Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

perforate mine

An interparenchymatous mine, from where repeatedly pieces have been eaten out of the “roof”, i.e. the palissade parenchyma. At first sight this type of more looks like a piece of leaf diseased by some fungus. When held against the light such a mine has a perforated appearance.

Phytomyza heracleana: mine

Phytomyza heracleana: example of a perforate mine.