Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Papaver

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
root film Peronosporaceae Phytophthora cryptogea
root film Ceratocystidaceae Berkeleyomyces basicola
leaf leaf spot Pleosporaceae Alternaria penicillata
systemic down Sclerotiniaceae Botrytis cinerea
stem leaf spot Nectriaceae Fusarium equiseti
root film Platygloeales Helicobasidium purpureum
leaf leaf spot Pleosporaceae Alternaria papaveris
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Septoria rhoeadis
fruit down Pleosporaceae Macrosporium papaveris
root gall Olpidiaceae Olpidium brassicae
root film Plectosphaerellaceae Verticillium albo-atrum
root film Plectosphaerellaceae Verticillium dahliae
systemic pustule Sclerotiniaceae Sclerotinia sclerotiorum
leaf vagrant Lygaeidae Brachyplax tenuis
leaf vagrant Lygaeidae Brachyplax tenuis
leaf vagrant Lygaeidae Brachyplax tenuis
fruit vagrant Lygaeidae Spilostethus saxatilis
root collar vagrant doubtful Miridae Capsus ater
leaf vagrant Lygaeidae Brachyplax tenuis
flower vagrant rarely Miridae Closterotomus trivialis
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Carpocoris mediterraneus
leaf vagrant Miridae Adelphocoris lineolatus
leaf vagrant Miridae Opisthotaenia fulvipes
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Dolycoris baccarum
stem borer Cerambycidae Agapanthia papaverina
stem borer Cerambycidae Parmena pubescens
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Mamestra brassicae
stem borer doubtful Cerambycidae Opsilia molybdaena
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Amphipyra tragopoginis
leaf vagrant Lasiocampidae Lasiocampa trifolii
unknown unknown Curculionidae Neoglocianus smyrnensis
fruit borer Kateretidae Brachyleptus auripubens
fruit borer Kateretidae Brachyleptus aurosus
fruit borer Kateretidae Brachyleptus quadratus
fruit borer Kateretidae Brachyleptus discolor
fruit vagrant Cimbicidae Corynis similis
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips atratus
leaf miner younger larva Tortricidae Cnephasia asseclana
leaf hidden older larva Tortricidae Cnephasia asseclana
flower hidden Thripidae Frankliniella intonsa
root collar borer larva Curculionidae Stenocarus cardui
root collar borer larva Curculionidae Ethelcus denticulatus
fruit borer larva Curculionidae Neoglocianus albovittatus
leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia horticola
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aulacorthum solani
unknown vagrant Aphididae Acyrthosiphon ilka
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aphis gossypii
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae solanella
stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis craccivora
root vagrant summer generation Aphididae Rectinasus buxtoni
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae fabae
systemic borer Anguinidae Ditylenchus dipsaci
fruit borer Cecidomyiidae Dasineura papaveris
fruit gall Curculionidae Neoglocianus maculaalba
fruit gall Cynipidae Aylax minor
fruit gall Cynipidae Aylax papaveris
fruit gall Cynipidae Barbotinia oraniensis
flower gall Cynipidae Iraella hispanica
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe cruciferarum
leaf down Erysiphales Golovinomyces orontii
leaf down Erysiphales Leveillula taurica
leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora apula
leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora arborescens
leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora argemones
leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora cristata
leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora meconopsidis
leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora somniferi
leaf leaf spot Entylomatales Entyloma fuscum
leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia horticola
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza strigata
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza xanthocera
leaf miner Curculionidae Stenocarus ruficornis
leaf miner Ephydridae Hydrellia griseola
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Melampsora magnusiana
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Melampsora populnea
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae fabae
stem borer Cecidomyiidae Karshomyia caulicola
stem borer Cynipidae Iraella luteipes
root collar gall rarely Cynipidae Iraella ionescui
root collar gall doubtful Plasmodiophorales Plasmodiophora brassicae
root gall Heteroderidae Heterodera schachtii
root gall Meloidogynidae Meloidogyne hapla
predator Cecidomyiidae Lestodiplosis callida
stem vagrant doubtful Aphididae Macrosiphum stellariae
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Myzus persicae
leaf vagrant Aphididae Macrosiphum euphorbiae

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 29.ix.2022