Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Pulsatilla pratensis

synonym: Anemone pratensis

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Ramularia pulsatillae
leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Ramularia didyma
fruit borer Agromyzidae Phytomyza nigricoxa
leaf down Peronosporales Plasmoverna pygmaea
leaf pustule telia Pucciniales Tranzschelia pulsatillae
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Coleosporium pulsatillae
leaf pustule telia Pucciniales Puccinia pulsatillae
leaf pustule Urocystidales Urocystis pulsatillae
flower borer Agromyzidae Phytomyza soenderupiella
fruit gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura pulsatillae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza ignota
leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza pulsatillae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza pulsatillicola
leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza socia
leaf miner Tenthredinidae Pseudodineura parvula
stem gall Asterolecaniidae Planchonia arabidis

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 25.vii.2022