Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Anethum

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
stem down Nectriaceae Neocosmospora solani
leaf leaf spot Didymellaceae Ascochyta phomoides
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Fusoidiella depressa
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Passalora puncta
systemic pustule Sclerotiniaceae Sclerotinia sclerotiorum
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Cercospora apii
fruit vagrant Lygaeidae Spilostethus saxatilis
leaf vagrant Miridae Orthops campestris
flower vagrant Geometridae Eupithecia centaureata
leaf vagrant Papilionidae Papilio machaon
flower hidden Thripidae Frankliniella intonsa
flower vagrant Aphididae Hyadaphis coriandri
root collar vagrant Aphididae Dysaphis foeniculus
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Lasioptera carophila
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe heraclei
leaf down Erysiphales Leveillula braunii
leaf down Erysiphales Leveillula lanuginosa
leaf down Peronosporales Plasmopara anethi
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza trifolii
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Puccinia isiacae
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia nitida
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae
stem borer Agromyzidae Napomyza lateralis
stem borer Curculionidae Calosirus terminatus
stem vagrant summer generation Aphididae Dysaphis apiifolia
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Hyadaphis foeniculi
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Cavariella aegopodii
leaf vagrant summer generation rarely Aphididae Cavariella pastinacae


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 4.xi.2022