Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Anemone

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
root collarhiddenCrambidaeDuponchelia fovealis
leafmineryounger larvaAdelidaeNemophora degeerella
flowervagrantGeometridaeMesotype didymata
leafhiddenTortricidaeXerocnephasia rigana
rootborerCurculionidaeLeiosoma oblongulum
rootborerCurculionidaeLeiosoma deflexum
flowerhiddenThripidaeTaeniothrips picipes
leafminerChrysomelidaeLongitarsus luridus
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeSciapteryx consobrina
flowerhiddenThripidaeThrips atratus
leafhiddenTortricidaeClepsis steineriana
leafhiddenTortricidaeOlindia schumacherana
leafmineryounger larvaTortricidaeCnephasia stephensiana
leafhiddenolder larvaTortricidaeCnephasia stephensiana
leafmineryounger larvaTortricidaeCnephasia asseclana
leafhiddenolder larvaTortricidaeCnephasia asseclana
rootborerSyrphidaeCheilosia insignis
leafleaf spotCapnodialesSeptoria anemones
leafleaf spotCapnodialesRamularia simplex
leafleaf spotCapnodialesRamularia didyma
stemborerAgromyzidaePhytomyza nigripennis
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis gossypii
systemicborerAnguinidaeDitylenchus dipsaci
fruitgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura pulsatillae
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe aquilegiae var ranunculi
leafdownErysiphalesLeveillula taurica
leafdownPeronosporalesPeronospora anemones
leafdownPeronosporalesPlasmoverna anemones-ranunculoidis
leafdownPeronosporalesPlasmoverna pygmaea
leafgallAphelenchoididaeAphelenchoides fragariae
leafgallBlastocladialesPhysoderma deformans
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza trifolii
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza albimargo
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza anemonantheae
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza anemones
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza hendeli
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza narcissiflorae
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza pulsatillae
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza pulsatillicola
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza ranunculi
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza socia
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora rectilineella
leafminerTenthredinidaeEndophytus anemones
leafminerTenthredinidaePseudodineura parvula
leafminerTortricidaeCnephasia ecullyana
leafpustuleChytridialesSynchytrium anemones
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesTranzschelia discolor
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesTranzschelia pruni-spinosae
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesOchropsora ariae
leafpustuleteliaPuccinialesTranzschelia anemones
leafpustuleteliaPuccinialesPuccinia pulsatillae
leafpustuleteliaPuccinialesPuccinia singularis
leafpustuleteliaPuccinialesPuccinia vesiculosa
leafpustuleUrocystidalesUrocystis anemones
leafpustuleUrocystidalesUrocystis anemones-narcissiflorae
leafpustuleUrocystidalesUrocystis antipolitana
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeRhopalosiphoninus staphyleae
root collarvagrantAphididaeAphis montanicola
rootgallMeloidogynidaeMeloidogyne hapla
root collarvagrantspring generationAphididaeAphis montanicola
leafvagrantAphididaeAulacorthum circumflexum
systemicvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis triglochinis


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


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