Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Pteridium

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEupteryx capreola
stemvagrantadultAphrophoridaeAphrophora alni
leafvagrantlarvaMembracidaeCentrotus cornutus
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEupteryx filicum
leafvagrantDelphacidaeDitropis pteridis
leafgallAphrophoridaePhilaenus spumarius
unknownunknownlarvadoubtfulCurculionidaeProcas granulicollis
leafvagrantdoubtfulTenthredinidaeTenthredo colon
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredo fagi
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeStrongylogaster cretensis
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeAneugmenus oertzeni
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeAneugmenus fuerstenbergensis
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeStrongylogaster filicis
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeStrongylogaster mixta
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeStrongylogaster macula
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeMacrophya sanguinolenta
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeStrongylogaster xanthocera
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeStromboceros delicatulus
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeStrongylogaster multifasciata
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredo livida
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredo ferruginea
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredo balteata
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeRhogogaster chlorosoma
leafhiddenTortricidaeCelypha lacunana
leafhiddenTortricidaeArchips podana
leafvagrantEriophyidaePhyllocoptes pteridii
leafborerAnthomyiidaeChirosia betuleti
leafborerAnthomyiidaeChirosia albitarsis
leafborerAnthomyiidaeChirosia cinerosa
leafborerAnthomyiidaeChirosia crassiseta
leafborerAnthomyiidaeChirosia grossicauda
leafborerAnthomyiidaeChirosia nigripes
leafgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura pteridicola
leafgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura pteridis
leafgallEriophyidaeEriophyes pteridis
leafgallPlatygloealesHerpobasidium filicinum
leafgallRhytismatalesCryptomyces pteridis
leafgallTenthredinidaeAneugmenus padi
leafgallTenthredinidaeAneugmenus temporalis
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytoliriomyza hilarella
leafminermainAnthomyiidaeChirosia histricina
leafminerTenthredinidaeAneugmenus coronatus
leafminerTineidaePsychoides verhuella
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesUredinopsis pteridis
leafvagrantAphididaeAmphorophora ampullata
leafvagrantAphididaeMacrosiphum dryopteridis
leafvagrantAphididaeMacrosiphum ptericolens
stemgallGelechiidaeMonochroa cytisella
stemborerrarelyBlasticotomidaeBlasticotoma filiceti
leafvagrantAphididaeIdiopterus nephrolepidis


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 2.ii.2021