Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Buxus sempervirens


synonym: Buxus suffruticosa, variegata

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafleaf spotXylariaceaeSphaeria lichenoides var. buxicola
leafleaf spotPhyllostictaceaePhyllosticta buxina
leafleaf spotPhyllostictaceaePhyllosticta sphingina
stemkankerNectriaceaeNectria mariae
leafvagrantMiridaePhytocoris buxi
leafvagrantrarelyMiridaePhytocoris juniperi
predatorAnthocoridaeBrachysteles parvicornis
predatorAnthocoridaeAnthocoris amplicollis
predatorAnthocoridaeAnthocoris confusus
predatorAnthocoridaeAnthocoris nemorum
leafvagrantCoreidaeGonocerus juniperi
leafvagrantMiridaePinalitus cervinus
predatorAnthocoridaeAnthocoris butleri
fruitvagrantCoreidaeGonocerus acuteangulatus
scaleDiaspididaeChrysomphalus pinnulifer
leafscaleDiaspididaeUnaspis euonymi
stemscaleMargarodidaeIcerya purchasi
leafvagrantErebidaeHyphantria cunea
leafvagrantLycaenidaeCelastrina argiolus
leafvagrantCicadellidaeOrientus ishidae
leafvagrantTetranychidaeBryobia kissophila
leafvagrantTetranychidaeEurytetranychus latus
leafvagrantTetranychidaePanonychus ulmi
stemvagrantFlatidaeMetcalfa pruinosa
leafvagrantCrambidaeCydalima perspectalis
stemscaleCoccidaeParthenolecanium corni
stemscaleDiaspididaeDynaspidiotus britannicus
leafvagrantPsyllidaeSpanioneura fonscolombei
leafhiddenTortricidaeDitula angustiorana
leafvagrantEriophyidaeEriophyes tricheutes
leafvagrantUnknown code!EriophyidaeEriophyes parabuxi
leafvagrantEriophyidaeCalepitrimerus buxi
systemicscaleDiaspididaeParlatoria oleae
systemicgallEriophyidaeEriophyes canestrinii
leaf budgallEriophyidaeEriophyes buxi
leaf budgallEriophyidaeEriophyes crinites
leafgallCecidomyiidaeMonarthropalpus flavus
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria unguiculata
leafgallPsyllidaePsylla buxi
leafpustuleteliaPuccinialesPuccinia buxi
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 5.xi.2022