Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Ranunculus acris

meadow buttercup

synonym: Ranunculus acer, stevenii

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantChrysomelidaePrasocuris marginella
leafvagrantChrysomelidaePrasocuris glabra
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredo olivacea
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeMonophadnus monticola
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeSciapteryx consobrina
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeMonophadnus pallescens
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeSciapteryx costalis
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeStethomostus fuliginosus
leafhiddenTortricidaeArgyrotaenia ljungiana
flowerhiddenThripidaeFrankliniella intonsa
leafleaf spotdoubtfulEntylomatalesEntyloma eburneum
leafleaf spotEntylomatalesEntyloma ranunculacearum
rootborerSyrphidaeCheilosia albitarsis
flowervagrantAphididaeMacrosiphum ranunculi
leafleaf spotCapnodialesRamularia simplex
leafleaf spotCapnodialesRamularia acris
root collarvagrantCecidomyiidaeResseliella ranunculi
stemminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza albipennis
stemminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza caulinaris
stemborerAgromyzidaePhytomyza cineracea
stemminerAgromyzidaeOphiomyia ranunculicaulis
stemborerAgromyzidaePhytomyza evanescens
stemborerAgromyzidaePhytomyza nigritula
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae fabae
systemicborerAnguinidaeDitylenchus dipsaci
flowergallCecidomyiidaeDasineura traili
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe aquilegiae var aquilegiae
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe aquilegiae var ranunculi
leafdownPeronosporalesPeronospora hiemalis
leafleaf spotCapnodialesRamularia didyma
leafleaf spotEntylomatalesEntyloma microsporum
leafleaf spotEntylomatalesEntyloma verruculosum
leafleaf spotHelotialesLeptotrochila ranunculi
leafgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura ranunculi
leafgallEriophyidaeEpitrimerus ranunculi
leafgallEriophyidaeEpitrimerus rhyncothrix
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza buhriana
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza clematidis
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza fallaciosa
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza notata
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza ranunculi
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza ranunculicola
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza ranunculivora
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza rydeni
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza stolonigena
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora rectilineella
leafminerSciaridaePhytosciara halterata
leafminerSciaridaePhytosciara macrotricha
leafminerTenthredinidaePseudodineura fuscula
leafpustuleBlastocladialesPhysoderma vagans
leafpustuleChytridialesSynchytrium aureum
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesAecidium ranunculi-acris
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesPuccinia perplexans
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesUromyces dactylidis
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesUromyces poae
leafpustuleteliaPuccinialesPuccinia gibberulosa
leafpustuleUrocystidalesUrocystis nivalis
leafpustuleUrocystidalesUrocystis ranunculi
root collarvagrantsummer generationAphididaeThecabius affinis
leafvagrantAphididaeAcyrthosiphon malvae malvae
leafvagrantAphididaeTubaphis ranunculina


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 27.v.2020