Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Pimpinella anisum

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
fruit vagrant Carabidae Carterus dama
flower hidden Thripidae Kakothrips robustus
flower predator Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips collaris
flower hidden Thripidae Frankliniella intonsa
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips hawaiiensis
leaf hidden Thripidae Thrips tabaci
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Passalora malkoffii
fruit vagrant Pentatomidae Ancyrosoma leucogrammes
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Tholagmus flavolineatus
leaf vagrant Papilionidae Papilio machaon
fruit borer Eurytomidae Systole albipennis
flower hidden Phlaeothripidae Haplothrips gowdeyi
fruit gall Cecidomyiidae Kiefferia pericarpiicola
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Lasioptera carophila
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe heraclei
leaf down Erysiphales Leveillula braunii
leaf down Peronosporales Plasmopara pimpinellae
leaf gall doubtful Triozidae Trioza apicalis
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Puccinia bistortae
leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia pimpinellae
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae
root gall Meloidogynidae Meloidogyne hapla


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 28.x.2023