Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Adonis

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
flower predator Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips intermedius
flower hidden Aeolothripidae Melanthrips pallidior
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Entomoscelis dorsalis
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Entomoscelis adonidis
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Pseudocercospora adonidis
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Septoria adonidis
leaf vagrant doubtful Pentatomidae Sciocoris microphthalmus
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Eurydema ornata
flower vagrant Lygaeidae Lygaeus simulans
fruit vagrant Lygaeidae Lygaeus equestris
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Entomoscelis sacra
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe aquilegiae var ranunculi
leaf down Erysiphales Podosphaera delphinii
leaf down Erysiphales Podosphaera savulescui
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza xanthocera
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Puccinia cynodontis
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Puccinia actaeae-agropyri
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Puccinia actaeae-elymi
root collar gall Urocystidales Urocystis leimbachii


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 19.x.2023