Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Polyommatus albicans parasite

Polyommatus albicans (Gerhard, 1851) spanish chalkhill blue on Astragalus, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, oligophagous Astragalus; Hippocrepis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Lysandra albicans. references Lepiforum (2021).

Sophora flavescens parasite

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite

Eupithecia unedonata parasite

Eupithecia unedonata Mabille, 1868 on Arbutus, etc. parasite Larvae in the inflorescence. host plants polyphagous Arbutus unedo; Searsia tripartita; Thymelaea hirsuta. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Bacallado Aránega & Mironov (2004a), Lepiforum (2021), Sammut, Seguna & Catania (2008a).

Eupithecia ultimaria parasite

Eupithecia ultimaria Boisduval, 1840 channel islands pug on Tamarix parasite Larvae in the inflorescence. host plants Tamaricaceae, monophagous Tamarix gallica. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Bacallado Aránega & Mironov (2004a) , Lepiforum (2021), Sammut, Seguna & Catania (2008a).

Eupithecia gomerensis parasite

Eupithecia gomerensis (Rebel, 1917) on Sideritis host plants Lamiaceae, monophagous Sideritis candicans, gomeraea distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Bacallado Aránega & Mironov (2004a).

Eupithecia boryata parasite

Eupithecia boryata (Rebel, 1906) on Sideritis host plants Lamiaceae, monophagous Sideritis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Bacallado Aránega & Mironov (2004a).

Hyponephele lycaon parasite

Hyponephele lycaon (Rottemburg, 1775) dusky meadow brown on grasses parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, ? oligophagous Festuca ovina. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021).

Hyponephele lupina parasite

Hyponephele lupina (Costa,1836) oriental meadow brown on Stipa parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, monophagous Stipa offneri. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021).

Hyponephele parasite

Pyronia cecilia parasite

Pyronia cecilia (Vallantin, 1894) southern gatekeeper on Brachypodium parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, monophagous Brachypodium phoenicoides, retusum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021), Vegliante & Zilli (2007a).

Pyronia bathseba parasite

Pyronia bathseba (Fabricius, 1793) spanish gatekeeper on Brachypodium parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, monophagous Brachypodium phoenicoides, retusum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a).

Eupithecia rosai parasite

Eupithecia rosai Pinker, 1962 on Sideritis parasite Larvae in the flower buds. host plants Lamiaceae, monophagous Sideritis candicans. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Bacallado Aránega & Mironov (2004a).

Eupithecia tenerifensis parasite

Eupithecia tenerifensis Rebel, 1906 on Rumex host plants Polygonaceae, monophagous Rumex lunaria. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Bacallado Aránega & Mironov (2004a).

Eupithecia orana parasite

Eupithecia orana Dietze, 1910 on Launaea host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Launaea arborescens. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Bacallado Aránega & Mironov (2004a).

Eupithecia phoeniceata parasite

Eupithecia phoeniceata (Rambur, 1834) cypress pug on Cupressus, Juniperus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Cupressaceae, oligophagous Cupressus; Juniperus phoenicea. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Bacallado Aránega & Mironov (2004a), Lepiforum (2021).

Eupithecia pusillata parasite

Eupithecia pusillata (Denis & Schiffermller, 1775) juniper pug on Juniperus parasite Larvae bore in the conesm feeding on the seeds. host plants Cupressaceae, monophagous Juniperus communis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Bacallado Aránega & Mironov (2004a), Lepiforum (2021).

Eupithecia schuetzeata parasite

Eupithecia schuetzeata Pinker, 1961 on Sonchus host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Sonchus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Bacallado Aránega & Mironov (2004a).

Eupithecia stertzi parasite

Eupithecia stertzi Rebel, 1911 on Sonchus host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Sonchus leptocephalus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Bacallado Aránega & Mironov (2004a).

Gymnoscelis insulariata parasite

Gymnoscelis insulariata (Stainton, 1859) on herbs parasite Larvae at the fruits. host plants Clethraceae, monophagous Clethra arborea. According to Fischer & Ivinskis polyphagous! distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Bacallado Aránega & Mironov (2004a), Fischer & Ivinskis (2007a).

Eupithecia insigniata parasite

Eupithecia insigniata (Hübner, 1790) pinion-spotted pug on Malus, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Rosaceae, oligophagous Amelanchier ovalis; Malus domestica, sylvestris; Prunus avium, domestica, padus, spinosa; Pyrus communis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Lepiforum (2021), Weigt (1988a).

Eupithecia exiguata parasite

Eupithecia exiguata (Hübner, 1813) mottled pug on broadleaved trees parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Alnus glutinosa; Amelanchier lamarckii; Berberis vulgaris; Crataegus monogyna, rhipidophylla; Frangula alnus; Fraxinus excelsior; Hippophae rhamnoides; Lonicera periclymenum, xylosteum; Malus sylvestris; Prunus spinosa; Ribes uva-crispa; Rosa canina; Salix x fragilis; Sorbus aucuparia; Viburnum opulus. distribution within Europe PESI […]

Eupithecia irriguata parasite

Eupithecia irriguata (Hübner, 1813) marbled pug on Quercus parasite Larvae freely on the youngest leaves. host plants Fagaceae, monophagous Quercus ilex, petraea, robur. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Lepiforum (2021), Weigt (1988a).

Eupithecia extremata parasite

Eupithecia extremata (Fabricius, 1787) on Anthemis, Cota parasite Larvae freely on the flowers. host plants Asteraceae, narrowly oligophagous Anthemis ruthenica; Cota tinctoria. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Weigt (1988a).

Eupithecia pulchellata parasite

Eupithecia pulchellata (Stephens, 1831) foxglove pug on Digitalis parasite Larvae in the flower buds. host plants Plantaginaceae, monophagous Digitalis purpurea. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Lepiforum (2021), Van Opstaele (1994a), Weigt (1988a).

Eupithecia pyreneata parasite

Eupithecia pyreneata Mabille, 1871 on Digitalis parasite Larvae bore in the flower bud. host plants Plantaginaceae, monophagous Digitalis grandiflora, lutea. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Lepiforum (2021), Weigt (1988a).

Eupithecia linariata parasite

Eupithecia linariata (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) toadflax pug on Linaria parasite Larvae bore in the flower buds. host plants Plantaginaceae, monophagous Linaria purpurea, vulgaris. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Lepiforum (2021), Szőcs (1977a), Tomasi (2014a), Weigt (1988a).

Eupithecia laquaearia parasite

Eupithecia laquaearia Herrich-Schäffer, 1848 on Euphrasia, etc. parasite Larvae bore in the flower buds. host plants Orobanchaceae, monophagous oligophagous polyphagous Euphrasia; Melampyrum sylvaticum; Odontites luteus, vulgaris; Pedicularis palustris; Rhinanthus minor. Possibly not all relations apply to field observations; this certainly applies to the ornamentals Erinus alpinus; Mimulus guttatus (Plantaginaceae, Phrymaceae). distribution within Europe PESI (2021). […]

Eupithecia analoga parasite

Eupithecia analoga Djakonov, 1926 palped pug on Picea parasite The larve are inquilines in the galls of Sachiphantes abietis and viridis. host plants Pinaceae, monophagous Picea abies. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Weigt (1988a).

Eupithecia plumbeolata parasite

Eupithecia plumbeolata (Haworth, 1809) lead-coloured pug on Melampyrum, etc. parasite Larvae bore in the flower buds. host plants Orobanchaceae, oligophagous Melampyrum nemorosum, pratense, sylvaticum; Rhinanthus alectorolophus, minor. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Lepiforum (2021), Weigt (1988a).

Eupithecia immundata parasite

Eupithecia immundata (Lienig, 1846) on Actaea parasite Larvae bore in the berries. host plants Ranunculaceae, monophagous Actaea spicata. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Lepiforum (2021), Weigt (1988a).

Eupithecia haworthiata parasite

Eupithecia haworthiata Doubleday, 1856 Haworth’s pug on Clematis parasite Larvae bore in the flower buds. host plants Ranunculaceae, monophagous Clematis vitalba. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Lepiforum (2021), Vegliante & Zilli (2007a), Weigt (1988a), Wirooks & Theissen (1999a).

Eupithecia tenuiata parasite

Eupithecia tenuiata Hübner, 1813 slender pug on Salix parasite Larvae freely on the male catkins. host plants Salicaceae, monophagous Salix aurita, caprea. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Lepiforum (2021), Weigt (1988a).

Melanargia russiae parasite

Melanargia russiae (Esper, 1793) Esper’s marbled white on Stipa parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, monophagous Stipa pennata. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a).

Coenonympha arcania parasite

Coenonympha arcania (Linnaeus, 1761) pearly heath on “grassen” parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants narrowly polyphagous Agrostis vinealis; Brachypodium pinnatum; Bromus; Carex pilulifera; Cynosurus cristatus; Danthonia decumbens; Festuca ovina, rubra; Holcus lanatus; Melica; Poa. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Baquero, Moraza, Ariño & Jordana (2011a), Dupont, Luquet, […]

Coenonympha hero parasite

Coenonympha hero (Linnaeus, 1761) scarce heath on “grassen” parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants narrowly polyphagous Carex brizoides, remota; Deschampsia cespitosa; Hordelymus europaeus; Molinia caerulea. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021), Wieners (2007a).

Coenonympha corinna parasite

Coenonympha corinna (Hübner, 1804) corsican heath on Festuca parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, monophagous Festuca morisiana. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Wieners (2007a).

Pasiphila debiliata parasite

Pasiphila debiliata (Hübner, 1817) bilberry pug on Vaccinium parasite Larvae in a spun inflorescence. host plants Ericaceae, monophagous Vaccinium myrtillus, uliginosum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Calliclystis debiliata. references Lepiforum (2021), Weigt (1988a).

Pasiphila rectangulata parasite

Pasiphila rectangulata (Linnaeus, 1758) green pug on Malus, etc. parasite Larvae bore in the flowers buds, if necessary also in leaf buds. host plants Rosaceae, oligophagous Amelanchier ovalis; Malus domestica, sylvestris; Prunus padus, spinosa; Pyrus communis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Calliclystis rectangulata. references Lepiforum (2021), Weigt (1988a).

Chloroclystis v-ata parasite

Chloroclystis v-ata (Haworth, 1809) v-pug on dicotyledons parasite Larvae freely on the flowers and fruits. host plants polyphagous Achillea millefolium; Angelica sylvestris; Artemisia vulgaris; Clematis vitalba; Eupatorium cannabinum; Heracleum sphondylium; Hypericum; Lysimachia; Lythrum salicaria; Mentha aquatica; Origanum vulgare; Quercus robur; Sambucus ebulus, nigra, racemosa; Senecio; Solidago virgaurea; Valeriana officinalis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, […]

Chloroclystis parasite

Gymnoscelis rufifasciata parasite

Gymnoscelis rufifasciata (Haworth, 1809) double-striped pug on (mainly) dicotyledons parasite Larvae at the flowers and seeds. host plants polyphagous Achillea millefolium; Angelica sylvestris; Berberis vulgaris; Calluna vulgaris; Clematis vitalba; Crataegus rhipidophylla; Cytisus scoparius; Digitalis grandiflora, purpurea; Drimia maritima; Erica tetralix; Eupatorium cannabinum; Euphrasia; Genista; Linaria vulgaris; Lythrum salicaria; Odontites vulgaris; Origanum vulgare; Sorbus aucuparia; Tamarix; […]

Gymnoscelis parasite

Lamprotes c-aureum parasite

Lamprotes c-aureum (Knoch, 1781) on Thalictrum parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Ranunculaceae, monophagous Thalictrum aquilegiifoliumm flavum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Lepiforum (2021), de Vos, Zwier & Groenendijk (2007a).

Lamprotes parasite

Euchalciina parasite

Plusiini parasite

Plusiinae parasite

Pasiphila chloerata parasite

Pasiphila chloerata (Mabille, 1870) sloe pug on Prunus parasite Larvae in the inflorescence, bore in the buds. host plants Rosaceae, monophagous Prunus spinosa. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Chloroclystis chloerata. references Lepiforum (2021), Van Opstaele (1994a), de Vos, Zwier & Groenendijk (2007a), Weigt (1988a).

Pasiphila parasite

Eupithecia inturbata parasite

Eupithecia inturbata (Hübner, 1817) maple pug on Acer parasite Larvae in the inflorescence. host plants Sapindaceae, narrowly monophagous Acer campestre. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Lepiforum (2021), de Vos, Zwier & Groenendijk (2007a), Weigt (1988a).

Eupithecia abietaria parasite

Eupithecia abietaria (Goeze, 1781) cloaked pug on Picea, etc. parasite Larvae feed in the seeds inb young, green cones. host plants Pinaceae, monophagous Abies alba, procera; Picea abies, sitchensis; Pinus sylvestris. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references De Prins & Garrevoet (1998a), de Vos, Zwier & Groenendijk (2007a), Weigt (1988a).

Gagitodes sagittata parasite

Gagitodes sagittata (Fabricius, 1787) marsh carpet on Thalictrum parasite Larvae freely on the inflorescence. host plants Ranunculaceae, monophagous Thalictrum aquilegiifolium, flavum. phenology distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Lepiforum (2021), de Vos, Zwier & Groenendijk (2007a).

Gagitodes parasite

Triphosa dubitata parasite

Triphosa dubitata (Linnaeus, 1758) tissue on Rhamnus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Rhamnaceae, narrowly oligophagous Frangula alnus; Rhamnus alaternus, cathartica. phenology Hivernation as imago. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Lepiforum (2021), de Vos, Zwier & Groenendijk (2007a).

Triphosa parasite

Rheumapterini parasite

Horisme vitalbata parasite

Horisme vitalbata (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) small waved umber on Clematis parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Ranunculaceae, monophagous Clematis vitalba. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Lepiforum (2021). de Vos, Zwier & Groenendijk (2007a).

Horisme parasite

Melanthiini parasite

Costaconvexa polygrammata parasite

Costaconvexa polygrammata (Borkhausen, 1794) many-lined on Galium parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Rubiaceae, monophagous Galium apaprine, mollugo, palustre, verum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 2001a), Lepiforum (2021), Vegliante & Zilli (2007a), Wirooks & Theissen (2001a).

Epirrhoe galiata parasite

Epirrhoe galiata (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) galium carpet on Galium parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Rubiaceae, monophagous Galium mollugo. phenology Bivoltine; hibernation as pupa. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Adolph, Kortstock, Niehoff & Schweitzer (2019a), Ebert (ed., 2001a), Lepiforum (2021), Vegliante & Zilli (2007a) .

Epirrhoe molluginata parasite

Epirrhoe molluginata (Hübner, 1813) on Galium parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Rubiaceae, monophagous Galium mollugo, saxatile, sylvaticum. verum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 2001a), Lepiforum (2021).

Epirrhoe rivata parasite

Epirrhoe rivata (Hübner, 1813) wood carpet on Galium parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Rubiaceae, monophagous Galium ? verum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 2001a), Lepiforum (2021).

Epirrhoe alternata parasite

Epirrhoe alternata (Müller, 1764) common carpet on Galium parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Rubiaceae, monophagous Galium album, aparine, mollugo, sylvaticum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 2001a), Lepiforum (2021), Vegliante & Zilli (2007a).

Epirrhoe tristata parasite

Epirrhoe tristata (Linnaeus, 1758) small argent & sabe on Galium parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Rubiaceae, monophagous Galium mollugo. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 2001a), Lepiforum (2021).

Epirrhoe pupillata parasite

Epirrhoe pupillata (Thunberg, 1788) on ? Galium, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Rubiaceae, oligophagous Cruciata ? laevipes; Galium ? mollugo, ? verum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 2001a, Lepiforum (2021).

Epirrhoe hastulata parasite

Epirrhoe hastulata (Hübner, 1790) on Galium parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Rubiaceae, monophagous Galium ? album, sylvaticum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 2001a), Lepiforum (2021).

Epirrhoe parasite

Coenonympha glycerion parasite

Coenonympha glycerion (Borknausen, 1788) chestnut heath on grasses parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Agrostis canina. stolonifera; Brachypodium pinnatum; Briza; Bromopsis erecta; Cynosurus cristatus; Festuca ovina, rubra; Melica; Molinia caerulea; Ochlopoa annua; Phleum pratense. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Baquero, Moraza, Ariño & Jordana (2011a), […]

Coenonympha tullia parasite

(Müller, 1764) large heath on “grasses” parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Agrostis; Carex lasiocarpa, panicea; Eriophorum angustifolium, vaginatum; Festuca rubra; Juncus articulatus; Molinia caerulea; Poa; Rhynchospora alba; Spartina alterniflora versicolor. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ćelik (2012a), Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021), […]

Coenonympha pamphilus parasite

Coenonympha pamphilus (Linnaeus, 1758) small heath on grasses parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Agrostis; Anthoxanthum; Brachypodium; Corynephorus canescens; Cynosurus cistatus; Dactylis; Danthonia; Deschampsia; Elymus caninus; Festuca ovina; Lolium perenne; Nardus; Ochlopoa annua; Poa pratensis; Setaria italica; Stipa. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Baquero, Moraza, […]

Coenonympha dorus parasite

Coenonympha dorus (Esper, 1782) dusky heath on grasses parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Agrostis stolonifera; Brachypodium pinnatum, rupestre; Festuca ovina. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Wieners (2007a).

Coenonympha oedippus parasite

Coenonympha oedippus (Fabricius, 1787) false ringlet on “grasses” parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants narrowly polyphagous Carex davalliana, distans, flava, hostiana, panicea; Deschampsia cespitosa; Eriophorum angustifolium; Molinia caerulea; Pseudoarrhenatherum longifolium. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Čelik & Verovnik (2010a), Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021), […]

Coenonympha parasite

Coenonymphini parasite

Catarhoe cuculata parasite

Catarhoe cuculata (Hufnagel, 1767) royal mantle on Galium parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Rubiaceae, monophagous Galium album, mollugo, sylvaticum, verum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 2001a), Lepiforum (2021).

Catarhoe rubidata parasite

Catarhoe rubidata (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) ruddy carpet on Galium parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Rubiaceae, monophagous Galium sylvaticum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 2001a), Lepiforum (2021).

Catarhoe parasite

Xanthorhoe incursata parasite

Xanthorhoe incursata (Hübner, 1813) tweed carpet on Vaccinium parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Ericaceae, monophagous Vaccinium myrtillus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 2001a), Lepiforum (2021).

Xanthorhoe fluctuata parasite

Xanthorhoe fluctuata (Linnaeus, 1758) garden carpet on Alliaria, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Brassicaceae, oligophagous Alliaria petiolata; Iberis sempervirens; Lobularia maritima. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 2001a), Lepiforum (2021).

Xanthorhoe montanata parasite

Xanthorhoe montanata (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) silver-ground carpet on herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Geranium sylvaticum; Primula elatior; Rubus fruticosus; Rumex obtusifolius. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 2001a), Lepiforum (2021).

Xanthorhoe quadrifasiata parasite

Xanthorhoe quadrifasiata (Clerck, 1759) large twin-spot carpet on herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Galium aparine; Lamium album; Rumex acetosa; Urtica dioica. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 2001a), Lepiforum (2021).

Xanthorhoe ferrugata parasite

Xanthorhoe ferrugata (Clerck, 1759) dark-barrred twin-spot carpet on Galium, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants ? polyphagous Galium album. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 2001a), Lepiforum (2021).

Xanthorhoe spadicearia parasite

Xanthorhoe spadicearia (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) red twin-spot carpet on Galium, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Alnus; Daucus carota; Galium mollugo, odoratum, verum; Glechoma hederacea; Plantago; Polygonum aviculare; Senecio vulgaris; Stellaria media. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 2001a), Lepiforum (2021).

Xanthorhoe designata parasite

Xanthorhoe designata (Hufnagel, 1767) flame carpet on Alliaria, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Brassicaceae, oligophagous Alliaria petiolata; Brassica oleracea; Raphanus raphanistrum; Sinapis arvensis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 2001a), Lepiforum (2021).

Xanthorhoe biriviata parasite

Xanthorhoe biriviata (Borkhausen, 1794) balsam carpet on Impatiens parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Balsaminaceae, monophagous Impatiens glandulifera, noli-tangere, parviflora. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 2001a), Lepiforum (2021), Schmitz (2007a).

Xanthorhoe parasite

Orthonama vittata parasite

Orthonama vittata (Borkhausen, 1794) oblique carpet on Galium, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Chamerion angustifolium; Epilobium cf. tetragonum; Galium mollugo, palustre, saxatile, verum. There also exists a reference to Menyanthes trifoliata. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 2001a), Lepiforum (2021), Šumpich (2011b), Wirooks […]

Orthonama parasite

Scotopteryx luridata parasite

Scotopteryx luridata (Hufnagel, 1767) july belle on Cytisus, Genista parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, oligophagous Cytisus scoparius; Genista sagittalis, tictoria. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 2001a), Huemer & Hausmann (1998a), Lepiforum (2021), De Prins (1985a).

Scotopteryx mucronata parasite

Scotopteryx mucronata (Scopoli, 1763) lead belle on Cytisus, Genista parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, oligophagous Cytisus ruthenicus, scoparius; Genista sagittalis, tictoria. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 2001a), Huemer & Hausmann (1998a), Lepiforum (2021), De Prins (1985a).

Lasiommata petropolitana parasite

Lasiommata petropolitana (Fabricius, 1787) northern wall brown on grasses parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Dactylis; Festuca; Poa. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021), Mihoci & Šašić (2009a).

Lasiommata maera parasite

Lasiommata maera (Linnaeus, 1758) large wall on grasses parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Ochlopoa annua. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021), Vegliante & Zilli (2007a.

Lasiommata megera parasite

Lasiommata megera (Linnaeus, 1767) wall on grasses parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Agrostis; Brachypodium; Bromus; Dactylis; Deschampsia; Festuca ovina; Hordeum; Lolium perenne; Ochlopoa annua. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Baquero, Moraza, Ariño & Jordana (2011a), Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021), Vegliante […]

Lasiommata parasite

Lopinga achine parasite

Lopinga achine (Scopoli, 1763) woodland brown on Carex parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Cyperaceae, monophagous Carex alba, fritschii, michelii, montana. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Konvicka, Novak, Benes, ao (2008b), Lepiforum (2021), Šašić & Mihoci (2007a).

Lopinga parasite

Eupithecia latipennata parasite

Eupithecia latipennata Prout, 1914 on Rumex parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Polygonaceae, monophagous Rumex. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Fischer & Ivinskis (2007a).

Eupithecia massiliata parasite

Eupithecia massiliata Milliere, 1865 epping pug, scrub pug on Quercus parasite Larvae freely on the young leaves. host plants Fagaceae, monophagous Quercus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Fischer & Ivinskis (2007a).

Eupithecia parasite

Eupitheciini parasite

Costaconvexa centrostrigaria parasite

Costaconvexa centrostrigaria (Wollaston, 1858) traveller, bent-line carpet on Galium parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Rubiaceae, monophagous Galium aparine. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Fischer & Ivinskis (2007a), Lepiforum (2021).

Costaconvexa parasite

Xenochlorodes nubigena parasite

Xenochlorodes nubigena (Wollaston, 1858) on Erica parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Ericaceae, monophagous Erica arborea. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Fischer & Ivinskis (2007a).

Xenochlorodes parasite

Melitaea arduinna parasite

Melitaea arduinnav (Esper, 1783) Freyer’s fritillary on Centaurea parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Centaurea behen, graeca, nemecii, phrygia. phenology Hibernstion as larva. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Gascoigne-Pees, Verovnik, Wiskin, ao (2012a), Lepiforum (2021).

Cataclysme subtilisparsata parasite

Cataclysme subtilisparsata Wehrli, 1932 on Asperula parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Rubiaceae, monophagous Asperula. distribution within Europe Turkey. references Stadie, Hausmann & Rajaei Sh (2014a).

Paraboarmia viertlii parasite

Paraboarmia viertlii (Bohatsch, 1893) on Quercus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fagaceae, monophagous Quercus cerris, dalechampii, petraea, pubescens, robur. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Fazekas (2021b), Lepiforum (2021).

Paraboarmia parasite

Scotopteryx chenopodiata parasite

Scotopteryx chenopodiata (Linnaeus, 1758) shaded broad-bar on kruiden parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Centaurea; Vicia cracca. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 2001a), Lepiforum (2021).

Scotopteryx bipunctaria parasite

Scotopteryx bipunctaria (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) chalk carpet on Onobrychis parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Onobrychis viciifolia. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 2001a), Lepiforum (2021).

Scotopteryx moeniata parasite

Scotopteryx moeniata (Scopoli, 1763) fortified carpet on Genista parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Genista sagittalis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 2001a), Lepiforum (2021).

Scotopteryx parasite

Xanthorhoini parasite

Phibalapteryx virgata parasite

Phibalapteryx virgata (Hufnagel, 1767) oblique striped on Galium parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Rubiaceae, monophagous Galium boreale, verum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 2001a), Lepiforum (2021).

Phibalapteryx parasite

Cataclysme riguata parasite

Cataclysme riguata (Hübner, 1813) on Galium, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Rubiaceae, oligophagous Asperula cynanchica; Galium glaucum, mollugo, pumilum, verum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 2001a), Lepiforum (2021).

Cataclysme parasite

Cataclysmini parasite

Lythria purpuraria parasite

Lythria purpuraria (Linnaeus, 1758) purple-barred yellow on Polygonum parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Polygonaceae, monophagous Polygonum aviculare. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 2001a), Lepiforum (2021).

Melitaea phoebe parasite

Melitaea phoebe (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) knapweed fritillary on Centaurea, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Asteraceae, oligophagous Carduus defloratus; Centaurea scabiosa; Cirsium eriophorum, pannonicum, vulgare. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021).

Melitaea ornata parasite

Melitaea ornata Christoph, 1893 eastern knapweed fritillary on Centaurea parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Asteraceae, oligophagous Carduus collinus; Centaurea raphanina; Cirsium pannonicum; Jurinea ? mollis; Onopordum illyricum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021), Russell & Pateman (2019a), Russell, Pateman […]

Melitaea deione parasite

Melitaea deione (Geyer, 1832) provençal fritillary on Linaria, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Plantaginaceae, oligophagous Antirrhinum; Chaenorhinum; Digitalis; Linaria angustissima, repens. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021).

Melitaea athalia parasite

Melitaea athalia (Rottemburg, 1775) heath fritillary on herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants narrowly polyphagous Digitalis purpurea; Euphrasia; Linaria; Melampyrum nemorosum, pratense; Plantago lanceolata; Rhinanthus; Valeriana excelsa, officinalis; Veronica chamaedrys, spicata. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021), Reudler Talsma, […]

Melitaea aurelia parasite

Melitaea aurelia Nickerl, 1850 Nickerl’s fritillary on Plantago, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Plantago lanceolata, media; Rhinanthus alectorolophus; Veronica austriaca subsp. teucrium. Before the hibernation exclusively on Plantago. phenology Hibernation as larva. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Eichel […]

Melitaea parthenoides parasite

Melitaea parthenoides Keferstein, 1851 meadow fritillary on Plantago parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Plantaginaceae, monophagous Plantago lanceolata, media. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021).

Rhodostrophia vibicaria parasite

Rhodostrophia vibicaria auteur common pink-barred on Cytisus, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Cytisus ruthenicus, scoparius; Genista pilosa, tinctoria; Prunus spinosa; Sanguisorba minor. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 2001a), Lepiforum (2021), Vegliante & Zilli (2007a).

Rhodostrophia parasite

Rhodostrophiini parasite

Idaea contiguaria parasite

Idaea contiguaria (Hübner, 1799) weavers’ wave on herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Calluna vulgaris; Empetrum nigrum; Sedum album; Umbilicus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 2001a), King & Viejo Montesinos (2016a) , Lepiforum (2021).

Cyclophora maderensis parasite

Cyclophora maderensis (Bethune-Baker, 1891) on Erica parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Ericaceae, monophagous Erica arborea. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Bacallado, Hausmann, Moro & de Vera (2006a), Fischer & Ivinskis (2007a), Lepiforum (2021).

Scopula asellaria parasite

Scopula asellaria (Herrich-Schäffer, 1847) on Fagonia parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Zygophyllaceae, monophagous Fagonia cretica. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Glossotrophia asellaria. references Bacallado, Hausmann, Moro & de Vera (2006a), Lepiforum (2021).

Scopula guancharia parasite

Scopula guancharia (Alphéraky, 1889) on herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Pelargonium; Rubus ulmifolius; Rumex lunaria; Sonchus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Bacallado, Hausmann, Moro & de Vera (2006a),Lepiforum (2021).

Scopula minorata parasite

Scopula minorata (Boisduval, 1833) on dicotyledons parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Mentha; Rumex crispus; Tamarix canariensis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Bacallado, Hausmann, Moro & de Vera (2006a), King & Viejo Montesinos (2016a), Lepiforum (2021).

Idaea unicalcarata parasite

Idaea unicalcarata (Prout, 1922) on herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Polygonum; Taraxacum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Bacallado, Hausmann, Moro & de Vera (2006a), Lepiforum (2021).

Idaea charitata parasite

Idaea charitata (Rebel, 1914) on herbs parasite Larvae freely on the flowers and leaves. host plants polyphagous Achillea millefolium; Matricaria; Polygonum; Rosa; Taraxacum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Bacallado, Hausmann, Moro & de Vera (2006a), Hausmann, Miller, Leipnitz & Bläsius (2007a), Lepiforum (2021).

Idaea nigra parasite

Idaea nigra Hausmann & Bläsius, 2007 on herbs parasite Larvae freely on the flowers, less often on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Achillea millefolium; Bellis “communis”; Daucus carota; Rosa; Rubus idaeus. distribution within Europe Canary Islands. references Hausmann, Miller, Leipnitz & Bläsius (2007a).

Idaea completa parasite

Idaea completa (Staudinger, 1892) on Polygonum parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Polygonaceae, monophagous Polygonum aviculare. Aso feeding on dead plant material. phenology Bivo;tien distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Lepiforum (2021), Parenzan, Bella & Russo (1998a).

Idaea sylvestraria parasite

Idaea sylvestraria (Hübner, 1799) dotted border wave on Calluna, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Artemisia campestris; Calluna vulgaris; Chenopodium; Genista tinctoria; Thymus serpyllum; Vaccinium myrtillus, oxycoccos. Mainly on Calluna. phenology Bivoltine; hibernation as larva. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 2001a), Guerrero, Rubio, […]

Phengaris rebeli parasite

Phengaris rebeli (Hirschke, 1904) mountain alcon blue on Gentiana, Gentianella parasite Young larvae freely on the leaves; later they live as social parasites in an ants’ nest. host plants Gentianaceae, narrowly oligophagous Gentiana cruciata; Gentianella germanica. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Maculinea rebeli. references Battisti, Vodă, Gabaglio, ao (2019a), […]

Melitaea varia parasite

Melitaea varia Meyer-Dür, 1851 Grison’s fritillary on Plantago, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Achillea; Gentiana; Plantago alpina. Before the hibernation on Plantago. phenology Hibernation as larva. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021).

Melitaea diamina parasite

Melitaea diamina (Lang, 1789) false heath fritillary on Valeriana parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Caprifoliaceae, monophagous Valeriana dioica, excelsa subsp. sambucifolia, officinalis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021), Wahlberg (1997a).

Euphydryas desfontainii parasite

Euphydryas desfontainii (Godart, 1819) spanish fritillary on Cephalaria, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Caprifoliaceae, oligophagous Cephalaria leucantha; Dipsacus comosus; Knautia arvensis; Scabiosa. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Baquero, Moraza, Ariño & Jordana (2011a), Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021), Pennekamp, Monteiro & Schmitt […]

Euphydryas aurinia parasite

Euphydryas aurinia (Rottemburg, 1775) marsh fritillary on Gentiana, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Gentiana acaulis, asclepiadea, clusii, cruciata, lutea, punctata; Knautia arvensis; Lonicera implexa, periclymenum; Scabiosa columbaria; Sixalix atropurpurea; Succisa pratensis; Succisella inflexa; Vaccinium oxycoccos. Generally only after the hibernation on woody plants. phenology Hibernation as larva. distribution within Europe […]

Euphydryas intermedia parasite

Euphydryas intermedia (Ménétriès, 1859) asian fritillary on Lonicera parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Caprifoliaceae, monophagous Lonicera caerulea. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a, Lepiforum (2021).

Idaea rusticata parasite

Idaea rusticata (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) least carpet on dicotyledons parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Campanula rapunculus; Parthenocissus; Rubus idaeus. Mainly feeding on dead plant material distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Idaea vulpinaria (Herrich-Schäffer, 1851). references Ebert (ed., 2001a), Gelbrecht & Göritz (2007a), Lepiforum (2021), […]

Euphydryas italica parasite

Euphydryas italica Back, Hausmann, Salk & Weiss, 2015 on Fraxinus, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Fraxinus excelsior; Plantago major, tenuiflora; Veronica hederifolia. distribution within Europe NW Italy. ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Back, Hausmann, Salk & Weiss (2015a), Lepiforum (2021).

Euphydryas maturna parasite

Euphydryas maturna (Linnaeus, 1758) scarce fritillary on dicotyledons parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Fraxinus angustifolia & subsp. oxycarpa, excelsior, ornus; Ligustrum vulgare; Lonicera periclymenum;Melampyrum pratense, sylvaticum; Plantago lanceolata; Populus tremula; Salix; Vaccinium myrtillus; Veronica hederifolia, longifolia; Viburnum lantana, opulus; Viola. phenology Hibernation as larva. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, […]

Euphydryas cynthia parasite

Euphydryas cynthia (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) Cynthia’s fritillary on herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Globularia cordifolia; Plantago alpina; Trifolium alpinum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021).

Euphydryas parasite

Polygonia egea parasite

Polygonia egea (Cramer, 1775) soutern comma on Parietaria parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Urticaceae, monophagous Parietaria officinalis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a) , Lepiforum (2021), Vegliante & Zilli (2007a).

Aglais ichnusa parasite

Aglais ichnusa (Bonelli, 1826) sardinian, corsican, small tortoiseshell on Urtica parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Urticaceae, monophagous Urtica atrovirens, piululifera. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Aglais urticae ichnusa. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021), Schurian & Westenberger (2009a).

Pararge aegeria parasite

Pararge aegeria (Linnaeus, 1758) speckled wood on “grasses” parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants narrowly polyphagous Agrostis gigantea; Brachypodium sylvaticum; Carex sylvatica; Deschampsia cespitosa; Drymochloa donax; Elytrigia repens; Holcus lanatus; Melica; Ochlopoa annua; Poa trivialis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Bland & Lace (2020a), Dupont, Luquet, Demerges […]

Pyronia tithonus parasite

Pyronia tithonus (Linnaeus, 1767) gatekeeper on grasses parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Agrostis capillaris, gigantea; Arrhenatherum elatius; Calamagrostis canescens; Dactylis glomerata; Deschampsia cespitosa; Elytrigia repens; Festuca filiformis, rubra; Holcus lanatus; Lolium perenne; Ochlopoa annua; Phleum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & […]

Pyronia parasite

Aphantopus hyperantus parasite

Aphantopus hyperantus (Linnaeus, 1758) ringlet on “grasses” parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants narrowly polyphagous Agrostis capillaris; Alopecurus pratensis; Arrhenatherum elatius; Brachypodium pinnatum; Bromopsis erecta, inermis; Calamagrostis epigeios; Carex brizoides, hirta, panicea; Deschampsia cespitosa; Festuca rubra; Holcus mollis; Molinia caerulea; Phleum pratense; Poa angustifolia, trivialis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa […]

Aphantopus parasite

Maniola jurtina parasite

Maniola jurtina (Linnaeus, 1758) meadow brown on grasses parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Agrostis; Alopecurus; Avena; Brachypodium; Bromus; Dactylis; Deschampsia; Elytrigia repens; Festuca ovina; Hordeum; Lolium; Milium; Ochlopoa annua; Phleum pratense; Poa pratensis, trivialis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Baquero, Moraza, Ariño & Jordana […]

Maniola parasite

Maniolini parasite

Erebia aethiops parasite

Erebia aethiops (Esper, 1777) scotch argus on “grasses” parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants narrowly polyphagous Anthoxanthum odoratum; Brachypodium pinnatum; Briza media; Bromopsis erecta; Calamagrostis epigeios; Carex sempervirens; Dactylis glomerata; Deschampsia cespitosa; Festuca ovina; Luzula nivea; Molinia caerulea; Poa trivialis; Sesleria. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Lepiforum […]

Erebia parasite

Erebiini parasite

Melanargia galathea parasite

Melanargia galathea (Linnaeus, 1758) marbled white on “grasses” parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants narrowly polyphagous Brachypodium pinnatum; Carex alba; Festuca ovina, rubra. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021), Wirooks & Theissen (1999a).

Melanargia parasite

Melanargiini parasite

Melitaea didyma parasite

Melitaea didyma (Esper, 1778) spotted fritillary on dicotyledonous herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Centaurea scabiosa; Digitalis grandiflora; Linaria vulgaris; Odontites luteus; Plantago lanceolata, media; Rhinanthus angustifolius; Stachys recta; Valeriana officinalis; Verbascum lychnitis, nigrum, thapsus; Veronica austriaca subsp. teucrium, chamaedrys. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references […]

Melitaea cinxia parasite

Melitaea cinxia (Linnaeus, 1758) glanville fritillary on Plantago, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Plantaginaceae, oligophagous Linaria vulgaris; Plantago coronopus, lanceolata, major, maritima, media; Veronica austriaca subsp. teucrium, spicata. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Adolph, Kortstock, Niehoff & Schweitzer (2019a), Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), […]

Melitaea parasite

Melitaeini parasite

Melitaeinae parasite

Boloria eunomia parasite

Boloria eunomia (Esper, 1799) bog fritillary on Bistorta, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Polygonaceae, monophagous Bistorta officinalis, vivipara. Rarely Viola palustris distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Proclossiana eunomia. references Kolev & Shtinkov (2015a), Lepiforum (2021), Wirooks & Theissen (1999a).

Araschnia levana parasite

Araschnia levana (Linnaeus, 1758) european map on Urtica parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Urticaceae, monophagous Urtica dioica. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021), Wirooks & Theissen (1999a).

Araschnia parasite

Polygonia c-album parasite

Polygonia c-album (Linnaeus, 1758) comma on stinging nettle, broadleaved trees parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Carpinus betulus; Corylus avellana; Humulus lupulus; Ribes nigrum, rubrum, uva-crispa; Salix caprea; Ulmus glabra, laevis, minor; Urtica dioica. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Baquero, Moraza, Ariño & Jordana (2011a), Dupont, […]

Polygonia parasite

Aglais urticae parasite

Aglais urticae (Linnaeus, 1758) small tortoiseshell on Urtica parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Urticaceaew, monophagous Urtica dioica. Occasionally Cannabis sativa; Humulus lupulus (Cannabaceae). distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Baquero, Moraza, Ariño & Jordana (2011a), Lepiforum (2021), Wirooks & Theissen (1999a).

Vanessa cardui parasite

Vanessa cardui (Linnaeus, 1758) painted lady on thistles etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Achillea millefolium; Artemisia campestris, vulgaris; Berardia lanuginosa; Carduus; Carlina acaulis; Centaurea; Cichorium intybus; Cirsium arvense, palustre, vulgare; Daucus carota; Echium vulgare; Helichrysum arenarium; Malva; Phaseolus vulgaris; Pulicaria dysenterica; Trifolium; Urtica; Verbascum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, […]

Vanessa atalanta parasite

Vanessa atalanta (Linnaeus, 1758) red admiral on Urtica, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Urticaceae, oligophagous Parietaria alsinifolia, debilis, judaica, officinalis; Urtica dioica, ? koviensis, urens. Perhaps also Humulus lupulus (Cannabaceae) distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Baquero, Moraza, Ariño & Jordana (2011a) , Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a) , Lepiforum […]

Vanessa parasite

Aglais io parasite

Aglais io (Linnaeus, 1758) peacock on Urtica, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Urticaceae, oligophagous Parietaria officinalis; Urtica dioica. Rarely Humulus lupulus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Inachis io. references Baquero, Moraza, Ariño & Jordana (2011a) , Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021), Vegliante […]

Aglais parasite

Gonepteryx rhamni parasite

Gonepteryx rhamni (Linnaeus, 1758) brimstone on Frangula, Rhamnus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Rhamnaceae, ± monophagous Frangula alnus; Rhamnus cathartica. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Cancela & Vasconcelos (2019a, Lepiforum (2021), Vegliante & Zilli (2007a), Wirooks & Theissen (1999a).

Erannis defoliaria parasite

Erannis defoliaria (Clerck, 1759) mottled umber on broadleaved trees parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Acer platanoides; Aesculus hippocastanum; Alnus glutinosa; Betula; Carpinus betulus; Castanea sativa; Celtis australis; Corylus colurna; Crataegus; Fagus orientalis; Lonicera; Malus; Prunus; Quercus robur; Ribes; Rosa; Rubus; Salix alba; Sorbus torminalis; Tilia platyphyllos; Ulmus glabra. distribution within Europe […]

Erannis parasite

Bistonini parasite

Idaea figuraria parasite

Idaea figuraria (Bang-Haas, 1907) on Trifolium parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Trifolium hirtum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references King & Viejo Montesinos (2016a).

Lythria cruentaria parasite

Lythria cruentaria (Hufnagel, 1767) purple-barred yellow moth on Rumex parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Polygonaceae, monophagous Rumex acetosa, acetosella. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 2001a), King & Viejo Montesinos (2016a), Lepiforum (2021), Vegliante & Zilli (2007a).

Lythria parasite

Lythriini parasite

Idaea rufaria parasite

Idaea rufaria (Hübner, 1799) dotted wave on Astragalus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Astragalus cicer. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 2001a), Lepiforum (2021).

Idaea parasite

Idaeini parasite

Scopula ternata parasite

Scopula ternata (Haworth, 1809) cream wave on Vaccinium, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Fagus sylvatica;Galium;Polygonum; Vaccinium myrtillus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 2001a), Lepiforum (2021), Peslier (2009a).

Scopula ternata parasite

Scopula ternata (von Paula Schrank, 1802) smoky wave on Vaccinium parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Ericaceae, oligophagous Vaccinium myrtillus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 2001a), Lepiforum (2021).

Nymphalis antiopa parasite

Nymphalis antiopa (Linnaeus, 1758) mourning cloak, camberwell beauty on broadleaved trees parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants mainly Salicaceae, oligophagous Populus tremula; Salix aurita, caprea. Also Betula pendula. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021).

Nymphalis xanthomelas parasite

Nymphalis xanthomelas (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) scarce, yellow-legged, tortoiseshell on broadleaved trees parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Celtis; Salix cinerea, phylicifolia; Ulmus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021).

Nymphalis polychloros parasite

Nymphalis polychloros (Linnaeus, 1758) large tortoiseshell on broadleaved trees parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Celtis australis; Crataegus monogyna; Malus domestica; Populus nigra, tremula; Prunus avium, cerasifera, cerasus, domestica, serrulata; Pyrus communis, spinosa; Salix aurita, babylonica, x calodendron, caprea, x chrysocoma, cinerea, x fragilis, purpurea, viminalis; Sorbus torminalis; Ulmus glabra, x hollandica, […]

Nymphalis parasite

Nymphalini parasite

Nymphalinae parasite

Apatura ilia parasite

Apatura ilia (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) lesser purple emperor on Populus (Salix) parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Salicaceae, oligophagous Populus alba, nigra, tremula, trichocarpa. Rarely Salix x fragilis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021).

Apatura iris parasite

Apatura iris (Linnaeus, 1758) purple emperor on (Populus), Salix parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Salicaceae, oligophagous Salix aurita, caprea, cinerea, x fragilis, purpurea. Rarely Populus gileadensis, nigra. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021), Wirooks & Theissen (1999a).

Apatura parasite

Apaturini parasite

Apaturinae parasite

Scopula immutata parasite

Scopula immutata (Linnaeus, 1758) on Primula parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Primulaceae, monophagous Primula elatior. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 2001a), Lepiforum (2021).

Scopula imitaria parasite

Scopula imitaria (Hübner, 1799) small blood-vein on dicotyledons parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Artemisia; Bubon macedonicum; Crataegus monogyna; Ligustrum vulgare; Prunus spinosa; Valeriana officinalis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 2001a), King & Viejo Montesinos (2016a), Lepiforum (2021), Peslier (2009a), Vegliante & Zilli (2007a).

Scopula incanata parasite

Scopula incanata (Linnaeus, 1758) on kruiden parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Cytisus scoparius; Dianthus; Origanum vulgare; Thymus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 2001a), Lepiforum (2021), Peslier (2009a).

Scopula tessellaria parasite

Scopula tessellaria (Boisduval, 1840) dusky-brown wave moth on Origanum parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Lamiaceae, monophagous Origanum vulgare. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Lepiforum (2021), Werno (2004a).

Septoria veronicae parasite

Septoria veronicae Roberge, 1849 on Veronica Veronica arvensis, Belgium, prov. Antwerp, Mol, 2w.iv.2021 © Carina Van Steenwinkel opened pycnidium conidia conidia 1-3 septate, 1-2 x 22-46(56) µm. host plants Plantaginaceae, monophagous Veronica arvensis, chamaedrys, longifolia, officinalis, spicata. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Brandenburger (1985a: 578), Grove (1935a), Kruse (2014a), Negrean (1996b), Ruszkiewicz-Michalska (2006a).

Scopula rubiginata parasite

Scopula rubiginata (Hufnagel, 1767) tawny wave on Rumex parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Polygonaceae, ? monophagous Rumex acetosella. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 2001a, Lepiforum (2021).

Scopula decorata parasite

Scopula decorata (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) middle lace border on Thymus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Lamiaceae, monophagous Thymus serpyllum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 2001a), Lepiforum (2021), Peslier (2009a).

Scopula ornata parasite

Scopula ornata (Scopoli, 1763) lace border on Thymus, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Lamiaceae, oligophagous Origanum vulgare; Thymus pulegioides, vulgaris. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 2001a), King & Viejo Montesinos (2016a), Lepiforum (2021), Peslier (2009a).

Scopula nigropunctata parasite

Scopula nigropunctata (Hufnagel, 1767) sub-angled wave on low plants parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous ? Acer platanoides; Clematis recta; Ligustrum vulgare; Linaria vulgaris; ? Origanum vulgare; Plantago; ? Rubus caesius; Soldanella alpina; Teucrium scorodonia; Vaccinium myrtillus; Veronica chamaedrys; Vicia; Viola. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references […]

Scopula umbellaria parasite

Scopula umbellaria (Hübner, 1813) on Vincetoxicum parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Apocynaceae, monophagous Vincetoxicum hirundinaria. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 2001a), Lepiforum (2021).

Scopula immorata parasite

Scopula immorata (Linnaeus, 1758) Lewes wave on herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Achillea millefolium; Achillea millefolium; Origanum vulgare; Thymus pulegioides. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 2001a), Lepiforum (2021).

Scopula parasite

Scopulini parasite

Argynnis paphia parasite

Argynnis paphia (Linnaeus, 1758) silver-wshed fritillary on Viola, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Violaceae, ± monophagous Viola hirta, reichenbachiaanam riviniana. rarely Filipendula ulmaria (Rosacesae) distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021), Obregón & Gil (2015a).

Argynnis pandora parasite

Argynnis pandora (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) mediterranean fritillary, cardinal on Viola parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Violaceae, monophagous Viola cheiranthifolia, modesta. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021).

Argynnis elisa parasite

Argynnis elisa Godart, 1823 corsican fritillary on Viola parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Violaceae, monophagous Viola corsica. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). synonyms Fabriciana elisa. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021).

Argynnis adippe parasite

Argynnis adippe (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) high brown fritillary on Viola parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Violaceae, monophagous Viola canina, hirta, odorata, riviniana. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Fabrciana adippe. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021).

Argynnis niobe parasite

Argynnis niobe (Linnaeus, 1758) niobe fritillary on Viola parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Violaceae, monophagous Viola canina, hirta, tricolor subsp. curtisii. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Fabriciana niobe. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021), Spitzer, Beneš & Konvička (2009a).

Timandrini parasite

Argynnis aglaja parasite

Argynnis aglaja (Linnaeus, 1758) dark green fritillary on Bistorta, Viola parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Bistorta officinalis; Viola canina, hirta, palustris. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Speyeria aglaja. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021).

Argynnis parasite

Timandra comae parasite

Timandra comae Schmidt, 1931 blood-vein on Rumex, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Polygonaceae, oligophagous Fallopia baldschuanica, convolvulus; Persicaria lapathifolia; Polygonum aviculare; Rumex acetosa, acetosella, hydrolapathum, obtusifolius, rugosus, sanguineus, thyrsiflorus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 2001a), King & Viejo Montesinos (2016a), Lepiforum (2021).

Timandra parasite

Cyclophora linearia parasite

Cyclophora linearia Hübner, 1799) clay triple-lines on Fagus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fagaceae, monophagous Fagus sylvatica. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 2001a), Lepiforum (2021).

Cyclophora punctaria parasite

Cyclophora punctaria Linnaeus, 1758) maiden’s blush on Quercus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fagaceae, monophagous Quercus robur. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 2001a, Lepiforum (2021).

Euchloe bazae parasite

Euchloe bazae Fabiano, 1993 spanish greenish black-tip on Eruca, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Brassicaceae, Resedaceae, narrowly polyphagous Eruca vesicaria; Reseda phyteuma; Vella aspera. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum., Muñoz Sariot synonyms Elphinstonia bazae. references Lepiforum (2021), Munguira, Olivares, Castro, ao (2015c), Muñoz Sariot (2016a).

Polyommatus violetae parasite

Polyommatus violetae (Gómez-Bustillo, Expósito & Martínez, 1979) andalusian anomaloues blue on Onobrychis parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Onobrychis conferta subsp. argentea, humilis subsp. matritensis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Munguira, Barea-Azcón Castro, ao (2015b).

Afriberina tenietaria parasite

Afriberina tenietaria (Staudinger, 1900) on Juniperus parasite Larvae freely on the needles. host plants Cupressaceae, monophagous Juniperus thurifera. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Corley, Merckx, Marabuto, ao (2013a), Tautel, Colomb & Viehmann (2016a) .

Afriberina parasite

Cyclophora lennigiaria parasite

Cyclophora lennigiaria (Fuchs, 1883) on Acer parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Sapindaceae, monophagous Acer monspessulanum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Cyclophora albiocellaria lennigiaria. references Lepiforum (2021), Luquet (2016a), Peslier (2009a) .

Cyclophora albiocellaria parasite

Cyclophora albiocellaria (Hübner, 1789) on Acer parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Sapindaceae, monophagous Acer campestre. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Luquet (2016a).

Brenthis daphne parasite

Brenthis daphne (Bergsträsser, 1780) marbled fritillary on Rubus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Rosaceae, monophagous Rubus caesius, fruticosus, idaeus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Bury (2017a), Lepiforum (2021), Ulrich (2006a).

Brenthis hecate parasite

Brenthis hecate (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) twin-spot fritillary on Filipendula parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Rosaceae, monophagous Filipendula vulgaris. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Lepiforum (2021), Nel & Luqet (1981a), Obregón & Gil (2015a), Vicente Arranz, Hernández Rodríguez & Parra Arjona (2015a).

Cyclophora quercimontaria parasite

Cyclophora quercimontaria (Bastelberger, 1897) on Quercus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fagaceae, monophagous Quercus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 2001a), Lepiforum (2021).

Cyclophora porata parasite

Cyclophora porata (Linnaeus, 1767) false mocha on Quercus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fagaceae, monophagous Quercus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 2001a), Lepiforum (2021).

Cyclophora ruficiliaria parasite

Cyclophora ruficiliaria (Herrich-Schäffer 1855) jersey mocha on Quercus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fagaceae, monophagous Quercus pubescens. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 2001a), Hausmann & Scalercio (2016a), Lepiforum (2021), Peslier (2009a) .

Cyclophora puppillaria parasite

Cyclophora puppillaria (Hübner, 1799) Blair’s mocha on mediterranean shrubs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Arbutus unedo; Cistus; Erica; Myrtus communis; Phillyrea angustifolia; Quercus ilex. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 2001a), Fischer & Ivinskis (2007a), Lepiforum (2021), Peslier (2009a), Vegliante & Zilli (2007a).

Cyclophora albipunctata parasite

Cyclophora albipunctata (Hufnagel, 1767) birch mocha on Betula parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Betulaceae, monophagous Betula pendula, pubescens. phenology Hibernation as pupa. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Adolph, Kortstock, Niehoff & Schweitzer (2019a), Ebert (ed., 2001a), Lepiforum (2021).

Boloria euphrosyne parasite

Boloria euphrosyne (Linnaeus, 1758) pearl-bordered fritillary on Viola parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Violaceae, monophagous Viola canina, hirta, odorata, palustris, reichenbachiana, riviniana. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Baquero, Moraza, Ariño & Jordana (2011a), Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021), Regan & Meagher (2011a).

Boloria selene parasite

Boloria selene (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) small pearl-bordered, siver-bordered, fritillary on Viola parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Violaceae, monophagous Viola palustris, riviniana. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021).

Boloria parasite

Limenitis camilla parasite

Limenitis camilla (Linnaeus, 1764) white admiral on Lonicera, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Caprifoliaceae, oligophagous Lonicera periclymenum, xylosteum; Symphoricarpos albus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021).

Limenitis reducta parasite

Limenitis reducta (Staudinger, 1901) southern white admiral on Lonicera, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Caprifoliaceae, oligophagous Lonicera caprifolium, etrusca, implexa, periclymenum, xylosteum; Symphoricarpos albus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021), Vegliante & Zilli (2007a).

Limenitis populi parasite

Limenitis populi (Linnaeus, 1758) poplar admiral on Populus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Salicaceae, monophagous Populus nigra, tremula. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Chiavetta (1996a), Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021).

Limenitis parasite

Cyclophora annularia parasite

Cyclophora annularia (Fabricius, 1775) mocha on Acer parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Sapindaceae, monophagous Acer campestre. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 2001a), Lepiforum (2021).

Desertobia ankeraria parasite

Desertobia ankeraria (Staudinger, 1861) on Querus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fagaceae, monophagous Quercus coccifera, petraea, pubescens. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Beshkov & Zlatkov (2011a), Nahirnić & Beshkov (2016a).

Desertobia parasite

Desertobiini parasite

Phaiogramma faustinata parasite

Phaiogramma faustinata (Millière, 1868) on dicotyledons parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Foeniculum vulgare; Linum grandiflorum; Rosmarinus officinalis; Schinus terebinthifolia. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Chlorissa faustinata. references Dantart (1990a, Lepiforum (2021).

Phaiogramma etruscaria parasite

Phaiogramma etruscaria (Zeller, 1849) on Anthriscus etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Apiaceae, oligophagous Anthriscus; Bupleurum; Foeniculum; Peucedanum oreoselinum; Pimpinella saxifraga; Seseli. The observation by Hausmann & Scalercio of Populus nigra is difficult to fit in. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Chlorissa pulmentaria (Guenée, 1857). references […]

Phaiogramma parasite

Cyclophora pendularia parasite

Cyclophora pendularia (Clerck, 1759) dingy mocha on Salix parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Salicaceae, monophagous Salix caprea, cinerea. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 2001a), Lepiforum (2021).

Cyclophora parasite

Cosymbiini parasite

Sterrhinae parasite

Chlorissa viridata parasite

Chlorissa viridata (Linnaeus, 1758) small grass emerald on dicotyledons parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Artemisia campestris; Betula; Calluna vulgaris; Clematis; Corylus avellana; Crataegus rhipidophylla; Cytisus ruthenicus; Ononis spinosa, viscosa; Potentilla

Chlorissa parasite

Neptis rivularis parasite

Neptis rivularis (Scopoli, 1763) hungarian glider on Spiraea, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Rosaceae, oligophagous Aruncus dioicus; Filipendula ulmaria; Spiraea chamaedryfolia, salicifolia, x vanhouttei. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a); Lepiforum (2021).

Neptis parasite

Limenitidini parasite

Limenitidinae parasite

Polyommatus eros parasite

Polyommatus eros (Ochsenheimer, 1808) eros blue on Oxytropis, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, oligophagous Astragalus alpinus, sempervirens;Cytisus ruthenicus; Genista depressa; Oxytropis campestris, neglecta. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Chapman. synonyms Polyommatus eroides (Frivaldszky, 1835), the false eros blue, is generally considered a geographical form of P. […]

Polyommatus dorylas parasite

Polyommatus dorylas (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) turquoise blue on Anthyllis parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Anthyllis montana, vulneraria. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021).

Polyommatus nivescens parasite

Polyommatus nivescens Keferstein, 1851 mother-of-pearl blue on Anthyllis parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Anthyllis vulneraria. source: Wikipedia! distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a).

Tarucus balkanica parasite

Tarucus balkanica (Freyer, 1844) little tiger blue on Paliurus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Rhamnaceae, monophagous Paliurus spina-christi. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Lepiforum (2021), Švara, Popović, Peternel, ao (2016a).

Tarucus parasite

Aplasta ononaria parasite

Aplasta ononaria (Fuessly, 1783) rest harrow on Ononis parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Ononis spinosa & subsp. procurrens. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 2001a), Lepiforum (2021).

Aplasta parasite

Epirranthis diversata parasite

Epirrhantis diversata Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) on Populus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Salicaceae, monophagous Populus tremula. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 2001a), Lepiforum (2021).

Epirrhantis parasite

Desmobathrinae parasite

Alsophila aceraria parasite

Alsophila aceraria Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) pale maple moth on broadleaved trees parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Acer campestre; Quercus robur. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 2001a), Lepiforum (2021).

Zerynthia cerisyi parasite

Zerynthia cerisyi (Godart, 1824) eastern festoon on Aristolochia parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Aristolochiaceae, monophagous Aristolochia clematitis, hirta, maurorum, parvifolia. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Allancastria cerisyi. references Dincă & Vila (2008a), Lepiforum (2021).

Plebejus bellieri parasite

Plebejus bellieri (Oberthür, 1910) Bellier’s blue on Genista, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, ? oligophagous Genista; ? Hippocrepis conradiae. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). synonyms Plebeius bellieri. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Kolev (2005a), Parmentier & Zinszner (2013a).

Polyommatus thersites parasite

Polyommatus thersites (Canterer, 1835) Chapman’s blue on Onobrychis, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, oligophagous Genista; Hedysarum tauricum; Onobrychis arenaria, caput-galli, pallasii, saxatilis, supina, viciifolia; Trifolium. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Baquero, Moraza, Ariño & Jordana (2011a), Bury & Savchuk (2015a) , Dupont, Luquet, Demerges […]

Polyommatus amandus parasite

Polyommatus amandus (Schneider, 1792) Amanda’s blue on Vicia, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, oligophagous Lathyrus pratensis; Medicago; Vicia cracca, villosa. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Baquero, Moraza, Ariño & Jordana (2011a), Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021), Vegliante & Zilli (2007a.

Polyommatus daphnis parasite

Polyommatus daphnis (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) Meleager’s blue on Securigera, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, oligophagous ? Agrimonia eupatoria; Hedysarum candidum; Securigera varia. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Bury & Savchuk (2015a), Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021), Sanetra, Güsten & Trusch […]

Polyommatus dolus parasite

Polyommatus dolus (Hübner, 1823) furry blue on Onobrychis parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Onobrychis saxatilis, supina. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a).

Polyommatus ripartii parasite

Polyommatus ripartii (Freyer, 1830) Ripart’s anomalous blue on Onobrychis parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Onobrychis alba, arenaria, ebenoides, viciifolia. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021), Przybyłowicz (2014a).

Polyommatus damon parasite

Polyommatus damon (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) damon blue on Onobrychis parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Onobrychis arenaria, viciifolia. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021).

Polyommatus bellargus parasite

Polyommatus bellargus (Rottemburg, 1775) adonis blue on Hippocrepis, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, oligophagous Hippocrepis comosa; Securigera varia. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Lysandra bellargus. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021), O’Connor (2014a).

Polyommatus hispana parasite

Polyommatus hispana (Herrich-Schäffer, 1852) provençal chalk hill blue on Hippocrepis parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Hippocrepis comosa. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Lysandra hispana. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021).

Polyommatus coridon parasite

Polyommatus coridon (Poda, 1761) chalk hill blue on Hippocrepis, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Astragalus glycyphyllos; Coronilla minima; Hippocrepis comosa, conradiae, scorpioides; Securigera varia; Coronilla minima. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Lysandra coridon; Polyommatus slovacus Víťaz, Bálint & Žitńan, 1997. references Baquero, Moraza, […]

Plebejus glandon parasite

Plebejus glandon (de Prunner, 1798) arctic blue on Androsace parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Primulaceae, monophagous Androsace. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Agriades glandon. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021).

Polyommatus golgus parasite

Polyommatus golgus (Hübner, 1819) sierra nevada blue on Anthyllis parasite Young larvae mine; later free on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Anthyllis vulneraria. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Tolman. synonyms Polyommatus sagratrox (Aistleitner, 1986). references Munguira, Castro, Barea-Azcón, ao (2015a), Tolman (1994a).

Ennomos fuscantaria parasite

Ennomos fuscantaria (Haworth, 1809) dusky thorn on ash parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Oleaceae, monophagous Fraxinus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Lepiforum (2021).

Ennomos quercaria parasite

Ennomos quercaria Hübner, 1813) clouded august thorn on Quercus, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Aesculus hippocastanum; Carpinus betulus; Fagus orientalis; Quercus ilex, petraea subsp. iberica, pubescens, robur; Salix. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Cebeci & Acer (2007a), Lepiforum (2021), Toimil & Soria (1983a), Vegliante […]

Ennomos autumnaria parasite

Ennomos autumnaria (Werneburg, 1859) large thorn on broadleaved trees parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Quercus robur; Salix. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Adolph, Kortstock, Niehoff & Schweitzer (2019a), Lepiforum (2021).

Ennomos quercinaria parasite

Ennomos quercinaria Hufnagel, 1767) august thorn on broadleaved trees parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Acer platanoides; Aesculus hippocastanum; Fagus sylvatica; Quercus; Salix caprea. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Cebeci & Acer (2007a), Lepiforum (2021).

Ennomos erosaria parasite

Ennomos erosaria (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) september thorn on broadleaved trees parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Alnus glutinosa; Betula; Quercus robur. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Lepiforum (2021), Lévêque, Archaux & Faucheux (2012a).

Ennomos alniaria parasite

Ennomos alniaria (Linnaeus, 1758) canary-shouldered thorn on broadleaved trees parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Alnus; Betula pendula; Corylus; Tilia; Ulmus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Lepiforum (2021), Lévêque, Archaux & Faucheux (2012a).

Ennomos parasite

Apeira syringaria parasite

Apeira syringaria (Linnaeus, 1758) lilac beauty on lilac, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Caprifoliaceae, Oleaceae, polyphagous Fraxinus excelsior; Ligustrum; Lonicera xylosteum; Syringa. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Lepiforum (2021), Lévêque, Archaux & Faucheux (2012a).

Apeira parasite

Ennomini parasite

Pseudopanthera macularia parasite

Pseudopanthera macularia (Linnaeus, 1758) speckled yellow on Teucrium parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Lamiaceae, monophagous Teucrium chamaedrys, scorodonia. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Lepiforum (2021), Lévêque, Archaux & Faucheux (2012a).

Pseudopanthera parasite

Epione repandaria parasite

Epione repandaria (Hufnagel, 1767) bordered beauty on broadleaved trees parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Alnus; Populus; Salix. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Lepiforum (2021), Lévêque, Archaux & Faucheux (2012a).

Epione parasite

Opisthograptis luteolata parasite

Opisthograptis luteolata (Linnaeus, 1758) brimstone moth on deciduous trees parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Prunus cocomilia, laurocerasus, serotina, spinosa; Salix caprea; Sorbus aucuparia. phenology Bivoltine; hibernation as pupa. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Adolph, Kortstock, Niehoff & Schweitzer (2019a), Hausmann & Scalercio (2016a), Lepiforum (2021), […]

Epionini parasite

Opisthograptis parasite

Plebejus pyrenaica parasite

Plebejus pyrenaica (Boisduval, 1840) gavarnie blue on Androsace parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Primulaceae, monophagous Androsace villosa. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). synonyms Agriades pyrenaicus. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a).

Plebejus optilete parasite

Plebejus optilete (Knoch, 1781) cranberry blue on Vaccinium, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Ericaceae, oligophagous Andromeda polifolia; Vaccinium myrtillus, oxycoccos, uliginosum, vitis-idaea. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Agriades optilete. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021).

Plebejus orbitulus parasite

Plebejus orbitulus (de Prunner, 1798) alpine blue on Oxytropis parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Oxytropis jacquinii. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Agriades orbitulus. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021).

Cyaniris semiargus parasite

Cyaniris semiargus (Rottemburg, 1775) mazarine blue on herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Anthyllis hamosa; Armeria velutina; Astragalus; Melilotus; Trifolium pratense. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Polyommatus semiargus. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021), Rodríguez, Fernández Haeger & Jordano (1991a), Vegliante & […]

Cyaniris parasite

Plebejus trappi parasite

Plebejus trappi (Verity, 1927) alpine zephyr blue on Astragalus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Astragalus alopecurus, exscapus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Kretania, Plebeius, Plebejides, trappi. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021).

Aricia eumedon parasite

Aricia eumedon (Esper, 1780) geranium argus on Geranium parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Geraniaceae, monophagous Geranium palustre, pratense, sanguineum, sylvaticum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Eumedonia, Polyommatus, eumedon. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021), Sanetra, Güsten & Trusch (2015a).

Aricia morronensis parasite

Aricia morronensis (Ribbe, 1910) spanish argus on Erodium parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Geraniaceae, monophagous Erodium glandulosum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021).

Euchloe belemia parasite

Euchloe belemia (Esper, 1800) green-strioed white on Erysimum, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the siliques. host plants Brassicaceae, oligophagous Descurainia bourgaeana; Erysimum scoparium; Hirschfeldia incana. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Acosta Fernández (2009a, 2010a), Lepiforum (2021).

Pachycnemia hippocastanaria parasite

Pachycnemia hippocastanaria (Hübner, 1799) horse chestnut on Calluna, Erica parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Ericaceae, oligophagous Calluna vulgaris; Erica arborea. ? Also Aesculus hippocastanum (Sapindaceae). distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Cebeci & Acer (2007a), Hausmann & Scalercio (2016a), Lepiforum (2021).

Pachycnemia tibiaria parasite

Pachycnemia tibiaria (Rambur, 1829) on Erica parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Ericaceae, monophagous Erica scoparia. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Lepiforum (2021), Lévêque, Archaux & Faucheux (2012a).

Pachycnemia parasite

Plagodis dolabraria parasite

Plagodis dolabraria (Linnaeus, 1767) scorched wing on broadleaved trees parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Carpinus betulus; Populus tremula; Quercus robur. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Lepiforum (2021), Lévêque, Archaux & Faucheux (2012a).

Plagodis pulveraria parasite

Plagodis pulveraria (Linnaeus, 1758) brown silver-line on broadleaved trees parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Betula pendula; Rubus; Salix cinerea; Sorbus aucuparia. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Lepiforum (2021), Lévêque, Archaux & Faucheux (2012a).

Plagodis parasite

Hypochrosini parasite

Petrophora chlorosata parasite

Petrophora chlorosata (Scopoli, 1763) brown silver-line on Pteridium parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Dennstaedtiaceae, monophagous Pteridium aquilinum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Lepiforum (2021), Lévêque, Archaux & Faucheux (2012a).

Petrophora parasite

Cepphis advenaria parasite

Cepphis advenaria (Hübner, 1799) little thorn on herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Actaea spicata; Vaccinium myrtillus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Lepiforum (2021), Lévêque, Archaux & Faucheux (2012a).

Cepphis parasite

Lithinini parasite

Isturgia limbaria parasite

Isturgia limbaria (Fabricius, 1775) frosted yellow on Cytisus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Cytisus scoparius. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Lepiforum (2021), Lévêque, Archaux & Faucheux (2012a).

Isturgia parasite

Chiasmia aestimaria parasite

Chiasmia aestimaria (Hübner, 1809) tamarisk peacock on Tamarix parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Tamaricaceae, monophagous Tamarix africana, gallica. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Lepiforum (2021), Lévêque, Archaux & Faucheux (2012a).

Chiasmia clathrata parasite

Chiasmia clathrata (Linnaeus, 1758) latticed heath on Medicago parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Medicago sativa. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Lepiforum (2021), Lévêque, Archaux & Faucheux (2012a).

Chiasmia parasite

Aricia montensis parasite

Aricia montensis Verity, 1928 mountain argus on Helianthemum parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Cistaceaee, monophagous Helianthemum nummularium subsp. grandiflorum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a).

Aricia artaxerxes parasite

Aricia artaxerxes (Fabricius, 1793) northern brown argus on Helianthemum parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Cistaceae, monophagous Helianthemum nummularium & subsp. grandiflorum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021).

Aricia nicias parasite

Aricia nicias (Meigen, 1829) silvery argus on Geranium parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Geraniaceae, monophagous Geranium pratense, sylvaticum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Bengtson & Steel (2007a), Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021).

Plebejus idas parasite

Plebejus idas (Linnaeus, 1761) northern blue on herbs, dwarf shrubs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Anthyllis vulneraria; Astragalus alpinus; Calluna vulgaris; Cercis siliquastrum; Cicer arietinum; Cytisus scoparius; Empetrum nigrum; Galega officinalis; Genista germanica, tinctoria; Helianthemum nummularium; Hippocrepis emerus subsp. emeroides; Hippophae rhamnoides; Lotus corniculatus; Medicago lupulina, sativa, x varia; Melilotus albus, […]

Plebejus argyrognomon parasite

Plebejus argyrognomon (Bergsträsser 1779) Reverdin’s blue on Astragalus, Securigera parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, oligophagous Astragalus danicus, glycyphyllos; Securigera varia. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Plebeius argyrognomon; ? Plebejus belleri (Oberthür, 1910). references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Hardtke & Nuß (2006a), Lepiforum (2021), […]

Plebejus argus parasite

Plebejus argus (Linnaeus, 1758) silver-studded blue on herbs, dwarf shrubs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Calluna vulgaris; Erica tetralix; Hippocrepis comosa; Lotus corniculatus; Medicago lupulina; Securigera varia. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Plebeius argus. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Hardtke & Nuß (2006a), […]

Plebejus parasite

Lomaspilis bithynica parasite

Lomaspilis bithynica Wehrli, 1954 on Populus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Salicaceae, monophagous Populus tremula. phenology Univoltine. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Gelbrecht, Malkiewicz & Stelmaszczyk (2004a).

Lomaspilis opis parasite

Lomaspilis opis (Butler, 1878) on Betula parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Betulaceae, monophagous Betula. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Ritt, Kratochwill, Segerer & Haussmann ( 2011a).

Glaucopsyche paphos parasite

Glaucopsyche paphos Chapman, 1920 on Genista parasite Larvae freely on the pods. host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Genista fasselata. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Lepiforum (2021).

Pseudophilotes barbagiae parasite

Pseudophilotes barbagiae De Prins & van der Poorten, 1982 sardinian blue on Thymus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Lamiaceae, monophagous Thymus herba-barona. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Leigheb & Cameron-Curry (1998a), Lepiforum (2021).

Pseudophilotes vicrama parasite

Pseudophilotes vicrama (Moore, 1865) eastern baton blue on Thymus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Lamiaceae, monophagous Thymus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Bury & Savchuk (2015a), Lepiforum (2021).

Macaria fusca parasite

Macaria fusca (Thunberg, 1792) on low planta parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Betula nana; Draba; Vaccinium myrtillus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Pygmaeana fusca. references Johansen & Kobro (1996a), Lepiforum (2021).

Macaria wauaria parasite

Macaria wauaria (Linnaeus, 1758) v-moth on Ribes parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Grossulariaceae, monophagous Ribes uva-crispa. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Lepiforum (2021), Lévêque, Archaux & Faucheux (2012a).

Macaria liturata parasite

Macaria liturata (Clerck, 1759) tawny-barred angle on conifers parasite Larvae freely on the needles. host plants narrowly polyphagous Juniperus communis; Picea abies; Pinus sylvestris. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Lepiforum (2021), Lévêque, Archaux & Faucheux (2012a).

Macaria alternata parasite

Macaria alternata (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) sharp-angled peacock on trees parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Alnus; Crataegus; Fagus; Frangula alnus; Malus; ? Pinus; Populus; Populus; Quercus; Salix. phenology Bivoltine. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Lepiforum (2021), Lévêque, Archaux & Faucheux (2012a), Vegliante & Zilli (2007a).

Macaria notata parasite

Macaria notata (Linnaeus, 1758) peacock moth on broadleaved trees parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Alnus; Betula pendula; Corylus avellana; Populus; Prunus; Quercus; Salix. phenology Bivoltine. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Lepiforum (2021), Lévêque, Archaux & Faucheux (2012a), Vegliante & Zilli (2007a).

Macaria parasite

Macariini parasite

Glaucopsyche alexis parasite

Glaucopsyche alexis (Poda, 1761) green-underside blue on Medicago, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the inflorescence. host plants Fabaceae, oligophagous Astragalus glycyphyllos; Cytisus; Dorycnium; Genista sagittalis, tinctoria; Hedysarum; Lathyrus; Medicago falcata, sativa; Melilotus albus, officinalis; Onobrychis viciifolia; Securigera varia; Spartium; Trifolium; Vicia cracca, tenuifolia. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Baquero, […]

Glaucopsyche melanops parasite

Glaucopsyche melanops (Boisduval, 1828) black-eyed blue on Dorycnium, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the inflorescence. host plants Fabaceae, oligophagous Dorycnium pentaphyllum; Genista cinerea. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021).

Glaucopsyche parasite

Iolana iolas parasite

Iolana iolas Ochsenheimer, 1816) iolas blue on Colutea parasite Larvae freely on the pods. host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Colutea arborescens, “hispanica”. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. phenology Glaucopsyche iolas references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021), Rabasa, Gutiérrez & Escudero (2007a), Vegliante & Zilli (2007a.

Iolana parasite

Scolitantides orion parasite

Scolitantides orion (Pallas, 1771) chequered blue on Hylotelephium, Sedum parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Crassulaceae, oligophagous Hylotelephium maximum, telephium; Sedum album, rupestre. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Jansson (2013a), Lepiforum (2021).

Scolitantides parasite

Pseudophilotes baton parasite

Pseudophilotes baton (Bergsträsser, 1779) baton blue on Thymus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves and flowers. host plants Lamiaceae, monophagous Thymus praecox, pulegioides, serpyllum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Baquero, Moraza, Ariño & Jordana (2011a), Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Konvička, Dvořák, Hanč, ao (21008a), Lepiforum (2021), Vaisanen, […]

Stegania trimaculata parasite

Stegania trimaculata (de Villers, 1789) dorset cream wave on Populus, Salix parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Salicaceae, oligophagous Populus tremula; Salix alba. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Gelbrecht (2006a), Hausmann & Scalercio (2016a), Lepiforum (2021), Lévêque, Archaux & Faucheux (2012a).

Stegania cararia parasite

Stegania cararia (Hübner, 1790) ringed border on Populus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Salicaceae, monophagous Populus tremula. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Lepiforum (2021), Lévêque, Archaux & Faucheux (2012a).

Stegania parasite

Lomaspilis marginata parasite

Lomaspilis marginata (Linnaeus, 1758) clouded border on Populus, Salix (etc.?) parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Salicaceae, oligophagous Populus tremula; Salix alba, caprea. Also reported from Juglans regia. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Lepiforum (2021), Lévêque, Archaux & Faucheux (2012a).

Lomaspilis parasite

Cassymini parasite

Ligdia adustata parasite

Ligdia adustata (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) scorched carpet on Euonymus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Celastraceae, monophagous Euonymus europaeus. Rarely also Crataegus monogyna; Prunus domestica, padus, serortina, spinosa (Rosaceae). distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Lepiforum (2021), Lévêque, Archaux & Faucheux (2012a), De Prins & Garrevoet (1998a), […]

Ligdia parasite

Abraxini parasite

Hemithea aestivaria parasite

Hemithea aestivaria (Hübner, 1789) common emerald on broadleaved trees parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Acer campestre; Alnus; Clematis vitalba; Cornus sanguinea; Corylus avellana; Lonicera periclymenum, xylosteum; Prunus spinosa; Quercus robur; Rosa canina; Salix caprea; Sorbus; Tilia. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 2001a), Lepiforum […]

Hemithea parasite

Hemitheini parasite

Thalera fimbrialis parasite

Thalera fimbrialis (Scopoli, 1763) sussex emerald on dicotyledons parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Achillea millefolium; Artemisia campestris; Betula; Bupleurum falcatum; Calluna vulgaris; Crataegus monogyna; Daucus carota; Euphorbia cyparissias; Galium; Genista tinctoria; Hypericum perforatum;Inula conyzae; Lotus corniculatus; Prunus spinosa; Senecio; Thymus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references […]

Thalera parasite

Thalerini parasite

Jodis putata parasite

Jodis putata (Linnaeus, 1758) bilberry emerald on Vaccinium parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Ericaceae, monophagous Vaccinium myrtillus, uliginosum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 2001a), Lepiforum (2021).

Jodis lactearia parasite

Jodis lactearia (Linnaeus, 1758). little emerald on broadleaved trees parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Acer; Alnus glutinosa; Betula pendula; Carpinus betulus; Quercus robur; Sorbus aucuparia. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 2001a), Lepiforum (2021), Lévêque, Archaux & Faucheux (2012a).

Jodis parasite

Jodini parasite

Phengaris arion parasite

Phengaris arion (Linnaeus, 1758) large blue on Origanum, Thymus parasite Larvae initially freely in the inflorescence, later social parasites in an ants nest. host plants Lamiaceae, oligophagous Origanum vulgare; Thymus serpyllum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). synonyms Glaucopsyche, Maculinea, arion. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Sanetra, Güsten & Trusch (2015a|), Vegliante & Zilli […]

Phengaris teleius parasite

Phengaris teleius (Bergsträsser, 1779) scarce large blue on Sanguisorba parasite Larvae initially freely on the inflorescence; later social parasites in ants nests. host plants Rosaceae, monophagous Sanguisorba officinalis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). synonyms Maculinea teleius, telejus. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a).

Phengaris nausithous parasite

Phengaris nausithous (Bergsträsser, 1779) dusky large blue on Sanguisorba parasite Larvae initially freely on the inflorescence; later social parasites in ants nests. host plants Rosaceae, monophagous Sanguisorba officinalis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). synonyms Maculinea nausithous. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a).

Phengaris alcon parasite

Phengaris alcon (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) alcon blue on Gentiana, Swertia parasite Larvae initially feed on the flower and fruits; older larvae are social parasites in ants nest (Myrmica species). host plants Gentianaceae, oligophagous Gentiana asclepiadea, cruciata, pneumonanthe; Swertia perennis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Maculinea alcon. references Dupont, […]

Phengaris parasite

Celastrina argiolus parasite

Celastrina argiolus (Linnaeus, 1758) holly blue mainly on deciduous trees and shrubs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants broadly polyphagous Albizia julibrissin; Aralia elata; Arbutus unedo; Astragalus glycyphyllos; Berberis; Buddleja davidii; Buxus sempervirens; Calluna vulgaris; Caragana frutex; Ceanothus; Colutea arborescens; Cornus sanguinea; Cytisus scoparius; Dorycnium pentaphyllum subsp. germanicum; Erica tetralix; Euonymus europaeus; Filipendula […]

Celastrina parasite

Cupido osiris parasite

Cupido osiris (Meigen, 1829) osiris blue on Onobrychis (etc.) parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, oligophagous Colutea arborescens; Lathyrus; Onobrychis arenaria, ebenoides, montana, saxatilis, viciifolia. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Cupido sebrus Boisduval, 1832. references Baquero, Moraza, Ariño & Jordana (2011a), Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet […]

Danaus chrysippus parasite

Danaus chrysippus (Linnaeus, 1758) african monarch on Asclepias, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Apocynaceae, oligophagous Asclepias curassavica; Calotropis procera; Caralluma burchardii, europaea; Ceropegia dichotoma; Cynanchum acutum; Gomphocarpus fruticosus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Acosta Fernández (2007a), Corley (2005a), Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum […]

Euchloe hesperidum parasite

Euchloe hesperidum Rothschild, 1913 canary green-striped white on Sisymbrium, etc. parasite Larvae freely at the siliques. host plants Brassicaceae, oligophagous Carrichtera annua; Erucastrum canariense; Sisymbrium erysimoides. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Euchloe belemia hesperidum. references Acosta Fernández (2007a, 2009a, 2010a), Back (2001a), Lepiforum (2021).

Pararge parasite

Elymniini parasite

Pararge xiphia parasite

Pararge xiphia (Fabricius, 1775) madeiran speckled wood on grasses parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Agrostis gigantea; Brachypodium sylvaticum; Drymochloa donax; Holcus lanatus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). pupa see Lepiforum. references Bland & Lace (2020a), Lepiforum (2021), Wakeham-Dawson (2002a).

Catopsilia florella parasite

Catopsilia florella (Fabricius, 1775) african migrant on Senna parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Senna didymobotrya. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references John, Hawkes & Walliker (2019a), Lepiforum (2021), Wakeham-Dawson (2002a.

Catopsilia parasite

Gonepteryx maderensis parasite

Gonepteryx maderensis Felder, 1862 madeiran cleopatra, brimstone on Rhamnus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Rhamnaceae, monophagous Rhamnus glandulosa. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Franquinho Aguiar, Wakeham-Dawson & Freitas Jesus (2009a), Lepiforum (2021), Wakeham-Dawson (2002a).

Euchloe charlonia parasite

Euchloe charlonia (Donzel, 1842) greenish black-tip on Carrichtera, Reseda parasite Larvae freely on the fruits. host plants Brassicaceae, Resedaceae, narrowly polyphagous Carrichtera annua; Reseda crystallina. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Elphinstonia charlonia. references Acosta Fernández (2007a), Gascoigne-Pees, Hall & Russell (2002a), Lepiforum (2021).

Caralluma burchardii parasite

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Danaus chrysippus leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Danaus plexippus

Danaus plexippus parasite

Danaus plexippus (Linnaeus, 1758) monarch butterfly on Asclepias, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Apocynaceae, oligophagous Asclepias curassavica; Caralluma burchardii; Gomphocarpus fruticosus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Cancela & Vasconcelos (2019a), Gascoigne-Pees, Hall & Russell (2002a), Lepiforum (2021).

Danaus parasite

Danainae parasite

Zizeeria knysna parasite

Zizeeria knysna (Trimen, 1862) african grass blue on herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Amaranthus; Fagonia; Lotus; Malva; ? Medicago sativa; Trifolium; ? Ulex europaeus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Gascoigne-Pees, Hall & Russell (2002a), Lepiforum (2021).

Zizeeria parasite

Hemistola chrysoprasaria parasite

Hemistola chrysoprasaria (Esper, 1795) small emerald on Clematis parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Ranunculaceae, monophagous Clematis alpina, vitalba. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 2001a), Lepiforum (2021), Lévêque, Archaux & Faucheux (2012a).

Hemistola parasite

Hemistolini parasite

Thetidia smaragdaria parasite

Thetidia smaragdaria (Fabricius, 1787) esex emerald on Artemisia, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves, covered with lead fragments. host plants Asteraceae, oligophagous Achillea millefolium, nobilia; Artemisia absinthium, maritima; Senecio; Tanacetum vulgare. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Antomochloris smaragdaria. references Ebert (ed., 2001a), Falck, Møller & Nielsen (2010a), Lepiforum […]

Thetidia parasite

Comibaena bajularia parasite

Comibaena bajularia (Denis & Schiffermuller, 1775) blotched emerald on Quercus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves, covered with lead fragments. host plants Fagaceae, monophagous Quercus petraea, robur. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 2001a), Lepiforum (2021), Lévêque, Archaux & Faucheux (2012a).

Comibaena parasite

Comibaenini parasite

Geometra papilionaria parasite

Geometra papilionaria Linnaeus, 1758 large emerald on broadleaved trees parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Alnus glutinosa; Betula pendula, pubescens; Corylus avellana, maxima; Fagus sylvatica; Salix caprea; Sorbus aucuparia; Tilia. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 2001a), Lepiforum (2021), Lévêque, Archaux & Faucheux (2012a), Wirooks […]

Geometra parasite

Geometrini parasite

Pseudoterpna pruinata parasite

Pseudoterpna pruinata (Hufnagel, 1767) march moth on Genista, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, oligophagous Cytisus ruthenicus, scoparius; Genista sagittalis, tinctoria; Lembotropis nigricans; Ulex. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 2001a), Lévêque, Archaux & Faucheux (2012a), Lepiforum (2021), Vegliante & Zilli (2007a), Wirooks & […]

Pseudoterpna parasite

Pseudoterpnini parasite

Geometrinae parasite

Alsophila aescularia parasite

Alsophila aescularia Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) march moth on broadleaved trees parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Acer campestre, pseudoplatanus; Carpinus betulus; Corylus avellana; Fraxinus excelsior;Ligustrum vulgare; Lonicera xylosteum; Prunus padusm spinosa; Pyrus communis subsp. pyraster; Quercus robur, rubra; Rosa canina; Ulmus minor. phenology Univoltine. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, […]

Alsophila parasite

Alsophilinae parasite

Cupido argiades parasite

Cupido argiades (Pallas, 1771) short-tailed blue on Lathyrus, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, oligophagous Anthyllis; Astragalus propinquus, “sinicus” (? sirinicus); Colutea arborescens; Genista; Glycine; Lathyrus japonicus subsp. maritimus, latifolius, sylvestris; Lotus corniculatus, pedunculatus; Lupinus perennis; Medicago falcata, lupulina, sativa; Melilotus albus; Pisum sativum; Trifolium incarnatum, medium, pratense, repens; Ulex europaeus; […]

Cupido alcetas parasite

Cupido alcetas (Hoffmannsegg, 1804) provencal short-tailed blue on Medicago, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, oligophagous Galega officinalis; Medicago falcata, lupulina, sativa; Securigera varia. phenology Hibernation as fully grown larva. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Juillerat (2004a), Lepiforum (2021).

Cacyreus marshalli parasite

Cacyreus marshalli Butler, 1898 geranium bronze on Pelargonium parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Geraniaceae, monophagous Pelargonium zonale. The larva may also develop on Geranium pratense, pyrenaicum, sylvaticum, robertianum, but it is not yet cleat if this also happens in nature. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Baquero, […]

Cacyreus parasite

Lampides boeticus parasite

Lampides boeticus (Linnaeus, 1767) long-tailed blue on Colutea, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, oligophagous Astragalus; Colutea arborescens, atlantica; Cytisus scoparius; Genista maderensis; Lathyrus sylvestris; Lupinus luteus; Medicago; Pisum sativum; Spartium junceum; Trifolium; Ulex europaeus. ? Also Polygala myrtifolia (Polygalaceae) distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. notes […]

Lampides parasite

Leptotes pirithous parasite

Leptotes pirithous (Linnaeus, 1767) Lang’a short-tailed blue on herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Medicago x varia; Plumbago auriculata. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. notes Migrant from the Maghreb. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Gascoigne-Pees, Hall & Russell (2002a), Lepiforum (2021).

Leptotes parasite

Boudinotiana puella parasite

Boudinotiana puella (Esper, 1797) on Populus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Salicaceae, monophagous Populus alba. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Beshkov (2015a).

Boudinotiana touranginii parasite

Boudinotiana touranginii (Berce, 1870) on Salix parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. For the pupation the larva bores into rotten wood. host plants Salicaceae, monophagous Salix purpurea. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Levèque. references Herrmann & Trusch (2017a), Lepiforum (2021), Levèque (2011a), Lévêque, Archaux & Faucheux (2012a).

Boudinotiana notha parasite

Boudinotiana notha (Hübner, 1803) light orange underwing on Populua parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Salicaceae, monophagous Populus ? x canadensis, tremula. phenology Uivoltine. distribution within Europe PESI (2021).

Boudinotiana parasite

Archiearis parthenias parasite

Archiearis parthenias (Linnaeus, 1761) orange underwing on Betula parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Betulaceae, monophagous Betula pendula. phenology Univoltine. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Ebert (ed., 2001a), Lepiforum (2021), Lévêque, Archaux & Faucheux (2012a).

Archiearis parasite

Archiearinae parasite

Lycaena virgaureae parasite

Lycaena virgaureae (Linnaeus, 1758) scarce copper on Rumex parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Polygonaceae, monophagous Rumex acetosella, thyrsiflorus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021).

Lycaena tityrus parasite

Lycaena tityrus (Poda, 1761) sooty copper on Rumex parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Polygonaceae, monophagous Rumex acetosella. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021).

Lycaena hippothoe parasite

Lycaena hippothoe (Linnaeus, 1761) purple-edged copper on Rumex parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Polygonaceae, monophagous Rumex acetosa. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Fischer (1998a), Lepiforum (2021).

Lycaena dispar parasite

Lycaena dispar auteur (Haworth, 1802) on Bistorta, Rumex parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Polygonaceae, oligophagous Bistorta officinalis; Rumex acetosa, aquaticus, conglomeratus, crispus, hydrolapathum, obtuisfolius, patientia, sanguineus, stenophyllus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Höppner & Loos (2020a), Lepiforum (2021), Strausz (2010a).

Lycaena alciphron parasite

Lycaena alciphron (Rottemburg, 1775) purple-shot copper on Rumex parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Polygonaceae, monophagous Rumex acetosella, thyrsiflorus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021), Vegliante & Zilli (2007a.

Lycaena phlaeas parasite

Lycaena phlaeas (Linnaeus, 1761) small copper on Rumex parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Polygonaceae, monophagous Rumex acetosa, acetosella & subsp. tenuifolius, arifolius, crispus, lunaria, obtusifolius, patientia. Also Bistorta officinalis (Baquero ao). distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Baquero, Moraza, Ariño & Jordana (2011a), Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & […]

Lycaena helle parasite

Lycaena helle (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) violet copper on Bistorta parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Polygonaceae, monophagous Bistorta officinalis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Kolev & Shtinkov (2015a), Lepiforum (2021), Popović, Ðurić, Franeta, ao (2014a), Wirooks & Theissen (1999a).

Lycaena parasite

Lycaenini parasite

Lycaeninae parasite

Callophrys avis parasite

Callophrys avis Chapman, 1909 Chapman’s green hairstreak on Arbutus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Ericaceae, monophagous Arbutus unedo. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Mortera & Vicente Arranz (2013a).

Callophrys rubi parasite

Callophrys rubi (Linnaeus, 1758) green hairstreak on herbs and snrubs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous, mainly Cistaceae, Ericaceae, Fabaceae Amorpha fruticosa; Anthyllis vulneraria; Betula; Calicotome spinosa; Calluna vulgaris; Campanula rotundifolia; Caragana; Cistus salviifolius; Cornus sanguinea; Coronilla minima; Cytisus hirsutus, ratisbonensis, ruthenicus, scoparius, supinus; Dorycnium hirsutum, pentaphyllum & subsp. germanicum; Empetrum nigrum; […]

Callophrys parasite

Satyrium spini parasite

Satyrium spini (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) blue spot hairstreak on Rhamnus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Rhamnaceae, monophagous Rhamnus alaternus, cathartica, pumila. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021).

Satyrium pruni parasite

Satyrium pruni (Linnaeus, 1758) black hairstreak on Prunus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves, creating a characteristic feeding pattern. The leaf is eaten from the base, and symmetrically at both sides of the midrib. host plants Rosaceae, monophagous Prunus domestica, padus, spinosa. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, […]

Satyrium w-album parasite

Satyrium w-album (Knoch, 1782) white-letter hairstreak on Ulmus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Ulmaceae, monophagous Ulmus glabra, x hollandica, laevis, minor. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Diringer & Amar (2017a), Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021), Šumpich (2011b), Wirooks & Theissen (1999a).

Tomares nogelli parasite

Tomares nogelli (Henrich-Schaffer, 1851) on Astragalus parasite Larvae freely on the flowers and pods. host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Astragalus dasyanthus, ponticus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Bury & Savchuk (2015a), Jordano, Fernández Haeger & Rodriguez González (1990a), Lepiforum (2021), Rákosy & Craioveanu (2015a).

Trichiura castiliana parasite

Trichiura castiliana Spuler, 1908 on Quercus, Salix parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Quercus pyrenaica; Salix. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Gomez de Aizpurua & Soria Carreras. references Gomez de Aizpurua & Soria Carreras (1987a).

Peribatodes ilicaria parasite

Peribatodes ilicaria (Geyer, 1833) lydd beauty on woody plants parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Betula pendula; Clematis; Hedera; Juniperus; Ligustrum vulgare; Pinus; Prunus spinosa; Quercus; Rosa; Syringa. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Peribatodes manuelaria Herrich-Schaffer, 1852. references Karsholt & Skou (2012a), Lepiforum (2021), Lévêque, Archaux & […]

Peribatodes parasite

Boarmiini parasite

Ennominae parasite

Perizomini parasite

Larentiinae parasite

Catephia alchymista parasite

Catephia alchymista (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) alchymist on Quercus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fagaceae, monophagous Quercus. phenology Univoltine/bivoltine distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Lepiforum (2021), Toimil (1988a), Vegliante & Zilli (2007a).

Catephia parasite

Ophiusini parasite

Erebinae parasite

Trichiura ilicis parasite

Trichiura ilicis (Rambur, 1866) on Quercus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fagaceae, monophagous Quercus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). larva, pupa see Toimil. references Toimil (1988a).

Trichiura parasite

Poecilocampini parasite

Poecilocampinae parasite

Lasiocampidae parasite

Lasiocampoidea parasite

Satyrium ilicis parasite

Satyrium ilicis Esper, 1779) ilex hairstreak on Quercus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fagaceae, monophagous Quercus pubescens, robur. phenology Univoltine, hibernation as egg. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Hausmann & Scalercio (2016a), Köstler (2005a), Lepiforum (2021), Vegliante & Zilli (2007a).

Satyrium esculi parasite

Satyrium esculi (Hübner, 1804) false ilex hairstreak on Quercus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fagaceaee, monophagous Quercus coccifera. phenology Univoltine; hibernation as egg. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). larva, pupa see Toimil. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Toimil (1988a).

Satyrium acaciae parasite

Satyrium acaciae (Fabricius, 1787) sloe hairstreak on Prunus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Rosaceae, monophagous Prunus spinosa. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Baquero, Moraza, Ariño & Jordana (2011a), Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021).

Satyrium parasite

Eumaeini parasite

Laeosopis roboris parasite

Laeosopis roboris (Esper, 1793) spanish purple hairstreak on Fraxinus, Phillyrea parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Oleaceae, oligophagous Fraxinus angustifolia; Phillyrea angustifolia, latifolia. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). larva see Kan ao, Lepiforum. synonyms Laeosopis evippus (Hübner, 1793). references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Kan & Kan-van Limburg-Stirum (2009a), Kan & van […]

Laeosopis parasite

Favonius quercus parasite

Favonius quercus (Linnaeus, 1758) purple hairstreak on Quercus parasite Larvae freely on the inflorescences and youngest leaves. host plants Fagaceae, monophagous Quercus cerris, petraea, pubescens, pyrenaica, robur, rubra. phenology Univoltine; hibernation as egg. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Toimil. synonyms Quercusia quercus. references Denner (2003a), Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet […]

Favonius parasite

Thecla betulae parasite

Thecla betulae (Linnaeus, 1758) brown hairstreak on Prunus, ewc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Rosaceae, oligophagous Chaenomeles speciosa; Prunus armeniaca. avium, domestica & subsp.insititia, padus, spinosa. In an single case oviposition has been observed upon Betula. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet […]

Thecla parasite

Theclini parasite

Tomares ballus parasite

Tomares ballus (Fabricius, 1787) provence hairstreak on Anthyllis, etc. parasite Larvae feed in the flowers and pods. host plants Fabaceae, oligophagous Anthyllis cytisoides, vulneraria; Erophaca baetica; Hippocrepis unisiliquosus; Lotus ornithopodioides; Medicago polymorpha, truncatula; Onobrychis caput-galli; Tripodion tetraphyllum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Jordano, […]

Tomares parasite

Tomarini parasite

Theclinae parasite

Hamearis lucina parasite

Hamearis lucina (Linnaeus, 1758) duke of burgundy on (Lysimachia), Primula parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Primulaceae, oligophagous Primula acaulis, elatior, veris. Less often Lysimachia nemorum, nummularia. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021), Wirooks & Theissen (1999a).

Hamearis parasite

Hamearini parasite

Riodininae parasite

Riodinidae parasite

Anthocharis gruneri parasite

Anthocharis gruneri Herrich-Schäffer, 1851 Gruner’s orange-tip on Aethionema, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the siliques. host plants Brassicaceae, oligophagous Aethionema orbiculatum, saxatile; Isatis tinctoria. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Lepiforum (2021), Popović & Milenković (2012a.

Lithophane semibrunnea parasite

Lithophane semibrunnea (Haworth, 1809) tawny pinion on Fraxinus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Oleaceae, monophagous Fraxinus excelsior. Under artificial conditions also Ligustrum ovalifolium; Syringa vulgaris. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Sarto i Monteys (1984a), Šumpich (2015a), Wirooks (1994a).

Lithophane parasite

Xylenina parasite

Xylenini parasite

Athetis hospes parasite

Athetis hospes (Freyer, 1831) Porter’s rustic on Plantago parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Plantaginaceae, monophagous Plantago. phenology Bivoltine;hibernation as larva. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). arva see Lepiforum. synonyms Proxenus hospes. references Lepiforum (2021), De Prins (2008c), Vegliante & Zilli (2007a).

Athetis parasite

Athetiina parasite

Caradrinini parasite

Anthocharis damone parasite

Anthocharis damone Boisduval, 1836 eastern orange-tip on Isatis parasite Larvae freely on the siliques. host plants Brassicaceae, monophagous Isatis tinctoria. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Drndić, Radevski, Miljević, ao (2017a), Lepiforum (2021).

Brenthis ino parasite

Brenthis ino (Rottemburg, 1775) lesser marbled fritillary on Filipendula, wetc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Rosaceae, oligophagous Comarum palustre; Filipendula “petalana”, ulmaria; Rubus chamaemorus, idaeus; Sanguisorba minor, officinalis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Kolev (2003a), Koren & Zadravec (2010a); Lepiforum (2021), Wirooks & Theissen (1999a).

Brenthis parasite

Argynnini parasite

Heliconiinae parasite

Leptidea reali parasite

Leptidea reali Reissinger, 1990 Réal’s wood white on Lathyrus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Lathyrus pratensis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Amiet (2004a), Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021).

Aporia crataegi parasite

Aporia crataegi (Linnaeus, 1758) black-veined white on Prunus, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Rosaceae, oligophagous Amelanchier ovalis; Crataegus monogyna; Malus domestica; Prunus avium, domestica, mahaleb, padus, spinosa; Pyrus communis; Rosa; Sorbus aucuparia. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Jugovic & […]

Aporia parasite

Pieris napi parasite

Pieris napi (Linnaeus, 1758) green-veined white on Alliaria, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Brassicaceae, oligophagous Alliaria petiolata; Arabidopsis arenosa, thaliana; Arabis alpina & subsp. caucasica, glabra, hirsuta; Armoracia rusticana; Aurinia saxatilis; Barbarea vulgaris; Berteroa incana; Biscutella laevigata; Brassica oleracea, rapa; Bunias orientalis; Cakile maritima; Cardamine amara,bulbifera, flexuosa, hitsuta, impatiens, pratensis, trifolia; […]

Pieris bryoniae parasite

Pieris bryoniae (Hübner, 1800) mountain green-veined white on Cardamine, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Brassicaceae, oligophagous Alliaria petiolata; Arabidopsis arenosa; Biscutella laevigata; Cardamine bulbifera, heptaphylla, pratensis; Lunaria rediviva. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021).

Pieris ergane parasite

Pieris ergane (Geyer, 1828) mountain small white on Isatis, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Brassicaceae, oligophagous Aethionema saxatile, thomasianum; Isatis tinctoria. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Montiel Pantoja ao. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021), Montiel Pantoja, Martínez Pérez & Sanjurjo Franch (2020a).

Pieris mannii parasite

Pieris mannii (Mayer, 1851) southern small white on Iberis, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Brassicaceae, oligophagous Alyssoides utriculata; Cardamine impatiens; Diplotaxis tenuifolia; Iberis amara, linifolia & subsp. violletii, pinnata, saxatilis, sempervirens, umbellata; Kernera saxatilis; Lepidium graminifolium; Lobularia maritima. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, […]

Pieris rapae parasite

Pieris rapae (Linnaeus, 1758) small white on Brassica, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Brassicaceae etc, mauw polyphagous Alliaria petiolata; Alyssum alyssoides, murale; Arabis alpina subsp. caucasica, glabra, hitsuta; Armoracia rusticana; Aubrieta deltoidea; Aurinia saxatilis; Barbarea stricta, vulgaris; Brassica napus, oleracea, rapa; Bunias orientalis; Cakile maritima; Capparis spinosa; Cardamine amara, hirsuta, pratensis; […]

Pieris brassicae parasite

Pieris brassicae (Linnaeus, 1758) large white on Brassica, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Brassicaceae etc., narrowly polyphagous Alliaria petiolata; Alyssum montanum; Arabis glabra; Armoracia rusticana; Aurinia saxatilis; Barbarea vulgaris; Brassica napus, oleracea & subsp. capitata, rapa; Bunias orientalis; Cakile maritima; Capparis spinosa; Cardamine bulbifera; Cleome hassleriana; Cochlearia officinalis; Coincya monensis subsp. […]

Pieris parasite

Pontia edusa parasite

Pontia edusa (Fabricius, 1777) eastern bath white on Reseda, Sisymbrium, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Brassicaceae, Resedaceae, narrowly polyphagous Reseda lutea; Sisymbrium loeselii. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Lepiforum (2021), Vegliante & Zilli (2007a).

Pontia callidice parasite

Pontia callidice (Hübner, 1800) lofty bath white, peak white on Pritzelago, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Brassicaceae, monophagous Cardamine alpina; Pritzelago alpina. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021).

Pontia daplidice parasite

Pontia daplidice (Linnaeus, 1758) bath white on Diplotaxis, Reseda, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Brassicaceae, Resedaceae, narrowly polyphagous Diplotaxis tenuifolia; Erysimum scoparium; Raphanus; Reseda scoparia. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021), Nel & Nel (2000a) .

Euchloe tagis parasite

Euchloe tagis (Hübner, 1804) portuguese dappled white on Iberis parasite Larvae freely on the siliques or leaves. host plants Brassicaceae, monophagous Iberis fontqueri. pinnata, sempervirens. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Iberochloe tagis. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021).

Euchloe ausonia parasite

Euchloe ausonia (Hübner, 1804) eastern dappled white on Isatis, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the siliques. host plants Brassicaceae, oligophagous Biscutella mollis; Bunias erucago; Iberis sempervirens; Isatis tinctoria; Lepidium vesicarium; Sinapis arvensis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Lepiforum (2021), Vegliante & Zilli (2007a).

Euchloe simplonia parasite

Euchloe simplonia (Boisduval, 1832) mountain dappled white on Biscuetella, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the siliques. host plants Brassicaceae, oligophagous Biscutella laevigata; Erucastrum nasturtiifolium. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021).

Euchloe crameri parasite

Euchloe crameri Butler, 1869 western dappled white on Biscutella, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the siliques. host plants Brassicaceae, oligophagous Biscutella laevigata; Isatis tinctoria; Raphanus raphanistrum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021).

Euchloe insularis parasite

Euchloe insularis (Staudinger, 1861) corsican dappled white on Sisymrium, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the siliques. host plants Brassicaceae, oligophagous Iberis pinnata; Sisymbrium officinale. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021).

Euchloe parasite

Anthocharis euphenoides parasite

Anthocharis euphenoides Staudinger, 1869 provence orange-tip on Biscutella, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the fruits. host plants Brassicaceae, oligophagous Aurinia sinuata; Biscutella laevigata. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021).

Anthocharis cardamines parasite

Anthocharis cardamines (Linnaeus, 1758) orange-tip on Alliaria, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the fruits and leaves. host plants Brassicaceae, oligophagous Alliaria petiolata; Arabidopsis arenosa,thaliana; Arabis alpina subsp. caucasica, glabra, hirsuta; Armoracia rusticana; Biscutella laevigata, mollis; Cardamine bulbifera, impatiens, pratensis; Hesperis laciniata, matronalis; Lunaria annua, rediviva; Sinapis arvensis; Sisymbrium officinale. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, […]

Anthocharis parasite

Anthocharini parasite

Colias croceus parasite

Colias croceus (Fourcroy, 1785) clouded yellow on Medicago, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, oligophagous Astragalus glycyphyllos; Hippocrepis comosa; Lotus corniculatus; Medicago falcata, sativa,x varia; Melilotus albus; Onobrychis arenaria, viciifolia; Securigera varia; Trifolium medium, pratense, repens. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Colias crocea. references Dupont, […]

Colias alfacariensis parasite

Colias alfacariensis Ribbe, 1905 Berger’s clouded yellow on Hippocrepis, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, oligophagous Hippocrepis comosa, emerus; Securigera varia. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a. Lepiforum (2021).

Colias hyale parasite

Colias hyale (Linnaeus, 1758) pale clouded yellow on Trifolium, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, oligophagous Astragalus glycyphyllos; Hippocrepis comosa; Lathyrus pratensis; Lotus corniculatus, pedunculatus; Medicago falcata, lupulina, sativa; Melilotus albus; Onobrychis viciifolia; Ononis spinosa; Securigera varia; Trifolium alpestre, arvense, fragiferum, incarnatum, medium, ochroleucon, pratense, repens; Vicia cracca, hirsuta, tetrasperma. distribution […]

Colias phicomone parasite

Colias phicomone (Esper, 1780) mountain clouded yellow on Hippocrepis, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, oligophagous Hippocrepis comosa; Lotus; Trifolium; Vicia. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021).

Gonepteryx cleopatra parasite

Gonepteryx cleopatra (Linnaeus, 1767) cleopatra on Rhamnus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Rhamnaceae, monophagous Rhamnus alaternus, lycioides. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021), Vegliante & Zilli (2007a).

Gonepteryx parasite

Gonepterygini parasite

Leptidea morsei parasite

Leptidea morsei (Fenton 1882) Fenton’s wood white on Lathyrus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Lathyrus niger, vernus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Čelik (2013a), Gascoigne-Pees, Trew, Pateman & Verovnik (2008a), Lepiforum (2021).

Leptidea sinapis parasite

Leptidea sinapis (Linnaeus, 1758) wood white on Vicia, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, oligophagous ? Coronilla; Dorycnium; Lathyrus liniifolius, pratensis; Lotus corniculatus, pedunculatus; Trifolium arvense, repens; Vicia. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Amiet (2004a), Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Vegliante & Zilli (2007a), Warren (1984a).

Leptidea duponcheli parasite

Leptidea duponcheli (Staudinger, 1871) eastern wood white on Onobrychis parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Onobrychis saxatilis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021).

Leptidea parasite

Leptideini parasite

Dismorphiinae parasite

Papilio machaon parasite

Papilio machaon Linnaeus, 1758 swallowtail on Daucus, Ruta, etc parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Apiaceae, Rutaceae, polyphagous Anethum graveolens; Angelica sylvestris; Carum; Daucus carota; Dictamnus albus; Ferula communis; Foeniculum vulgare; Meum athamanticum; Pastinaca sativa; Petroselinum crispum; Peucedanum alsaticum, oreoselinum, palustre; Pimpinella anisum, saxifraga; Ruta graveolens; Trinia glauca. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). […]

Papilio hospiton parasite

Papilio hospiton Gené, 1839 corsican swallowtail on Ferula, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Apiaceae, Rutaceae, polyphagous Ferula communis; Peucedanum officinale subsp. paniculatum; Ruta corsica. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021).

Papilio alexanor parasite

Papilio alexanor Esper, 1800 southern swallowtail on Ferula, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the inflorecences. host plants Apiaceae, oligophagous Ferula communis, tingitana; Heptaptera anisoptera; Opopanax chironium, hispidus; Pastinaca sativa; Ptychotis saxifraga; Scaligeria napiformis; Trinia glauca. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Bollino & Sala (2004a), Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet […]

Papilio parasite

Papilionini parasite

Iphiclides podalirius parasite

Iphiclides podalirius (Linnaeus, 1758) scarce swallowtail on Prunus, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Rosaceae, oligophagous Amelanchier ovalis; Cotoneaster franchetii, integerrimus; Crataegus macrocarpa, monogyna; Malus domestica; Prunus armeniaca, avium, cerasifera, domestica & subsp. insititia, dulcis, “x eminens”, mahaleb, persica, serotina, spinosa; Pyrus communis & subsp. pyraster; Sorbus aria, aucuparia, domestica; Spiraea cantoniensis. […]

Iphiclides parasite

Graphiini parasite

Papilioninae parasite

Parnassius apollo parasite

Parnassius apollo (Linnaeus, 1758) apollo on Sedum, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Crassulaceae, oligophagous Hylotelephium telephium; Jovibarba globifera subsp. hirta; Sedum album, dasyphyllum, rupestre; Sempervivum arachnoideum, tectorum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021).

Parnassius corybas parasite

Parnassius corybas Fischer von Waldheim, 1823 small apollo on Saxifraga, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Crassulaceae, Saxifragaceae, polyphagous Rhodiola rosea; Saxifraga aizoides; Sempervivum montanum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Parnassius phoebus (Fabricius, 1793); P. sacerdos Stichel, 1906. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum […]

Parnassius mnemosyne parasite

Parnassius mnemosyne (Linnaeus, 1758) clouded apollo on Corydalis, Pseudofumaria parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Papaveraceae, narrowly oligophagous Corydalis cava, intermedia, solida; Pseudofumaria lutea. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021).

Parnassius parasite

Parnassiini parasite

Zerynthia rumina parasite

Zerynthia rumina (Linnaeus, 1758) spanish festoon on Aristolochia parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Aristolochiaceae, monophagous Aristolochia baetica, paucinervis, pistolochia. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021), Sabariego & Martínez (1991a).

Zerynthia polyxena parasite

Zerynthia polyxena (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) southern festoon on Aristolochia parasite Larvae freely at the undersides of the the leaves. host plants Aristolochiaceae, monophagous Aristolochia clematitis, pallida, rutunda. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dincă & Vila (2008a), Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Hottinger (2003a), Lepiforum (2021).

Zerynthia parasite

Luehdorfiini parasite

Parnassiinae parasite

Papilionidae parasite

Pseudophilotes bavius parasite

Pseudophilotes bavius (Eversmann, 1832) bavius blue on Salvia parasite Larvae freely on the flowers. host plants Lamiaceae, monophagous Salvia nemorosa, nutans, officinalis, palaestina, pratensis, verbenaca, verticillata. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Rubrapterus bavius. references Bury & Savchuk (2015a) , Kolev (2017a), Lepiforum (2021), Tolman (1992a).

Pseudophilotes parasite

Polyommatini parasite

Polyommatinae parasite

Muschampia cribrellum parasite

Muschampia cribrellum (Eversmann, 1841) spinose skipper host plants Unknown. Often Potentilla (Rosaceae) is mentioned, but more likely is Phlomis (Lamiaceae), a genus shared by several Muschampia species (Dincă ao). distribution within Europe PESI (2021). synonyms Favria cribrellum. references Davkov & Mérit (2018a), Dincă, Kolev & Verovnik (2010a), Koren, Martinović & Dender (2020a), Lepiforum (2021).

Muschampia proteides parasite

Muschampia proteides (Wagner, 1929) anatolian skipper on Phlomis, Stachys parasite Larvae in a folded leaf. host plants Lamiaceae, oligophagous Phlomis herba-venti subsp. pungens, kurdica; Stachys cretica. distribution within Europe Turkey. egg, larva, pupa see Kemal & Koçak, Lepiforum. references Kemal & Koçak (2017a), Lepiforum (2021).

Spialia rosae parasite

Spialia rosae Hernández-Roldán, Dapporto, Dincă, Vicente & Vila, 2016 spanish red underwing skipper on Rosa parasite Larvae in a folded leaflet. host plants Rosaceae, monophagous Rosa agrestis, canina, corymbifera, inodora, micrantha, pendulina, pouzinii, pulverulenta, tomentosa. distribution within Europe Spain. egg, larva, pupa see Hernández-Roldán ao. references Hernández-Roldán, Vicente. Vila & Munguira (2018a), Lepiforum (2021).

Carcharodus orientalis parasite

Carcharodus orientalis Reverdin, 1913 oriental marbled skipper on Stachys parasite Larvae in a folded leaf. host plants Lamiaceae, oligophagous Ballota nigra; Clinopodium acinos; Marrubium peregrinum; Sideritis taurica; Stachys cretica & subsp. smyrnaea; Stachys officinalis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Muschampia orientalis. references Albrecht (2012a), Lepiforum (2021).

Carcharodus stauderi parasite

Carcharodus stauderi Reverdin, 1913 Stauder’skipper on Ballota parasite Larvae in a folded leaf segment. host plants Lamiaceae, monophagous Ballota acetabulosa. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Albrecht & Kissling, Lepiforum. synonyms Muschampia stauderi. references Albrecht & Kissling (2013a), Lepiforum (2021).

Ochlodes sylvanus parasite

Ochlodes sylvanus (Esper, 1777) large skipper on grasses parasite Larvain a rolled leaf. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Agrostis capillaris; Alopecurus pratensis; Avenella flexuosa; Brachypodium pinnatum; Calamagrostis epigeios, purpurea; Dactylis glomerata; Elymus caninus; Molinia caerulea; Phalaroides arundinacea; Phleum pratense; Phragmites australis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Ochlodes venata, venatus (Bremer […]

Ochlodes parasite

Hesperia comma parasite

Hesperia comma (Linnaeus, 1758) silver-spotted skipper on grasses parasite Larva in a rolled leaf. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Festuca ovina; Nardus stricta. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021), Vegliante & Zilli (2007a).

Hesperia parasite

Gegenes pumilio parasite

Gegenes pumilio (Hoffmannsegg, 1804) pigmy skipper on Hyparrhenia parasite Larva oin a rolled leaf. host plants Poaceae, monophagous Hyparrhenia hirta. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Vegliante & Zilli (2007a).

Gegenes parasite

Thymelicus acteon parasite

Thymelicus acteon (Rottemburg, 1775) lulworth skipper on grasses parasite Larva in a rolled leaf. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Brachypodium pinnatum, sylvaticum; Elytrigia atherica, repens; ? Ochlopoa annua. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). larva see Lepiforum. references Baquero, Moraza, Ariño & Jordana (2011a), Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021).

Thymelicus lineola parasite

Thymelicus lineola (Ochsenheimer, 1808) essex skipper on grases parasite Larva in a rolled leaf. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Agrostis capillaris, stolonifera; Alopecurus pratensis; Anisantha sterilis; Anthoxanthum odoratum; Arrhenatherum elatius; Arrhenatherum elatius; Brachypodium pinnatum, rupestre, sylvaticum; Bromopsis erecta; Bromus hordeaceus, racemosus; Calamagrostis epigeios; Dactylis glomerata; Deschampsia cespitosa; Elytrigia repens; Festuca ovina; Helictochloa pratensis; Holcus lanatus, mollis; […]

Thymelicus sylvestris parasite

Thymelicus sylvestris (Poda, 1761) small skipper on grasses parasite Larva in a rolled leaf. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Brachypodium sylvaticum; Bromus hordeaceus; Calamagrostis arundinacea, epigeios; Dactylis glomerata; Deschampsia cespitosa; Molinia caerulea; Holcus lanatus, mollis; Phalaroides arundinacea; Phleum pratense; Piptatherum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Baquero, Moraza, Ariño & Jordana […]

Thymelicus parasite

Hesperiinae parasite

Heteropterus morpheus parasite

Heteropterus morpheus (Pallas, 1771) large chequered skipper on Molinia, etc. parasite Larva in a rolled leaf. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Brachypodium sylvaticum; Calamagrostis canescens, epigeios; Molinia caerulea; Phalaroides arundinacea. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021).

Heteropterus parasite

Carterocephalus palaemon parasite

Carterocephalus palaemon (Pallas, 1771) chequered skipper on grasses parasite Larvae in a rolled leaf. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Alopecurus pratensis; Arrhenatherum elatius. Brachypodium pinnatum, sylvaticum; Bromopsis erecta; Calamagrostis canescens, epigeios, villosa; Cynosurus cristatus; Dactylis glomerata; Elytrigia repens; Holcus lanatus; Milium effusum; Molinia arundinacea, caerulea; Phalaroides arundinacea; Phleum pratense; Phragmites australis; Poa trivialis; Schedonorus giganteus, pratensis. […]

Carterocephalus parasite

Heteropterinae parasite

Muschampia proto parasite

Muschampia proto (Ochsenheimer, 1808) sage skipper on Phlomis parasite Larvae among folded leaves. host plants Lamiaceae, monophagous Phlomis fruticosa, herba-venti, lychnitis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). synonyms Sloperia proto. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Koren, Martinović & Dender (2020a), Lepiforum (2021).

Muschampia parasite

Spialia therapne parasite

Spialia therapne (Rambur, 1832) corsican red-underwing skipper on Sanguisorba parasite Larvae among spun leaves. host plants Rosaceae, monophagous Sanguisorba minor. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021).

Carcharodus floccifera parasite

Carcharodus floccifera (Zeller, 1847) tufted marbled skipper on Stachys parasite Larvae in a folded leaf. host plants Lamiaceae, monophagous Stachys officinalis, pradica, recta, sylvestris. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Carcharodus floccifer, flocciferus; Muschampia floccifera. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021).

Carcharodus baeticus parasite

Carcharodus baeticus (Rambur, 1839) southern marbled skipper on Ballota, Marrubium parasite Larvae in a folded leaf. host plants Lamiaceae, oligophagous Ballota hirsuta, nigra & subsp. foetida; Marrubium vulgare. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Muschampia baeticus. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021), Monasterio León, Escobés Jiménez, Robres Cabezón […]

Carcharodus lavatherae parasite

Carcharodus lavatherae (Esper, 1783) marbled skipper on Stachys parasite Larvae in a folded leaf. host plants Lamiaceae, monophagous Stachys recta. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Muschampia lavatherae. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021), Soldano (2015a).

Carcharodus alceae parasite

Carcharodus alceae (Esper, 1780) mallow skipper on Malva, etc. parasite Larvae in a folded leaf segment; in larger leaves a segment is cut loose. host plants Malvaceae, oligophagous Abutilon theophrasti; Alcea rosea, setosa; Althaea officinalis; Hibiscus; Malva alcea, moschata, neglecta, sylvestria, thuringiaca; Malvella sherardiana. It has been found in Israel that the larve can successfully […]

Carcharodus parasite

Earias vernana parasite

Earias vernana (Fabricius, 1787) on Populus parasite Larvae among spun leaves. host plants Salicaceae, monophagous Populus alba. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Lepiforum (2021), Tuinstra (2011a).

Earias parasite

Sarrothripini parasite

Chloephorinae parasite

Nolidae parasite

Pyrgus cacaliae parasite

Pyrgus cacaliae (Wallengren, 1853) dusky grizzled skipper on Geum, Potentilla parasite Larvae among folded leaves. host plants Rosaceae, oligophagous Geum montanum; Potentilla aurea, crantzii, erecta. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Hernández-Roldán ao. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Hernández-Roldán, Vicente & Munguira (2011a), Lepiforum (2021), Wagner (2006a).

Pyrgus andromedae parasite

Pyrgus andromedae (Wallengren, 1853) alpine grizzled skipper on Dryas parasite Larvae between folded leaves. host plants Rosaceae, monophagous Dryas octopetala. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Dincă, Székely, Kovács, ao (2008a), Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021), Shtinkov & Kolev (2014a), Wagner (2006a).

Pyrgus sidae parasite

Pyrgus sidae (Esper, 1784) yellow-banded skipper on Potentilla parasite Larvae between folded leaves. host plants Rosaceae, monophagous Potentilla hirta, recta. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Hernández-Roldán, Munguira & Martín (2009a), Lepiforum (2021), Wagner (2006a).

Pyrgus carthami parasite

Pyrgus carthami (Hübner, 1813) safflower skipper on Potentilla parasite Larvae among folded leaves. host plants Rosaceae, monophagous Potentilla cinere, hirta, pusilla, tabernaemontani. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021), Wagner (2006a).

Pyrgus onopordi parasite

Pyrgus onopordi (Rambur, 1839) rosy grizzled skipper on Helianthemum, Malva, Potentilla parasite Larvae among folded leaves. host plants polyphagous Helianthemum apenninum, hirtum; Malva neglecta, parviflora; Potentilla hirta, pusilla, reptans. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021), Wagner (2006a, 2009a).

Pyrgus cirsii parasite

Pyrgus cirsii (Rambur, 1839) cinquefoil skipper on Potentilla parasite Larvae among folded leaves. host plants Rosaceae, monophagous Potentilla cinerea, hirta, incana,pusilla, reptansm tabernaemontani. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021), Wagner (2006a).

Pyrgus carlinae parasite

Pyrgus carlinae (Rambur, 1839) carline skipper on Potentilla parasite Larvae among loosely spun leaves. host plants Rosaceae, monophagous Potentilla grandiflora, pusilla, tabernaemontani. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021), Wagner (2006a).

Pyrgus serratulae parasite

Pyrgus serratulae (Rambur, 1839) olive skipper on Potentilla, etc. parasite Larvae along loosely spun leaves. host plants Rosaceae, oligophagous Geum montanum, reptans; Potentilla aurea, crantzii, heptaphylla, hirta, pusilla, recta, reptans, tabernaemontani; Sibbaldia procumbens. ? Also, occasionally Helianthemum nummularium (Cistaceae). distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet […]

Pyrgus bellieri parasite

Pyrgus bellieri (Oberthür, 1910) Foulquier’s grizzled skipper on Helianthemum parasite Larvae a ong loosely spun leaves. host plants Cistaceae, monophagous Helianthemum hirtum, nummularium subsp. grandiflorum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021), Wagner (2006a).

Pyrgus warrenensis parasite

Pyrgus warrenensis (Verity, 1928) Warren’s skipper on Helianthemum parasite Larvae among loosely spun leaves. host plants Cistaceae, monophagous Helianthemum alpestre, nummularium subsp. grandiflorum, oelandicum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021), Wagner (2006a).

Pyrgus alveus parasite

Pyrgus alveus (Hübner, 1803) large grizzled skipper on Helianthemum, Potentilla parasite Larvae among loosely folded leaves. host plants polyphagous Helianthemum nummularium & subsp. grandiflorum; Potentilla argentea, erecta, pusilla, reptans. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). synonyms Pyrgus accretus (Verity, 1925). references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021), Wagner (2006a).

Pyrgus armoricanus parasite

Pyrgus armoricanus (Oberthür, 1910) Oberthür’s grizzled skipper on Potentilla, etc. parasite Larvae among loosely folded leaves. host plants Rosacae, oligophagous Agrimonia eupatoria; Filipendula ulmaria, vulgaris; Fragaria vesca; Potentilla argentea, crantzii, erecta, hirta, icana, pedata, pusilla, recta, reptans, sterilis. But also Helianthemum nummularium & subsp. obscurum (Cistaceae). distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see […]

Pyrgus malvoides parasite

Pyrgus malvoides (Elwes & Edwards, 1897) southern grizzled skipper on Potentilla, etc. parasite Larvae among loosely folded the leaves. host plants Rosaceae, oligophagous Agrimonia eupatoria; Alchemilla hybrida; Drymocallis rupestris; Filipendula vulgaris; Fragaria vesca; Geum montanum; Potentilla argentea, aurea, erecta, grandiflora, hirta, pensylvanica, pusilla, recta, reptans, tabernaemontani; Rubus caesius, idaeus, ulmifolius; Sanguisorba minor. distribution within Europe […]

Pyrgus malvae parasite

Pyrgus malvae (Linnaeus, 1758) grizzled skipper on Potentilla, etc. parasite Larvae among loosely folded leaves. host plants Rosaceae, oligophagous Agrimonia eupatoria; Argentina anserina; Comarum palustre; Filipendula ulmaria; Fragaria ananassa, moschata, vesca, viridis; Geum urbanum; Potentilla anglica, erecta, heptaphylla, incana, pusilla, recta, reptans, sterilis, tabernaemontani; Rubus caesius, canescens, fruticosus; idaeus, saxatilis; Sanguisorba minor. distribution within Europe […]

Pyrgus parasite

Erynnis tages parasite

Erynnis tages (Linnaeus, 1758) dingy skipper on Lotus, etc. parasite Larvae among loosely folded leaves. host plants Fabaceae, oligophagous Coronilla valentina subsp. glauca; Hippocrepis comosa, emerus; Lotus angustissimus, corniculatus, maritimus, pedunculatus; Medicago; Securigera varia. Baquero ao also mention Eryngium campestre (Apiaceae)! distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Baquero, Moraza, Ariño […]

Erynnis parasite

Pyrginae parasite

Zygaena rhadamanthus parasite

Zygaena rhadamanthus (Esper, 1789) on Dorycnium parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Dorycnium pentaphyllum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021).

Zygaena lavandulae parasite

Zygaena lavandulae (Esper, 1783) on Dorycnium parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Dorycnium pentaphyllum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021).

Zygaena romeo parasite

Zygaena romeo Duponchel, 1835 on Vicia parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Vicia cracca. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a).

Zygaena osterodensis parasite

Zygaena osterodensis Reiss, 1921 on Vicia, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, oligophagous Lathyrus pratensis; Vicia cracca. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021).

Zygaena trifolii parasite

Zygaena trifolii (Esper, 1783) five-spot burnet on Lotus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Lotus corniculatus, pedunculatus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Almekinders & van Kuik (2013a), Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021).

Zygaena loti parasite

Zygaena loti (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) slender scotch burbet on Hippocrepis, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, oligophagous Hippocrepis comosa. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021).

Zygaena exulans parasite

Zygaena exulans (Hohenwarth, 1792) on herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fabaceaee, oligofaag Anthyllis vulneraria; Lotus corniculatus; Onobrychis viciifolia. That the species were polyphagous is doubted by Reiß. This applies to the find of larva on Dryas octopetala. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges […]

Zygaena occitanica parasite

Zygaena occitanica (de Villers, 1789) on Dorycnium parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, oligophagous Dorycnium pentaphyllum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a).

Zygaena hilaris parasite

Zygaena hilaris Ochsenheimer, 1808 on Ononis parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Ononis natrix. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a).

Zygaena fausta parasite

Zygaena fausta (Linnaeus, 1767) on Coronilla parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Coronilla coronata, juncea, minima, vaginalis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Gascoigne-Pees (2012a), Lepiforum (2021), Reiß (1967b).

Zygaena contaminei parasite

Zygaena contaminei Boisduval, 1834 on Eryngium parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Apiaceae, monophagous Eryngium bourgatii. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a).

Zygaena corsica parasite

Zygaena corsica Boisduval, 1828 on Plagius, Santolina parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Asteraceae, oligophagous Plagius flosculosus; Santolina chamaecyparissus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021).

Zygaena brizae parasite

Zygaena brizae (Esper, 1800) on Cirsium parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Cirsium eriophorum, tuberosun. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). larva see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a, Lepiforum (2021).

Zygaena cynarae parasite

Zygaena cynarae (Esper, 1789 on Peucedanum parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Apiaceae, monophagous Peucedanum cervaria. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021).

Zygaena minos parasite

Zygaena minos (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) on Pimpinella, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Apiaceae, oligophagous Eryngium campestre; Falcaria vulgaris; Pimpinella saxifraga. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021).

Zygaena purpuralis parasite

Zygaena purpuralis (Brünnich, 1763) transparent burnet on Thymus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Lamiaceae, monophagous Thymus serpyllum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021).

Adscita alpina parasite

Adscita alpina (Alberti, 1937) on Rumex parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Polygonaceae, monophagous Rumex scutatus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a).

Zygaena sarpedon parasite

Zygaena sarpedon (Hübner, 1790) on Eryngium parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Apiaceae, monophagous Eryngium bourgatii, ? diuriae. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Fernández Vidal (2018b).

Lycophotia molothina parasite

Lycophotia molothina (Esper, 1789) on Calluna, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Ericaceae, monophagous Calluna vulgaris. phenology Univoltine; hibernation as larva. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Gelbrecht, Rosenbauer, Seiger & Sobczyk (2000a), Lepiforum (2021), Pérez De-Gregorio, Requena Miret & Rondós Casas (2013a).

Lycophotia parasite

Noctuina parasite

Noctuini parasite

Jordanita hispanica parasite

Jordanita hispanica (Alberti, 1937) on thistles mine Not described. host plants Asteraceae, oligophagous Carthamus; Centaurea ornata, paniculata; Echinops. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Efetov & Tarmann. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Efetov & Tarmann (2020b), Fernández-Rubio (1995a).

Rhagades predotae parasite

Rhagades predotae (Naufock, 1931) on Prunus, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Rosaceae, oligophagous Crataegus; Prunus ramburii, spinosa; Pyrus bourgaeana. egg, larva, pupa see Efetov & Tarmann, Murria Beltrán. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Efetov & Tarmann (2020a), Fernández-Rubio (1995a), Murria Beltrán (2007a), Tarmann (1983b).

Theresimima ampellophaga parasite

Theresimima ampellophaga Theresimima ampellophaga european grapeleaf skeletonizer, vine bud moth on Parthenocissus, Vitis parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Vitaceae, oligophagous Parthenocissus quinquefolia; Vitis vinifera. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Theresimima ampelophaga. references Lepiforum (2021), Tarmann (1983a, 1998a).

Theresimima parasite

Rhagades amasina parasite

Rhagades amasina (Herrich-Schäffer, 1852) on Prunus, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Rosaceae, oligophagous Prunus spinosa. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Tarmann (1983b). references Tarmann (1983a,b).

Aglaope infausta parasite

Aglaope infausta (Linnaeus, 1767) on Prunus, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Rosaceae, oligophagous Amelanchier ovalis; Crataegus monogyna; Malus domestica; Prunus armeniaca, avium, domestica, dulcis, mahaleb, persica, spinosa; Pyrus communis; Sorbus aria. Occasionally Rhamnus cathartica distribution within Europe PESI (2021). larva, pupa see Fänger & Naumann; pictures in Drouet, Lambert, Lepiforum. notes […]

Aglaope parasite

Aglaopini parasite

Chalcosiinae parasite

Zygaena laeta parasite

Zygaena laeta (Hübner, 1790) bloodword burnet on Eryngium parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Apiaceae, monophagous Eryngium campestre. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Lepiforum (2021), Micevski, Nahirnić & Beshkov (2018a).

Adscita obscura parasite

Adscita obscura (Zeller, 1857) on kruiden parasite Larvae freely on the leaves; probably the earliest stage lives as leaf miners. host plants polyphagous Dorycnium pentaphyllum; Helianthemum canum; ? Lotus corniculatus; Sanguisorba minor. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Guenin (2019a), Nahirnić, Beshkov & Kaynarov (2019a), Tarmann (1983a).

Adscita schmidti parasite

Adscita schmidti (Naufock, 1933) on herbs parasite First-instar larvae are leaf miners; later freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Cistus; Geranium; Helianthemum; Rumex. phenology Univoltine; hibernation als half-grown larva. references Fernández-Rubio (1995a).

Adscita bolivari parasite

Adscita bolivari (Agenjo, 1937) on herbs parasite First-instar larvae are leaf miners; later freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Cistus; Geranium; Helianthemum; Rumex. phenology Univoltine; hibernation als half-grown larva. references Fernández-Rubio (1995a).

Adscita jordani parasite

Adscita jordani (Naufock, 1921) on Helianthemum parasite Larvae in their first instar live as leaf miners; later freely on the leaves. host plants Cistaceae, monophagous Helianthemum. phenology Univoltine; hibernation as immature larva. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Fernández-Rubio (1995a).

Rhagades pruni parasite

Rhagades pruni (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) green forester on woody anguisperms parasite Firs-instar larvae are leaf miners; later freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Calluna vulgaris; Crataegus; Fagus; Prunus spinosa; Quercus; Vaccinium myrtillus, oxycoccos, uliginosum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Fernández-Rubio (1995a), Lepiforum (2021).

Rhagades parasite

Adscita albanica parasite

Adscita albanica (Naufock, 1926) on Geranium parasite Larvae in their first instar are leaf miners; later freely on the leaves. host plants Geraniaceae, monophagous Geranium columbinum, sanguineum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). larva see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Efetov & Tarmann (2014a), Lepiforum (2021).

Adscita dujardini parasite

Adscita dujardini Efetov & Tarmann, 2014 on Geranium parasite Larvae in their first instar live as miners, subsequently freely on the leaves. host plants Geraniaceae, monophagous Geranium sanguineum. distribution within Europe Italy and adjacent parts of the Alps. larva see Efetov & Tarmann, Guenin. references Efetov & Tarmann (2014a), Guenin (2011a).

Zygaena lonicerae parasite

Zygaena lonicerae (Scheven, 1777) narrow-bordered five-spot burnet on Lotus, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, oligophagous Lathyrus; Lotus; Trifolium medium. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Jakšić, Tarmann & Nahirnić (2019a), Lepiforum (2021).

Zygaena ephialtes parasite

Zygaena ephialtes (Linnaeus, 1767) on Securigera parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Securigera varia. Occasionally also Hippocrepis emerus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Horák (2013a), Jakšić, Tarmann & Nahirnić (2019a), Lepiforum (2021), Macé (2013a), Murria Beltrán (2007a).

Zygaena viciae parasite

Zygaena viciae (Denis & Schiffermüller,1775) on Lathyrus, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, oligophagous Lathyrus pratensis; Vicia cracca. Oviposition also observed on Solidago canadensis (Lwpiforum). distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Jakšić, Tarmann & Nahirnić (2019a), Lepiforum (2021).

Zygaena carniolica parasite

Zygaena carniolica (Scopoli, 1763) on Onobrychis parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Onobrychis viciifoloia. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Jakšić, Tarmann & Nahirnić (2019a), Lepiforum (2021).

Zygaena punctum parasite

Zygaena punctum Ochsenheimer, 1808 on Eryngium parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Apiaceae, monophagous Eryngium amethystinum, campestre. Fazekas additionally mentions Centaurea (Asteraceae). phenology Univoltine. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Fazekas (2009e), Jakšić & Nahirnić-Beshkova (2020a), Jakšić, Tarmann & Nahirnić (2019a), Lepiforum (2021), Micevski, Nahirnić & Beshkov (2018a).

Adscita mannii parasite

Adscita mannii (Lederer, 1853) on Cistus, Helianthemum parasite Yong arvae mine initially, later freely on the leaves. host plants Cistaceae, oligophagous Cistus; Helianthemum nummularium. phenology Univoltine. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Fernández-Rubio (1995a), Jakšić, Tarmann & Nahirnić (2019a).

Hemaris tityus parasite

Hemaris tityus (Linnaeus, 1758) narrow-bordered bee hawk-moth on Scabiosa, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Caprifoliaceae, monophagous Dipsacus; Knautia arvensis; Scabiosa turolensis; Succisa pratensis. Less often, possibly only occasionally Allium; Galium verum; Lonicera xylosteum; Salvia; Silene; Symphoricarpos albus phenology Univoltine; hibernation as pupa. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see […]

Spermosporina aricola parasite

Spermosporina aricola Braun, 1993 on Arum Arum maculatum, Belgium, prov. Limbourg, Maasmechelen, Maaswinkel, 9.iv.2021 © Carina Van Steenwinkel infected leaf, underside detail of a leaf spot (underside); in the centre a stroma, on top of which conidia are formed section through the stroma with conidiogenous cells conidia conidia: 0-1 septate, 3-5 x 8-22 µm host […]

Spermosporina parasite

Sphinx maurorum parasite

Sphinx maurorum (Jordan, 1931) on Pinus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Pinaceae, monophagous ? Picea; Pinus halepensis, pinaster, sylvestris. References to other genera than Pinus are dubious (Haxaire). phenology Hibernation as pupa distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Haxaire, Lepiforum. references Haxaire (2009a), Lepiforum (2021), Oger (2011a).

Theretra alecto parasite

Theretra alecto (Linneaus, 1758) levant hawk moth on Vitis, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Vitaceae, oligophagous Parthenocissus; Vitis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Akkuzu, Ayberk & Inac (2007a), Lepiforum (2021).

Theretra parasite

Sphingonaepiopsis gorgoniades parasite

Sphingonaepiopsis gorgoniades (Hubner, 1819) gorbon hawk moth on Galium parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Rubiaceae, monophagous Galium verum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Sphingonepiopsis gorgoniades. references Akkuzu, Ayberk & Inac (2007a), Lepiforum (2021), Schulze & Weigert (2006a).

Sphingonaepiopsis parasite

Rethera komarovi parasite

Rethera komarovi (Christoph, 1885) madder hawk moth on Rubia, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Rubiaceae, oligophagous Galium; Rubia. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Pittaway. references Akkuzu, Ayberk & Inac (2007a), Pittaway (1979a).

Rethera parasite

Proserpinus proserpina parasite

Proserpinus proserpina (Pallas, 1772) willowherb hawk-moth on Epilobium, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Onagraceae, oligophagous Chamerion angustifolium; Epilobium dodonaei, hirsutum, montanum, palustre; Oenothera biennis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Adolph, Kortstock, Niehoff & Schweitzer (2019a), Akkuzu, Ayberk & Inac (2007a) , Eis & Mitterer (2019a), […]

Proserpinus parasite

Macroglossum stellatarum parasite

Macroglossum stellatarum (Linnaeus, 1758) humming-bird hawk moth, conach foluana on Galium, Rubia parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Rubiaceae, oligophagous Galium aparine, mollugo, odoratum, verum; Rubia peregrina, tinctorum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Aarvik, Karsholt, Larsen & Schnack (1988a), Akkuzu, Ayberk & Inac (2007a), Corley (2005a), Lepiforum […]

Macroglossum parasite

Hyles zygophylli parasite

Hyles zygophylli (Ochsenheimer, 1808) bean-caper hawk moth on Zygophyllum parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Zygophyllaceae, monophagous Zygophyllum fabago. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Akkuzu, Ayberk & Inac (2007a).

Hyles nicaea parasite

Hyles nicaea (de Prunner, 1798) greater spurge hawk moth, mediterranean hawk moth on Euphorbia parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Euphorbiaceae, monophagous Euphorbia characias, nicaeensis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Akkuzu, Ayberk & Inac (2007a), Lepiforum (2021).

Hyles livornica parasite

Hyles livornica (Esper, 1780) striped hawk moth on kruiden parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Asphodelus; Polygonum; Rumex maritimus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Akkuzu, Ayberk & Inac (2007a), Lepiforum (2021), Meerman (1987a).

Hyles hippophaes parasite

Hyles hippophaes (Esper, 1793) seathorn hawk moth on Elaeagnus, Hippophae parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Elaeagnaceae, oligophagous Elaeagnus angustifolia; Hippophae rhamnoides. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Akkuzu, Ayberk & Inac (2007a), Beshkov (1998a), Lepiforum (2021), Pittaway (1982b), Righini & Bendazzi (2000a), Sáfián & Hadarics (2005a).

Hyles gallii parasite

Hyles gallii (Rottemburg, 1775) bedstraw hawk moth on Chamerion, Epilobium, Galium parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Chamerion angustifolium; Epilobium parviflorum; Galium mollugo. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum references Akkuzu, Ayberk & Inac (2007a), Lepiforum (2021), Meerman (1987a).

Hyles euphorbiae parasite

Hyles euphorbiae (Linnaeus, 1758) spurge hawk moth on Euphorbia parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Euphorbiaceae, ? oligophagous Euphorbia amygdaloides, biumbellata, characias, cyparissias, dendroides, esula; ? Mercurialis annua. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum, Milbrandt. references Akkuzu, Ayberk & Inac (2007a),Lepiforum (2021), Meerman (1987a), Milbrandt (2019a).

Hyles centralasiae parasite

Hyles centralasiae (Staudinger, 1887) foxtail-lily hawk moth on Eremurus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Xanthorrhoeaceae, monophagous Eremurus inderiensis. distribution within Europe Turkey. references Akkuzu, Ayberk & Inac (2007a).

Hippotion celerio parasite

Hippotion celerio (Linnaeus, 1758) silver-striped / vine / taro hawk moth on herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Colocasia esculenta; Daucus; Epilobium; Fuchsia; Galium verum; Impatiens; Linaria; Lonicera; Parthenocissus; Rumex vesicarius; Vitis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Akkuzu, Ayberk & Inac (2007a), Lepiforum (2021), Meerman […]

Hippotion parasite

Deilephila porcellus parasite

Deilephila porcellus (Linnaeus, 1758) small elephant hawk moth on Galium parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Rubiaceae, monophagous Galium verum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Akkuzu, Ayberk & Inac (2007a), Lepiforum (2021), Meerman (1987a).

Deilephila elpenor parasite

Deilephila elpenor (Linnaeus, 1758) large elephant hawk moth on Chamerion, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous, mainly Onagraceae Calla palustris; Chamerion angustifolium; Clarkia; Epilobium hirsutum, palustre; Fuchsia; Galium mollugo, verum; Impatiens glandulifera; Menyanthes; Parthenocissus; Vitis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Akkuzu, Ayberk & Inac (2007a), […]

Deilephila parasite

Daphnis nerii parasite

Daphnis nerii (Linnaeus, 1758) oleander hawk moth on Nerium, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Apocynaceae, oligophagous Acokanthera; Nerium oleander; Vinca. Also Gardenia (Rutaceae). distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Leong & D’Rozario, Lepiforum. references Akkuzu, Ayberk & Inac (2007a), Leong & D’Rozario (2009a), Lepiforum (2021), Meerman (1987a), Truyols-Henares, […]

Daphnis parasite

Macroglossina parasite

Clarina kotschyi parasite

Clarina kotschyi (Kollar, 1849) grapevine hawk moth on Vitis, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Vitaceae, oligophagous Ampelopsis; Parthenocissus; Vitis vinifera. distribution within Europe Turkey. ei, larva, pupa see Pittaway. references Akkuzu, Ayberk & Inac (2007a), Pittaway (1982a).

Clarina parasite

Hemaris fuciformis parasite

Hemaris fuciformis (Linnaeus, 1758) broad-bordered bee hawk-moth on Lonicera, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Caprifoliaceae, oligophagous Knautia arvensis; Lonicera alpigena, caerulea, caprifolium, nigra, periclymenum, tatarica, xylosteum; Symphoricarpos albus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Akkuzu, Ayberk & Inac (2007a), Lepiforum (2021), Meerman (1987a), Wirooks & Theissen […]

Hemaris dentata parasite

Hemaris dentata (Staudinger, 1887) anatolian bee hawk-moth on Cephalaria parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Caprifoliaceae, monophagous Cephalaria. distribution within Europe Turkey. references Akkuzu, Ayberk & Inac (2007a).

Hemaris croatica parasite

Hemaris croatica (Esper, 1800) olive bee hawk-moth on Scabiosa, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Caprifoliaceae, oligophagous Cephalaria; Scabiosa. ? Also Asperula (Rubiaceae). phenology Bivoltine; hibernation as pupa. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Akkuzu, Ayberk & Inac (2007a), Koren, Bjelić, Perović, ao (2011a), Lepiforum (2021), Nardi […]

Hemaris parasite

Hemarina parasite

Dilophonotini parasite

Agrius convolvuli parasite

Agrius convolvuli (Linnaeus, 1758) convolvulus hawk-moth, sweet potato hornworm parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous, mainly Convolvulaceae Calystegia sepium; Capsicum; Convolvulus arvensis; Impatiens; Ipomoea batatas; Lycopersicon esculentum; Persicaria; Phlox; Rumex. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Akkuzu, Ayberk & Inac (2007a), Lepiforum (2021), Vegliante & Zilli (2007a.

Agrius parasite

Acherontia atropos parasite

Acherontia atropos (Linnaeus, 1758) dearh’s head hawk-moth on Solanum, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous, mainly Solanaceae Atropa bella-donna; Beta vulgaris; Buddleja; Cannabis sativa; Clerodendrum; Cucumis; Datura innoxia, stramonium; Euonymus europaeus; Fraxinus; Ligustrum; Lycium; Malus domestica; Nerium; Nicotiana alata, glauca; Olea europaea; Phaseolus; Philadelphus; Physalis angulata; Pyrus communis; Sambucus;Sesamum indicum; Solanum […]

Acherontia parasite

Acherontiini parasite

Sphinx pinastri parasite

Sphinx pinastri (Linnaeus, 1758) pine hawk-moth on Pinus, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Pinaceae, oligophagous Larix decidua, kaempferi, sibirica; Picea abies; Pinus ba nksiana, cembra, nigra, strobus, sylvestris; Pseudotsuga menziesii. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Akkuzu, Ayberk & Inac (2007a), Lepiforum (2021), Meerman (1987a).

Sphinx ligustri parasite

Sphinx ligustri (Linnaeus, 1758) privet hawk-moth on woody dicotyledons parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous, mainly Oleaceae and Rosaceae Aruncus dioicus; Forsythia; Fraxinus excelsior; Ligustrum; Lonicera; Malus domestica; Ribes; Rubus idaeus; Sorbaria sorbifolia; Spiraea; Symphoricarpos orbiculatus; Syringa; Viburnum opulus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Akkuzu, Ayberk […]

Sphingini parasite

Sphinx parasite

Akbesia davidi parasite

Akbesia davidi (Oberthur, 1884) David’s hawk-moth on Pistacia parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Anacardiaceae, monophagous Pistacia atlantica, terebinthus subsp. palaestina. Possibly also Cotinus coggygria; Rhus coriaria. distribution within Europe Turkey. ei, larva, pupa see de Freina & Geck. references Akkuzu, Ayberk & Inac (2007a), de Freina & Geck (2003a).

Akbesia parasite

Ambulycini parasite

Dolbina elegans parasite

Dolbina elegans Bang-Haas, 1912 ash hawk-moth on Fraxinus, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Oleaceae, oligophagous Fraxinus; Olea; Phillyrea; Syringa. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Akkuzu, Ayberk & Inac (2007a).

Dolbina parasite

Sphingulini parasite

Smerinthus ocellata parasite

Smerinthus ocellata (Linnaeus, 1758) eyed hawk-moth on broadleaved trees parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous, mainly Salicaceae Populus alba, x canadensis, nigra; Prunus padus; Salix alba, aurita, caprea, cinerea, x fragilis, purpurea, repens, triandra, viminalis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Pelzer; pictures on Lepiforum synonyms Smerinthus ocellatus. references […]

Smerinthus kindermannii parasite

Smerinthus kindermannii Lederer, 1853 southern eyed hawk-moth on Salix parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Salicaceae, monophagous Salix. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Pelzer. references Akkuzu, Ayberk & Inac (2007a), Pelzer (1998a).

Smerinthus parasite

Mimas tiliae parasite

Mimas tiliae (Linnaeus, 1758) lime hawk-moth on lime, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Alnus; Betula; Prunus; Tilia tomentosa; Ulmus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa pictures on Lepiforum. references Adolph, Kortstock, Niehoff & Schweitzer (2019a), Akkuzu, Ayberk & Inac (2007a), Lepiforum (2021), Meerman (1987a).

Mimas parasite

Marumba quercus parasite

Marumba quercus (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) oak hawk-moth on Quercus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fagaceae, monophagous Quercus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa pictures on Lepiforum references Akkuzu, Ayberk & Inac (2007a), Lepiforum (2021).

Marumba parasite

Laothoe populi parasite

Laothoe populi (Linnaeus, 1758) poplar hawk moth on Populus, Salix parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Salicaceae, oligophagous Populus alba, nigra, tremula; Salix alba, aurita, babylonica, caprea, purpurea, triandra, viminalis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references Akkuzu, Ayberk & Inac (2007a), Lepiforum (2021), Meerman (1987a), Vegliante & Zilli […]

Laothoe parasite

Smerinthini parasite

Smerinthinae parasite

Hyles vespertilio parasite

Hyles vespertilio (Esper, 1790) on Epilobium parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Onagraceae, monophagous Epilobium dodonaei, flescheri. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). larva, pupa described by Sáfián a.o.; pictures on Lepiforum. references Akkuzu, Ayberk & Inac (2007a), Eis & Mitterer (2019a), Lepiforum (2021), Sáfián & Hadarics (2005a).

Hyles parasite

Choerocampina parasite

Macroglossini parasite

Macroglossinae parasite

Sphingidae parasite

Bombycoidea parasite

Chazara briseis parasite

Chazara briseis (Linnaeus, 1764) hermit on grasses parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Bromopsis erecta; Festuca. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Eis & Mitterer (2019a).

Chazara parasite

Satyrini parasite

Satyrinae parasite

Charaxes jasius parasite

Charaxes jasius (Linneus, 1767) two-tailed pasha on Arbutus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Ericaceae, monophagous Arbutus andrachne, unedo. Occasionally other shrubs (Bury). phenology Bivoltine; hibernation as larva. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum references Bury (0000a), Cancela & Vasconcelos (2019a), Döring & Hoffmann (2004), Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & […]

Charaxes parasite

Charaxini parasite

Charaxinae parasite

Colias palaeno parasite

Colias palaeno (Linnaeus, 1761) moorland clouded yellow on Vaccinium parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Ericaceae, monophagous Vaccinium uliginosum. phenology Univoltine; hibernation as full-grown larva. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum references Dapkus & Švitra (0000a), Döring & Hoffmann (2004), Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021).

Colias parasite

Coliadini parasite

Coliadinae parasite

Pontia glauconome parasite

Pontia glauconome Klug, 1829 on Reseda parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Resedaceae, monophagous Reseda aucheri. distribution within Europe Turkey. references Joh, Başbay, Seve & Kaymaz (2020a).

Pontia parasite

Pierini parasite

Pierinae parasite

Pieridae parasite

Libythea celtis parasite

Libythea celtis (Laicharting, 1782) nettle tree butterfly on Celtis parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Cannabaceae, monophagous Celtis australis, occidentalis, planchoniana, tourneflortii. The observation by Toper Kaygin ao of a development on Alnus glutinosa (Betulaceae) must be exceptional. phenology Hibernation as imago. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). ei, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. references […]

Libythea parasite

Libytheinae parasite

Nymphalidae parasite

Rhopalocera parasite

Anania verbascalis parasite

Anania verbascalis (Denis & Schiffermuller, 1775) golden pearl on Teucrium parasite Larvae in a web below the the leaves. host plants Lamiaceae, oligophagous Teucrium chamaedrys, scorodonia. The host plant status of Scrophularia; Verbascum (Scrophulariaceae) is uncertain. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). larva, pupa see Patočka, Patočka & Turčáni; pictures on Lepiforum. references Fiumi (2018a), Lepiforum […]

Sclerocona acutella parasite

Sclerocona acutella (Eversmann, 1842) streaked orange moth on Phragmites host plants Poaceae, monophagous Phragmites australis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). synonyms Sclerocona acutellus. references Fiumi (2018a), Triberti, Longo Turri, Adami & Zanetti (2017a).

Sclerocona parasite

Ecpyrrhorrhoe rubiginalis parasite

Ecpyrrhorrhoe rubiginalis (Hübner, 1796) on Stachys, etc. parasite Larvae in a web below the leaves. host plants Lamiaceae, oligophagous Stachys officinalis; Galeopsis; Lamium; Stachys officinalis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). larva, pupa see Patočka, Patočka & Turčáni; pictures on Lepiforum references Fiumi (2018a)m Lepiforum (2021), Patočka (2001c), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a).

Udea accolalis parasite

Udea accolalis (Zeller, 1867) on Picris, etc. parasite Larvae in a web among the inflorescence. host plants Asteraceae, oligophagous Picris hieracioides; Pulicaria dysenterica; Senecio vulgaris. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Fiumi (2018a), Lepiforum (2021).

Scirpophaga praelata parasite

Scirpophaga praelata (Scopoli, 1763) on Schoenoplectus host plants Cyperaceae, monophagous Schoenoplectus lacustris. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Fiumi (2018a).

Scirpophaga parasite

Donacaula mucronella parasite

Donacaula mucronella Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) scarce water-veneer on Phragmites, etc. parasite Larvae in the culm. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Glyceria maxima; Phragmites australis. ? Also Carex. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Fiumi (2018a), Triberti, Longo Turri, ao (2017a).

Schoenobius gigantella parasite

Schoenobius gigantella (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) giant water-veneer on Phragmites parasite Larvae bore in a culm; they are able to migrate from a culm to another one. host plants Poaceae, monophagous Phragmites australis. ? Also Glyceria maxima (Fiumi). phenology The larvae hibernate twice. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Fiumi (2018a), Schütze (1931a).

Schoenobius parasite

Pediasia contaminella parasite

Pediasia contaminella (Hübner, 1796) waste grass-veneer on grasses parasite Larvae in a silken tube at the foot of the plants. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Festuca; Poa. phenology Hibernation as larva. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Baldizzone & Scalercio (2018a), Fiumi (2018a), Petersen, Friese & Rinnhofer (1973a), Wegner (2010a).

Pediasia parasite

Thisanotia chrysonuchella parasite

Thisanotia chrysonuchella (Scopoli, 1763) powdered grass-veneer on Festuca parasite Larvae in a silken tube et the foot of the culms. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Festuca ovina. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Fiumi (2018a), Petersen, Friese & Rinnhofer (1973a).

Thisanotia parasite

Agriphila geniculea parasite

Agriphila geniculea (Haworth, 1811) elbow-stripe grass-veneer on Corynephorus parasite Larvae in a silken tube. host plants Poaceae, ? monophagous Corynephorus canescens. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Fiumi (2018a), Huertas Dionisio (2007a) .

Agriphila latistria parasite

Agriphila latistria (Haworth, 1811) white-streak grass-veneer on grasses parasite Larvae in a silken tube. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Bromopsis erecta. phenology Bivoltine; hibernation as half-grown larva. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Fiumi (2018a), Vegliante & Zilli (2007a), Wegner (2010a).

Agriphila straminella parasite

Agriphila straminella (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) straw grass-veneer on Poaceae parasite Larvae in a silken tube. host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Festuca ovina. phenology Hibernation as larva. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). larva see Lepiforum references Adolph, Kortstock, Niehoff & Schweitzer (2019a), Petersen, Friese & Rinnhofer (1973a).

Agriphila parasite

Udea ferrugalis parasite

Udea ferrugalis (Hübner, 1796) rusty-dot pearl on herbs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Aster amellus; Centaurea; Cirsium; Echium vulgare; Datura stramonium; Eupatorium; Hyoscyamus albus; Lycopus; Mentha; Myrica gale; Prunus cerasifera; Stachys. phenology Bivoltine; hibernation as pupa. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). larva, pupa see Patočka, Patočka & Turčáni references Adolph, Kortstock, […]

Zygaena diaphana parasite

Zygaena diaphana Staudinger 1887 on Eryngium parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Apiaceae, monophagous Eryngium amethystinum, ? campestre. distribution within Europe Balkan Peninsula, Turkey. synonyms Zygaena minos diaphana. references Nahirnić (2019a).

Zygaena filipendulae parasite

Zygaena filipendulae (Linnaeus, 1758) six-spot burnet on Dorycnium, Lotus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, oligophagous Dorycnium; Lotus corniculatus, pedunculatus. phenology Univoltine; hibernation as larva. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Crispin & Warrington (1997a), Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a, Jakšić, Tarmann & Nahirnić (2019a), Lepiforum (2021), Zagrobelny, Dalsten & Hille […]

Zygaena angelicae parasite

Zygaena angelicae Ochsenheimer, 1808 on Coronilla, ? Securigera parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, ? monophagous Coronilla coronata; Hippocrepis comosa; ? Securigera varia. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). larva, pupa see Lepiforum synonyms Zygaena angelicae elegans Burgeff, 1913. references Jakšić, Tarmann & Nahirnić (2019a), Lepiforum (2021), Reiß (1967a).

Cryptoblabes gnidiella parasite

Cryptoblabes gnidiella (Millière, 1867) pomegranate moth, honeydew moth, christmasberry moth, citrus pyralid on shrubs parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants broadly polyphagous Citrus; Daphne gnidium; Mespilus; Punica granatum; Tamarix; Vitis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). larva, pupa pictures at Dawidowicz & Rozwałka, Lepiforum. references Dawidowicz & Rozwałka (20o16a), Lepiforum (2021), Vegliante & Zilli […]

Cryptoblabes parasite

Cryptoblabini parasite

Thyris fenestrella parasite

Thyris fenestrella (Scopoli, 1763) pygmy moth on Clematis parasite Larvae in leaves, spun into a tube; there also the pupation. host plants Ranunculaceae, monophagous Clematis vitalba. The reference by Fernández Vidal to Sambucus nigra, probably based on a larger list of “host plants” in Wikipedia (2021), in intriguing. phenology Bivoltine; hibernation as pupa. distribution within […]

Thyris parasite

Thyridinae parasite

Thyrididae parasite

Thyridoidea parasite

Grapholita molesta parasite

Grapholita molesta (Busck, 1916) oriental fruit moth, peach moth on broadleaved trees parasite Larvae bore in the shoots and fruits. host plants polyphagous, mainly on Rosaceae Diospyros kaki; Malus domestica, sylvestris; Pyrus communis & subsp. pyraster. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). larva picture on Lepiforum. references Lepiforum (2021), Vegliante & Zilli (2007a).

Cossus cossus parasite

Cossus cossus (Linnaeus, 1758) goat moth on broadleaved trees parasite Larvae bore in the wood, mainly near the base of the stem, and preferably on old trees. host plants polyphagous Alnus glutinosa, incana; Betula pendula; Cydonia oblonga; Fraxinus excelsior; Juglans regia; Malus domestica; Populus alba, x canadensis, nigra, tremula; Prunus armeniaca, avium, domestica, dulcis, persica; […]

Cossus parasite

Zygaena transalpina parasite

Zygaena transalpina (Esper, 1780) on Astragalus, etc. parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Fabaceae, oligophagous Astragalus glycyphyllos; Coronilla; Hippocrepis comosa; Lotus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). egg, larva, pupa see Lepiforum. synonyms Zygaena hippocrepidis (Hübner, 1799). references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Lepiforum (2021), Reiß (1967c), Vegliante & Zilli (2007a).

Zygaena erythrus parasite

Zygaena erythrus (Hübner, 1806) on Eryngium parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Apiaceae, monophagous Eryngium campestre. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Dupont, Luquet, Demerges & Drouet (2013a), Vegliante & Zilli (2007a).

Zygaena parasite

Procridini parasite

Procridinae parasite

Zygaeninae parasite

Endothenia hebesana parasite

Endothenia hebesana (Walker, 1863) verbena bud moth on kruiden parasite Larvae and imagines pupae in the stems. host plants polyphagous Aconitum lycoctonum subsp. septentrionale. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Aarvik, Karsholt, Larsen & Schnack (1988a).

Monochroa saltenella parasite

Monochroa saltenella (Benander, 1928) on Rumex host plants Polygonaceae, monophagous Rumex acetosa. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Aarvik, Karsholt, Larsen & Schnack (1988a), Kaitila 1996a).

Plutella haasi parasite

Plutella haasi Staudinger, 1883 arctic smudge on Arabis, Draba host plants Brassicaceae, oligophagous Arabis alpina; Draba daurica. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Aarvik, Karsholt, Larsen & Schnack (1988a).

Pullimosina pullula parasite

Pullimosina pullula (Zetterstedt, 1847) on Calamagrostis host plants Poaceae, monophagous Calamagrostis arundinacea. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Roháček (2013c).

Pullimosina parasite

Minilimosina parvula parasite

Minilimosina parvula (Stenhammar, 1855) on Brachypodium host plants Poaceae, monophagous Brachypodium pinnatum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Roháček (2013c).

Minilimosina fungicola parasite

Minilimosina fungicola (Haliday, 1836) on grasses host plants Poaceae, oligophagous Agrostis gigantea; Brachypodium pinnatum; Calamagrostis epigeios. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Roháček (2013c).

Minilimosina parasite

Elachisoma aterrimum parasite

Elachisoma aterrimum (Haliday, 1833) on Carex host plants Cyperaceae, monophagous Carex paniculata. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Roháček (2013c).

Elachisoma parasite

Apteromyia claviventris parasite

Apteromyia claviventris (Strobl, 1909) on “grasses” host plants narrowly polyphagous Agrostis gigantea; Brachypodium pinnatum; Calamagrostis arundinacea, epigeios; Carex paniculata; Schedonorus pratensis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Roháček (1983a, 2013c).

Apteromyia parasite

Limosininae parasite

Sphaeroceridae parasite

Schreckensteinia festaliella parasite

Schreckensteinia festaliella (Hübner, 1796) bramble false-feather, blackberry skeletonizer on Rubus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Rosaceae, monophagous Rubus chamaemorus, fruticosus, idaeus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). pupa see Patocka. references Corley, Nunes, Rosete, ao (2020a), Huemer (2012a), Huisman, Koster, Nieukerken & Ulenberg (2003a), Johansen & Kobro (1996a), Patocka (1997a).

Schreckensteinia parasite

Schreckensteiniidae parasite

Schreckensteinioidea parasite

Apatema mediopallidum parasite

Apatema mediopallidum Walsingham, 1900 on Artemisia host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Artemisia absinthium. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Sauter & Whitebread (2005a).

Deocloninae parasite

Apatema parasite

Oegoconiini parasite

Symmocinae parasite

Bryobia kassioticus parasite

Bryobia kassioticus Hatzinikolis & Panou 1997 on Thymbra parasite Mites freely on the leaves. host plants Lamiaceae, monophagous Thymbra capitata. distribution within Europe Greece (Kassos island). references Hatzinikolis & Panou (1997a).

Bryobia rubriocolus parasite

Bryobia rubriocolus (Scheuten, 1957) on fruit trees parasite Mites freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous Corylus colurna; Ficus carica; Juglans regia; Malus domestica, sylvestris; Prunus armeniaca, avium, cerasifera, cerasus, domestica, serotina; Pyrus communis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Carmona (1992a), Garon-Labrecque (2017a), Mathys (1957a), Mladenović, Stojnić, Vidović & Radulović (2013a), Vierbergen (1990a).

Agrilus perisi parasite

Agrilus perisi Cobos, 1996 on herbs parasite Larvae bore in the stem (root?). host plants polyphagous Artemisia herba-alba; Thymus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). synonyms Agrilus albogularis perisi. references Arnáiz-Ruiz & Bercedo-Páramo (2002a), Novak (2003b), Sánchez Sobrino & Tolosa Sánchez (2003a), Verdugo (2005a).

Cisurgus seselii parasite

Cisurgus seselii Coffin & Téocchi, 1991 on Seseli parasite Larvae in the roots. host plants Apiaceae, monophagous Seseli tortuosum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Coffin & Téocchi (1991a).

Tanymecus palliatus parasite

Tanymecus palliatus (Fabricius, 1787) beet leaf weevil on herbs parasite Young larvae bore in the root collar; later they live ectophagously at the roots. host plants polyphagous Inula britannica; Medicago sativa. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). larva, pupa see Gosik ao. references Dieckmann (1983a), Gosik, Sprick & Morris (2019a), Rheinheimer & Hassler (2010a), Rocchi & […]

Tanymecus parasite

Peritelus sphaeroides parasite

Peritelus sphaeroides Germar, 1824 on woody plants parasite Larvae at the roots. host plants polyphagous Euonymus fortunei; Prunus laurocerasus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). larva, pupa see Gosik ao. references Gosik, Sprick & Morris (2019a), Rheinheiemer & Hassler (2010a).

Peritelus parasite

Graptus triguttatus parasite

Graptus triguttatus (Fabricius, 1775) on kruiden parasite Larvae and pupae at the roots. host plants presumably polyphagous Plantago lanceolata. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). larva, pupa see Gosik ao. references Gosik, Sprick & Morris (2019a), Rheinheimer & Hassler (2010a).

Pelatea klugiana parasite

Pelatea klugiana (Freyer, 1836) on Paeonia parasite Larvae communally among a bundle spun leaves; there also the pupation. host plants Paeoniaceae, monophagous Paeonia officinalis & subsp. microcarpa. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). larva, pupa see Cama, Deutsch, Lepiforum references Cama (2012a), Deutsch (2009a), Lepiforum (2021), Nedoshivina & Zolotuhin (2005a), Trematerra & Colacci (2014a).

Pelatea parasite

Diceratura ostrinana parasite

Diceratura ostrinana (Guenée, 1845) on Dipsacus parasite Larvae in the flower heads. host plants Caprifoliaceae, monophagous Dipsacus fullonum, laciniatus. A reference to Chondrilla juncea seems unlikely. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Kovács & Kovács (2020a), Lepiforum (2021).

Cochylis defessana parasite

Cochylis defessana (Mann, 1861) on Centaurea parasite Larvae in the (? leaf) buds. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Centaurea glaberrima subsp. divergens. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). synonyms Pontoturania defessana. references Kovács & Kovács (2001a, 2020a).

Cryptocochylis conjunctana parasite

Cryptocochylis conjunctana (Mann, 1864) on Achillea parasite Larvae in the roots. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Achillea nobilis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Kovács & Kovács (2020a).

Cryptocochylis parasite

Anthaxia granatensis parasite

Anthaxia granatensis Verdugo, 2013 on Acer parasite Larvae bore below the bark. host plants Sapindaceae, monophagous Acer. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). larva see Verdugo. references Verdugo (2013b).

Otites parasite

Sphenoptera canescens parasite

Sphenoptera canescens Motschulsky, 1860 on Artemisia parasite Larvae bore in the stems or roots. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Artemisia. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Verdugo (2005a).

Sphenoptera bedeli parasite

Sphenoptera bedeli Abeille de Perrin, 1909 on Artemisia parasite Larvae bore in the base of the stem and in the thick roots. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Artemisia herba-alba. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Sánchez Sobrino & Tolosa Sánchez (2003a), Théry (1926a), Verdugo (2005a).

Pempeliella canariella parasite

Pempeliella canariella Asselbergs, 2016 on Lavandula host plants Lamiaceae, monophagous Lavandula. distribution within Europe Canary Islands. references Asselbergs (2016a).

Melieria picta parasite

Melieria picta (Meigen, 1826) on Elytrigia parasite Larvae in the culm. host plants Poaceae, monophagous Elytrigia atherica. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Smith (2010b).

Melieria cana parasite

Melieria cana (Loew, 1858) on Artemisia parasite Larvae in the srems. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Artemisia maritima. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Smit (2010b).

Melieria omissa parasite

Melieria omissa (Meigen, 1826) on Phragmites parasite Larvae in the culm. host plants Poaceae, monophagous Phragmites australis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Smit (2010b).

Melieria crassipennis parasite

Melieria crassipennis (Fabricius, 1794) on Phragmites parasite Larvae in the culm. host plants Poaceae, monophagous Phragmites australis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Smit (2010b).

Melieria parasite

Otitini parasite

Otitinae parasite

Ulidiidae parasite

Thedgonia bellocensis parasite

Thedgonia bellocensis (Massalongo & Saccardo) Braun, 1992 on Verbascum Verbascum spec., Belgium, prov. Antwerp, Mol, Leeuwerikenheide, 2.iv.2021 © Carina Van Steenwinkel: leaf spot, under the dense indumentum of the leaf upper side; not the spot’s purple edge. leaf spot, lighted from behind colony, and a leaf trichome conidia-keten conidia chain parasite Colonies on necrotic, purple-edged […]

Thedgonia parasite

Anthaxia segurensis parasite

Anthaxia segurensis Obenberger, 1924 on Pinus parasite Larvae bore below the bark. host plants Pinaceae, monophagous Pinus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Verdugo (2005a), Verdugo Páez (2002a).

Anthaxia lencinai parasite

Anthaxia lencinai Arnáiz-Ruiz & Bercedo-Páramo 2003 on ? Pinus parasite Larvae bore below the bark. host plants Pinaceae, monophagous ? Pinus. distribution within Europe Spain. references Arnáiz-Ruiz & Bercedo-Páramo (2003a), Verdugo (2005a).

Anthaxia castiliana parasite

Anthaxia castiliana Obenberger, 1914 on Pinus parasite Larvae bore below the bark. host plants Pinaceae, monophagous Pinus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Verdugo (2005a).

Anthaxia marmottani parasite

Anthaxia marmottani Brisout de Barneville, 1883 on Pinus parasite Larvae bore below the bark. host plants Pinaceae, monophagous Pinus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Verdugo (2005a), Verdugo Páez (2002a).

Anthaxia dimidiata parasite

Anthaxia dimidiata (Thunberg, 1789) on Olea parasite Larvae bore below the bark of old trees. host plants Oleaceae, monophagous Olea europaea. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references López-Pérez (2009a), Verdugo (2005a), Verdugo Páez (2002a).

Acmaeodera revelierei parasite

Acmaeodera revelierei Mulsant & Rey, 1859 on Alnus parasite Larvae bore under the bark. host plants Betulaceae, monophagous Alnus glutinosa. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Bonneau (2914a), Raingeard (2014a).

Anthaxia carpetovetonica parasite

Anthaxia carpetovetonica Sánchez Sobrino, 2014 on Cytiisus parasite Larvae and pupae in the stems. host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Cytisus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Sánchez Sobrino (2014a).

Acmaeoderella rufomarginata parasite

Acmaeoderella rufomarginata (Lucas, 1846) on Echinops parasite Larvae and and pupae in the stems. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Echinops strigosus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Verdugo (2005a, 2016b), Verdugo Páez (2002a).

Acmaeodera gaditana parasite

Acmaeodera gaditana Verdugo, 2016 on Echinops parasite Larvae bore in the stem. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Echinops strigosus. distribution within Europe Spain. references Verdugo (2016a, 2018a).

Acmaeodera prunneri parasite

Acmaeodera prunneri (Géné, 1839) on brosdlleaved trees parasite Larvae bure brelow the bark. host plants polyphagous Acer monspessulanum; Morus alba; Pistacia lentiscus; ? Rosa canina. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Calmont, Grotz & Sautière (2008a), Paulian & Chaminade (1985a).

Buprestis douei parasite

Buprestis douei Lucas, 1846 on Tamarix parasite Larvae bore below the bark. host plants Tamaricaceae, oligophagous Tamarix. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). larva see Verdugo (2005b) references Verdugo (2005a,b).

Pristiphora atlantica parasite

Pristiphora atlantica Malaise, 1939 on Rubus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Rosaceae, monophagous Rubus ulmifolius. distribution within Europe Madeira, perhaps also the western part of the Mediterranean region. synonyms Incorrectly considered a synonym of Pristiphora pallidiventris; see the discussion by Aguiar ao. references Aguiar, Cravo & Gonçalves (2017a).

Anthaxia zarazagai parasite

Anthaxia zarazagai Arnáiz-Ruiz & Bercedo-Páramo 2003 on Pinus parasite Larvae bore beleow the bark. host plants Pinaceae, monophagous ? Pinus. distribution within Europe Spain. references Arnáiz-Ruiz & Bercedo-Páramo (2003a).

Liparthrum laurivorus parasite

Liparthrum laurivorus Schedl, 1968 on Laurus parasite Larvae and imagines bore under the bark. host plants Lauraceae, monophagous Laurus nobilis. distribution within Europe Turkey. references Selmi (1987a).

Liparthrum arnoldi parasite

Liparthrum arnoldi Semenov, 1902 on Periploca parasite Larvae and imagines bore in the stems. host plants Apocynaceae, monophagous Periploca graeca. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Selmi (1987a).

Buprestis aetnensis parasite

Buprestis aetnensis Baviera & Sparacio, 2002 on Pinus parasite Larvae bore below the bark. host plants Pinaceae, monophagous Pinus nigra subsp. laricio. distribution within Europe Sicily. references Baviera & Sparacio (2002a).

Acmaeoderella normanna parasite

Acmaeoderella normanna Sparacio, 2006 on Onopordum parasite Larvae bore in the roots. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Onopordum. distribution within Europe southern Italy. references Sparacio (2006a).

Allantus enslini parasite

Allantus enslini Forsius, 1918 on Salix parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Salicaceae, monophagous Salix. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Liston, Jacobs & Turrisi (2013a).

Arge shawi parasite

Arge shawi Liston, 1992 on ? Rosa parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Rosaceae, monophagous ? Rosa. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Liston (1992a).

Platypus simulans parasite

Platypus simulans Schedl, 1941 on broadleaved trees parasite Larvae and imagines bore in the wood. host plants polyphagous Alnus; Liquidambar orientalis. distribution within Europe Turkey. references Sarıkaya (2013a).

Platypus cylindrus parasite

Platypus cylindrus Fabricius, 1792 oak pinhole borer on broadleaved trees parasite Larvae and imagines bore 1-2 mm wide tunnels in the sapwood and hardwood, especially of weakened or felled trees. Symbiotic fungi colour the wood dark. host plants polyphagous Alnus; Castanea sativa; Fagus sylvatica; Fraxinus excelsior; Juglans regia; Quercus robur, suber; Ulmus laevis, minor. phenology […]

Platypus parasite

Platypodinae parasite

Taphrorychus minor parasite

Taphrorychus minor Eggers, 1923 on Quercus parasite Larvae bore in the bark. host plants Fagaceae, monophagous Quercus ilex. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Gatti (2011a).

Cisurgus ragusae parasite

Cisurgus ragusae Reitter, 1906 on ? Euphorbia parasite Larvae bore in the stem. host plants Euphorbiaceae, monophagous ? Euphorbia dendroides. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Gatti (2011a).

Phloeotribus pubifrons parasite

Phloeotribus pubifrons (Guillebeau, 1893) on Olea parasite Larvae and adults bore below the bark. host plants Oleaceae, monophagous Olea europaea. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). synonyms Phloeophthorus pubifrons. references Gatti (2011a), Selmi (1987a).

Phloeotribus perfoliatus parasite

Phloeotribus perfoliatus (Wollaston, 1854) on Calicotome, etc. parasite Larvae bore below the bark. host plants Fabaceae, oligophagous Calicotome; Hippocrepis emerus subsp. emeroides; Laburnum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Gatti (2011a).

Acmaeoderella moroderi parasite

Acmaeoderella moroderi (Reitter, 1906) on ? Ficus parasite Larvae bore below the bark. host plants Moraceae, monophagous ? Ficus carica. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Arnáiz Ruiz & Bercedo Páramo (2005b), López-Pérez (2009a), Verdugo (2005a), Verdugo Páez (2000a).

Cylindromorphus bohemicus parasite

Cylindromorphus bohemicus Obenberger, 1933 on Elytrigia parasite Larvae bore in the culm. host plants Poaceae, monophagous Elytrigia intermedia. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Bily (2002a), Trnka (2011a).

Cylindromorphus parallelus parasite

Cylindromorphus parallelus Fairmaire, 1859 on Dactylis parasite Larvae borein the culm. host plants Poaceae, monophagous Dactylis glomerata. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Cobos (1986), Murria Beltrán & Murria Beltrán (2005a), Sánchez Sobrino & Tolosa Sánchez (2005a), Théry (1942a), Verdugo (2005a), Verdugo Páez (2002a).

Acmaeodera pulchra parasite

Acmaeodera pulchra (Fabricius, 1792) on woody angeiosperms parasite Larvae bore below the bark. host plants polyphagous Populus nigra; Punica granatum; Rubus ulmifolius; Salix. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Arnáiz Ruiz & Bercedo Páramo (2005b), Murria Beltrán & Murria Beltrán (2005a), Verdugo (2005a), Verdugo Páez (2000a, 2002a).

Julodis onopordi parasite

Julodis onopordi (Fabricius, 1787) on Retama parasite Larvae at the roots. host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Retama sphaerocarpa. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Evenou, Brustel, Vayssières & Valladares (0000a), López-Pérez (2009a), Monreal Montoya, Sánchez Pérez & Claramunt González (2005a), Murria Beltrán & Murria Beltrán (2005a), San Martín Moreno, Agoiz Bustamante & Recalde Irurzun (2001a), Verdugo […]

Julodis parasite

Julodini parasite

Julodinae parasite

Ommatissus binotatus parasite

Ommatissus binotatus Fieber, 1876 on Chamaerops parasite Oviposition in the underside of the leaves. Larvae and imagines freely on the leaves. The larvae produces large quantities of honeydew. host plants Arecaceae, monophagous Chamaerops humilis. phenology Univoltine; hibernation as egg. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). larva see Guglielmino. references Guglielmino (1997a), Huertas Dionsio (2007a).

Ommatissus parasite

Acleris boscanoides parasite

Acleris boscanoides Razowski, 1959 on Ulmus parasite Larvae among spun leaves leaves. host plants Ulmaceae, monophagous Ulmus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Karisch & Stănescu (2005a).

Lobesia quaggana parasite

Lobesia quaggana Mann, 1855 on Senecio host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Senecio. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Pinzari, Pinzari & Zilli (2006a).

Tosirips magyarus parasite

Tosirips magyarus Razowski, 1987 on Quercus host plants Fagaceae, ? monophagous Quercus robur. Most likely not the only host plant. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Fazekas (2007b), Habeler & Gomboc (2005a), Pinzari, Pinzari & Zilli (2006a).

Tosirips parasite

Cochylimorpha jucundana parasite

Cochylimorpha jucundana (Treitschke, 1835) on Artemisia host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Artemisia. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Pinzari, Pinzari & Zilli (2006a).

Phtheochroa duponchelana parasite

Phtheochroa duponchelana (Duponchel, 1843) on Acanthus host plants Acanthaceae, monophagous Acanthus mollis, spinosus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Kovács & Kovács (2020a), Pinzari, Pinzari & Zilli (2006a).

Hoplopteridius lutosus parasite

Hoplopteridius lutosus (Frivaldsky, 1835) on Crocus parasite Larvae in the tubers. host plants Iridaceae, monophagous Crocus vernus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Yücel & Coral Şahi̇n (2019a), Yunakov, Nazarenko, Filimonov & Volovnik (2018a).

Hoplopteridius parasite

Leiosomatina parasite

Septoria cymbalariae parasite

Septoria cymbalariae Saccardo & Spegazzini, 1878 on Cymbalaria Cymbalaria muralis, Arnhem, Spijkerkwartier, 25.iii.2021 © Kees van Oorde pycnidium spores; scale = 2.5 µm parasite Pycnidia 50-60 µm; conidia indistinctly septate, 1-3 x 15-35 µm. host plants Plantaginaceae, monophagous Cymbalaria muralis. references Brandenburger (1985a: 563).

Euluperus major parasite

Euluperus major Weise, 1886 on Crataegus, etc. parasite Larvae probably at the roots; adults feed in the leaves. host plants Rosaceae, oligophagous Crataegus monogyna; Prunus; Rosa canina. ? Also Ulmus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Gavrilović, Gavrilović, Ćurči, ao (2014a), Ilie (2017a).

Leiosoma apionides parasite

Leiosoma apionides (Wollaston, 1864) on Gesnouinia, etc. parasite Larvae bore probably in the base of the stem. host plants Urticaceae, oligophagous Gesnouinia arborea; Urtica morifolia. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Morris (2011a).

Leiosoma cribrum parasite

Leiosoma cribrum (Gyllenhal, 1834) on Viola parasite Larvae probably bore in the base of the stem. host plants Violaceae, monophagous Viola reichenbachiana. References to Ficaria verna; Rhododendron hirsutum probably apply to feeding by adult beetles. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Lempereur & Delbol (2015a), Pedroni (2018a), Rheinheimer & Hassler (2010a) Talamelli (1997a), Yunakov, Nazarenko, […]

Leiosoma deflexum parasite

Leiosoma deflexum (Panzer, 1795) on Anemone, etc. parasite Larvae in or at the roots. host plants Ranunculaceae, oligophagous Anemone nemorosa; Caltha palustris; Ranunculus montanus, repens. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Cunev (2013a), Lempereur & Delbol (2015a), Rheinheimer & Hassler (2010a).

Leiosoma oblongulum parasite

Leiosoma oblongulum Boheman, 1842 on Anemone, etc. parasite Larvae probably in the roots or stems. host plants Ranunculaceae, oligophagous Anemone nemorosa; Aquilegia vulgaris; Ranunculus repens. phenology distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Knutelski (1991a), Lempereur & Delbol (2015a), Rheinheimer & Hasser (2010A).

Leiosoma parasite

Lamprodila festiva parasite

Lamprodila festiva (Linnaeus, 1767) cypress borer, cypress jewel beetle on Chamaecyparis, etc. Chamaecyparis, exit holes and galleries © Tatjana Kereši. (from Kereši, 2020). larva © Tamás Németh (from Ruicănescu & Stoica) parasite Larvae bore under the bark. host plants Cupressaceae, oligophagous Chamaecyparis lawsoniana, pisifera; Cupressus dupreziana subsp. atlantica, sempervirens; Juniperus chinensis, communis, oxycedrus, phoenicea, scopulorum, […]

Taphrina gei-montani parasite

Taphrina gei-montani Bacigálová & Petrýdesová 2016 on Geum parasite Sharply delimited embossments, mialy of the leaf disk, initially pale green, later red ro brown; upper side with a layer of asci. host plants Rosaceae, nauw monophagous Geum montanum. references Petrýdesová, Kučera, Bacigálová, ao (2016a).

Agrilus gianassoi parasite

Agrilus gianassoi Magnini & Niehuis, 1994 on Pistacia parasite Larvae bore under the bark. host plants Anacardiaceae, monophagous Pistacia. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Królik (2002a), Liberto & Gigli (2003a).

Agrilus marozzini parasite

Agrilus marozzini Gobbi, 1974 on Pistacia parasite Larvae bore under the bark. host plants Anacardiaceae, monophagous Pistacia. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Królik (2002a).

Agrilus kutahyanus parasite

Agrilus kutahyanus Królik, 2002 on Viscum parasite Larvae bore under the bark. host plants Santalaceae, monophagous Viscum album subsp. austriacum. distribution within Europe Turkey. references Królik (2002a).

Dichromacalles querilhaci parasite

Dichromacalles querilhaci (Brisout de Barneville 1864) on Andryala host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Andryala integrifolia. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Stüben (2014a), Stüben, Schütte & Astrin (2013a).

Dichromacalles rolletii parasite

Dichromacalles rolletii (Germar, 1824) on Euphorbia host plants Euphorbiaceae, monophagous Euphorbia dendroides, myrsinites. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Stüben, Schütte & Astrin (2013a).

Sclerophaedon carpathicus parasite

Sclerophaedon carpathicus (Weise, 1875) on Caltha host plants Ranunculaceae, monophagous Caltha palustris. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Borowiec (1984a).

Chrysolina globipennis parasite

Chrysolina globipennis (Suffrian, 1851) on Mentha parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Lamiaceae, monophagous Mentha. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Borowiec (1984a).

Longitarsus suturalis parasite

Longitarsus suturalis (Marsham, 1802) on Lithospermum parasite Larvae at the roots. host plants Boraginaceae, monophagous Lithospermum officinale. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Biondi (1994b), Furth (1979a), García-Ocejo, Gurrea & Petitpierre (1992a), Jolivet (1953a), Pozsgai (2005a).

Aphthona perrisi parasite

Aphthona perrisi Allard, 1869 on Euphorbia parasite Larvae at the roots. host plants Euphorbiaceae, monophagous Euphorbia amygdaloides, characias. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Jolivet (1953a).

Batophila pyrenaea parasite

Batophila pyrenaea Allard, 1866 on ? Fragaria, ? Rubus host plants Rosaceae, oligophagous ? Fragaria; ? Rubus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Jolivet (1953a), Petitpierre i Vall (1994a).

Psylliodes puncticollis parasite

Psylliodes puncticollis Rosenhauer, 1856 on Trachomitum host plants Apocynaceae, monophagous Trachomitum venetum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Baviera & Biondi (2015a), Jolivet (1953a).

Atrococcus bejbienkoi parasite

Atrococcus bejbienkoi Kozár & Danzig, 1976 on Rubus Rubus idaeus, Hungary, Szada, 27.viii.2020 © László Érsek detail adult, dorsal lateral ventral parasite Larvae and imagines at the roots. host plants Rosaceae, monophagous Rubus idaeus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references ScaleNet (2021).

Ribautodelphax kalonerensis parasite

Ribautodelphax kalonerensis den Bieman 1987 on Arrhenatherum parasite Larvae and imagines freely on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, monophagous Arrhenatherum elatius. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references den Bieman (1987a).

Ribautodelphax ventouxianus parasite

Ribautodelphax ventouxianus den Bieman 1987 on Festuca parasite Larvae and imagines freely on the leaves. host plants Poaceae, monophagous Festuca rubra. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references den Bieman (1987a).

Ribautodelphax noguerae parasite

Ribautodelphax noguerae den Bieman, 1987 on Carex parasite Larvae and imagines freely on the leaves. host plants Cyperaceae, monophagous Carex nigra. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references den Bieman (1987a).

Coccidiphila patriciae parasite

Coccidiphila patriciae Nel & Nel, 2000 on Ixanthus parasite Larvae in the fruits. host plants Gentianaceae, monophagous Ixanthus viscosus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Nel & Nel (2000a).

Coccidiphila parasite

Endelomyia filipendulae parasite

Endelomyia filipendulae Lacourt, 1988 on Filipendula parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants Rosaceae, monophagous Filipendula vulgaris. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Liston (2006b), Liston & Prous (2020a).

Pseudopostega chalcopepla parasite

Pseudopostega chalcopepla (Walsingham, 1908) on ? Rosmarinus host plants Lamiaceae, monophagous ? Rosmarinus officinalis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Corley, Merckx, Cardoso ao (2012a), Laštůvka & Laštůvka (2009b), Nel & Varenne (2012a).

Dichrorampha carpatalpina parasite

Dichrorampha carpatalpina Kovács & Kovács, 2019 on Achillea parasite Larvae at the roots. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Achillea oxyloba subsp. schurii. distribution within Europe Romania. references Kovács & Kovács (2019a).

Oxypteryx nigromaculella parasite

Oxypteryx nigromaculella (Millière, 1872) on Hypericum parasite Larvae among spun leaves leaves. host plants Hypericaceae, monophagous Hypericum tetrapterum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). synonyms Eulamprotes nigromaculella. references Baldizzone & Scalercio (2018a), Huemer & Karsholt (2020a).

Scrobipalpa hyssopi parasite

Scrobipalpa hyssopi Nel, 2003 on Hyssopus parasite Larvae among spun leaves leaves. host plants Lamiaceae, monophagous Hyssopus officinalis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Huemer & Karsholt (2010a), Huemer & van Nieukerken (2021a), Nel (2006a).

Trifurcula lastuvkaorum parasite

Trifurcula lastuvkaorum Varenne & Nel, 2019 on Genista parasite Larvae mine the bark of the stems. host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Genista scorpius. distribution within Europe France. references Huemer & van Nieukerken (2021a).

Pyrausta rectefascialis parasite

Pyrausta rectefascialis Toll, 1936 on Salvia parasite Larvae freely under the leaves. host plants Lamiaceae, monophagous Salvia pratensis. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). larva, pupa Pictures in Lepiforum. synonyms Often considered a junior synonym of P. cingulata, like in in PESI (2011). references Fazekas (2004a), Lepiforum (2021), Wieser & Huemer (1997a).

Pyrausta cingulata parasite

Pyrausta cingulata (Linnaeus, 1758) silver-barred sable on Salvia, Thymus parasite Larvae freely under the leaves. host plants Lamiaceae, oligophagous Salvia glutinosa, pratensis; Thymus praecox & subsp. polytrichus, serphyllum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). larva, pupa see zie Patočka, Patočka & Turčáni. Pictures in Lepiforum, Heckford. references Fazekas (2004a), Fiumi (2018a), Heckford (2010e), Lepiforum (2021), Patočka […]

Mecyna balcanica parasite

Mecyna balcanica Slamka & Plant, 2016 on herbs host plants ? polyphagous ? Artemisia; ? Galium. distribution within Europe mountainous karst areas of the Balkans. references Slamka & Plant (2016a).

Mecyna flavalis parasite

Mecyna flavalis (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) yellow pearl on Galium, ? etc. parasite Larvae in a webbing among the leaves. host plants ? polyphagous Artemisia campestris; Ballota; Galium album, mollugo, verum; Reseda; Thymus; Urtica urens. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). larva, pupa see Patočka, Patočka & Turčáni references Lepiforum (2021), Patočka (2001c), Patočka & Turčáni […]

Hypatima rhomboidella parasite

Hypatima rhomboidella (Linnaeus, 1758) square-spot crest on Betula, Corylus parasite Larvae in spun shoot tips. host plants Betulaceae, oligophagous Betula pendula; Corylus avellana. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). larva, pupa Pictures on Lepiforum. references Bland, Corley, Emmet ao (2002a), Heckford (2010e), Lepiforum (2021), Sinev & Shapoval (2015a).

Hypatima parasite

Neofriseria singula parasite

Neofriseria singula (Staudinger, 1876) mottled groundling on Rumex parasite Larvae in a silken tube at the base of the plant. host plants Polygonaceae, monophagous Rumex acetosella. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Baldizzone & Scalercio (2018a), Bland, Corley, Emmet ao (2002a), Huisman, Kuchlein, van Nieukerken ao (1986a), Pröse (1981a), Sinev & Shapoval (2015a), Wegner (2010a).

Oxypteryx wilkella parasite

Oxypteryx wilkella (Linnaeus, 1758) painted neb on Cerastium parasite Larvae freely on the leaves. host plants ? polyphagous Often associated with Cerastium fontanum & subsp. vulgare but probably this is only part of a mix of mosses and dwarf plants. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). larva pictures on Lepiforum. synonyms Eulamprotes wilkella. references Bland, Corley, […]

Oxypteryx parasite

Argolamprotes micella parasite

Argolamprotes micella (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) bright neb on Rubus parasite Larvae freely on the leaves of flowering shoots. host plants Rosaceae, monophagous Rubus fruticosus, idaeus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). larva Pictures in Heckford. synonyms Xystophora micella. references Bland, Corley, Emmet ao (2002a), Heckford (2010e), Kaitila 1996a), Schütze (1931), Sinev & Shapoval (2015a).

Argolamprotes parasite

Corythauma ayyari parasite

Corythauma ayyari (Drake, 1933) on Jasminum, etc. parasite Larvae and imagines freely on the leaves. host plants polyphagous, in Europe op Jasminum grandiflorum, sambac. distribution within Europe southern Europe. notes East Asiatic species, in Europe since ± 2010. references Carapezza (2014a), Novoselsky & Freidberg (2013a), Roca-Cusachs & Goula (2014a).

Corythauma parasite

Physatocheila danielae parasite

Physatocheila danielae Matocq, 2016 on Crataegus parasite Larvae and imagines freely on the leaves. host plants Rosaceae, monophagous Crataegus monogyna. distribution within Europe northern Italy. references Matocq (2016a).

Cnephasia chrysantheana parasite

Cnephasia chrysantheana (Duponchel, 1843) on herbs parasite Larva in a ;eaf that has been rolled inwards with much silk . host plants polyphagous Artemisia; Carlina; Centaurea jacea subsp. angustifolia; Chaerophyllum bulbosum; Chrysanthemum; Cirsium; Cynara scolymus; Eryngium;Inula helenium, peacockiana; Lathyrus; Pulmonaria; Scabiosa; Taraxacum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). larva See Ippolito; picture in Kemal & Koçak. […]

Stephanitis chlorophana parasite

Stephanitis chlorophana (Fieber, 1861) on Viburnum parasite Larvae and imagines freely on the leaves. host plants Adoxaceae, monophagous Viburnum tinus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Ribes (1988a).

Galeatus scrophicus parasite

Galeatus scrophicus Saunders, 1876 sunflower lace bug on Helianthus, etc. parasite Larvae and imagines freely on the leaves. host plants Asteraceae, oligophagous Lactuca sativa; Launaea fragilis, lanifera; Helianthus annuus; Sonchus oleraceus; Xanthium strumarium subsp. brasilicum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). notes In Africa and in the Middle East a pest on sunflower. references Ribes & […]

Latipalpis plana parasite

Latipalpis plana (Olivier, 1790) on Quercus parasite Larvae bore under the bark. host plants Fagaceae, monophagous Quercus cerris, ilex, pubescens, robur, suber. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Luna (2017a), Petruzziello (2014a), Verdugo (2005a).

Stephanitis lauri parasite

Stephanitis lauri Rietschel, 2014 on Laurus parasite Larvae and imagines freely on the leaves. host plants Lauraceae, monophagous Laurus nobilis. distribution within Europe France, Italy, Crete. references Abenaim, Rossi, Rizzo & Guilbert (2020a), Rietschel (2014a), Streito, Balmès, Aversenq, ao (2018a).

Megastigmus wachtli parasite

Megastigmus wachtli Seitner, 1916 on Cupressus parasite Larvae in the seeds. host plants Cupressaceae, monophagous Cupressus dupreziana subsp. atlantica, lusitanica, macrocarpa, sempervirens. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Roques, Markalas, Raoux ao (1999a), Roques & Skrzypczyńska (2003a).

Megastigmus transvaalensis parasite

Megastigmus transvaalensis (Hussey, 1956) on Schinus parasite Larvae in the seeds. host plants Anacardiaceae, monophagous Schinus molle, terebinthifolia. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Roques & Skrzypczyńska (2003a).

Megastigmus specularis parasite

Megastigmus specularis Walley, 1932 on Abies parasite Larvae in the seeds. host plants Pinaceae, monophagous Abies alba, amabilis, balsamea, concolor, holophylla, homolepis, koreana, lasiocarpa, nephrolepis, nordmanniana & subsp. equi-trojani, pinsapo, sachalinensis, sibirica, veitchii. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). notes North American species. references Roques & Skrzypczyńska (2003a).

Megastigmus schimitscheki parasite

Megastigmus schimitscheki Novitzky, 1954 on (Abies), Cedrus parasite Larvae in the seeds. host plants Pinaceae, oligophagous Abies pinsapo; Cedrus atlantica, libani & subsp. brevifolia. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Koteiche & Antoun (2006a), Roques & Skrzypczyńska (2003a).

Megastigmus rosae parasite

Megastigmus rosae Bouček, 1971 on Rosa parasite Larvae in the seeds. host plants Rosaceae, monophagous Rosa arvensis, canina, glauca, pendulina, rubiginosa, spinossisima, turkestanica. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Roques & Skrzypczyńska (2003a).

Megastigmus rafni parasite

Megastigmus rafni Hoffmeyer, 1929 on Abies parasite Larvae in the seeds. host plants Pinaceae, monophagous Abies alba, cephalonica, cilicica, concolor, grandis, homolepis, koreana, marocana, nebrodesis, nordmanniana & subsp. equi-trojani, numidica, pindrow, pinsapo, procera, veitchii. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). notes North American species. references Roques & Skrzypczyńska (2003a).

Megastigmus pinus parasite

Megastigmus pinus Parffit, 1857 on Abies parasite Larvae in the seeds. host plants Pinaceae, monophagous Abies alba, cilicica, concolor, grandis, lasiocarpa, nordmanniana & subsp. equi-trojani, numidica, pinsapo, procera. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). notes North American species. references Roques & Skrzypczyńska (2003a).

Megastigmus pinsapinis parasite

Megastigmus pinsapinis Hoffmeyer, 1931 on Abies, Cedrus parasite Larvae in the seeds. host plants Pinaceae, oligophagous Abies pinsapo; Cedrus atlantica. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Roques & Skrzypczyńska (2003a).

Megastigmus nigrovariegatus parasite

Megastigmus nigrovariegatus Ashmead, 1890 on Rosa parasite Larvae in the seeds. host plants Rosaceae, monophagous Rosa pendulina. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). notes North American species. references Roques & Skrzypczyńska (2003a).

Megastigmus milleri parasite

Megastigmus milleri Miliron, 1949 on Abies parasite Larvae in the seeds. host plants Pinaceae, monophagous Abies balsamea, concolor, grandis, homolepis, magnifica, nordmanniana & subsp. equi-trojani, pinsapo. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). notes North American species. references Roques & Skrzypczyńska (2003a).

Megastigmus brevicaulis parasite

Megastigmus brevicaulis Ratzeburg, 1852 on Amelanchier, Sorbus parasite Larvae in the seeds. host plants Rosaceae, oligophagous Amelanchier ovalis, spicata; Sorbus aria, aucuparia. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Roques & Skrzypczyńska (2003a).

Megastigmus atedius parasite

Megastigmus atedius Walker, 1851 on Picea, Pinus parasite Larvae in the seeds. host plants Pinaceae, oligophagous Picea engelmannii, omorika, orientalis, sitchensis; Pinus strobus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). notes North American species. references Roques & Skrzypczyńska (2003a).

Megastigmus aculeatus parasite

Megastigmus aculeatus (Swederus, 1795) rose hip chalcidoid wasp, rose seed wasp on Rosa parasite Larvae in the seeds. host plants Rosaceae, monophagous Rosa “alpina”, arvensis, beggeriana, blanda, canina, “collina”, davurica, gallica, glauca, “glutinosa”, majalis, marginata, mollis, montana, multiflora, pendulina, pouzinii, rubiginosa, rugosa, spinosissima, turkestanica, villosa. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). larva see Nieves-Aldrey ao references […]

Bruchophagus glycyrrhizae parasite

Bruchophagus glycyrrhizae (Nikolskaya, 1952) on Glycyrrhiza, etc. parasite Larvae in the seeds. host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Astragalus; Glycyrrhiza glabra; Trigonella. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Alsendi, Adelimanesh & Sadeghi (2019a), Zerova (1992a).

Aximopsis collina parasite

Aximopsis collina (Zerova, 1984) on Asphodelus parasite Larvae in the seeds. host plants Xanthorrhoeaceae, monophagous Asphodelus albus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Delvare, Ribes Escolà, Stojanova, ao (2019a).

Aximopsis balajasi parasite

Aximopsis balajasi Delvare, 2019 on Asphodelus parasite Larvae in the seeds. host plants Xanthorrhoeaceae, monophagous Asphodelus ramosus. distribution within Europe Spain, France, Italy. references Delvare, Ribes Escolà, Stojanova, ao (2019a).

Aximopsis parasite

Bruchophagus lecomtei parasite

Bruchophagus lecomtei Delvare, 2019 on Asphodelus parasite Larvae in the seeds. host plants Xanthorrhoeaceae, monophagous Asphodelus fistulosus. distribution within Europe Spain, France. references Delvare, Ribes Escolà, Stojanova, ao (2019a).

Bruchophagus gijswijti parasite

Bruchophagus gijswijti Askew & Ribes, 2019 on Asphodelus parasite Larvae in the seeds. host plants Xanthorrhoeaceae, monophagous Asphodelus fistulosus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Delvare, Ribes Escolà, Stojanova, ao (2019a).

Bruchophagus asphodelinae parasite

Bruchophagus asphodelinae Askew & Stojanova, 2019 on Asphodeline parasite Larvae in the seeds. host plants Xanthorrhoeaceae, monophagous Asphodeline lutea. distribution within Europe Sicily, Bulgaria. references Delvare, Ribes Escolà, Stojanova, ao (2019a).

Bruchophagus insulare parasite

Bruchophagus insulare Delvare, 2019 on Asphodeline, Asphodelus parasite Larvae in the seeds. host plants Xanthorrhoeaceae, oligophagous Asphodeline lutea; Asphodelus ramosus. distribution within Europe Corsica, Sicily. references Delvare, Ribes Escolà, Stojanova, ao (2019a).

Bruchophagus ribesi parasite

Bruchophagus ribesi Askew, 2019 on Asphodelus parasite Larvae in the seeds. host plants Xanthorrhoeaceae, monophagous Asphodelus albus & subsp. delphinensis, cerasiferus, ramosus. distribution within Europe Spain, France. references Delvare, Ribes Escolà, Stojanova, ao (2019a).

Bruchophagus abscedus parasite

Bruchophagus abscedus Askew, 2019 on Asphodelus parasite Larvae in the seeds. host plants Xanthorrhoeaceae, monophagous Asphodelus albus, cerasiferus, ramosus. phenology Hibernation as fully developed larva, still in the deed. distribution within Europe From Spain to Greece. larva see Delvare ao. references Delvare, Ribes Escolà, Stojanova, ao (2019a).

Megastigmus pistaciae parasite

Megastigmus pistaciae Walker, 1871 pistachio seed wasp on Pistacia parasite Larvae in the seeds. host plants Anacardiaceae, monophagous Pistacia atlantica & subsp. mutica, chinensis subsp. integerrima, lentiscus, terebinthus, vera. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). larva see Doğanlar ao, Nieves-Aldrey ao. references Doğanlar, Karadağ & Mendel (2009a), Longo & Suma (2011a), Nieves-Aldrey, Hernández Nieves & Gómez […]

Bruchophagus tauricus parasite

Bruchophagus tauricus Zerova, 1975 on Eremurus parasite Larvae in the seeds. host plants Xanthorrhoeaceae, monophagous Eremurus tauricus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Zerova (1992a).

Bruchophagus caucasicus parasite

Bruchophagus caucasicus Zerova, 1992 on Astragalus parasite Larvae in the seeds. host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Astragalus. distribution within Europe France. references Zerova (1992a).

Bruchophagus oxytropidis parasite

Bruchophagus oxytropidis Zerova, 1978 on Oxytropis parasite Larvae in the seeds. host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Oxytropis pilosa. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Zerova (1992a).

Bruchophagus coronillae parasite

Bruchophagus coronillae Erdelyi & Szelenyi, 1975 on Securigera, etc. parasite Larvae in the seeds. host plants Fabaceae, oligophagous Medicago sativa, Securigera varia. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Alsendi, Adelimanesh & Sadeghi (2019a), Zerova (1992a).

Bruchophagus dorycnii parasite

Bruchophagus dorycnii Zerova, 1970 on Dorycnium parasite Larvae in the seeds. host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Dorycnium pentaphyllum subsp. herbaceum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Zerova (1992a).

Bruchophagus evolans parasite

Bruchophagus evolans Szelenyi, 1961 on Medicago parasite Larvae in the seeds. host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Medicago minima, sativa. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Alsendi, Adelimanesh & Sadeghi (2019a), Zerova (1992a).

Bruchophagus kolobovae parasite

Bruchophagus kolobovae Fedoseeva, 1956 on Lotus parasite Larvae in the seeds. host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Lotus corniculatus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Zerova (1992a).

Bruchophagus seravschanicus parasite

Bruchophagus seravschanicus Zerova, 1972 on Onobrychis parasite Larvae in the seeds. host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Onobrychis saravschanica. Plant species not listed in EuropMed or The Plant List. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Zerova (1992a).

Eurytoma volkovi parasite

Eurytoma volkovi Zerova, 1994 on Prangos host plants Apiaceae, monophagous Prangos ferulacea. distribution within Europe France. references Saghaei, Fallahzadeh & Lotfalizadeh (2018a).

Bruchophagus trigonellae parasite

Bruchophagus trigonellae Zerova, 1970 on Trigonella parasite Larvae in the seeds. host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Trigonella. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Parsa, Adeli-Manesh, Sadeghi, ao (2020a), Alsendi, Adelimanesh & Sadeghi (2019a), Saghaei, Fallahzadeh & Lotfalizadeh (2018a), Zerova (1992a).

Bruchophagus parvulus parasite

Bruchophagus parvulus Zerova, 1994 on Trigonella parasite Larvae in the seeds. host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Trigonella. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Parsa, Adeli-Manesh, Sadeghi, ao (2020a), Popescu (2004a, 2006a).

Bruchophagus hippocrepidis parasite

Bruchophagus hippocrepidis Zerova, 1969 on Hippocrepis, etc. parasite Larvae in the seeds. host plants Fabaceae, oligophagous Astragalus; Hippocrepis comosa. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Parsa, Adeli-Manesh, Sadeghi, ao (2020a), Zerova (1992a).

Meliboeus zoe parasite

Meliboeus zoe Verdugo, 2021 on Helichrysum parasite Larvae bore in the roots. host plants Asteraceae, monophagous Helichrysum italicum subsp. serotinum. distribution within Europe Spain. larva see Verdugo. references Verdugo (2021a).

Systole foeniculi parasite

Systole foeniculi Otten, 1941 on Foeniculum parasite Larvae in the fruits. host plants Apiaceae, monophagous Foeniculum vulgare. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Alizadeh, Bagheri, Lotfalizadeh & Eivazian-Kary (2020a), Saghaei, Fallahzadeh & Lotfalizadeh (2018a).

Bruchophagus ponticus parasite

Bruchophagus ponticus Zerova, 1994 on Astragalus parasite Larvae in the seeds. host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Astragalus. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Alizadeh, Bagheri, Lotfalizadeh & Eivazian-Kary (2020a), Alsendi, Adelimanesh & Sadeghi (2019a).

Bruchophagus mutabilis parasite

Bruchophagus mutabilis Nikol’skaya, 1952 on Astragalus, etc. parasite Larvae in the seeds. host plants Fabaceae, oligophagous Astragalus; Colutea; Glycyrrhiza glabra; Robinia pseudoacacia. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Alizadeh, Bagheri, Lotfalizadeh & Eivazian-Kary (2020a), Alsendi, Adelimanesh & Sadeghi (2019a), Parsa, Adeli-Manesh, Sadeghi, ao (2020a)m Saghaei, Fallahzadeh & Lotfalizadeh (2018a), Zerova (1992a).

Bruchophagus medicaginis parasite

Bruchophagus medicaginis Zerova, 1992 on Medicago parasite Larvae in the seeds. host plants Fabaceae, oligophagous Medicago lupulina, orbicularis, sativa. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Alizadeh, Bagheri, Lotfalizadeh & Eivazian-Kary (2020a), Alsendi, Adelimanesh & Sadeghi (2019a), Parsa, Adeli-Manesh, Sadeghi, ao (2020a), Zerova (1992a).

Bruchophagus coluteae parasite

Bruchophagus coluteae (Bouček, 1954) on Colutea parasite Larvae in the fruits. host plants Fabaceae, monophagous Colutea arborescens, media. An association with Chardinia orientalis (Asteraceae) is unlikely. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Alizadeh, Bagheri, Lotfalizadeh & Eivazian-Kary (2020a), Alsendi, Adelimanesh & Sadeghi (2019a), Zerova (1992a).

Eurytoma tumida parasite

Eurytoma tumida Walker, 1844 on Euphorbia host plants Euphorbiaceae, monophagous Euphorbia amygdaloides. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Zerova (2010a).

Eurytoma scalaris parasite

Eurytoma scalaris Graham, 1984 on Euphorbia host plants Euphorbiaceae, monophagous Euphorbia characias. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Zerova (2010a).

Eurytoma paraliae parasite

Eurytoma paraliae Graham, 1984 on Euphorbia host plants Euphorbiaceae, monophagous Euphorbia paralias. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Zerova (2010a).

Eurytoma jaltica parasite

Eurytoma jaltica Zerova, 1994 on Euphorbia host plants Euphorbiaceae, monophagous Euphorbia rigida. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Zerova (2010a).

Eurytoma fumipennis parasite

Eurytoma fumipennis Walker, 1836 on Euphorbia host plants Euphorbiaceae, monophagous Euphorbia characias, esula subsp. tommasiniana, pedroi. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Zerova (2010a).

Eurytoma euphorbicola parasite

Eurytoma euphorbicola Zerova, 1994 on Euphorbia host plants Euphorbiaceae, monophagous Euphorbia palustris, semivillosa. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Zerova (2010a).

Eurytoma cebennica parasite

Eurytoma cebennica Graham, 1984 on Euphorbia host plants Euphorbiaceae, monophagous Euphorbia seguieriana. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Zerova (2010a).

Bruchophagus bajariae parasite

Bruchophagus bajariae Erdős, 1957 on Euphorbia host plants Euphorbiaceae, monophagous Euphorbia esula subsp. tommasiniana. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). Eurytoma, Bruchophagus, bajarii. references Alizadeh, Bagheri, Lotfalizadeh & Eivazian-Kary (2020a), Saghaei, Fallahzadeh & Lotfalizadeh (2018a), Zerova (2010a).

Eurytoma ascendens parasite

Eurytoma ascendens Graham, 1984 on Euphorbia host plants Euphorbiaceae, monophagous Euphorbia seguieriana. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Zerova (2010a).

Eurytoma stepposa parasite

Eurytoma stepposa Zerova, 1980 on Stipa host plants Poaceae, monophagous Stipa capillata. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Zerova (2010a).

Eurytoma noxialis parasite

Eurytoma noxialis (Portschinsky, 1881) on Triticum host plants Poaceae, monophagous Triticum. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Zerova (2010a).

Eurytoma caulicola parasite

Eurytoma caulicola Zerova, 1971 on Calamagrostis parasite Larvae in the culm. host plants Poaceae, monophagous Calamagrostis epigeios. distribution within Europe PESI (2021). references Zerova (2010a).