Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Helleborus

Helleborus bear’s-foot

(For a dichotomous table for galls on Helleborus by Hans Roskam click here)

Dichotomous table for leafminers

1a upper-surface corridor, widening into an elongated blotch; larva a maggot; pupation in the mine, in an lower-surface chamber: Phytomyza hellebori

1b galls, etc => Tables for all parasites per species

Tables for all parasites per species

Last modified 14.v.2020