Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Caltha

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
root scale Ortheziidae Arctorthezia cataphracta
flower hidden Thripidae Frankliniella intonsa
leaf vagrant Thripidae Mycterothrips latus
flower hidden Thripidae Taeniothrips picipes
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips trehernei
leaf vagrant Thripidae Thrips menyanthidis
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips validus
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips vulgatissimus
leaf vagrant Geometridae Chariaspilates formosaria
leaf vagrant doubtful Chrysomelidae Phaedon tumidulus
leaf leaf spot Sclerotiniaceae Botrytis calthae
leaf leaf spot Phyllostictaceae Phyllosticta calthae
stem pustule Leotiales Botryotinia calthae
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Cercospora palustris
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Cercospora moravica
leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Ramularia calthae
leaf vagrant Erebidae Rhyparioides metelkana
stem borer Noctuidae Gortyna flavago
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Xylena vetusta
leaf vagrant Erebidae Callimorpha dominula
unknown unknown Chrysomelidae Sclerophaedon carpathicus
root borer Curculionidae Leiosoma deflexum
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Prasocuris marginella
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Prasocuris fairmairei
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Prasocuris glabra
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Prasocuris hannoveriana
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Prasocuris phellandrii
leaf hidden Tortricidae Celypha lacunana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Aphelia paleana
leaf miner younger larva Tortricidae Cnephasia asseclana
leaf miner younger larva Tortricidae Cnephasia stephensiana
leaf hidden older larva Tortricidae Cnephasia stephensiana
leaf hidden older larva Tortricidae Cnephasia asseclana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Cnephasia incertana
unknown borer Syrphidae Cheilosia frontalis
unknown unknown Agromyzidae Phytomyza nigritella
fruit gall Psyllidae Aphalara calthae
leaf borer Blastocladiales Physoderma calthae
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe aquilegiae var aquilegiae
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe aquilegiae var ranunculi
leaf leaf spot Blastocladiales Physoderma bohemicum
leaf leaf spot Helotiales Pseudopeziza calthae
leaf leaf spot Taphrinales Protomyces hispanicus
leaf gall Aphididae Rhopalosiphoninus calthae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza calthae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza calthivora
leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza calthophila
leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza soenderupi
leaf miner Psychidae Apterona paludella
leaf miner Sciaridae Phytosciara macrotricha
leaf pustule Blastocladiales Physoderma vagans
leaf pustule Chytridiales Synchytrium aureum
leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia calthae
leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia calthicola
root collar vagrant summer generation Aphididae Thecabius affinis
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aulacorthum solani
leaf vagrant Aphididae Myzus ascalonicus
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis nasturtii

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 29.xii.2023