Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Carum


organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantMiridaeAdelphocoris lineolatus
leafvagrantMiridaeAdelphocoris seticornis
MiridaeAdelphocoris vandalicus
leafvagrantMiridaeChlamydatus pullus
leafvagrantMiridaeClosterotomus histrio
leafvagrantMiridaeGlobiceps fulvicollis
leafvagrantMiridaeLygus gemellatus
leafvagrantMiridaeLygus pratensis
leafvagrantMiridaeLygus rugulipennis
leafvagrantMiridaeOrthops forelii
leafvagrantMiridaeOrthops montanus
leafvagrantMiridaeOrthops basalis
leafvagrantMiridaeOrthops kalmii
leafvagrantMiridaePlagiognathus bipunctatus
leafvagrantMiridaeTrigonotylus pulchellus
leafvagrantPapilionidaePapilio machaon
fruitborerEurytomidaeSystole albipennis
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina rufoaenea
leafgallTriozidaeTrioza apicalis
leafhiddenDepressariidaeAgonopterix ciliella
leafhiddenDepressariidaeAgonopterix yeatiana
leafhiddenElachistidaeDepressaria douglasella
leafmineryounger larvaTortricidaeCnephasia asseclana
leafhiddenolder larvaTortricidaeCnephasia asseclana
leafhiddenTortricidaeCnephasia incertana
fruitvagrantTortricidaeAethes bilbaensis
flowervagrantAphididaeHyadaphis coriandri
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria peucedani
systemicborerAnguinidaeDitylenchus dipsaci
fruitgallCecidomyiidaeKiefferia pericarpiicola
flowergallCecidomyiidaeLasioptera carophila
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe heraclei
leafdownPeronosporalesPlasmopara nivea
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria carvi
leafgallTaphrinalesTaphridium algeriense
leafgallTaphrinalesProtomyces macrosporus
leafgallTriozidaeTrioza apicalis
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza chaerophylli
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza mylini
leafminerDepressariidaeDepressaria daucella
leafminerEpermeniidaeEpermenia chaerophyllella
leafpustuleBlastocladialesPhysoderma hemisphaericum
leafpustuleChytridialesSynchytrium aureum
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesPuccinia bistortae
leafpustuleaeciadoubtfulPuccinialesPuccinia polygoni-alpini
leafpustuleaecia uredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia athamantina
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae
stemborerCurculionidaeCalosirus terminatus
rootgallMeloidogynidaeMeloidogyne hapla
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaePemphigus passeki
leafvagrantdoubtfulAphididaeAphis brohmeri
systemicvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis spiraephaga
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeCavariella aegopodii
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeHyadaphis foeniculi
leafvagrantsummer generationrarelyAphididaeCavariella pastinacae


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


To filter the table above, add a text to the search field (top right of the table).
To sort a column click on an arrow after the column name (both ascending and descending).
Sort multiple columns with Shift + click on the arrows.


The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 19.ii.2022