Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Anemone nemorosa

wood anemone

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
unknown unknown Curculionidae Leiosoma dardagnense
flower hidden Thripidae Taeniothrips picipes
leaf bud hidden Thripidae Taeniothrips inconsequens
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips minutissimus
root macro fungus Sclerotiniaceae Dumontinia tuberosa
leaf leaf spot Pleosporales Mycocentrospora acerina
leaf leaf spot Didymellaceae Ascochyta infuscans
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Ramularia didyma var. exigua
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Ramularia pulsatillae
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Noctua comes
leaf miner younger larva Adelidae Nemophora degeerella
flower vagrant Geometridae Mesotype didymata
root borer Curculionidae Leiosoma oblongulum
root borer Curculionidae Leiosoma deflexum
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips atratus
leaf miner younger larva Tortricidae Cnephasia asseclana
leaf hidden older larva Tortricidae Cnephasia asseclana
leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Septoria anemones
leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Ramularia didyma
stem borer Agromyzidae Phytomyza nigripennis
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe aquilegiae var ranunculi
leaf down Peronosporales Plasmoverna pygmaea
leaf gall Aphelenchoididae Aphelenchoides fragariae
leaf gall Blastocladiales Physoderma deformans
leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza albimargo
leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza anemones
leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza ranunculi
leaf miner Tenthredinidae Endophytus anemones
leaf pustule Chytridiales Synchytrium anemones
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Ochropsora ariae
leaf pustule telia Pucciniales Tranzschelia anemones
leaf pustule Urocystidales Urocystis anemones


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 4.xii.2023