Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Papaver rhoeas

common poppy

synonym: Papaver strigosum, trilobum

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
seeds vagrant Carabidae Amara similata
predator Eulophidae Aprostocetus forsteri
predator Eupelmidae Eupelmus barai
predator Tortricidae Pseudotorymus papaveris
fruit predator Eulophidae Aprostocetus epicharmus
fruit predator Torymidae Idiomacromerus papaveris
root collar vagrant doubtful Miridae Capsus ater
leaf vagrant Lygaeidae Brachyplax tenuis
flower vagrant rarely Miridae Closterotomus trivialis
leaf vagrant Miridae Adelphocoris lineolatus
leaf vagrant Miridae Opisthotaenia fulvipes
stem borer doubtful Cerambycidae Opsilia molybdaena
unknown unknown Curculionidae Neoglocianus smyrnensis
fruit borer Kateretidae Brachyleptus auripubens
fruit borer Kateretidae Brachyleptus aurosus
fruit borer Kateretidae Brachyleptus quadratus
fruit vagrant Cimbicidae Corynis similis
flower hidden Thripidae Frankliniella intonsa
root collar borer larva Curculionidae Stenocarus cardui
root collar borer larva Curculionidae Ethelcus denticulatus
fruit borer larva Curculionidae Neoglocianus albovittatus
leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia horticola
leaf vagrant Aphididae Macrosiphum euphorbiae
unknown vagrant Aphididae Acyrthosiphon ilka
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aphis gossypii
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae solanella
systemic borer Anguinidae Ditylenchus dipsaci
fruit borer Cecidomyiidae Dasineura papaveris
fruit gall Curculionidae Neoglocianus maculaalba
fruit gall Cynipidae Aylax minor
fruit gall Cynipidae Aylax papaveris
fruit gall Cynipidae Barbotinia oraniensis
flower gall Cynipidae Iraella hispanica
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe cruciferarum
leaf down Erysiphales Golovinomyces orontii
leaf down Erysiphales Leveillula taurica
leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora arborescens
leaf leaf spot Entylomatales Entyloma fuscum
leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia horticola
leaf miner Curculionidae Stenocarus ruficornis
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Melampsora magnusiana
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae
root collar gall Cynipidae Iraella ionescui
root gall Meloidogynidae Meloidogyne hapla
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae fabae
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Myzus persicae


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 28.x.2023