Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Apium

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantNoctuidaeCtenoplusia accentifera
leafvagrantNoctuidaeAnarta trifolii
leafvagrantNoctuidaeChrysodeixis chalcites
leafvagrantNoctuidaeSpodoptera exigua
rootborerPsilidaeChamaepsila rosae
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEupteryx atropunctata
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEuscelidius variegatus
stemgallCurculionidaeLixus iridis
leafvagrantTetranychidaeBryobia praetiosa
unknownunknownCurculionidaeLixus mucronatus
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeOreina speciosa
leafvagrantChrysomelidaePhaedon tumidulus
leafvagrantCurculionidaeHypera conmaculata
leafvagrantCurculionidaeHypera conmaculata
leafhiddenDepressariidaeAgonopterix yeatiana
leafleaf spotCapnodialesRamularia heraclei
stemborerElachistidaeDepressaria ultimella
rootborerlarvaCurculionidaeCalosirus apicalis
stemborerlarvaCurculionidaeLixus paraplecticus
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeMyzus persicae
root collarvagrantAphididaeDysaphis foeniculus
rootvagrantAphididaeRhopalosiphoninus latysiphon
systemicborerAnguinidaeDitylenchus dipsaci
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe heraclei
leafdownPeronosporalesPlasmopara apii
leafleaf spotCapnodialesSeptoria apiicola
leafleaf spotEntylomatalesEntyloma helosciadii
leafgallTaphrinalesBuerenia inundata
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza bryoniae
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza strigata
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza trifolii
leafminerEpermeniidaeEpermenia chaerophyllella
leafminerTephritidaeEuleia heraclei
leafminerTephritidaeEuleia separata
leafpustuleBlastocladialesPhysoderma vagans
leafpustuleChytridialesSynchytrium aureum
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesUromyces lineolatus
leafpustuleaecia uredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia apii
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeHyadaphis foeniculi
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaePemphigus protospirae
stemborerCurculionidaeCalosirus terminatus
stemgallCurculionidaeLixus iridis
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis frangulae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae fabae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeCavariella archangelicae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeCavariella aegopodii
leafvagrantAphididaeMyzus ascalonicus
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeCavariella konoi
stemvagrantsummer generationAphididaeDysaphis apiifolia


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 31.x.2021