Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Foeniculum

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Laparocerus bentejui
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Laparocerus semipilosus
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Herpisticus aridicola
leaf vagrant Thripidae Dendrothrips saltatrix
flower hidden Thripidae Frankliniella occidentalis
seeds vagrant Carabidae Scybalicus oblongiusculus
flower hidden Thripidae Frankliniella intonsa
leaf hidden Thripidae Thrips tabaci
seeds vagrant Carabidae Harpalus honestus
seeds vagrant Carabidae Harpalus dimidiatus
seeds vagrant Carabidae Harpalus distinguendus
seeds vagrant Carabidae Harpalus atratus
seeds vagrant adult Carabidae Harpalus rubripes
seeds vagrant Carabidae Harpalus sulphuripes
seeds vagrant Carabidae Ophonus ardosiacus
seeds vagrant Carabidae Harpalus tenebrosus
seeds vagrant Carabidae Ophonus incisus
seeds vagrant Carabidae Ophonus parallelus
seeds vagrant Carabidae Anisodactylus signatus
seeds vagrant Carabidae Ophonus diffinis
seeds vagrant Carabidae Ophonus azureus
seeds vagrant Carabidae Ophonus cordatus
seeds vagrant Carabidae Ophonus melletii
seeds vagrant Carabidae Ophonus puncticeps
seeds vagrant Carabidae Ophonus puncticollis
seeds vagrant Carabidae Harpalus affinis
seeds vagrant Carabidae Harpalus tardus
stem borer Cerambycidae Agapanthia villosoviridescens
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Deroplia annulicornis
stem borer Cerambycidae Deroplia gertiana
stem borer Cerambycidae Deroplia pilosa
stem borer Cerambycidae Agapanthia cardui
stem borer Cerambycidae Deroplia gomerae
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Colaspidema dufouri
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Passalora puncta
root film Helicobasidiaceae Helicobasidium purpureum
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Fusoidiella depressa
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Mniotype usurpatrix
leaf vagrant Miridae Lygus pratensis
leaf vagrant Coreidae Centrocoris variegatus
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Graphosoma interruptum
leaf vagrant Miridae Brachycoleus decolor
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Graphosoma italicum
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Dolycoris baccarum
stem borer Cerambycidae Parmena solieri
stem borer Cerambycidae Agapanthia irrorata
stem borer Cerambycidae Parmena pubescens
stem borer Cerambycidae Parmena pubescens
stem borer Cerambycidae Phytoecia rufipes
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Amphipyra effusa
flower hidden Crambidae Sitochroa palealis
flower vagrant Geometridae Phaiogramma etruscaria
flower vagrant Geometridae Eupithecia centaureata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Phaiogramma faustinata
leaf vagrant Papilionidae Papilio machaon
stem borer Buprestidae Anthaxia bedeli
flower borer Eurytomidae Systole foeniculi
fruit borer Eurytomidae Systole albipennis
stem borer Buprestidae Anthaxia cyanescens
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips flavus
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Chrysolina peregrina
leaf vagrant Triozidae Bactericera trigonica
flower hidden Elachistidae Depressaria depressana
leaf hidden Depressariidae Agonopterix feruliphila
unknown unknown Depressariidae Agonopterix olusatri
flower hidden Elachistidae Depressaria marcella
flower hidden Tortricidae Epinotia thapsiana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Cnephasia incertana
root scale Coccidae Rhizopulvinaria artemisiae
stem vagrant doubtful Aphididae Uroleucon sonchi
flower vagrant Aphididae Hyadaphis coriandri
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aphis gossypii
root collar vagrant Aphididae Dysaphis foeniculus
stem borer Agromyzidae Melanagromyza foeniculi
unknown vagrant Aphididae Acyrthosiphon ilka
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae solanella
flower vagrant summer generation Aphididae Hyperomyzus lactucae
stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis craccivora
fruit gall Cecidomyiidae Kiefferia pericarpiicola
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Lasioptera carophila
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe heraclei
leaf down Erysiphales Leveillula lanuginosa
leaf down Peronosporales Plasmopara mei-foeniculi
leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza ferulae
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Uromyces graminis
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Hyadaphis foeniculi
unknown unknown Agromyzidae Ptochomyza czernyi
stem vagrant summer generation Aphididae Dysaphis apiifolia
root collar vagrant rarely Aphididae Aphis lambersi
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Cavariella aegopodii
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae fabae
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aphis spiraecola
leaf vagrant summer generation rarely Aphididae Dysaphis lauberti
leaf vagrant summer generation rarely Aphididae Cavariella pastinacae


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 9.xii.2023