Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Dryopteris

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
flower hidden Phlaeothripidae Haplothrips vuilleti
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Mniotype schumacheri
leaf vagrant Geometridae Petrophora chlorosata
root borer Curculionidae Syagrius intrudens
root borer Hepialidae Phymatopus hecta
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Macrophya infumata
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Mycosphaerella filicum
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Pseudocercosporella aspidii
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Euplexia dubiosa
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Euplexia euplexina
leaf vagrant Miridae Bryocoris pteridis
leaf vagrant Miridae Monalocoris filicis
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Otiorhynchus kollari
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Otiorhynchus multipunctatus
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Otiorhynchus krattereri
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Otiorhynchus obsidianus
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Anaplectoides prasina
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Diarsia mendica
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Diarsia brunnea
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Melanchra persicariae
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Phlogophora scita
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Hyppa rectilinea
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Euplexia lucipara
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Phlogophora meticulosa
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Phlogophora interrupta
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Phlogophora kruegeri
leaf vagrant Geometridae Alcis repandata
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Eupteryx filicum
flower hidden Thripidae Taeniothrips picipes
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips flavus
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Tenthredo ferruginea
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Tenthredo mioceras
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Strongylogaster baikalensis
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Strongylogaster multifasciata
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Strongylogaster xanthocera
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Strongylogaster macula
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Strongylogaster mixta
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Stromboceros delicatulus
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Leipothrix serbicus
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Aleurotulus nephrolepidis
leaf vagrant Aphididae Taiwanomyzus alpicola
leaf borer Anthomyiidae Chirosia betuleti
leaf borer doubtful Anthomyiidae Chirosia griseifrons
leaf borer doubtful Anthomyiidae Chirosia grossicauda
leaf leaf spot Taphrinales Taphrina athyrii
leaf gall main Platygloeales Herpobasidium filicinum
leaf gall Taphrinales Taphrina filicina
leaf gall Taphrinales Taphrina fusca
leaf gall Taphrinales Taphrina vestergrenii
leaf miner Anthomyiidae Chirosia histricina
leaf miner Tenthredinidae Aneugmenus coronatus
leaf miner Tineidae Psychoides filicivora
leaf pustule Chytridiales Synchytrium athyrii
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Milesina carpatorum
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Milesina kriegeriana
leaf vagrant Aphididae Amphorophora ampullata
leaf vagrant Aphididae Macrosiphum dryopteridis
stem borer Blasticotomidae Blasticotoma filiceti
stem borer Tenthredinidae Heptamelus ochroleucus
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aulacorthum circumflexum


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


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