Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Blechnum

Blechnum hard fern

Dichotomous table for leafminers

1a mine in the lamina, extending over several pinnulae (‘leaf segments’); at the beginning of the mine a lower-surface elliptic egg shell: Chirosia histricina

1b mine in the rachis: Heptamelus ochroleucus

1c galls, etc => Tables for all parasites per species

Tables for all parasites per species

Last modified 9.x.2017