Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Clematis vitalba



Mihajlović, Spasić, Petanović & Mihajlović (1998a).

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantNoctuidaeMacdunnoughia confusa
leafvagrantErebidaeSpilosoma lutea
leafvagrantGeometridaeAlcis repandata
leafvagrantGeometridaeAlcis bastelbergeri
leafvagrantGeometridaeGnophos furvata
leafvagrantGeometridaeCrocallis tusciaria
flowervagrantGeometridaeEupithecia virgaureata
leafvagrantGeometridaeOurapteryx sambucaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeMenophra abruptaria
flowervagrantGeometridaeGymnoscelis rufifasciata
flowervagrantGeometridaePhaiogramma etruscaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeHorisme radicaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeHorisme tersata
leafvagrantGeometridaeHorisme predotai
leafvagrantGeometridaeHorisme corticata
leafvagrantGeometridaeMelanthia procellata
leafvagrantGeometridaePeribatodes rhomboidaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeHorisme vitalbata
flowervagrantGeometridaeChloroclystis v-ata
flowerborerGeometridaeEupithecia haworthiata
leafvagrantGeometridaeHemithea aestivaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeHemistola chrysoprasaria
leafhiddenThyrididaeThyris fenestrella
stemvagrantTingidaeDerephysia sinuatocollis
leafminerChrysomelidaeLongitarsus luridus
stemborerCurculionidaeXylocleptes bispinus
leafhiddenThripidaeRubiothrips vitalbae
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus conspiciabilis
stemscaleCoccidaeParthenolecanium persicae
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeMonophadnus spinolae
leafhiddenTortricidaeSparganothis pilleriana
fruitborerTortricidaeLobesia botrana
leafscaleAleyrodidaeNeopealius rubi
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAleurotrachelus rhamnicola
leafscaleAleyrodidaeBemisia afer
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAleurolobus wunni
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAleyrodes lonicerae
stemvagrantOrtheziidaeOrthezia urticae
stemscaleDiaspididaeLepidosaphes ulmi
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria vitalbae
flowergallCecidomyiidaeDasineura clematidina
leaf budgallEriophyidaeAceria vermicularis
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe aquilegiae var aquilegiae
leafgallEriophyidaePhyllocoptes heterogaster
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza clematidis
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza fulgens
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza kaltenbachi
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza vitalbae
leafoviposition scarTenthredinidaeEurhadinoceraea ventralis
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesAecidium clematidis
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesPuccinia agropyri
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesPuccinia alnetorum
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesPuccinia clematidis-secalis
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesPuccinia hordei-maritimi
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesPuccinia madritensis
stemvagrantAphididaeAphis clematidis
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeMyzus varians
stemvagrantAphididaeAphis vitalbae


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 22.vii.2021