagous Quercus ilex. distribution within Europe Malta. egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Lepiforum (2021), Trematerra (2019a).

Cucullia gozmanyi parasite

Cucullia gozmanyi (Ronkay & Ronkay, 1994) on Verbascum parasite Larvae freely on the inflorescence. host plants Scrophulariaceae, monophagous Verbascum phoeniceum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Morandini & Zilli. synonyms Shargacucullia gozmanyi. references Bálint, Katona & Ronkay (2016a), Lepiforum (2021), Morandini & Zilli (2007a).

Hoplodrina respersa parasite

Hoplodrina respersa (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) on kruiden parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Helianthemum nummularium; Leucanthemum vulgare. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 1997b), Lepiforum (2021).

Hoplodrina superstes parasite

Hoplodrina superstes (Ochsenheimer, 1816) powdered rustic on herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Plantago; Rumex. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 1997b), Lepiforum (2021), Vegliante & Zilli (2007a).

Hoplodrina blanda parasite

Hoplodrina blanda (Denis & Schifermüller, 1775) rustic on herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Centaurea scabiosa; Helianthemum nummularium; Plantago lanceolata; Rumex acetosa; Sedum; Silene; Silene. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Dolinskaya, Lepiforum. references Dolinskaya (2011a), Ebert (ed., 1997b), Koren, Vukotić & Črne (2015a), Lepiforum (2021), Vegliante & […]

Hoplodrina octogenaria parasite

Hoplodrina octogenaria (Goeze, 1781) uncertain on herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Galium; Plantago major; Rumex; Taraxacum officinae. In captivity Glechoma hederacea distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Hoplodrina alsines (Esper, 1789). references Dapporto (1998a), Ebert (ed., 1997b), Lepiforum (2021), Vegliante & Zilli (2007a), Wirooks & […]

Hoplodrina parasite

Caradrina clavipalpis parasite

Caradrina clavipalpis (Scopoli, 1763) pale mottled willow on herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Campanula; Lamium; Leontodon; Parthenocissus inserta; Plantago; Rumex acetosa; Stellaria media; Taraxacum.. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Dolinskaya, Lepiforum. synonyms Paradrina clavipalpis. references Dolinskaya (2011a), Jakšić (2016a), Koren, Vukotić & Črne (2015a), Lepiforum (2021), […]

Helivictoria victorina parasite

Helivictoria victorina (Sodoffsky, 1849) on Salvia parasite Larvae freely on the inflorescence. host plants Lamiaceae, monophagous Salvia microstegia. In captivity also Salvia officinalis, pratensis, sclarea. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Beck & Stadie. references Beck & Stadie (2014a).

Helivictoria parasite

Heliothis adaucta parasite

Heliothis adaucta Butler, 1878 on herbs parasite Larvae freely on the flowers and fruits. host plants polyphagous Cytisus scoparius; Medicago. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Heliothis maritima bugarica (Draudt, 1938). references Gelbrecht & Lehmann (2008a), Lepiforum (2021).

Heliothis maritima parasite

Heliothis maritima de Graslin, 1855 shoulder-striped clover on Erica parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Ericaceae, ? monophagous polyphagous Erica tetralix. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Dolinskaya, Lepiforum. synonyms Heliothis maritima warneckei (Boursin, 1963). references Dolinskaya (2014b), Lepiforum (2021).

Caradrina kadenii parasite

Caradrina kadenii Freyer, 1836 Clancy’s rustic on herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Oenothera. In captivity also Alcea rosea; Oxalis corniculata. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Platyperigera kadenii. references Ebert (ed., 1997b), Lepiforum (2021), Wirooks & Guckes (2016a).

Caradrina selini parasite

Caradrina selini Boisduval, 1840 on herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Plantago; Rumex; Taraxacum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Paradrina selini. references Kravchenko, Fibiger, Mooser, ao (2008c), Lepiforum (2021), Vegliante & Zilli (2007a).

Caradrina morpheus parasite

Caradrina morpheus (Hufnagel, 1766) mottled rustic on herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Artemisia vulgaris; Aster; Calystegia sepium; Chenopodium album, vulvaria; Cichorium intybus; Clematis vitalba; Convolvulus arvensis; Dipsacus fullonum, pilosus; Galium mollugo; Humulus lupulus; Lamium; Persicaria maculosa; Plantago; Polygonum aviculare; Rumex acetosa, crispus, obtusifolius; Salix; Stellaria; Taraxacum; Thymus, Urtica. distribution within […]

Stilbia anomala parasite

Stilbia anomala (Hawoth, 1812) anomalous on “grasses” parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants narrowly polyphagous Avenella flexuosa; Luzula luzuloides. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Ebert (ed., 1997b).

Stilbia parasite

Acosmetia caliginosa parasite

Acosmetia caliginosa (Hübmer, 1813) reddish buff on Serratula parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Serratula tinctoria. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 1997b), Heindel, Bolz & Hacker (2005a), Hiermann (2016a), Lepiforum (2021).

Acosmetia parasite

Condicini parasite

Elaphria venustula parasite

Elaphria venustula (Hübner 1790) rosy marbled on kruiden parasite Larvae freely on the flowers. host plants polyphagous Alchemilla; Argentina anserina; Calluna; Cytisus scoparius; Genista; Gentiana; Potentilla erecta, recta, reptans; Rosa canina; Rubus fruticosus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Bentley (2008a), Ebert (ed., 1997b), Koren, Vukotić & Črne (2015a), Lepiforum […]

Elaphria parasite

Elaphrini parasite

Aedophron phlebophora parasite

Aedophron phlebophora Lederer, 1858 on Phlomis parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Lamiaceae, monophagous Phlomis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Kravchenko, Orlova, Fibiger, ao (2005b).

Aedophron parasite

Philareta treitschkei parasite

Philareta treitschkei (Frivaldsky, 1835) on Scutellaria parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Lamiaceae, monophagous Scutellaria columnae, rupestris. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Losert. synonyms Pyrrhia treitschkei, Heliothis treitschkii. references Kravchenko, Orlova, Fibiger, ao (2005b), Losert (2015a), Lepiforum (2021).

Philareta parasite

Heliothis nubigera parasite

Heliothis nubigera Herrich-Schäffer, 1851 eastern bordered straw on herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Atriplex halimus; Calendula; Carthamus; Echinops exaltatus; Ferula communis; Glebionis coronaria; Hyoscyamus niger, reticulatus; Lonicera; Peganum harmala; Retama raetam; Zygophyllum fabago. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Bertaccini & Campri (2003a), Kravchenko, Orlova, […]

Salvia greggii parasite

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf vagrant Aphididae Aulacorthum circumflexum leaf vagrant Aphididae Macrosiphum euphorbiae leaf vagrant Aphididae Myzus ornatus

Heliothis incarnata parasite

Heliothis incarnata Freyer, 1838 on Silene, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Caryophyllaceae, oligophagous Dianthus; Silene scabriflora; Spergularia marina, nicaeensis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Chazaria, Rhodocleptria, incarnata. references Andújar Tomás, Gómez Ladrón de Guevara & Ruano Marco (1985a), Huertas Dionisio (2007a), Lepiforum (2021), Zehentner (2010a).

Periphanes delphinii parasite

Periphanes delphinii (Linnaeus, 1758) pease blossom on Consolida, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Ranunculaceae, oligophagous Aconitum; Consolida regalis; Delphinium. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 1997b), Kravchenko, Orlova, Fibiger, ao (2005b), Lepiforum (2021).

Periphanes parasite

Pyrrhia umbra parasite

Pyrrhia umbra (Hufnagel, 1766) bordered sallow on kruiden parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Alnus glutinosa; Antirrhinum majus; Clinopodium nepeta; Euphrasia stricta; Geranium pratense; Linaria vulgaris; Melampyrum; Onobrychis viciifolia; Ononis spinosa & subsp. procurrens; Scrophularia. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dapporto (1998a), Ebert (ed., 1997b), Hausmann […]

Pyrrhia parasite

Protoschinia scutosa parasite

Protoschinia scutosa (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) spotted clover on Artemisia, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Artemisia abrotanum, campestris, dracunculus, maritima, scoparia, vulgaris; Chenopodium; Cytisus scoparius; Suaeda. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Schinia scutosa; Heliothis scutosus. references Bella, Parenzan & Russo (2009a), Bertaccini (2008a), Ebert […]

Protoschinia parasite

Heliothis ononis parasite

Heliothis ononis (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) on herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Artemisia campestris; Knautia arvensis; Linum usitatissimum; Odontites luteus; Ononis; Salvia pratensis; Sempervivum arachnoideum; Silene nutans. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 1997b), Lepiforum (2021).

Heliothis viriplaca parasite

Heliothis viriplaca (Hufnagel, 1766) flax, budworm on herbs parasite Larvae freely on the inflorescence and leaves. host plants polyphagous Artemisia campestris, vulgaris; Centaurea scabiosa, stoebe; Cichorium; Crepis; Cytisus scoparius; Dianthus carthusianorum; Euphorbia cyparissias; Linaria; Malva alcea; Medicago sativa; Melilotus; Odontites luteus; Ononis natrix, spinosa; Picris hieracioides; Pilosella officinarum; Sanguisorba minor; Securigera varia; Silene latifolia, nutans; […]

Aphis asclepiadis parasite

Aphis asclepiadis Fitch, 1851 dogwood-milkweed aphid parasite North American species with Cornus as primary host and a larger number of herbaceous species, including Asclepias, as secondary host. The species is not known from Europe, but is casually mentioned from the Netherlands by Piron. The identification is in need of conformation. host plants polyphagous ? Helianthus […]

Amphipyra effusa parasite

Amphipyra effusa Boisduval, 1828 on herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Cistus; Cytisus; Foeniculum vulgare. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Pyrois effusa. references Lepiforum (2021), Peslier (2000a).

Amphipyra tetra parasite

Amphipyra tetra (Fabricius, 1787) on herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants ? polyphagous Hieracium. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Lepiforum (2021), Peslier (2000a).

Amphipyra cinnamomea parasite

Amphipyra cinnamomea (Goeze, 1781) on broadleaved trees parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Populus; Prunus spinosa. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). synonyms Pyrois cinnamomea. references Peslier (2000a).

Amphipyra tragopoginis parasite

Amphipyra tragopoginis (Clerck, 1759) mouse moth on herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Artemisia; Consolida ajacis; Crepis foetida; Daucus carota; Epilobium; Galium verum; Medicago x varia; Melilotus; Papaver; Phyteuma orbiculare; Prenanthes purpurea; Scrophularia; Tragopogon pratensis; Verbascum phlomoides. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 1997b), […]

Amphipyra livida parasite

Amphipyra livida (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) on kruiden parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Artemisia; Hieracium; Lactuca; Rumexl Taraxacum officinale. Whether this list really is based on field observations, rather then ab-ovo breeding, seems doubtful. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Peslier (2000a), Vyšniauskaitė & Tamutis (2012a), Weidlich (2017a).

Agrotis herzogi parasite

Agrotis herzogi Rebel, 1911 Spalding’s dart on Atriplex parasite Larvae freely on the roots. host plants Amaranthaceae, monophagous Atriplex turcomanica. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Kravchenko, Hausmann & Müller (2006a), Kravchenko, Pstygo, Speidel & Müller (2013a).

Agrotis parasite

Euxoa canariensis parasite

Euxoa canariensis Rebel, 1902 on Atriplex parasite Larvae freely at the roots. host plants Amaranthaceae, monophagous Atriplex halimus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Kobes, Lepiforum. references Kobes ( 1998a), Kravchenko, Hausmann & Müller (2006a), Kravchenko, Pstygo, Speidel & Müller (2013a), Lepiforum (2021).

Euxoa parasite

Agrotina parasite

Caradrina casearia parasite

Caradrina Caradrina casearia (Staudinger, 1900) on Atriplex parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Amaranthaceae, monophagous Atriplex glauca, halimus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Kravchenko, Hausmann & Müller (2006a).

Cucullia improba parasite

Cucullia improba Christoph, 1885 on ? Anthemis parasite Larvae freely on the inflorescence. host plants Asteraceae, ? oligophagous ? Anthemis. In Israel larvae heve been found on Aaronsohnia factorovskyi, a close relative of Antehmis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Kravchenko, Fibiger, Muller & Ronkay (2005a), Kravchenko, Hausmann & Müller (2006a).

Amphipyra perflua parasite

Amphipyra perflua (Fabricius, 1787) on broadleaved trees parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Alnus; Corylus avellana; Crataegus; Fagus sylvatica; Ligustrum vulgare; Lonicera xylosteum; Malus domestica; Populus nigra, tremula; Prunus spinosa; Salix caprea, x fragilis; Ulmus minor; Vaccinium myrtillus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 1997b), […]

Amphipyra berbera parasite

Amphipyra berbera Rungs, 19949 Svensson’s copper underwing on broadleaved trees parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Aesculus hippocastanum; Crataegus laciniata; Populus tremula; Quercus robur; Tilia cordata, platyphyllos. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 1997b), Lepiforum (2021), Lichtenberger (1989a), Žikić, Ritt, Colacci, ao (2019a).

Amphipyra pyramidea parasite

Amphipyra pyramidea Linnaeus, 1758) copper underwing on broadleaved trees parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Acer platanoides, pseudoplatanus; Aesculus hippocastanum; Betula pendula; Carpinus betulus; Cornus sanguinea; Corylus avellana; Fagus orientalis, sylvatica; Frangula alnus; Fraxinus angustifolia, excelsior; Ligustrum vulgare; Lonicera xylosteum; Malus domestica; Populus; Prunus cerasus, spinosa; Pyracantha pockei; Pyrus cordata; Quercus petraea; […]

Amphipyra parasite

Amphipyrinae parasite

Lamprosticta culta parasite

Lamprosticta culta (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) on Crataegus, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Rosaceae, oligophagous Crataegus; Malus; Prunus; Pyrus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). notes It cannot be excluded that the larva primarily lives on lichens. references Dapporto (1998a), Ebert (ed., 1997b), Stojanović, Ćurčić, Orlović & Galić (2011a).

Lamprosticta parasite

Calliergis ramosa parasite

Calliergis ramosa (Esper, 1786) on Lonicera parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Caprifoliaceae, monophagous Lonicera nigra, tatarica, xylosteum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 1997b), Lepiforum (2021).

Calliergis parasite

Armada panaceorum parasite

Armada panaceorum (Ménétriés, 1848) on Arnebia, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants FFFFFFF, Boraginaceae oligophagous Arnebia decumbens; Heterocaryum rigidum; Sclerocaryopsis spinocarpos. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Kravchenko, Hausmann & Müller (2006a).

Armada parasite

Armadini parasite

Gnamptonyx innexa parasite

Gnamptonyx innexa (Walker, 1858) on Acacia, Prosopis parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, oligophagous Acacia tortilis & subsp. raddiana; Prosopis farcta. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Kravchenko, Hausmann & Müller (2006a).

Gnamptonyx parasite

Heteropalpia acrosticta parasite

Heteropalpia acrosticta (Püngeler, 1904) on Acacia, Prosopis parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, oligophagous Acacia karroo, tortilis & subsp. raddiana; Prosopis farcta. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Kravchenko, Hausmann & Müller (2006a), Sammut, Sammut, Catania, ao (2003a).

Heteropalpia parasite

Anumeta atrosignata parasite

Anumeta atrosignata Walker, 1858 on Calligonum, Rumex parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Polygonaceae, oligophagous Calligonum polygonoides subsp. comosum; Rumex vesicarius. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Kravchenko, Hausmann & Müller (2006a), Kravchenko, Pstygo, Speidel & Müller (2013a).

Calligonum polygonoides subsp. comosum parasite

synonym: Calligonum comosum organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf vagrant Noctuidae Acronicta rumicis leaf vagrant Erebidae Anumeta spilota leaf vagrant Erebidae Anumeta atrosignata

Anumeta spilota parasite

Anumeta spilota (Erschoff, 1874) on Calligonum parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Polygonaceae, monophagous Calligonum polygonoides subsp. comosum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Kravchenko, Hausmann & Müller (2006a), Kravchenko, Pstygo, Speidel & Müller (2013a).

Anumeta parasite

Calophasia lunula parasite

Calophasia lunula Hufnagel, 1766) toadflax brocade on Linaria, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Plantaginaceae, narrowly oligophagous Kickxia spuria; Linaria alpina, genistifolia, repens, vulgaris. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Kemal ao, Lepiforum, Meuris. references Adolph, Kortstock, Niehoff & Schweitzer (2019a), Bentley (2008a), Dapporto (1998a), Ebert (ed., 1997b), Kemal, […]

Calophasia parasite

Cucullia cineracea parasite

Cucullia cineracea Freyer, 1841 on Artemisia parasite Larvae freely on the infloresence. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Artemisia alba. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Lepiforum (2021).

Cucullia hartigi parasite

Cucullia hartigi Ronkay & Ronkay, 1987 on Santolina parasite Larvae freely on the inflorescence. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Santolina corsica. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Lepiforum (2021).

Cucullia celsiae parasite

Cucullia celsiae Herrich-Schäffer, 1850 on Scutellaria parasite Larvae freely on the inflorescence. host plants Lamiaceae, monophagous Scutellaria albida, columnae, cypria, rupestris subsp. parnassica. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepidoptera and their ecology (www.pyrgus.de). synonyms Calocucullia celsiae. references Kravchenko, Fibiger, Muller & Ronkay (2005a).

Scutellaria cypria parasite

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite flower vagrant Noctuidae Cucullia celsiae

Cucullia anceps parasite

Cucullia anceps Staudiinger, 1882v on Verbascum parasite Larvae freely on the inflorescence. host plants Scrophulariaceae, monophagous Verbascum. distribution within Europe Turkey. synonyms Shargacucullia anceps. references Kravchenko, Fibiger, Muller & Ronkay (2005a).

Cucullia bathae parasite

Cucullia bathae Boursin, 1933 on Scrophularia parasite Larvae freely on the inflorescence. host plants Scrophulariaceae, monophagous Scrophularia. distribution within Europe Turkey. synonyms Shargacucullia bathae. references Kravchenko, Fibiger, Muller & Ronkay (2005a).

Quadrastichus dasineurae parasite

Quadrastichus dasineurae Doğanlar, Lasalle, Sertkaya & Doğanlar, 2009 on Olea parasite Larvae predate on the larvae of the gall midge Dasineura oleae. host plants Oleaceae, monophagous Olea europaea. distribution within Europe Turkije. references Doğanlar, Lasalle, Sertkaya & Doğanlar (2009a).

Eulophinae parasite

Tetrastichinae parasite

Quadrastichus sajoi parasite

Quadrastichus sajoi (Szelényi, 1941) on Prunus parasite Predator in the gall mite Acalitus phloeocoptes. host plants Rosaceae, monophagous Prunus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Haarder, Thuróczy & Csóka (2019a).

Quadrastichus parasite

Metalopha gloriosa parasite

Metalopha gloriosa (Staudinger, 1892) on Launaea host plants Asteraceae, monophagous ? Launaea. distribution within Europe Turkey. references Kravchenko, Fibiger, Muller & Ronkay (2005a).

Metalopha parasite

Cucullia boryphora parasite

Cucullia boryphora Fischer von Waldheim, 1840 on ? Artemisia parasite Insufficiently known species. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous ? Artemisia. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Kravchenko, Fibiger, Muller & Ronkay (2005a).

Cucullia santonici parasite

Cucullia santonici (Hübner, 1813) on Artemisia parasite Larvae freely on the inflorescence. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Artemisia absinthium, alba. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Kravchenko, Fibiger, Muller & Ronkay (2005a), Lepiforum (2021), Peslier (2000a).

Cucullia formosa parasite

Cucullia formosa Rogenhofer, 1860 on Artemisia parasite Larvae freely on the inflorescence. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Artemisia alba. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Freytag (1997a), Lepiforum (2021).

Cucullia argentea parasite

Cucullia argentea (Hufnagel, 1766) green silver-spangled shark on Artemisia parasite Larvae freely on the inflorescence. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Artemisia campestris. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Freytag (1997a), Gelbrecht & Rosenbauer (2013a), Heinrich & Springborn (1986a), Kravchenko, Fibiger, Muller & Ronkay (2005a), Lepiforum (2021).

Cucullia erythrocephala parasite

Cucullia erythrocephala Wagner, 1914 on Scrophularia parasite Larvae freely on the inflorescence. host plants Scrophulariaceae, monophagous Scrophularia canina & subsp. frutescens. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Shargacucullia erythrocephala. references Corley, Rosete, Marabuto, ao (2014a), Gomez de Aizpúrua (1987a), Guerrero, Rubio, Garre & Ortiz (2018a), Huertas Dionisio (2007a), Lepiforum (2021).

Cucullia blattariae parasite

Cucullia blattariae (Esper, 1790) on Scrophularia parasite Larvae freely on the inflorescence. host plants Scrophulariaceae, monophagous Scrophularia canina & subsp. hoppii. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Shargacucullia blattariae. references Freytag (1997a), Kravchenko, Fibiger, Muller & Ronkay (2005a), Lepiforum (2021), Morandini & Zilli (2007a), Vegliante & Zilli (2007a), De Vrieze […]

Rhinusa weilli parasite

Rhinusa weilli Caldara, 2014 on Verbascum host plants Scrophulariaceae, monophagous Verbascum sinuatum. distribution within Europe Turkey. references Caldara (2014a).

Rhinusa emmrichi parasite

Rhinusa emmrichi (Bajtenov, 1979) on Scrophularia host plants Scrophulariaceae, monophagous Scrophularia lucida, peyronii. distribution within Europe Cyprus, Turkey. references Caldara (2014a).

Scrophularia olympica parasite

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite fruit borer larva Curculionidae Rhinusa bipustulata

Cucullia syrtana parasite

Cucullia syrtana Mabille, 1888 on ? Launaea host plants Asteraceae, monophagous ? Launaea. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Kravchenko, Fibiger, Muller & Ronkay (2005a) .

Rhinusa tenuirostris parasite

Rhinusa tenuirostris (Stierlin, 1888) on Verbascum gall In elongated to globular stem galls a number of weevil larvae is living. host plants Scrophulariaceae, monophagous Verbascum gaillardotii. distribution within Europe Turkey. references Caldara (2014a), Doğanlar & Üremiş (2014a).

Cucullia scrophulariphaga parasite

Cucullia scrophulariphaga Rambur 1833 on Scrophularia parasite Larvae freely on the inflorescence. host plants Scrophulariaceae, monophagous Scrophularia ramosissima, trifoliata. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Lepiforum (2021), Wiltshire (1985a).

Cucullia santolinae parasite

Cucullia santolinae Rambur, 1834 on Artemisia, Santolina parasite Larvae freely on the inflorescence. host plants Asteraceae, oligophagous Artemisia arborescens, caerulescens subsp. cretacea, campestris, ? monsperma; Santolina chamaecyparissus, impressa. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Andújar Tomás, Gómez Ladrón de Guevara & Ruano Marco (1985a), Corley, Ferreira, Grundy, ao (2018a), Govi […]

Cucullia prenanthis parasite

Cucullia prenanthis Boisduval, 1840 false water betony on Scrophularia parasite Larvae freely on the inflorescence. host plants Scrophulariaceae, monophagous Scrophularia ? auriculata, nodosa, vernalis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Shargacucullia prenanthis. references Boursin (1962b), Ebert (ed., 1997b), Freytag (1997a), Kuras & Sitek (2007a), Lepiforum (2021), Žikić, Ritt, Colacci, ao […]

Cucullia verbasci parasite

Cucullia verbasci (Linnaeus, 1758) mullein moth on Verbascum, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Scrophulariaceae, oligophagous Buddleja davidii; Scrophularia canina, nodosa; Verbascum blattaria, densiflorum, gaillardotii, giganteum & subsp. martinezii, lychnitis, nigum, phlomoides, pulverulentum, sinuatum, thapsus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Shargacucullia verbasci. references Doğanlar & Üremiş […]

Cucullia lychnitis parasite

Cucullia lychnitis Rambur, 1833 striped lychnis on Verbascum parasite Larvae freely on the inflorescence. host plants Scrophulariaceae, monophagous Verbascum chaixii subsp. austriacum, lychnitis, nigrum, phlomoides, pulverulentum, sinuatum, thapsus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Shargacucullia lychnitis. references Dapporto (1998a), Ebert (ed., 1997b), Freytag (1997a), Heinrich & Springborn (1986a), Kraus (2000a), […]

Cucullia lanceolata parasite

Cucullia lanceolata (de Villers, 1789) on Verbascum parasite Larvae freely on the inflorescence. host plants Scrophulariaceae, monophagous Verbascum giganteum, thapsus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Shargacucullia lanceolata; Cucullia thapsiphaga Treitsche, 1826. references Ebert (ed., 1997b), Freytag (1997a),Huertas Dionisio (2007a), Lepiforum (2021), Peslier (2000a), Žikić, Ritt, Colacci, ao (2019a).

Pyrgus centaureae parasite

Pyrgus centaureae (Rambur, 1839) northern grizzled skipper on Rubus parasite Larvae in a folded leaf. host plants Rosaceae, monophagous Rubus chamaemorus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Hernández-Roldán, Munguira, Wagner & Vila (2012a), Lepiforum (2021).

Pyrgus cinarae parasite

Pyrgus cinarae (Rambur, 1839) sandy grizzled skipper on Filipendula, Potentilla parasite Larvae freely on the fruits. host plants Rosaceae, oligophagous Filipendula vulgaris; Potentilla hirta, recta, reptans. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Hernández-Roldán ao, Lepiforum. references Hernández-Roldán, Munguira, Wagner & Vila (2012a), Hernández-Roldán & Vicente Arranz (2010a), Lepiforum (2021), Popović, Radevski, Miljević […]

Cucullia scrophulariae parasite

Cucullia scrophulariae (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) water betony on Scrophularia, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the inflorescence. host plants Scrophulariaceae, oligophagous ? Buddleja davidii; Scrophularia auriculata, canina, nodosa, umbrosa; Verbascum nigrum, thapsus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Shargacucullia scrophulariae. references Detrée (2013a), Ebert (ed., 1997b), Freytag (1997a), Heinrich & […]

Cucullia caninae parasite

Cucullia caninae (Rambur, 1833) on Scrophularia parasite Larvae freely on the inflorescence. host plants Scrophulariaceae, monophagous Scrophularia ? auriculata, canina, ramosissima. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Shargacucullia caninae. references Ebert (ed., 1997b), Lepiforum (2021), Peslier (2000a), Vegliante & Zilli (2007a).

Cucullia asteris parasite

Cucullia asteris (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) star-wort on Aster, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the inflorescence. host plants Asteraceae, oligophagous Aster amellus, “frikartii”; Callistephus chinensis; Galatella linosyris; Inula conyzae; Solidago candensis, virgaurea; Tripolium pannonicum subsp. tripolium. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Bentley (2008a), Ebert (ed., 1997b), Heinrich & Springborn […]

Cucullia dracunculi parasite

Cucullia dracunculi (Hübner, 1813) on Galatella, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the inflorescence. host plants Asteraceae, oligophagous Artemisia dracunculus; Galatella linosyris, sedifolia; Solidago virgaurea. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Bertaccini (2008a), Ebert (ed., 1997b), Friedel (1967a), Govi & Fiumi (2018a), Lepiforum (2021).

Cucullia tanaceti parasite

Cucullia tanaceti (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) on Artemisia, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the inflorescence. host plants Asteraceae, oligophagous Achillea millefolium; Artemisia absinthium, alba, pontica, vulgaris; Cota tinctoria; Tanacetum vulgare. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Broszkus (1991a), Ebert (ed., 1997b), Freytag (1997a), Heinrich & Springborn (1986a), Kraus (2000a), Lepiforum […]

Cucullia calendulae parasite

Cucullia calendulae Treitschke, 1835 marigold shark on Calendula, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the flower heads. host plants Asteraceae, oligophagous Achillea; Anthemis; Calendula arvensis; Glebionis coronaria; Matricaria chamomilla. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dobado (2020a), Freytag (1997a), Kravchenko, Fibiger, Muller & Ronkay (2005a), Lepiforum (2021), Marabuto (2018a), Pérez-Guerrero, Redondo-Villa […]

Cucullia gnaphalii parasite

Cucullia gnaphalii (Hübner, 1813) cudweed on Solidago parasite Larvae freely on the inflorescence. host plants Asteraceae, ? oligophagous ? Artemisia; Solidago virgaurea. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 1997b), Lepiforum (2021), Peslier (2000a), Reuhl (1974a).

Cucullia chamomillae parasite

Cucullia chamomillae (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) chamomile shark on Tripleurospermum, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the inflorescence. host plants Asteraceae, oligophagous Anthemis arvensis; Artemisia caerulescens; Bellis annua; Matricaria chamomilla; Tanacetum vulgare; Tripleurospermum inodorum, maritimum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dobado (2020a), Ebert (ed., 1997b), Heinrich & Springborn (1986a), Huertas […]

Cucullia campanulae parasite

Cucullia campanulae Freyer, 1831 on Campanula parasite Larvae (at night) freely on the inflorescence; during the day hidden in the soil etc.. host plants Campanulaceae, monophagous Campanula rotundifolia. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 1997b), Freytag (1997a), Lepiforum (2021), Peslier (2000a).

Cucullia umbratica parasite

Cucullia umbratica (Linnaeus, 1758) shark on Sonchus etc. parasite Larvae freely at the inflorescence. host plants Asteraceae, oligophagous Cichorium endivia; Crepis; Hieracium; Hypochaeris; ? Lactuca sativa; Leontodon; Picris hieracioides; Sonchus arvensis; Taraxacum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Dolinskaya, Lepiforum. references Dapporto (1998a), Dolinskaya (2014b), Ebert (ed., 1997b), Heinrich & Springborn (1986a), […]

Cucullia lucifuga parasite

Cucullia lucifuga (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) on Prenanthes, etc. parasite Larvae freely in the inflorescence. host plants Asteraceae, oligophagous Achillea millefolium; Hieracium; Lactuca sativa; Petasites paradoxus; Prenanthes purpurea; Sonchus; Taraxacum; Tussilago farfara. A reference to Daucus carota (Apiaceae) is less likely. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 1997b), […]

Cucullia praecana parasite

Cucullia praecana Evermann, 1843 on Artemisia parasite Larvae freely in the inlorescence. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Artemisia abrotanum, vulgaris. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Freytag (1997a), Lepiforum (2021), De Vrieze & Faquaet (2006a).

Plebejus christophi parasite

Plebejus christophi (Staudinger, 1874) on Alhagi parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Alhagi maurorum. distribution within Europe Turkey. synonyms Plebeius christophi. references Olivier, van der Poorten & De Prins (1998a), Schurian (1997a).

Cucullia lactucae parasite

Cucullia lactucae (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) lettuce shark on Prenanthes, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Asteraceae, oligophagous Cirsium arvense; Hieracium; lactuca muralis, perennis, sativa, serriola; Prenanthes purpurea; Sonchus arvensis, asper, oleraceus; Tragopogon pratensis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Boczki (2009a), Ebert (ed., 1997b), Lepiforum (2021), […]

Cucullia xeranthemi parasite

Cucullia xeranthemi Boisduval, 1840 on Galatella parasite Larvae freely in the inflorescence. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Galatella linosyris. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Dolinskaya, Lepiforum. references Dolinskaya (2014b), Ebert (ed., 1997b), Eis & Mitterer (2019a), Freytag (1997a), Lepiforum (2021), Manci, Sitar, Corduneanu & Balan (2015a), Peslier (2000a).

Cucullia artemisiae parasite

Cucullia artemisiae (Hufnagel, 1766) scarce wormwood on Artemisia, etc. parasite Larvae freely in the inflorescence. host plants Asteraceae, oligophagous Artemisia absinthium, campestris, vulgaris; Matricaria chamomilla; Tanacetum vulgare. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 1997b), Freytag (1997a), Heinrich & Springborn (1986a), Lepiforum (2021), De Prins (1987a), De Vrieze & […]

Cucullia absinthii parasite

Cucullia absinthii (Linnaeus, 1761) wormwood on Artemisia parasite Larvae freely in the inflorescence. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Artemisia absinthium, campestris, vulgaris. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 1997b), Freytag (1997a), Heinrich & Springborn (1986a), Kraus (2000a), Lepiforum (2021), Peslier (2000a), Reuhl (1974a), De Vrieze & Faquaet (2006a), Vyšniauskaitė […]

Cucullia fraudatrix parasite

Cucullia fraudatrix Eversman 1837 on Artemisia parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Artemisia vulgaris. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 1997b), Heinrich & Springborn (1986a), Lepiforum (2021), Lobenstein (0000a), Urbahn (958a), De Vrieze & Faquaet (2006a).

Abrostola triplasia parasite

soort (Linnaeus, 1758) dark spectacle on Humulus, Urtica parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Cannabaceae, Urticaceae, restricted polyphagous Humulus lupulus; Urtica dioica. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dapporto (1998a), Ebert (ed., 1997b) Lepiforum (2021), Stojanović & Vajgand (2007a), Vegliante & Zilli (2007a).

Polyommatus admetus parasite

Polyommatus admetus (Esper, 1783) anomalous blue on Onobrychis parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Onobrychis arenaria, ebenoides. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Bálint (1993b), Lepiforum (2021).

Plebejus hesperica parasite

Plebejus hesperica (Rambur, 1839) spanish sapphire blue on Astragalus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Astragalus alopecuroides, turolensis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Kretania hesperica; Plebejus hespericis. references Lepiforum (2021).Munguira & Martin (1993c “pylaon“).

Plebejus pylaon parasite

Plebejus pylaon (Fischer von Waldheim, 1832) zephyr blue on Astragalus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Astragalus dasyanthus, ponticus, utriger. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Kretania pylaon. references Bury & Savchuk (2015a), Lepiforum (2021).

Polyommatus galloi parasite

Polyommatus galloi Balletto & Toso, 1979 Gallo’s anomalous blue on Onobrychis parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Onobrychis caput-galli. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Balletto (1993a).

Polyommatus humedasae parasite

Polyommatus humedasae Toso & Balletto, 1976 piedmont anomalous blue on Onobrychis parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Onobrychis montana, viciifolia. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Balletto (1993a), Lepiforum (2021).

Plebejus zullichi parasite

Plebejus zullichi (Hemming, 1933) Züllich’s blue on Androsace parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Primulaceae, monophagous Androsace vitaliana. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). synonyms Agriades zullichi. references Munguira & Martin (1993a).

Abrostola tripartita parasite

Abrostola tripartita (Hufnagel, 1766) spectacle on Urtica parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Urticaceae, monophagous Urtica dioica, urens. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 1997b); Lepiforum (2021), Stojanović & Vajgand (2007a).

Abrostola asclepiadis parasite

Abrostola asclepiadis (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) on Vincetoxicum parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Apocynaceae, monophagous Vincetoxicum hirundinaria. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 1997b), Förare (1995a), Lepiforum (2021), Stojanović & Vajgand (2007a).

Chrysodeixis chalcites parasite

Chrysodeixis chalcites (Esper, 1789) golden twin-spot on herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Apium; Capsicum; Convolvulus; Cymbalaria muralis; Echium; Hyoscyamus albus; Lycopersicon esculentum; Musa acuminata; Nicotiana; Pelargonium; Rubus; Solanum; Urtica. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Andújar Tomás, Gómez Ladrón de Guevara & Ruano Marco (1985a), […]

Chrysodeixis parasite

Trichoplusia ni parasite

Trichoplusia ni (Hübner, 1803) ni moth, cabbage looper on herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Brassica; Capsicum annuum; Chenopodium; Lactuca; Launaea fragilis; Lycopersicon esculentum; Rumex; Urtica. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Andújar Tomás, Gómez Ladrón de Guevara & Ruano Marco (1985a), Bella, Parenzan & Russo […]

Trichoplusia parasite

Thysanoplusia orichalcea parasite

Thysanoplusia orichalcea (Fabricius, 1775) slender burnished brass on herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants broadly polyphagous Allium; Brassica; Cachrys libanotis; Carthamus; Cynara; Glebionis coronaria; Glycine max; Gossypium; Helianthus annuus; Linaria; Linum; Medicago sativa; Nicotiana; Solanum; Zea. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Balogh & Tóth (2019a), Bella, […]

Thysanoplusia parasite

Argyrogrammatini parasite

Prays citri parasite

Prays citri (Milliere, 1873) citrus ermel, citrus flower moth on Citrus parasite Larvae in the inflorescence, feeding on buds and young fruits. host plants Rutaceae, monophagous Citrus aurantium, limon, medica, reticulata. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Gómez de Aizpúrua (2003a), Lepiforum (2021), Žikić, Ritt, Colacci, ao (2019a).

Boloria titania parasite

Boloria titania (Esper, 1793) titania’s fritillary, purple bog fritillary on Bistorta, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Bistorta officinalis; Viola biflora, mirabilis, reichenbachiana. ? Also Ulmus (Žikić ao). distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Lepiforum (2021), Žikić, Ritt, Colacci, ao (2019a).

Syngrapha ain parasite

Syngrapha ain (Hochenwarth, 1785) on Larix parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Pinaceae, monophagous Larix decidua. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Dapporto (1998a), Kuras & Sitek (2007a).

Syngrapha interrogationis parasite

Syngrapha interrogationis (Linnaeus, 1758) scarce silver y on Vaccinium, eetc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Ericaceae, oligophagous Andromeda polifolia; Calluna vulgaris; Vaccinium myrtillus, uliginosum. But also Betula nana. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 1997b), Lepiforum (2021).

Syngrapha parasite

Autographa bractea parasite

Autographa bractea (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) gold spangle on herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Adenostyles; Anthriscus sylvestris; Cirsium oleraceum; Crepis; Eupatorium cannabinum; Glechoma hederacea; Hieracium; Lamium album; Leontodon; Lonicera periclymenum; Picris; Pilosella officinarum; Plantago lanceolata; Rumex; Senecio vulgaris; Serratula tinctoria; Stachys alpina; Taraxacum officinale; Tussilago farfara; Urtica dioica. distribution within […]

Autographa jota parasite

Autographa jota (Linnaeus, 1758) plain golden y on herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Lonicera caprifolium, periclymenum; Pulmonaria. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 1997b)Lepiforum (2021).

Penthophera morio parasite

Penthophera morio (Linnaeus, 1767) on grasses parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Lolium perenne; Poa pratensis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Kuras & Sitek (2007a), Lepiforum (2021), Žikić, Ritt, Colacci, ao (2019a).

Penthophera parasite

Apopestes spectrum parasite

Apopestes spectrum (Esper, 1787) on Retama, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, oligophagous Cytisus; Genista; Glycyrrhiza; Retama monosperma; Spartium junceum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Freytag, Lepiforum. references Dapporto (1998a), Freytag (1999a), Huertas Dionisio (2007a), Katbeh-Bader (2017a), Kraus (2000a), Kravchenko, Müller, Orlova & Seplyarskaya (2004a), Lepiforum (2021), […]

Apopestes parasite

Autographa pulchrina parasite

Autographa pulchrina (Haworth, 1809) beautiful golden y on herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Chaerophyllum; Heracleum sphondylium; Lamium; Lonicera; Petasites; Primula; Pulmonaria mollis, officinalis; Urtica; Vaccinium myrtillus, uliginosum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 1997b); Lepiforum (2021).

Autographa gamma parasite

Autographa gamma (Linnaeus, 1758) silver y on herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Allium cepa; Artemisia campestris, vulgaris; Beta vulgaris; Brassica napus, oleracea, rapa subsp. rapifera; Cichorium; Cirsium arvense; Clinopodium nepeta; Convolvulus arvensis; Cucumis sativus; Cucurbita pepo; Daucus carota; Helianthus annuus; Hieracium; Hylotelephium telephium; Hyssopus officinalis; Knautia dipsacifolia; Lactuca sativa; Lamium […]

Autographa parasite

Plusia putnami parasite

Plusia putnami (Grote, 1873) Lempke’s gold spot on marsh planta parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Alisma; Calamagrostis canescens; Iris. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Chrysapidia putnami; Plusia putnami gracilis (Lempke, 1966). references Ebert (ed., 1997b), Huemer & Mayr (2000a), Lepiforum (2021), Schaefer (1980a).

Plusia festucae parasite

Plusia festucae (Linnaeus, 1758) gold spot on Typha, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Alisma; Carex; Iris; Phalaroides arundinacea; Phragmites australis; Typha latifolia. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Chrysapidia festucae. references Ebert (ed., 1997b), Kravchenko, Poltavsky & Müller (2018a), Lepiforum (2021), Schaefer (1980a).

Plusia parasite

Plusiina parasite

Macdunnoughia confusa parasite

Macdunnoughia confusa (Stephens, 1850) Dewick’s plusia on herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Achillea millefolium; Anthemis; Artemisia absinthium, campestris; Cichorium endivia; Clematis vitalba; Euphorbia; Lamium purpureum; Peucedanum officinale; Senecio ovatus; Urtica dioica. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Bentley (2008a), Dapporto (1998a), Ebert (ed., 1997b), Koren, […]

Macdunnoughia parasite

Diachrysia chryson parasite

Diachrysia chryson (Esper, 1789) scarce burnished brass on Eupatorium parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Asteraceae, ? monophagous Eupatorium cannabinum. ? Also Salvia. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 1997b); Lepiforum (2021).

Diachrysia chrysitis parasite

Diachrysia chrysitis (Linnaeus, 1758) burnished brass on herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Anchusa; Ballota nigra; Cynoglossum officinale; Echium vulgare; Galeopsis tetrahit; Lamium album, maculatum; Lycopus europaeus; Marrubium vulgare; Origanum vulgare; Pulmonaria mollis; Salvia; Stachys sylvatica; Teucrium scorodonia. References outside of Boraginaceae and Lamiaceae seem exceptional, may be based on breeding […]

Diachrysia parasite

Autoplusiina parasite

Polychrysia moneta parasite

Polychrysia moneta (Fabricius, 1786) golden plusia on Aconitum parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Ranunculaceae, oligophagous Aconitum lycoctonum & subsp. neapolitanum + vulparia, napellus, variegatum; Consolida ajacis; Delphinium; Trollius europaeus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Euchalcia moneta. references Dawidowicz & Kucharczyk (2016a), Ebert (ed., 1997b), Friebe (2016a), […]

Polychrysia parasite

Simyra albovenosa parasite

Simyra albovenosa (Goeze, 1781) reed dagger on marsh plants parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Carex acutiformis; Glyceria maxima; Iris; Juncus effusus; Lathyrus pratensis; Lysimachia vulgaris; Lythrum salicaria; Menyanthes trifoliata; Phalaroides arundinacea; Phragmites australis; Rumex hydrolapathum; Sagina; Salix viminalis; Typha. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Bentley […]

Simyra parasite

Craniophora ligustri parasite

Craniophora ligustri (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) coronet on Ligustrum, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Oleaceae, oligophagous Fraxinus excelsior; Ligustrum ovalifolium, vulgare; Syringa vulgaris. But also reported from Alnus glutinosa; Corylus avellana. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Dolinskaya, Lepiforum. references Dolinskaya (2014b), Ebert (ed., 1997b), Koren, Vukotić & […]

Craniophora parasite

Thaumetopoea wilkinsoni parasite

Thaumetopoea wilkinsoni Tams, 1925 cyprus processionary on Pinus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Pinaceae, monophagous Pinus. Occasionally Cedrus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Basso (2016a), Lepiforum (2021).

Thaumetopoea sedirica parasite

Thaumetopoea sedirica (Doganlar, Doganlar & Doganlar, 2005) on Cedrus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Pinaceae, monophagous Cedrus libani. distribution within Europe Anatolia. synonyms Thaumetopoea torosica (Doganlar, Doganlar & Doganlar, 2005). references Basso (2016a).

Thaumetopoea ispartaensis parasite

Thaumetopoea ispartaensis Doganlar & Avci, 2001 on Cedrus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Pinaceae, monophagous Cedrus libani. distribution within Europe Anatolia. references Basso (2016a).

Thaumetopoea pinivora parasite

Thaumetopoea pinivora (Treitschke, 1834) northern pine processionary moth on Pinus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Pinaceae, monophagous Pinus mugo, nigra, sylvestris. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Aimi, Larsson, Ronnås, ao (2008a), Basso (2016a), Lepiforum (2021).

Thaumetopoea solitaria parasite

Thaumetopoea solitaria (Freyer, 1838) pistachio bud moth on Pistacia, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Anacardiaceae, oligophagous Pistacia lentiscus, terebinthus; Rhus; Schinus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Basso (2016a), Lepiforum (2021), Mirchev, Tsankov & Matova (2006a), Žikić, Ritt, Colacci, ao (2019a).

Elachiptera diastema parasite

Elachiptera diastema Collin, 1946 on Dactylis parasite Larvae phytosaprophagous, develop in stems of plants damaged by other insects. host plants Poaceae, ? monophagous Dactylis glomerata. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Kubík, Preisler & Vonička (2009a), Nartshuk, Polevoi & Przhiboro (2020a).

Chloropinae parasite

Oscinellinae parasite

Acronicta rumicis parasite

Acronicta rumicis (Linnaeus, 1758) knot grass on terrestrial plants parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Bergenia crassifolia; Betula pendula, pubescens; Calligonum polygonoides subsp. comosum; Calluna vulgaris; Carpinus betulus; Centaurea jacea; Crataegus; Dipsacus fullonum; Euphorbia cyparissias, milli; Frangula alnus; Juncus; Larix decidua; Ligustrum ovalifolium; Lysimachia; Lythrum salicaria; Malva neglecta; Mentha x piperita; suaveolens; […]

Acronicta euphorbiae parasite

Acronicta euphorbiae (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) sweet gale on herbs and shrubs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Achillea millefolium; Betula; Cistus halimifolius; Cytisus scoparius; Euphorbia cyparissias; Limoniastrum monopetalum; Ononis; Rubus; Rumex; Sedum; Tuberaria; Vaccinium myrtillus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dapporto (1998a), Ebert (ed., 1997b), […]

Acronicta auricoma parasite

Acronicta auricoma (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) scarce dagger on herbs and shrubs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Alnus glutinosa; Betula humilis, pubescens; Bistorta officinalis; Calluna vulgaris; Centaurea jacea, scabiosa; Cirsium arvense; Cistus halimifolius, salviifolius; Euphorbia cyparissias; Fagus sylvatica; Filipendula ulmaria; Knautia; Ligustrum vulgare; Lysimachia vulgaris; Mentha longifolia; Onobrychis viciifolia; Origanum vulgare; […]

Acronicta menyanthidis parasite

Acronicta menyanthidis (Esper, 1789) light knot grass on herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Betula; Calluna vulgaris; Comarum palustre; Juncus; Lysimachia nummularia; Menyanthes trifoliata; Myrica gale; Populus; Ranunculus aconitifolius; Salix; Vaccinium myrtillus,oxycoccos, uliginosum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 1997b), Lepiforum (2021), Vyšniauskaitė & […]

Acronicta strigosa parasite

Acronicta strigosa (Denis & Schiffermüller 1775) marsh dagger on Prunus, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Rosaceae, oligophagous Crataegus rhipidophylla; Prunus padus, spinosa; Pyrus communis subsp. pyraster; Sorbus aucuparia. ? Also Frangula alnus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Bentley (2008a), Ebert (ed., 1997b), Koren, Vukotić & […]

Subacronicta megacephala parasite

Subacronicta megacephala (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) poplar grey on Populus, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Salicaceae, oligophagous Populus nigra, tremula; Salix caprea. Also Alnus; Quercus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Dolinskaya, Lepiforum. synonyms Acronicta megacephala. references Andújar Tomás, Gómez Ladrón de Guevara & Ruano Marco (1985a), Dapporto […]

Subacronicta parasite

Scyphophorus acupunctatus parasite

Scyphophorus acupunctatus Gyllenhal,1838 sisal weevil on Agave, Yucca, etc. parasite Oviposition near the growing point. Larvae bore in the bases of the leaves and in the flowering stem. host plants Asparagaceae, oligophagous Agave americana, salmiana; Dracaena; Yucca. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). notes Originally a Mexican species. references Cuervo-Parra, Pérez-España, López Pérez, ao (2013a), Falgas […]

Scyphophorus parasite

Acronicta leporina parasite

Acronicta leporina (Linnaeus, 1758) miller on broadleaved trees parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Alnus; Betula pendula; Populus; Salix caprea, viminalis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 1997b), Lepiforum (2021).

Acronicta aceris parasite

Acronicta aceris (Linnaeus, 1768) sycamore on broadleaved trees parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Acer platanoides; Aesculus hippocastanum; Betula; Corylus avellana; Populus; Quercus coccifera, robur; Salix caprea; Tilia; Ulmus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Andújar Tomás, Gómez Ladrón de Guevara & Ruano Marco (1985a), Dapporto (1998a), […]

Acronicta psi parasite

Acronicta psi (Linnaeus, 1758) grey dagger on broadleaved trees parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Alnus glutinosa; Amelanchier ovalis; Betula pendula; Carpinus betulus; Chaenomeles japonica; Corylus avellana; Crataegus monogyna; Fagus sylvatica; Populus; Prunus cerasifera, avium, domestica & subsp. insititia, spinosa, Pyrus bourgaeana, communis; Quercus; Rhus typhina; Rosa canina; Salix caprea, cinerea, viminalis; […]

Acronicta tridens parasite

Acronicta tridens (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) dark dagger on broadleaved trees parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Alnus; Betula pendula; Crataegus; Malus domestica; Prunus dulcis, spinosa; Quercus; Rosa; Salix alba, x fragilis; Tilia. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Andújar Tomás, Gómez Ladrón de Guevara & Ruano […]

Acronicta cuspis parasite

Acronicta cuspis (Hübner, 1813) large dagger on Alnus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Betulaceae, monophagous Alnus glutinosa. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 1997b), Lepiforum (2021), Rákosy (1988a), Šumpich (2015a).

Acronicta alni parasite

Acronicta alni (Linnaeus, 1767) alder moth on broadleaved trees parasite Larvae freely on the leaves; prior to pupation the larva penetrates into a piece of rotten wood. host plants polyphagous Acer pseudoplatanus; Alnus; Betula pendula; Carpinus; Corylus avellana; Crataegus monogyna; Fagus sylvatica; Populus tremula; Prunus domestica, padus, spinosa; Quercus; Ribes; Rosa; Salix caprea; Sorbaria sorbifolia; […]

Acronicta parasite

Pyrausta obfuscata parasite

Pyrausta obfuscata (Scopoli, 1763) on Inula parasite Larvae among spun leaves. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Inula conyzae, hirta. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Lepiforum (2021), Steeman & Sierens (2019a).

Moma alpium parasite

Moma alpium (Osbeck, 1778) scarve merveille du jour on broadleaved trees parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Aesculus hippocastanum; Betula; Fagus sylvatica; Quercus pubescens; Sorbus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 1997b), Lepiforum (2021), Stojanović, Ćurčić, Orlović & Galić (2011a).

Moma parasite

Acronictinae parasite

Eublemma scitula parasite

Eublemma scitula Rambur, 1833 parasite Larvae carnivorous, feeding on the scale Saissetia oleae. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Eublemma scitulum, Coccidiphaga scitula. references Dobado (2019a), Lepiforum (2021).

Eublemma parva parasite

Eublemma parva (Hübner, 1808) small marbled on Dittrichia, etc. parasite Larvae at the flower heads. host plants Asteraceae, oligophagous Dittrichia viscosa; Limbarda crithmoides; Pulicaria dysenterica. Perhaps also Centaurea calcitrapa; Cirsium arvense; Cyanus montanus; Gnaphalium; Helichrysum arenarium (Nowacki & Hołowiński, Troukens). distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Nowacki & Hołowiński (2009a), […]

Eublemma cochylioides parasite

Eublemma cochylioides (Guenée, 1882) on herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Lactuca sativa; Launaea lanifera; Vigna unguiculata. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Bella, Parenzan & Russo (2009a), Pérez De-Gregorio, Fernández & Rondós (2015a).

Eublemma candidana parasite

Eublemma candidana (Fabricius, 1794) on Helichrysum, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Asteraceae, oligophagous Gnaphalium; Helichrysum italicum subsp. picardii. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). synonyms Eublemma pulchralis (de Villers, 1789). references Dapporto (1998a), Huertas Dionisio (2007a), Vegliante & Zilli (2007a), Viejo Montesinos, González Granados & Gómez de Aizpurua (2014a).

Eublemma amoena parasite

Eublemma amoena (Hübner, 1803) on Onopordum parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Onopordum acanthium,. acaulon. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Harizanova, Stoeva, Cristofaro ao (2010a), Swirepik & Woodburn (0000a).

Melanum laterale parasite

Melanum laterale (Haliday, 1833) on Juncus host plants Juncaceae, monophagous Juncus gerardi. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Brunberg Nielsen (2015a), Nartshuk (2012), Nartshuk, Polevoi & Przhiboro (2020a).

Melanum parasite

Chlorops varsoviensis parasite

Chlorops varsoviensis Becker, 1910 on Carex parasite Larvae bore in the stem. host plants Cyperaceae, monophagous Carex. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Nartshuk, Polevoi & Przhiboro (2020a).

Chlorops scalaris parasite

Chlorops scalaris Meigen, 1830 on grasses host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Holcus lanatus; Poa pratensis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Kubík, Preisler & Vonička (2009a), Nartshuk & Pakalniškis (2004a), Nartshuk, Polevoi & Przhiboro (2020a).

Chlorops geminatus parasite

Chlorops geminatus Meigen, 1830 on Hierochloe host plants Poaceae, monophagous Hierochloe odorata. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Nartshuk, Polevoi & Przhiboro (2020a).

Chlorops calceatus parasite

Chlorops calceatus Meigen, 1830 on Festuca host plants Poaceae, monophagous Festuca rubra. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Nartshuk & Pakalniškis (2004a), Nartshuk, Polevoi & Przhiboro (2020a).

Cetema myopinum parasite

Cetema myopinum (Loew, 1866) on Agrostis, etc. parasite Larvae bore in the culm. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Agrostis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Nartshuk, Polevoi & Przhiboro (2020a).

Rhopalopterum femorale parasite

Rhopalopterum femorale (Collin, 1946) on ? Carex host plants Cyperaceae, monophagous ? Carex. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Kubík, Preisler & Vonička (2009a), Nartshuk, Polevoi & Przhiboro (2020a).

Rhopalopterum fasciola parasite

Rhopalopterum fasciola (Meigen, 1830) on ? Carex host plants Cyperaceae, monophagous ? Carex. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Nartshuk, Polevoi & Przhiboro (2020a).

Rhopalopterum atricillum parasite

Rhopalopterum atricillum (Zetterstedt, 1838) on ? Carex host plants Cyperaceae, monophagous ? Carex. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Nartshuk, Polevoi & Przhiboro (2020a).

Eribolus slesvicensis parasite

Eribolus slesvicensis Becker, 1910 on “grasses” parasite Larvae bore in the stems, possibly only after these have been damaged by other insects. host plants narrowly polyphagous Bolboschoenus maritimus; Carex; Phragmites australis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Nartshuk, Polevoi & Przhiboro (2020a).

Dicraeus rossicus parasite

Dicraeus rossicus Stackelberg, 1955 on Elymus parasite Larvae in the developing seeds. host plants Poaceae, monophagous Elymus caninus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Nartshuk, Polevoi & Przhiboro (2020a) .

Pseudeustrotia candidula parasite

Pseudeustrotia candidula (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) shining marbled on Rumex, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Polygonaceae, oligophagous Bistorta officinalis; “Polygonum”; Rumex acetosella. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 1997a), Lepiforum (2021).

Pseudeustrotia parasite

Pseudeustrotiini parasite

Deltote bankiana parasite

Deltote bankiana (Fabricius, 1775) silver barred on “grasses” parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants narrowly polyphagous Calamagrostis epigeios; Carex; Cyperus; Glyceria maxima; Molinia caerulea; Ochlopoa annua; Poa pratensis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Bentley (2008a), Ebert (ed., 1997a), Koren, Vukotić & Črne (2015a)m Lepiforum (2021).

Deltote uncula parasite

Deltote uncula (Clerck, 1759) silver hook on Carex parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Cyperaceae, oligophagous Carex sylvatica; ? Cyperus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 2003a), Lepiforum (2021).

Deltote deceptoria parasite

Deltote deceptoria (Scopoli, 1763) pretty marbled on grasses parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Phleum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 2003a), Lepiforum (2021).

Deltote pygarga parasite

Deltote pygarga (Hufnagel, 1766) marbled white spot mainly on grasses parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Brachypodium pinnatum, sylvaticum; Calamagrostis epigeios; Dactylis glomerata; Lonicera; Molinia caerulea; Phalaroides arundinacea; Rubus idaeus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Protodeltote pygarga. references Dapporto (1998a), Ebert (ed., 2003a), Koren, Vukotić & […]

Deltote parasite

Eustrotiinae parasite

Acontia trabealis parasite

Acontia trabealis (Scopoli, 1763) spotted sulphur on Calystegia, Convolvulus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Convolvulaceae, oligophagous Calystegia sepium; Convolvulus arvensis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Emmelia trabealis. references Andújar Tomás, Gómez Ladrón de Guevara & Ruano Marco (1985a), Dapporto (1998a), Ebert (ed., 2003a), Huertas Dionísio & […]

Acontia parasite

Acontiini parasite

Calamoncosis glyceriae parasite

Calamoncosis glyceriae Nartshuk, 1958 on Glyceria parasite Larvae feed gregariously in the unsheathed inflorescences. host plants Poaceae, monophagous Glyceria maxima. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Brunberg Nielsen (2014a), Kubík, Preisler & Vonička (2009a), Nartshuk & Pakalniškis (2004a), Nartshuk, Polevoi & Przhiboro (2020a).

Nola infantula parasite

Nola infantula Kitt, 1926 on herbs parasite Larvae at the inflorescence. host plants polyphagous Lomelosia rutifolia; Odontites luteus; Sixalix atropurpurea; ? Teucrium. distribution within Europe Southern Europe, west of the Adriatic Sea. egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms References to Nola chlamitulalis from western Europe apply to N. infantula. references Dapporto (1998a), Huertas Dionisio (2007a), […]

Nola chlamitulalis parasite

Nola chlamitulalis (Hübner, 1813) on herbs host plants polyphagous Euphrasia; Salvia; Teucrium. distribution within Europe Southern Europe, east of the Adriatic Sea. pupa see Patočka. synonyms see also Nola infantula. references Lepiforum (2021), Stojanović (2002a).

Meganola kolbi parasite

Meganola kolbi (Daniel, 1935) on Quercus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves, perhaps primarily feeding on lichens. host plants Fagaceae, monophagous Quercus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). pupa see Patočka. references Patočka (1996b).

Meganola strigula parasite

Meganola strigula (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) small black arches on Quercus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. However, probably they feed entirely or primarily on lichens. host plants Fagaceae, monophagous Quercus coccifera, ithaburensis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Patočka. synonyms Nola strigula. references Ebert (ed., 1994a), Heuser & Jöst (1948a), […]

Colocasia coryli parasite

Colocasia coryli (Linnaeus, 1758) nut-tree rusock on roadleaved trees parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Acer campestre, pseudoplatanus; Alnus incana; Betula; Carpinus betulus; Castanea sativa; Corylus avellana; Crataegus; Fagus sylvatica; Malus domestica; Populus tremula; Prunus padus, serotina; Quercus petraea; Salix caprea; Sambucus nigra; Sorbus aucuparia; Tilia cordata. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). […]

Colocasia parasite

Trichosea ludifica parasite

Trichosea ludifica (Linnaeus, 1758) on broadleaved trees parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Crataegus; Malus domestica; Prunus padus, serotina, spinosa; Pyrus communis; Quercus; Salix caprea; Sorbus aucuparia. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 2003a), Lepiforum (2021).

Trichosea parasite

Panthea coenobita parasite

Panthea coenobita (Esper, 1785) pine arches on Pinus, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the needles. host plants Pinaceae, oligophagous ? Abies alba; Picea abies; Pinus sylvestris. Occasionally xSequoiadendron giganteum/em> (Cupressaceae). distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 1997a), Lepiforum (2021).

Panthea parasite

Pantheinae parasite

Nycteola degenerana parasite

Nycteola degenerana (Hübner, 1799) sallow nycteoline on Salix parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Salicaceae, monophagous Salix appendiculata, aurita, caprea, cinerea, eleagnos, myrsinifolia, viminalis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 2003a), Lepiforum (2021), Wagner (2003a).

Euclidia glyphica parasite

Euclidia glyphica (Linnaeus, 1758) burnet companion on Trifolium, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Hippocrepis comosa; Lathyrus pratensis, sylvestris; Lotus corniculatus; Medicago falcata, sativa; Trifolium hybridum, medium, pratense, repens; Vicia sepium. References to Viola are unlikely. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Dolinskaya, Lepiforum. references Dapporto (1998a), […]

Nycteola asiatica parasite

Nycteola asiatica (Krulikovsky, 1904) eastern nycteoline on Populus, Salix parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Salicaceae, oligophagous Populus nigra; Salix. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Corley, Rosete, Marabuto, ao (2014a), Embacher (1995a), Koren, Vukotić & Črne (2015a), Kravchenko, Witt, Speidel, ao (2009a), Lepiforum (2021), Stojanović, Ćurčić, Orlović […]

Nycteola columbana parasite

Nycteola columbana (Turner, 1925) on Quercus, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fagaceae, oligophagous Fagus sylvatica; Quercus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Dapporto (1998a), Kravchenko, Witt, Speidel, ao (2009a).

Earias chlorophyllana parasite

Earias chlorophyllana Staudinger, 1892 on Alcea parasite Larvae bore in the fruits. host plants Malvaceae, monophagous Alcea rosea. distribution within Europe Turkey. references Kravchenko, Witt, Speidel, ao (2009a).

Earias roseifera parasite

Earias roseifera Butler, 1881 azalea rough bollworm on Rhododendron parasite Larvae larvae bore of the leaf buds and flower buds. host plants Ericaceae, monophagous Rhododendron (“azalea”). distribution within Europe First European observations in northern Italy. egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Lepiforum (2021), Taddei, Tantardini & Eda (2019a).

Polytela cliens parasite

Polytela cliens (Felder & Rogenhofer, 1874) onDipcadi, Pancratium parasite Larvae freely at the inflorescence. host plants narrowly polyphagous Dipcadi serotinum; Pancratium maritimum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Kravchenko, Fibiger, Mooser, ao (2007a), Lepiforum (2021), Milbradt (2017a).

Polytela parasite

Euclidia mi parasite

Euclidia mi (Clerck, 1759) mother Shipton on Trifolium, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, oligophagous Genista sagittalis, tinctoria; Medicago falcata; Melilotus officinalis; Trifolium pratense, repens; Vicia. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Callistege mi. references Dapporto (1998a), Ebert (ed., 1997a), Lepiforum (2021).

Euclidia parasite

Tyta luctuosa parasite

Tyta luctuosa (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) four-spotted on Convolvulus, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Convolvulaceae, oligophagous Calystegia; Convolvulus arvensis. ? Occasionally, ? in captivity Linum; Malva; Plantago. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Dolinskaya, Lepiforum. references Andújar Tomás, Gómez Ladrón de Guevara & Ruano Marco (1985a), Dapporto (1998a), […]

Tyta parasite

Aedia funesta parasite

Aedia funesta (Esper, 1786) druid on Calystegia, Convolvulus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Convolvulaceae, oligophagous Calystegia sepium; Convolvulus arvensis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 2003a), Friebe (2016a), Kravchenko, Müller, Orlova & Seplyarskaya (2004a), Lepiforum (2021), Tóth, Tóthová & Cagáň (2004a).

Aedia parasite

Aediini parasite

Acontiinae parasite

Lygephila craccae parasite

Lygephila craccae (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) scarce blackneck on Vicia, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, oligophagous Astragalus; Coronilla; Hippocrepis emerus; Lathyrus; Vicia. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dapporto (1998a), Ebert (ed., 2003a), Kravchenko, Müller, Orlova & Seplyarskaya (2004a), Lepiforum (2021), Płóciennik, Pawlikiewicz & Pabis […]

Catocala eutychea parasite

Catocala eutychea Treitschke, 1835 on Quercus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fagaceae, Quercus distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Kravchenko, Müller, Orlova & Seplyarskaya (2004a).

Catocala hymenaea parasite

Catocala hymenaea (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) on Prunus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Rosaceae, monophagous Prunus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Kravchenko, Müller, Orlova & Seplyarskaya (2004a), Lepiforum (2021).

Catocala lesbia parasite

Catocala lesbia Christoph, 1887 on Populus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Salicaceae, monophagous Populus euphratica. distribution within Europe SE Turkey. references Kravchenko, Müller, Orlova & Seplyarskaya (2004a).

Catocala separata parasite

Catocala separata Freyer, 1848 on Quercus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fagaceae, monophagous Quercus coccifera. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Katbeh-Bader (2017a), Kravchenko, Müller, Orlova & Seplyarskaya (2004a).

Actias isabelae parasite

Actias isabelae (Graells, 1849) spanish moon on Pinus parasite Larvae freely on the neeldes. host plants Pinaceae, monophagous Pinus nigra, sylvestris. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Graellsia isabelae, isabellae. references Blázquez-Caselles (2014a), Lepiforum (2021), Sarto i Monteys & Masó (2000a), Nässig (1991a).

Catocala coniuncta parasite

Catocala coniuncta (Esper, 1787) on Quercus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fagaceae, monophagous Quercus coccifera, ilex, robur, suber. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Catocala conjuncta. references Agenjo (1959a), Andújar Tomás, Gómez Ladrón de Guevara & Ruano Marco (1985a), Dapporto (1998a), Dobado (2019a), Katbeh-Bader (2017a), Kravchenko, Müller, […]

Catocala lupina parasite

Catocala lupina Herrich-Schäffer, 1851 on Populus, Salix parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Salicaceae, oligophagous Populus; Salix. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dapporto (1998a), Lepiforum (2021).

Catocala mariana parasite

Catocala mariana Rambur, 1858 on Quercus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fagaceae, monophagous Quercus coccifera, ilex. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). synonyms Catocala eutychea mariana. references Agenjo (1959a), Yela (1988a).

Catocala diversa parasite

Catocala diversa (Geyer, 1828) on Quercus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fagaceae, monophagous Quercus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Agenjo (1959a), Katbeh-Bader (2017a), Kravchenko, Müller, Orlova & Seplyarskaya (2004a), Yela (1988a).

Catocala conversa parasite

Catocala conversa (Esper, 1783) on Quercus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fagaceae, monophagous Quercus coccifera, ilex, petraea. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Agenjo (1959a), Andújar Tomás, Gómez Ladrón de Guevara & Ruano Marco (1985a), Kraus (2000a), Kravchenko, Müller, Orlova & Seplyarskaya (2004a), Lepiforum (2021), Yela (1988a).

Catocala optata parasite

Catocala optata (Godart, 1824) on Salix parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Salicaceae, monophagous Salix caprea, cinerea. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Agenjo (1959a), Andújar Tomás, Gómez Ladrón de Guevara & Ruano Marco (1985a), Lepiforum (2021), Yela (1998a).

Catocala dilecta parasite

Catocala dilecta (Hübner, 1808) on Quercus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fagaceae, monophagous Quercus coccifera, ilex, lusitanica, pyrenaixa. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Agenjo (1959a), Andújar Tomás, Gómez Ladrón de Guevara & Ruano Marco (1985a), Dapporto (1998a), Lepiforum (2021), Yela (1988a).

Catocala puerpera parasite

Catocala puerpera (Giorna, 1791) on Populus, Salix parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Salicaceae, monophagous Populus euphratica; Salix viminalis. Occasionally Ulmus distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Catocala purpurea. references Agenjo (1959a), Dapporto (1998a), Eis & Mitterer (2019a), Kravchenko, Müller, Orlova & Seplyarskaya (2004a), Lepiforum (2021), Yela (1988a).

Catocala nymphaea parasite

Catocala nymphaea (Esper, 1787) on Quercus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fagaceae, monophagous Quercus coccifera, ilex, robur, suber. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Agenjo (1959a), Andújar Tomás, Gómez Ladrón de Guevara & Ruano Marco (1985a), Ebert (ed., 2003a), Kravchenko, Müller, Orlova & Seplyarskaya (2004a), Lepiforum (2021), […]

Ocnogyna baetica parasite

Ocnogyna baetica (Rambur, 1836) on herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Asphodelus ramosus; Calendula; Chrysanthemum; Diplotaxis; Drimia maritima; Ecballium; Galactites tomentosus; Leontodon; Malva sylvestris; Medicago sativa; Onopordum; Plantago; Rosmarinus; Senecio vulgaris; Silybum; Vitis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Ocnogyna baeticum. references Dobado (2019a), Lepiforum (2021), […]

Ocnogyna parasite

Earias insulana parasite

Earias insulana (Boisduval, 1833) egyptian, spiny, bollworm on Abelmoschus.etc. parasite Larvae freely in the inflorescence. host plants Malvaceae, oligophagous Abelmoschus esculentus; Gossypium herbaceum; Hibiscus; Malva nicaeensis, punctata; Malvella sherardiana. But also mentioned from Oryza; Zea mays distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dobado (2019a), Huertas Dionisio (2007a), Huertas Dionísio & […]

Thaumetopoea herculeana parasite

Thaumetopoea herculeana (Rambur, 1840) on herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Cistaceae, Geraniaceae; restricted polyphagous Cistus salviifolius; Erodium botrys, ? malacoide, moschatum; Helianthemum canariense, croceum, nummularium subsp. obscurum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Basso (2016a), Dobado (2019a), Lepiforum (2021).

Catocala promissa parasite

Catocala promissa (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) light crimson underwing on Castanea, Quercus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fagaceae, oligophagous Castanea sativa; Quercus faginea, petraea, robur. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Wegner. references Agenjo (1959a), Andújar Tomás, Gómez Ladrón de Guevara & Ruano Marco (1985a), Corley, Marabuto, Maravalhas, […]

Catocala elocata parasite

Catocala elocata (Esper, 1787) french red underwing on Populus, Salix parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Salicaceae, oligophagous Populus nigra, tremula; Salix. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Dolinskaya, Lepiforum. references Agenjo (1959a), Andújar Tomás, Gómez Ladrón de Guevara & Ruano Marco (1985a), Dapporto (1998a), Dolinskaya (2014a). Ebert (ed., 2003a), […]

Catocala nupta parasite

Catocala nupta (Linnaeus, 1767) red underwing on Populus, Salix parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Salicaceae, oligophagous Populus x canadensis, carolinensis, nigra; Salix alba, babylonica, x fragilis, purpurea. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Dolinskaya, Eitschberger, Lepiforum. references Agenjo (1959a), Dapporto (1998a), Dolinskaya (2014a), Ebert (ed., 2003a), Eitschberger (2008c), Lepiforum […]

Catocala fraxini parasite

Catocala fraxini (Linnaeus, 1758) clifden nonpareil, blue underwing on Populus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Salicaceae, monophagous Populus balsamifera, nigra, tremula. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Agenjo (1959a), Dapporto (1998a), Ebert (ed., 2003a), Lepiforum (2021).

Epichlorops puncticollis parasite

Epichlorops puncticollis (Zetterstedt, 1848) on Eleocharis, etc. parasite Larvae in the roots. host plants Cyperaceae, oligophagous Carex; Eleocharis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Nartshuk, Khruleva & Barkalov (2014a), Nartshuk, Polevoi & Przhiboro (2020a).

Epichlorops parasite

Chlorops planifrons parasite

Chlorops planifrons (Loew, 1866) on Carex parasite Larvae bore in the culm, descending from just below the inflorescence. host plants Cyperaceae, monophagous Carex rostrata. phenology Larvae of the first instar hibernate in shoots of host plant and continue feeding in the next spring. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Brunberg Nielsen (2015a), Ismay (0000a), Nartshuk […]

Chlorops hypostigma parasite

Chlorops hypostigma Meigen, 1830 on Dactylis host plants Poaceae, monophagous Dactylis glomerata. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Ismay (0000a), Nartshuk & Pakalniškis (2004a).