Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Ranunculus repens

creeping buttercup

synonym: Ranunculus oenanthifolius, pubescens

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
rootborerCurculionidaeLeiosoma oblongulum
rootborerCurculionidaeLeiosoma deflexum
leafgallAphrophoridaePhilaenus spumarius
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEupteryx vittata
leafvagrantThripidaeThrips discolor
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeNeophaedon pyritosus
leafvagrantadultChrysomelidaeNeocrepidodera femorata
leafvagrantChrysomelidaePrasocuris fairmairei
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina staphylaea
leafvagrantChrysomelidaePrasocuris phellandrii
leafvagrantChrysomelidaePrasocuris marginella
leafvagrantChrysomelidaePrasocuris glabra
leafminerChrysomelidaeLongitarsus luridus
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredo olivacea
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredo silensis
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeMonophadnus pallescens
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredo mesomela
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeStethomostus fuliginosus
flowerhiddenThripidaeFrankliniella intonsa
leafleaf spotEntylomatalesEntyloma piepenbringiae
leafleaf spotEntylomatalesEntyloma eburneum
leafleaf spotEntylomatalesEntyloma piepenbringiae
rootborerSyrphidaeCheilosia albitarsis
root collarborerlarvaCurculionidaeBagous tempestivus
leafleaf spotCapnodialesRamularia simplex
stemminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza caulinaris
stemborerAgromyzidaePhytomyza cineracea
systemicborerAnguinidaeDitylenchus dipsaci
flowergallCecidomyiidaeDasineura traili
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe aquilegiae var ranunculi
leafdownPeronosporalesPeronospora ranunculi
leafleaf spotCapnodialesRamularia didyma
leafleaf spotEntylomatalesEntyloma microsporum
leafleaf spotEntylomatalesEntyloma verruculosum
leafleaf spotHelotialesLeptotrochila ranunculi
leafgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura ranunculi
leafgallEriophyidaeEpitrimerus ranunculi
leafgallEriophyidaeEpitrimerus rhyncothrix
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza buhriana
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza fallaciosa
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza notata
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza ranunculi
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza ranunculivora
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza stolonigena
leafminerCurculionidaeOrthochaetes insignis
leafminerSciaridaePhytosciara halterata
leafminerSciaridaePhytosciara macrotricha
leafminerTenthredinidaePseudodineura fuscula
leafpustuleBlastocladialesPhysoderma vagans
leafpustuleaeciaPucciniaceaeSchroeteriaster alpinus
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesAecidium ranunculi-acris
leafpustuleaeciadoubtfulPuccinialesPuccinia agropyrina
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesPuccinia magnusiana
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesUromyces agrostidis
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesUromyces dactylidis
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesUromyces festucae
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesUromyces poae
leafpustuleUrocystidalesUrocystis ranunculi
leafvagrantAphididaeTubaphis ranunculina
root collarvagrantsummer generationAphididaeDysaphis ranunculi
root collarvagrantsummer generationAphididaeThecabius affinis
rootvagrantAphididaeProtrama ranunculi


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 9.iv.2021