Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Papaver rhoeas

common poppy

synonym: Papaver strigosum, trilobum

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
predatorEulophidaeAprostocetus forsteri
predatorEupelmidaeEupelmus barai
predatorTortricidaePseudotorymus papaveris
fruitpredatorEulophidaeAprostocetus epicharmus
fruitpredatorTorymidaeIdiomacromerus papaveris
root collarvagrantdoubtfulMiridaeCapsus ater
leafvagrantLygaeidaeBrachyplax tenuis
flowervagrantrarelyMiridaeClosterotomus trivialis
leafvagrantMiridaeAdelphocoris lineolatus
leafvagrantMiridaeOpisthotaenia fulvipes
stemborerdoubtfulCerambycidaeOpsilia molybdaena
unknownunknownCurculionidaeNeoglocianus smyrnensis
fruitborerKateretidaeBrachyleptus auripubens
fruitborerKateretidaeBrachyleptus aurosus
fruitborerKateretidaeBrachyleptus quadratus
fruitvagrantCimbicidaeCorynis similis
flowerhiddenThripidaeFrankliniella intonsa
root collarborerlarvaCurculionidaeStenocarus cardui
root collarborerlarvaCurculionidaeEthelcus denticulatus
fruitborerlarvaCurculionidaeNeoglocianus albovittatus
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia horticola
leafvagrantAphididaeMacrosiphum euphorbiae
unknownvagrantAphididaeAcyrthosiphon ilka
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis gossypii
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae solanella
systemicborerAnguinidaeDitylenchus dipsaci
fruitborerCecidomyiidaeDasineura papaveris
fruitgallCurculionidaeNeoglocianus maculaalba
fruitgallCynipidaeAylax minor
fruitgallCynipidaeAylax papaveris
fruitgallCynipidaeBarbotinia oraniensis
flowergallCynipidaeIraella hispanica
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe cruciferarum
leafdownErysiphalesGolovinomyces orontii
leafdownErysiphalesLeveillula taurica
leafdownPeronosporalesPeronospora arborescens
leafleaf spotEntylomatalesEntyloma fuscum
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia horticola
leafminerCurculionidaeStenocarus ruficornis
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesMelampsora magnusiana
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae
root collargallCynipidaeIraella ionescui
rootgallMeloidogynidaeMeloidogyne hapla
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae fabae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeMyzus persicae

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 6.vii.2022