Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Clematis vitalba



Mihajlović, Spasić, Petanović & Mihajlović (1998a).

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
stem vagrant Flatidae Metcalfa pruinosa
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Tropiphorus elevatus
leaf hidden Thripidae Thrips tabaci
flower predator Phlaeothripidae Haplothrips reuteri
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips atratus
flower hidden Thripidae Limothrips cerealium
stem vagrant Thripidae Limothrips denticornis
flower predator Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips collaris
leaf vagrant Thripidae Thrips major
leaf vagrant Thripidae Thrips fuscipennis
predator Phlaeothripidae Xylaplothrips fuliginosus
stem vagrant adult Dictyopharidae Dictyophara europaea
flower predator Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips gloriosus
leaf scale Diaspididae Aspidiotus nerii
leaf vagrant Geometridae Scopula imitaria
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Passalora squalidula
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Septoria clematidis
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Ramularia saximontanensis
leaf leaf spot Didymellaceae Longididymella vitalbae
leaf leaf spot Didymellaceae Ascochyta infuscans
leaf leaf spot Didymellaceae Ascochyta vitalbicola
leaf vagrant Geometridae Idaea minuscularia
leaf vagrant Ricaniidae Ricania speculum
predator Miridae Heterotoma diversipes
leaf vagrant Miridae Halticus luteicollis
leaf vagrant Geometridae Scopula immutata
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Melanchra persicariae
leaf vagrant doubtful Geometridae Scopula nigropunctata
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Xestia triangulum
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Eugraphe sigma
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Naenia typica
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Axylia putris
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Noctua comes
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Lacanobia oleracea
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Agrochola nitida
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Caradrina morpheus
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Euplexia lucipara
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Macdunnoughia confusa
leaf vagrant Erebidae Spilosoma lutea
leaf vagrant Geometridae Alcis repandata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Alcis bastelbergeri
leaf vagrant Geometridae Gnophos furvata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Crocallis tusciaria
flower vagrant Geometridae Eupithecia virgaureata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Ourapteryx sambucaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Menophra abruptaria
flower vagrant Geometridae Gymnoscelis rufifasciata
flower vagrant Geometridae Phaiogramma etruscaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Horisme radicaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Horisme tersata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Horisme predotai
leaf vagrant Geometridae Horisme corticata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Melanthia procellata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Peribatodes rhomboidaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Horisme vitalbata
flower vagrant Geometridae Chloroclystis v-ata
flower borer Geometridae Eupithecia haworthiata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Hemithea aestivaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Hemistola chrysoprasaria
leaf hidden Thyrididae Thyris fenestrella
stem vagrant Tingidae Derephysia sinuatocollis
leaf miner Chrysomelidae Longitarsus luridus
stem borer Curculionidae Xylocleptes bispinus
leaf hidden Thripidae Rubiothrips vitalbae
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Longitarsus conspiciabilis
stem scale Coccidae Parthenolecanium persicae
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Monophadnus spinolae
leaf hidden Tortricidae Sparganothis pilleriana
fruit borer Tortricidae Lobesia botrana
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Neopealius rubi
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Aleurotrachelus rhamnicola
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Bemisia afer
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Aleurolobus wunni
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Aleyrodes lonicerae
stem vagrant Ortheziidae Orthezia urticae
stem scale Diaspididae Lepidosaphes ulmi
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aceria vitalbae
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura clematidina
leaf bud gall Eriophyidae Aceria vermicularis
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe aquilegiae var aquilegiae
leaf gall Eriophyidae Phyllocoptes heterogaster
leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza clematidis
leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza fulgens
leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza kaltenbachi
leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza vitalbae
leaf oviposition scar Tenthredinidae Eurhadinoceraea ventralis
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Aecidium clematidis
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Puccinia agropyri
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Puccinia alnetorum
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Puccinia clematidis-secalis
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Puccinia hordei-maritimi
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Puccinia madritensis
stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis clematidis
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Myzus varians
stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis vitalbae


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


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